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From: Bhupesh Sharma <bhsharma@redhat.com>
To: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>,
	ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org, catalin.marinas@arm.com,
	kexec@lists.infradead.org, Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>,
	AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org>,
	bhupesh.linux@gmail.com, linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH] arm64, vmcoreinfo : Append 'MAX_USER_VA_BITS' and 'MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS' to vmcoreinfo
Date: Thu, 31 Jan 2019 03:09:24 +0530
Message-ID: <86c0dd9f-a55b-8ce8-69ca-893f63087d1a@redhat.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <239cdca4-1c7d-f236-f4a9-a0a3fe98f966@arm.com>

Hi James,

Thanks for review.
Please see my comments inline.


On 01/30/2019 08:51 PM, James Morse wrote:
> Hi Bhupesh,
> 
> On 01/30/2019 12:23 PM, Bhupesh Sharma wrote:
>> With ARMv8.2-LVA and LPA architecture extensions, arm64 hardware which
>> supports these extensions can support upto 52-bit virtual and 52-bit
>> physical addresses respectively.
>>
>> Since at the moment we enable the support of these extensions via CONFIG
>> flags, e.g.
>>   - LPA via CONFIG_ARM64_PA_BITS_52
>>
>> there are no clear mechanisms in user-space right now to
>> deteremine these CONFIG flag values and also determine the PARange and
>> VARange address values.
>> User-space tools like 'makedumpfile' and 'crash-utility' can instead
>> use the 'MAX_USER_VA_BITS' and 'MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS' values to determine
>> the maximum virtual address and physical address (respectively)
>> supported by underlying kernel.
>>
>> A reference 'makedumpfile' implementation which uses this approach to
>> determining the maximum physical address is available in [0].
> 
> Why does it need to know?
> 
> (Suzuki asked the same question on your earlier version)
> https://lore.kernel.org/linux-arm-kernel/cff44754-7fe4-efea-bc8e-4dde2277c821@arm.com/ 

I have shared some details (after discussion with our test teams) in 
reply to the review comments from Suzuki here:
http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/kexec/2019-January/022389.html, and
http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/kexec/2019-January/022390.html

Just to summarize, I mentioned in my replies to the review comments tha 
the makedumpfile implementation (for decoding the PTE) was just as an 
example, however there can be other user-space applications, for e.g a 
user-space application running with 48-bit kernel VA and 52-bit user 
space VA and requesting allocation in 'high' address via a 'hint' to mmap.

>  From your github link it looks like you use this to re-assemble the two 
> bits of the PFN from the pte. Can't you always do this for 64K pages? 
> CPUs with the feature always do this too, its not something the kernel 
> turns on.

Ok, let me try to give some perspective of a common makedumpfile 
use-case before I jump into the details:

(a) makedumpfile tool can be used to generate a vmcore and analyze it 
later. So for example we can create vmcore for a system running with 
page-size = 64K and analyze it later on a different system using 
page-size = 4K.

Since several makedumpfile code legs (for page-table walk) are common in 
both the paths (creating a vmcore and analyzing a vmcore), we cannot 
hardcode the PTE calculation masks for either 48-bit or 52-bit address 
spaces (or 4K/64K page sizes). The example invocations for the two cases 
is given below:

Create a vmcore dump on a 64K machine:
# makedumpfile -l --message-level 1 -d 31 /proc/vmcore vmcore

Analyze the vmcore dump on a 4K machine:
# makedumpfile -d 31 -x vmlinux vmcore dumpfile

Also hardcoding the PTE calculation to use the high address bit mask 
always will break the backward compatibility with older kernels (which 
don't support 52-bit address space extensions).

(b). Also x86_64 already has a vmcoreinfo export for 'pgtable_l5_enabled':

void arch_crash_save_vmcoreinfo(void)
{
	<.. snip..>
	vmcoreinfo_append_str("NUMBER(pgtable_l5_enabled)=%d\n",
			pgtable_l5_enabled());
}

And the makedumpfile code uses the same to determine support for 5-level 
page tables in x86_64, see 
<https://github.com/bhupesh-sharma/makedumpfile/blob/52-bit-pa-support-via-vmcore-v1/arch/x86_64.c#L36> 
for example.

Thanks,
Bhupesh

> 
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/crash_core.c 
>> b/arch/arm64/kernel/crash_core.c
>> index ca4c3e12d8c5..ad231be5c0d8 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/crash_core.c
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/crash_core.c
>> @@ -10,6 +10,8 @@
>>   void arch_crash_save_vmcoreinfo(void)
>>   {
>>       VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(VA_BITS);
>> +    VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(MAX_USER_VA_BITS);
>> +    VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS);
>>       /* Please note VMCOREINFO_NUMBER() uses "%d", not "%x" */
>>       vmcoreinfo_append_str("NUMBER(kimage_voffset)=0x%llx\n",
>>                           kimage_voffset);
>>
> 


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  reply index

Thread overview: 29+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-01-30 12:23 Bhupesh Sharma
2019-01-30 15:21 ` James Morse
2019-01-30 21:39   ` Bhupesh Sharma [this message]
2019-02-04 14:35     ` Bhupesh Sharma
2019-02-04 15:31       ` Robin Murphy
2019-02-12  4:55         ` Bhupesh Sharma
2019-02-12 10:49           ` Robin Murphy
2019-02-04 16:56       ` James Morse
2019-01-31  1:48 ` Dave Young
2019-01-31 10:00   ` Bhupesh Sharma
2019-01-31 14:03   ` Dave Anderson
2019-02-04 16:04   ` Kazuhito Hagio
2019-02-12  5:07     ` Bhupesh Sharma
2019-02-12 10:44       ` Dave Young
2019-02-12 19:59         ` Bhupesh Sharma
2019-02-12 23:03           ` Kazuhito Hagio
2019-02-13 11:15             ` Dave Young
2019-02-13 18:22               ` James Morse
2019-02-13 19:52                 ` Kazuhito Hagio
2019-02-15 17:34                   ` James Morse
2019-02-15 18:01                     ` Bhupesh Sharma
2019-02-18 15:27                       ` Steve Capper
2019-02-21 16:08                         ` Bhupesh Sharma
2019-02-19 20:47                       ` Kazuhito Hagio
2019-02-21 16:20                         ` Bhupesh Sharma
2019-02-21 16:42                           ` Dave Anderson
2019-02-21 19:02                             ` Kazuhito Hagio
2019-03-01  4:01                               ` Bhupesh Sharma
2019-02-14 19:30                 ` Bhupesh Sharma

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