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* [patch 024/158] mm: drop mmap_sem before calling balance_dirty_pages() in write fault
@ 2019-12-01  1:50 akpm
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: akpm @ 2019-12-01  1:50 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: akpm, hannes, hdanton, hughd, josef, kirill.shutemov, linux-mm,
	mm-commits, torvalds, willy

From: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Subject: mm: drop mmap_sem before calling balance_dirty_pages() in write fault

One of our services is observing hanging ps/top/etc under heavy write IO,
and the task states show this is an mmap_sem priority inversion:

A write fault is holding the mmap_sem in read-mode and waiting for
(heavily cgroup-limited) IO in balance_dirty_pages():

[<0>] balance_dirty_pages+0x724/0x905
[<0>] balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited+0x254/0x390
[<0>] fault_dirty_shared_page.isra.96+0x4a/0x90
[<0>] do_wp_page+0x33e/0x400
[<0>] __handle_mm_fault+0x6f0/0xfa0
[<0>] handle_mm_fault+0xe4/0x200
[<0>] __do_page_fault+0x22b/0x4a0
[<0>] page_fault+0x45/0x50
[<0>] 0xffffffffffffffff

Somebody tries to change the address space, contending for the mmap_sem in
write-mode:

[<0>] call_rwsem_down_write_failed_killable+0x13/0x20
[<0>] do_mprotect_pkey+0xa8/0x330
[<0>] SyS_mprotect+0xf/0x20
[<0>] do_syscall_64+0x5b/0x100
[<0>] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x3d/0xa2
[<0>] 0xffffffffffffffff

The waiting writer locks out all subsequent readers to avoid lock
starvation, and several threads can be seen hanging like this:

[<0>] call_rwsem_down_read_failed+0x14/0x30
[<0>] proc_pid_cmdline_read+0xa0/0x480
[<0>] __vfs_read+0x23/0x140
[<0>] vfs_read+0x87/0x130
[<0>] SyS_read+0x42/0x90
[<0>] do_syscall_64+0x5b/0x100
[<0>] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x3d/0xa2
[<0>] 0xffffffffffffffff

To fix this, do what we do for cache read faults already: drop the
mmap_sem before calling into anything IO bound, in this case the
balance_dirty_pages() function, and return VM_FAULT_RETRY.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190924194238.GA29030@cmpxchg.org
Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: Matthew Wilcox (Oracle) <willy@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Josef Bacik <josef@toxicpanda.com>
Cc: Hillf Danton <hdanton@sina.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

 mm/filemap.c  |   21 ---------------------
 mm/internal.h |   21 +++++++++++++++++++++
 mm/memory.c   |   38 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 3 files changed, 48 insertions(+), 32 deletions(-)

--- a/mm/filemap.c~mm-drop-mmap_sem-before-calling-balance_dirty_pages-in-write-fault
+++ a/mm/filemap.c
@@ -2329,27 +2329,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_read_iter);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
 #define MMAP_LOTSAMISS  (100)
-static struct file *maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(struct vm_fault *vmf,
-					     struct file *fpin)
-{
-	int flags = vmf->flags;
-
-	if (fpin)
-		return fpin;
-
-	/*
-	 * FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT means we don't want to wait on page locks or
-	 * anything, so we only pin the file and drop the mmap_sem if only
-	 * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY is set.
-	 */
-	if ((flags & (FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)) ==
-	    FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) {
-		fpin = get_file(vmf->vma->vm_file);
-		up_read(&vmf->vma->vm_mm->mmap_sem);
-	}
-	return fpin;
-}
-
 /*
  * lock_page_maybe_drop_mmap - lock the page, possibly dropping the mmap_sem
  * @vmf - the vm_fault for this fault.
--- a/mm/internal.h~mm-drop-mmap_sem-before-calling-balance_dirty_pages-in-write-fault
+++ a/mm/internal.h
@@ -362,6 +362,27 @@ vma_address(struct page *page, struct vm
 	return max(start, vma->vm_start);
 }
 
+static inline struct file *maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(struct vm_fault *vmf,
+						    struct file *fpin)
+{
+	int flags = vmf->flags;
+
+	if (fpin)
+		return fpin;
+
+	/*
+	 * FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT means we don't want to wait on page locks or
+	 * anything, so we only pin the file and drop the mmap_sem if only
+	 * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY is set.
+	 */
+	if ((flags & (FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)) ==
+	    FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) {
+		fpin = get_file(vmf->vma->vm_file);
+		up_read(&vmf->vma->vm_mm->mmap_sem);
+	}
+	return fpin;
+}
+
 #else /* !CONFIG_MMU */
 static inline void clear_page_mlock(struct page *page) { }
 static inline void mlock_vma_page(struct page *page) { }
--- a/mm/memory.c~mm-drop-mmap_sem-before-calling-balance_dirty_pages-in-write-fault
+++ a/mm/memory.c
@@ -2289,10 +2289,11 @@ static vm_fault_t do_page_mkwrite(struct
  *
  * The function expects the page to be locked and unlocks it.
  */
-static void fault_dirty_shared_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
-				    struct page *page)
+static vm_fault_t fault_dirty_shared_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
 {
+	struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma;
 	struct address_space *mapping;
+	struct page *page = vmf->page;
 	bool dirtied;
 	bool page_mkwrite = vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite;
 
@@ -2307,16 +2308,30 @@ static void fault_dirty_shared_page(stru
 	mapping = page_rmapping(page);
 	unlock_page(page);
 
+	if (!page_mkwrite)
+		file_update_time(vma->vm_file);
+
+	/*
+	 * Throttle page dirtying rate down to writeback speed.
+	 *
+	 * mapping may be NULL here because some device drivers do not
+	 * set page.mapping but still dirty their pages
+	 *
+	 * Drop the mmap_sem before waiting on IO, if we can. The file
+	 * is pinning the mapping, as per above.
+	 */
 	if ((dirtied || page_mkwrite) && mapping) {
-		/*
-		 * Some device drivers do not set page.mapping
-		 * but still dirty their pages
-		 */
+		struct file *fpin;
+
+		fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, NULL);
 		balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping);
+		if (fpin) {
+			fput(fpin);
+			return VM_FAULT_RETRY;
+		}
 	}
 
-	if (!page_mkwrite)
-		file_update_time(vma->vm_file);
+	return 0;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -2571,6 +2586,7 @@ static vm_fault_t wp_page_shared(struct
 	__releases(vmf->ptl)
 {
 	struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma;
+	vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_WRITE;
 
 	get_page(vmf->page);
 
@@ -2594,10 +2610,10 @@ static vm_fault_t wp_page_shared(struct
 		wp_page_reuse(vmf);
 		lock_page(vmf->page);
 	}
-	fault_dirty_shared_page(vma, vmf->page);
+	ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf);
 	put_page(vmf->page);
 
-	return VM_FAULT_WRITE;
+	return ret;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -3641,7 +3657,7 @@ static vm_fault_t do_shared_fault(struct
 		return ret;
 	}
 
-	fault_dirty_shared_page(vma, vmf->page);
+	ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf);
 	return ret;
 }
 
_


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2019-12-01  1:50 [patch 024/158] mm: drop mmap_sem before calling balance_dirty_pages() in write fault akpm

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