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* [PATCH] spi: Avoid setting the chip select if we don't need to
@ 2020-06-29 23:41 Douglas Anderson
  2020-07-01  6:26 ` Ardelean, Alexandru
  2020-07-01 22:24 ` Mark Brown
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Douglas Anderson @ 2020-06-29 23:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Mark Brown
  Cc: Alexandru Ardelean, Benson Leung, linux-arm-msm,
	Enric Balletbo i Serra, swboyd, Douglas Anderson, linux-kernel,

On some SPI controllers (like spi-geni-qcom) setting the chip select
is a heavy operation.  For instance on spi-geni-qcom, with the current
code, is was measured as taking upwards of 20 us.  Even on SPI
controllers that aren't as heavy, setting the chip select is at least
something like a MMIO operation over some peripheral bus which isn't
as fast as a RAM access.

While it would be good to find ways to mitigate problems like this in
the drivers for those SPI controllers, it can also be noted that the
SPI framework could also help out.  Specifically, in some situations,
we can see the SPI framework calling the driver's set_cs() with the
same parameter several times in a row.  This is specifically observed
when looking at the way the Chrome OS EC SPI driver (cros_ec_spi)
works but other drivers likely trip it to some extent.

Let's solve this by caching the chip select state in the core and only
calling into the controller if there was a change.  We check not only
the "enable" state but also the chip select mode (active high or
active low) since controllers may care about both the mode and the
enable flag in their callback.

Signed-off-by: Douglas Anderson <>

 drivers/spi/spi.c       | 11 +++++++++++
 include/linux/spi/spi.h |  4 ++++
 2 files changed, 15 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/spi/spi.c b/drivers/spi/spi.c
index 6fa56590bba2..d4ba723a30da 100644
--- a/drivers/spi/spi.c
+++ b/drivers/spi/spi.c
@@ -778,6 +778,17 @@ static void spi_set_cs(struct spi_device *spi, bool enable)
 	bool enable1 = enable;
+	/*
+	 * Avoid calling into the driver (or doing delays) if the chip select
+	 * isn't actually changing from the last time this was called.
+	 */
+	if ((spi->controller->last_cs_enable == enable) &&
+	    (spi->controller->last_cs_mode_high == (spi->mode & SPI_CS_HIGH)))
+		return;
+	spi->controller->last_cs_enable = enable;
+	spi->controller->last_cs_mode_high = spi->mode & SPI_CS_HIGH;
 	if (!spi->controller->set_cs_timing) {
 		if (enable1)
 			spi_delay_exec(&spi->controller->cs_setup, NULL);
diff --git a/include/linux/spi/spi.h b/include/linux/spi/spi.h
index b4917df79637..0e67a9a3a1d3 100644
--- a/include/linux/spi/spi.h
+++ b/include/linux/spi/spi.h
@@ -368,6 +368,8 @@ static inline void spi_unregister_driver(struct spi_driver *sdrv)
  * @cur_msg_prepared: spi_prepare_message was called for the currently
  *                    in-flight message
  * @cur_msg_mapped: message has been mapped for DMA
+ * @last_cs_enable: was enable true on the last call to set_cs.
+ * @last_cs_mode_high: was (mode & SPI_CS_HIGH) true on the last call to set_cs.
  * @xfer_completion: used by core transfer_one_message()
  * @busy: message pump is busy
  * @running: message pump is running
@@ -604,6 +606,8 @@ struct spi_controller {
 	bool				auto_runtime_pm;
 	bool                            cur_msg_prepared;
 	bool				cur_msg_mapped;
+	bool				last_cs_enable;
+	bool				last_cs_mode_high;
 	bool                            fallback;
 	struct completion               xfer_completion;
 	size_t				max_dma_len;

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

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2020-06-29 23:41 [PATCH] spi: Avoid setting the chip select if we don't need to Douglas Anderson
2020-07-01  6:26 ` Ardelean, Alexandru
2020-07-01  9:33   ` Mark Brown
2020-07-01 22:24 ` Mark Brown

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