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* [PATCH v3 0/6] KVM: arm64: Account host/guest SError more precisely (Neoverse-N1 #1349291)
@ 2019-06-18 15:17 James Morse
  2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 1/6] arm64: assembler: Switch ESB-instruction with a vanilla nop if !ARM64_HAS_RAS James Morse
                   ` (5 more replies)
  0 siblings, 6 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-06-18 15:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: Suzuki K Pouloze, Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Julien Thierry,
	Will Deacon, James Morse

Hello,

This series started as a workaround for Neoverse-N1 #1349291, but has
become an improvement in RAS error accounting for KVM on arm64.

Neoverse-N1 affected by #1349291 may report an Uncontained RAS Error
as Unrecoverable. [0] This is the difference between killing the thread and
killing the machine.
The workaround is to treat all Unrecoverable SError as Uncontained.
The arch code's SError handling already does this, due to its nascent
kernel-first support.

So only KVM needs some work as it has its own SError handling as we want
KVM to handle guest:SError and the host to handle host:SError.

Instead of working around the errata in KVM, we account SError as precisely
as we can instead. This means moving the ESB-instruction into the guest-exit
vectors, and deferring guest-entry if there is an SError pending. (so that the
host's existing handling takes it).

Change since v2:
 * Added isb after the dsb to prevent an early read of ISR_EL1.

Changes since v1:
 * Squashed v1:patch5 into v2:patch4. v1:patch6 to be posted separately.
 * Dropped all the performance numbers.
 * Added patch1, making the ESB macro emit a nop if the kconfig feature
   is disabled.
 * Tried to formalise the indirect vectors preamble a little more to
   make changes easier to review
 * Added preamble size checks to the invalid vector entries.
 * Pulled the size check out as a macro now there are two invocations.

Thanks,

James


[0] account-required: https://developer.arm.com/docs/sden885747/latest/arm-neoverse-n1-mp050-software-developer-errata-notice

[v1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-arm-kernel/20190604144551.188107-1-james.morse@arm.com/

James Morse (6):
  arm64: assember: Switch ESB-instruction with a vanilla nop if
    !ARM64_HAS_RAS
  KVM: arm64: Abstract the size of the HYP vectors pre-amble
  KVM: arm64: Make indirect vectors preamble behaviour symmetric
  KVM: arm64: Consume pending SError as early as possible
  KVM: arm64: Defer guest entry when an asynchronous exception is
    pending
  arm64: Update silicon-errata.txt for Neoverse-N1 #1349291

 Documentation/arm64/silicon-errata.txt |  1 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h     |  4 ++++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h       |  6 ++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c              |  4 ++++
 arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S             | 20 ++++++++++++++---
 arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S         | 30 +++++++++++++++++++++-----
 arch/arm64/kvm/va_layout.c             |  7 +++---
 7 files changed, 60 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

-- 
2.20.1


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 1/6] arm64: assembler: Switch ESB-instruction with a vanilla nop if !ARM64_HAS_RAS
  2019-06-18 15:17 [PATCH v3 0/6] KVM: arm64: Account host/guest SError more precisely (Neoverse-N1 #1349291) James Morse
@ 2019-06-18 15:17 ` James Morse
  2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 2/6] KVM: arm64: Abstract the size of the HYP vectors pre-amble James Morse
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  5 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-06-18 15:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: Suzuki K Pouloze, Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Julien Thierry,
	Will Deacon, James Morse

The ESB-instruction is a nop on CPUs that don't implement the RAS
extensions. This lets us use it in places like the vectors without
having to use alternatives.

If someone disables CONFIG_ARM64_RAS_EXTN, this instruction still has
its RAS extensions behaviour, but we no longer read DISR_EL1 as this
register does depend on alternatives.

This could go wrong if we want to synchronize an SError from a KVM
guest. On a CPU that has the RAS extensions, but the KConfig option
was disabled, we consume the pending SError with no chance of ever
reading it.

Hide the ESB-instruction behind the CONFIG_ARM64_RAS_EXTN option,
outputting a regular nop if the feature has been disabled.

Reported-by: Julien Thierry <julien.thierry@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
---
New for v2. The esb where this would be a problem is added later in
this series, but there is no build-dependency.
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h | 4 ++++
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h
index 92b6b7cf67dd..2d2114b39846 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h
@@ -107,7 +107,11 @@
  * RAS Error Synchronization barrier
  */
 	.macro  esb
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_RAS_EXTN
 	hint    #16
+#else
+	nop
+#endif
 	.endm
 
 /*
-- 
2.20.1


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 2/6] KVM: arm64: Abstract the size of the HYP vectors pre-amble
  2019-06-18 15:17 [PATCH v3 0/6] KVM: arm64: Account host/guest SError more precisely (Neoverse-N1 #1349291) James Morse
  2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 1/6] arm64: assembler: Switch ESB-instruction with a vanilla nop if !ARM64_HAS_RAS James Morse
@ 2019-06-18 15:17 ` James Morse
  2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 3/6] KVM: arm64: Make indirect vectors preamble behaviour symmetric James Morse
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  5 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-06-18 15:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: Suzuki K Pouloze, Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Julien Thierry,
	Will Deacon, James Morse

The EL2 vector hardening feature causes KVM to generate vectors for
each type of CPU present in the system. The generated sequences already
do some of the early guest-exit work (i.e. saving registers). To avoid
duplication the generated vectors branch to the original vector just
after the preamble. This size is hard coded.

Adding new instructions to the HYP vector causes strange side effects,
which are difficult to debug as the affected code is patched in at
runtime.

Add KVM_VECTOR_PREAMBLE to tell kvm_patch_vector_branch() how big
the preamble is. The valid_vect macro can then validate this at
build time.

Reviewed-by: Julien Thierry <julien.thierry@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>

---
Changes since v1:
 * Use AARCH64_INSN_SIZE
 * Add preamble build check to invalid_vect too
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h |  6 ++++++
 arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S   | 18 +++++++++++++++++-
 arch/arm64/kvm/va_layout.c       |  7 +++----
 3 files changed, 26 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
index ff73f5462aca..96c2d79063aa 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
@@ -41,6 +41,12 @@
 	{ARM_EXCEPTION_TRAP, 		"TRAP"		},	\
 	{ARM_EXCEPTION_HYP_GONE,	"HYP_GONE"	}
 
+/*
+ * Size of the HYP vectors preamble. kvm_patch_vector_branch() generates code
+ * that jumps over this.
+ */
+#define KVM_VECTOR_PREAMBLE	(1 * AARCH64_INSN_SIZE)
+
 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
 
 #include <linux/mm.h>
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S
index 2b1e686772bf..c7f9d5e271a9 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S
@@ -227,17 +227,32 @@ ENDPROC(\label)
 
 	.align 11
 
+.macro check_preamble_length start, end
+/* kvm_patch_vector_branch() generates code that jumps over the preamble. */
+.if ((\end-\start) != KVM_VECTOR_PREAMBLE)
+	.error "KVM vector preamble length mismatch"
+.endif
+.endm
+
 .macro valid_vect target
 	.align 7
+661:
 	stp	x0, x1, [sp, #-16]!
+662:
 	b	\target
+
+check_preamble_length 661b, 662b
 .endm
 
 .macro invalid_vect target
 	.align 7
+661:
 	b	\target
+662:
 	ldp	x0, x1, [sp], #16
 	b	\target
+
+check_preamble_length 661b, 662b
 .endm
 
 ENTRY(__kvm_hyp_vector)
@@ -282,7 +297,8 @@ ENDPROC(__kvm_hyp_vector)
  * movk	x0, #((addr >> 32) & 0xffff), lsl #32
  * br	x0
  *
- * Where addr = kern_hyp_va(__kvm_hyp_vector) + vector-offset + 4.
+ * Where:
+ * addr = kern_hyp_va(__kvm_hyp_vector) + vector-offset + KVM_VECTOR_PREAMBLE.
  * See kvm_patch_vector_branch for details.
  */
 alternative_cb	kvm_patch_vector_branch
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/va_layout.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/va_layout.c
index c712a7376bc1..58b3a91db892 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/va_layout.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/va_layout.c
@@ -181,11 +181,10 @@ void kvm_patch_vector_branch(struct alt_instr *alt,
 	addr |= ((u64)origptr & GENMASK_ULL(10, 7));
 
 	/*
-	 * Branch to the second instruction in the vectors in order to
-	 * avoid the initial store on the stack (which we already
-	 * perform in the hardening vectors).
+	 * Branch over the preamble in order to avoid the initial store on
+	 * the stack (which we already perform in the hardening vectors).
 	 */
-	addr += AARCH64_INSN_SIZE;
+	addr += KVM_VECTOR_PREAMBLE;
 
 	/* stp x0, x1, [sp, #-16]! */
 	insn = aarch64_insn_gen_load_store_pair(AARCH64_INSN_REG_0,
-- 
2.20.1


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 3/6] KVM: arm64: Make indirect vectors preamble behaviour symmetric
  2019-06-18 15:17 [PATCH v3 0/6] KVM: arm64: Account host/guest SError more precisely (Neoverse-N1 #1349291) James Morse
  2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 1/6] arm64: assembler: Switch ESB-instruction with a vanilla nop if !ARM64_HAS_RAS James Morse
  2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 2/6] KVM: arm64: Abstract the size of the HYP vectors pre-amble James Morse
@ 2019-06-18 15:17 ` James Morse
  2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 4/6] KVM: arm64: Consume pending SError as early as possible James Morse
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  5 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-06-18 15:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: Suzuki K Pouloze, Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Julien Thierry,
	Will Deacon, James Morse

The KVM indirect vectors support is a little complicated. Different CPUs
may use different exception vectors for KVM that are generated at boot.
Adding new instructions involves checking all the possible combinations
do the right thing.

To make changes here easier to review lets state what we expect of the
preamble:
  1. The first vector run, must always run the preamble.
  2. Patching the head or tail of the vector shouldn't remove
     preamble instructions.

Today, this is easy as we only have one instruction in the preamble.
Change the unpatched tail of the indirect vector so that it always
runs this, regardless of patching.

Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
---
New for v2.
---
 arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S | 6 +++---
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S
index c7f9d5e271a9..5f0412f124a3 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S
@@ -286,7 +286,7 @@ ENDPROC(__kvm_hyp_vector)
 /*
  * The default sequence is to directly branch to the KVM vectors,
  * using the computed offset. This applies for VHE as well as
- * !ARM64_HARDEN_EL2_VECTORS.
+ * !ARM64_HARDEN_EL2_VECTORS. The first vector must always run the preamble.
  *
  * For ARM64_HARDEN_EL2_VECTORS configurations, this gets replaced
  * with:
@@ -302,8 +302,8 @@ ENDPROC(__kvm_hyp_vector)
  * See kvm_patch_vector_branch for details.
  */
 alternative_cb	kvm_patch_vector_branch
-	b	__kvm_hyp_vector + (1b - 0b)
-	nop
+	stp	x0, x1, [sp, #-16]!
+	b	__kvm_hyp_vector + (1b - 0b + KVM_VECTOR_PREAMBLE)
 	nop
 	nop
 	nop
-- 
2.20.1


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 4/6] KVM: arm64: Consume pending SError as early as possible
  2019-06-18 15:17 [PATCH v3 0/6] KVM: arm64: Account host/guest SError more precisely (Neoverse-N1 #1349291) James Morse
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 3/6] KVM: arm64: Make indirect vectors preamble behaviour symmetric James Morse
@ 2019-06-18 15:17 ` James Morse
  2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 5/6] KVM: arm64: Defer guest entry when an asynchronous exception is pending James Morse
  2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 6/6] arm64: Update silicon-errata.txt for Neoverse-N1 #1349291 James Morse
  5 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-06-18 15:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: Suzuki K Pouloze, Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Julien Thierry,
	Will Deacon, James Morse

On systems with v8.2 we switch the 'vaxorcism' of guest SError with an
alternative sequence that uses the ESB-instruction, then reads DISR_EL1.
This saves the unmasking and remasking of asynchronous exceptions.

We do this after we've saved the guest registers and restored the
host's. Any SError that becomes pending due to this will be accounted
to the guest, when it actually occurred during host-execution.

Move the ESB-instruction as early as possible. Any guest SError
will become pending due to this ESB-instruction and then consumed to
DISR_EL1 before the host touches anything.

This lets us account for host/guest SError precisely on the guest
exit exception boundary.

Because the ESB-instruction now lands in the preamble section of
the vectors, we need to add it to the unpatched indirect vectors
too, and to any sequence that may be patched in over the top.

The ESB-instruction always lives in the head of the vectors,
to be before any memory write. Whereas the register-store always
lives in the tail.

Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
---
Changes since v1:
 * nop in the invalid vector, now that we check its size
 * esb in the unpatched head for
   ARM64_HARDEN_EL2_VECTORS && !_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h | 2 +-
 arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S       | 5 ++---
 arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S   | 6 +++++-
 3 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
index 96c2d79063aa..38b46ce1dfee 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
@@ -45,7 +45,7 @@
  * Size of the HYP vectors preamble. kvm_patch_vector_branch() generates code
  * that jumps over this.
  */
-#define KVM_VECTOR_PREAMBLE	(1 * AARCH64_INSN_SIZE)
+#define KVM_VECTOR_PREAMBLE	(2 * AARCH64_INSN_SIZE)
 
 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S
index 93ba3d7ef027..7863ec5266e2 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S
@@ -138,8 +138,8 @@ ENTRY(__guest_exit)
 
 alternative_if ARM64_HAS_RAS_EXTN
 	// If we have the RAS extensions we can consume a pending error
-	// without an unmask-SError and isb.
-	esb
+	// without an unmask-SError and isb. The ESB-instruction consumed any
+	// pending guest error when we took the exception from the guest.
 	mrs_s	x2, SYS_DISR_EL1
 	str	x2, [x1, #(VCPU_FAULT_DISR - VCPU_CONTEXT)]
 	cbz	x2, 1f
@@ -157,7 +157,6 @@ alternative_else
 	mov	x5, x0
 
 	dsb	sy		// Synchronize against in-flight ld/st
-	nop
 	msr	daifclr, #4	// Unmask aborts
 alternative_endif
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S
index 5f0412f124a3..8fbfac35f83f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S
@@ -237,6 +237,7 @@ ENDPROC(\label)
 .macro valid_vect target
 	.align 7
 661:
+	esb
 	stp	x0, x1, [sp, #-16]!
 662:
 	b	\target
@@ -248,6 +249,7 @@ check_preamble_length 661b, 662b
 	.align 7
 661:
 	b	\target
+	nop
 662:
 	ldp	x0, x1, [sp], #16
 	b	\target
@@ -280,7 +282,8 @@ ENDPROC(__kvm_hyp_vector)
 #ifdef CONFIG_KVM_INDIRECT_VECTORS
 .macro hyp_ventry
 	.align 7
-1:	.rept 27
+1:	esb
+	.rept 26
 	nop
 	.endr
 /*
@@ -328,6 +331,7 @@ ENTRY(__bp_harden_hyp_vecs_end)
 	.popsection
 
 ENTRY(__smccc_workaround_1_smc_start)
+	esb
 	sub	sp, sp, #(8 * 4)
 	stp	x2, x3, [sp, #(8 * 0)]
 	stp	x0, x1, [sp, #(8 * 2)]
-- 
2.20.1


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 5/6] KVM: arm64: Defer guest entry when an asynchronous exception is pending
  2019-06-18 15:17 [PATCH v3 0/6] KVM: arm64: Account host/guest SError more precisely (Neoverse-N1 #1349291) James Morse
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 4/6] KVM: arm64: Consume pending SError as early as possible James Morse
@ 2019-06-18 15:17 ` James Morse
  2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 6/6] arm64: Update silicon-errata.txt for Neoverse-N1 #1349291 James Morse
  5 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-06-18 15:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: Suzuki K Pouloze, Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Julien Thierry,
	Will Deacon, James Morse

SError that occur during world-switch's entry to the guest will be
accounted to the guest, as the exception is masked until we enter the
guest... but we want to attribute the SError as precisely as possible.

Reading DISR_EL1 before guest entry requires free registers, and using
ESB+DISR_EL1 to consume and read back the ESR would leave KVM holding
a host SError... We would rather leave the SError pending and let the
host take it once we exit world-switch. To do this, we need to defer
guest-entry if an SError is pending.

Read the ISR to see if SError (or an IRQ) is pending. If so fake an
exit. Place this check between __guest_enter()'s save of the host
registers, and restore of the guest's. SError that occur between
here and the eret into the guest must have affected the guest's
registers, which we can naturally attribute to the guest.

The dsb is needed to ensure any previous writes have been done before
we read ISR_EL1. On systems without the v8.2 RAS extensions this
doesn't give us anything as we can't contain errors, and the ESR bits
to describe the severity are all implementation-defined. Replace
this with a nop for these systems.

Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
---
Changes since v2:
 * Added isb after the dsb to prevent an early read
 * Fixed some spelling
Changes since v1:
 * Squashed later dsb/nop patch in here
---
 arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S | 15 +++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 15 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S
index 7863ec5266e2..d9a55503fab7 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
 
 #include <linux/linkage.h>
 
+#include <asm/alternative.h>
 #include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
 #include <asm/assembler.h>
 #include <asm/fpsimdmacros.h>
@@ -63,6 +64,20 @@ ENTRY(__guest_enter)
 	// Store the host regs
 	save_callee_saved_regs x1
 
+	// Now the host state is stored if we have a pending RAS SError it must
+	// affect the host. If any asynchronous exception is pending we defer
+	// the guest entry. The DSB isn't necessary before v8.2 as any SError
+	// would be fatal.
+alternative_if ARM64_HAS_RAS_EXTN
+	dsb	nshst
+	isb
+alternative_else_nop_endif
+	mrs	x1, isr_el1
+	cbz	x1,  1f
+	mov	x0, #ARM_EXCEPTION_IRQ
+	ret
+
+1:
 	add	x18, x0, #VCPU_CONTEXT
 
 	// Macro ptrauth_switch_to_guest format:
-- 
2.20.1


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 6/6] arm64: Update silicon-errata.txt for Neoverse-N1 #1349291
  2019-06-18 15:17 [PATCH v3 0/6] KVM: arm64: Account host/guest SError more precisely (Neoverse-N1 #1349291) James Morse
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 5/6] KVM: arm64: Defer guest entry when an asynchronous exception is pending James Morse
@ 2019-06-18 15:17 ` James Morse
  5 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-06-18 15:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: Suzuki K Pouloze, Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Julien Thierry,
	Will Deacon, James Morse

Neoverse-N1 affected by #1349291 may report an Uncontained RAS Error
as Unrecoverable. The kernel's architecture code already considers
Unrecoverable errors as fatal as without kernel-first support no
further error-handling is possible.

Now that KVM attributes SError to the host/guest more precisely
the host's architecture code will always handle host errors that
become pending during world-switch.
Errors misclassified by this errata that affected the guest will be
re-injected to the guest as an implementation-defined SError, which can
be uncontained.

Until kernel-first support is implemented, no workaround is needed
for this issue.

Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
---
imp-def SError can mean uncontained. In the RAS spec, 2.4.2 "ESB and other
containable errors":
| It is [imp-def] whether [imp-def] and uncategorized SError interrupts
| are containable or Uncontainable.
---
 Documentation/arm64/silicon-errata.txt | 1 +
 arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c              | 4 ++++
 2 files changed, 5 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/silicon-errata.txt b/Documentation/arm64/silicon-errata.txt
index 2735462d5958..51d506a1f8dc 100644
--- a/Documentation/arm64/silicon-errata.txt
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/silicon-errata.txt
@@ -63,6 +63,7 @@ stable kernels.
 | ARM            | Cortex-A76      | #1286807        | ARM64_ERRATUM_1286807       |
 | ARM            | Cortex-A76      | #1463225        | ARM64_ERRATUM_1463225       |
 | ARM            | Neoverse-N1     | #1188873,1418040| ARM64_ERRATUM_1418040       |
+| ARM            | Neoverse-N1     | #1349291        | N/A                         |
 | ARM            | MMU-500         | #841119,826419  | N/A                         |
 |                |                 |                 |                             |
 | Cavium         | ThunderX ITS    | #22375,24313    | CAVIUM_ERRATUM_22375        |
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c
index e6be1a6efc0a..9f64cd609298 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c
@@ -888,6 +888,10 @@ bool arm64_is_fatal_ras_serror(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int esr)
 		/*
 		 * The CPU can't make progress. The exception may have
 		 * been imprecise.
+		 *
+		 * Neoverse-N1 #1349291 means a non-KVM SError reported as
+		 * Unrecoverable should be treated as Uncontainable. We
+		 * call arm64_serror_panic() in both cases.
 		 */
 		return true;
 
-- 
2.20.1


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Thread overview: 7+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-06-18 15:17 [PATCH v3 0/6] KVM: arm64: Account host/guest SError more precisely (Neoverse-N1 #1349291) James Morse
2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 1/6] arm64: assembler: Switch ESB-instruction with a vanilla nop if !ARM64_HAS_RAS James Morse
2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 2/6] KVM: arm64: Abstract the size of the HYP vectors pre-amble James Morse
2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 3/6] KVM: arm64: Make indirect vectors preamble behaviour symmetric James Morse
2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 4/6] KVM: arm64: Consume pending SError as early as possible James Morse
2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 5/6] KVM: arm64: Defer guest entry when an asynchronous exception is pending James Morse
2019-06-18 15:17 ` [PATCH v3 6/6] arm64: Update silicon-errata.txt for Neoverse-N1 #1349291 James Morse

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