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From: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
To: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>, linux-mm@kvack.org
Cc: "Mark Rutland" <Mark.Rutland@arm.com>,
	x86@kernel.org, "Arnd Bergmann" <arnd@arndb.de>,
	"Ard Biesheuvel" <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>,
	"Peter Zijlstra" <peterz@infradead.org>,
	"Catalin Marinas" <catalin.marinas@arm.com>,
	"Dave Hansen" <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	"Steven Price" <steven.price@arm.com>,
	"Jérôme Glisse" <jglisse@redhat.com>,
	"Ingo Molnar" <mingo@redhat.com>,
	"Borislav Petkov" <bp@alien8.de>,
	"Andy Lutomirski" <luto@kernel.org>,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>,
	"James Morse" <james.morse@arm.com>,
	"Thomas Gleixner" <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	"Will Deacon" <will@kernel.org>,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org, "Liang,
	Kan" <kan.liang@linux.intel.com>
Subject: [PATCH v17 20/23] x86: mm: Convert dump_pagetables to use walk_page_range
Date: Wed, 18 Dec 2019 16:23:59 +0000
Message-ID: <20191218162402.45610-21-steven.price@arm.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20191218162402.45610-1-steven.price@arm.com>

Make use of the new functionality in walk_page_range to remove the
arch page walking code and use the generic code to walk the page tables.

The effective permissions are passed down the chain using new fields
in struct pg_state.

The KASAN optimisation is implemented by setting action=CONTINUE in the
callbacks to skip an entire tree of entries.

Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
---
 arch/x86/Kconfig              |   1 +
 arch/x86/Kconfig.debug        |  20 +--
 arch/x86/mm/Makefile          |   4 +-
 arch/x86/mm/dump_pagetables.c | 292 ++++++++--------------------------
 4 files changed, 70 insertions(+), 247 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 5e8949953660..8a9594817874 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -119,6 +119,7 @@ config X86
 	select GENERIC_IRQ_RESERVATION_MODE
 	select GENERIC_IRQ_SHOW
 	select GENERIC_PENDING_IRQ		if SMP
+	select GENERIC_PTDUMP
 	select GENERIC_SMP_IDLE_THREAD
 	select GENERIC_STRNCPY_FROM_USER
 	select GENERIC_STRNLEN_USER
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug b/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
index c4eab8ed33a3..2e74690b028a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
@@ -62,26 +62,10 @@ config EARLY_PRINTK_USB_XDBC
 config MCSAFE_TEST
 	def_bool n
 
-config X86_PTDUMP_CORE
-	def_bool n
-
-config X86_PTDUMP
-	tristate "Export kernel pagetable layout to userspace via debugfs"
-	depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
-	select DEBUG_FS
-	select X86_PTDUMP_CORE
-	---help---
-	  Say Y here if you want to show the kernel pagetable layout in a
-	  debugfs file. This information is only useful for kernel developers
-	  who are working in architecture specific areas of the kernel.
-	  It is probably not a good idea to enable this feature in a production
-	  kernel.
-	  If in doubt, say "N"
-
 config EFI_PGT_DUMP
 	bool "Dump the EFI pagetable"
 	depends on EFI
-	select X86_PTDUMP_CORE
+	select PTDUMP_CORE
 	---help---
 	  Enable this if you want to dump the EFI page table before
 	  enabling virtual mode. This can be used to debug miscellaneous
@@ -90,7 +74,7 @@ config EFI_PGT_DUMP
 
 config DEBUG_WX
 	bool "Warn on W+X mappings at boot"
-	select X86_PTDUMP_CORE
+	select PTDUMP_CORE
 	---help---
 	  Generate a warning if any W+X mappings are found at boot.
 
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/Makefile b/arch/x86/mm/Makefile
index 3b89c201ac26..ad44713b2e1e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/Makefile
@@ -28,8 +28,8 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_X86_PAT)		+= pat_interval.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_X86_32)		+= pgtable_32.o iomap_32.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE)	+= hugetlbpage.o
-obj-$(CONFIG_X86_PTDUMP_CORE)	+= dump_pagetables.o
-obj-$(CONFIG_X86_PTDUMP)	+= debug_pagetables.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_PTDUMP_CORE)	+= dump_pagetables.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_PTDUMP_DEBUGFS)	+= debug_pagetables.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_HIGHMEM)		+= highmem_32.o
 
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/dump_pagetables.c b/arch/x86/mm/dump_pagetables.c
index 2f5f32f21f81..a0b8ffc927bb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/dump_pagetables.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/dump_pagetables.c
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
 #include <linux/highmem.h>
 #include <linux/pci.h>
+#include <linux/ptdump.h>
 
 #include <asm/e820/types.h>
 #include <asm/pgtable.h>
@@ -26,11 +27,12 @@
  * when a "break" in the continuity is found.
  */
 struct pg_state {
+	struct ptdump_state ptdump;
 	int level;
-	pgprot_t current_prot;
+	pgprotval_t current_prot;
 	pgprotval_t effective_prot;
+	pgprotval_t prot_levels[5];
 	unsigned long start_address;
-	unsigned long current_address;
 	const struct addr_marker *marker;
 	unsigned long lines;
 	bool to_dmesg;
@@ -175,9 +177,8 @@ static struct addr_marker address_markers[] = {
 /*
  * Print a readable form of a pgprot_t to the seq_file
  */
-static void printk_prot(struct seq_file *m, pgprot_t prot, int level, bool dmsg)
+static void printk_prot(struct seq_file *m, pgprotval_t pr, int level, bool dmsg)
 {
-	pgprotval_t pr = pgprot_val(prot);
 	static const char * const level_name[] =
 		{ "cr3", "pgd", "p4d", "pud", "pmd", "pte" };
 
@@ -224,24 +225,11 @@ static void printk_prot(struct seq_file *m, pgprot_t prot, int level, bool dmsg)
 	pt_dump_cont_printf(m, dmsg, "%s\n", level_name[level]);
 }
 
-/*
- * On 64 bits, sign-extend the 48 bit address to 64 bit
- */
-static unsigned long normalize_addr(unsigned long u)
-{
-	int shift;
-	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_64))
-		return u;
-
-	shift = 64 - (__VIRTUAL_MASK_SHIFT + 1);
-	return (signed long)(u << shift) >> shift;
-}
-
-static void note_wx(struct pg_state *st)
+static void note_wx(struct pg_state *st, unsigned long addr)
 {
 	unsigned long npages;
 
-	npages = (st->current_address - st->start_address) / PAGE_SIZE;
+	npages = (addr - st->start_address) / PAGE_SIZE;
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_BIOS
 	/*
@@ -249,7 +237,7 @@ static void note_wx(struct pg_state *st)
 	 * Inform about it, but avoid the warning.
 	 */
 	if (pcibios_enabled && st->start_address >= PAGE_OFFSET + BIOS_BEGIN &&
-	    st->current_address <= PAGE_OFFSET + BIOS_END) {
+	    addr <= PAGE_OFFSET + BIOS_END) {
 		pr_warn_once("x86/mm: PCI BIOS W+X mapping %lu pages\n", npages);
 		return;
 	}
@@ -261,25 +249,44 @@ static void note_wx(struct pg_state *st)
 		  (void *)st->start_address);
 }
 
+static inline pgprotval_t effective_prot(pgprotval_t prot1, pgprotval_t prot2)
+{
+	return (prot1 & prot2 & (_PAGE_USER | _PAGE_RW)) |
+	       ((prot1 | prot2) & _PAGE_NX);
+}
+
 /*
  * This function gets called on a break in a continuous series
  * of PTE entries; the next one is different so we need to
  * print what we collected so far.
  */
-static void note_page(struct pg_state *st, pgprot_t new_prot,
-		      pgprotval_t new_eff, int level)
+static void note_page(struct ptdump_state *pt_st, unsigned long addr, int level,
+		      unsigned long val)
 {
-	pgprotval_t prot, cur, eff;
+	struct pg_state *st = container_of(pt_st, struct pg_state, ptdump);
+	pgprotval_t new_prot, new_eff;
+	pgprotval_t cur, eff;
 	static const char units[] = "BKMGTPE";
 	struct seq_file *m = st->seq;
 
+	new_prot = val & PTE_FLAGS_MASK;
+
+	if (level > 1) {
+		new_eff = effective_prot(st->prot_levels[level - 2],
+					 new_prot);
+	} else {
+		new_eff = new_prot;
+	}
+
+	if (level > 0)
+		st->prot_levels[level - 1] = new_eff;
+
 	/*
 	 * If we have a "break" in the series, we need to flush the state that
 	 * we have now. "break" is either changing perms, levels or
 	 * address space marker.
 	 */
-	prot = pgprot_val(new_prot);
-	cur = pgprot_val(st->current_prot);
+	cur = st->current_prot;
 	eff = st->effective_prot;
 
 	if (!st->level) {
@@ -291,14 +298,14 @@ static void note_page(struct pg_state *st, pgprot_t new_prot,
 		st->lines = 0;
 		pt_dump_seq_printf(m, st->to_dmesg, "---[ %s ]---\n",
 				   st->marker->name);
-	} else if (prot != cur || new_eff != eff || level != st->level ||
-		   st->current_address >= st->marker[1].start_address) {
+	} else if (new_prot != cur || new_eff != eff || level != st->level ||
+		   addr >= st->marker[1].start_address) {
 		const char *unit = units;
 		unsigned long delta;
 		int width = sizeof(unsigned long) * 2;
 
 		if (st->check_wx && (eff & _PAGE_RW) && !(eff & _PAGE_NX))
-			note_wx(st);
+			note_wx(st, addr);
 
 		/*
 		 * Now print the actual finished series
@@ -308,9 +315,9 @@ static void note_page(struct pg_state *st, pgprot_t new_prot,
 			pt_dump_seq_printf(m, st->to_dmesg,
 					   "0x%0*lx-0x%0*lx   ",
 					   width, st->start_address,
-					   width, st->current_address);
+					   width, addr);
 
-			delta = st->current_address - st->start_address;
+			delta = addr - st->start_address;
 			while (!(delta & 1023) && unit[1]) {
 				delta >>= 10;
 				unit++;
@@ -327,7 +334,7 @@ static void note_page(struct pg_state *st, pgprot_t new_prot,
 		 * such as the start of vmalloc space etc.
 		 * This helps in the interpretation.
 		 */
-		if (st->current_address >= st->marker[1].start_address) {
+		if (addr >= st->marker[1].start_address) {
 			if (st->marker->max_lines &&
 			    st->lines > st->marker->max_lines) {
 				unsigned long nskip =
@@ -343,217 +350,48 @@ static void note_page(struct pg_state *st, pgprot_t new_prot,
 					   st->marker->name);
 		}
 
-		st->start_address = st->current_address;
+		st->start_address = addr;
 		st->current_prot = new_prot;
 		st->effective_prot = new_eff;
 		st->level = level;
 	}
 }
 
-static inline pgprotval_t effective_prot(pgprotval_t prot1, pgprotval_t prot2)
-{
-	return (prot1 & prot2 & (_PAGE_USER | _PAGE_RW)) |
-	       ((prot1 | prot2) & _PAGE_NX);
-}
-
-static void walk_pte_level(struct pg_state *st, pmd_t addr, pgprotval_t eff_in,
-			   unsigned long P)
-{
-	int i;
-	pte_t *pte;
-	pgprotval_t prot, eff;
-
-	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; i++) {
-		st->current_address = normalize_addr(P + i * PTE_LEVEL_MULT);
-		pte = pte_offset_map(&addr, st->current_address);
-		prot = pte_flags(*pte);
-		eff = effective_prot(eff_in, prot);
-		note_page(st, __pgprot(prot), eff, 5);
-		pte_unmap(pte);
-	}
-}
-#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
-
-/*
- * This is an optimization for KASAN=y case. Since all kasan page tables
- * eventually point to the kasan_early_shadow_page we could call note_page()
- * right away without walking through lower level page tables. This saves
- * us dozens of seconds (minutes for 5-level config) while checking for
- * W+X mapping or reading kernel_page_tables debugfs file.
- */
-static inline bool kasan_page_table(struct pg_state *st, void *pt)
-{
-	if (__pa(pt) == __pa(kasan_early_shadow_pmd) ||
-	    (pgtable_l5_enabled() &&
-			__pa(pt) == __pa(kasan_early_shadow_p4d)) ||
-	    __pa(pt) == __pa(kasan_early_shadow_pud)) {
-		pgprotval_t prot = pte_flags(kasan_early_shadow_pte[0]);
-		note_page(st, __pgprot(prot), 0, 5);
-		return true;
-	}
-	return false;
-}
-#else
-static inline bool kasan_page_table(struct pg_state *st, void *pt)
-{
-	return false;
-}
-#endif
-
-#if PTRS_PER_PMD > 1
-
-static void walk_pmd_level(struct pg_state *st, pud_t addr,
-			   pgprotval_t eff_in, unsigned long P)
-{
-	int i;
-	pmd_t *start, *pmd_start;
-	pgprotval_t prot, eff;
-
-	pmd_start = start = (pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(addr);
-	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PMD; i++) {
-		st->current_address = normalize_addr(P + i * PMD_LEVEL_MULT);
-		if (!pmd_none(*start)) {
-			prot = pmd_flags(*start);
-			eff = effective_prot(eff_in, prot);
-			if (pmd_large(*start) || !pmd_present(*start)) {
-				note_page(st, __pgprot(prot), eff, 4);
-			} else if (!kasan_page_table(st, pmd_start)) {
-				walk_pte_level(st, *start, eff,
-					       P + i * PMD_LEVEL_MULT);
-			}
-		} else
-			note_page(st, __pgprot(0), 0, 4);
-		start++;
-	}
-}
-
-#else
-#define walk_pmd_level(s,a,e,p) walk_pte_level(s,__pmd(pud_val(a)),e,p)
-#define pud_large(a) pmd_large(__pmd(pud_val(a)))
-#define pud_none(a)  pmd_none(__pmd(pud_val(a)))
-#endif
-
-#if PTRS_PER_PUD > 1
-
-static void walk_pud_level(struct pg_state *st, p4d_t addr, pgprotval_t eff_in,
-			   unsigned long P)
+static void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_core(struct seq_file *m, pgd_t *pgd,
+				       bool checkwx, bool dmesg)
 {
-	int i;
-	pud_t *start, *pud_start;
-	pgprotval_t prot, eff;
-
-	pud_start = start = (pud_t *)p4d_page_vaddr(addr);
-
-	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PUD; i++) {
-		st->current_address = normalize_addr(P + i * PUD_LEVEL_MULT);
-		if (!pud_none(*start)) {
-			prot = pud_flags(*start);
-			eff = effective_prot(eff_in, prot);
-			if (pud_large(*start) || !pud_present(*start)) {
-				note_page(st, __pgprot(prot), eff, 3);
-			} else if (!kasan_page_table(st, pud_start)) {
-				walk_pmd_level(st, *start, eff,
-					       P + i * PUD_LEVEL_MULT);
-			}
-		} else
-			note_page(st, __pgprot(0), 0, 3);
+	const struct ptdump_range ptdump_ranges[] = {
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
 
-		start++;
-	}
-}
+#define normalize_addr_shift (64 - (__VIRTUAL_MASK_SHIFT + 1))
+#define normalize_addr(u) ((signed long)((u) << normalize_addr_shift) >> \
+			   normalize_addr_shift)
 
+	{0, PTRS_PER_PGD * PGD_LEVEL_MULT / 2},
+	{normalize_addr(PTRS_PER_PGD * PGD_LEVEL_MULT / 2), ~0UL},
 #else
-#define walk_pud_level(s,a,e,p) walk_pmd_level(s,__pud(p4d_val(a)),e,p)
-#define p4d_large(a) pud_large(__pud(p4d_val(a)))
-#define p4d_none(a)  pud_none(__pud(p4d_val(a)))
+	{0, ~0UL},
 #endif
+	{0, 0}
+};
 
-static void walk_p4d_level(struct pg_state *st, pgd_t addr, pgprotval_t eff_in,
-			   unsigned long P)
-{
-	int i;
-	p4d_t *start, *p4d_start;
-	pgprotval_t prot, eff;
-
-	if (PTRS_PER_P4D == 1)
-		return walk_pud_level(st, __p4d(pgd_val(addr)), eff_in, P);
-
-	p4d_start = start = (p4d_t *)pgd_page_vaddr(addr);
-
-	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_P4D; i++) {
-		st->current_address = normalize_addr(P + i * P4D_LEVEL_MULT);
-		if (!p4d_none(*start)) {
-			prot = p4d_flags(*start);
-			eff = effective_prot(eff_in, prot);
-			if (p4d_large(*start) || !p4d_present(*start)) {
-				note_page(st, __pgprot(prot), eff, 2);
-			} else if (!kasan_page_table(st, p4d_start)) {
-				walk_pud_level(st, *start, eff,
-					       P + i * P4D_LEVEL_MULT);
-			}
-		} else
-			note_page(st, __pgprot(0), 0, 2);
-
-		start++;
-	}
-}
+	struct pg_state st = {
+		.ptdump = {
+			.note_page	= note_page,
+			.range		= ptdump_ranges
+		},
+		.to_dmesg	= dmesg,
+		.check_wx	= checkwx,
+		.seq		= m
+	};
 
-#define pgd_large(a) (pgtable_l5_enabled() ? pgd_large(a) : p4d_large(__p4d(pgd_val(a))))
-#define pgd_none(a)  (pgtable_l5_enabled() ? pgd_none(a) : p4d_none(__p4d(pgd_val(a))))
+	struct mm_struct fake_mm = {
+		.pgd = pgd
+	};
+	init_rwsem(&fake_mm.mmap_sem);
 
-static inline bool is_hypervisor_range(int idx)
-{
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-	/*
-	 * A hole in the beginning of kernel address space reserved
-	 * for a hypervisor.
-	 */
-	return	(idx >= pgd_index(GUARD_HOLE_BASE_ADDR)) &&
-		(idx <  pgd_index(GUARD_HOLE_END_ADDR));
-#else
-	return false;
-#endif
-}
-
-static void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_core(struct seq_file *m, pgd_t *pgd,
-				       bool checkwx, bool dmesg)
-{
-	pgd_t *start = pgd;
-	pgprotval_t prot, eff;
-	int i;
-	struct pg_state st = {};
-
-	st.to_dmesg = dmesg;
-	st.check_wx = checkwx;
-	st.seq = m;
-	if (checkwx)
-		st.wx_pages = 0;
-
-	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PGD; i++) {
-		st.current_address = normalize_addr(i * PGD_LEVEL_MULT);
-		if (!pgd_none(*start) && !is_hypervisor_range(i)) {
-			prot = pgd_flags(*start);
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
-			eff = _PAGE_USER | _PAGE_RW;
-#else
-			eff = prot;
-#endif
-			if (pgd_large(*start) || !pgd_present(*start)) {
-				note_page(&st, __pgprot(prot), eff, 1);
-			} else {
-				walk_p4d_level(&st, *start, eff,
-					       i * PGD_LEVEL_MULT);
-			}
-		} else
-			note_page(&st, __pgprot(0), 0, 1);
-
-		cond_resched();
-		start++;
-	}
+	ptdump_walk_pgd(&st.ptdump, &fake_mm);
 
-	/* Flush out the last page */
-	st.current_address = normalize_addr(PTRS_PER_PGD*PGD_LEVEL_MULT);
-	note_page(&st, __pgprot(0), 0, 0);
 	if (!checkwx)
 		return;
 	if (st.wx_pages)
-- 
2.20.1


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  parent reply index

Thread overview: 34+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-12-18 16:23 [PATCH v17 00/23] Generic page walk and ptdump Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 01/23] mm: Add generic p?d_leaf() macros Steven Price
2019-12-19 11:43   ` Michael Ellerman
2019-12-20 11:48     ` Steven Price
2019-12-21 10:35       ` Michael Ellerman
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 02/23] arc: mm: Add p?d_leaf() definitions Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 03/23] arm: " Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 04/23] arm64: " Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 05/23] mips: " Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 06/23] powerpc: " Steven Price
2019-12-19 11:49   ` Michael Ellerman
2019-12-20 11:53     ` Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 07/23] riscv: " Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 08/23] s390: " Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 09/23] sparc: " Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 10/23] x86: " Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 11/23] mm: pagewalk: Add p4d_entry() and pgd_entry() Steven Price
2019-12-19 14:25   ` Thomas Hellström (VMware)
2019-12-20 15:35     ` Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 12/23] mm: pagewalk: Allow walking without vma Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 13/23] mm: pagewalk: Don't lock PTEs for walk_page_range_novma() Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 14/23] mm: pagewalk: fix termination condition in walk_pte_range() Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 15/23] mm: pagewalk: Add 'depth' parameter to pte_hole Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 16/23] x86: mm: Point to struct seq_file from struct pg_state Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 17/23] x86: mm+efi: Convert ptdump_walk_pgd_level() to take a mm_struct Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 18/23] x86: mm: Convert ptdump_walk_pgd_level_debugfs() to take an mm_struct Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` [PATCH v17 19/23] mm: Add generic ptdump Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:23 ` Steven Price [this message]
2019-12-18 16:24 ` [PATCH v17 21/23] arm64: mm: Convert mm/dump.c to use walk_page_range() Steven Price
2020-02-16 16:25   ` Ard Biesheuvel
2020-02-17 10:01     ` Steven Price
2020-02-17 10:16       ` Ard Biesheuvel
2019-12-18 16:24 ` [PATCH v17 22/23] arm64: mm: Display non-present entries in ptdump Steven Price
2019-12-18 16:24 ` [PATCH v17 23/23] mm: ptdump: Reduce level numbers by 1 in note_page() Steven Price

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