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* [patch 059/158] mm: pagewalk: add 'depth' parameter to pte_hole
@ 2019-12-01  1:52 akpm
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: akpm @ 2019-12-01  1:52 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: akpm, alex, aou, ard.biesheuvel, arnd, aryabinin, benh,
	borntraeger, bp, catalin.marinas, dave.hansen, dave.jiang, davem,
	dvyukov, glider, gor, heiko.carstens, hpa, james.morse, jhogan,
	kan.liang, linux-mm, linux, luto, mark.rutland, mawilcox, mingo,
	mm-commits, mpe, n-horiguchi, palmer, paul.burton, paul.walmsley,
	paulus, peterz, ralf, shashim, steven.price, tglx, torvalds,
	vgupta, will, zong.li

From: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
Subject: mm: pagewalk: add 'depth' parameter to pte_hole

The pte_hole() callback is called at multiple levels of the page tables. 
Code dumping the kernel page tables needs to know what at what depth the
missing entry is.  Add this is an extra parameter to pte_hole().  When the
depth isn't know (e.g.  processing a vma) then -1 is passed.

The depth that is reported is the actual level where the entry is missing
(ignoring any folding that is in place), i.e.  any levels where
PTRS_PER_P?D is set to 1 are ignored.

Note that depth starts at 0 for a PGD so that PUD/PMD/PTE retain their
natural numbers as levels 2/3/4.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191028135910.33253-15-steven.price@arm.com
Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
Tested-by: Zong Li <zong.li@sifive.com>
Cc: Albert Ou <aou@eecs.berkeley.edu>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Alexandre Ghiti <alex@ghiti.fr>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: James Hogan <jhogan@kernel.org>
Cc: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
Cc: "Liang, Kan" <kan.liang@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com>
Cc: Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@sifive.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: Shiraz Hashim <shashim@codeaurora.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Vasily Gorbik <gor@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

 fs/proc/task_mmu.c       |    4 ++--
 include/linux/pagewalk.h |    7 +++++--
 mm/hmm.c                 |    8 ++++----
 mm/migrate.c             |    5 +++--
 mm/mincore.c             |    1 +
 mm/pagewalk.c            |   31 +++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 6 files changed, 40 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

--- a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c~mm-pagewalk-add-depth-parameter-to-pte_hole
+++ a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
@@ -505,7 +505,7 @@ static void smaps_account(struct mem_siz
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM
 static int smaps_pte_hole(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
-		struct mm_walk *walk)
+			  __always_unused int depth, struct mm_walk *walk)
 {
 	struct mem_size_stats *mss = walk->private;
 
@@ -1282,7 +1282,7 @@ static int add_to_pagemap(unsigned long
 }
 
 static int pagemap_pte_hole(unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
-				struct mm_walk *walk)
+			    __always_unused int depth, struct mm_walk *walk)
 {
 	struct pagemapread *pm = walk->private;
 	unsigned long addr = start;
--- a/include/linux/pagewalk.h~mm-pagewalk-add-depth-parameter-to-pte_hole
+++ a/include/linux/pagewalk.h
@@ -17,7 +17,10 @@ struct mm_walk;
  *			split_huge_page() instead of handling it explicitly.
  * @pte_entry:		if set, called for each non-empty PTE (lowest-level)
  *			entry
- * @pte_hole:		if set, called for each hole at all levels
+ * @pte_hole:		if set, called for each hole at all levels,
+ *			depth is -1 if not known, 0:PGD, 1:P4D, 2:PUD, 3:PMD
+ *			4:PTE. Any folded depths (where PTRS_PER_P?D is equal
+ *			to 1) are skipped.
  * @hugetlb_entry:	if set, called for each hugetlb entry
  * @test_walk:		caller specific callback function to determine whether
  *			we walk over the current vma or not. Returning 0 means
@@ -48,7 +51,7 @@ struct mm_walk_ops {
 	int (*pte_entry)(pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr,
 			 unsigned long next, struct mm_walk *walk);
 	int (*pte_hole)(unsigned long addr, unsigned long next,
-			struct mm_walk *walk);
+			int depth, struct mm_walk *walk);
 	int (*hugetlb_entry)(pte_t *pte, unsigned long hmask,
 			     unsigned long addr, unsigned long next,
 			     struct mm_walk *walk);
--- a/mm/hmm.c~mm-pagewalk-add-depth-parameter-to-pte_hole
+++ a/mm/hmm.c
@@ -186,7 +186,7 @@ static void hmm_range_need_fault(const s
 }
 
 static int hmm_vma_walk_hole(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
-			     struct mm_walk *walk)
+			     __always_unused int depth, struct mm_walk *walk)
 {
 	struct hmm_vma_walk *hmm_vma_walk = walk->private;
 	struct hmm_range *range = hmm_vma_walk->range;
@@ -380,7 +380,7 @@ static int hmm_vma_walk_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp,
 again:
 	pmd = READ_ONCE(*pmdp);
 	if (pmd_none(pmd))
-		return hmm_vma_walk_hole(start, end, walk);
+		return hmm_vma_walk_hole(start, end, -1, walk);
 
 	if (thp_migration_supported() && is_pmd_migration_entry(pmd)) {
 		bool fault, write_fault;
@@ -482,7 +482,7 @@ static int hmm_vma_walk_pud(pud_t *pudp,
 again:
 	pud = READ_ONCE(*pudp);
 	if (pud_none(pud))
-		return hmm_vma_walk_hole(start, end, walk);
+		return hmm_vma_walk_hole(start, end, -1, walk);
 
 	if (pud_huge(pud) && pud_devmap(pud)) {
 		unsigned long i, npages, pfn;
@@ -490,7 +490,7 @@ again:
 		bool fault, write_fault;
 
 		if (!pud_present(pud))
-			return hmm_vma_walk_hole(start, end, walk);
+			return hmm_vma_walk_hole(start, end, -1, walk);
 
 		i = (addr - range->start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 		npages = (end - addr) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
--- a/mm/migrate.c~mm-pagewalk-add-depth-parameter-to-pte_hole
+++ a/mm/migrate.c
@@ -2123,6 +2123,7 @@ out_unlock:
 #ifdef CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE
 static int migrate_vma_collect_hole(unsigned long start,
 				    unsigned long end,
+				    __always_unused int depth,
 				    struct mm_walk *walk)
 {
 	struct migrate_vma *migrate = walk->private;
@@ -2167,7 +2168,7 @@ static int migrate_vma_collect_pmd(pmd_t
 
 again:
 	if (pmd_none(*pmdp))
-		return migrate_vma_collect_hole(start, end, walk);
+		return migrate_vma_collect_hole(start, end, -1, walk);
 
 	if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmdp)) {
 		struct page *page;
@@ -2200,7 +2201,7 @@ again:
 				return migrate_vma_collect_skip(start, end,
 								walk);
 			if (pmd_none(*pmdp))
-				return migrate_vma_collect_hole(start, end,
+				return migrate_vma_collect_hole(start, end, -1,
 								walk);
 		}
 	}
--- a/mm/mincore.c~mm-pagewalk-add-depth-parameter-to-pte_hole
+++ a/mm/mincore.c
@@ -112,6 +112,7 @@ static int __mincore_unmapped_range(unsi
 }
 
 static int mincore_unmapped_range(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
+				   __always_unused int depth,
 				   struct mm_walk *walk)
 {
 	walk->private += __mincore_unmapped_range(addr, end,
--- a/mm/pagewalk.c~mm-pagewalk-add-depth-parameter-to-pte_hole
+++ a/mm/pagewalk.c
@@ -4,6 +4,22 @@
 #include <linux/sched.h>
 #include <linux/hugetlb.h>
 
+/*
+ * We want to know the real level where a entry is located ignoring any
+ * folding of levels which may be happening. For example if p4d is folded then
+ * a missing entry found at level 1 (p4d) is actually at level 0 (pgd).
+ */
+static int real_depth(int depth)
+{
+	if (depth == 3 && PTRS_PER_PMD == 1)
+		depth = 2;
+	if (depth == 2 && PTRS_PER_PUD == 1)
+		depth = 1;
+	if (depth == 1 && PTRS_PER_P4D == 1)
+		depth = 0;
+	return depth;
+}
+
 static int walk_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
 			  struct mm_walk *walk)
 {
@@ -34,6 +50,7 @@ static int walk_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, un
 	unsigned long next;
 	const struct mm_walk_ops *ops = walk->ops;
 	int err = 0;
+	int depth = real_depth(3);
 
 	if (ops->test_pmd) {
 		err = ops->test_pmd(addr, end, pmd_offset(pud, 0UL), walk);
@@ -49,7 +66,7 @@ again:
 		next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
 		if (pmd_none(*pmd) || (!walk->vma && !walk->no_vma)) {
 			if (ops->pte_hole)
-				err = ops->pte_hole(addr, next, walk);
+				err = ops->pte_hole(addr, next, depth, walk);
 			if (err)
 				break;
 			continue;
@@ -93,6 +110,7 @@ static int walk_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, un
 	unsigned long next;
 	const struct mm_walk_ops *ops = walk->ops;
 	int err = 0;
+	int depth = real_depth(2);
 
 	if (ops->test_pud) {
 		err = ops->test_pud(addr, end, pud_offset(p4d, 0UL), walk);
@@ -108,7 +126,7 @@ static int walk_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, un
 		next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
 		if (pud_none(*pud) || (!walk->vma && !walk->no_vma)) {
 			if (ops->pte_hole)
-				err = ops->pte_hole(addr, next, walk);
+				err = ops->pte_hole(addr, next, depth, walk);
 			if (err)
 				break;
 			continue;
@@ -144,6 +162,7 @@ static int walk_p4d_range(pgd_t *pgd, un
 	unsigned long next;
 	const struct mm_walk_ops *ops = walk->ops;
 	int err = 0;
+	int depth = real_depth(1);
 
 	if (ops->test_p4d) {
 		err = ops->test_p4d(addr, end, p4d_offset(pgd, 0UL), walk);
@@ -158,7 +177,7 @@ static int walk_p4d_range(pgd_t *pgd, un
 		next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end);
 		if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) {
 			if (ops->pte_hole)
-				err = ops->pte_hole(addr, next, walk);
+				err = ops->pte_hole(addr, next, depth, walk);
 			if (err)
 				break;
 			continue;
@@ -190,7 +209,7 @@ static int walk_pgd_range(unsigned long
 		next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
 		if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) {
 			if (ops->pte_hole)
-				err = ops->pte_hole(addr, next, walk);
+				err = ops->pte_hole(addr, next, 0, walk);
 			if (err)
 				break;
 			continue;
@@ -237,7 +256,7 @@ static int walk_hugetlb_range(unsigned l
 		if (pte)
 			err = ops->hugetlb_entry(pte, hmask, addr, next, walk);
 		else if (ops->pte_hole)
-			err = ops->pte_hole(addr, next, walk);
+			err = ops->pte_hole(addr, next, -1, walk);
 
 		if (err)
 			break;
@@ -281,7 +300,7 @@ static int walk_page_test(unsigned long
 	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) {
 		int err = 1;
 		if (ops->pte_hole)
-			err = ops->pte_hole(start, end, walk);
+			err = ops->pte_hole(start, end, -1, walk);
 		return err ? err : 1;
 	}
 	return 0;
_


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