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* [PATCH 2/5][RFC] efi: Introduce EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_HEADER and corresponding structures
       [not found] <cover.1631025237.git.yu.c.chen@intel.com>
@ 2021-09-07 15:17 ` Chen Yu
  2021-09-07 16:06   ` Ard Biesheuvel
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: Chen Yu @ 2021-09-07 15:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-acpi
  Cc: linux-kernel, Rafael J. Wysocki, Len Brown, Dan Williams,
	Andy Shevchenko, Aubrey Li, Ashok Raj, Chen Yu, Ard Biesheuvel,
	linux-efi

Platform Firmware Runtime Update image starts with UEFI headers, and the headers
are defined in UEFI specification, but some of them have not been defined in the
kernel yet.

For example, the header layout of a capsule file looks like this:

EFI_CAPSULE_HEADER
EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_HEADER
EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_IMAGE_HEADER
EFI_FIRMWARE_IMAGE_AUTHENTICATION

These structures would be used by the Platform Firmware Runtime Update
driver to parse the format of capsule file to verify if the corresponding
version number is valid. The EFI_CAPSULE_HEADER has been defined in the
kernel, however the rest are not, thus introduce corresponding UEFI structures
accordingly.

The reason why efi_manage_capsule_header_t and efi_manage_capsule_image_header_t
are packedi might be that:
According to the uefi spec,
[Figure 23-6 Firmware Management and Firmware Image Management headers]
EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_HEADER is located at the lowest offset within
the body of the capsule. And this structure is designed to be unaligned to save
space, because in this way the adjacent drivers and binary payload elements could
start on byte boundary with no padding. And the
EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_IMAGE_HEADER is at the head of each payload, so
packing this structure also makes room for more data.

Signed-off-by: Chen Yu <yu.c.chen@intel.com>
---
 include/linux/efi.h | 50 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 50 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/efi.h b/include/linux/efi.h
index 6b5d36babfcc..19ff834e1388 100644
--- a/include/linux/efi.h
+++ b/include/linux/efi.h
@@ -148,6 +148,56 @@ typedef struct {
 	u32 imagesize;
 } efi_capsule_header_t;
 
+#pragma pack(1)
+
+/* EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_HEADER */
+typedef struct {
+	u32	ver;
+	u16	emb_drv_cnt;
+	u16	payload_cnt;
+	/*
+	 * Variable array indicated by number of
+	 * (emb_drv_cnt + payload_cnt)
+	 */
+	u64	offset_list[];
+} efi_manage_capsule_header_t;
+
+/* EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_IMAGE_HEADER */
+typedef struct {
+	u32	ver;
+	guid_t	image_type_id;
+	u8	image_index;
+	u8	reserved_bytes[3];
+	u32	image_size;
+	u32	vendor_code_size;
+	/* ver = 2. */
+	u64	hw_ins;
+	/* ver = v3. */
+	u64	capsule_support;
+} efi_manage_capsule_image_header_t;
+
+#pragma pack()
+
+/* WIN_CERTIFICATE */
+typedef struct {
+	u32	len;
+	u16	rev;
+	u16	cert_type;
+} win_cert_t;
+
+/* WIN_CERTIFICATE_UEFI_GUID */
+typedef struct {
+	win_cert_t	hdr;
+	guid_t		cert_type;
+	u8		cert_data[];
+} win_cert_uefi_guid_t;
+
+/* EFI_FIRMWARE_IMAGE_AUTHENTICATIO */
+typedef struct {
+	u64				mon_count;
+	win_cert_uefi_guid_t		auth_info;
+} efi_image_auth_t;
+
 /*
  * EFI capsule flags
  */
-- 
2.25.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/5][RFC] efi: Introduce EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_HEADER and corresponding structures
  2021-09-07 15:17 ` [PATCH 2/5][RFC] efi: Introduce EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_HEADER and corresponding structures Chen Yu
@ 2021-09-07 16:06   ` Ard Biesheuvel
  2021-09-07 23:56     ` Chen Yu
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2021-09-07 16:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Chen Yu
  Cc: ACPI Devel Maling List, Linux Kernel Mailing List,
	Rafael J. Wysocki, Len Brown, Dan Williams, Andy Shevchenko,
	Aubrey Li, Ashok Raj, linux-efi

On Tue, 7 Sept 2021 at 17:12, Chen Yu <yu.c.chen@intel.com> wrote:
>
> Platform Firmware Runtime Update image starts with UEFI headers, and the headers
> are defined in UEFI specification, but some of them have not been defined in the
> kernel yet.
>
> For example, the header layout of a capsule file looks like this:
>
> EFI_CAPSULE_HEADER
> EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_HEADER
> EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_IMAGE_HEADER
> EFI_FIRMWARE_IMAGE_AUTHENTICATION
>
> These structures would be used by the Platform Firmware Runtime Update
> driver to parse the format of capsule file to verify if the corresponding
> version number is valid. The EFI_CAPSULE_HEADER has been defined in the
> kernel, however the rest are not, thus introduce corresponding UEFI structures
> accordingly.
>
> The reason why efi_manage_capsule_header_t and efi_manage_capsule_image_header_t
> are packedi might be that:
> According to the uefi spec,
> [Figure 23-6 Firmware Management and Firmware Image Management headers]
> EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_HEADER is located at the lowest offset within
> the body of the capsule. And this structure is designed to be unaligned to save
> space, because in this way the adjacent drivers and binary payload elements could
> start on byte boundary with no padding. And the
> EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_IMAGE_HEADER is at the head of each payload, so
> packing this structure also makes room for more data.
>
> Signed-off-by: Chen Yu <yu.c.chen@intel.com>

Who is going to use these definitions? I only see this patch, where is
the rest of the series?

> ---
>  include/linux/efi.h | 50 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 50 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/efi.h b/include/linux/efi.h
> index 6b5d36babfcc..19ff834e1388 100644
> --- a/include/linux/efi.h
> +++ b/include/linux/efi.h
> @@ -148,6 +148,56 @@ typedef struct {
>         u32 imagesize;
>  } efi_capsule_header_t;
>
> +#pragma pack(1)
> +
> +/* EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_HEADER */
> +typedef struct {
> +       u32     ver;
> +       u16     emb_drv_cnt;
> +       u16     payload_cnt;
> +       /*
> +        * Variable array indicated by number of
> +        * (emb_drv_cnt + payload_cnt)
> +        */
> +       u64     offset_list[];
> +} efi_manage_capsule_header_t;
> +
> +/* EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_IMAGE_HEADER */
> +typedef struct {
> +       u32     ver;
> +       guid_t  image_type_id;
> +       u8      image_index;
> +       u8      reserved_bytes[3];
> +       u32     image_size;
> +       u32     vendor_code_size;
> +       /* ver = 2. */
> +       u64     hw_ins;
> +       /* ver = v3. */
> +       u64     capsule_support;
> +} efi_manage_capsule_image_header_t;
> +
> +#pragma pack()
> +
> +/* WIN_CERTIFICATE */
> +typedef struct {
> +       u32     len;
> +       u16     rev;
> +       u16     cert_type;
> +} win_cert_t;
> +
> +/* WIN_CERTIFICATE_UEFI_GUID */
> +typedef struct {
> +       win_cert_t      hdr;
> +       guid_t          cert_type;
> +       u8              cert_data[];
> +} win_cert_uefi_guid_t;
> +
> +/* EFI_FIRMWARE_IMAGE_AUTHENTICATIO */
> +typedef struct {
> +       u64                             mon_count;
> +       win_cert_uefi_guid_t            auth_info;
> +} efi_image_auth_t;
> +
>  /*
>   * EFI capsule flags
>   */
> --
> 2.25.1
>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/5][RFC] efi: Introduce EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_HEADER and corresponding structures
  2021-09-07 16:06   ` Ard Biesheuvel
@ 2021-09-07 23:56     ` Chen Yu
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: Chen Yu @ 2021-09-07 23:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ard Biesheuvel
  Cc: ACPI Devel Maling List, Linux Kernel Mailing List,
	Rafael J. Wysocki, Len Brown, Dan Williams, Andy Shevchenko,
	Aubrey Li, Ashok Raj, linux-efi

On Tue, Sep 07, 2021 at 06:06:28PM +0200, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
> On Tue, 7 Sept 2021 at 17:12, Chen Yu <yu.c.chen@intel.com> wrote:
> >
> > Platform Firmware Runtime Update image starts with UEFI headers, and the headers
> > are defined in UEFI specification, but some of them have not been defined in the
> > kernel yet.
> >
> > For example, the header layout of a capsule file looks like this:
> >
> > EFI_CAPSULE_HEADER
> > EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_HEADER
> > EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_IMAGE_HEADER
> > EFI_FIRMWARE_IMAGE_AUTHENTICATION
> >
> > These structures would be used by the Platform Firmware Runtime Update
> > driver to parse the format of capsule file to verify if the corresponding
> > version number is valid. The EFI_CAPSULE_HEADER has been defined in the
> > kernel, however the rest are not, thus introduce corresponding UEFI structures
> > accordingly.
> >
> > The reason why efi_manage_capsule_header_t and efi_manage_capsule_image_header_t
> > are packedi might be that:
> > According to the uefi spec,
> > [Figure 23-6 Firmware Management and Firmware Image Management headers]
> > EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_HEADER is located at the lowest offset within
> > the body of the capsule. And this structure is designed to be unaligned to save
> > space, because in this way the adjacent drivers and binary payload elements could
> > start on byte boundary with no padding. And the
> > EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_IMAGE_HEADER is at the head of each payload, so
> > packing this structure also makes room for more data.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Chen Yu <yu.c.chen@intel.com>
> 
> Who is going to use these definitions? I only see this patch, where is
> the rest of the series?
>
Sorry, Ard, and thanks for taking a look at this patch.

The user of this definitions is an ACPI device driver, named Platform Firmware
Runtime Update driver. This driver is designed to do firmware update via SMI.
This driver will do sanity check of the capsule file using these structures before
the file is passed to SMI. We put this check in kernel space rather than leaving
it to SMI because the latter is very costly.

The series patch is at:
https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/linux-acpi/list/?series=543211
and the user is mainly PATCH 3/5:
https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/linux-acpi/patch/9b2bd7d1e40633ce6f4845fb5c9e30a3faad5e7a.1631025237.git.yu.c.chen@intel.com/
in valid_version().

thanks,
Chenyu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2021-09-07 23:57 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 3+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
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     [not found] <cover.1631025237.git.yu.c.chen@intel.com>
2021-09-07 15:17 ` [PATCH 2/5][RFC] efi: Introduce EFI_FIRMWARE_MANAGEMENT_CAPSULE_HEADER and corresponding structures Chen Yu
2021-09-07 16:06   ` Ard Biesheuvel
2021-09-07 23:56     ` Chen Yu

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