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* [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 01/24] mm: Add a PASID field to mm_struct Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (24 more replies)
  0 siblings, 25 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

Shared Virtual Addressing (SVA) allows to share process page tables with
devices using the IOMMU, PASIDs and I/O page faults. Add SVA support to
the Arm SMMUv3 driver.

Since v6 [1]:
* Rename ioasid_free() to ioasid_put() in patch 02, requiring changes to
  the Intel drivers.
* Use mmu_notifier_register() in patch 16 to avoid copying the ops and
  simplify the invalidate() notifier in patch 17.
* As a result, replace context spinlock with a mutex. Simplified locking in
  patch 11 (That patch still looks awful, but I think the series is more
  readable overall). And I've finally been able to remove the GFP_ATOMIC
  allocations.
* Use a single patch (04) for io-pgfault.c, since the code was simplified
  in v6. Fixed partial list in patch 04.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-iommu/20200430143424.2787566-1-jean-philippe@linaro.org/

Jean-Philippe Brucker (24):
  mm: Add a PASID field to mm_struct
  iommu/ioasid: Add ioasid references
  iommu/sva: Add PASID helpers
  iommu: Add a page fault handler
  arm64: mm: Add asid_gen_match() helper
  arm64: mm: Pin down ASIDs for sharing mm with devices
  iommu/io-pgtable-arm: Move some definitions to a header
  iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Manage ASIDs with xarray
  arm64: cpufeature: Export symbol read_sanitised_ftr_reg()
  iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Share process page tables
  iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Seize private ASID
  iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for VHE
  iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Enable broadcast TLB maintenance
  iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add SVA feature checking
  iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add SVA device feature
  iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Implement iommu_sva_bind/unbind()
  iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Hook up ATC invalidation to mm ops
  iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for Hardware Translation Table Update
  iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Maintain a SID->device structure
  dt-bindings: document stall property for IOMMU masters
  iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add stall support for platform devices
  PCI/ATS: Add PRI stubs
  PCI/ATS: Export PRI functions
  iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for PRI

 drivers/iommu/Kconfig                         |   12 +
 drivers/iommu/Makefile                        |    2 +
 .../devicetree/bindings/iommu/iommu.txt       |   18 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h                  |    1 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu_context.h          |   11 +-
 drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.h                |   30 +
 drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.h                     |   15 +
 include/linux/ioasid.h                        |   10 +-
 include/linux/iommu.h                         |   53 +
 include/linux/mm_types.h                      |    4 +
 include/linux/pci-ats.h                       |    8 +
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c                |    1 +
 arch/arm64/mm/context.c                       |  103 +-
 drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c                   | 1552 +++++++++++++++--
 drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c                   |    4 +-
 drivers/iommu/intel-svm.c                     |    6 +-
 drivers/iommu/io-pgfault.c                    |  459 +++++
 drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c                |   27 +-
 drivers/iommu/ioasid.c                        |   38 +-
 drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.c                     |   85 +
 drivers/iommu/of_iommu.c                      |    5 +-
 drivers/pci/ats.c                             |    4 +
 MAINTAINERS                                   |    3 +-
 23 files changed, 2286 insertions(+), 165 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.h
 create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.h
 create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/io-pgfault.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.c

-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 01/24] mm: Add a PASID field to mm_struct
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 02/24] iommu/ioasid: Add ioasid references Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (23 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

Some devices can tag their DMA requests with a 20-bit Process Address
Space ID (PASID), allowing them to access multiple address spaces. In
combination with recoverable I/O page faults (for example PCIe PRI),
PASID allows the IOMMU to share page tables with the MMU.

To make sure that a single PASID is allocated for each address space, as
required by Intel ENQCMD, store the PASID in the mm_struct. The IOMMU
driver is in charge of serializing modifications to the PASID field.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 include/linux/mm_types.h | 4 ++++
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
index 4aba6c0c2ba8..8db647275817 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
@@ -534,6 +534,10 @@ struct mm_struct {
 		atomic_long_t hugetlb_usage;
 #endif
 		struct work_struct async_put_work;
+#ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_SUPPORT
+		/* Address space ID used by device DMA */
+		unsigned int pasid;
+#endif
 	} __randomize_layout;
 
 	/*
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 02/24] iommu/ioasid: Add ioasid references
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 01/24] mm: Add a PASID field to mm_struct Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-20  2:31   ` Lu Baolu
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 03/24] iommu/sva: Add PASID helpers Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (22 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

Let IOASID users take references to existing ioasids with ioasid_get().
ioasid_put() drops a reference and only frees the ioasid when its
reference number is zero. It returns true if the ioasid was freed.
For drivers that don't call ioasid_get(), ioasid_put() is the same as
ioasid_free().

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
v6->v7: rename ioasid_free() to ioasid_put(), add WARN in ioasid_get()
---
 include/linux/ioasid.h      | 10 ++++++++--
 drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c |  4 ++--
 drivers/iommu/intel-svm.c   |  6 +++---
 drivers/iommu/ioasid.c      | 38 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 4 files changed, 47 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/ioasid.h b/include/linux/ioasid.h
index 6f000d7a0ddc..e9dacd4b9f6b 100644
--- a/include/linux/ioasid.h
+++ b/include/linux/ioasid.h
@@ -34,7 +34,8 @@ struct ioasid_allocator_ops {
 #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IOASID)
 ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max,
 		      void *private);
-void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid);
+void ioasid_get(ioasid_t ioasid);
+bool ioasid_put(ioasid_t ioasid);
 void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid,
 		  bool (*getter)(void *));
 int ioasid_register_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator_ops *allocator);
@@ -48,10 +49,15 @@ static inline ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min,
 	return INVALID_IOASID;
 }
 
-static inline void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
+static inline void ioasid_get(ioasid_t ioasid)
 {
 }
 
+static inline bool ioasid_put(ioasid_t ioasid)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+
 static inline void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid,
 				bool (*getter)(void *))
 {
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
index ed21ce6d1238..0230f35480ee 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
@@ -5432,7 +5432,7 @@ static void auxiliary_unlink_device(struct dmar_domain *domain,
 	domain->auxd_refcnt--;
 
 	if (!domain->auxd_refcnt && domain->default_pasid > 0)
-		ioasid_free(domain->default_pasid);
+		ioasid_put(domain->default_pasid);
 }
 
 static int aux_domain_add_dev(struct dmar_domain *domain,
@@ -5494,7 +5494,7 @@ static int aux_domain_add_dev(struct dmar_domain *domain,
 	spin_unlock(&iommu->lock);
 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&device_domain_lock, flags);
 	if (!domain->auxd_refcnt && domain->default_pasid > 0)
-		ioasid_free(domain->default_pasid);
+		ioasid_put(domain->default_pasid);
 
 	return ret;
 }
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/intel-svm.c b/drivers/iommu/intel-svm.c
index 2998418f0a38..86f1264bd07c 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/intel-svm.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/intel-svm.c
@@ -353,7 +353,7 @@ int intel_svm_bind_mm(struct device *dev, int *pasid, int flags, struct svm_dev_
 		if (mm) {
 			ret = mmu_notifier_register(&svm->notifier, mm);
 			if (ret) {
-				ioasid_free(svm->pasid);
+				ioasid_put(svm->pasid);
 				kfree(svm);
 				kfree(sdev);
 				goto out;
@@ -371,7 +371,7 @@ int intel_svm_bind_mm(struct device *dev, int *pasid, int flags, struct svm_dev_
 		if (ret) {
 			if (mm)
 				mmu_notifier_unregister(&svm->notifier, mm);
-			ioasid_free(svm->pasid);
+			ioasid_put(svm->pasid);
 			kfree(svm);
 			kfree(sdev);
 			goto out;
@@ -447,7 +447,7 @@ int intel_svm_unbind_mm(struct device *dev, int pasid)
 			kfree_rcu(sdev, rcu);
 
 			if (list_empty(&svm->devs)) {
-				ioasid_free(svm->pasid);
+				ioasid_put(svm->pasid);
 				if (svm->mm)
 					mmu_notifier_unregister(&svm->notifier, svm->mm);
 				list_del(&svm->list);
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c b/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
index 0f8dd377aada..50ee27bbd04e 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
 /*
  * I/O Address Space ID allocator. There is one global IOASID space, split into
  * subsets. Users create a subset with DECLARE_IOASID_SET, then allocate and
- * free IOASIDs with ioasid_alloc and ioasid_free.
+ * free IOASIDs with ioasid_alloc and ioasid_put.
  */
 #include <linux/ioasid.h>
 #include <linux/module.h>
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@ struct ioasid_data {
 	struct ioasid_set *set;
 	void *private;
 	struct rcu_head rcu;
+	refcount_t refs;
 };
 
 /*
@@ -314,6 +315,7 @@ ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max,
 
 	data->set = set;
 	data->private = private;
+	refcount_set(&data->refs, 1);
 
 	/*
 	 * Custom allocator needs allocator data to perform platform specific
@@ -346,11 +348,34 @@ ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max,
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_alloc);
 
 /**
- * ioasid_free - Free an IOASID
+ * ioasid_get - obtain a reference to the IOASID
+ */
+void ioasid_get(ioasid_t ioasid)
+{
+	struct ioasid_data *ioasid_data;
+
+	spin_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
+	ioasid_data = xa_load(&active_allocator->xa, ioasid);
+	if (ioasid_data)
+		refcount_inc(&ioasid_data->refs);
+	else
+		WARN_ON(1);
+	spin_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_get);
+
+/**
+ * ioasid_put - Release a reference to an ioasid
  * @ioasid: the ID to remove
+ *
+ * Put a reference to the IOASID, free it when the number of references drops to
+ * zero.
+ *
+ * Return: %true if the IOASID was freed, %false otherwise.
  */
-void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
+bool ioasid_put(ioasid_t ioasid)
 {
+	bool free = false;
 	struct ioasid_data *ioasid_data;
 
 	spin_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
@@ -360,6 +385,10 @@ void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
 		goto exit_unlock;
 	}
 
+	free = refcount_dec_and_test(&ioasid_data->refs);
+	if (!free)
+		goto exit_unlock;
+
 	active_allocator->ops->free(ioasid, active_allocator->ops->pdata);
 	/* Custom allocator needs additional steps to free the xa element */
 	if (active_allocator->flags & IOASID_ALLOCATOR_CUSTOM) {
@@ -369,8 +398,9 @@ void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
 
 exit_unlock:
 	spin_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
+	return free;
 }
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_free);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_put);
 
 /**
  * ioasid_find - Find IOASID data
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 03/24] iommu/sva: Add PASID helpers
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 01/24] mm: Add a PASID field to mm_struct Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 02/24] iommu/ioasid: Add ioasid references Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-20  2:41   ` Lu Baolu
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 04/24] iommu: Add a page fault handler Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (21 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

Let IOMMU drivers allocate a single PASID per mm. Store the mm in the
IOASID set to allow refcounting and searching mm by PASID, when handling
an I/O page fault.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/iommu/Kconfig     |  5 +++
 drivers/iommu/Makefile    |  1 +
 drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.h | 15 +++++++
 drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.c | 85 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 106 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.h
 create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.c

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
index 2ab07ce17abb..d9fa5b410015 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
@@ -102,6 +102,11 @@ config IOMMU_DMA
 	select IRQ_MSI_IOMMU
 	select NEED_SG_DMA_LENGTH
 
+# Shared Virtual Addressing library
+config IOMMU_SVA
+	bool
+	select IOASID
+
 config FSL_PAMU
 	bool "Freescale IOMMU support"
 	depends on PCI
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Makefile b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
index 9f33fdb3bb05..40c800dd4e3e 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
@@ -37,3 +37,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_S390_IOMMU) += s390-iommu.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_QCOM_IOMMU) += qcom_iommu.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_HYPERV_IOMMU) += hyperv-iommu.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_IOMMU) += virtio-iommu.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_SVA) += iommu-sva.o
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.h b/drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..78f806fcacbe
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.h
@@ -0,0 +1,15 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/*
+ * SVA library for IOMMU drivers
+ */
+#ifndef _IOMMU_SVA_H
+#define _IOMMU_SVA_H
+
+#include <linux/ioasid.h>
+#include <linux/mm_types.h>
+
+int iommu_sva_alloc_pasid(struct mm_struct *mm, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max);
+void iommu_sva_free_pasid(struct mm_struct *mm);
+struct mm_struct *iommu_sva_find(ioasid_t pasid);
+
+#endif /* _IOMMU_SVA_H */
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.c b/drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..442644a1ade0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.c
@@ -0,0 +1,85 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Helpers for IOMMU drivers implementing SVA
+ */
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
+
+#include "iommu-sva.h"
+
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(iommu_sva_lock);
+static DECLARE_IOASID_SET(shared_pasid);
+
+/**
+ * iommu_sva_alloc_pasid - Allocate a PASID for the mm
+ * @mm: the mm
+ * @min: minimum PASID value (inclusive)
+ * @max: maximum PASID value (inclusive)
+ *
+ * Try to allocate a PASID for this mm, or take a reference to the existing one
+ * provided it fits within the [min, max] range. On success the PASID is
+ * available in mm->pasid, and must be released with iommu_sva_free_pasid().
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success and < 0 on error.
+ */
+int iommu_sva_alloc_pasid(struct mm_struct *mm, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+	ioasid_t pasid;
+
+	if (min == INVALID_IOASID || max == INVALID_IOASID ||
+	    min == 0 || max < min)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&iommu_sva_lock);
+	if (mm->pasid) {
+		if (mm->pasid >= min && mm->pasid <= max)
+			ioasid_get(mm->pasid);
+		else
+			ret = -EOVERFLOW;
+	} else {
+		pasid = ioasid_alloc(&shared_pasid, min, max, mm);
+		if (pasid == INVALID_IOASID)
+			ret = -ENOMEM;
+		else
+			mm->pasid = pasid;
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&iommu_sva_lock);
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_sva_alloc_pasid);
+
+/**
+ * iommu_sva_free_pasid - Release the mm's PASID
+ * @mm: the mm.
+ *
+ * Drop one reference to a PASID allocated with iommu_sva_alloc_pasid()
+ */
+void iommu_sva_free_pasid(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+	mutex_lock(&iommu_sva_lock);
+	if (ioasid_put(mm->pasid))
+		mm->pasid = 0;
+	mutex_unlock(&iommu_sva_lock);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_sva_free_pasid);
+
+/* ioasid wants a void * argument */
+static bool __mmget_not_zero(void *mm)
+{
+	return mmget_not_zero(mm);
+}
+
+/**
+ * iommu_sva_find() - Find mm associated to the given PASID
+ * @pasid: Process Address Space ID assigned to the mm
+ *
+ * On success a reference to the mm is taken, and must be released with mmput().
+ *
+ * Returns the mm corresponding to this PASID, or an error if not found.
+ */
+struct mm_struct *iommu_sva_find(ioasid_t pasid)
+{
+	return ioasid_find(&shared_pasid, pasid, __mmget_not_zero);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_sva_find);
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 04/24] iommu: Add a page fault handler
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 03/24] iommu/sva: Add PASID helpers Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-20  6:42   ` Lu Baolu
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 05/24] arm64: mm: Add asid_gen_match() helper Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (20 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

Some systems allow devices to handle I/O Page Faults in the core mm. For
example systems implementing the PCIe PRI extension or Arm SMMU stall
model. Infrastructure for reporting these recoverable page faults was
added to the IOMMU core by commit 0c830e6b3282 ("iommu: Introduce device
fault report API"). Add a page fault handler for host SVA.

IOMMU driver can now instantiate several fault workqueues and link them
to IOPF-capable devices. Drivers can choose between a single global
workqueue, one per IOMMU device, one per low-level fault queue, one per
domain, etc.

When it receives a fault event, supposedly in an IRQ handler, the IOMMU
driver reports the fault using iommu_report_device_fault(), which calls
the registered handler. The page fault handler then calls the mm fault
handler, and reports either success or failure with iommu_page_response().
When the handler succeeded, the IOMMU retries the access.

The iopf_param pointer could be embedded into iommu_fault_param. But
putting iopf_param into the iommu_param structure allows us not to care
about ordering between calls to iopf_queue_add_device() and
iommu_register_device_fault_handler().

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
v6->v7: Fix leak in iopf_queue_discard_partial()
---
 drivers/iommu/Kconfig      |   4 +
 drivers/iommu/Makefile     |   1 +
 include/linux/iommu.h      |  51 +++++
 drivers/iommu/io-pgfault.c | 459 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 515 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/io-pgfault.c

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
index d9fa5b410015..15e9dc4e503c 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
@@ -107,6 +107,10 @@ config IOMMU_SVA
 	bool
 	select IOASID
 
+config IOMMU_PAGE_FAULT
+	bool
+	select IOMMU_SVA
+
 config FSL_PAMU
 	bool "Freescale IOMMU support"
 	depends on PCI
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Makefile b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
index 40c800dd4e3e..bf5cb4ee8409 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_API) += iommu-traces.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_API) += iommu-sysfs.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_DEBUGFS) += iommu-debugfs.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_DMA) += dma-iommu.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_PAGE_FAULT) += io-pgfault.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE) += io-pgtable.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE_ARMV7S) += io-pgtable-arm-v7s.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE_LPAE) += io-pgtable-arm.o
diff --git a/include/linux/iommu.h b/include/linux/iommu.h
index b62525747bd9..a462157c855b 100644
--- a/include/linux/iommu.h
+++ b/include/linux/iommu.h
@@ -46,6 +46,7 @@ struct iommu_domain;
 struct notifier_block;
 struct iommu_sva;
 struct iommu_fault_event;
+struct iopf_queue;
 
 /* iommu fault flags */
 #define IOMMU_FAULT_READ	0x0
@@ -347,6 +348,7 @@ struct iommu_fault_param {
  * struct dev_iommu - Collection of per-device IOMMU data
  *
  * @fault_param: IOMMU detected device fault reporting data
+ * @iopf_param:	 I/O Page Fault queue and data
  * @fwspec:	 IOMMU fwspec data
  * @priv:	 IOMMU Driver private data
  *
@@ -356,6 +358,7 @@ struct iommu_fault_param {
 struct dev_iommu {
 	struct mutex lock;
 	struct iommu_fault_param	*fault_param;
+	struct iopf_device_param	*iopf_param;
 	struct iommu_fwspec		*fwspec;
 	void				*priv;
 };
@@ -1067,4 +1070,52 @@ void iommu_debugfs_setup(void);
 static inline void iommu_debugfs_setup(void) {}
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_PAGE_FAULT
+extern int iommu_queue_iopf(struct iommu_fault *fault, void *cookie);
+
+extern int iopf_queue_add_device(struct iopf_queue *queue, struct device *dev);
+extern int iopf_queue_remove_device(struct iopf_queue *queue,
+				    struct device *dev);
+extern int iopf_queue_flush_dev(struct device *dev);
+extern struct iopf_queue *iopf_queue_alloc(const char *name);
+extern void iopf_queue_free(struct iopf_queue *queue);
+extern int iopf_queue_discard_partial(struct iopf_queue *queue);
+#else /* CONFIG_IOMMU_PAGE_FAULT */
+static inline int iommu_queue_iopf(struct iommu_fault *fault, void *cookie)
+{
+	return -ENODEV;
+}
+
+static inline int iopf_queue_add_device(struct iopf_queue *queue,
+					struct device *dev)
+{
+	return -ENODEV;
+}
+
+static inline int iopf_queue_remove_device(struct iopf_queue *queue,
+					   struct device *dev)
+{
+	return -ENODEV;
+}
+
+static inline int iopf_queue_flush_dev(struct device *dev)
+{
+	return -ENODEV;
+}
+
+static inline struct iopf_queue *iopf_queue_alloc(const char *name)
+{
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static inline void iopf_queue_free(struct iopf_queue *queue)
+{
+}
+
+static inline int iopf_queue_discard_partial(struct iopf_queue *queue)
+{
+	return -ENODEV;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_IOMMU_PAGE_FAULT */
+
 #endif /* __LINUX_IOMMU_H */
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/io-pgfault.c b/drivers/iommu/io-pgfault.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1f61c1bc05da
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/iommu/io-pgfault.c
@@ -0,0 +1,459 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Handle device page faults
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2020 ARM Ltd.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/iommu.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+
+#include "iommu-sva.h"
+
+/**
+ * struct iopf_queue - IO Page Fault queue
+ * @wq: the fault workqueue
+ * @devices: devices attached to this queue
+ * @lock: protects the device list
+ */
+struct iopf_queue {
+	struct workqueue_struct		*wq;
+	struct list_head		devices;
+	struct mutex			lock;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct iopf_device_param - IO Page Fault data attached to a device
+ * @dev: the device that owns this param
+ * @queue: IOPF queue
+ * @queue_list: index into queue->devices
+ * @partial: faults that are part of a Page Request Group for which the last
+ *           request hasn't been submitted yet.
+ */
+struct iopf_device_param {
+	struct device			*dev;
+	struct iopf_queue		*queue;
+	struct list_head		queue_list;
+	struct list_head		partial;
+};
+
+struct iopf_fault {
+	struct iommu_fault		fault;
+	struct list_head		list;
+};
+
+struct iopf_group {
+	struct iopf_fault		last_fault;
+	struct list_head		faults;
+	struct work_struct		work;
+	struct device			*dev;
+};
+
+static int iopf_complete_group(struct device *dev, struct iopf_fault *iopf,
+			       enum iommu_page_response_code status)
+{
+	struct iommu_page_response resp = {
+		.version		= IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_VERSION_1,
+		.pasid			= iopf->fault.prm.pasid,
+		.grpid			= iopf->fault.prm.grpid,
+		.code			= status,
+	};
+
+	if (iopf->fault.prm.flags & IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQUEST_PASID_VALID)
+		resp.flags = IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_PASID_VALID;
+
+	return iommu_page_response(dev, &resp);
+}
+
+static enum iommu_page_response_code
+iopf_handle_single(struct iopf_fault *iopf)
+{
+	vm_fault_t ret;
+	struct mm_struct *mm;
+	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+	unsigned int access_flags = 0;
+	unsigned int fault_flags = FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE;
+	struct iommu_fault_page_request *prm = &iopf->fault.prm;
+	enum iommu_page_response_code status = IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_INVALID;
+
+	if (!(prm->flags & IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQUEST_PASID_VALID))
+		return status;
+
+	mm = iommu_sva_find(prm->pasid);
+	if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(mm))
+		return status;
+
+	down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+
+	vma = find_extend_vma(mm, prm->addr);
+	if (!vma)
+		/* Unmapped area */
+		goto out_put_mm;
+
+	if (prm->perm & IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_READ)
+		access_flags |= VM_READ;
+
+	if (prm->perm & IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_WRITE) {
+		access_flags |= VM_WRITE;
+		fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_WRITE;
+	}
+
+	if (prm->perm & IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_EXEC) {
+		access_flags |= VM_EXEC;
+		fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION;
+	}
+
+	if (!(prm->perm & IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_PRIV))
+		fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_USER;
+
+	if (access_flags & ~vma->vm_flags)
+		/* Access fault */
+		goto out_put_mm;
+
+	ret = handle_mm_fault(vma, prm->addr, fault_flags);
+	status = ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR ? IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_INVALID :
+		IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_SUCCESS;
+
+out_put_mm:
+	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+	mmput(mm);
+
+	return status;
+}
+
+static void iopf_handle_group(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+	struct iopf_group *group;
+	struct iopf_fault *iopf, *next;
+	enum iommu_page_response_code status = IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_SUCCESS;
+
+	group = container_of(work, struct iopf_group, work);
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(iopf, next, &group->faults, list) {
+		/*
+		 * For the moment, errors are sticky: don't handle subsequent
+		 * faults in the group if there is an error.
+		 */
+		if (status == IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_SUCCESS)
+			status = iopf_handle_single(iopf);
+
+		if (!(iopf->fault.prm.flags &
+		      IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQUEST_LAST_PAGE))
+			kfree(iopf);
+	}
+
+	iopf_complete_group(group->dev, &group->last_fault, status);
+	kfree(group);
+}
+
+/**
+ * iommu_queue_iopf - IO Page Fault handler
+ * @evt: fault event
+ * @cookie: struct device, passed to iommu_register_device_fault_handler.
+ *
+ * Add a fault to the device workqueue, to be handled by mm.
+ *
+ * This module doesn't handle PCI PASID Stop Marker; IOMMU drivers must discard
+ * them before reporting faults. A PASID Stop Marker (LRW = 0b100) doesn't
+ * expect a response. It may be generated when disabling a PASID (issuing a
+ * PASID stop request) by some PCI devices.
+ *
+ * The PASID stop request is issued by the device driver before unbind(). Once
+ * it completes, no page request is generated for this PASID anymore and
+ * outstanding ones have been pushed to the IOMMU (as per PCIe 4.0r1.0 - 6.20.1
+ * and 10.4.1.2 - Managing PASID TLP Prefix Usage). Some PCI devices will wait
+ * for all outstanding page requests to come back with a response before
+ * completing the PASID stop request. Others do not wait for page responses, and
+ * instead issue this Stop Marker that tells us when the PASID can be
+ * reallocated.
+ *
+ * It is safe to discard the Stop Marker because it is an optimization.
+ * a. Page requests, which are posted requests, have been flushed to the IOMMU
+ *    when the stop request completes.
+ * b. We flush all fault queues on unbind() before freeing the PASID.
+ *
+ * So even though the Stop Marker might be issued by the device *after* the stop
+ * request completes, outstanding faults will have been dealt with by the time
+ * we free the PASID.
+ *
+ * Return: 0 on success and <0 on error.
+ */
+int iommu_queue_iopf(struct iommu_fault *fault, void *cookie)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct iopf_group *group;
+	struct iopf_fault *iopf, *next;
+	struct iopf_device_param *iopf_param;
+
+	struct device *dev = cookie;
+	struct dev_iommu *param = dev->iommu;
+
+	lockdep_assert_held(&param->lock);
+
+	if (fault->type != IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQ)
+		/* Not a recoverable page fault */
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+	/*
+	 * As long as we're holding param->lock, the queue can't be unlinked
+	 * from the device and therefore cannot disappear.
+	 */
+	iopf_param = param->iopf_param;
+	if (!iopf_param)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	if (!(fault->prm.flags & IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQUEST_LAST_PAGE)) {
+		iopf = kzalloc(sizeof(*iopf), GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!iopf)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+
+		iopf->fault = *fault;
+
+		/* Non-last request of a group. Postpone until the last one */
+		list_add(&iopf->list, &iopf_param->partial);
+
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	group = kzalloc(sizeof(*group), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!group) {
+		/*
+		 * The caller will send a response to the hardware. But we do
+		 * need to clean up before leaving, otherwise partial faults
+		 * will be stuck.
+		 */
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto cleanup_partial;
+	}
+
+	group->dev = dev;
+	group->last_fault.fault = *fault;
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&group->faults);
+	list_add(&group->last_fault.list, &group->faults);
+	INIT_WORK(&group->work, iopf_handle_group);
+
+	/* See if we have partial faults for this group */
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(iopf, next, &iopf_param->partial, list) {
+		if (iopf->fault.prm.grpid == fault->prm.grpid)
+			/* Insert *before* the last fault */
+			list_move(&iopf->list, &group->faults);
+	}
+
+	queue_work(iopf_param->queue->wq, &group->work);
+	return 0;
+
+cleanup_partial:
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(iopf, next, &iopf_param->partial, list) {
+		if (iopf->fault.prm.grpid == fault->prm.grpid) {
+			list_del(&iopf->list);
+			kfree(iopf);
+		}
+	}
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_queue_iopf);
+
+/**
+ * iopf_queue_flush_dev - Ensure that all queued faults have been processed
+ * @dev: the endpoint whose faults need to be flushed.
+ *
+ * The IOMMU driver calls this before releasing a PASID, to ensure that all
+ * pending faults for this PASID have been handled, and won't hit the address
+ * space of the next process that uses this PASID. The driver must make sure
+ * that no new fault is added to the queue. In particular it must flush its
+ * low-level queue before calling this function.
+ *
+ * Return: 0 on success and <0 on error.
+ */
+int iopf_queue_flush_dev(struct device *dev)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+	struct iopf_device_param *iopf_param;
+	struct dev_iommu *param = dev->iommu;
+
+	if (!param)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	mutex_lock(&param->lock);
+	iopf_param = param->iopf_param;
+	if (iopf_param)
+		flush_workqueue(iopf_param->queue->wq);
+	else
+		ret = -ENODEV;
+	mutex_unlock(&param->lock);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iopf_queue_flush_dev);
+
+/**
+ * iopf_queue_discard_partial - Remove all pending partial fault
+ * @queue: the queue whose partial faults need to be discarded
+ *
+ * When the hardware queue overflows, last page faults in a group may have been
+ * lost and the IOMMU driver calls this to discard all partial faults. The
+ * driver shouldn't be adding new faults to this queue concurrently.
+ *
+ * Return: 0 on success and <0 on error.
+ */
+int iopf_queue_discard_partial(struct iopf_queue *queue)
+{
+	struct iopf_fault *iopf, *next;
+	struct iopf_device_param *iopf_param;
+
+	if (!queue)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&queue->lock);
+	list_for_each_entry(iopf_param, &queue->devices, queue_list) {
+		list_for_each_entry_safe(iopf, next, &iopf_param->partial,
+					 list) {
+			list_del(&iopf->list);
+			kfree(iopf);
+		}
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&queue->lock);
+	return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iopf_queue_discard_partial);
+
+/**
+ * iopf_queue_add_device - Add producer to the fault queue
+ * @queue: IOPF queue
+ * @dev: device to add
+ *
+ * Return: 0 on success and <0 on error.
+ */
+int iopf_queue_add_device(struct iopf_queue *queue, struct device *dev)
+{
+	int ret = -EBUSY;
+	struct iopf_device_param *iopf_param;
+	struct dev_iommu *param = dev->iommu;
+
+	if (!param)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	iopf_param = kzalloc(sizeof(*iopf_param), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!iopf_param)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&iopf_param->partial);
+	iopf_param->queue = queue; iopf_param->dev = dev;
+
+	mutex_lock(&queue->lock);
+	mutex_lock(&param->lock);
+	if (!param->iopf_param) {
+		list_add(&iopf_param->queue_list, &queue->devices);
+		param->iopf_param = iopf_param;
+		ret = 0;
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&param->lock);
+	mutex_unlock(&queue->lock);
+
+	if (ret)
+		kfree(iopf_param);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iopf_queue_add_device);
+
+/**
+ * iopf_queue_remove_device - Remove producer from fault queue
+ * @queue: IOPF queue
+ * @dev: device to remove
+ *
+ * Caller makes sure that no more faults are reported for this device.
+ *
+ * Return: 0 on success and <0 on error.
+ */
+int iopf_queue_remove_device(struct iopf_queue *queue, struct device *dev)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+	struct iopf_fault *iopf, *next;
+	struct iopf_device_param *iopf_param;
+	struct dev_iommu *param = dev->iommu;
+
+	if (!param || !queue)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&queue->lock);
+	mutex_lock(&param->lock);
+	iopf_param = param->iopf_param;
+	if (iopf_param && iopf_param->queue == queue) {
+		list_del(&iopf_param->queue_list);
+		param->iopf_param = NULL;
+	} else {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&param->lock);
+	mutex_unlock(&queue->lock);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	/* Just in case some faults are still stuck */
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(iopf, next, &iopf_param->partial, list)
+		kfree(iopf);
+
+	kfree(iopf_param);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iopf_queue_remove_device);
+
+/**
+ * iopf_queue_alloc - Allocate and initialize a fault queue
+ * @name: a unique string identifying the queue (for workqueue)
+ *
+ * Return: the queue on success and NULL on error.
+ */
+struct iopf_queue *iopf_queue_alloc(const char *name)
+{
+	struct iopf_queue *queue;
+
+	queue = kzalloc(sizeof(*queue), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!queue)
+		return NULL;
+
+	/*
+	 * The WQ is unordered because the low-level handler enqueues faults by
+	 * group. PRI requests within a group have to be ordered, but once
+	 * that's dealt with, the high-level function can handle groups out of
+	 * order.
+	 */
+	queue->wq = alloc_workqueue("iopf_queue/%s", WQ_UNBOUND, 0, name);
+	if (!queue->wq) {
+		kfree(queue);
+		return NULL;
+	}
+
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&queue->devices);
+	mutex_init(&queue->lock);
+
+	return queue;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iopf_queue_alloc);
+
+/**
+ * iopf_queue_free - Free IOPF queue
+ * @queue: queue to free
+ *
+ * Counterpart to iopf_queue_alloc(). The driver must not be queuing faults or
+ * adding/removing devices on this queue anymore.
+ */
+void iopf_queue_free(struct iopf_queue *queue)
+{
+	struct iopf_device_param *iopf_param, *next;
+
+	if (!queue)
+		return;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(iopf_param, next, &queue->devices, queue_list)
+		iopf_queue_remove_device(queue, iopf_param->dev);
+
+	destroy_workqueue(queue->wq);
+	kfree(queue);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iopf_queue_free);
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 05/24] arm64: mm: Add asid_gen_match() helper
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 04/24] iommu: Add a page fault handler Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 06/24] arm64: mm: Pin down ASIDs for sharing mm with devices Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (19 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

Add a macro to check if an ASID is from the current generation, since a
subsequent patch will introduce a third user for this test.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 arch/arm64/mm/context.c | 8 +++++---
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
index 9b26f9a88724..d702d60e64da 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
@@ -92,6 +92,9 @@ static void set_reserved_asid_bits(void)
 		bitmap_clear(asid_map, 0, NUM_USER_ASIDS);
 }
 
+#define asid_gen_match(asid) \
+	(!(((asid) ^ atomic64_read(&asid_generation)) >> asid_bits))
+
 static void flush_context(void)
 {
 	int i;
@@ -220,8 +223,7 @@ void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
 	 *   because atomic RmWs are totally ordered for a given location.
 	 */
 	old_active_asid = atomic64_read(&per_cpu(active_asids, cpu));
-	if (old_active_asid &&
-	    !((asid ^ atomic64_read(&asid_generation)) >> asid_bits) &&
+	if (old_active_asid && asid_gen_match(asid) &&
 	    atomic64_cmpxchg_relaxed(&per_cpu(active_asids, cpu),
 				     old_active_asid, asid))
 		goto switch_mm_fastpath;
@@ -229,7 +231,7 @@ void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
 	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&cpu_asid_lock, flags);
 	/* Check that our ASID belongs to the current generation. */
 	asid = atomic64_read(&mm->context.id);
-	if ((asid ^ atomic64_read(&asid_generation)) >> asid_bits) {
+	if (!asid_gen_match(asid)) {
 		asid = new_context(mm);
 		atomic64_set(&mm->context.id, asid);
 	}
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 06/24] arm64: mm: Pin down ASIDs for sharing mm with devices
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 05/24] arm64: mm: Add asid_gen_match() helper Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 07/24] iommu/io-pgtable-arm: Move some definitions to a header Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (18 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

To enable address space sharing with the IOMMU, introduce mm_context_get()
and mm_context_put(), that pin down a context and ensure that it will keep
its ASID after a rollover. Export the symbols to let the modular SMMUv3
driver use them.

Pinning is necessary because a device constantly needs a valid ASID,
unlike tasks that only require one when running. Without pinning, we would
need to notify the IOMMU when we're about to use a new ASID for a task,
and it would get complicated when a new task is assigned a shared ASID.
Consider the following scenario with no ASID pinned:

1. Task t1 is running on CPUx with shared ASID (gen=1, asid=1)
2. Task t2 is scheduled on CPUx, gets ASID (1, 2)
3. Task tn is scheduled on CPUy, a rollover occurs, tn gets ASID (2, 1)
   We would now have to immediately generate a new ASID for t1, notify
   the IOMMU, and finally enable task tn. We are holding the lock during
   all that time, since we can't afford having another CPU trigger a
   rollover. The IOMMU issues invalidation commands that can take tens of
   milliseconds.

It gets needlessly complicated. All we wanted to do was schedule task tn,
that has no business with the IOMMU. By letting the IOMMU pin tasks when
needed, we avoid stalling the slow path, and let the pinning fail when
we're out of shareable ASIDs.

After a rollover, the allocator expects at least one ASID to be available
in addition to the reserved ones (one per CPU). So (NR_ASIDS - NR_CPUS -
1) is the maximum number of ASIDs that can be shared with the IOMMU.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h         |  1 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu_context.h | 11 +++-
 arch/arm64/mm/context.c              | 95 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 3 files changed, 104 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h
index 68140fdd89d6..bbdd291e31d5 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
 
 typedef struct {
 	atomic64_t	id;
+	unsigned long	pinned;
 	void		*vdso;
 	unsigned long	flags;
 } mm_context_t;
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu_context.h
index ab46187c6300..69599a64945b 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu_context.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu_context.h
@@ -177,7 +177,13 @@ static inline void cpu_replace_ttbr1(pgd_t *pgdp)
 #define destroy_context(mm)		do { } while(0)
 void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu);
 
-#define init_new_context(tsk,mm)	({ atomic64_set(&(mm)->context.id, 0); 0; })
+static inline int
+init_new_context(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+	atomic64_set(&mm->context.id, 0);
+	mm->context.pinned = 0;
+	return 0;
+}
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_SW_TTBR0_PAN
 static inline void update_saved_ttbr0(struct task_struct *tsk,
@@ -250,6 +256,9 @@ switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
 void verify_cpu_asid_bits(void);
 void post_ttbr_update_workaround(void);
 
+unsigned long mm_context_get(struct mm_struct *mm);
+void mm_context_put(struct mm_struct *mm);
+
 #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
 
 #endif /* !__ASM_MMU_CONTEXT_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
index d702d60e64da..d0ddd413f564 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
@@ -27,6 +27,10 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic64_t, active_asids);
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, reserved_asids);
 static cpumask_t tlb_flush_pending;
 
+static unsigned long max_pinned_asids;
+static unsigned long nr_pinned_asids;
+static unsigned long *pinned_asid_map;
+
 #define ASID_MASK		(~GENMASK(asid_bits - 1, 0))
 #define ASID_FIRST_VERSION	(1UL << asid_bits)
 
@@ -74,6 +78,9 @@ void verify_cpu_asid_bits(void)
 
 static void set_kpti_asid_bits(void)
 {
+	unsigned int k;
+	u8 *dst = (u8 *)asid_map;
+	u8 *src = (u8 *)pinned_asid_map;
 	unsigned int len = BITS_TO_LONGS(NUM_USER_ASIDS) * sizeof(unsigned long);
 	/*
 	 * In case of KPTI kernel/user ASIDs are allocated in
@@ -81,7 +88,8 @@ static void set_kpti_asid_bits(void)
 	 * is set, then the ASID will map only userspace. Thus
 	 * mark even as reserved for kernel.
 	 */
-	memset(asid_map, 0xaa, len);
+	for (k = 0; k < len; k++)
+		dst[k] = src[k] | 0xaa;
 }
 
 static void set_reserved_asid_bits(void)
@@ -89,7 +97,7 @@ static void set_reserved_asid_bits(void)
 	if (arm64_kernel_unmapped_at_el0())
 		set_kpti_asid_bits();
 	else
-		bitmap_clear(asid_map, 0, NUM_USER_ASIDS);
+		bitmap_copy(asid_map, pinned_asid_map, NUM_USER_ASIDS);
 }
 
 #define asid_gen_match(asid) \
@@ -165,6 +173,14 @@ static u64 new_context(struct mm_struct *mm)
 		if (check_update_reserved_asid(asid, newasid))
 			return newasid;
 
+		/*
+		 * If it is pinned, we can keep using it. Note that reserved
+		 * takes priority, because even if it is also pinned, we need to
+		 * update the generation into the reserved_asids.
+		 */
+		if (mm->context.pinned)
+			return newasid;
+
 		/*
 		 * We had a valid ASID in a previous life, so try to re-use
 		 * it if possible.
@@ -254,6 +270,68 @@ void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
 		cpu_switch_mm(mm->pgd, mm);
 }
 
+unsigned long mm_context_get(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	u64 asid;
+
+	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&cpu_asid_lock, flags);
+
+	asid = atomic64_read(&mm->context.id);
+
+	if (mm->context.pinned) {
+		mm->context.pinned++;
+		asid &= ~ASID_MASK;
+		goto out_unlock;
+	}
+
+	if (nr_pinned_asids >= max_pinned_asids) {
+		asid = 0;
+		goto out_unlock;
+	}
+
+	if (!asid_gen_match(asid)) {
+		/*
+		 * We went through one or more rollover since that ASID was
+		 * used. Ensure that it is still valid, or generate a new one.
+		 */
+		asid = new_context(mm);
+		atomic64_set(&mm->context.id, asid);
+	}
+
+	asid &= ~ASID_MASK;
+
+	nr_pinned_asids++;
+	__set_bit(asid2idx(asid), pinned_asid_map);
+	mm->context.pinned++;
+
+out_unlock:
+	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cpu_asid_lock, flags);
+
+	/* Set the equivalent of USER_ASID_BIT */
+	if (asid && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0))
+		asid |= 1;
+
+	return asid;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_context_get);
+
+void mm_context_put(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	u64 asid = atomic64_read(&mm->context.id) & ~ASID_MASK;
+
+	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&cpu_asid_lock, flags);
+
+	if (--mm->context.pinned == 0) {
+		__clear_bit(asid2idx(asid), pinned_asid_map);
+		nr_pinned_asids--;
+	}
+
+	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cpu_asid_lock, flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_context_put);
+
 /* Errata workaround post TTBRx_EL1 update. */
 asmlinkage void post_ttbr_update_workaround(void)
 {
@@ -303,6 +381,13 @@ static int asids_update_limit(void)
 	WARN_ON(num_available_asids - 1 <= num_possible_cpus());
 	pr_info("ASID allocator initialised with %lu entries\n",
 		num_available_asids);
+
+	/*
+	 * We assume that an ASID is always available after a rollover. This
+	 * means that even if all CPUs have a reserved ASID, there still is at
+	 * least one slot available in the asid map.
+	 */
+	max_pinned_asids = num_available_asids - num_possible_cpus() - 2;
 	return 0;
 }
 arch_initcall(asids_update_limit);
@@ -317,6 +402,12 @@ static int asids_init(void)
 		panic("Failed to allocate bitmap for %lu ASIDs\n",
 		      NUM_USER_ASIDS);
 
+	pinned_asid_map = kcalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(NUM_USER_ASIDS),
+				  sizeof(*pinned_asid_map), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!pinned_asid_map)
+		panic("Failed to allocate pinned ASID bitmap\n");
+	nr_pinned_asids = 0;
+
 	/*
 	 * We cannot call set_reserved_asid_bits() here because CPU
 	 * caps are not finalized yet, so it is safer to assume KPTI
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 07/24] iommu/io-pgtable-arm: Move some definitions to a header
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 06/24] arm64: mm: Pin down ASIDs for sharing mm with devices Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-21 14:16   ` Will Deacon
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 08/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Manage ASIDs with xarray Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (17 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

Extract some of the most generic TCR defines, so they can be reused by
the page table sharing code.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.h | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c | 27 ++-------------------------
 MAINTAINERS                    |  3 +--
 3 files changed, 33 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.h

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.h b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ba7cfdf7afa0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.h
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+#ifndef IO_PGTABLE_ARM_H_
+#define IO_PGTABLE_ARM_H_
+
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_TG0_4K		0
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_TG0_64K		1
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_TG0_16K		2
+
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_TG1_16K		1
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_TG1_4K		2
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_TG1_64K		3
+
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_SH_NS		0
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_SH_OS		2
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_SH_IS		3
+
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_RGN_NC		0
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_RGN_WBWA		1
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_RGN_WT		2
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_RGN_WB		3
+
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_PS_32_BIT		0x0ULL
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_PS_36_BIT		0x1ULL
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_PS_40_BIT		0x2ULL
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_PS_42_BIT		0x3ULL
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_PS_44_BIT		0x4ULL
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_PS_48_BIT		0x5ULL
+#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_PS_52_BIT		0x6ULL
+
+#endif /* IO_PGTABLE_ARM_H_ */
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c
index 04fbd4bf0ff9..f71a2eade04a 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c
@@ -20,6 +20,8 @@
 
 #include <asm/barrier.h>
 
+#include "io-pgtable-arm.h"
+
 #define ARM_LPAE_MAX_ADDR_BITS		52
 #define ARM_LPAE_S2_MAX_CONCAT_PAGES	16
 #define ARM_LPAE_MAX_LEVELS		4
@@ -100,23 +102,6 @@
 #define ARM_LPAE_PTE_MEMATTR_DEV	(((arm_lpae_iopte)0x1) << 2)
 
 /* Register bits */
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_TG0_4K		0
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_TG0_64K		1
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_TG0_16K		2
-
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_TG1_16K		1
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_TG1_4K		2
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_TG1_64K		3
-
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_SH_NS		0
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_SH_OS		2
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_SH_IS		3
-
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_RGN_NC		0
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_RGN_WBWA		1
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_RGN_WT		2
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_RGN_WB		3
-
 #define ARM_LPAE_VTCR_SL0_MASK		0x3
 
 #define ARM_LPAE_TCR_T0SZ_SHIFT		0
@@ -124,14 +109,6 @@
 #define ARM_LPAE_VTCR_PS_SHIFT		16
 #define ARM_LPAE_VTCR_PS_MASK		0x7
 
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_PS_32_BIT		0x0ULL
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_PS_36_BIT		0x1ULL
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_PS_40_BIT		0x2ULL
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_PS_42_BIT		0x3ULL
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_PS_44_BIT		0x4ULL
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_PS_48_BIT		0x5ULL
-#define ARM_LPAE_TCR_PS_52_BIT		0x6ULL
-
 #define ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_SHIFT(n)	((n) << 3)
 #define ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_MASK		0xff
 #define ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_DEVICE	0x04
diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index ecc0749810b0..4ff7b9a5bb7d 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -1463,8 +1463,7 @@ L:	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org (moderated for non-subscribers)
 S:	Maintained
 F:	Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iommu/arm,smmu*
 F:	drivers/iommu/arm-smmu*
-F:	drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm-v7s.c
-F:	drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c
+F:	drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm*
 
 ARM SUB-ARCHITECTURES
 L:	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org (moderated for non-subscribers)
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 08/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Manage ASIDs with xarray
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 07/24] iommu/io-pgtable-arm: Move some definitions to a header Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 09/24] arm64: cpufeature: Export symbol read_sanitised_ftr_reg() Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (16 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

In preparation for sharing some ASIDs with the CPU, use a global xarray to
store ASIDs and their context. ASID#0 is now reserved, and the ASID
space is global.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 27 ++++++++++++++++++---------
 1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
index b5467e3e9250..847c7de0a93f 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
@@ -667,7 +667,6 @@ struct arm_smmu_device {
 
 #define ARM_SMMU_MAX_ASIDS		(1 << 16)
 	unsigned int			asid_bits;
-	DECLARE_BITMAP(asid_map, ARM_SMMU_MAX_ASIDS);
 
 #define ARM_SMMU_MAX_VMIDS		(1 << 16)
 	unsigned int			vmid_bits;
@@ -727,6 +726,8 @@ struct arm_smmu_option_prop {
 	const char *prop;
 };
 
+static DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC1(asid_xa);
+
 static struct arm_smmu_option_prop arm_smmu_options[] = {
 	{ ARM_SMMU_OPT_SKIP_PREFETCH, "hisilicon,broken-prefetch-cmd" },
 	{ ARM_SMMU_OPT_PAGE0_REGS_ONLY, "cavium,cn9900-broken-page1-regspace"},
@@ -1765,6 +1766,14 @@ static void arm_smmu_free_cd_tables(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain)
 	cdcfg->cdtab = NULL;
 }
 
+static void arm_smmu_free_asid(struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *cd)
+{
+	if (!cd->asid)
+		return;
+
+	xa_erase(&asid_xa, cd->asid);
+}
+
 /* Stream table manipulation functions */
 static void
 arm_smmu_write_strtab_l1_desc(__le64 *dst, struct arm_smmu_strtab_l1_desc *desc)
@@ -2450,10 +2459,9 @@ static void arm_smmu_domain_free(struct iommu_domain *domain)
 	if (smmu_domain->stage == ARM_SMMU_DOMAIN_S1) {
 		struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg *cfg = &smmu_domain->s1_cfg;
 
-		if (cfg->cdcfg.cdtab) {
+		if (cfg->cdcfg.cdtab)
 			arm_smmu_free_cd_tables(smmu_domain);
-			arm_smmu_bitmap_free(smmu->asid_map, cfg->cd.asid);
-		}
+		arm_smmu_free_asid(&cfg->cd);
 	} else {
 		struct arm_smmu_s2_cfg *cfg = &smmu_domain->s2_cfg;
 		if (cfg->vmid)
@@ -2468,14 +2476,15 @@ static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise_s1(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
 				       struct io_pgtable_cfg *pgtbl_cfg)
 {
 	int ret;
-	int asid;
+	u32 asid;
 	struct arm_smmu_device *smmu = smmu_domain->smmu;
 	struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg *cfg = &smmu_domain->s1_cfg;
 	typeof(&pgtbl_cfg->arm_lpae_s1_cfg.tcr) tcr = &pgtbl_cfg->arm_lpae_s1_cfg.tcr;
 
-	asid = arm_smmu_bitmap_alloc(smmu->asid_map, smmu->asid_bits);
-	if (asid < 0)
-		return asid;
+	ret = xa_alloc(&asid_xa, &asid, &cfg->cd,
+		       XA_LIMIT(1, (1 << smmu->asid_bits) - 1), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
 
 	cfg->s1cdmax = master->ssid_bits;
 
@@ -2508,7 +2517,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise_s1(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
 out_free_cd_tables:
 	arm_smmu_free_cd_tables(smmu_domain);
 out_free_asid:
-	arm_smmu_bitmap_free(smmu->asid_map, asid);
+	arm_smmu_free_asid(&cfg->cd);
 	return ret;
 }
 
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 09/24] arm64: cpufeature: Export symbol read_sanitised_ftr_reg()
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (7 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 08/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Manage ASIDs with xarray Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 10/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Share process page tables Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (15 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, Suzuki K Poulose,
	robin.murphy, hch, zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker,
	felix.kuehling, will, christian.koenig

The SMMUv3 driver would like to read the MMFR0 PARANGE field in order to
share CPU page tables with devices. Allow the driver to be built as
module by exporting the read_sanitized_ftr_reg() cpufeature symbol.

Acked-by: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c | 1 +
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
index 9fac745aa7bb..5f6adbf4ae89 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
@@ -841,6 +841,7 @@ u64 read_sanitised_ftr_reg(u32 id)
 	BUG_ON(!regp);
 	return regp->sys_val;
 }
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(read_sanitised_ftr_reg);
 
 #define read_sysreg_case(r)	\
 	case r:		return read_sysreg_s(r)
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 10/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Share process page tables
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (8 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 09/24] arm64: cpufeature: Export symbol read_sanitised_ftr_reg() Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 11/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Seize private ASID Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (14 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, Suzuki K Poulose,
	robin.murphy, hch, zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker,
	felix.kuehling, will, christian.koenig

With Shared Virtual Addressing (SVA), we need to mirror CPU TTBR, TCR,
MAIR and ASIDs in SMMU contexts. Each SMMU has a single ASID space split
into two sets, shared and private. Shared ASIDs correspond to those
obtained from the arch ASID allocator, and private ASIDs are used for
"classic" map/unmap DMA.

Each mm_struct shared with the SMMU will have a single context
descriptor. Add a refcount to keep track of this. It will be protected
by the global SVA lock.

Acked-by: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
v6->v7: Add lockdep annotations for sva_lock
---
 drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 153 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 149 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
index 847c7de0a93f..52cbdf08f5e2 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@
 #include <linux/iommu.h>
 #include <linux/iopoll.h>
 #include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/mmu_context.h>
 #include <linux/msi.h>
 #include <linux/of.h>
 #include <linux/of_address.h>
@@ -33,6 +34,8 @@
 
 #include <linux/amba/bus.h>
 
+#include "io-pgtable-arm.h"
+
 /* MMIO registers */
 #define ARM_SMMU_IDR0			0x0
 #define IDR0_ST_LVL			GENMASK(28, 27)
@@ -589,6 +592,9 @@ struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc {
 	u64				ttbr;
 	u64				tcr;
 	u64				mair;
+
+	refcount_t			refs;
+	struct mm_struct		*mm;
 };
 
 struct arm_smmu_l1_ctx_desc {
@@ -727,6 +733,7 @@ struct arm_smmu_option_prop {
 };
 
 static DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC1(asid_xa);
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(sva_lock);
 
 static struct arm_smmu_option_prop arm_smmu_options[] = {
 	{ ARM_SMMU_OPT_SKIP_PREFETCH, "hisilicon,broken-prefetch-cmd" },
@@ -1662,7 +1669,8 @@ static int arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
 #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
 			CTXDESC_CD_0_ENDI |
 #endif
-			CTXDESC_CD_0_R | CTXDESC_CD_0_A | CTXDESC_CD_0_ASET |
+			CTXDESC_CD_0_R | CTXDESC_CD_0_A |
+			(cd->mm ? 0 : CTXDESC_CD_0_ASET) |
 			CTXDESC_CD_0_AA64 |
 			FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_ASID, cd->asid) |
 			CTXDESC_CD_0_V;
@@ -1766,12 +1774,147 @@ static void arm_smmu_free_cd_tables(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain)
 	cdcfg->cdtab = NULL;
 }
 
-static void arm_smmu_free_asid(struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *cd)
+static void arm_smmu_init_cd(struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *cd)
 {
+	refcount_set(&cd->refs, 1);
+}
+
+static bool arm_smmu_free_asid(struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *cd)
+{
+	bool free;
+	struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *old_cd;
+
 	if (!cd->asid)
-		return;
+		return false;
+
+	free = refcount_dec_and_test(&cd->refs);
+	if (free) {
+		old_cd = xa_erase(&asid_xa, cd->asid);
+		WARN_ON(old_cd != cd);
+	}
+	return free;
+}
+
+static struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *arm_smmu_share_asid(u16 asid)
+{
+	struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *cd;
+
+	cd = xa_load(&asid_xa, asid);
+	if (!cd)
+		return NULL;
+
+	if (cd->mm) {
+		/* All devices bound to this mm use the same cd struct. */
+		refcount_inc(&cd->refs);
+		return cd;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Ouch, ASID is already in use for a private cd.
+	 * TODO: seize it.
+	 */
+	return ERR_PTR(-EEXIST);
+}
+
+__maybe_unused
+static struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *arm_smmu_alloc_shared_cd(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+	u16 asid;
+	int ret = 0;
+	u64 tcr, par, reg;
+	struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *cd;
+	struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *old_cd = NULL;
+
+	lockdep_assert_held(&sva_lock);
+
+	asid = mm_context_get(mm);
+	if (!asid)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ESRCH);
 
-	xa_erase(&asid_xa, cd->asid);
+	cd = kzalloc(sizeof(*cd), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!cd) {
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto err_put_context;
+	}
+
+	arm_smmu_init_cd(cd);
+
+	old_cd = arm_smmu_share_asid(asid);
+	if (IS_ERR(old_cd)) {
+		ret = PTR_ERR(old_cd);
+		goto err_free_cd;
+	} else if (old_cd) {
+		if (WARN_ON(old_cd->mm != mm)) {
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+			goto err_free_cd;
+		}
+		kfree(cd);
+		mm_context_put(mm);
+		return old_cd;
+	}
+
+	/* Fails if a private ASID has been allocated since we last checked */
+	ret = xa_insert(&asid_xa, asid, cd, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_free_cd;
+
+	tcr = FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_T0SZ, 64ULL - VA_BITS) |
+	      FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_IRGN0, ARM_LPAE_TCR_RGN_WBWA) |
+	      FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_ORGN0, ARM_LPAE_TCR_RGN_WBWA) |
+	      FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_SH0, ARM_LPAE_TCR_SH_IS) |
+	      CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_EPD1 | CTXDESC_CD_0_AA64;
+
+	switch (PAGE_SIZE) {
+	case SZ_4K:
+		tcr |= FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_TG0, ARM_LPAE_TCR_TG0_4K);
+		break;
+	case SZ_16K:
+		tcr |= FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_TG0, ARM_LPAE_TCR_TG0_16K);
+		break;
+	case SZ_64K:
+		tcr |= FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_TG0, ARM_LPAE_TCR_TG0_64K);
+		break;
+	default:
+		WARN_ON(1);
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto err_free_asid;
+	}
+
+	reg = read_sanitised_ftr_reg(SYS_ID_AA64MMFR0_EL1);
+	par = cpuid_feature_extract_unsigned_field(reg, ID_AA64MMFR0_PARANGE_SHIFT);
+	tcr |= FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_IPS, par);
+
+	cd->ttbr = virt_to_phys(mm->pgd);
+	cd->tcr = tcr;
+	/*
+	 * MAIR value is pretty much constant and global, so we can just get it
+	 * from the current CPU register
+	 */
+	cd->mair = read_sysreg(mair_el1);
+	cd->asid = asid;
+	cd->mm = mm;
+
+	return cd;
+
+err_free_asid:
+	arm_smmu_free_asid(cd);
+err_free_cd:
+	kfree(cd);
+err_put_context:
+	mm_context_put(mm);
+	return ERR_PTR(ret);
+}
+
+__maybe_unused
+static void arm_smmu_free_shared_cd(struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *cd)
+{
+	lockdep_assert_held(&sva_lock);
+
+	if (arm_smmu_free_asid(cd)) {
+		/* Unpin ASID */
+		mm_context_put(cd->mm);
+		kfree(cd);
+	}
 }
 
 /* Stream table manipulation functions */
@@ -2481,6 +2624,8 @@ static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise_s1(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
 	struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg *cfg = &smmu_domain->s1_cfg;
 	typeof(&pgtbl_cfg->arm_lpae_s1_cfg.tcr) tcr = &pgtbl_cfg->arm_lpae_s1_cfg.tcr;
 
+	arm_smmu_init_cd(&cfg->cd);
+
 	ret = xa_alloc(&asid_xa, &asid, &cfg->cd,
 		       XA_LIMIT(1, (1 << smmu->asid_bits) - 1), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (ret)
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 11/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Seize private ASID
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (9 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 10/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Share process page tables Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 12/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for VHE Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (13 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

The SMMU has a single ASID space, the union of shared and private ASID
sets. This means that the SMMU driver competes with the arch allocator
for ASIDs. Shared ASIDs are those of Linux processes, allocated by the
arch, and contribute in broadcast TLB maintenance. Private ASIDs are
allocated by the SMMU driver and used for "classic" map/unmap DMA. They
require command-queue TLB invalidations.

When we pin down an mm_context and get an ASID that is already in use by
the SMMU, it belongs to a private context. We used to simply abort the
bind, but this is unfair to users that would be unable to bind a few
seemingly random processes. Try to allocate a new private ASID for the
context, and make the old ASID shared.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
v6->v7: Replace context_lock spinlock with asid_lock mutex, remove
  GFP_ATOMIC changes, add comments about locking.
---
 drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 100 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
 1 file changed, 80 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
index 52cbdf08f5e2..403871d36438 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
@@ -733,6 +733,7 @@ struct arm_smmu_option_prop {
 };
 
 static DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC1(asid_xa);
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(asid_lock);
 static DEFINE_MUTEX(sva_lock);
 
 static struct arm_smmu_option_prop arm_smmu_options[] = {
@@ -1537,6 +1538,17 @@ static int arm_smmu_cmdq_batch_submit(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu,
 }
 
 /* Context descriptor manipulation functions */
+static void arm_smmu_tlb_inv_asid(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu, u16 asid)
+{
+	struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent cmd = {
+		.opcode = CMDQ_OP_TLBI_NH_ASID,
+		.tlbi.asid = asid,
+	};
+
+	arm_smmu_cmdq_issue_cmd(smmu, &cmd);
+	arm_smmu_cmdq_issue_sync(smmu);
+}
+
 static void arm_smmu_sync_cd(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
 			     int ssid, bool leaf)
 {
@@ -1795,9 +1807,18 @@ static bool arm_smmu_free_asid(struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *cd)
 	return free;
 }
 
+/*
+ * Try to reserve this ASID in the SMMU. If it is in use, try to steal it from
+ * the private entry. Careful here, we may be modifying the context tables of
+ * another SMMU!
+ */
 static struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *arm_smmu_share_asid(u16 asid)
 {
+	int ret;
+	u32 new_asid;
 	struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *cd;
+	struct arm_smmu_device *smmu;
+	struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain;
 
 	cd = xa_load(&asid_xa, asid);
 	if (!cd)
@@ -1809,11 +1830,31 @@ static struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *arm_smmu_share_asid(u16 asid)
 		return cd;
 	}
 
+	smmu_domain = container_of(cd, struct arm_smmu_domain, s1_cfg.cd);
+	smmu = smmu_domain->smmu;
+
+	ret = xa_alloc(&asid_xa, &new_asid, cd,
+		       XA_LIMIT(1, 1 << smmu->asid_bits), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (ret)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC);
+	/*
+	 * Race with unmap: TLB invalidations will start targeting the new ASID,
+	 * which isn't assigned yet. We'll do an invalidate-all on the old ASID
+	 * later, so it doesn't matter.
+	 */
+	cd->asid = new_asid;
+
 	/*
-	 * Ouch, ASID is already in use for a private cd.
-	 * TODO: seize it.
+	 * Update ASID and invalidate CD in all associated masters. There will
+	 * be some overlap between use of both ASIDs, until we invalidate the
+	 * TLB.
 	 */
-	return ERR_PTR(-EEXIST);
+	arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(smmu_domain, 0, cd);
+
+	/* Invalidate TLB entries previously associated with that context */
+	arm_smmu_tlb_inv_asid(smmu, asid);
+
+	return NULL;
 }
 
 __maybe_unused
@@ -1839,7 +1880,20 @@ static struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *arm_smmu_alloc_shared_cd(struct mm_struct *mm)
 
 	arm_smmu_init_cd(cd);
 
+	/*
+	 * Serialize against arm_smmu_domain_finalise_s1() and
+	 * arm_smmu_domain_free() as we might need to replace the private ASID
+	 * from an existing CD.
+	 */
+	mutex_lock(&asid_lock);
 	old_cd = arm_smmu_share_asid(asid);
+	if (!old_cd) {
+		ret = xa_insert(&asid_xa, asid, cd, GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (ret)
+			old_cd = ERR_PTR(ret);
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&asid_lock);
+
 	if (IS_ERR(old_cd)) {
 		ret = PTR_ERR(old_cd);
 		goto err_free_cd;
@@ -1853,11 +1907,6 @@ static struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *arm_smmu_alloc_shared_cd(struct mm_struct *mm)
 		return old_cd;
 	}
 
-	/* Fails if a private ASID has been allocated since we last checked */
-	ret = xa_insert(&asid_xa, asid, cd, GFP_KERNEL);
-	if (ret)
-		goto err_free_cd;
-
 	tcr = FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_T0SZ, 64ULL - VA_BITS) |
 	      FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_IRGN0, ARM_LPAE_TCR_RGN_WBWA) |
 	      FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_ORGN0, ARM_LPAE_TCR_RGN_WBWA) |
@@ -2401,15 +2450,6 @@ static void arm_smmu_tlb_inv_context(void *cookie)
 	struct arm_smmu_device *smmu = smmu_domain->smmu;
 	struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent cmd;
 
-	if (smmu_domain->stage == ARM_SMMU_DOMAIN_S1) {
-		cmd.opcode	= CMDQ_OP_TLBI_NH_ASID;
-		cmd.tlbi.asid	= smmu_domain->s1_cfg.cd.asid;
-		cmd.tlbi.vmid	= 0;
-	} else {
-		cmd.opcode	= CMDQ_OP_TLBI_S12_VMALL;
-		cmd.tlbi.vmid	= smmu_domain->s2_cfg.vmid;
-	}
-
 	/*
 	 * NOTE: when io-pgtable is in non-strict mode, we may get here with
 	 * PTEs previously cleared by unmaps on the current CPU not yet visible
@@ -2417,8 +2457,14 @@ static void arm_smmu_tlb_inv_context(void *cookie)
 	 * insertion to guarantee those are observed before the TLBI. Do be
 	 * careful, 007.
 	 */
-	arm_smmu_cmdq_issue_cmd(smmu, &cmd);
-	arm_smmu_cmdq_issue_sync(smmu);
+	if (smmu_domain->stage == ARM_SMMU_DOMAIN_S1) {
+		arm_smmu_tlb_inv_asid(smmu, smmu_domain->s1_cfg.cd.asid);
+	} else {
+		cmd.opcode	= CMDQ_OP_TLBI_S12_VMALL;
+		cmd.tlbi.vmid	= smmu_domain->s2_cfg.vmid;
+		arm_smmu_cmdq_issue_cmd(smmu, &cmd);
+		arm_smmu_cmdq_issue_sync(smmu);
+	}
 	arm_smmu_atc_inv_domain(smmu_domain, 0, 0, 0);
 }
 
@@ -2602,9 +2648,15 @@ static void arm_smmu_domain_free(struct iommu_domain *domain)
 	if (smmu_domain->stage == ARM_SMMU_DOMAIN_S1) {
 		struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg *cfg = &smmu_domain->s1_cfg;
 
+		/*
+		 * Prevent arm_smmu_share_asid() from rewriting CD#0 while we're
+		 * freeing it.
+		 */
+		mutex_lock(&asid_lock);
 		if (cfg->cdcfg.cdtab)
 			arm_smmu_free_cd_tables(smmu_domain);
 		arm_smmu_free_asid(&cfg->cd);
+		mutex_unlock(&asid_lock);
 	} else {
 		struct arm_smmu_s2_cfg *cfg = &smmu_domain->s2_cfg;
 		if (cfg->vmid)
@@ -2626,10 +2678,15 @@ static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise_s1(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
 
 	arm_smmu_init_cd(&cfg->cd);
 
+	/*
+	 * Prevent arm_smmu_share_asid() from seizing the private ASID we're
+	 * allocating here until it is written to the CD.
+	 */
+	mutex_lock(&asid_lock);
 	ret = xa_alloc(&asid_xa, &asid, &cfg->cd,
 		       XA_LIMIT(1, (1 << smmu->asid_bits) - 1), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (ret)
-		return ret;
+		goto out_unlock;
 
 	cfg->s1cdmax = master->ssid_bits;
 
@@ -2657,12 +2714,15 @@ static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise_s1(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
 	if (ret)
 		goto out_free_cd_tables;
 
+	mutex_unlock(&asid_lock);
 	return 0;
 
 out_free_cd_tables:
 	arm_smmu_free_cd_tables(smmu_domain);
 out_free_asid:
 	arm_smmu_free_asid(&cfg->cd);
+out_unlock:
+	mutex_unlock(&asid_lock);
 	return ret;
 }
 
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 12/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for VHE
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (10 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 11/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Seize private ASID Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-21 14:16   ` Will Deacon
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 13/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Enable broadcast TLB maintenance Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (12 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

ARMv8.1 extensions added Virtualization Host Extensions (VHE), which allow
to run a host kernel at EL2. When using normal DMA, Device and CPU address
spaces are dissociated, and do not need to implement the same
capabilities, so VHE hasn't been used in the SMMU until now.

With shared address spaces however, ASIDs are shared between MMU and SMMU,
and broadcast TLB invalidations issued by a CPU are taken into account by
the SMMU. TLB entries on both sides need to have identical exception level
in order to be cleared with a single invalidation.

When the CPU is using VHE, enable VHE in the SMMU for all STEs. Normal DMA
mappings will need to use TLBI_EL2 commands instead of TLBI_NH, but
shouldn't be otherwise affected by this change.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 31 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 1 file changed, 26 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
index 403871d36438..7e1933e7e35f 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
 #include <linux/acpi_iort.h>
 #include <linux/bitfield.h>
 #include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/cpufeature.h>
 #include <linux/crash_dump.h>
 #include <linux/delay.h>
 #include <linux/dma-iommu.h>
@@ -482,6 +483,8 @@ struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent {
 		#define CMDQ_OP_TLBI_NH_ASID	0x11
 		#define CMDQ_OP_TLBI_NH_VA	0x12
 		#define CMDQ_OP_TLBI_EL2_ALL	0x20
+		#define CMDQ_OP_TLBI_EL2_ASID	0x21
+		#define CMDQ_OP_TLBI_EL2_VA	0x22
 		#define CMDQ_OP_TLBI_S12_VMALL	0x28
 		#define CMDQ_OP_TLBI_S2_IPA	0x2a
 		#define CMDQ_OP_TLBI_NSNH_ALL	0x30
@@ -654,6 +657,7 @@ struct arm_smmu_device {
 #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_STALL_FORCE	(1 << 13)
 #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_VAX		(1 << 14)
 #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_RANGE_INV		(1 << 15)
+#define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_E2H		(1 << 16)
 	u32				features;
 
 #define ARM_SMMU_OPT_SKIP_PREFETCH	(1 << 0)
@@ -927,6 +931,8 @@ static int arm_smmu_cmdq_build_cmd(u64 *cmd, struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent *ent)
 		cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_TLBI_0_NUM, ent->tlbi.num);
 		cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_TLBI_0_SCALE, ent->tlbi.scale);
 		cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_TLBI_0_VMID, ent->tlbi.vmid);
+		/* Fallthrough */
+	case CMDQ_OP_TLBI_EL2_VA:
 		cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_TLBI_0_ASID, ent->tlbi.asid);
 		cmd[1] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_TLBI_1_LEAF, ent->tlbi.leaf);
 		cmd[1] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_TLBI_1_TTL, ent->tlbi.ttl);
@@ -948,6 +954,9 @@ static int arm_smmu_cmdq_build_cmd(u64 *cmd, struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent *ent)
 	case CMDQ_OP_TLBI_S12_VMALL:
 		cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_TLBI_0_VMID, ent->tlbi.vmid);
 		break;
+	case CMDQ_OP_TLBI_EL2_ASID:
+		cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_TLBI_0_ASID, ent->tlbi.asid);
+		break;
 	case CMDQ_OP_ATC_INV:
 		cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_0_SSV, ent->substream_valid);
 		cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_ATC_0_GLOBAL, ent->atc.global);
@@ -1541,7 +1550,8 @@ static int arm_smmu_cmdq_batch_submit(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu,
 static void arm_smmu_tlb_inv_asid(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu, u16 asid)
 {
 	struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent cmd = {
-		.opcode = CMDQ_OP_TLBI_NH_ASID,
+		.opcode	= smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_E2H ?
+			CMDQ_OP_TLBI_EL2_ASID : CMDQ_OP_TLBI_NH_ASID,
 		.tlbi.asid = asid,
 	};
 
@@ -2084,13 +2094,16 @@ static void arm_smmu_write_strtab_ent(struct arm_smmu_master *master, u32 sid,
 	}
 
 	if (s1_cfg) {
+		int strw = smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_E2H ?
+			STRTAB_STE_1_STRW_EL2 : STRTAB_STE_1_STRW_NSEL1;
+
 		BUG_ON(ste_live);
 		dst[1] = cpu_to_le64(
 			 FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_S1DSS, STRTAB_STE_1_S1DSS_SSID0) |
 			 FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_S1CIR, STRTAB_STE_1_S1C_CACHE_WBRA) |
 			 FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_S1COR, STRTAB_STE_1_S1C_CACHE_WBRA) |
 			 FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_S1CSH, ARM_SMMU_SH_ISH) |
-			 FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_STRW, STRTAB_STE_1_STRW_NSEL1));
+			 FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_STRW, strw));
 
 		if (smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_STALLS &&
 		   !(smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_STALL_FORCE))
@@ -2486,7 +2499,8 @@ static void arm_smmu_tlb_inv_range(unsigned long iova, size_t size,
 		return;
 
 	if (smmu_domain->stage == ARM_SMMU_DOMAIN_S1) {
-		cmd.opcode	= CMDQ_OP_TLBI_NH_VA;
+		cmd.opcode	= smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_E2H ?
+				  CMDQ_OP_TLBI_EL2_VA : CMDQ_OP_TLBI_NH_VA;
 		cmd.tlbi.asid	= smmu_domain->s1_cfg.cd.asid;
 	} else {
 		cmd.opcode	= CMDQ_OP_TLBI_S2_IPA;
@@ -3805,7 +3819,11 @@ static int arm_smmu_device_reset(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu, bool bypass)
 	writel_relaxed(reg, smmu->base + ARM_SMMU_CR1);
 
 	/* CR2 (random crap) */
-	reg = CR2_PTM | CR2_RECINVSID | CR2_E2H;
+	reg = CR2_PTM | CR2_RECINVSID;
+
+	if (smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_E2H)
+		reg |= CR2_E2H;
+
 	writel_relaxed(reg, smmu->base + ARM_SMMU_CR2);
 
 	/* Stream table */
@@ -3963,8 +3981,11 @@ static int arm_smmu_device_hw_probe(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
 	if (reg & IDR0_MSI)
 		smmu->features |= ARM_SMMU_FEAT_MSI;
 
-	if (reg & IDR0_HYP)
+	if (reg & IDR0_HYP) {
 		smmu->features |= ARM_SMMU_FEAT_HYP;
+		if (cpus_have_cap(ARM64_HAS_VIRT_HOST_EXTN))
+			smmu->features |= ARM_SMMU_FEAT_E2H;
+	}
 
 	/*
 	 * The coherency feature as set by FW is used in preference to the ID
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 13/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Enable broadcast TLB maintenance
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (11 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 12/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for VHE Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-21 14:17   ` Will Deacon
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 14/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add SVA feature checking Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (11 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

The SMMUv3 can handle invalidation targeted at TLB entries with shared
ASIDs. If the implementation supports broadcast TLB maintenance, enable it
and keep track of it in a feature bit. The SMMU will then be affected by
inner-shareable TLB invalidations from other agents.

A major side-effect of this change is that stage-2 translation contexts
are now affected by all invalidations by VMID. VMIDs are all shared and
the only ways to prevent over-invalidation, since the stage-2 page tables
are not shared between CPU and SMMU, are to either disable BTM or allocate
different VMIDs. This patch does not address the problem.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 19 +++++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
index 7e1933e7e35f..9332253e3608 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
@@ -56,6 +56,7 @@
 #define IDR0_ASID16			(1 << 12)
 #define IDR0_ATS			(1 << 10)
 #define IDR0_HYP			(1 << 9)
+#define IDR0_BTM			(1 << 5)
 #define IDR0_COHACC			(1 << 4)
 #define IDR0_TTF			GENMASK(3, 2)
 #define IDR0_TTF_AARCH64		2
@@ -658,6 +659,7 @@ struct arm_smmu_device {
 #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_VAX		(1 << 14)
 #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_RANGE_INV		(1 << 15)
 #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_E2H		(1 << 16)
+#define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_BTM		(1 << 17)
 	u32				features;
 
 #define ARM_SMMU_OPT_SKIP_PREFETCH	(1 << 0)
@@ -3819,11 +3821,14 @@ static int arm_smmu_device_reset(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu, bool bypass)
 	writel_relaxed(reg, smmu->base + ARM_SMMU_CR1);
 
 	/* CR2 (random crap) */
-	reg = CR2_PTM | CR2_RECINVSID;
+	reg = CR2_RECINVSID;
 
 	if (smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_E2H)
 		reg |= CR2_E2H;
 
+	if (!(smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_BTM))
+		reg |= CR2_PTM;
+
 	writel_relaxed(reg, smmu->base + ARM_SMMU_CR2);
 
 	/* Stream table */
@@ -3934,6 +3939,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_device_hw_probe(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
 {
 	u32 reg;
 	bool coherent = smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_COHERENCY;
+	bool vhe = cpus_have_cap(ARM64_HAS_VIRT_HOST_EXTN);
 
 	/* IDR0 */
 	reg = readl_relaxed(smmu->base + ARM_SMMU_IDR0);
@@ -3983,10 +3989,19 @@ static int arm_smmu_device_hw_probe(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
 
 	if (reg & IDR0_HYP) {
 		smmu->features |= ARM_SMMU_FEAT_HYP;
-		if (cpus_have_cap(ARM64_HAS_VIRT_HOST_EXTN))
+		if (vhe)
 			smmu->features |= ARM_SMMU_FEAT_E2H;
 	}
 
+	/*
+	 * If the CPU is using VHE, but the SMMU doesn't support it, the SMMU
+	 * will create TLB entries for NH-EL1 world and will miss the
+	 * broadcasted TLB invalidations that target EL2-E2H world. Don't enable
+	 * BTM in that case.
+	 */
+	if (reg & IDR0_BTM && (!vhe || reg & IDR0_HYP))
+		smmu->features |= ARM_SMMU_FEAT_BTM;
+
 	/*
 	 * The coherency feature as set by FW is used in preference to the ID
 	 * register, but warn on mismatch.
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 14/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add SVA feature checking
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (12 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 13/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Enable broadcast TLB maintenance Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-21 14:17   ` Will Deacon
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 15/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add SVA device feature Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (10 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, Suzuki K Poulose,
	robin.murphy, hch, zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker,
	felix.kuehling, will, christian.koenig

Aggregate all sanity-checks for sharing CPU page tables with the SMMU
under a single ARM_SMMU_FEAT_SVA bit. For PCIe SVA, users also need to
check FEAT_ATS and FEAT_PRI. For platform SVA, they will most likely have
to check FEAT_STALLS.

Cc: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 72 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 72 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
index 9332253e3608..a9f6f1d7014e 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
@@ -660,6 +660,7 @@ struct arm_smmu_device {
 #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_RANGE_INV		(1 << 15)
 #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_E2H		(1 << 16)
 #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_BTM		(1 << 17)
+#define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_SVA		(1 << 18)
 	u32				features;
 
 #define ARM_SMMU_OPT_SKIP_PREFETCH	(1 << 0)
@@ -3935,6 +3936,74 @@ static int arm_smmu_device_reset(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu, bool bypass)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static bool arm_smmu_supports_sva(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
+{
+	unsigned long reg, fld;
+	unsigned long oas;
+	unsigned long asid_bits;
+
+	u32 feat_mask = ARM_SMMU_FEAT_BTM | ARM_SMMU_FEAT_COHERENCY;
+
+	if ((smmu->features & feat_mask) != feat_mask)
+		return false;
+
+	if (!(smmu->pgsize_bitmap & PAGE_SIZE))
+		return false;
+
+	/*
+	 * Get the smallest PA size of all CPUs (sanitized by cpufeature). We're
+	 * not even pretending to support AArch32 here.
+	 */
+	reg = read_sanitised_ftr_reg(SYS_ID_AA64MMFR0_EL1);
+	fld = cpuid_feature_extract_unsigned_field(reg, ID_AA64MMFR0_PARANGE_SHIFT);
+	switch (fld) {
+	case 0x0:
+		oas = 32;
+		break;
+	case 0x1:
+		oas = 36;
+		break;
+	case 0x2:
+		oas = 40;
+		break;
+	case 0x3:
+		oas = 42;
+		break;
+	case 0x4:
+		oas = 44;
+		break;
+	case 0x5:
+		oas = 48;
+		break;
+	case 0x6:
+		oas = 52;
+		break;
+	default:
+		return false;
+	}
+
+	/* abort if MMU outputs addresses larger than what we support. */
+	if (smmu->oas < oas)
+		return false;
+
+	/* We can support bigger ASIDs than the CPU, but not smaller */
+	fld = cpuid_feature_extract_unsigned_field(reg, ID_AA64MMFR0_ASID_SHIFT);
+	asid_bits = fld ? 16 : 8;
+	if (smmu->asid_bits < asid_bits)
+		return false;
+
+	/*
+	 * See max_pinned_asids in arch/arm64/mm/context.c. The following is
+	 * generally the maximum number of bindable processes.
+	 */
+	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0))
+		asid_bits--;
+	dev_dbg(smmu->dev, "%d shared contexts\n", (1 << asid_bits) -
+		num_possible_cpus() - 2);
+
+	return true;
+}
+
 static int arm_smmu_device_hw_probe(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
 {
 	u32 reg;
@@ -4147,6 +4216,9 @@ static int arm_smmu_device_hw_probe(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
 
 	smmu->ias = max(smmu->ias, smmu->oas);
 
+	if (arm_smmu_supports_sva(smmu))
+		smmu->features |= ARM_SMMU_FEAT_SVA;
+
 	dev_info(smmu->dev, "ias %lu-bit, oas %lu-bit (features 0x%08x)\n",
 		 smmu->ias, smmu->oas, smmu->features);
 	return 0;
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 15/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add SVA device feature
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (13 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 14/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add SVA feature checking Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 16/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Implement iommu_sva_bind/unbind() Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (9 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

Implement the IOMMU device feature callbacks to support the SVA feature.
At the moment dev_has_feat() returns false since I/O Page Faults isn't
yet implemented.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 124 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 124 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
index a9f6f1d7014e..b016b61cee23 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
@@ -703,6 +703,8 @@ struct arm_smmu_master {
 	u32				*sids;
 	unsigned int			num_sids;
 	bool				ats_enabled;
+	bool				sva_enabled;
+	struct list_head		bonds;
 	unsigned int			ssid_bits;
 };
 
@@ -3013,6 +3015,19 @@ static int arm_smmu_attach_dev(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct device *dev)
 	master = dev_iommu_priv_get(dev);
 	smmu = master->smmu;
 
+	/*
+	 * Checking that SVA is disabled ensures that this device isn't bound to
+	 * any mm, and can be safely detached from its old domain. Bonds cannot
+	 * be removed concurrently since we're holding the group mutex.
+	 */
+	mutex_lock(&sva_lock);
+	if (master->sva_enabled) {
+		mutex_unlock(&sva_lock);
+		dev_err(dev, "cannot attach - SVA enabled\n");
+		return -EBUSY;
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&sva_lock);
+
 	arm_smmu_detach_dev(master);
 
 	mutex_lock(&smmu_domain->init_mutex);
@@ -3161,6 +3176,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_add_device(struct device *dev)
 	master->smmu = smmu;
 	master->sids = fwspec->ids;
 	master->num_sids = fwspec->num_ids;
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&master->bonds);
 	dev_iommu_priv_set(dev, master);
 
 	/* Check the SIDs are in range of the SMMU and our stream table */
@@ -3230,6 +3246,7 @@ static void arm_smmu_remove_device(struct device *dev)
 
 	master = dev_iommu_priv_get(dev);
 	smmu = master->smmu;
+	WARN_ON(master->sva_enabled);
 	arm_smmu_detach_dev(master);
 	iommu_group_remove_device(dev);
 	iommu_device_unlink(&smmu->iommu, dev);
@@ -3349,6 +3366,109 @@ static void arm_smmu_get_resv_regions(struct device *dev,
 	iommu_dma_get_resv_regions(dev, head);
 }
 
+static bool arm_smmu_iopf_supported(struct arm_smmu_master *master)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+
+static bool arm_smmu_dev_has_feature(struct device *dev,
+				     enum iommu_dev_features feat)
+{
+	struct arm_smmu_master *master = dev_iommu_priv_get(dev);
+
+	if (!master)
+		return false;
+
+	switch (feat) {
+	case IOMMU_DEV_FEAT_SVA:
+		if (!(master->smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_SVA))
+			return false;
+
+		/* SSID and IOPF support are mandatory for the moment */
+		return master->ssid_bits && arm_smmu_iopf_supported(master);
+	default:
+		return false;
+	}
+}
+
+static bool arm_smmu_dev_feature_enabled(struct device *dev,
+					 enum iommu_dev_features feat)
+{
+	bool enabled = false;
+	struct arm_smmu_master *master = dev_iommu_priv_get(dev);
+
+	if (!master)
+		return false;
+
+	switch (feat) {
+	case IOMMU_DEV_FEAT_SVA:
+		mutex_lock(&sva_lock);
+		enabled = master->sva_enabled;
+		mutex_unlock(&sva_lock);
+		return enabled;
+	default:
+		return false;
+	}
+}
+
+static int arm_smmu_dev_enable_sva(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct arm_smmu_master *master = dev_iommu_priv_get(dev);
+
+	mutex_lock(&sva_lock);
+	master->sva_enabled = true;
+	mutex_unlock(&sva_lock);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int arm_smmu_dev_disable_sva(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct arm_smmu_master *master = dev_iommu_priv_get(dev);
+
+	mutex_lock(&sva_lock);
+	if (!list_empty(&master->bonds)) {
+		dev_err(dev, "cannot disable SVA, device is bound\n");
+		mutex_unlock(&sva_lock);
+		return -EBUSY;
+	}
+	master->sva_enabled = false;
+	mutex_unlock(&sva_lock);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int arm_smmu_dev_enable_feature(struct device *dev,
+				       enum iommu_dev_features feat)
+{
+	if (!arm_smmu_dev_has_feature(dev, feat))
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	if (arm_smmu_dev_feature_enabled(dev, feat))
+		return -EBUSY;
+
+	switch (feat) {
+	case IOMMU_DEV_FEAT_SVA:
+		return arm_smmu_dev_enable_sva(dev);
+	default:
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+}
+
+static int arm_smmu_dev_disable_feature(struct device *dev,
+					enum iommu_dev_features feat)
+{
+	if (!arm_smmu_dev_feature_enabled(dev, feat))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	switch (feat) {
+	case IOMMU_DEV_FEAT_SVA:
+		return arm_smmu_dev_disable_sva(dev);
+	default:
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+}
+
 static struct iommu_ops arm_smmu_ops = {
 	.capable		= arm_smmu_capable,
 	.domain_alloc		= arm_smmu_domain_alloc,
@@ -3367,6 +3487,10 @@ static struct iommu_ops arm_smmu_ops = {
 	.of_xlate		= arm_smmu_of_xlate,
 	.get_resv_regions	= arm_smmu_get_resv_regions,
 	.put_resv_regions	= generic_iommu_put_resv_regions,
+	.dev_has_feat		= arm_smmu_dev_has_feature,
+	.dev_feat_enabled	= arm_smmu_dev_feature_enabled,
+	.dev_enable_feat	= arm_smmu_dev_enable_feature,
+	.dev_disable_feat	= arm_smmu_dev_disable_feature,
 	.pgsize_bitmap		= -1UL, /* Restricted during device attach */
 };
 
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 16/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Implement iommu_sva_bind/unbind()
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (14 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 15/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add SVA device feature Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 17/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Hook up ATC invalidation to mm ops Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (8 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

The sva_bind() function allows devices to access process address spaces
using a PASID (aka SSID).

(1) bind() allocates or gets an existing MMU notifier tied to the
    (domain, mm) pair. Each mm gets one PASID.

(2) Any change to the address space calls invalidate_range() which sends
    ATC invalidations (in a subsequent patch).

(3) When the process address space dies, the release() notifier disables
    the CD to allow reclaiming the page tables. Since release() has to
    be light we do not instruct device drivers to stop DMA here, we just
    ignore incoming page faults from this point onwards.

    To avoid any event 0x0a print (C_BAD_CD) we disable translation
    without clearing CD.V. PCIe Translation Requests and Page Requests
    are silently denied. Don't clear the R bit because the S bit can't
    be cleared when STALL_MODEL==0b10 (forced), and clearing R without
    clearing S is useless. Faulting transactions will stall and will be
    aborted by the IOPF handler.

(4) After stopping DMA, the device driver releases the bond by calling
    unbind(). We release the MMU notifier, free the PASID and the bond.

Three structures keep track of bonds:
* arm_smmu_bond: one per {device, mm} pair, the handle returned to the
  device driver for a bind() request.
* arm_smmu_mmu_notifier: one per {domain, mm} pair, deals with ATS/TLB
  invalidations and clearing the context descriptor on mm exit.
* arm_smmu_ctx_desc: one per mm, holds the pinned ASID and pgd.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
v6->v7: Keep track of {domains, mm} pairs. Move
  mmu_notifier_synchronize() to module_exit().
---
 drivers/iommu/Kconfig       |   2 +
 drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 272 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 2 files changed, 269 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
index 15e9dc4e503c..00b517f449ab 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
@@ -432,8 +432,10 @@ config ARM_SMMU_V3
 	tristate "ARM Ltd. System MMU Version 3 (SMMUv3) Support"
 	depends on ARM64
 	select IOMMU_API
+	select IOMMU_SVA
 	select IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE_LPAE
 	select GENERIC_MSI_IRQ_DOMAIN
+	select MMU_NOTIFIER
 	help
 	  Support for implementations of the ARM System MMU architecture
 	  version 3 providing translation support to a PCIe root complex.
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
index b016b61cee23..00a9342eed99 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
 #include <linux/iopoll.h>
 #include <linux/module.h>
 #include <linux/mmu_context.h>
+#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
 #include <linux/msi.h>
 #include <linux/of.h>
 #include <linux/of_address.h>
@@ -36,6 +37,7 @@
 #include <linux/amba/bus.h>
 
 #include "io-pgtable-arm.h"
+#include "iommu-sva.h"
 
 /* MMIO registers */
 #define ARM_SMMU_IDR0			0x0
@@ -734,8 +736,32 @@ struct arm_smmu_domain {
 
 	struct list_head		devices;
 	spinlock_t			devices_lock;
+
+	struct list_head		mmu_notifiers;
+};
+
+struct arm_smmu_mmu_notifier {
+	struct mmu_notifier		mn;
+	struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc	*cd;
+	bool				cleared;
+	refcount_t			refs;
+	struct list_head		list;
+	struct arm_smmu_domain		*domain;
 };
 
+#define mn_to_smmu(mn) container_of(mn, struct arm_smmu_mmu_notifier, mn)
+
+struct arm_smmu_bond {
+	struct iommu_sva		sva;
+	struct mm_struct		*mm;
+	struct arm_smmu_mmu_notifier	*smmu_mn;
+	struct list_head		list;
+	refcount_t			refs;
+};
+
+#define sva_to_bond(handle) \
+	container_of(handle, struct arm_smmu_bond, sva)
+
 struct arm_smmu_option_prop {
 	u32 opt;
 	const char *prop;
@@ -745,6 +771,13 @@ static DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC1(asid_xa);
 static DEFINE_MUTEX(asid_lock);
 static DEFINE_MUTEX(sva_lock);
 
+/*
+ * When a process dies, DMA is still running but we need to clear the pgd. If we
+ * simply cleared the valid bit from the context descriptor, we'd get event 0x0a
+ * which are not recoverable.
+ */
+static struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc invalid_cd = { 0 };
+
 static struct arm_smmu_option_prop arm_smmu_options[] = {
 	{ ARM_SMMU_OPT_SKIP_PREFETCH, "hisilicon,broken-prefetch-cmd" },
 	{ ARM_SMMU_OPT_PAGE0_REGS_ONLY, "cavium,cn9900-broken-page1-regspace"},
@@ -1654,7 +1687,9 @@ static int arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
 	 * (2) Install a secondary CD, for SID+SSID traffic.
 	 * (3) Update ASID of a CD. Atomically write the first 64 bits of the
 	 *     CD, then invalidate the old entry and mappings.
-	 * (4) Remove a secondary CD.
+	 * (4) Quiesce the context without clearing the valid bit. Disable
+	 *     translation, and ignore any translation fault.
+	 * (5) Remove a secondary CD.
 	 */
 	u64 val;
 	bool cd_live;
@@ -1671,8 +1706,10 @@ static int arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
 	val = le64_to_cpu(cdptr[0]);
 	cd_live = !!(val & CTXDESC_CD_0_V);
 
-	if (!cd) { /* (4) */
+	if (!cd) { /* (5) */
 		val = 0;
+	} else if (cd == &invalid_cd) { /* (4) */
+		val |= CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_EPD0;
 	} else if (cd_live) { /* (3) */
 		val &= ~CTXDESC_CD_0_ASID;
 		val |= FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_ASID, cd->asid);
@@ -1872,7 +1909,6 @@ static struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *arm_smmu_share_asid(u16 asid)
 	return NULL;
 }
 
-__maybe_unused
 static struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *arm_smmu_alloc_shared_cd(struct mm_struct *mm)
 {
 	u16 asid;
@@ -1969,7 +2005,6 @@ static struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *arm_smmu_alloc_shared_cd(struct mm_struct *mm)
 	return ERR_PTR(ret);
 }
 
-__maybe_unused
 static void arm_smmu_free_shared_cd(struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *cd)
 {
 	lockdep_assert_held(&sva_lock);
@@ -2606,6 +2641,8 @@ static bool arm_smmu_capable(enum iommu_cap cap)
 	}
 }
 
+static struct mmu_notifier_ops arm_smmu_mmu_notifier_ops;
+
 static struct iommu_domain *arm_smmu_domain_alloc(unsigned type)
 {
 	struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain;
@@ -2633,6 +2670,7 @@ static struct iommu_domain *arm_smmu_domain_alloc(unsigned type)
 	mutex_init(&smmu_domain->init_mutex);
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&smmu_domain->devices);
 	spin_lock_init(&smmu_domain->devices_lock);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&smmu_domain->mmu_notifiers);
 
 	return &smmu_domain->domain;
 }
@@ -3127,6 +3165,216 @@ arm_smmu_iova_to_phys(struct iommu_domain *domain, dma_addr_t iova)
 	return ops->iova_to_phys(ops, iova);
 }
 
+static void arm_smmu_mm_invalidate_range(struct mmu_notifier *mn,
+					 struct mm_struct *mm,
+					 unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+{
+	/* TODO: invalidate ATS */
+}
+
+static void arm_smmu_mm_release(struct mmu_notifier *mn, struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+	struct arm_smmu_mmu_notifier *smmu_mn = mn_to_smmu(mn);
+	struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain = smmu_mn->domain;
+
+	mutex_lock(&sva_lock);
+	if (smmu_mn->cleared) {
+		mutex_unlock(&sva_lock);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * DMA may still be running. Keep the cd valid to avoid C_BAD_CD events,
+	 * but disable translation.
+	 */
+	arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(smmu_domain, mm->pasid, &invalid_cd);
+
+	arm_smmu_tlb_inv_asid(smmu_domain->smmu, smmu_mn->cd->asid);
+	/* TODO: invalidate ATS */
+
+	smmu_mn->cleared = true;
+	mutex_unlock(&sva_lock);
+}
+
+static void arm_smmu_mmu_notifier_free(struct mmu_notifier *mn)
+{
+	kfree(mn_to_smmu(mn));
+}
+
+static struct mmu_notifier_ops arm_smmu_mmu_notifier_ops = {
+	.invalidate_range	= arm_smmu_mm_invalidate_range,
+	.release		= arm_smmu_mm_release,
+	.free_notifier		= arm_smmu_mmu_notifier_free,
+};
+
+/* Allocate or get existing MMU notifier for this {domain, mm} pair */
+static struct arm_smmu_mmu_notifier *
+arm_smmu_mmu_notifier_get(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
+			  struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *cd;
+	struct arm_smmu_mmu_notifier *smmu_mn;
+
+	lockdep_assert_held(&sva_lock);
+
+	list_for_each_entry(smmu_mn, &smmu_domain->mmu_notifiers, list) {
+		if (smmu_mn->mn.mm == mm) {
+			refcount_inc(&smmu_mn->refs);
+			return smmu_mn;
+		}
+	}
+
+	cd = arm_smmu_alloc_shared_cd(mm);
+	if (IS_ERR(cd))
+		return ERR_CAST(cd);
+
+	smmu_mn = kzalloc(sizeof(*smmu_mn), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!smmu_mn) {
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto err_free_cd;
+	}
+
+	refcount_set(&smmu_mn->refs, 1);
+	smmu_mn->cd = cd;
+	smmu_mn->domain = smmu_domain;
+	smmu_mn->mn.ops = &arm_smmu_mmu_notifier_ops;
+
+	ret = mmu_notifier_register(&smmu_mn->mn, mm);
+	if (ret) {
+		kfree(smmu_mn);
+		goto err_free_cd;
+	}
+
+	ret = arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(smmu_domain, mm->pasid, cd);
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_put_notifier;
+
+	list_add(&smmu_mn->list, &smmu_domain->mmu_notifiers);
+	return smmu_mn;
+
+err_put_notifier:
+	/* Frees smmu_mn */
+	mmu_notifier_put(&smmu_mn->mn);
+err_free_cd:
+	arm_smmu_free_shared_cd(cd);
+	return ERR_PTR(ret);
+}
+
+static void arm_smmu_mmu_notifier_put(struct arm_smmu_mmu_notifier *smmu_mn)
+{
+	struct mm_struct *mm = smmu_mn->mn.mm;
+	struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *cd = smmu_mn->cd;
+	struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain = smmu_mn->domain;
+
+	lockdep_assert_held(&sva_lock);
+
+	if (!refcount_dec_and_test(&smmu_mn->refs))
+		return;
+
+	list_del(&smmu_mn->list);
+	arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(smmu_domain, mm->pasid, NULL);
+
+	/*
+	 * If we went through clear(), we've already invalidated, and no
+	 * new TLB entry can have been formed.
+	 */
+	if (!smmu_mn->cleared) {
+		arm_smmu_tlb_inv_asid(smmu_domain->smmu, cd->asid);
+		/* TODO: invalidate ATS */
+	}
+
+	/* Frees smmu_mn */
+	mmu_notifier_put(&smmu_mn->mn);
+	arm_smmu_free_shared_cd(cd);
+}
+
+static struct iommu_sva *
+__arm_smmu_sva_bind(struct device *dev, struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct arm_smmu_bond *bond;
+	struct arm_smmu_master *master = dev_iommu_priv_get(dev);
+	struct iommu_domain *domain = iommu_get_domain_for_dev(dev);
+	struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain = to_smmu_domain(domain);
+
+	lockdep_assert_held(&sva_lock);
+
+	if (!master || !master->sva_enabled)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
+
+	/* If bind() was already called for this {dev, mm} pair, reuse it. */
+	list_for_each_entry(bond, &master->bonds, list) {
+		if (bond->mm == mm) {
+			refcount_inc(&bond->refs);
+			return &bond->sva;
+		}
+	}
+
+	bond = kzalloc(sizeof(*bond), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!bond)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	/* Allocate a PASID for this mm if necessary */
+	ret = iommu_sva_alloc_pasid(mm, 1, (1U << master->ssid_bits) - 1);
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_free_bond;
+
+	bond->mm = mm;
+	bond->sva.dev = dev;
+	refcount_set(&bond->refs, 1);
+
+	bond->smmu_mn = arm_smmu_mmu_notifier_get(smmu_domain, mm);
+	if (IS_ERR(bond->smmu_mn))
+		goto err_free_pasid;
+
+	list_add(&bond->list, &master->bonds);
+	return &bond->sva;
+
+err_free_pasid:
+	iommu_sva_free_pasid(mm);
+err_free_bond:
+	kfree(bond);
+	return ERR_PTR(ret);
+}
+
+static struct iommu_sva *
+arm_smmu_sva_bind(struct device *dev, struct mm_struct *mm, void *drvdata)
+{
+	struct iommu_sva *handle;
+	struct iommu_domain *domain = iommu_get_domain_for_dev(dev);
+	struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain = to_smmu_domain(domain);
+
+	if (smmu_domain->stage != ARM_SMMU_DOMAIN_S1)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	mutex_lock(&sva_lock);
+	handle = __arm_smmu_sva_bind(dev, mm);
+	mutex_unlock(&sva_lock);
+	return handle;
+}
+
+static void arm_smmu_sva_unbind(struct iommu_sva *handle)
+{
+	struct arm_smmu_bond *bond = sva_to_bond(handle);
+
+	mutex_lock(&sva_lock);
+	if (refcount_dec_and_test(&bond->refs)) {
+		list_del(&bond->list);
+		arm_smmu_mmu_notifier_put(bond->smmu_mn);
+		iommu_sva_free_pasid(bond->mm);
+		kfree(bond);
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&sva_lock);
+}
+
+static int arm_smmu_sva_get_pasid(struct iommu_sva *handle)
+{
+	struct arm_smmu_bond *bond = sva_to_bond(handle);
+
+	return bond->mm->pasid;
+}
+
 static struct platform_driver arm_smmu_driver;
 
 static
@@ -3491,6 +3739,9 @@ static struct iommu_ops arm_smmu_ops = {
 	.dev_feat_enabled	= arm_smmu_dev_feature_enabled,
 	.dev_enable_feat	= arm_smmu_dev_enable_feature,
 	.dev_disable_feat	= arm_smmu_dev_disable_feature,
+	.sva_bind		= arm_smmu_sva_bind,
+	.sva_unbind		= arm_smmu_sva_unbind,
+	.sva_get_pasid		= arm_smmu_sva_get_pasid,
 	.pgsize_bitmap		= -1UL, /* Restricted during device attach */
 };
 
@@ -4598,6 +4849,16 @@ static const struct of_device_id arm_smmu_of_match[] = {
 };
 MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, arm_smmu_of_match);
 
+static void arm_smmu_driver_unregister(struct platform_driver *drv)
+{
+	/*
+	 * Wait for all notifiers free() RCU callbacks, since they are still
+	 * using the arm_smmu_mmu_notifier_ops.
+	 */
+	mmu_notifier_synchronize();
+	platform_driver_unregister(drv);
+}
+
 static struct platform_driver arm_smmu_driver = {
 	.driver	= {
 		.name			= "arm-smmu-v3",
@@ -4608,7 +4869,8 @@ static struct platform_driver arm_smmu_driver = {
 	.remove	= arm_smmu_device_remove,
 	.shutdown = arm_smmu_device_shutdown,
 };
-module_platform_driver(arm_smmu_driver);
+module_driver(arm_smmu_driver, platform_driver_register,
+	      arm_smmu_driver_unregister);
 
 MODULE_DESCRIPTION("IOMMU API for ARM architected SMMUv3 implementations");
 MODULE_AUTHOR("Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>");
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 17/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Hook up ATC invalidation to mm ops
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (15 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 16/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Implement iommu_sva_bind/unbind() Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 18/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for Hardware Translation Table Update Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (7 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

The invalidate_range() notifier is called for any change to the address
space. Perform the required ATC invalidations.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
v6->v7: invalidate() doesn't need RCU protection anymore.
---
 drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 29 +++++++++++++++++++++++------
 1 file changed, 23 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
index 00a9342eed99..1386d4d2bc60 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
@@ -2392,6 +2392,20 @@ arm_smmu_atc_inv_to_cmd(int ssid, unsigned long iova, size_t size,
 	size_t inval_grain_shift = 12;
 	unsigned long page_start, page_end;
 
+	/*
+	 * ATS and PASID:
+	 *
+	 * If substream_valid is clear, the PCIe TLP is sent without a PASID
+	 * prefix. In that case all ATC entries within the address range are
+	 * invalidated, including those that were requested with a PASID! There
+	 * is no way to invalidate only entries without PASID.
+	 *
+	 * When using STRTAB_STE_1_S1DSS_SSID0 (reserving CD 0 for non-PASID
+	 * traffic), translation requests without PASID create ATC entries
+	 * without PASID, which must be invalidated with substream_valid clear.
+	 * This has the unpleasant side-effect of invalidating all PASID-tagged
+	 * ATC entries within the address range.
+	 */
 	*cmd = (struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent) {
 		.opcode			= CMDQ_OP_ATC_INV,
 		.substream_valid	= !!ssid,
@@ -2435,12 +2449,12 @@ arm_smmu_atc_inv_to_cmd(int ssid, unsigned long iova, size_t size,
 	cmd->atc.size	= log2_span;
 }
 
-static int arm_smmu_atc_inv_master(struct arm_smmu_master *master)
+static int arm_smmu_atc_inv_master(struct arm_smmu_master *master, int ssid)
 {
 	int i;
 	struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent cmd;
 
-	arm_smmu_atc_inv_to_cmd(0, 0, 0, &cmd);
+	arm_smmu_atc_inv_to_cmd(ssid, 0, 0, &cmd);
 
 	for (i = 0; i < master->num_sids; i++) {
 		cmd.atc.sid = master->sids[i];
@@ -2968,7 +2982,7 @@ static void arm_smmu_disable_ats(struct arm_smmu_master *master)
 	 * ATC invalidation via the SMMU.
 	 */
 	wmb();
-	arm_smmu_atc_inv_master(master);
+	arm_smmu_atc_inv_master(master, 0);
 	atomic_dec(&smmu_domain->nr_ats_masters);
 }
 
@@ -3169,7 +3183,10 @@ static void arm_smmu_mm_invalidate_range(struct mmu_notifier *mn,
 					 struct mm_struct *mm,
 					 unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
 {
-	/* TODO: invalidate ATS */
+	struct arm_smmu_mmu_notifier *smmu_mn = mn_to_smmu(mn);
+
+	arm_smmu_atc_inv_domain(smmu_mn->domain, mm->pasid, start,
+				end - start + 1);
 }
 
 static void arm_smmu_mm_release(struct mmu_notifier *mn, struct mm_struct *mm)
@@ -3190,7 +3207,7 @@ static void arm_smmu_mm_release(struct mmu_notifier *mn, struct mm_struct *mm)
 	arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(smmu_domain, mm->pasid, &invalid_cd);
 
 	arm_smmu_tlb_inv_asid(smmu_domain->smmu, smmu_mn->cd->asid);
-	/* TODO: invalidate ATS */
+	arm_smmu_atc_inv_domain(smmu_domain, mm->pasid, 0, 0);
 
 	smmu_mn->cleared = true;
 	mutex_unlock(&sva_lock);
@@ -3281,7 +3298,7 @@ void arm_smmu_mmu_notifier_put(struct arm_smmu_mmu_notifier *smmu_mn)
 	 */
 	if (!smmu_mn->cleared) {
 		arm_smmu_tlb_inv_asid(smmu_domain->smmu, cd->asid);
-		/* TODO: invalidate ATS */
+		arm_smmu_atc_inv_domain(smmu_domain, mm->pasid, 0, 0);
 	}
 
 	/* Frees smmu_mn */
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 18/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for Hardware Translation Table Update
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (16 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 17/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Hook up ATC invalidation to mm ops Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-21 11:12   ` Will Deacon
  2020-05-27  3:00   ` Xiang Zheng
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 19/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Maintain a SID->device structure Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 2 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

If the SMMU supports it and the kernel was built with HTTU support,
enable hardware update of access and dirty flags. This is essential for
shared page tables, to reduce the number of access faults on the fault
queue. Normal DMA with io-pgtables doesn't currently use the access or
dirty flags.

We can enable HTTU even if CPUs don't support it, because the kernel
always checks for HW dirty bit and updates the PTE flags atomically.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 24 +++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 23 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
index 1386d4d2bc60..6a368218f54c 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
@@ -58,6 +58,8 @@
 #define IDR0_ASID16			(1 << 12)
 #define IDR0_ATS			(1 << 10)
 #define IDR0_HYP			(1 << 9)
+#define IDR0_HD				(1 << 7)
+#define IDR0_HA				(1 << 6)
 #define IDR0_BTM			(1 << 5)
 #define IDR0_COHACC			(1 << 4)
 #define IDR0_TTF			GENMASK(3, 2)
@@ -311,6 +313,9 @@
 #define CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_IPS		GENMASK_ULL(34, 32)
 #define CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_TBI0		(1ULL << 38)
 
+#define CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_HA		(1UL << 43)
+#define CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_HD		(1UL << 42)
+
 #define CTXDESC_CD_0_AA64		(1UL << 41)
 #define CTXDESC_CD_0_S			(1UL << 44)
 #define CTXDESC_CD_0_R			(1UL << 45)
@@ -663,6 +668,8 @@ struct arm_smmu_device {
 #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_E2H		(1 << 16)
 #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_BTM		(1 << 17)
 #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_SVA		(1 << 18)
+#define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_HA		(1 << 19)
+#define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_HD		(1 << 20)
 	u32				features;
 
 #define ARM_SMMU_OPT_SKIP_PREFETCH	(1 << 0)
@@ -1718,10 +1725,17 @@ static int arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
 		 * this substream's traffic
 		 */
 	} else { /* (1) and (2) */
+		u64 tcr = cd->tcr;
+
 		cdptr[1] = cpu_to_le64(cd->ttbr & CTXDESC_CD_1_TTB0_MASK);
 		cdptr[2] = 0;
 		cdptr[3] = cpu_to_le64(cd->mair);
 
+		if (!(smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_HD))
+			tcr &= ~CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_HD;
+		if (!(smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_HA))
+			tcr &= ~CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_HA;
+
 		/*
 		 * STE is live, and the SMMU might read dwords of this CD in any
 		 * order. Ensure that it observes valid values before reading
@@ -1729,7 +1743,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
 		 */
 		arm_smmu_sync_cd(smmu_domain, ssid, true);
 
-		val = cd->tcr |
+		val = tcr |
 #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
 			CTXDESC_CD_0_ENDI |
 #endif
@@ -1958,10 +1972,12 @@ static struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *arm_smmu_alloc_shared_cd(struct mm_struct *mm)
 		return old_cd;
 	}
 
+	/* HA and HD will be filtered out later if not supported by the SMMU */
 	tcr = FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_T0SZ, 64ULL - VA_BITS) |
 	      FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_IRGN0, ARM_LPAE_TCR_RGN_WBWA) |
 	      FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_ORGN0, ARM_LPAE_TCR_RGN_WBWA) |
 	      FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_SH0, ARM_LPAE_TCR_SH_IS) |
+	      CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_HA | CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_HD |
 	      CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_EPD1 | CTXDESC_CD_0_AA64;
 
 	switch (PAGE_SIZE) {
@@ -4454,6 +4470,12 @@ static int arm_smmu_device_hw_probe(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
 			smmu->features |= ARM_SMMU_FEAT_E2H;
 	}
 
+	if (reg & (IDR0_HA | IDR0_HD)) {
+		smmu->features |= ARM_SMMU_FEAT_HA;
+		if (reg & IDR0_HD)
+			smmu->features |= ARM_SMMU_FEAT_HD;
+	}
+
 	/*
 	 * If the CPU is using VHE, but the SMMU doesn't support it, the SMMU
 	 * will create TLB entries for NH-EL1 world and will miss the
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 19/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Maintain a SID->device structure
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (17 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 18/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for Hardware Translation Table Update Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 20/24] dt-bindings: document stall property for IOMMU masters Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

When handling faults from the event or PRI queue, we need to find the
struct device associated to a SID. Add a rb_tree to keep track of SIDs.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 175 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 145 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
index 6a368218f54c..70dfbd2817aa 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
@@ -701,6 +701,15 @@ struct arm_smmu_device {
 
 	/* IOMMU core code handle */
 	struct iommu_device		iommu;
+
+	struct rb_root			streams;
+	struct mutex			streams_mutex;
+};
+
+struct arm_smmu_stream {
+	u32				id;
+	struct arm_smmu_master		*master;
+	struct rb_node			node;
 };
 
 /* SMMU private data for each master */
@@ -709,8 +718,8 @@ struct arm_smmu_master {
 	struct device			*dev;
 	struct arm_smmu_domain		*domain;
 	struct list_head		domain_head;
-	u32				*sids;
-	unsigned int			num_sids;
+	struct arm_smmu_stream		*streams;
+	unsigned int			num_streams;
 	bool				ats_enabled;
 	bool				sva_enabled;
 	struct list_head		bonds;
@@ -1622,8 +1631,8 @@ static void arm_smmu_sync_cd(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
 
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&smmu_domain->devices_lock, flags);
 	list_for_each_entry(master, &smmu_domain->devices, domain_head) {
-		for (i = 0; i < master->num_sids; i++) {
-			cmd.cfgi.sid = master->sids[i];
+		for (i = 0; i < master->num_streams; i++) {
+			cmd.cfgi.sid = master->streams[i].id;
 			arm_smmu_cmdq_batch_add(smmu, &cmds, &cmd);
 		}
 	}
@@ -2239,6 +2248,32 @@ static int arm_smmu_init_l2_strtab(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu, u32 sid)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+__maybe_unused
+static struct arm_smmu_master *
+arm_smmu_find_master(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu, u32 sid)
+{
+	struct rb_node *node;
+	struct arm_smmu_stream *stream;
+	struct arm_smmu_master *master = NULL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&smmu->streams_mutex);
+	node = smmu->streams.rb_node;
+	while (node) {
+		stream = rb_entry(node, struct arm_smmu_stream, node);
+		if (stream->id < sid) {
+			node = node->rb_right;
+		} else if (stream->id > sid) {
+			node = node->rb_left;
+		} else {
+			master = stream->master;
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&smmu->streams_mutex);
+
+	return master;
+}
+
 /* IRQ and event handlers */
 static irqreturn_t arm_smmu_evtq_thread(int irq, void *dev)
 {
@@ -2472,8 +2507,8 @@ static int arm_smmu_atc_inv_master(struct arm_smmu_master *master, int ssid)
 
 	arm_smmu_atc_inv_to_cmd(ssid, 0, 0, &cmd);
 
-	for (i = 0; i < master->num_sids; i++) {
-		cmd.atc.sid = master->sids[i];
+	for (i = 0; i < master->num_streams; i++) {
+		cmd.atc.sid = master->streams[i].id;
 		arm_smmu_cmdq_issue_cmd(master->smmu, &cmd);
 	}
 
@@ -2516,8 +2551,8 @@ static int arm_smmu_atc_inv_domain(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
 		if (!master->ats_enabled)
 			continue;
 
-		for (i = 0; i < master->num_sids; i++) {
-			cmd.atc.sid = master->sids[i];
+		for (i = 0; i < master->num_streams; i++) {
+			cmd.atc.sid = master->streams[i].id;
 			arm_smmu_cmdq_batch_add(smmu_domain->smmu, &cmds, &cmd);
 		}
 	}
@@ -2940,13 +2975,13 @@ static void arm_smmu_install_ste_for_dev(struct arm_smmu_master *master)
 	int i, j;
 	struct arm_smmu_device *smmu = master->smmu;
 
-	for (i = 0; i < master->num_sids; ++i) {
-		u32 sid = master->sids[i];
+	for (i = 0; i < master->num_streams; ++i) {
+		u32 sid = master->streams[i].id;
 		__le64 *step = arm_smmu_get_step_for_sid(smmu, sid);
 
 		/* Bridged PCI devices may end up with duplicated IDs */
 		for (j = 0; j < i; j++)
-			if (master->sids[j] == sid)
+			if (master->streams[j].id == sid)
 				break;
 		if (j < i)
 			continue;
@@ -3429,11 +3464,101 @@ static bool arm_smmu_sid_in_range(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu, u32 sid)
 	return sid < limit;
 }
 
+static int arm_smmu_insert_master(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu,
+				  struct arm_smmu_master *master)
+{
+	int i;
+	int ret = 0;
+	struct arm_smmu_stream *new_stream, *cur_stream;
+	struct rb_node **new_node, *parent_node = NULL;
+	struct iommu_fwspec *fwspec = dev_iommu_fwspec_get(master->dev);
+
+	master->streams = kcalloc(fwspec->num_ids,
+				  sizeof(struct arm_smmu_stream), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!master->streams)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	master->num_streams = fwspec->num_ids;
+
+	mutex_lock(&smmu->streams_mutex);
+	for (i = 0; i < fwspec->num_ids && !ret; i++) {
+		u32 sid = fwspec->ids[i];
+
+		new_stream = &master->streams[i];
+		new_stream->id = sid;
+		new_stream->master = master;
+
+		/*
+		 * Check the SIDs are in range of the SMMU and our stream table
+		 */
+		if (!arm_smmu_sid_in_range(smmu, sid)) {
+			ret = -ERANGE;
+			break;
+		}
+
+		/* Ensure l2 strtab is initialised */
+		if (smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_2_LVL_STRTAB) {
+			ret = arm_smmu_init_l2_strtab(smmu, sid);
+			if (ret)
+				break;
+		}
+
+		/* Insert into SID tree */
+		new_node = &(smmu->streams.rb_node);
+		while (*new_node) {
+			cur_stream = rb_entry(*new_node, struct arm_smmu_stream,
+					      node);
+			parent_node = *new_node;
+			if (cur_stream->id > new_stream->id) {
+				new_node = &((*new_node)->rb_left);
+			} else if (cur_stream->id < new_stream->id) {
+				new_node = &((*new_node)->rb_right);
+			} else {
+				dev_warn(master->dev,
+					 "stream %u already in tree\n",
+					 cur_stream->id);
+				ret = -EINVAL;
+				break;
+			}
+		}
+
+		if (!ret) {
+			rb_link_node(&new_stream->node, parent_node, new_node);
+			rb_insert_color(&new_stream->node, &smmu->streams);
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (ret) {
+		for (; i > 0; i--)
+			rb_erase(&master->streams[i].node, &smmu->streams);
+		kfree(master->streams);
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&smmu->streams_mutex);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void arm_smmu_remove_master(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu,
+				   struct arm_smmu_master *master)
+{
+	int i;
+	struct iommu_fwspec *fwspec = dev_iommu_fwspec_get(master->dev);
+
+	if (!master->streams)
+		return;
+
+	mutex_lock(&smmu->streams_mutex);
+	for (i = 0; i < fwspec->num_ids; i++)
+		rb_erase(&master->streams[i].node, &smmu->streams);
+	mutex_unlock(&smmu->streams_mutex);
+
+	kfree(master->streams);
+}
+
 static struct iommu_ops arm_smmu_ops;
 
 static int arm_smmu_add_device(struct device *dev)
 {
-	int i, ret;
+	int ret;
 	struct arm_smmu_device *smmu;
 	struct arm_smmu_master *master;
 	struct iommu_fwspec *fwspec = dev_iommu_fwspec_get(dev);
@@ -3455,27 +3580,12 @@ static int arm_smmu_add_device(struct device *dev)
 
 	master->dev = dev;
 	master->smmu = smmu;
-	master->sids = fwspec->ids;
-	master->num_sids = fwspec->num_ids;
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&master->bonds);
 	dev_iommu_priv_set(dev, master);
 
-	/* Check the SIDs are in range of the SMMU and our stream table */
-	for (i = 0; i < master->num_sids; i++) {
-		u32 sid = master->sids[i];
-
-		if (!arm_smmu_sid_in_range(smmu, sid)) {
-			ret = -ERANGE;
-			goto err_free_master;
-		}
-
-		/* Ensure l2 strtab is initialised */
-		if (smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_2_LVL_STRTAB) {
-			ret = arm_smmu_init_l2_strtab(smmu, sid);
-			if (ret)
-				goto err_free_master;
-		}
-	}
+	ret = arm_smmu_insert_master(smmu, master);
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_free_master;
 
 	master->ssid_bits = min(smmu->ssid_bits, fwspec->num_pasid_bits);
 
@@ -3510,6 +3620,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_add_device(struct device *dev)
 	iommu_device_unlink(&smmu->iommu, dev);
 err_disable_pasid:
 	arm_smmu_disable_pasid(master);
+	arm_smmu_remove_master(smmu, master);
 err_free_master:
 	kfree(master);
 	dev_iommu_priv_set(dev, NULL);
@@ -3532,6 +3643,7 @@ static void arm_smmu_remove_device(struct device *dev)
 	iommu_group_remove_device(dev);
 	iommu_device_unlink(&smmu->iommu, dev);
 	arm_smmu_disable_pasid(master);
+	arm_smmu_remove_master(smmu, master);
 	kfree(master);
 	iommu_fwspec_free(dev);
 }
@@ -3994,6 +4106,9 @@ static int arm_smmu_init_structures(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
 {
 	int ret;
 
+	mutex_init(&smmu->streams_mutex);
+	smmu->streams = RB_ROOT;
+
 	ret = arm_smmu_init_queues(smmu);
 	if (ret)
 		return ret;
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 20/24] dt-bindings: document stall property for IOMMU masters
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (18 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 19/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Maintain a SID->device structure Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 21/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add stall support for platform devices Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: Rob Herring, fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas,
	robin.murphy, hch, zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker,
	felix.kuehling, will, christian.koenig

On ARM systems, some platform devices behind an IOMMU may support stall,
which is the ability to recover from page faults. Let the firmware tell us
when a device supports stall.

Reviewed-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 .../devicetree/bindings/iommu/iommu.txt        | 18 ++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 18 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iommu/iommu.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iommu/iommu.txt
index 3c36334e4f94..26ba9e530f13 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iommu/iommu.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iommu/iommu.txt
@@ -92,6 +92,24 @@ Optional properties:
   tagging DMA transactions with an address space identifier. By default,
   this is 0, which means that the device only has one address space.
 
+- dma-can-stall: When present, the master can wait for a transaction to
+  complete for an indefinite amount of time. Upon translation fault some
+  IOMMUs, instead of aborting the translation immediately, may first
+  notify the driver and keep the transaction in flight. This allows the OS
+  to inspect the fault and, for example, make physical pages resident
+  before updating the mappings and completing the transaction. Such IOMMU
+  accepts a limited number of simultaneous stalled transactions before
+  having to either put back-pressure on the master, or abort new faulting
+  transactions.
+
+  Firmware has to opt-in stalling, because most buses and masters don't
+  support it. In particular it isn't compatible with PCI, where
+  transactions have to complete before a time limit. More generally it
+  won't work in systems and masters that haven't been designed for
+  stalling. For example the OS, in order to handle a stalled transaction,
+  may attempt to retrieve pages from secondary storage in a stalled
+  domain, leading to a deadlock.
+
 
 Notes:
 ======
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 21/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add stall support for platform devices
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (19 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 20/24] dt-bindings: document stall property for IOMMU masters Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:54 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:55 ` [PATCH v7 22/24] PCI/ATS: Add PRI stubs Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

The SMMU provides a Stall model for handling page faults in platform
devices. It is similar to PCI PRI, but doesn't require devices to have
their own translation cache. Instead, faulting transactions are parked
and the OS is given a chance to fix the page tables and retry the
transaction.

Enable stall for devices that support it (opt-in by firmware). When an
event corresponds to a translation error, call the IOMMU fault handler.
If the fault is recoverable, it will call us back to terminate or
continue the stall.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/iommu/Kconfig       |   1 +
 include/linux/iommu.h       |   2 +
 drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 284 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 drivers/iommu/of_iommu.c    |   5 +-
 4 files changed, 281 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
index 00b517f449ab..16fb38d5dcc7 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
@@ -433,6 +433,7 @@ config ARM_SMMU_V3
 	depends on ARM64
 	select IOMMU_API
 	select IOMMU_SVA
+	select IOMMU_PAGE_FAULT
 	select IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE_LPAE
 	select GENERIC_MSI_IRQ_DOMAIN
 	select MMU_NOTIFIER
diff --git a/include/linux/iommu.h b/include/linux/iommu.h
index a462157c855b..2768f9927237 100644
--- a/include/linux/iommu.h
+++ b/include/linux/iommu.h
@@ -567,6 +567,7 @@ struct iommu_group *fsl_mc_device_group(struct device *dev);
  * @iommu_fwnode: firmware handle for this device's IOMMU
  * @iommu_priv: IOMMU driver private data for this device
  * @num_pasid_bits: number of PASID bits supported by this device
+ * @can_stall: the device is allowed to stall
  * @num_ids: number of associated device IDs
  * @ids: IDs which this device may present to the IOMMU
  */
@@ -574,6 +575,7 @@ struct iommu_fwspec {
 	const struct iommu_ops	*ops;
 	struct fwnode_handle	*iommu_fwnode;
 	u32			num_pasid_bits;
+	bool			can_stall;
 	unsigned int		num_ids;
 	u32			ids[];
 };
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
index 70dfbd2817aa..9ec2f362802b 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
@@ -385,6 +385,13 @@
 #define CMDQ_PRI_1_GRPID		GENMASK_ULL(8, 0)
 #define CMDQ_PRI_1_RESP			GENMASK_ULL(13, 12)
 
+#define CMDQ_RESUME_0_SID		GENMASK_ULL(63, 32)
+#define CMDQ_RESUME_0_RESP_TERM		0UL
+#define CMDQ_RESUME_0_RESP_RETRY	1UL
+#define CMDQ_RESUME_0_RESP_ABORT	2UL
+#define CMDQ_RESUME_0_RESP		GENMASK_ULL(13, 12)
+#define CMDQ_RESUME_1_STAG		GENMASK_ULL(15, 0)
+
 #define CMDQ_SYNC_0_CS			GENMASK_ULL(13, 12)
 #define CMDQ_SYNC_0_CS_NONE		0
 #define CMDQ_SYNC_0_CS_IRQ		1
@@ -401,6 +408,25 @@
 
 #define EVTQ_0_ID			GENMASK_ULL(7, 0)
 
+#define EVT_ID_TRANSLATION_FAULT	0x10
+#define EVT_ID_ADDR_SIZE_FAULT		0x11
+#define EVT_ID_ACCESS_FAULT		0x12
+#define EVT_ID_PERMISSION_FAULT		0x13
+
+#define EVTQ_0_SSV			(1UL << 11)
+#define EVTQ_0_SSID			GENMASK_ULL(31, 12)
+#define EVTQ_0_SID			GENMASK_ULL(63, 32)
+#define EVTQ_1_STAG			GENMASK_ULL(15, 0)
+#define EVTQ_1_STALL			(1UL << 31)
+#define EVTQ_1_PRIV			(1UL << 33)
+#define EVTQ_1_EXEC			(1UL << 34)
+#define EVTQ_1_READ			(1UL << 35)
+#define EVTQ_1_S2			(1UL << 39)
+#define EVTQ_1_CLASS			GENMASK_ULL(41, 40)
+#define EVTQ_1_TT_READ			(1UL << 44)
+#define EVTQ_2_ADDR			GENMASK_ULL(63, 0)
+#define EVTQ_3_IPA			GENMASK_ULL(51, 12)
+
 /* PRI queue */
 #define PRIQ_ENT_SZ_SHIFT		4
 #define PRIQ_ENT_DWORDS			((1 << PRIQ_ENT_SZ_SHIFT) >> 3)
@@ -525,6 +551,13 @@ struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent {
 			enum pri_resp		resp;
 		} pri;
 
+		#define CMDQ_OP_RESUME		0x44
+		struct {
+			u32			sid;
+			u16			stag;
+			u8			resp;
+		} resume;
+
 		#define CMDQ_OP_CMD_SYNC	0x46
 		struct {
 			u64			msiaddr;
@@ -560,6 +593,10 @@ struct arm_smmu_queue {
 
 	u32 __iomem			*prod_reg;
 	u32 __iomem			*cons_reg;
+
+	/* Event and PRI */
+	u64				batch;
+	wait_queue_head_t		wq;
 };
 
 struct arm_smmu_queue_poll {
@@ -583,6 +620,7 @@ struct arm_smmu_cmdq_batch {
 
 struct arm_smmu_evtq {
 	struct arm_smmu_queue		q;
+	struct iopf_queue		*iopf;
 	u32				max_stalls;
 };
 
@@ -721,6 +759,7 @@ struct arm_smmu_master {
 	struct arm_smmu_stream		*streams;
 	unsigned int			num_streams;
 	bool				ats_enabled;
+	bool				stall_enabled;
 	bool				sva_enabled;
 	struct list_head		bonds;
 	unsigned int			ssid_bits;
@@ -740,6 +779,7 @@ struct arm_smmu_domain {
 
 	struct io_pgtable_ops		*pgtbl_ops;
 	bool				non_strict;
+	bool				stall_enabled;
 	atomic_t			nr_ats_masters;
 
 	enum arm_smmu_domain_stage	stage;
@@ -1034,6 +1074,11 @@ static int arm_smmu_cmdq_build_cmd(u64 *cmd, struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent *ent)
 		}
 		cmd[1] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_PRI_1_RESP, ent->pri.resp);
 		break;
+	case CMDQ_OP_RESUME:
+		cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_RESUME_0_SID, ent->resume.sid);
+		cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_RESUME_0_RESP, ent->resume.resp);
+		cmd[1] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_RESUME_1_STAG, ent->resume.stag);
+		break;
 	case CMDQ_OP_CMD_SYNC:
 		if (ent->sync.msiaddr) {
 			cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_SYNC_0_CS, CMDQ_SYNC_0_CS_IRQ);
@@ -1600,6 +1645,45 @@ static int arm_smmu_cmdq_batch_submit(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu,
 	return arm_smmu_cmdq_issue_cmdlist(smmu, cmds->cmds, cmds->num, true);
 }
 
+static int arm_smmu_page_response(struct device *dev,
+				  struct iommu_fault_event *unused,
+				  struct iommu_page_response *resp)
+{
+	struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent cmd = {0};
+	struct arm_smmu_master *master = dev_iommu_priv_get(dev);
+	int sid = master->streams[0].id;
+
+	if (master->stall_enabled) {
+		cmd.opcode		= CMDQ_OP_RESUME;
+		cmd.resume.sid		= sid;
+		cmd.resume.stag		= resp->grpid;
+		switch (resp->code) {
+		case IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_INVALID:
+		case IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_FAILURE:
+			cmd.resume.resp = CMDQ_RESUME_0_RESP_ABORT;
+			break;
+		case IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_SUCCESS:
+			cmd.resume.resp = CMDQ_RESUME_0_RESP_RETRY;
+			break;
+		default:
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+	} else {
+		/* TODO: insert PRI response here */
+		return -ENODEV;
+	}
+
+	arm_smmu_cmdq_issue_cmd(master->smmu, &cmd);
+	/*
+	 * Don't send a SYNC, it doesn't do anything for RESUME or PRI_RESP.
+	 * RESUME consumption guarantees that the stalled transaction will be
+	 * terminated... at some point in the future. PRI_RESP is fire and
+	 * forget.
+	 */
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
 /* Context descriptor manipulation functions */
 static void arm_smmu_tlb_inv_asid(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu, u16 asid)
 {
@@ -1762,8 +1846,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
 			FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_ASID, cd->asid) |
 			CTXDESC_CD_0_V;
 
-		/* STALL_MODEL==0b10 && CD.S==0 is ILLEGAL */
-		if (smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_STALL_FORCE)
+		if (smmu_domain->stall_enabled)
 			val |= CTXDESC_CD_0_S;
 	}
 
@@ -2171,7 +2254,7 @@ static void arm_smmu_write_strtab_ent(struct arm_smmu_master *master, u32 sid,
 			 FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_STRW, strw));
 
 		if (smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_STALLS &&
-		   !(smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_STALL_FORCE))
+		    !master->stall_enabled)
 			dst[1] |= cpu_to_le64(STRTAB_STE_1_S1STALLD);
 
 		val |= (s1_cfg->cdcfg.cdtab_dma & STRTAB_STE_0_S1CTXPTR_MASK) |
@@ -2248,7 +2331,6 @@ static int arm_smmu_init_l2_strtab(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu, u32 sid)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-__maybe_unused
 static struct arm_smmu_master *
 arm_smmu_find_master(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu, u32 sid)
 {
@@ -2275,23 +2357,123 @@ arm_smmu_find_master(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu, u32 sid)
 }
 
 /* IRQ and event handlers */
+static int arm_smmu_handle_evt(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu, u64 *evt)
+{
+	int ret;
+	u32 perm = 0;
+	struct arm_smmu_master *master;
+	bool ssid_valid = evt[0] & EVTQ_0_SSV;
+	u8 type = FIELD_GET(EVTQ_0_ID, evt[0]);
+	u32 sid = FIELD_GET(EVTQ_0_SID, evt[0]);
+	struct iommu_fault_event fault_evt = { };
+	struct iommu_fault *flt = &fault_evt.fault;
+
+	/* Stage-2 is always pinned at the moment */
+	if (evt[1] & EVTQ_1_S2)
+		return -EFAULT;
+
+	master = arm_smmu_find_master(smmu, sid);
+	if (!master)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (evt[1] & EVTQ_1_READ)
+		perm |= IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_READ;
+	else
+		perm |= IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_WRITE;
+
+	if (evt[1] & EVTQ_1_EXEC)
+		perm |= IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_EXEC;
+
+	if (evt[1] & EVTQ_1_PRIV)
+		perm |= IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_PRIV;
+
+	if (evt[1] & EVTQ_1_STALL) {
+		flt->type = IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQ;
+		flt->prm = (struct iommu_fault_page_request) {
+			.flags = IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQUEST_LAST_PAGE,
+			.pasid = FIELD_GET(EVTQ_0_SSID, evt[0]),
+			.grpid = FIELD_GET(EVTQ_1_STAG, evt[1]),
+			.perm = perm,
+			.addr = FIELD_GET(EVTQ_2_ADDR, evt[2]),
+		};
+
+		if (ssid_valid)
+			flt->prm.flags |= IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQUEST_PASID_VALID;
+	} else {
+		flt->type = IOMMU_FAULT_DMA_UNRECOV;
+		flt->event = (struct iommu_fault_unrecoverable) {
+			.flags = IOMMU_FAULT_UNRECOV_ADDR_VALID |
+				 IOMMU_FAULT_UNRECOV_FETCH_ADDR_VALID,
+			.pasid = FIELD_GET(EVTQ_0_SSID, evt[0]),
+			.perm = perm,
+			.addr = FIELD_GET(EVTQ_2_ADDR, evt[2]),
+			.fetch_addr = FIELD_GET(EVTQ_3_IPA, evt[3]),
+		};
+
+		if (ssid_valid)
+			flt->event.flags |= IOMMU_FAULT_UNRECOV_PASID_VALID;
+
+		switch (type) {
+		case EVT_ID_TRANSLATION_FAULT:
+		case EVT_ID_ADDR_SIZE_FAULT:
+		case EVT_ID_ACCESS_FAULT:
+			flt->event.reason = IOMMU_FAULT_REASON_PTE_FETCH;
+			break;
+		case EVT_ID_PERMISSION_FAULT:
+			flt->event.reason = IOMMU_FAULT_REASON_PERMISSION;
+			break;
+		default:
+			/* TODO: report other unrecoverable faults. */
+			return -EFAULT;
+		}
+	}
+
+	ret = iommu_report_device_fault(master->dev, &fault_evt);
+	if (ret && flt->type == IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQ) {
+		/* Nobody cared, abort the access */
+		struct iommu_page_response resp = {
+			.pasid		= flt->prm.pasid,
+			.grpid		= flt->prm.grpid,
+			.code		= IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_FAILURE,
+		};
+		arm_smmu_page_response(master->dev, NULL, &resp);
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
 static irqreturn_t arm_smmu_evtq_thread(int irq, void *dev)
 {
-	int i;
+	int i, ret;
+	int num_handled = 0;
 	struct arm_smmu_device *smmu = dev;
 	struct arm_smmu_queue *q = &smmu->evtq.q;
 	struct arm_smmu_ll_queue *llq = &q->llq;
+	size_t queue_size = 1 << llq->max_n_shift;
 	u64 evt[EVTQ_ENT_DWORDS];
 
+	spin_lock(&q->wq.lock);
 	do {
 		while (!queue_remove_raw(q, evt)) {
 			u8 id = FIELD_GET(EVTQ_0_ID, evt[0]);
 
-			dev_info(smmu->dev, "event 0x%02x received:\n", id);
-			for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(evt); ++i)
-				dev_info(smmu->dev, "\t0x%016llx\n",
-					 (unsigned long long)evt[i]);
+			spin_unlock(&q->wq.lock);
+			ret = arm_smmu_handle_evt(smmu, evt);
+			spin_lock(&q->wq.lock);
+
+			if (++num_handled == queue_size) {
+				q->batch++;
+				wake_up_all_locked(&q->wq);
+				num_handled = 0;
+			}
 
+			if (ret) {
+				dev_info(smmu->dev, "event 0x%02x received:\n",
+					 id);
+				for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(evt); ++i)
+					dev_info(smmu->dev, "\t0x%016llx\n",
+						 (unsigned long long)evt[i]);
+			}
 		}
 
 		/*
@@ -2305,6 +2487,11 @@ static irqreturn_t arm_smmu_evtq_thread(int irq, void *dev)
 	/* Sync our overflow flag, as we believe we're up to speed */
 	llq->cons = Q_OVF(llq->prod) | Q_WRP(llq, llq->cons) |
 		    Q_IDX(llq, llq->cons);
+	queue_sync_cons_out(q);
+
+	wake_up_all_locked(&q->wq);
+	spin_unlock(&q->wq.lock);
+
 	return IRQ_HANDLED;
 }
 
@@ -2368,6 +2555,36 @@ static irqreturn_t arm_smmu_priq_thread(int irq, void *dev)
 	return IRQ_HANDLED;
 }
 
+/*
+ * arm_smmu_flush_evtq - wait until all events currently in the queue have been
+ *                       consumed.
+ *
+ * Wait until there are no more event for this @pasid in the queue. Either until
+ * the queue becomes empty or, if new events are continually added the queue,
+ * until the event queue thread has handled a full batch (where one batch
+ * corresponds to the queue size). For that we take the batch number when
+ * entering flush() and wait for the event queue thread to increment it twice.
+ * Note that we don't handle overflows on q->batch. If it occurs, just wait for
+ * the queue to become empty.
+ */
+static int arm_smmu_flush_evtq(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
+{
+	int ret;
+	u64 batch;
+	struct arm_smmu_queue *q = &smmu->evtq.q;
+
+	spin_lock(&q->wq.lock);
+	if (queue_sync_prod_in(q) == -EOVERFLOW)
+		dev_err(smmu->dev, "evtq overflow detected -- requests lost\n");
+
+	batch = q->batch;
+	ret = wait_event_interruptible_locked(q->wq, queue_empty(&q->llq) ||
+					      q->batch >= batch + 2);
+	spin_unlock(&q->wq.lock);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
 static int arm_smmu_device_disable(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu);
 
 static irqreturn_t arm_smmu_gerror_handler(int irq, void *dev)
@@ -2812,6 +3029,8 @@ static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise_s1(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
 
 	cfg->s1cdmax = master->ssid_bits;
 
+	smmu_domain->stall_enabled = master->stall_enabled;
+
 	ret = arm_smmu_alloc_cd_tables(smmu_domain);
 	if (ret)
 		goto out_free_asid;
@@ -3156,6 +3375,11 @@ static int arm_smmu_attach_dev(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct device *dev)
 			smmu_domain->s1_cfg.s1cdmax, master->ssid_bits);
 		ret = -EINVAL;
 		goto out_unlock;
+	} else if (smmu_domain->stall_enabled != master->stall_enabled) {
+		dev_err(dev, "cannot attach to stall-%s domain\n",
+			smmu_domain->stall_enabled ? "enabled" : "disabled");
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto out_unlock;
 	}
 
 	master->domain = smmu_domain;
@@ -3425,6 +3649,11 @@ arm_smmu_sva_bind(struct device *dev, struct mm_struct *mm, void *drvdata)
 static void arm_smmu_sva_unbind(struct iommu_sva *handle)
 {
 	struct arm_smmu_bond *bond = sva_to_bond(handle);
+	struct arm_smmu_master *master = dev_iommu_priv_get(handle->dev);
+
+	if (master->stall_enabled)
+		arm_smmu_flush_evtq(master->smmu);
+	iopf_queue_flush_dev(handle->dev);
 
 	mutex_lock(&sva_lock);
 	if (refcount_dec_and_test(&bond->refs)) {
@@ -3603,6 +3832,10 @@ static int arm_smmu_add_device(struct device *dev)
 		master->ssid_bits = min_t(u8, master->ssid_bits,
 					  CTXDESC_LINEAR_CDMAX);
 
+	if ((smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_STALLS && fwspec->can_stall) ||
+	    smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_STALL_FORCE)
+		master->stall_enabled = true;
+
 	ret = iommu_device_link(&smmu->iommu, dev);
 	if (ret)
 		goto err_disable_pasid;
@@ -3638,6 +3871,7 @@ static void arm_smmu_remove_device(struct device *dev)
 
 	master = dev_iommu_priv_get(dev);
 	smmu = master->smmu;
+	iopf_queue_remove_device(smmu->evtq.iopf, dev);
 	WARN_ON(master->sva_enabled);
 	arm_smmu_detach_dev(master);
 	iommu_group_remove_device(dev);
@@ -3761,7 +3995,7 @@ static void arm_smmu_get_resv_regions(struct device *dev,
 
 static bool arm_smmu_iopf_supported(struct arm_smmu_master *master)
 {
-	return false;
+	return master->stall_enabled;
 }
 
 static bool arm_smmu_dev_has_feature(struct device *dev,
@@ -3806,13 +4040,28 @@ static bool arm_smmu_dev_feature_enabled(struct device *dev,
 
 static int arm_smmu_dev_enable_sva(struct device *dev)
 {
+	int ret;
 	struct arm_smmu_master *master = dev_iommu_priv_get(dev);
 
+	if (master->stall_enabled) {
+		ret = iopf_queue_add_device(master->smmu->evtq.iopf, dev);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
+
+	ret = iommu_register_device_fault_handler(dev, iommu_queue_iopf, dev);
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_disable_iopf;
+
 	mutex_lock(&sva_lock);
 	master->sva_enabled = true;
 	mutex_unlock(&sva_lock);
 
 	return 0;
+
+err_disable_iopf:
+	iopf_queue_remove_device(master->smmu->evtq.iopf, dev);
+	return ret;
 }
 
 static int arm_smmu_dev_disable_sva(struct device *dev)
@@ -3828,6 +4077,9 @@ static int arm_smmu_dev_disable_sva(struct device *dev)
 	master->sva_enabled = false;
 	mutex_unlock(&sva_lock);
 
+	iommu_unregister_device_fault_handler(dev);
+	iopf_queue_remove_device(master->smmu->evtq.iopf, dev);
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -3887,6 +4139,7 @@ static struct iommu_ops arm_smmu_ops = {
 	.sva_bind		= arm_smmu_sva_bind,
 	.sva_unbind		= arm_smmu_sva_unbind,
 	.sva_get_pasid		= arm_smmu_sva_get_pasid,
+	.page_response		= arm_smmu_page_response,
 	.pgsize_bitmap		= -1UL, /* Restricted during device attach */
 };
 
@@ -3930,6 +4183,10 @@ static int arm_smmu_init_one_queue(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu,
 	q->q_base |= FIELD_PREP(Q_BASE_LOG2SIZE, q->llq.max_n_shift);
 
 	q->llq.prod = q->llq.cons = 0;
+
+	init_waitqueue_head(&q->wq);
+	q->batch = 0;
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -3983,6 +4240,12 @@ static int arm_smmu_init_queues(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
 	if (ret)
 		return ret;
 
+	if (smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_STALLS) {
+		smmu->evtq.iopf = iopf_queue_alloc(dev_name(smmu->dev));
+		if (!smmu->evtq.iopf)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
 	/* priq */
 	if (!(smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_PRI))
 		return 0;
@@ -4988,6 +5251,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_device_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
 	iommu_device_unregister(&smmu->iommu);
 	iommu_device_sysfs_remove(&smmu->iommu);
 	arm_smmu_device_disable(smmu);
+	iopf_queue_free(smmu->evtq.iopf);
 
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/of_iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/of_iommu.c
index 20738aacac89..dd7017750954 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/of_iommu.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/of_iommu.c
@@ -205,9 +205,12 @@ const struct iommu_ops *of_iommu_configure(struct device *dev,
 		}
 
 		fwspec = dev_iommu_fwspec_get(dev);
-		if (!err && fwspec)
+		if (!err && fwspec) {
 			of_property_read_u32(master_np, "pasid-num-bits",
 					     &fwspec->num_pasid_bits);
+			fwspec->can_stall = of_property_read_bool(master_np,
+								  "dma-can-stall");
+		}
 	}
 
 	/*
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 22/24] PCI/ATS: Add PRI stubs
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (20 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 21/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add stall support for platform devices Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:55 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:55 ` [PATCH v7 23/24] PCI/ATS: Export PRI functions Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  24 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:55 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, Bjorn Helgaas,
	felix.kuehling, will, christian.koenig

The SMMUv3 driver, which can be built without CONFIG_PCI, will soon gain
support for PRI.  Partially revert commit c6e9aefbf9db ("PCI/ATS: Remove
unused PRI and PASID stubs") to re-introduce the PRI stubs, and avoid
adding more #ifdefs to the SMMU driver.

Acked-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <sathyanarayanan.kuppuswamy@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 include/linux/pci-ats.h | 8 ++++++++
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/pci-ats.h b/include/linux/pci-ats.h
index f75c307f346d..e9e266df9b37 100644
--- a/include/linux/pci-ats.h
+++ b/include/linux/pci-ats.h
@@ -28,6 +28,14 @@ int pci_enable_pri(struct pci_dev *pdev, u32 reqs);
 void pci_disable_pri(struct pci_dev *pdev);
 int pci_reset_pri(struct pci_dev *pdev);
 int pci_prg_resp_pasid_required(struct pci_dev *pdev);
+#else /* CONFIG_PCI_PRI */
+static inline int pci_enable_pri(struct pci_dev *pdev, u32 reqs)
+{ return -ENODEV; }
+static inline void pci_disable_pri(struct pci_dev *pdev) { }
+static inline int pci_reset_pri(struct pci_dev *pdev)
+{ return -ENODEV; }
+static inline int pci_prg_resp_pasid_required(struct pci_dev *pdev)
+{ return 0; }
 #endif /* CONFIG_PCI_PRI */
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_PASID
-- 
2.26.2

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https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 23/24] PCI/ATS: Export PRI functions
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (21 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:55 ` [PATCH v7 22/24] PCI/ATS: Add PRI stubs Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:55 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-19 17:55 ` [PATCH v7 24/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for PRI Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-21 10:35 ` [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Will Deacon
  24 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:55 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, Bjorn Helgaas,
	felix.kuehling, will, christian.koenig

The SMMUv3 driver uses pci_{enable,disable}_pri() and related
functions. Export those functions to allow the driver to be built as a
module.

Acked-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <sathyanarayanan.kuppuswamy@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/pci/ats.c | 4 ++++
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/pci/ats.c b/drivers/pci/ats.c
index a4722e8b6a51..418737a3c2c2 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/ats.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/ats.c
@@ -191,6 +191,7 @@ void pci_pri_init(struct pci_dev *pdev)
 	if (status & PCI_PRI_STATUS_PASID)
 		pdev->pasid_required = 1;
 }
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_pri_init);
 
 /**
  * pci_enable_pri - Enable PRI capability
@@ -237,6 +238,7 @@ int pci_enable_pri(struct pci_dev *pdev, u32 reqs)
 
 	return 0;
 }
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_enable_pri);
 
 /**
  * pci_disable_pri - Disable PRI capability
@@ -316,6 +318,7 @@ int pci_reset_pri(struct pci_dev *pdev)
 
 	return 0;
 }
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_reset_pri);
 
 /**
  * pci_prg_resp_pasid_required - Return PRG Response PASID Required bit
@@ -331,6 +334,7 @@ int pci_prg_resp_pasid_required(struct pci_dev *pdev)
 
 	return pdev->pasid_required;
 }
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_prg_resp_pasid_required);
 #endif /* CONFIG_PCI_PRI */
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_PASID
-- 
2.26.2

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https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 24/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for PRI
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (22 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:55 ` [PATCH v7 23/24] PCI/ATS: Export PRI functions Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-19 17:55 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-21 10:35 ` [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Will Deacon
  24 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-19 17:55 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel, linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, Jean-Philippe Brucker, felix.kuehling, will,
	christian.koenig

For PCI devices that support it, enable the PRI capability and handle PRI
Page Requests with the generic fault handler. It is enabled on demand by
iommu_sva_device_init().

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 286 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 236 insertions(+), 50 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
index 9ec2f362802b..b4c49c6fe221 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
@@ -254,6 +254,7 @@
 #define STRTAB_STE_1_S1COR		GENMASK_ULL(5, 4)
 #define STRTAB_STE_1_S1CSH		GENMASK_ULL(7, 6)
 
+#define STRTAB_STE_1_PPAR		(1UL << 18)
 #define STRTAB_STE_1_S1STALLD		(1UL << 27)
 
 #define STRTAB_STE_1_EATS		GENMASK_ULL(29, 28)
@@ -384,6 +385,9 @@
 #define CMDQ_PRI_0_SID			GENMASK_ULL(63, 32)
 #define CMDQ_PRI_1_GRPID		GENMASK_ULL(8, 0)
 #define CMDQ_PRI_1_RESP			GENMASK_ULL(13, 12)
+#define CMDQ_PRI_1_RESP_FAILURE		0UL
+#define CMDQ_PRI_1_RESP_INVALID		1UL
+#define CMDQ_PRI_1_RESP_SUCCESS		2UL
 
 #define CMDQ_RESUME_0_SID		GENMASK_ULL(63, 32)
 #define CMDQ_RESUME_0_RESP_TERM		0UL
@@ -456,12 +460,6 @@ module_param_named(disable_bypass, disable_bypass, bool, S_IRUGO);
 MODULE_PARM_DESC(disable_bypass,
 	"Disable bypass streams such that incoming transactions from devices that are not attached to an iommu domain will report an abort back to the device and will not be allowed to pass through the SMMU.");
 
-enum pri_resp {
-	PRI_RESP_DENY = 0,
-	PRI_RESP_FAIL = 1,
-	PRI_RESP_SUCC = 2,
-};
-
 enum arm_smmu_msi_index {
 	EVTQ_MSI_INDEX,
 	GERROR_MSI_INDEX,
@@ -548,7 +546,7 @@ struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent {
 			u32			sid;
 			u32			ssid;
 			u16			grpid;
-			enum pri_resp		resp;
+			u8			resp;
 		} pri;
 
 		#define CMDQ_OP_RESUME		0x44
@@ -626,6 +624,7 @@ struct arm_smmu_evtq {
 
 struct arm_smmu_priq {
 	struct arm_smmu_queue		q;
+	struct iopf_queue		*iopf;
 };
 
 /* High-level stream table and context descriptor structures */
@@ -760,6 +759,8 @@ struct arm_smmu_master {
 	unsigned int			num_streams;
 	bool				ats_enabled;
 	bool				stall_enabled;
+	bool				pri_supported;
+	bool				prg_resp_needs_ssid;
 	bool				sva_enabled;
 	struct list_head		bonds;
 	unsigned int			ssid_bits;
@@ -1064,14 +1065,6 @@ static int arm_smmu_cmdq_build_cmd(u64 *cmd, struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent *ent)
 		cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_PRI_0_SSID, ent->pri.ssid);
 		cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_PRI_0_SID, ent->pri.sid);
 		cmd[1] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_PRI_1_GRPID, ent->pri.grpid);
-		switch (ent->pri.resp) {
-		case PRI_RESP_DENY:
-		case PRI_RESP_FAIL:
-		case PRI_RESP_SUCC:
-			break;
-		default:
-			return -EINVAL;
-		}
 		cmd[1] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_PRI_1_RESP, ent->pri.resp);
 		break;
 	case CMDQ_OP_RESUME:
@@ -1651,6 +1644,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_page_response(struct device *dev,
 {
 	struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent cmd = {0};
 	struct arm_smmu_master *master = dev_iommu_priv_get(dev);
+	bool pasid_valid = resp->flags & IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_PASID_VALID;
 	int sid = master->streams[0].id;
 
 	if (master->stall_enabled) {
@@ -1668,8 +1662,27 @@ static int arm_smmu_page_response(struct device *dev,
 		default:
 			return -EINVAL;
 		}
+	} else if (master->pri_supported) {
+		cmd.opcode		= CMDQ_OP_PRI_RESP;
+		cmd.substream_valid	= pasid_valid &&
+					  master->prg_resp_needs_ssid;
+		cmd.pri.sid		= sid;
+		cmd.pri.ssid		= resp->pasid;
+		cmd.pri.grpid		= resp->grpid;
+		switch (resp->code) {
+		case IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_FAILURE:
+			cmd.pri.resp = CMDQ_PRI_1_RESP_FAILURE;
+			break;
+		case IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_INVALID:
+			cmd.pri.resp = CMDQ_PRI_1_RESP_INVALID;
+			break;
+		case IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_SUCCESS:
+			cmd.pri.resp = CMDQ_PRI_1_RESP_SUCCESS;
+			break;
+		default:
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
 	} else {
-		/* TODO: insert PRI response here */
 		return -ENODEV;
 	}
 
@@ -2253,6 +2266,9 @@ static void arm_smmu_write_strtab_ent(struct arm_smmu_master *master, u32 sid,
 			 FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_S1CSH, ARM_SMMU_SH_ISH) |
 			 FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_STRW, strw));
 
+		if (master->prg_resp_needs_ssid)
+			dst[1] |= STRTAB_STE_1_PPAR;
+
 		if (smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_STALLS &&
 		    !master->stall_enabled)
 			dst[1] |= cpu_to_le64(STRTAB_STE_1_S1STALLD);
@@ -2497,61 +2513,110 @@ static irqreturn_t arm_smmu_evtq_thread(int irq, void *dev)
 
 static void arm_smmu_handle_ppr(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu, u64 *evt)
 {
-	u32 sid, ssid;
-	u16 grpid;
-	bool ssv, last;
-
-	sid = FIELD_GET(PRIQ_0_SID, evt[0]);
-	ssv = FIELD_GET(PRIQ_0_SSID_V, evt[0]);
-	ssid = ssv ? FIELD_GET(PRIQ_0_SSID, evt[0]) : 0;
-	last = FIELD_GET(PRIQ_0_PRG_LAST, evt[0]);
-	grpid = FIELD_GET(PRIQ_1_PRG_IDX, evt[1]);
-
-	dev_info(smmu->dev, "unexpected PRI request received:\n");
-	dev_info(smmu->dev,
-		 "\tsid 0x%08x.0x%05x: [%u%s] %sprivileged %s%s%s access at iova 0x%016llx\n",
-		 sid, ssid, grpid, last ? "L" : "",
-		 evt[0] & PRIQ_0_PERM_PRIV ? "" : "un",
-		 evt[0] & PRIQ_0_PERM_READ ? "R" : "",
-		 evt[0] & PRIQ_0_PERM_WRITE ? "W" : "",
-		 evt[0] & PRIQ_0_PERM_EXEC ? "X" : "",
-		 evt[1] & PRIQ_1_ADDR_MASK);
-
-	if (last) {
-		struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent cmd = {
-			.opcode			= CMDQ_OP_PRI_RESP,
-			.substream_valid	= ssv,
-			.pri			= {
-				.sid	= sid,
-				.ssid	= ssid,
-				.grpid	= grpid,
-				.resp	= PRI_RESP_DENY,
-			},
+	u32 sid = FIELD_PREP(PRIQ_0_SID, evt[0]);
+
+	bool pasid_valid, last;
+	struct arm_smmu_master *master;
+	struct iommu_fault_event fault_evt = {
+		.fault.type = IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQ,
+		.fault.prm = {
+			.pasid		= FIELD_GET(PRIQ_0_SSID, evt[0]),
+			.grpid		= FIELD_GET(PRIQ_1_PRG_IDX, evt[1]),
+			.addr		= evt[1] & PRIQ_1_ADDR_MASK,
+		},
+	};
+	struct iommu_fault_page_request *pr = &fault_evt.fault.prm;
+
+	pasid_valid = evt[0] & PRIQ_0_SSID_V;
+	last = evt[0] & PRIQ_0_PRG_LAST;
+
+	/* Discard Stop PASID marker, it isn't used */
+	if (!(evt[0] & (PRIQ_0_PERM_READ | PRIQ_0_PERM_WRITE)) && last)
+		return;
+
+	if (last)
+		pr->flags |= IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQUEST_LAST_PAGE;
+	if (pasid_valid)
+		pr->flags |= IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQUEST_PASID_VALID;
+	if (evt[0] & PRIQ_0_PERM_READ)
+		pr->perm |= IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_READ;
+	if (evt[0] & PRIQ_0_PERM_WRITE)
+		pr->perm |= IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_WRITE;
+	if (evt[0] & PRIQ_0_PERM_EXEC)
+		pr->perm |= IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_EXEC;
+	if (evt[0] & PRIQ_0_PERM_PRIV)
+		pr->perm |= IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_PRIV;
+
+	master = arm_smmu_find_master(smmu, sid);
+	if (WARN_ON(!master))
+		return;
+
+	if (iommu_report_device_fault(master->dev, &fault_evt)) {
+		/*
+		 * No handler registered, so subsequent faults won't produce
+		 * better results. Try to disable PRI.
+		 */
+		struct iommu_page_response resp = {
+			.flags		= pasid_valid ?
+					  IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_PASID_VALID : 0,
+			.pasid		= pr->pasid,
+			.grpid		= pr->grpid,
+			.code		= IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_FAILURE,
 		};
 
-		arm_smmu_cmdq_issue_cmd(smmu, &cmd);
+		dev_warn(master->dev,
+			 "PPR 0x%x:0x%llx 0x%x: nobody cared, disabling PRI\n",
+			 pasid_valid ? pr->pasid : 0, pr->addr, pr->perm);
+		if (last)
+			arm_smmu_page_response(master->dev, NULL, &resp);
 	}
 }
 
 static irqreturn_t arm_smmu_priq_thread(int irq, void *dev)
 {
+	int num_handled = 0;
+	bool overflow = false;
 	struct arm_smmu_device *smmu = dev;
 	struct arm_smmu_queue *q = &smmu->priq.q;
 	struct arm_smmu_ll_queue *llq = &q->llq;
+	size_t queue_size = 1 << llq->max_n_shift;
 	u64 evt[PRIQ_ENT_DWORDS];
 
+	spin_lock(&q->wq.lock);
 	do {
-		while (!queue_remove_raw(q, evt))
+		while (!queue_remove_raw(q, evt)) {
+			spin_unlock(&q->wq.lock);
 			arm_smmu_handle_ppr(smmu, evt);
+			spin_lock(&q->wq.lock);
+			if (++num_handled == queue_size) {
+				q->batch++;
+				wake_up_all_locked(&q->wq);
+				num_handled = 0;
+			}
+		}
 
-		if (queue_sync_prod_in(q) == -EOVERFLOW)
+		if (queue_sync_prod_in(q) == -EOVERFLOW) {
 			dev_err(smmu->dev, "PRIQ overflow detected -- requests lost\n");
+			overflow = true;
+		}
 	} while (!queue_empty(llq));
 
 	/* Sync our overflow flag, as we believe we're up to speed */
 	llq->cons = Q_OVF(llq->prod) | Q_WRP(llq, llq->cons) |
 		      Q_IDX(llq, llq->cons);
 	queue_sync_cons_out(q);
+
+	wake_up_all_locked(&q->wq);
+	spin_unlock(&q->wq.lock);
+
+	/*
+	 * On overflow, the SMMU might have discarded the last PPR in a group.
+	 * There is no way to know more about it, so we have to discard all
+	 * partial faults already queued.
+	 */
+	if (overflow)
+		iopf_queue_discard_partial(smmu->priq.iopf);
+
 	return IRQ_HANDLED;
 }
 
@@ -2585,6 +2650,35 @@ static int arm_smmu_flush_evtq(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
 	return ret;
 }
 
+/*
+ * arm_smmu_flush_priq - wait until all requests currently in the queue have
+ *                       been consumed.
+ *
+ * See arm_smmu_flush_evtq().
+ */
+static int arm_smmu_flush_priq(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
+{
+	int ret;
+	u64 batch;
+	bool overflow = false;
+	struct arm_smmu_queue *q = &smmu->priq.q;
+
+	spin_lock(&q->wq.lock);
+	if (queue_sync_prod_in(q) == -EOVERFLOW) {
+		dev_err(smmu->dev, "priq overflow detected -- requests lost\n");
+		overflow = true;
+	}
+
+	batch = q->batch;
+	ret = wait_event_interruptible_locked(q->wq, queue_empty(&q->llq) ||
+					      q->batch >= batch + 2);
+	spin_unlock(&q->wq.lock);
+
+	if (overflow)
+		iopf_queue_discard_partial(smmu->priq.iopf);
+	return ret;
+}
+
 static int arm_smmu_device_disable(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu);
 
 static irqreturn_t arm_smmu_gerror_handler(int irq, void *dev)
@@ -3303,6 +3397,75 @@ static void arm_smmu_disable_pasid(struct arm_smmu_master *master)
 	pci_disable_pasid(pdev);
 }
 
+static int arm_smmu_init_pri(struct arm_smmu_master *master)
+{
+	int pos;
+	struct pci_dev *pdev;
+
+	if (!dev_is_pci(master->dev))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (!(master->smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_PRI))
+		return 0;
+
+	pdev = to_pci_dev(master->dev);
+	pos = pci_find_ext_capability(pdev, PCI_EXT_CAP_ID_PRI);
+	if (!pos)
+		return 0;
+
+	/* If the device supports PASID and PRI, set STE.PPAR */
+	if (master->ssid_bits)
+		master->prg_resp_needs_ssid = pci_prg_resp_pasid_required(pdev);
+
+	master->pri_supported = true;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int arm_smmu_enable_pri(struct arm_smmu_master *master)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct pci_dev *pdev;
+	/*
+	 * TODO: find a good inflight PPR number. According to the SMMU spec we
+	 * should divide the PRI queue by the number of PRI-capable devices, but
+	 * it's impossible to know about future (probed late or hotplugged)
+	 * devices. So we might miss some PPRs due to queue overflow.
+	 */
+	size_t max_inflight_pprs = 16;
+
+	if (!master->pri_supported || !master->ats_enabled)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	pdev = to_pci_dev(master->dev);
+
+	ret = pci_reset_pri(pdev);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	ret = pci_enable_pri(pdev, max_inflight_pprs);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(master->dev, "cannot enable PRI: %d\n", ret);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void arm_smmu_disable_pri(struct arm_smmu_master *master)
+{
+	struct pci_dev *pdev;
+
+	if (!dev_is_pci(master->dev))
+		return;
+
+	pdev = to_pci_dev(master->dev);
+
+	if (!pdev->pri_enabled)
+		return;
+
+	pci_disable_pri(pdev);
+}
+
 static void arm_smmu_detach_dev(struct arm_smmu_master *master)
 {
 	unsigned long flags;
@@ -3653,6 +3816,8 @@ static void arm_smmu_sva_unbind(struct iommu_sva *handle)
 
 	if (master->stall_enabled)
 		arm_smmu_flush_evtq(master->smmu);
+	else if (master->pri_supported)
+		arm_smmu_flush_priq(master->smmu);
 	iopf_queue_flush_dev(handle->dev);
 
 	mutex_lock(&sva_lock);
@@ -3836,6 +4001,8 @@ static int arm_smmu_add_device(struct device *dev)
 	    smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_STALL_FORCE)
 		master->stall_enabled = true;
 
+	arm_smmu_init_pri(master);
+
 	ret = iommu_device_link(&smmu->iommu, dev);
 	if (ret)
 		goto err_disable_pasid;
@@ -3871,6 +4038,7 @@ static void arm_smmu_remove_device(struct device *dev)
 
 	master = dev_iommu_priv_get(dev);
 	smmu = master->smmu;
+	iopf_queue_remove_device(smmu->priq.iopf, dev);
 	iopf_queue_remove_device(smmu->evtq.iopf, dev);
 	WARN_ON(master->sva_enabled);
 	arm_smmu_detach_dev(master);
@@ -3995,7 +4163,7 @@ static void arm_smmu_get_resv_regions(struct device *dev,
 
 static bool arm_smmu_iopf_supported(struct arm_smmu_master *master)
 {
-	return master->stall_enabled;
+	return master->stall_enabled || master->pri_supported;
 }
 
 static bool arm_smmu_dev_has_feature(struct device *dev,
@@ -4047,6 +4215,15 @@ static int arm_smmu_dev_enable_sva(struct device *dev)
 		ret = iopf_queue_add_device(master->smmu->evtq.iopf, dev);
 		if (ret)
 			return ret;
+	} else if (master->pri_supported) {
+		ret = iopf_queue_add_device(master->smmu->priq.iopf, dev);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+
+		if (arm_smmu_enable_pri(master)) {
+			iopf_queue_remove_device(master->smmu->priq.iopf, dev);
+			return ret;
+		}
 	}
 
 	ret = iommu_register_device_fault_handler(dev, iommu_queue_iopf, dev);
@@ -4060,6 +4237,8 @@ static int arm_smmu_dev_enable_sva(struct device *dev)
 	return 0;
 
 err_disable_iopf:
+	arm_smmu_disable_pri(master);
+	iopf_queue_remove_device(master->smmu->priq.iopf, dev);
 	iopf_queue_remove_device(master->smmu->evtq.iopf, dev);
 	return ret;
 }
@@ -4078,6 +4257,8 @@ static int arm_smmu_dev_disable_sva(struct device *dev)
 	mutex_unlock(&sva_lock);
 
 	iommu_unregister_device_fault_handler(dev);
+	arm_smmu_disable_pri(master);
+	iopf_queue_remove_device(master->smmu->priq.iopf, dev);
 	iopf_queue_remove_device(master->smmu->evtq.iopf, dev);
 
 	return 0;
@@ -4250,6 +4431,10 @@ static int arm_smmu_init_queues(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
 	if (!(smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_PRI))
 		return 0;
 
+	smmu->priq.iopf = iopf_queue_alloc(dev_name(smmu->dev));
+	if (!smmu->priq.iopf)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
 	return arm_smmu_init_one_queue(smmu, &smmu->priq.q, ARM_SMMU_PRIQ_PROD,
 				       ARM_SMMU_PRIQ_CONS, PRIQ_ENT_DWORDS,
 				       "priq");
@@ -5252,6 +5437,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_device_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
 	iommu_device_sysfs_remove(&smmu->iommu);
 	arm_smmu_device_disable(smmu);
 	iopf_queue_free(smmu->evtq.iopf);
+	iopf_queue_free(smmu->priq.iopf);
 
 	return 0;
 }
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v7 02/24] iommu/ioasid: Add ioasid references
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 02/24] iommu/ioasid: Add ioasid references Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-20  2:31   ` Lu Baolu
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Lu Baolu @ 2020-05-20  2:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jean-Philippe Brucker, iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel,
	linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, felix.kuehling, will, christian.koenig

On 5/20/20 1:54 AM, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> Let IOASID users take references to existing ioasids with ioasid_get().
> ioasid_put() drops a reference and only frees the ioasid when its
> reference number is zero. It returns true if the ioasid was freed.
> For drivers that don't call ioasid_get(), ioasid_put() is the same as
> ioasid_free().
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
> ---
> v6->v7: rename ioasid_free() to ioasid_put(), add WARN in ioasid_get()
> ---
>   include/linux/ioasid.h      | 10 ++++++++--
>   drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c |  4 ++--
>   drivers/iommu/intel-svm.c   |  6 +++---
>   drivers/iommu/ioasid.c      | 38 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
>   4 files changed, 47 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/include/linux/ioasid.h b/include/linux/ioasid.h
> index 6f000d7a0ddc..e9dacd4b9f6b 100644
> --- a/include/linux/ioasid.h
> +++ b/include/linux/ioasid.h
> @@ -34,7 +34,8 @@ struct ioasid_allocator_ops {
>   #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IOASID)
>   ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max,
>   		      void *private);
> -void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid);
> +void ioasid_get(ioasid_t ioasid);
> +bool ioasid_put(ioasid_t ioasid);
>   void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid,
>   		  bool (*getter)(void *));
>   int ioasid_register_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator_ops *allocator);
> @@ -48,10 +49,15 @@ static inline ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min,
>   	return INVALID_IOASID;
>   }
>   
> -static inline void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
> +static inline void ioasid_get(ioasid_t ioasid)
>   {
>   }
>   
> +static inline bool ioasid_put(ioasid_t ioasid)
> +{
> +	return false;
> +}
> +
>   static inline void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid,
>   				bool (*getter)(void *))
>   {
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
> index ed21ce6d1238..0230f35480ee 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
> @@ -5432,7 +5432,7 @@ static void auxiliary_unlink_device(struct dmar_domain *domain,
>   	domain->auxd_refcnt--;
>   
>   	if (!domain->auxd_refcnt && domain->default_pasid > 0)
> -		ioasid_free(domain->default_pasid);
> +		ioasid_put(domain->default_pasid);
>   }
>   
>   static int aux_domain_add_dev(struct dmar_domain *domain,
> @@ -5494,7 +5494,7 @@ static int aux_domain_add_dev(struct dmar_domain *domain,
>   	spin_unlock(&iommu->lock);
>   	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&device_domain_lock, flags);
>   	if (!domain->auxd_refcnt && domain->default_pasid > 0)
> -		ioasid_free(domain->default_pasid);
> +		ioasid_put(domain->default_pasid);
>   
>   	return ret;
>   }
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/intel-svm.c b/drivers/iommu/intel-svm.c
> index 2998418f0a38..86f1264bd07c 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/intel-svm.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/intel-svm.c
> @@ -353,7 +353,7 @@ int intel_svm_bind_mm(struct device *dev, int *pasid, int flags, struct svm_dev_
>   		if (mm) {
>   			ret = mmu_notifier_register(&svm->notifier, mm);
>   			if (ret) {
> -				ioasid_free(svm->pasid);
> +				ioasid_put(svm->pasid);
>   				kfree(svm);
>   				kfree(sdev);
>   				goto out;
> @@ -371,7 +371,7 @@ int intel_svm_bind_mm(struct device *dev, int *pasid, int flags, struct svm_dev_
>   		if (ret) {
>   			if (mm)
>   				mmu_notifier_unregister(&svm->notifier, mm);
> -			ioasid_free(svm->pasid);
> +			ioasid_put(svm->pasid);
>   			kfree(svm);
>   			kfree(sdev);
>   			goto out;
> @@ -447,7 +447,7 @@ int intel_svm_unbind_mm(struct device *dev, int pasid)
>   			kfree_rcu(sdev, rcu);
>   
>   			if (list_empty(&svm->devs)) {
> -				ioasid_free(svm->pasid);
> +				ioasid_put(svm->pasid);
>   				if (svm->mm)
>   					mmu_notifier_unregister(&svm->notifier, svm->mm);
>   				list_del(&svm->list);
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c b/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
> index 0f8dd377aada..50ee27bbd04e 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
> @@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
>   /*
>    * I/O Address Space ID allocator. There is one global IOASID space, split into
>    * subsets. Users create a subset with DECLARE_IOASID_SET, then allocate and
> - * free IOASIDs with ioasid_alloc and ioasid_free.
> + * free IOASIDs with ioasid_alloc and ioasid_put.
>    */
>   #include <linux/ioasid.h>
>   #include <linux/module.h>
> @@ -15,6 +15,7 @@ struct ioasid_data {
>   	struct ioasid_set *set;
>   	void *private;
>   	struct rcu_head rcu;
> +	refcount_t refs;
>   };
>   
>   /*
> @@ -314,6 +315,7 @@ ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max,
>   
>   	data->set = set;
>   	data->private = private;
> +	refcount_set(&data->refs, 1);
>   
>   	/*
>   	 * Custom allocator needs allocator data to perform platform specific
> @@ -346,11 +348,34 @@ ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max,
>   EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_alloc);
>   
>   /**
> - * ioasid_free - Free an IOASID
> + * ioasid_get - obtain a reference to the IOASID
> + */
> +void ioasid_get(ioasid_t ioasid)
> +{
> +	struct ioasid_data *ioasid_data;
> +
> +	spin_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> +	ioasid_data = xa_load(&active_allocator->xa, ioasid);
> +	if (ioasid_data)
> +		refcount_inc(&ioasid_data->refs);
> +	else
> +		WARN_ON(1);
> +	spin_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_get);
> +
> +/**
> + * ioasid_put - Release a reference to an ioasid
>    * @ioasid: the ID to remove
> + *
> + * Put a reference to the IOASID, free it when the number of references drops to
> + * zero.
> + *
> + * Return: %true if the IOASID was freed, %false otherwise.
>    */
> -void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
> +bool ioasid_put(ioasid_t ioasid)
>   {
> +	bool free = false;
>   	struct ioasid_data *ioasid_data;
>   
>   	spin_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> @@ -360,6 +385,10 @@ void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
>   		goto exit_unlock;
>   	}
>   
> +	free = refcount_dec_and_test(&ioasid_data->refs);
> +	if (!free)
> +		goto exit_unlock;
> +
>   	active_allocator->ops->free(ioasid, active_allocator->ops->pdata);
>   	/* Custom allocator needs additional steps to free the xa element */
>   	if (active_allocator->flags & IOASID_ALLOCATOR_CUSTOM) {
> @@ -369,8 +398,9 @@ void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
>   
>   exit_unlock:
>   	spin_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> +	return free;
>   }
> -EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_free);
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_put);
>   
>   /**
>    * ioasid_find - Find IOASID data
> 

Reviewed-by: Lu Baolu <baolu.lu@linux.intel.com>

Best regards,
baolu
_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v7 03/24] iommu/sva: Add PASID helpers
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 03/24] iommu/sva: Add PASID helpers Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-20  2:41   ` Lu Baolu
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Lu Baolu @ 2020-05-20  2:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jean-Philippe Brucker, iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel,
	linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, felix.kuehling, will, christian.koenig

On 5/20/20 1:54 AM, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> Let IOMMU drivers allocate a single PASID per mm. Store the mm in the
> IOASID set to allow refcounting and searching mm by PASID, when handling
> an I/O page fault.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
> ---
>   drivers/iommu/Kconfig     |  5 +++
>   drivers/iommu/Makefile    |  1 +
>   drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.h | 15 +++++++
>   drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.c | 85 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>   4 files changed, 106 insertions(+)
>   create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.h
>   create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.c
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> index 2ab07ce17abb..d9fa5b410015 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> @@ -102,6 +102,11 @@ config IOMMU_DMA
>   	select IRQ_MSI_IOMMU
>   	select NEED_SG_DMA_LENGTH
>   
> +# Shared Virtual Addressing library
> +config IOMMU_SVA

This looks too generic. It doesn't match the code it actually controls.

How about IOMMU_SVA_LIB?

> +	bool
> +	select IOASID > +
>   config FSL_PAMU
>   	bool "Freescale IOMMU support"
>   	depends on PCI
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Makefile b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
> index 9f33fdb3bb05..40c800dd4e3e 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
> @@ -37,3 +37,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_S390_IOMMU) += s390-iommu.o
>   obj-$(CONFIG_QCOM_IOMMU) += qcom_iommu.o
>   obj-$(CONFIG_HYPERV_IOMMU) += hyperv-iommu.o
>   obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_IOMMU) += virtio-iommu.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_SVA) += iommu-sva.o
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.h b/drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..78f806fcacbe
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,15 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +/*
> + * SVA library for IOMMU drivers
> + */
> +#ifndef _IOMMU_SVA_H
> +#define _IOMMU_SVA_H
> +
> +#include <linux/ioasid.h>
> +#include <linux/mm_types.h>
> +
> +int iommu_sva_alloc_pasid(struct mm_struct *mm, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max);
> +void iommu_sva_free_pasid(struct mm_struct *mm);
> +struct mm_struct *iommu_sva_find(ioasid_t pasid);
> +
> +#endif /* _IOMMU_SVA_H */
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.c b/drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..442644a1ade0
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/iommu-sva.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,85 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * Helpers for IOMMU drivers implementing SVA
> + */
> +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> +#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
> +
> +#include "iommu-sva.h"
> +
> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(iommu_sva_lock);
> +static DECLARE_IOASID_SET(shared_pasid);

NIT: how about iommu_sva_pasid?

> +
> +/**
> + * iommu_sva_alloc_pasid - Allocate a PASID for the mm
> + * @mm: the mm
> + * @min: minimum PASID value (inclusive)
> + * @max: maximum PASID value (inclusive)
> + *
> + * Try to allocate a PASID for this mm, or take a reference to the existing one
> + * provided it fits within the [min, max] range. On success the PASID is
> + * available in mm->pasid, and must be released with iommu_sva_free_pasid().
> + *
> + * Returns 0 on success and < 0 on error.
> + */
> +int iommu_sva_alloc_pasid(struct mm_struct *mm, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max)
> +{
> +	int ret = 0;
> +	ioasid_t pasid;
> +
> +	if (min == INVALID_IOASID || max == INVALID_IOASID ||
> +	    min == 0 || max < min)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&iommu_sva_lock);
> +	if (mm->pasid) {
> +		if (mm->pasid >= min && mm->pasid <= max)
> +			ioasid_get(mm->pasid);
> +		else
> +			ret = -EOVERFLOW;
> +	} else {
> +		pasid = ioasid_alloc(&shared_pasid, min, max, mm);
> +		if (pasid == INVALID_IOASID)
> +			ret = -ENOMEM;
> +		else
> +			mm->pasid = pasid;
> +	}
> +	mutex_unlock(&iommu_sva_lock);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_sva_alloc_pasid);
> +
> +/**
> + * iommu_sva_free_pasid - Release the mm's PASID
> + * @mm: the mm.
> + *
> + * Drop one reference to a PASID allocated with iommu_sva_alloc_pasid()
> + */
> +void iommu_sva_free_pasid(struct mm_struct *mm)
> +{
> +	mutex_lock(&iommu_sva_lock);
> +	if (ioasid_put(mm->pasid))
> +		mm->pasid = 0;
> +	mutex_unlock(&iommu_sva_lock);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_sva_free_pasid);
> +
> +/* ioasid wants a void * argument */
> +static bool __mmget_not_zero(void *mm)
> +{
> +	return mmget_not_zero(mm);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * iommu_sva_find() - Find mm associated to the given PASID
> + * @pasid: Process Address Space ID assigned to the mm
> + *
> + * On success a reference to the mm is taken, and must be released with mmput().
> + *
> + * Returns the mm corresponding to this PASID, or an error if not found.
> + */
> +struct mm_struct *iommu_sva_find(ioasid_t pasid)
> +{
> +	return ioasid_find(&shared_pasid, pasid, __mmget_not_zero);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_sva_find);
> 

Best regards,
baolu
_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v7 04/24] iommu: Add a page fault handler
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 04/24] iommu: Add a page fault handler Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-20  6:42   ` Lu Baolu
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Lu Baolu @ 2020-05-20  6:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jean-Philippe Brucker, iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel,
	linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, jgg, catalin.marinas, robin.murphy, hch,
	zhangfei.gao, felix.kuehling, will, christian.koenig

Hi Jean,

On 2020/5/20 1:54, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> Some systems allow devices to handle I/O Page Faults in the core mm. For
> example systems implementing the PCIe PRI extension or Arm SMMU stall
> model. Infrastructure for reporting these recoverable page faults was
> added to the IOMMU core by commit 0c830e6b3282 ("iommu: Introduce device
> fault report API"). Add a page fault handler for host SVA.
> 
> IOMMU driver can now instantiate several fault workqueues and link them
> to IOPF-capable devices. Drivers can choose between a single global
> workqueue, one per IOMMU device, one per low-level fault queue, one per
> domain, etc.
> 
> When it receives a fault event, supposedly in an IRQ handler, the IOMMU
> driver reports the fault using iommu_report_device_fault(), which calls
> the registered handler. The page fault handler then calls the mm fault
> handler, and reports either success or failure with iommu_page_response().
> When the handler succeeded, the IOMMU retries the access.
> 
> The iopf_param pointer could be embedded into iommu_fault_param. But
> putting iopf_param into the iommu_param structure allows us not to care
> about ordering between calls to iopf_queue_add_device() and
> iommu_register_device_fault_handler().
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
> ---
> v6->v7: Fix leak in iopf_queue_discard_partial()
> ---
>   drivers/iommu/Kconfig      |   4 +
>   drivers/iommu/Makefile     |   1 +
>   include/linux/iommu.h      |  51 +++++
>   drivers/iommu/io-pgfault.c | 459 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>   4 files changed, 515 insertions(+)
>   create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/io-pgfault.c
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> index d9fa5b410015..15e9dc4e503c 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> @@ -107,6 +107,10 @@ config IOMMU_SVA
>   	bool
>   	select IOASID
>   
> +config IOMMU_PAGE_FAULT
> +	bool
> +	select IOMMU_SVA
> +
>   config FSL_PAMU
>   	bool "Freescale IOMMU support"
>   	depends on PCI
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Makefile b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
> index 40c800dd4e3e..bf5cb4ee8409 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
> @@ -4,6 +4,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_API) += iommu-traces.o
>   obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_API) += iommu-sysfs.o
>   obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_DEBUGFS) += iommu-debugfs.o
>   obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_DMA) += dma-iommu.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_PAGE_FAULT) += io-pgfault.o
>   obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE) += io-pgtable.o
>   obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE_ARMV7S) += io-pgtable-arm-v7s.o
>   obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE_LPAE) += io-pgtable-arm.o

[SNIP]

> +
> +static enum iommu_page_response_code
> +iopf_handle_single(struct iopf_fault *iopf)
> +{
> +	vm_fault_t ret;
> +	struct mm_struct *mm;
> +	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
> +	unsigned int access_flags = 0;
> +	unsigned int fault_flags = FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE;
> +	struct iommu_fault_page_request *prm = &iopf->fault.prm;
> +	enum iommu_page_response_code status = IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_INVALID;
> +
> +	if (!(prm->flags & IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQUEST_PASID_VALID))
> +		return status;
> +
> +	mm = iommu_sva_find(prm->pasid);
> +	if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(mm))
> +		return status;
> +
> +	down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
> +
> +	vma = find_extend_vma(mm, prm->addr);
> +	if (!vma)
> +		/* Unmapped area */
> +		goto out_put_mm;
> +
> +	if (prm->perm & IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_READ)
> +		access_flags |= VM_READ;
> +
> +	if (prm->perm & IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_WRITE) {
> +		access_flags |= VM_WRITE;
> +		fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_WRITE;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (prm->perm & IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_EXEC) {
> +		access_flags |= VM_EXEC;
> +		fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (!(prm->perm & IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_PRIV))
> +		fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_USER;
> +
> +	if (access_flags & ~vma->vm_flags)
> +		/* Access fault */
> +		goto out_put_mm;
> +
> +	ret = handle_mm_fault(vma, prm->addr, fault_flags);
> +	status = ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR ? IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_INVALID :

Do you mind telling why it's IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_INVALID but not
IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_FAILURE?

> +		IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_SUCCESS;
> +
> +out_put_mm:
> +	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
> +	mmput(mm);
> +
> +	return status;
> +}
> +
> +static void iopf_handle_group(struct work_struct *work)
> +{
> +	struct iopf_group *group;
> +	struct iopf_fault *iopf, *next;
> +	enum iommu_page_response_code status = IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_SUCCESS;
> +
> +	group = container_of(work, struct iopf_group, work);
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry_safe(iopf, next, &group->faults, list) {
> +		/*
> +		 * For the moment, errors are sticky: don't handle subsequent
> +		 * faults in the group if there is an error.
> +		 */
> +		if (status == IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_SUCCESS)
> +			status = iopf_handle_single(iopf);
> +
> +		if (!(iopf->fault.prm.flags &
> +		      IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQUEST_LAST_PAGE))
> +			kfree(iopf);
> +	}
> +
> +	iopf_complete_group(group->dev, &group->last_fault, status);
> +	kfree(group);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * iommu_queue_iopf - IO Page Fault handler
> + * @evt: fault event

@fault?

> + * @cookie: struct device, passed to iommu_register_device_fault_handler.
> + *
> + * Add a fault to the device workqueue, to be handled by mm.
> + *
> + * This module doesn't handle PCI PASID Stop Marker; IOMMU drivers must discard
> + * them before reporting faults. A PASID Stop Marker (LRW = 0b100) doesn't
> + * expect a response. It may be generated when disabling a PASID (issuing a
> + * PASID stop request) by some PCI devices.
> + *
> + * The PASID stop request is issued by the device driver before unbind(). Once
> + * it completes, no page request is generated for this PASID anymore and
> + * outstanding ones have been pushed to the IOMMU (as per PCIe 4.0r1.0 - 6.20.1
> + * and 10.4.1.2 - Managing PASID TLP Prefix Usage). Some PCI devices will wait
> + * for all outstanding page requests to come back with a response before
> + * completing the PASID stop request. Others do not wait for page responses, and
> + * instead issue this Stop Marker that tells us when the PASID can be
> + * reallocated.
> + *
> + * It is safe to discard the Stop Marker because it is an optimization.
> + * a. Page requests, which are posted requests, have been flushed to the IOMMU
> + *    when the stop request completes.
> + * b. We flush all fault queues on unbind() before freeing the PASID.
> + *
> + * So even though the Stop Marker might be issued by the device *after* the stop
> + * request completes, outstanding faults will have been dealt with by the time
> + * we free the PASID.
> + *
> + * Return: 0 on success and <0 on error.
> + */
> +int iommu_queue_iopf(struct iommu_fault *fault, void *cookie)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	struct iopf_group *group;
> +	struct iopf_fault *iopf, *next;
> +	struct iopf_device_param *iopf_param;
> +
> +	struct device *dev = cookie;
> +	struct dev_iommu *param = dev->iommu;
> +
> +	lockdep_assert_held(&param->lock);
> +
> +	if (fault->type != IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQ)
> +		/* Not a recoverable page fault */
> +		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * As long as we're holding param->lock, the queue can't be unlinked
> +	 * from the device and therefore cannot disappear.
> +	 */
> +	iopf_param = param->iopf_param;
> +	if (!iopf_param)
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	if (!(fault->prm.flags & IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQUEST_LAST_PAGE)) {
> +		iopf = kzalloc(sizeof(*iopf), GFP_KERNEL);
> +		if (!iopf)
> +			return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +		iopf->fault = *fault;
> +
> +		/* Non-last request of a group. Postpone until the last one */
> +		list_add(&iopf->list, &iopf_param->partial);
> +
> +		return 0;
> +	}
> +
> +	group = kzalloc(sizeof(*group), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!group) {
> +		/*
> +		 * The caller will send a response to the hardware. But we do
> +		 * need to clean up before leaving, otherwise partial faults
> +		 * will be stuck.
> +		 */
> +		ret = -ENOMEM;
> +		goto cleanup_partial;
> +	}
> +
> +	group->dev = dev;
> +	group->last_fault.fault = *fault;
> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&group->faults);
> +	list_add(&group->last_fault.list, &group->faults);
> +	INIT_WORK(&group->work, iopf_handle_group);
> +
> +	/* See if we have partial faults for this group */
> +	list_for_each_entry_safe(iopf, next, &iopf_param->partial, list) {
> +		if (iopf->fault.prm.grpid == fault->prm.grpid)
> +			/* Insert *before* the last fault */
> +			list_move(&iopf->list, &group->faults);
> +	}
> +
> +	queue_work(iopf_param->queue->wq, &group->work);
> +	return 0;
> +
> +cleanup_partial:
> +	list_for_each_entry_safe(iopf, next, &iopf_param->partial, list) {
> +		if (iopf->fault.prm.grpid == fault->prm.grpid) {
> +			list_del(&iopf->list);
> +			kfree(iopf);
> +		}
> +	}
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_queue_iopf);

[SNIP]

> + 
> +
> +/**
> + * iopf_queue_add_device - Add producer to the fault queue
> + * @queue: IOPF queue
> + * @dev: device to add
> + *
> + * Return: 0 on success and <0 on error.
> + */
> +int iopf_queue_add_device(struct iopf_queue *queue, struct device *dev)
> +{
> +	int ret = -EBUSY;
> +	struct iopf_device_param *iopf_param;
> +	struct dev_iommu *param = dev->iommu;
> +
> +	if (!param)
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	iopf_param = kzalloc(sizeof(*iopf_param), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!iopf_param)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&iopf_param->partial);
> +	iopf_param->queue = queue; iopf_param->dev = dev;

Two lines?

> +
> +	mutex_lock(&queue->lock);
> +	mutex_lock(&param->lock);
> +	if (!param->iopf_param) {
> +		list_add(&iopf_param->queue_list, &queue->devices);
> +		param->iopf_param = iopf_param;
> +		ret = 0;
> +	}
> +	mutex_unlock(&param->lock);
> +	mutex_unlock(&queue->lock);
> +
> +	if (ret)
> +		kfree(iopf_param);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iopf_queue_add_device);
> +

[SNIP]
Best regards,
baolu
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3
  2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (23 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-05-19 17:55 ` [PATCH v7 24/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for PRI Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-21 10:35 ` Will Deacon
  2020-05-21 14:17   ` Will Deacon
  24 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Will Deacon @ 2020-05-21 10:35 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jean-Philippe Brucker
  Cc: devicetree, kevin.tian, jgg, linux-pci, fenghua.yu, hch,
	linux-mm, iommu, zhangfei.gao, catalin.marinas, felix.kuehling,
	robin.murphy, christian.koenig, linux-arm-kernel

Hi Jean-Philippe,

On Tue, May 19, 2020 at 07:54:38PM +0200, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> Shared Virtual Addressing (SVA) allows to share process page tables with
> devices using the IOMMU, PASIDs and I/O page faults. Add SVA support to
> the Arm SMMUv3 driver.
> 
> Since v6 [1]:
> * Rename ioasid_free() to ioasid_put() in patch 02, requiring changes to
>   the Intel drivers.
> * Use mmu_notifier_register() in patch 16 to avoid copying the ops and
>   simplify the invalidate() notifier in patch 17.
> * As a result, replace context spinlock with a mutex. Simplified locking in
>   patch 11 (That patch still looks awful, but I think the series is more
>   readable overall). And I've finally been able to remove the GFP_ATOMIC
>   allocations.
> * Use a single patch (04) for io-pgfault.c, since the code was simplified
>   in v6. Fixed partial list in patch 04.

There's an awful lot here and it stretches across quite a few subsystems,
with different git trees. What's the plan for merging it?

I'm happy to take some of the arm64 and smmu changes for 5.8, then perhaps
we can review what's left and target 5.9? It would also be helpful to split
that up into separate series where there aren't strong dependencies, I
think.

Will
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v7 18/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for Hardware Translation Table Update
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 18/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for Hardware Translation Table Update Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-21 11:12   ` Will Deacon
  2020-05-27  3:00   ` Xiang Zheng
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Will Deacon @ 2020-05-21 11:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jean-Philippe Brucker
  Cc: devicetree, kevin.tian, jgg, linux-pci, fenghua.yu, hch,
	linux-mm, iommu, zhangfei.gao, catalin.marinas, felix.kuehling,
	robin.murphy, christian.koenig, linux-arm-kernel

On Tue, May 19, 2020 at 07:54:56PM +0200, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> If the SMMU supports it and the kernel was built with HTTU support,
> enable hardware update of access and dirty flags. This is essential for
> shared page tables, to reduce the number of access faults on the fault
> queue. Normal DMA with io-pgtables doesn't currently use the access or
> dirty flags.
> 
> We can enable HTTU even if CPUs don't support it, because the kernel
> always checks for HW dirty bit and updates the PTE flags atomically.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
> ---
>  drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 24 +++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  1 file changed, 23 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

How does this work if the SMMU isn't cache coherent? I'm guessing we don't
want to enable any SVA stuff in that case, but I couldn't spot where that
was being enforced. Did I just miss it?

Will
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v7 07/24] iommu/io-pgtable-arm: Move some definitions to a header
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 07/24] iommu/io-pgtable-arm: Move some definitions to a header Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-21 14:16   ` Will Deacon
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Will Deacon @ 2020-05-21 14:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jean-Philippe Brucker
  Cc: devicetree, kevin.tian, jgg, linux-pci, fenghua.yu, hch,
	linux-mm, iommu, zhangfei.gao, catalin.marinas, felix.kuehling,
	robin.murphy, christian.koenig, linux-arm-kernel

On Tue, May 19, 2020 at 07:54:45PM +0200, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> Extract some of the most generic TCR defines, so they can be reused by
> the page table sharing code.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
> ---
>  drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.h | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c | 27 ++-------------------------
>  MAINTAINERS                    |  3 +--
>  3 files changed, 33 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.h

Acked-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

Will
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v7 12/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for VHE
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 12/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for VHE Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-21 14:16   ` Will Deacon
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Will Deacon @ 2020-05-21 14:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jean-Philippe Brucker
  Cc: devicetree, kevin.tian, jgg, linux-pci, fenghua.yu, hch,
	linux-mm, iommu, zhangfei.gao, catalin.marinas, felix.kuehling,
	robin.murphy, christian.koenig, linux-arm-kernel

On Tue, May 19, 2020 at 07:54:50PM +0200, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> ARMv8.1 extensions added Virtualization Host Extensions (VHE), which allow
> to run a host kernel at EL2. When using normal DMA, Device and CPU address
> spaces are dissociated, and do not need to implement the same
> capabilities, so VHE hasn't been used in the SMMU until now.
> 
> With shared address spaces however, ASIDs are shared between MMU and SMMU,
> and broadcast TLB invalidations issued by a CPU are taken into account by
> the SMMU. TLB entries on both sides need to have identical exception level
> in order to be cleared with a single invalidation.
> 
> When the CPU is using VHE, enable VHE in the SMMU for all STEs. Normal DMA
> mappings will need to use TLBI_EL2 commands instead of TLBI_NH, but
> shouldn't be otherwise affected by this change.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
> ---
>  drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 31 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
>  1 file changed, 26 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

Acked-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

Will
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v7 14/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add SVA feature checking
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 14/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add SVA feature checking Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-21 14:17   ` Will Deacon
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Will Deacon @ 2020-05-21 14:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jean-Philippe Brucker
  Cc: devicetree, kevin.tian, jgg, linux-pci, Suzuki K Poulose,
	fenghua.yu, hch, linux-mm, iommu, zhangfei.gao, catalin.marinas,
	felix.kuehling, robin.murphy, christian.koenig, linux-arm-kernel

On Tue, May 19, 2020 at 07:54:52PM +0200, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> Aggregate all sanity-checks for sharing CPU page tables with the SMMU
> under a single ARM_SMMU_FEAT_SVA bit. For PCIe SVA, users also need to
> check FEAT_ATS and FEAT_PRI. For platform SVA, they will most likely have
> to check FEAT_STALLS.
> 
> Cc: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
> ---
>  drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 72 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 72 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
> index 9332253e3608..a9f6f1d7014e 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
> @@ -660,6 +660,7 @@ struct arm_smmu_device {
>  #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_RANGE_INV		(1 << 15)
>  #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_E2H		(1 << 16)
>  #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_BTM		(1 << 17)
> +#define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_SVA		(1 << 18)
>  	u32				features;
>  
>  #define ARM_SMMU_OPT_SKIP_PREFETCH	(1 << 0)
> @@ -3935,6 +3936,74 @@ static int arm_smmu_device_reset(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu, bool bypass)
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> +static bool arm_smmu_supports_sva(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
> +{
> +	unsigned long reg, fld;
> +	unsigned long oas;
> +	unsigned long asid_bits;
> +
> +	u32 feat_mask = ARM_SMMU_FEAT_BTM | ARM_SMMU_FEAT_COHERENCY;

Aha -- here's the coherency check I missed!

> +
> +	if ((smmu->features & feat_mask) != feat_mask)
> +		return false;
> +
> +	if (!(smmu->pgsize_bitmap & PAGE_SIZE))
> +		return false;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Get the smallest PA size of all CPUs (sanitized by cpufeature). We're
> +	 * not even pretending to support AArch32 here.
> +	 */
> +	reg = read_sanitised_ftr_reg(SYS_ID_AA64MMFR0_EL1);
> +	fld = cpuid_feature_extract_unsigned_field(reg, ID_AA64MMFR0_PARANGE_SHIFT);
> +	switch (fld) {
> +	case 0x0:
> +		oas = 32;
> +		break;
> +	case 0x1:
> +		oas = 36;
> +		break;
> +	case 0x2:
> +		oas = 40;
> +		break;
> +	case 0x3:
> +		oas = 42;
> +		break;
> +	case 0x4:
> +		oas = 44;
> +		break;
> +	case 0x5:
> +		oas = 48;
> +		break;
> +	case 0x6:

We can use ID_AA64MMFR0_PARANGE_xx constants instead of the hardcoded hex
numbers here.

With that:

Acked-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

Will
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3
  2020-05-21 10:35 ` [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Will Deacon
@ 2020-05-21 14:17   ` Will Deacon
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Will Deacon @ 2020-05-21 14:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jean-Philippe Brucker
  Cc: devicetree, kevin.tian, catalin.marinas, fenghua.yu, linux-pci,
	christian.koenig, hch, jgg, iommu, zhangfei.gao, felix.kuehling,
	robin.murphy, linux-mm, linux-arm-kernel

On Thu, May 21, 2020 at 11:35:14AM +0100, Will Deacon wrote:
> On Tue, May 19, 2020 at 07:54:38PM +0200, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> > Shared Virtual Addressing (SVA) allows to share process page tables with
> > devices using the IOMMU, PASIDs and I/O page faults. Add SVA support to
> > the Arm SMMUv3 driver.
> > 
> > Since v6 [1]:
> > * Rename ioasid_free() to ioasid_put() in patch 02, requiring changes to
> >   the Intel drivers.
> > * Use mmu_notifier_register() in patch 16 to avoid copying the ops and
> >   simplify the invalidate() notifier in patch 17.
> > * As a result, replace context spinlock with a mutex. Simplified locking in
> >   patch 11 (That patch still looks awful, but I think the series is more
> >   readable overall). And I've finally been able to remove the GFP_ATOMIC
> >   allocations.
> > * Use a single patch (04) for io-pgfault.c, since the code was simplified
> >   in v6. Fixed partial list in patch 04.
> 
> There's an awful lot here and it stretches across quite a few subsystems,
> with different git trees. What's the plan for merging it?
> 
> I'm happy to take some of the arm64 and smmu changes for 5.8, then perhaps
> we can review what's left and target 5.9? It would also be helpful to split
> that up into separate series where there aren't strong dependencies, I
> think.

Hmm, so the way the series is structured makes it quite difficult to apply
much of this at all :(

I've taken patch 5 into the arm64 tree and patch 8 into the smmu tree. I'll
leave a couple of Acks on some of the simpler patches, but I think this
really needs splitting up a bit to make it more manageable.

I also notice a bunch of TODOs that get introduced and then removed. Given
that the series needs to be bisectable, these shouldn't be needed and can
just be removed.

Thanks,

Will
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v7 13/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Enable broadcast TLB maintenance
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 13/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Enable broadcast TLB maintenance Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2020-05-21 14:17   ` Will Deacon
  2020-05-21 14:38     ` Marc Zyngier
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Will Deacon @ 2020-05-21 14:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jean-Philippe Brucker
  Cc: devicetree, kevin.tian, maz, jgg, linux-pci, fenghua.yu, hch,
	linux-mm, iommu, zhangfei.gao, catalin.marinas, felix.kuehling,
	robin.murphy, christian.koenig, linux-arm-kernel

[+Marc]

On Tue, May 19, 2020 at 07:54:51PM +0200, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> The SMMUv3 can handle invalidation targeted at TLB entries with shared
> ASIDs. If the implementation supports broadcast TLB maintenance, enable it
> and keep track of it in a feature bit. The SMMU will then be affected by
> inner-shareable TLB invalidations from other agents.
> 
> A major side-effect of this change is that stage-2 translation contexts
> are now affected by all invalidations by VMID. VMIDs are all shared and
> the only ways to prevent over-invalidation, since the stage-2 page tables
> are not shared between CPU and SMMU, are to either disable BTM or allocate
> different VMIDs. This patch does not address the problem.

This sounds like a potential performance issue, particularly as we expose
stage-2 contexts via VFIO directly. Maybe we could reserve some portion of
VMID space for the SMMU? Marc, what do you reckon?

Will
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v7 13/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Enable broadcast TLB maintenance
  2020-05-21 14:17   ` Will Deacon
@ 2020-05-21 14:38     ` Marc Zyngier
  2020-05-22 10:17       ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Marc Zyngier @ 2020-05-21 14:38 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Will Deacon
  Cc: Jean-Philippe Brucker, kevin.tian, devicetree, jgg, linux-pci,
	fenghua.yu, hch, linux-mm, iommu, zhangfei.gao, catalin.marinas,
	felix.kuehling, robin.murphy, christian.koenig, linux-arm-kernel

On 2020-05-21 15:17, Will Deacon wrote:
> [+Marc]
> 
> On Tue, May 19, 2020 at 07:54:51PM +0200, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
>> The SMMUv3 can handle invalidation targeted at TLB entries with shared
>> ASIDs. If the implementation supports broadcast TLB maintenance, 
>> enable it
>> and keep track of it in a feature bit. The SMMU will then be affected 
>> by
>> inner-shareable TLB invalidations from other agents.
>> 
>> A major side-effect of this change is that stage-2 translation 
>> contexts
>> are now affected by all invalidations by VMID. VMIDs are all shared 
>> and
>> the only ways to prevent over-invalidation, since the stage-2 page 
>> tables
>> are not shared between CPU and SMMU, are to either disable BTM or 
>> allocate
>> different VMIDs. This patch does not address the problem.
> 
> This sounds like a potential performance issue, particularly as we 
> expose
> stage-2 contexts via VFIO directly. Maybe we could reserve some portion 
> of
> VMID space for the SMMU? Marc, what do you reckon?

Certainly doable when we have 16bits VMIDs. With smaller VMID spaces 
(like on
v8.0), this is a bit more difficult (we do have pretty large v8.0 
systems
around). How many VMID bits are we talking about?

         M.
-- 
Jazz is not dead. It just smells funny...
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v7 13/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Enable broadcast TLB maintenance
  2020-05-21 14:38     ` Marc Zyngier
@ 2020-05-22 10:17       ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-22 10:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Marc Zyngier
  Cc: devicetree, kevin.tian, jgg, linux-pci, robin.murphy, fenghua.yu,
	hch, linux-mm, iommu, zhangfei.gao, catalin.marinas,
	felix.kuehling, Will Deacon, christian.koenig, linux-arm-kernel

[+Eric]

On Thu, May 21, 2020 at 03:38:35PM +0100, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> On 2020-05-21 15:17, Will Deacon wrote:
> > [+Marc]
> > 
> > On Tue, May 19, 2020 at 07:54:51PM +0200, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> > > The SMMUv3 can handle invalidation targeted at TLB entries with shared
> > > ASIDs. If the implementation supports broadcast TLB maintenance,
> > > enable it
> > > and keep track of it in a feature bit. The SMMU will then be
> > > affected by
> > > inner-shareable TLB invalidations from other agents.
> > > 
> > > A major side-effect of this change is that stage-2 translation
> > > contexts
> > > are now affected by all invalidations by VMID. VMIDs are all shared
> > > and
> > > the only ways to prevent over-invalidation, since the stage-2 page
> > > tables
> > > are not shared between CPU and SMMU, are to either disable BTM or
> > > allocate
> > > different VMIDs. This patch does not address the problem.
> > 
> > This sounds like a potential performance issue, particularly as we
> > expose
> > stage-2 contexts via VFIO directly.

Yes it's certainly going to affect SMMU performance, though I haven't
measured it. QEMU and kvmtool currently use stage-1 translations instead
of stage-2, so it won't be a problem until they start using nested
translation (and unless the SMMU only supports stage-2).

In the coming month I'd like to have a look at coordinating VMID
allocation between KVM and SMMU, for guest SVA. If the guest wants to
share page tables with the SMMU, the SMMU has to use the same VMIDs as the
VM to receive broadcast TLBI.

Similarly to patch 06 ("arm64: mm: Pin down ASIDs for sharing mm with
devices") the SMMU would request a VMID allocated by KVM, when setting up
a nesting VFIO container. One major downside is that the VMID is pinned
and cannot be recycled on rollover while it's being used for DMA.

I wonder if we could use this even when page tables aren't shared between
CPU and SMMU, to avoid splitting the VMID space.

> > Maybe we could reserve some portion
> > of
> > VMID space for the SMMU? Marc, what do you reckon?
> 
> Certainly doable when we have 16bits VMIDs. With smaller VMID spaces (like
> on
> v8.0), this is a bit more difficult (we do have pretty large v8.0 systems
> around).

It's only an issue if those systems have an SMMUv3 supporting DVM. With
any luck that doesn't exist?

> How many VMID bits are we talking about?

That's anyone's guess... One passed-through device per VM would halve the
VMID space. But the SMMU allocates one VMID for each device assigned to a
guest, not one per VM (well one per domain, or VFIO container, but I think
it boils down to one per device with QEMU). So with SR-IOV for example it
should be pretty easy to reach 256 VMIDs in the SMMU.

Thanks,
Jean
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v7 18/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for Hardware Translation Table Update
  2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 18/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for Hardware Translation Table Update Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2020-05-21 11:12   ` Will Deacon
@ 2020-05-27  3:00   ` Xiang Zheng
  2020-05-27  8:41     ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Xiang Zheng @ 2020-05-27  3:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jean-Philippe Brucker, iommu, devicetree, linux-arm-kernel,
	linux-pci, linux-mm
  Cc: fenghua.yu, kevin.tian, will, catalin.marinas, christian.koenig,
	hch, jgg, Wang Haibin, zhangfei.gao, robin.murphy,
	felix.kuehling

Hi Jean,

This patch only enables HTTU bits in CDs. Is it also neccessary to enable
HTTU bits in STEs in this patch?

On 2020/5/20 1:54, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> If the SMMU supports it and the kernel was built with HTTU support,
> enable hardware update of access and dirty flags. This is essential for
> shared page tables, to reduce the number of access faults on the fault
> queue. Normal DMA with io-pgtables doesn't currently use the access or
> dirty flags.
> 
> We can enable HTTU even if CPUs don't support it, because the kernel
> always checks for HW dirty bit and updates the PTE flags atomically.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
> ---
>  drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 24 +++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  1 file changed, 23 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
> index 1386d4d2bc60..6a368218f54c 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
> @@ -58,6 +58,8 @@
>  #define IDR0_ASID16			(1 << 12)
>  #define IDR0_ATS			(1 << 10)
>  #define IDR0_HYP			(1 << 9)
> +#define IDR0_HD				(1 << 7)
> +#define IDR0_HA				(1 << 6)
>  #define IDR0_BTM			(1 << 5)
>  #define IDR0_COHACC			(1 << 4)
>  #define IDR0_TTF			GENMASK(3, 2)
> @@ -311,6 +313,9 @@
>  #define CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_IPS		GENMASK_ULL(34, 32)
>  #define CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_TBI0		(1ULL << 38)
>  
> +#define CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_HA		(1UL << 43)
> +#define CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_HD		(1UL << 42)
> +

>  #define CTXDESC_CD_0_AA64		(1UL << 41)
>  #define CTXDESC_CD_0_S			(1UL << 44)
>  #define CTXDESC_CD_0_R			(1UL << 45)
> @@ -663,6 +668,8 @@ struct arm_smmu_device {
>  #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_E2H		(1 << 16)
>  #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_BTM		(1 << 17)
>  #define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_SVA		(1 << 18)
> +#define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_HA		(1 << 19)
> +#define ARM_SMMU_FEAT_HD		(1 << 20)
>  	u32				features;
>  
>  #define ARM_SMMU_OPT_SKIP_PREFETCH	(1 << 0)
> @@ -1718,10 +1725,17 @@ static int arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
>  		 * this substream's traffic
>  		 */
>  	} else { /* (1) and (2) */
> +		u64 tcr = cd->tcr;
> +
>  		cdptr[1] = cpu_to_le64(cd->ttbr & CTXDESC_CD_1_TTB0_MASK);
>  		cdptr[2] = 0;
>  		cdptr[3] = cpu_to_le64(cd->mair);
>  
> +		if (!(smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_HD))
> +			tcr &= ~CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_HD;
> +		if (!(smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_HA))
> +			tcr &= ~CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_HA;
> +
>  		/*
>  		 * STE is live, and the SMMU might read dwords of this CD in any
>  		 * order. Ensure that it observes valid values before reading
> @@ -1729,7 +1743,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
>  		 */
>  		arm_smmu_sync_cd(smmu_domain, ssid, true);
>  
> -		val = cd->tcr |
> +		val = tcr |
>  #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
>  			CTXDESC_CD_0_ENDI |
>  #endif
> @@ -1958,10 +1972,12 @@ static struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *arm_smmu_alloc_shared_cd(struct mm_struct *mm)
>  		return old_cd;
>  	}
>  
> +	/* HA and HD will be filtered out later if not supported by the SMMU */
>  	tcr = FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_T0SZ, 64ULL - VA_BITS) |
>  	      FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_IRGN0, ARM_LPAE_TCR_RGN_WBWA) |
>  	      FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_ORGN0, ARM_LPAE_TCR_RGN_WBWA) |
>  	      FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_SH0, ARM_LPAE_TCR_SH_IS) |
> +	      CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_HA | CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_HD |
>  	      CTXDESC_CD_0_TCR_EPD1 | CTXDESC_CD_0_AA64;
>  
>  	switch (PAGE_SIZE) {
> @@ -4454,6 +4470,12 @@ static int arm_smmu_device_hw_probe(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
>  			smmu->features |= ARM_SMMU_FEAT_E2H;
>  	}
>  
> +	if (reg & (IDR0_HA | IDR0_HD)) {

> +		smmu->features |= ARM_SMMU_FEAT_HA;
> +		if (reg & IDR0_HD)
> +			smmu->features |= ARM_SMMU_FEAT_HD;
> +	}
> +

>  	/*
>  	 * If the CPU is using VHE, but the SMMU doesn't support it, the SMMU
>  	 * will create TLB entries for NH-EL1 world and will miss the
> 

-- 
Thanks,
Xiang

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v7 18/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for Hardware Translation Table Update
  2020-05-27  3:00   ` Xiang Zheng
@ 2020-05-27  8:41     ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2020-05-27  8:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Xiang Zheng
  Cc: devicetree, kevin.tian, will, fenghua.yu, jgg, linux-pci,
	christian.koenig, hch, linux-mm, iommu, Wang Haibin,
	catalin.marinas, zhangfei.gao, robin.murphy, felix.kuehling,
	linux-arm-kernel

On Wed, May 27, 2020 at 11:00:29AM +0800, Xiang Zheng wrote:
> Hi Jean,
> 
> This patch only enables HTTU bits in CDs. Is it also neccessary to enable
> HTTU bits in STEs in this patch?

Only if you need HTTU for stage-2 tables. This series is only about
sharing stage-1 page tables, for which HTTU is enabled in the CD. I'll add
a statement in the commit message.

Thanks,
Jean

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 39+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2020-05-19 17:54 [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 01/24] mm: Add a PASID field to mm_struct Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 02/24] iommu/ioasid: Add ioasid references Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-20  2:31   ` Lu Baolu
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 03/24] iommu/sva: Add PASID helpers Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-20  2:41   ` Lu Baolu
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 04/24] iommu: Add a page fault handler Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-20  6:42   ` Lu Baolu
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 05/24] arm64: mm: Add asid_gen_match() helper Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 06/24] arm64: mm: Pin down ASIDs for sharing mm with devices Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 07/24] iommu/io-pgtable-arm: Move some definitions to a header Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-21 14:16   ` Will Deacon
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 08/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Manage ASIDs with xarray Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 09/24] arm64: cpufeature: Export symbol read_sanitised_ftr_reg() Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 10/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Share process page tables Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 11/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Seize private ASID Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 12/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for VHE Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-21 14:16   ` Will Deacon
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 13/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Enable broadcast TLB maintenance Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-21 14:17   ` Will Deacon
2020-05-21 14:38     ` Marc Zyngier
2020-05-22 10:17       ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 14/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add SVA feature checking Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-21 14:17   ` Will Deacon
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 15/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add SVA device feature Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 16/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Implement iommu_sva_bind/unbind() Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 17/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Hook up ATC invalidation to mm ops Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 18/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for Hardware Translation Table Update Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-21 11:12   ` Will Deacon
2020-05-27  3:00   ` Xiang Zheng
2020-05-27  8:41     ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 19/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Maintain a SID->device structure Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 20/24] dt-bindings: document stall property for IOMMU masters Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:54 ` [PATCH v7 21/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add stall support for platform devices Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:55 ` [PATCH v7 22/24] PCI/ATS: Add PRI stubs Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:55 ` [PATCH v7 23/24] PCI/ATS: Export PRI functions Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-19 17:55 ` [PATCH v7 24/24] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for PRI Jean-Philippe Brucker
2020-05-21 10:35 ` [PATCH v7 00/24] iommu: Shared Virtual Addressing for SMMUv3 Will Deacon
2020-05-21 14:17   ` Will Deacon

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