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From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
To: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	linux-hyperv@vger.kernel.org, xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org,
	linux-acpi@vger.kernel.org,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>,
	Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>,
	Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>,
	Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>,
	Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>,
	Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>,
	Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>,
	Scott Cheloha <cheloha@linux.ibm.com>,
	Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v1 2/5] mm/page_alloc: place pages to tail in __putback_isolated_page()
Date: Fri, 2 Oct 2020 15:19:24 +0200
Message-ID: <20201002131924.GH4555@dhcp22.suse.cz> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200928182110.7050-3-david@redhat.com>

On Mon 28-09-20 20:21:07, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> __putback_isolated_page() already documents that pages will be placed to
> the tail of the freelist - this is, however, not the case for
> "order >= MAX_ORDER - 2" (see buddy_merge_likely()) - which should be
> the case for all existing users.
> 
> This change affects two users:
> - free page reporting
> - page isolation, when undoing the isolation (including memory onlining).
> 
> This behavior is desireable for pages that haven't really been touched
> lately, so exactly the two users that don't actually read/write page
> content, but rather move untouched pages.
> 
> The new behavior is especially desirable for memory onlining, where we
> allow allocation of newly onlined pages via undo_isolate_page_range()
> in online_pages(). Right now, we always place them to the head of the
> free list, resulting in undesireable behavior: Assume we add
> individual memory chunks via add_memory() and online them right away to
> the NORMAL zone. We create a dependency chain of unmovable allocations
> e.g., via the memmap. The memmap of the next chunk will be placed onto
> previous chunks - if the last block cannot get offlined+removed, all
> dependent ones cannot get offlined+removed. While this can already be
> observed with individual DIMMs, it's more of an issue for virtio-mem
> (and I suspect also ppc DLPAR).
> 
> Document that this should only be used for optimizations, and no code
> should realy on this for correction (if the order of freepage lists
> ever changes).
> 
> We won't care about page shuffling: memory onlining already properly
> shuffles after onlining. free page reporting doesn't care about
> physically contiguous ranges, and there are already cases where page
> isolation will simply move (physically close) free pages to (currently)
> the head of the freelists via move_freepages_block() instead of
> shuffling. If this becomes ever relevant, we should shuffle the whole
> zone when undoing isolation of larger ranges, and after
> free_contig_range().
> 
> Reviewed-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
> Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
> Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
> Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
> Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
> Cc: Scott Cheloha <cheloha@linux.ibm.com>
> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
> Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>

Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>

> ---
>  mm/page_alloc.c | 18 ++++++++++++++++--
>  1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index daab90e960fe..9e3ed4a6f69a 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -89,6 +89,18 @@ typedef int __bitwise fop_t;
>   */
>  #define FOP_SKIP_REPORT_NOTIFY	((__force fop_t)BIT(0))
>  
> +/*
> + * Place the (possibly merged) page to the tail of the freelist. Will ignore
> + * page shuffling (relevant code - e.g., memory onlining - is expected to
> + * shuffle the whole zone).
> + *
> + * Note: No code should rely onto this flag for correctness - it's purely
> + *       to allow for optimizations when handing back either fresh pages
> + *       (memory onlining) or untouched pages (page isolation, free page
> + *       reporting).
> + */
> +#define FOP_TO_TAIL		((__force fop_t)BIT(1))
> +
>  /* prevent >1 _updater_ of zone percpu pageset ->high and ->batch fields */
>  static DEFINE_MUTEX(pcp_batch_high_lock);
>  #define MIN_PERCPU_PAGELIST_FRACTION	(8)
> @@ -1038,7 +1050,9 @@ static inline void __free_one_page(struct page *page, unsigned long pfn,
>  done_merging:
>  	set_page_order(page, order);
>  
> -	if (is_shuffle_order(order))
> +	if (fop_flags & FOP_TO_TAIL)
> +		to_tail = true;
> +	else if (is_shuffle_order(order))
>  		to_tail = shuffle_pick_tail();
>  	else
>  		to_tail = buddy_merge_likely(pfn, buddy_pfn, page, order);
> @@ -3300,7 +3314,7 @@ void __putback_isolated_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int mt)
>  
>  	/* Return isolated page to tail of freelist. */
>  	__free_one_page(page, page_to_pfn(page), zone, order, mt,
> -			FOP_SKIP_REPORT_NOTIFY);
> +			FOP_SKIP_REPORT_NOTIFY | FOP_TO_TAIL);
>  }
>  
>  /*
> -- 
> 2.26.2

-- 
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 31+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-09-28 18:21 [PATCH v1 0/5] mm: place pages to the freelist tail when onling and undoing isolation David Hildenbrand
2020-09-28 18:21 ` [PATCH v1 1/5] mm/page_alloc: convert "report" flag of __free_one_page() to a proper flag David Hildenbrand
2020-09-28 20:11   ` Pankaj Gupta
2020-09-29  8:58   ` Wei Yang
2020-10-02 13:17   ` Michal Hocko
2020-10-02 13:41   ` Matthew Wilcox
2020-10-02 14:48     ` David Hildenbrand
2020-10-02 14:57       ` David Hildenbrand
2020-09-28 18:21 ` [PATCH v1 2/5] mm/page_alloc: place pages to tail in __putback_isolated_page() David Hildenbrand
2020-09-28 20:38   ` Pankaj Gupta
2020-09-29  9:10   ` Wei Yang
2020-10-02 13:19   ` Michal Hocko [this message]
2020-09-28 18:21 ` [PATCH v1 3/5] mm/page_alloc: always move pages to the tail of the freelist in unset_migratetype_isolate() David Hildenbrand
2020-09-28 20:55   ` Pankaj Gupta
2020-09-29  9:18   ` Wei Yang
2020-09-29 10:12     ` David Hildenbrand
2020-09-30  7:48       ` Wei Yang
2020-10-02 13:24   ` Michal Hocko
2020-10-02 15:20     ` David Hildenbrand
2020-10-05  6:56       ` Michal Hocko
2020-10-05  8:20         ` Mel Gorman
2020-10-05  9:11           ` David Hildenbrand
2020-09-28 18:21 ` [PATCH v1 4/5] mm/page_alloc: place pages to tail in __free_pages_core() David Hildenbrand
2020-09-28 20:33   ` Pankaj Gupta
2020-09-29  9:36   ` Wei Yang
2020-09-29 10:14     ` David Hildenbrand
2020-10-02 13:41   ` Michal Hocko
2020-10-02 15:10     ` David Hildenbrand
2020-09-28 18:21 ` [PATCH v1 5/5] mm/memory_hotplug: update comment regarding zone shuffling David Hildenbrand
2020-09-29  9:40   ` Wei Yang
2020-10-02 13:41   ` Michal Hocko

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