Linux-kselftest Archive on lore.kernel.org
 help / color / Atom feed
From: Cristian Marussi <cristian.marussi@arm.com>
To: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
Cc: linux-kselftest@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org, shuah@kernel.org,
	amit.kachhap@arm.com, andreyknvl@google.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v5 06/11] kselftest: arm64: fake_sigreturn_bad_magic
Date: Mon, 9 Sep 2019 18:31:28 +0100
Message-ID: <44186921-7dc7-451d-2d04-6424a4725ccb@arm.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190904114845.GW27757@arm.com>

Hi

On 04/09/2019 12:48, Dave Martin wrote:
> On Mon, Sep 02, 2019 at 12:29:27pm +0100, Cristian Marussi wrote:
>> Add a simple fake_sigreturn testcase which builds a ucontext_t with a bad
>> magic header and place it onto the stack. Expects a SIGSEGV on test PASS.
>>
>> Introduce a common utility assembly trampoline function to invoke a
>> sigreturn while placing the provided sigframe at wanted alignment and
>> also an helper to make space when needed inside the sigframe reserved
>> area.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Cristian Marussi <cristian.marussi@arm.com>
>> ---
>> v3 --> v4
>> - fix commit
>> - fix signal.S, handle misalign requests too
>> - remove unneeded comments
>> - add signal.h include
>> - added get_starting_head() helper
>> - added test description
>> ---
>>  tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/Makefile |  2 +-
>>  .../testing/selftests/arm64/signal/signals.S  | 62 +++++++++++++++++++
>>  .../arm64/signal/test_signals_utils.h         |  1 +
>>  .../testcases/fake_sigreturn_bad_magic.c      | 54 ++++++++++++++++
>>  .../arm64/signal/testcases/testcases.c        | 28 +++++++++
>>  .../arm64/signal/testcases/testcases.h        |  4 ++
>>  6 files changed, 150 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>  create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/signals.S
>>  create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/testcases/fake_sigreturn_bad_magic.c
>>
>> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/Makefile
>> index f78f5190e3d4..b497cfea4643 100644
>> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/Makefile
>> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/Makefile
>> @@ -28,5 +28,5 @@ clean:
>>  # Common test-unit targets to build common-layout test-cases executables
>>  # Needs secondary expansion to properly include the testcase c-file in pre-reqs
>>  .SECONDEXPANSION:
>> -$(PROGS): test_signals.c test_signals_utils.c testcases/testcases.c $$@.c test_signals.h test_signals_utils.h testcases/testcases.h
>> +$(PROGS): test_signals.c test_signals_utils.c testcases/testcases.c signals.S $$@.c test_signals.h test_signals_utils.h testcases/testcases.h
>>  	$(CC) $(CFLAGS) $^ -o $@
>> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/signals.S b/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/signals.S
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..b89fec0d5ba0
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/signals.S
>> @@ -0,0 +1,62 @@
>> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
>> +/* Copyright (C) 2019 ARM Limited */
>> +
>> +#include <asm/unistd.h>
>> +
>> +.section        .rodata, "a"
>> +call_fmt:
>> +	.asciz "Calling sigreturn with fake sigframe sized:%zd at SP @%08lX\n"
>> +
>> +.text
>> +
>> +.globl fake_sigreturn
>> +
>> +/*	fake_sigreturn	x0:&sigframe,  x1:sigframe_size,  x2:misalign_bytes */
>> +fake_sigreturn:
> 
> Nit: the "bl printf" later on destroys lr.
> 
> This isn't a problem, since the function never tries to return anyway --
> if things go wrong you just "b .".
> 
> But it may be helpful for debug purposes to at least create a frame
> record, e.g.:
> 
> 	stp	x29, x30, [sp, #-16]!
> 	mov	x29, sp
> 
> before doing anything else.
> 
ok

>> +	mov x20, x0
>> +	mov x21, x1
>> +	mov x22, x2
>> +	mov x23, sp
> 
> Nit: to follow the conventional asm style for arm64 kernel code, can you
> format lines as
> 
> <TAB>	op<TAB>	operands
> 
ok

>> +
>> +	/* create space on the stack for fake sigframe 16 bytes-aligned */
>> +	add x0, x21, #16
>> +	bic x0, x0, #15
>> +	sub x23, x23, x0
>> +	/* any misalignment requested ? */
>> +	add x23, x23, x22
> 
> Aren't we actually reducing the allocation here, rather than increasing it?
> 
For the misalignment bytes if any yes...

> Doing something like this may work to allocate guaranteed sufficient
> space:
> 
> 	add	x0, x21, x22
> 	add	x0, x0, #15
> 	bic	x0, x0, #15 /* round_up(sigframe_size + misglian_bytes, 16) */
> 	sub	sp, sp, x0
> 	add	x23, sp, x22 /* new sigframe base with misaligment */
> 
> (You can drop the mov into x23 above in your function prologue if you
> code it this way.)
> 
ok...but...shouldn't be 

add x0, x0, #16

before 

bic x-, x0, #15

instead of adding #15 ?

>> +
>> +	ldr x0, =call_fmt
>> +	mov x1, x21
>> +	mov x2, x23
>> +	bl printf
>> +
>> +	mov sp, x23
> 
> AAPCS64 requires sp to be 16-byte aligned at function boundaries, so 
> we may get stack alignments faults in mempcy() here.  Possibly these
> can be confused with test failure SEGVs (I can't remember offhand how
> stack alignment faults are supported).
> 
Didn't know about function boundaries requirements.

> Coding something like what I have above to guarantee stack alignment
> should avoid this.
> 

Nice I'll do.

>> +	/* now fill it with the provided content... */
>> +	mov x0, sp
> 
> With my version this would be mov x0, x23
> 
ok

>> +	mov x1, x20
>> +	mov x2, x21
>> +	bl memcpy
>> +
>> +	/*
>> +	 * Here saving a last minute SP to current->token acts as a marker:
>> +	 * if we got here, we are successfully faking a sigreturn; in other
>> +	 * words we are sure no bad fatal signal has been raised till now
>> +	 * for unrelated reasons, so we should consider the possibly observed
>> +	 * fatal signal like SEGV coming from Kernel restore_sigframe() and
>> +	 * triggered as expected from our test-case.
>> +	 * For simplicity this assumes that current field 'token' is laid out
>> +	 * as first in struct tdescr
>> +	 */
>> +	ldr x0, current
> 
> Nit: it probably doesn't matter since this will be a small binary
> after linking, but to avoid possible fixup errors during linking you
> could also do:
> 
> 	adrp	x0, current
> 	ldr	x0, [x0, #:lo12:current]
> 
> This raises the addressing range from 0.5 MB or so to a few GB, making
> link errors much more unlikely.
> 
Ok...I'll fix this nitpick once I'll have understood it :D

>> +	str x23, [x0]
>> +	/* SP is already pointing back to the just built fake sigframe here */
>> +	mov x8, #__NR_rt_sigreturn
> 
> And finally we would mov sp, x23 here.
> 
Yes

>> +	svc #0
>> +
>> +	/*
>> +	 * Above sigreturn should not return...looping here leads to a timeout
>> +	 * and ensure proper and clean test failure, instead of jumping around
>> +	 * on a potentially corrupted stack.
>> +	 */
>> +	b .
>> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/test_signals_utils.h b/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/test_signals_utils.h
>> index ce35be8ebc8e..68930f1e46e5 100644
>> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/test_signals_utils.h
>> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/test_signals_utils.h
>> @@ -12,4 +12,5 @@ int test_run(struct tdescr *td);
>>  void test_result(struct tdescr *td);
>>  
>>  bool get_current_context(struct tdescr *td, ucontext_t *dest_uc);
>> +int fake_sigreturn(void *sigframe, size_t sz, int misalign_bytes);
>>  #endif
>> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/testcases/fake_sigreturn_bad_magic.c b/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/testcases/fake_sigreturn_bad_magic.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..7fb700b9801b
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/testcases/fake_sigreturn_bad_magic.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,54 @@
>> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>> +/*
>> + * Copyright (C) 2019 ARM Limited
>> + *
>> + * Place a fake sigframe on the stack including a BAD Unknown magic
>> + * record: on sigreturn Kernel must spot this attempt and the test
>> + * case is expected to be terminated via SEGV.
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <signal.h>
>> +#include <ucontext.h>
>> +
>> +#include "test_signals_utils.h"
>> +#include "testcases.h"
>> +
>> +struct fake_sigframe sf;
>> +
>> +static int fake_sigreturn_bad_magic_run(struct tdescr *td,
>> +					siginfo_t *si, ucontext_t *uc)
>> +{
>> +	size_t resv_sz, need_sz;
>> +	struct _aarch64_ctx *shead = GET_SF_RESV_HEAD(sf), *head;
>> +
>> +	/* just to fill the ucontext_t with something real */
>> +	if (!get_current_context(td, &sf.uc))
>> +		return 1;
>> +
>> +	resv_sz = GET_SF_RESV_SIZE(sf);
>> +	/* need at least 2*HDR_SZ space: KSFT_BAD_MAGIC + terminator. */
>> +	need_sz = HDR_SZ * 2;
>> +	head = get_starting_head(shead, need_sz, resv_sz, NULL);
> 
> Nit: are the need_sz and resv_sz variables required?
> 
> Maybe they help to highlight what these expressions mean in the
> get_starting_head() call though.  I'm happy either way.

Not really required...I'll remove. (probably in other tests were and they
landed here too...)

> 
>> +	if (head) {
>> +		/*
>> +		 * use a well known NON existent bad magic...something
>> +		 * we should pretty sure won't be ever defined in Kernel
>> +		 */
>> +		head->magic = KSFT_BAD_MAGIC;
>> +		head->size = HDR_SZ;
>> +		write_terminator_record(GET_RESV_NEXT_HEAD(head));
>> +
>> +		ASSERT_BAD_CONTEXT(&sf.uc);
>> +		fake_sigreturn(&sf, sizeof(sf), 0);
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	return 1;
>> +}
>> +
>> +struct tdescr tde = {
>> +		.name = "FAKE_SIGRETURN_BAD_MAGIC",
>> +		.descr = "Trigger a sigreturn with a sigframe with a bad magic",
>> +		.sig_ok = SIGSEGV,
>> +		.timeout = 3,
>> +		.run = fake_sigreturn_bad_magic_run,
>> +};
>> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/testcases/testcases.c b/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/testcases/testcases.c
>> index 72e3f482b177..2effb8ded935 100644
>> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/testcases/testcases.c
>> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/testcases/testcases.c
>> @@ -149,3 +149,31 @@ bool validate_reserved(ucontext_t *uc, size_t resv_sz, char **err)
>>  
>>  	return true;
>>  }
>> +
> 
> Maybe add a comment saying what this function does.
> 
> To check my understanding:
> The purpose is to find a place to append a new record, right?
> By default we append at the end (i.e., at the terminator), but
> because extra_context is optional we replace that instead if
> there isn't sufficient space after the terminator in __reserved[].
> 

Yes I'll add a comment.

>> +struct _aarch64_ctx *get_starting_head(struct _aarch64_ctx *shead,
>> +				       size_t need_sz, size_t resv_sz,
>> +				       size_t *offset)
>> +{
>> +	size_t offs = 0;
>> +	struct _aarch64_ctx *head;
>> +
>> +	head = get_terminator(shead, resv_sz, &offs);
>> +	/* not found a terminator...no need to update offset if any */
>> +	if (!head)
>> +		return head;
>> +	if (resv_sz - offs < need_sz) {
>> +		fprintf(stderr, "Low on space:%zd. Discarding extra_context.\n",
>> +			resv_sz - offs);
>> +		head = get_header(shead, EXTRA_MAGIC, resv_sz, &offs);
>> +		if (!head || resv_sz - offs < need_sz) {
>> +			fprintf(stderr,
>> +				"Failed to reclaim space on sigframe.\n");
>> +			return NULL;
>> +		}
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	fprintf(stderr, "Available space:%zd\n", resv_sz - offs);
>> +	if (offset)
>> +		*offset = offs;
>> +	return head;
>> +}
>> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/testcases/testcases.h b/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/testcases/testcases.h
>> index 00618c3202bb..7653f8a64b3d 100644
>> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/testcases/testcases.h
>> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/arm64/signal/testcases/testcases.h
>> @@ -83,4 +83,8 @@ static inline void write_terminator_record(struct _aarch64_ctx *tail)
>>  		tail->size = 0;
>>  	}
>>  }
>> +
>> +struct _aarch64_ctx *get_starting_head(struct _aarch64_ctx *shead,
>> +				       size_t need_sz, size_t resv_sz,
>> +				       size_t *offset);
>>  #endif
> 
> Apart from the comments above, this looks reasonable.
> 
> Cheers
> ---Dave
> 

Cheers

Cristian

  reply index

Thread overview: 46+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-09-02 11:29 [PATCH v5 00/11] Add arm64/signal initial kselftest support Cristian Marussi
2019-09-02 11:29 ` [PATCH v5 01/11] kselftest: arm64: add skeleton Makefile Cristian Marussi
2019-09-03  9:26   ` Amit Kachhap
2019-09-03  9:45     ` Cristian Marussi
2019-09-05 17:57     ` Cristian Marussi
2019-09-09 12:42       ` Amit Kachhap
2019-09-16 11:41         ` Dave Martin
2019-09-04 11:47   ` Dave Martin
2019-09-05 13:45     ` Cristian Marussi
2019-09-05 14:18       ` Dave Martin
2019-09-02 11:29 ` [PATCH v5 02/11] kselftest: arm64: add common utils and one testcase Cristian Marussi
2019-09-04 11:47   ` Dave Martin
2019-09-06 10:26     ` Cristian Marussi
2019-09-16 11:40       ` Dave Martin
2019-09-02 11:29 ` [PATCH v5 03/11] kselftest: arm64: mangle_pstate_invalid_daif_bits Cristian Marussi
2019-09-04 11:48   ` Dave Martin
2019-09-02 11:29 ` [PATCH v5 04/11] kselftest: arm64: mangle_pstate_invalid_mode_el[123][ht] Cristian Marussi
2019-09-04 11:48   ` Dave Martin
2019-09-02 11:29 ` [PATCH v5 05/11] kselftest: arm64: mangle_pstate_ssbs_regs Cristian Marussi
2019-09-04 11:48   ` Dave Martin
2019-09-09 15:51     ` Cristian Marussi
2019-09-02 11:29 ` [PATCH v5 06/11] kselftest: arm64: fake_sigreturn_bad_magic Cristian Marussi
2019-09-04 11:48   ` Dave Martin
2019-09-09 17:31     ` Cristian Marussi [this message]
2019-09-02 11:29 ` [PATCH v5 07/11] kselftest: arm64: fake_sigreturn_bad_size_for_magic0 Cristian Marussi
2019-09-04 11:49   ` Dave Martin
2019-09-09 17:47     ` Cristian Marussi
2019-09-02 11:29 ` [PATCH v5 08/11] kselftest: arm64: fake_sigreturn_missing_fpsimd Cristian Marussi
2019-09-04 11:49   ` Dave Martin
2019-09-09 17:51     ` Cristian Marussi
2019-09-02 11:29 ` [PATCH v5 09/11] kselftest: arm64: fake_sigreturn_duplicated_fpsimd Cristian Marussi
2019-09-04 11:49   ` Dave Martin
2019-09-05 12:15     ` Cristian Marussi
2019-09-05 12:39       ` Dave Martin
2019-09-05 13:32         ` Cristian Marussi
2019-09-05 14:20           ` Dave Martin
2019-09-09 18:03     ` Cristian Marussi
2019-09-02 11:29 ` [PATCH v5 10/11] kselftest: arm64: fake_sigreturn_bad_size Cristian Marussi
2019-09-04 11:49   ` Dave Martin
2019-09-09 18:11     ` Cristian Marussi
2019-09-02 11:29 ` [PATCH v5 11/11] kselftest: arm64: fake_sigreturn_misaligned_sp Cristian Marussi
2019-09-04 11:49   ` Dave Martin
2019-09-09 18:32     ` Cristian Marussi
2019-09-04 11:47 ` [PATCH v5 00/11] Add arm64/signal initial kselftest support Dave Martin
2019-09-10 12:25   ` Cristian Marussi
2019-09-16 12:14     ` Dave Martin

Reply instructions:

You may reply publically to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=44186921-7dc7-451d-2d04-6424a4725ccb@arm.com \
    --to=cristian.marussi@arm.com \
    --cc=Dave.Martin@arm.com \
    --cc=amit.kachhap@arm.com \
    --cc=andreyknvl@google.com \
    --cc=linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org \
    --cc=linux-kselftest@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=shuah@kernel.org \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

Linux-kselftest Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/linux-kselftest/0 linux-kselftest/git/0.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 linux-kselftest linux-kselftest/ https://lore.kernel.org/linux-kselftest \
		linux-kselftest@vger.kernel.org linux-kselftest@archiver.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index linux-kselftest

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kernel.vger.linux-kselftest


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/ public-inbox