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* [PATCH V7 0/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch from scheduler
@ 2020-06-30 10:24 Ming Lei
  2020-06-30 10:24 ` [PATCH V7 1/6] blk-mq: pass request queue into get/put budget callback Ming Lei
                   ` (6 more replies)
  0 siblings, 7 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Ming Lei @ 2020-06-30 10:24 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jens Axboe
  Cc: linux-block, Ming Lei, Sagi Grimberg, Baolin Wang, Christoph Hellwig

Hi Jens,

More and more drivers want to get batching requests queued from
block layer, such as mmc[1], and tcp based storage drivers[2]. Also
current in-tree users have virtio-scsi, virtio-blk and nvme.

For none, we already support batching dispatch.

But for io scheduler, every time we just take one request from scheduler
and pass the single request to blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(). This way makes
batching dispatch not possible when io scheduler is applied. One reason
is that we don't want to hurt sequential IO performance, becasue IO
merge chance is reduced if more requests are dequeued from scheduler
queue.

Tries to start the support by dequeuing more requests from scheduler
if budget is enough and device isn't busy.

Simple fio test over virtio-scsi shows IO can get improved by 5~10%.

Baolin has tested previous versions and found performance on MMC can be improved.

Patch 1 ~ 4 are improvement and cleanup, which can't applied without
supporting batching dispatch.

Patch 5 ~ 6 starts to support batching dispatch from scheduler.


[1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-block/20200512075501.GF1531898@T590/#r
[2] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-block/fe6bd8b9-6ed9-b225-f80c-314746133722@grimberg.me/

V7:
	- add reviewed-by tag
	- take Christoph's suggestion about implementation on 6/6

V6:
	- rebase on for-5.9/block, only 1st patch is changed

V5:
	- code style changes suggested by Damien

V4:
	- fix releasing budgets and avoids IO hang(5/6)
	- dispatch more batches if the device can accept more(6/6)
	- verified by running more tests

V3:
	- add reviewed-by tag
	- fix one typo
	- fix one budget leak issue in case that .queue_rq returned *_RESOURCE in 5/6

V2:
	- remove 'got_budget' from blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list
	- drop patch for getting driver tag & handling partial dispatch

Ming Lei (6):
  blk-mq: pass request queue into get/put budget callback
  blk-mq: pass hctx to blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list
  blk-mq: move getting driver tag and budget into one helper
  blk-mq: remove dead check from blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list
  blk-mq: pass obtained budget count to blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list
  blk-mq: support batching dispatch in case of io

 block/blk-mq-sched.c    | 103 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 block/blk-mq.c          | 110 +++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
 block/blk-mq.h          |  15 +++---
 drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c |   8 ++-
 include/linux/blk-mq.h  |   4 +-
 5 files changed, 168 insertions(+), 72 deletions(-)

Cc: Sagi Grimberg <sagi@grimberg.me>
Cc: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
-- 
2.25.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [PATCH V7 1/6] blk-mq: pass request queue into get/put budget callback
  2020-06-30 10:24 [PATCH V7 0/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch from scheduler Ming Lei
@ 2020-06-30 10:24 ` Ming Lei
  2020-06-30 10:24 ` [PATCH V7 2/6] blk-mq: pass hctx to blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list Ming Lei
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  6 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Ming Lei @ 2020-06-30 10:24 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jens Axboe
  Cc: linux-block, Ming Lei, Sagi Grimberg, Baolin Wang,
	Christoph Hellwig, Douglas Anderson, Johannes Thumshirn,
	Christoph Hellwig

blk-mq budget is abstract from scsi's device queue depth, and it is
always per-request-queue instead of hctx.

It can be quite absurd to get a budget from one hctx, then dequeue a
request from scheduler queue, and this request may not belong to this
hctx, at least for bfq and deadline.

So fix the mess and always pass request queue to get/put budget
callback.

Cc: Sagi Grimberg <sagi@grimberg.me>
Cc: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Douglas Anderson <dianders@chromium.org>
Reviewed-by: Johannes Thumshirn <johannes.thumshirn@wdc.com>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Reviewed-by: Douglas Anderson <dianders@chromium.org>
Reviewed-by: Sagi Grimberg <sagi@grimberg.me>
Tested-by: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@redhat.com>
---
 block/blk-mq-sched.c    |  8 ++++----
 block/blk-mq.c          |  8 ++++----
 block/blk-mq.h          | 12 ++++--------
 drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c |  8 +++-----
 include/linux/blk-mq.h  |  4 ++--
 5 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/blk-mq-sched.c b/block/blk-mq-sched.c
index fdcc2c1dd178..a31e281e9d31 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq-sched.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq-sched.c
@@ -108,12 +108,12 @@ static int blk_mq_do_dispatch_sched(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
 			break;
 		}
 
-		if (!blk_mq_get_dispatch_budget(hctx))
+		if (!blk_mq_get_dispatch_budget(q))
 			break;
 
 		rq = e->type->ops.dispatch_request(hctx);
 		if (!rq) {
-			blk_mq_put_dispatch_budget(hctx);
+			blk_mq_put_dispatch_budget(q);
 			/*
 			 * We're releasing without dispatching. Holding the
 			 * budget could have blocked any "hctx"s with the
@@ -173,12 +173,12 @@ static int blk_mq_do_dispatch_ctx(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
 		if (!sbitmap_any_bit_set(&hctx->ctx_map))
 			break;
 
-		if (!blk_mq_get_dispatch_budget(hctx))
+		if (!blk_mq_get_dispatch_budget(q))
 			break;
 
 		rq = blk_mq_dequeue_from_ctx(hctx, ctx);
 		if (!rq) {
-			blk_mq_put_dispatch_budget(hctx);
+			blk_mq_put_dispatch_budget(q);
 			/*
 			 * We're releasing without dispatching. Holding the
 			 * budget could have blocked any "hctx"s with the
diff --git a/block/blk-mq.c b/block/blk-mq.c
index 4c3a3e1224b4..4b143c1c0c8d 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq.c
@@ -1340,7 +1340,7 @@ bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct request_queue *q, struct list_head *list,
 		rq = list_first_entry(list, struct request, queuelist);
 
 		hctx = rq->mq_hctx;
-		if (!got_budget && !blk_mq_get_dispatch_budget(hctx)) {
+		if (!got_budget && !blk_mq_get_dispatch_budget(q)) {
 			blk_mq_put_driver_tag(rq);
 			no_budget_avail = true;
 			break;
@@ -1355,7 +1355,7 @@ bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct request_queue *q, struct list_head *list,
 			 * we'll re-run it below.
 			 */
 			if (!blk_mq_mark_tag_wait(hctx, rq)) {
-				blk_mq_put_dispatch_budget(hctx);
+				blk_mq_put_dispatch_budget(q);
 				/*
 				 * For non-shared tags, the RESTART check
 				 * will suffice.
@@ -2003,11 +2003,11 @@ static blk_status_t __blk_mq_try_issue_directly(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx,
 	if (q->elevator && !bypass_insert)
 		goto insert;
 
-	if (!blk_mq_get_dispatch_budget(hctx))
+	if (!blk_mq_get_dispatch_budget(q))
 		goto insert;
 
 	if (!blk_mq_get_driver_tag(rq)) {
-		blk_mq_put_dispatch_budget(hctx);
+		blk_mq_put_dispatch_budget(q);
 		goto insert;
 	}
 
diff --git a/block/blk-mq.h b/block/blk-mq.h
index a62ca18b5bde..462890966758 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq.h
+++ b/block/blk-mq.h
@@ -179,20 +179,16 @@ unsigned int blk_mq_in_flight(struct request_queue *q, struct hd_struct *part);
 void blk_mq_in_flight_rw(struct request_queue *q, struct hd_struct *part,
 			 unsigned int inflight[2]);
 
-static inline void blk_mq_put_dispatch_budget(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
+static inline void blk_mq_put_dispatch_budget(struct request_queue *q)
 {
-	struct request_queue *q = hctx->queue;
-
 	if (q->mq_ops->put_budget)
-		q->mq_ops->put_budget(hctx);
+		q->mq_ops->put_budget(q);
 }
 
-static inline bool blk_mq_get_dispatch_budget(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
+static inline bool blk_mq_get_dispatch_budget(struct request_queue *q)
 {
-	struct request_queue *q = hctx->queue;
-
 	if (q->mq_ops->get_budget)
-		return q->mq_ops->get_budget(hctx);
+		return q->mq_ops->get_budget(q);
 	return true;
 }
 
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c b/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c
index 6ca91d09eca1..534b85e87c80 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c
@@ -1597,17 +1597,15 @@ static void scsi_mq_done(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
 	blk_mq_complete_request(cmd->request);
 }
 
-static void scsi_mq_put_budget(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
+static void scsi_mq_put_budget(struct request_queue *q)
 {
-	struct request_queue *q = hctx->queue;
 	struct scsi_device *sdev = q->queuedata;
 
 	atomic_dec(&sdev->device_busy);
 }
 
-static bool scsi_mq_get_budget(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
+static bool scsi_mq_get_budget(struct request_queue *q)
 {
-	struct request_queue *q = hctx->queue;
 	struct scsi_device *sdev = q->queuedata;
 
 	return scsi_dev_queue_ready(q, sdev);
@@ -1674,7 +1672,7 @@ static blk_status_t scsi_queue_rq(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx,
 	if (scsi_target(sdev)->can_queue > 0)
 		atomic_dec(&scsi_target(sdev)->target_busy);
 out_put_budget:
-	scsi_mq_put_budget(hctx);
+	scsi_mq_put_budget(q);
 	switch (ret) {
 	case BLK_STS_OK:
 		break;
diff --git a/include/linux/blk-mq.h b/include/linux/blk-mq.h
index 1641ec6cd7e5..e19efe43b57e 100644
--- a/include/linux/blk-mq.h
+++ b/include/linux/blk-mq.h
@@ -270,8 +270,8 @@ struct blk_mq_queue_data {
 typedef blk_status_t (queue_rq_fn)(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *,
 		const struct blk_mq_queue_data *);
 typedef void (commit_rqs_fn)(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *);
-typedef bool (get_budget_fn)(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *);
-typedef void (put_budget_fn)(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *);
+typedef bool (get_budget_fn)(struct request_queue *);
+typedef void (put_budget_fn)(struct request_queue *);
 typedef enum blk_eh_timer_return (timeout_fn)(struct request *, bool);
 typedef int (init_hctx_fn)(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *, void *, unsigned int);
 typedef void (exit_hctx_fn)(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *, unsigned int);
-- 
2.25.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [PATCH V7 2/6] blk-mq: pass hctx to blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list
  2020-06-30 10:24 [PATCH V7 0/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch from scheduler Ming Lei
  2020-06-30 10:24 ` [PATCH V7 1/6] blk-mq: pass request queue into get/put budget callback Ming Lei
@ 2020-06-30 10:24 ` Ming Lei
  2020-06-30 10:24 ` [PATCH V7 3/6] blk-mq: move getting driver tag and budget into one helper Ming Lei
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  6 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Ming Lei @ 2020-06-30 10:24 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jens Axboe
  Cc: linux-block, Ming Lei, Sagi Grimberg, Baolin Wang,
	Christoph Hellwig, Christoph Hellwig, Johannes Thumshirn

All requests in the 'list' of blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list belong to same
hctx, so it is better to pass hctx instead of request queue, because
blk-mq's dispatch target is hctx instead of request queue.

Cc: Sagi Grimberg <sagi@grimberg.me>
Cc: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Reviewed-by: Sagi Grimberg <sagi@grimberg.me>
Reviewed-by: Johannes Thumshirn <johannes.thumshirn@wdc.com>
Tested-by: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@redhat.com>
---
 block/blk-mq-sched.c | 14 ++++++--------
 block/blk-mq.c       |  6 +++---
 block/blk-mq.h       |  2 +-
 3 files changed, 10 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/blk-mq-sched.c b/block/blk-mq-sched.c
index a31e281e9d31..632c6f8b63f7 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq-sched.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq-sched.c
@@ -96,10 +96,9 @@ static int blk_mq_do_dispatch_sched(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
 	struct elevator_queue *e = q->elevator;
 	LIST_HEAD(rq_list);
 	int ret = 0;
+	struct request *rq;
 
 	do {
-		struct request *rq;
-
 		if (e->type->ops.has_work && !e->type->ops.has_work(hctx))
 			break;
 
@@ -131,7 +130,7 @@ static int blk_mq_do_dispatch_sched(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
 		 * in blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list().
 		 */
 		list_add(&rq->queuelist, &rq_list);
-	} while (blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(q, &rq_list, true));
+	} while (blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(rq->mq_hctx, &rq_list, true));
 
 	return ret;
 }
@@ -161,10 +160,9 @@ static int blk_mq_do_dispatch_ctx(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
 	LIST_HEAD(rq_list);
 	struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx = READ_ONCE(hctx->dispatch_from);
 	int ret = 0;
+	struct request *rq;
 
 	do {
-		struct request *rq;
-
 		if (!list_empty_careful(&hctx->dispatch)) {
 			ret = -EAGAIN;
 			break;
@@ -200,7 +198,7 @@ static int blk_mq_do_dispatch_ctx(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
 		/* round robin for fair dispatch */
 		ctx = blk_mq_next_ctx(hctx, rq->mq_ctx);
 
-	} while (blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(q, &rq_list, true));
+	} while (blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(rq->mq_hctx, &rq_list, true));
 
 	WRITE_ONCE(hctx->dispatch_from, ctx);
 	return ret;
@@ -240,7 +238,7 @@ static int __blk_mq_sched_dispatch_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
 	 */
 	if (!list_empty(&rq_list)) {
 		blk_mq_sched_mark_restart_hctx(hctx);
-		if (blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(q, &rq_list, false)) {
+		if (blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(hctx, &rq_list, false)) {
 			if (has_sched_dispatch)
 				ret = blk_mq_do_dispatch_sched(hctx);
 			else
@@ -253,7 +251,7 @@ static int __blk_mq_sched_dispatch_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
 		ret = blk_mq_do_dispatch_ctx(hctx);
 	} else {
 		blk_mq_flush_busy_ctxs(hctx, &rq_list);
-		blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(q, &rq_list, false);
+		blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(hctx, &rq_list, false);
 	}
 
 	return ret;
diff --git a/block/blk-mq.c b/block/blk-mq.c
index 4b143c1c0c8d..2a1ce2990b83 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq.c
@@ -1314,10 +1314,10 @@ static void blk_mq_handle_zone_resource(struct request *rq,
 /*
  * Returns true if we did some work AND can potentially do more.
  */
-bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct request_queue *q, struct list_head *list,
+bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *list,
 			     bool got_budget)
 {
-	struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx;
+	struct request_queue *q = hctx->queue;
 	struct request *rq, *nxt;
 	bool no_tag = false;
 	int errors, queued;
@@ -1339,7 +1339,7 @@ bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct request_queue *q, struct list_head *list,
 
 		rq = list_first_entry(list, struct request, queuelist);
 
-		hctx = rq->mq_hctx;
+		WARN_ON_ONCE(hctx != rq->mq_hctx);
 		if (!got_budget && !blk_mq_get_dispatch_budget(q)) {
 			blk_mq_put_driver_tag(rq);
 			no_budget_avail = true;
diff --git a/block/blk-mq.h b/block/blk-mq.h
index 462890966758..c29721c8a92e 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq.h
+++ b/block/blk-mq.h
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@ struct blk_mq_ctx {
 void blk_mq_exit_queue(struct request_queue *q);
 int blk_mq_update_nr_requests(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int nr);
 void blk_mq_wake_waiters(struct request_queue *q);
-bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct request_queue *, struct list_head *, bool);
+bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *, bool);
 void blk_mq_add_to_requeue_list(struct request *rq, bool at_head,
 				bool kick_requeue_list);
 void blk_mq_flush_busy_ctxs(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *list);
-- 
2.25.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [PATCH V7 3/6] blk-mq: move getting driver tag and budget into one helper
  2020-06-30 10:24 [PATCH V7 0/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch from scheduler Ming Lei
  2020-06-30 10:24 ` [PATCH V7 1/6] blk-mq: pass request queue into get/put budget callback Ming Lei
  2020-06-30 10:24 ` [PATCH V7 2/6] blk-mq: pass hctx to blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list Ming Lei
@ 2020-06-30 10:24 ` Ming Lei
  2020-06-30 10:24 ` [PATCH V7 4/6] blk-mq: remove dead check from blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list Ming Lei
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  6 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Ming Lei @ 2020-06-30 10:24 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jens Axboe
  Cc: linux-block, Ming Lei, Sagi Grimberg, Baolin Wang,
	Christoph Hellwig, Johannes Thumshirn

Move code for getting driver tag and budget into one helper, so
blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list gets a bit simplified, and easier to read.

Meantime move updating of 'no_tag' and 'no_budget_available' into
the branch for handling partial dispatch because that is exactly
consumer of the two local variables.

Also rename the parameter of 'got_budget' as 'ask_budget'.

No functional change.

Cc: Sagi Grimberg <sagi@grimberg.me>
Cc: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Sagi Grimberg <sagi@grimberg.me>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Johannes Thumshirn <johannes.thumshirn@wdc.com>
Tested-by: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@redhat.com>
---
 block/blk-mq.c | 66 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
 1 file changed, 40 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/blk-mq.c b/block/blk-mq.c
index 2a1ce2990b83..39a2332e32ac 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq.c
@@ -1311,18 +1311,50 @@ static void blk_mq_handle_zone_resource(struct request *rq,
 	__blk_mq_requeue_request(rq);
 }
 
+enum prep_dispatch {
+	PREP_DISPATCH_OK,
+	PREP_DISPATCH_NO_TAG,
+	PREP_DISPATCH_NO_BUDGET,
+};
+
+static enum prep_dispatch blk_mq_prep_dispatch_rq(struct request *rq,
+						  bool need_budget)
+{
+	struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx = rq->mq_hctx;
+
+	if (need_budget && !blk_mq_get_dispatch_budget(rq->q)) {
+		blk_mq_put_driver_tag(rq);
+		return PREP_DISPATCH_NO_BUDGET;
+	}
+
+	if (!blk_mq_get_driver_tag(rq)) {
+		/*
+		 * The initial allocation attempt failed, so we need to
+		 * rerun the hardware queue when a tag is freed. The
+		 * waitqueue takes care of that. If the queue is run
+		 * before we add this entry back on the dispatch list,
+		 * we'll re-run it below.
+		 */
+		if (!blk_mq_mark_tag_wait(hctx, rq)) {
+			blk_mq_put_dispatch_budget(rq->q);
+			return PREP_DISPATCH_NO_TAG;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return PREP_DISPATCH_OK;
+}
+
 /*
  * Returns true if we did some work AND can potentially do more.
  */
 bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *list,
 			     bool got_budget)
 {
+	enum prep_dispatch prep;
 	struct request_queue *q = hctx->queue;
 	struct request *rq, *nxt;
-	bool no_tag = false;
 	int errors, queued;
 	blk_status_t ret = BLK_STS_OK;
-	bool no_budget_avail = false;
 	LIST_HEAD(zone_list);
 
 	if (list_empty(list))
@@ -1340,31 +1372,9 @@ bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *list,
 		rq = list_first_entry(list, struct request, queuelist);
 
 		WARN_ON_ONCE(hctx != rq->mq_hctx);
-		if (!got_budget && !blk_mq_get_dispatch_budget(q)) {
-			blk_mq_put_driver_tag(rq);
-			no_budget_avail = true;
+		prep = blk_mq_prep_dispatch_rq(rq, !got_budget);
+		if (prep != PREP_DISPATCH_OK)
 			break;
-		}
-
-		if (!blk_mq_get_driver_tag(rq)) {
-			/*
-			 * The initial allocation attempt failed, so we need to
-			 * rerun the hardware queue when a tag is freed. The
-			 * waitqueue takes care of that. If the queue is run
-			 * before we add this entry back on the dispatch list,
-			 * we'll re-run it below.
-			 */
-			if (!blk_mq_mark_tag_wait(hctx, rq)) {
-				blk_mq_put_dispatch_budget(q);
-				/*
-				 * For non-shared tags, the RESTART check
-				 * will suffice.
-				 */
-				if (hctx->flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_SHARED)
-					no_tag = true;
-				break;
-			}
-		}
 
 		list_del_init(&rq->queuelist);
 
@@ -1417,6 +1427,10 @@ bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *list,
 	 */
 	if (!list_empty(list)) {
 		bool needs_restart;
+		/* For non-shared tags, the RESTART check will suffice */
+		bool no_tag = prep == PREP_DISPATCH_NO_TAG &&
+                        (hctx->flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_SHARED);
+		bool no_budget_avail = prep == PREP_DISPATCH_NO_BUDGET;
 
 		/*
 		 * If we didn't flush the entire list, we could have told
-- 
2.25.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [PATCH V7 4/6] blk-mq: remove dead check from blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list
  2020-06-30 10:24 [PATCH V7 0/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch from scheduler Ming Lei
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-06-30 10:24 ` [PATCH V7 3/6] blk-mq: move getting driver tag and budget into one helper Ming Lei
@ 2020-06-30 10:24 ` Ming Lei
  2020-06-30 10:25 ` [PATCH V7 5/6] blk-mq: pass obtained budget count to blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list Ming Lei
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  6 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Ming Lei @ 2020-06-30 10:24 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jens Axboe
  Cc: linux-block, Ming Lei, Sagi Grimberg, Baolin Wang,
	Christoph Hellwig, Johannes Thumshirn

When BLK_STS_RESOURCE or BLK_STS_DEV_RESOURCE is returned from
.queue_rq, the 'list' variable always holds this rq which isn't
queued to LLD successfully.

So blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list() always returns false from the branch
of '!list_empty(list)'.

No functional change.

Cc: Sagi Grimberg <sagi@grimberg.me>
Cc: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Johannes Thumshirn <johannes.thumshirn@wdc.com>
Reviewed-by: Sagi Grimberg <sagi@grimberg.me>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Tested-by: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@redhat.com>
---
 block/blk-mq.c | 7 -------
 1 file changed, 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/blk-mq.c b/block/blk-mq.c
index 39a2332e32ac..0a6fb6d647f6 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq.c
@@ -1482,13 +1482,6 @@ bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *list,
 	} else
 		blk_mq_update_dispatch_busy(hctx, false);
 
-	/*
-	 * If the host/device is unable to accept more work, inform the
-	 * caller of that.
-	 */
-	if (ret == BLK_STS_RESOURCE || ret == BLK_STS_DEV_RESOURCE)
-		return false;
-
 	return (queued + errors) != 0;
 }
 
-- 
2.25.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [PATCH V7 5/6] blk-mq: pass obtained budget count to blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list
  2020-06-30 10:24 [PATCH V7 0/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch from scheduler Ming Lei
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-06-30 10:24 ` [PATCH V7 4/6] blk-mq: remove dead check from blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list Ming Lei
@ 2020-06-30 10:25 ` Ming Lei
  2020-06-30 10:25 ` [PATCH V7 6/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch in case of io Ming Lei
  2020-06-30 14:03 ` [PATCH V7 0/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch from scheduler Jens Axboe
  6 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Ming Lei @ 2020-06-30 10:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jens Axboe
  Cc: linux-block, Ming Lei, Sagi Grimberg, Baolin Wang, Christoph Hellwig

Pass obtained budget count to blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(), and prepare
for supporting fully batching submission.

With the obtained budget count, it is easier to put extra budgets
in case of .queue_rq failure.

Meantime remove the old 'got_budget' parameter.

Cc: Sagi Grimberg <sagi@grimberg.me>
Cc: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Tested-by: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@redhat.com>
---
 block/blk-mq-sched.c |  8 ++++----
 block/blk-mq.c       | 31 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 block/blk-mq.h       |  3 ++-
 3 files changed, 33 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/blk-mq-sched.c b/block/blk-mq-sched.c
index 632c6f8b63f7..4c72073830f3 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq-sched.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq-sched.c
@@ -130,7 +130,7 @@ static int blk_mq_do_dispatch_sched(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
 		 * in blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list().
 		 */
 		list_add(&rq->queuelist, &rq_list);
-	} while (blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(rq->mq_hctx, &rq_list, true));
+	} while (blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(rq->mq_hctx, &rq_list, 1));
 
 	return ret;
 }
@@ -198,7 +198,7 @@ static int blk_mq_do_dispatch_ctx(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
 		/* round robin for fair dispatch */
 		ctx = blk_mq_next_ctx(hctx, rq->mq_ctx);
 
-	} while (blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(rq->mq_hctx, &rq_list, true));
+	} while (blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(rq->mq_hctx, &rq_list, 1));
 
 	WRITE_ONCE(hctx->dispatch_from, ctx);
 	return ret;
@@ -238,7 +238,7 @@ static int __blk_mq_sched_dispatch_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
 	 */
 	if (!list_empty(&rq_list)) {
 		blk_mq_sched_mark_restart_hctx(hctx);
-		if (blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(hctx, &rq_list, false)) {
+		if (blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(hctx, &rq_list, 0)) {
 			if (has_sched_dispatch)
 				ret = blk_mq_do_dispatch_sched(hctx);
 			else
@@ -251,7 +251,7 @@ static int __blk_mq_sched_dispatch_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
 		ret = blk_mq_do_dispatch_ctx(hctx);
 	} else {
 		blk_mq_flush_busy_ctxs(hctx, &rq_list);
-		blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(hctx, &rq_list, false);
+		blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(hctx, &rq_list, 0);
 	}
 
 	return ret;
diff --git a/block/blk-mq.c b/block/blk-mq.c
index 0a6fb6d647f6..2b10243bcd0d 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq.c
@@ -1336,7 +1336,12 @@ static enum prep_dispatch blk_mq_prep_dispatch_rq(struct request *rq,
 		 * we'll re-run it below.
 		 */
 		if (!blk_mq_mark_tag_wait(hctx, rq)) {
-			blk_mq_put_dispatch_budget(rq->q);
+			/*
+			 * All budgets not got from this function will be put
+			 * together during handling partial dispatch
+			 */
+			if (need_budget)
+				blk_mq_put_dispatch_budget(rq->q);
 			return PREP_DISPATCH_NO_TAG;
 		}
 	}
@@ -1344,11 +1349,21 @@ static enum prep_dispatch blk_mq_prep_dispatch_rq(struct request *rq,
 	return PREP_DISPATCH_OK;
 }
 
+/* release all allocated budgets before calling to blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list */
+static void blk_mq_release_budgets(struct request_queue *q,
+		unsigned int nr_budgets)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < nr_budgets; i++)
+		blk_mq_put_dispatch_budget(q);
+}
+
 /*
  * Returns true if we did some work AND can potentially do more.
  */
 bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *list,
-			     bool got_budget)
+			     unsigned int nr_budgets)
 {
 	enum prep_dispatch prep;
 	struct request_queue *q = hctx->queue;
@@ -1360,7 +1375,7 @@ bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *list,
 	if (list_empty(list))
 		return false;
 
-	WARN_ON(!list_is_singular(list) && got_budget);
+	WARN_ON(!list_is_singular(list) && nr_budgets);
 
 	/*
 	 * Now process all the entries, sending them to the driver.
@@ -1372,7 +1387,7 @@ bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *list,
 		rq = list_first_entry(list, struct request, queuelist);
 
 		WARN_ON_ONCE(hctx != rq->mq_hctx);
-		prep = blk_mq_prep_dispatch_rq(rq, !got_budget);
+		prep = blk_mq_prep_dispatch_rq(rq, !nr_budgets);
 		if (prep != PREP_DISPATCH_OK)
 			break;
 
@@ -1391,6 +1406,12 @@ bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *list,
 			bd.last = !blk_mq_get_driver_tag(nxt);
 		}
 
+		/*
+		 * once the request is queued to lld, no need to cover the
+		 * budget any more
+		 */
+		if (nr_budgets)
+			nr_budgets--;
 		ret = q->mq_ops->queue_rq(hctx, &bd);
 		if (ret == BLK_STS_RESOURCE || ret == BLK_STS_DEV_RESOURCE) {
 			blk_mq_handle_dev_resource(rq, list);
@@ -1432,6 +1453,8 @@ bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *list,
                         (hctx->flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_SHARED);
 		bool no_budget_avail = prep == PREP_DISPATCH_NO_BUDGET;
 
+		blk_mq_release_budgets(q, nr_budgets);
+
 		/*
 		 * If we didn't flush the entire list, we could have told
 		 * the driver there was more coming, but that turned out to
diff --git a/block/blk-mq.h b/block/blk-mq.h
index c29721c8a92e..3c7937096bc3 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq.h
+++ b/block/blk-mq.h
@@ -40,7 +40,8 @@ struct blk_mq_ctx {
 void blk_mq_exit_queue(struct request_queue *q);
 int blk_mq_update_nr_requests(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int nr);
 void blk_mq_wake_waiters(struct request_queue *q);
-bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *, bool);
+bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *,
+			     unsigned int);
 void blk_mq_add_to_requeue_list(struct request *rq, bool at_head,
 				bool kick_requeue_list);
 void blk_mq_flush_busy_ctxs(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *list);
-- 
2.25.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [PATCH V7 6/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch in case of io
  2020-06-30 10:24 [PATCH V7 0/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch from scheduler Ming Lei
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-06-30 10:25 ` [PATCH V7 5/6] blk-mq: pass obtained budget count to blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list Ming Lei
@ 2020-06-30 10:25 ` Ming Lei
  2020-06-30 13:40   ` Christoph Hellwig
  2020-06-30 14:03 ` [PATCH V7 0/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch from scheduler Jens Axboe
  6 siblings, 1 reply; 9+ messages in thread
From: Ming Lei @ 2020-06-30 10:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jens Axboe
  Cc: linux-block, Ming Lei, Sagi Grimberg, Baolin Wang, Christoph Hellwig

More and more drivers want to get batching requests queued from
block layer, such as mmc, and tcp based storage drivers. Also
current in-tree users have virtio-scsi, virtio-blk and nvme.

For none, we already support batching dispatch.

But for io scheduler, every time we just take one request from scheduler
and pass the single request to blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(). This way makes
batching dispatch not possible when io scheduler is applied. One reason
is that we don't want to hurt sequential IO performance, becasue IO
merge chance is reduced if more requests are dequeued from scheduler
queue.

Try to support batching dispatch for io scheduler by starting with the
following simple approach:

1) still make sure we can get budget before dequeueing request

2) use hctx->dispatch_busy to evaluate if queue is busy, if it is busy
we fackback to non-batching dispatch, otherwise dequeue as many as
possible requests from scheduler, and pass them to blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list().

Wrt. 2), we use similar policy for none, and turns out that SCSI SSD
performance got improved much.

In future, maybe we can develop more intelligent algorithem for batching
dispatch.

Baolin has tested this patch and found that MMC performance is improved[3].

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-block/20200512075501.GF1531898@T590/#r
[2] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-block/fe6bd8b9-6ed9-b225-f80c-314746133722@grimberg.me/
[3] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-block/CADBw62o9eTQDJ9RvNgEqSpXmg6Xcq=2TxH0Hfxhp29uF2W=TXA@mail.gmail.com/

Cc: Sagi Grimberg <sagi@grimberg.me>
Cc: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Tested-by: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@redhat.com>
---
 block/blk-mq-sched.c | 89 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 block/blk-mq.c       |  2 -
 2 files changed, 82 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/blk-mq-sched.c b/block/blk-mq-sched.c
index 4c72073830f3..1c52e56a19b1 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq-sched.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq-sched.c
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
 #include <linux/kernel.h>
 #include <linux/module.h>
 #include <linux/blk-mq.h>
+#include <linux/list_sort.h>
 
 #include <trace/events/block.h>
 
@@ -80,6 +81,37 @@ void blk_mq_sched_restart(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
 	blk_mq_run_hw_queue(hctx, true);
 }
 
+static int sched_rq_cmp(void *priv, struct list_head *a, struct list_head *b)
+{
+	struct request *rqa = container_of(a, struct request, queuelist);
+	struct request *rqb = container_of(b, struct request, queuelist);
+
+	return rqa->mq_hctx > rqb->mq_hctx;
+}
+
+static bool blk_mq_dispatch_hctx_list(struct list_head *rq_list)
+{
+	struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx =
+		list_first_entry(rq_list, struct request, queuelist)->mq_hctx;
+	struct request *rq;
+	LIST_HEAD(hctx_list);
+	unsigned int count = 0;
+	bool ret;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(rq, rq_list, queuelist) {
+		if (rq->mq_hctx != hctx) {
+			list_cut_before(&hctx_list, rq_list, &rq->queuelist);
+			goto dispatch;
+		}
+		count++;
+	}
+	list_splice_tail_init(rq_list, &hctx_list);
+
+dispatch:
+	ret = blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(hctx, &hctx_list, count);
+	return ret;
+}
+
 #define BLK_MQ_BUDGET_DELAY	3		/* ms units */
 
 /*
@@ -90,20 +122,29 @@ void blk_mq_sched_restart(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
  * Returns -EAGAIN if hctx->dispatch was found non-empty and run_work has to
  * be run again.  This is necessary to avoid starving flushes.
  */
-static int blk_mq_do_dispatch_sched(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
+static int __blk_mq_do_dispatch_sched(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
 {
 	struct request_queue *q = hctx->queue;
 	struct elevator_queue *e = q->elevator;
+	bool multi_hctxs = false, run_queue = false;
+	bool dispatched = false, busy = false;
+	unsigned int max_dispatch;
 	LIST_HEAD(rq_list);
-	int ret = 0;
-	struct request *rq;
+	int count = 0;
+
+	if (hctx->dispatch_busy)
+		max_dispatch = 1;
+	else
+		max_dispatch = hctx->queue->nr_requests;
 
 	do {
+		struct request *rq;
+
 		if (e->type->ops.has_work && !e->type->ops.has_work(hctx))
 			break;
 
 		if (!list_empty_careful(&hctx->dispatch)) {
-			ret = -EAGAIN;
+			busy = true;
 			break;
 		}
 
@@ -120,7 +161,7 @@ static int blk_mq_do_dispatch_sched(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
 			 * no guarantee anyone will kick the queue.  Kick it
 			 * ourselves.
 			 */
-			blk_mq_delay_run_hw_queues(q, BLK_MQ_BUDGET_DELAY);
+			run_queue = true;
 			break;
 		}
 
@@ -129,8 +170,42 @@ static int blk_mq_do_dispatch_sched(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
 		 * if this rq won't be queued to driver via .queue_rq()
 		 * in blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list().
 		 */
-		list_add(&rq->queuelist, &rq_list);
-	} while (blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(rq->mq_hctx, &rq_list, 1));
+		list_add_tail(&rq->queuelist, &rq_list);
+		if (rq->mq_hctx != hctx)
+			multi_hctxs = true;
+	} while (++count < max_dispatch);
+
+	if (!count) {
+		if (run_queue)
+			blk_mq_delay_run_hw_queues(q, BLK_MQ_BUDGET_DELAY);
+	} else if (multi_hctxs) {
+		/*
+		 * Requests from different hctx may be dequeued from some
+		 * schedulers, such as bfq and deadline.
+		 *
+		 * Sort the requests in the list according to their hctx,
+		 * dispatch batching requests from same hctx at a time.
+		 */
+		list_sort(NULL, &rq_list, sched_rq_cmp);
+		do {
+			dispatched |= blk_mq_dispatch_hctx_list(&rq_list);
+		} while (!list_empty(&rq_list));
+	} else {
+		dispatched = blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(hctx, &rq_list, count);
+	}
+
+	if (busy)
+		return -EAGAIN;
+	return !!dispatched;
+}
+
+static int blk_mq_do_dispatch_sched(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	do {
+		ret = __blk_mq_do_dispatch_sched(hctx);
+	} while (ret == 1);
 
 	return ret;
 }
diff --git a/block/blk-mq.c b/block/blk-mq.c
index 2b10243bcd0d..257d0e0e544d 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq.c
@@ -1375,8 +1375,6 @@ bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *list,
 	if (list_empty(list))
 		return false;
 
-	WARN_ON(!list_is_singular(list) && nr_budgets);
-
 	/*
 	 * Now process all the entries, sending them to the driver.
 	 */
-- 
2.25.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH V7 6/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch in case of io
  2020-06-30 10:25 ` [PATCH V7 6/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch in case of io Ming Lei
@ 2020-06-30 13:40   ` Christoph Hellwig
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Christoph Hellwig @ 2020-06-30 13:40 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ming Lei
  Cc: Jens Axboe, linux-block, Sagi Grimberg, Baolin Wang, Christoph Hellwig

Looks good,

Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH V7 0/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch from scheduler
  2020-06-30 10:24 [PATCH V7 0/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch from scheduler Ming Lei
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-06-30 10:25 ` [PATCH V7 6/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch in case of io Ming Lei
@ 2020-06-30 14:03 ` Jens Axboe
  6 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Jens Axboe @ 2020-06-30 14:03 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ming Lei; +Cc: linux-block, Sagi Grimberg, Baolin Wang, Christoph Hellwig

On 6/30/20 4:24 AM, Ming Lei wrote:
> Hi Jens,
> 
> More and more drivers want to get batching requests queued from
> block layer, such as mmc[1], and tcp based storage drivers[2]. Also
> current in-tree users have virtio-scsi, virtio-blk and nvme.
> 
> For none, we already support batching dispatch.
> 
> But for io scheduler, every time we just take one request from scheduler
> and pass the single request to blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(). This way makes
> batching dispatch not possible when io scheduler is applied. One reason
> is that we don't want to hurt sequential IO performance, becasue IO
> merge chance is reduced if more requests are dequeued from scheduler
> queue.
> 
> Tries to start the support by dequeuing more requests from scheduler
> if budget is enough and device isn't busy.
> 
> Simple fio test over virtio-scsi shows IO can get improved by 5~10%.
> 
> Baolin has tested previous versions and found performance on MMC can be improved.
> 
> Patch 1 ~ 4 are improvement and cleanup, which can't applied without
> supporting batching dispatch.
> 
> Patch 5 ~ 6 starts to support batching dispatch from scheduler.

Thanks Ming, applied for 5.9.

-- 
Jens Axboe


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 9+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2020-06-30 10:24 [PATCH V7 0/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch from scheduler Ming Lei
2020-06-30 10:24 ` [PATCH V7 1/6] blk-mq: pass request queue into get/put budget callback Ming Lei
2020-06-30 10:24 ` [PATCH V7 2/6] blk-mq: pass hctx to blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list Ming Lei
2020-06-30 10:24 ` [PATCH V7 3/6] blk-mq: move getting driver tag and budget into one helper Ming Lei
2020-06-30 10:24 ` [PATCH V7 4/6] blk-mq: remove dead check from blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list Ming Lei
2020-06-30 10:25 ` [PATCH V7 5/6] blk-mq: pass obtained budget count to blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list Ming Lei
2020-06-30 10:25 ` [PATCH V7 6/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch in case of io Ming Lei
2020-06-30 13:40   ` Christoph Hellwig
2020-06-30 14:03 ` [PATCH V7 0/6] blk-mq: support batching dispatch from scheduler Jens Axboe

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