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* CVE-2021-47034: powerpc/64s: Fix pte update for kernel memory on radix
@ 2024-02-28  8:15 Greg Kroah-Hartman
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: Greg Kroah-Hartman @ 2024-02-28  8:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-cve-announce; +Cc: gregkh



In the Linux kernel, the following vulnerability has been resolved:

powerpc/64s: Fix pte update for kernel memory on radix

When adding a PTE a ptesync is needed to order the update of the PTE
with subsequent accesses otherwise a spurious fault may be raised.

radix__set_pte_at() does not do this for performance gains. For
non-kernel memory this is not an issue as any faults of this kind are
corrected by the page fault handler. For kernel memory these faults
are not handled. The current solution is that there is a ptesync in
flush_cache_vmap() which should be called when mapping from the
vmalloc region.

However, map_kernel_page() does not call flush_cache_vmap(). This is
troublesome in particular for code patching with Strict RWX on radix.
In do_patch_instruction() the page frame that contains the instruction
to be patched is mapped and then immediately patched. With no ordering
or synchronization between setting up the PTE and writing to the page
it is possible for faults.

As the code patching is done using __put_user_asm_goto() the resulting
fault is obscured - but using a normal store instead it can be seen:

  BUG: Unable to handle kernel data access on write at 0xc008000008f24a3c
  Faulting instruction address: 0xc00000000008bd74
  Oops: Kernel access of bad area, sig: 11 [#1]
  Modules linked in: nop_module(PO+) [last unloaded: nop_module]
  CPU: 4 PID: 757 Comm: sh Tainted: P           O      5.10.0-rc5-01361-ge3c1b78c8440-dirty #43
  NIP:  c00000000008bd74 LR: c00000000008bd50 CTR: c000000000025810
  REGS: c000000016f634a0 TRAP: 0300   Tainted: P           O       (5.10.0-rc5-01361-ge3c1b78c8440-dirty)
  MSR:  9000000000009033 <SF,HV,EE,ME,IR,DR,RI,LE>  CR: 44002884  XER: 00000000
  CFAR: c00000000007c68c DAR: c008000008f24a3c DSISR: 42000000 IRQMASK: 1

This results in the kind of issue reported here:

Chris Riedl suggested a reliable way to reproduce the issue:
  $ mount -t debugfs none /sys/kernel/debug
  $ (while true; do echo function > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/current_tracer ; echo nop > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/current_tracer ; done) &

Turning ftrace on and off does a large amount of code patching which
in usually less then 5min will crash giving a trace like:

   ftrace-powerpc: (____ptrval____): replaced (4b473b11) != old (60000000)
   ------------[ ftrace bug ]------------
   ftrace failed to modify
   [<c000000000bf8e5c>] napi_busy_loop+0xc/0x390
    actual:   11:3b:47:4b
   Setting ftrace call site to call ftrace function
   ftrace record flags: 80000001
    expected tramp: c00000000006c96c
   ------------[ cut here ]------------
   WARNING: CPU: 4 PID: 809 at kernel/trace/ftrace.c:2065 ftrace_bug+0x28c/0x2e8
   Modules linked in: nop_module(PO-) [last unloaded: nop_module]
   CPU: 4 PID: 809 Comm: sh Tainted: P           O      5.10.0-rc5-01360-gf878ccaf250a #1
   NIP:  c00000000024f334 LR: c00000000024f330 CTR: c0000000001a5af0
   REGS: c000000004c8b760 TRAP: 0700   Tainted: P           O       (5.10.0-rc5-01360-gf878ccaf250a)
   MSR:  900000000282b033 <SF,HV,VEC,VSX,EE,FP,ME,IR,DR,RI,LE>  CR: 28008848  XER: 20040000
   CFAR: c0000000001a9c98 IRQMASK: 0
   GPR00: c00000000024f330 c000000004c8b9f0 c000000002770600 0000000000000022
   GPR04: 00000000ffff7fff c000000004c8b6d0 0000000000000027 c0000007fe9bcdd8
   GPR08: 0000000000000023 ffffffffffffffd8 0000000000000027 c000000002613118
   GPR12: 0000000000008000 c0000007fffdca00 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
   GPR16: 0000000023ec37c5 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000008
   GPR20: c000000004c8bc90 c0000000027a2d20 c000000004c8bcd0 c000000002612fe8
   GPR24: 0000000000000038 0000000000000030 0000000000000028 0000000000000020
   GPR28: c000000000ff1b68 c000000000bf8e5c c00000000312f700 c000000000fbb9b0
   NIP ftrace_bug+0x28c/0x2e8
   LR  ftrace_bug+0x288/0x2e8
   Call Trace:
     ftrace_bug+0x288/0x2e8 (unreliable)

To fix this when updating kernel memory PTEs using ptesync.

[mpe: Tidy up change log slightly]

The Linux kernel CVE team has assigned CVE-2021-47034 to this issue.

Affected and fixed versions

	Issue introduced in 4.18 with commit f1cb8f9beba8 and fixed in 4.19.191 with commit b3d5d0983388
	Issue introduced in 4.18 with commit f1cb8f9beba8 and fixed in 5.4.119 with commit 73f9dccb29e4
	Issue introduced in 4.18 with commit f1cb8f9beba8 and fixed in 5.10.37 with commit 84c0762633f2
	Issue introduced in 4.18 with commit f1cb8f9beba8 and fixed in 5.11.21 with commit 01ac203e2119
	Issue introduced in 4.18 with commit f1cb8f9beba8 and fixed in 5.12.4 with commit e40c52ee67b1
	Issue introduced in 4.18 with commit f1cb8f9beba8 and fixed in 5.13 with commit b8b2f37cf632

Please see or a full list of currently supported
kernel versions by the kernel community.

Unaffected versions might change over time as fixes are backported to
older supported kernel versions.  The official CVE entry at
will be updated if fixes are backported, please check that for the most
up to date information about this issue.

Affected files

The file(s) affected by this issue are:


The Linux kernel CVE team recommends that you update to the latest
stable kernel version for this, and many other bugfixes.  Individual
changes are never tested alone, but rather are part of a larger kernel
release.  Cherry-picking individual commits is not recommended or
supported by the Linux kernel community at all.  If however, updating to
the latest release is impossible, the individual changes to resolve this
issue can be found at these commits:

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2024-02-28  8:15 CVE-2021-47034: powerpc/64s: Fix pte update for kernel memory on radix Greg Kroah-Hartman

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