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From: Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com>
To: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>,
	Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	"Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@kernel.org>,
	Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>,
	Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>,
	clang-built-linux@googlegroups.com,
	kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com, linux-arch@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	linux-kbuild@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-pci@vger.kernel.org, x86@kernel.org,
	Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com>
Subject: [PATCH v6 00/25] Add support for Clang LTO
Date: Mon, 12 Oct 2020 17:31:38 -0700
Message-ID: <20201013003203.4168817-1-samitolvanen@google.com> (raw)

This patch series adds support for building the x86_64 kernel with
Clang's Link Time Optimization (LTO).

In addition to performance, the primary motivation for LTO is
to allow Clang's Control-Flow Integrity (CFI) to be used in the
kernel. Google has shipped millions of Pixel devices running three
major kernel versions with LTO+CFI since 2018.

Most of the patches are build system changes for handling LLVM
bitcode, which Clang produces with LTO instead of ELF object files,
postponing ELF processing until a later stage, and ensuring initcall
ordering.

Note that this version is based on tip/master to reduce the number
of prerequisite patches, and to make it easier to manage changes to
objtool. Patch 1 is from Masahiro's kbuild tree, and while it's not
directly related to LTO, it makes the module linker script changes
cleaner.

Furthermore, patches 2-6 include Peter's patch for generating
__mcount_loc with objtool, and build system changes to enable it on
x86. With these patches, we no longer need to annotate functions
that have non-call references to __fentry__ with LTO, which greatly
simplifies supporting dynamic ftrace.

You can also pull this series from

  https://github.com/samitolvanen/linux.git lto-v6

---
Changes in v6:

  - Added the missing --mcount flag to patch 5.

  - Dropped the arm64 patches from this series and will repost them
    later.

Changes in v5:

  - Rebased on top of tip/master.

  - Changed the command line for objtool to use --vmlinux --duplicate
    to disable warnings about retpoline thunks and to fix .orc_unwind
    generation for vmlinux.o.

  - Added --noinstr flag to objtool, so we can use --vmlinux without
    also enabling noinstr validation.

  - Disabled objtool's unreachable instruction warnings with LTO to
    disable false positives for the int3 padding in vmlinux.o.

  - Added ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE annotations to the indirect jumps
    in x86 assembly code to fix objtool warnings with retpoline.

  - Fixed modpost warnings about missing version information with
    CONFIG_MODVERSIONS.

  - Included Makefile.lib into Makefile.modpost for ld_flags. Thanks
    to Sedat for pointing this out.

  - Updated the help text for ThinLTO to better explain the trade-offs.

  - Updated commit messages with better explanations.

Changes in v4:

  - Fixed a typo in Makefile.lib to correctly pass --no-fp to objtool.

  - Moved ftrace configs related to generating __mcount_loc to Kconfig,
    so they are available also in Makefile.modfinal.

  - Dropped two prerequisite patches that were merged to Linus' tree.

Changes in v3:

  - Added a separate patch to remove the unused DISABLE_LTO treewide,
    as filtering out CC_FLAGS_LTO instead is preferred.

  - Updated the Kconfig help to explain why LTO is behind a choice
    and disabled by default.

  - Dropped CC_FLAGS_LTO_CLANG, compiler-specific LTO flags are now
    appended directly to CC_FLAGS_LTO.

  - Updated $(AR) flags as KBUILD_ARFLAGS was removed earlier.

  - Fixed ThinLTO cache handling for external module builds.

  - Rebased on top of Masahiro's patch for preprocessing modules.lds,
    and moved the contents of module-lto.lds to modules.lds.S.

  - Moved objtool_args to Makefile.lib to avoid duplication of the
    command line parameters in Makefile.modfinal.

  - Clarified in the commit message for the initcall ordering patch
    that the initcall order remains the same as without LTO.

  - Changed link-vmlinux.sh to use jobserver-exec to control the
    number of jobs started by generate_initcall_ordering.pl.

  - Dropped the x86/relocs patch to whitelist L4_PAGE_OFFSET as it's
    no longer needed with ToT kernel.

  - Disabled LTO for arch/x86/power/cpu.c to work around a Clang bug
    with stack protector attributes.

Changes in v2:

  - Fixed -Wmissing-prototypes warnings with W=1.

  - Dropped cc-option from -fsplit-lto-unit and added .thinlto-cache
    scrubbing to make distclean.

  - Added a comment about Clang >=11 being required.

  - Added a patch to disable LTO for the arm64 KVM nVHE code.

  - Disabled objtool's noinstr validation with LTO unless enabled.

  - Included Peter's proposed objtool mcount patch in the series
    and replaced recordmcount with the objtool pass to avoid
    whitelisting relocations that are not calls.

  - Updated several commit messages with better explanations.


Masahiro Yamada (1):
  kbuild: preprocess module linker script

Peter Zijlstra (1):
  objtool: Add a pass for generating __mcount_loc

Sami Tolvanen (23):
  objtool: Don't autodetect vmlinux.o
  tracing: move function tracer options to Kconfig
  tracing: add support for objtool mcount
  x86, build: use objtool mcount
  treewide: remove DISABLE_LTO
  kbuild: add support for Clang LTO
  kbuild: lto: fix module versioning
  objtool: Split noinstr validation from --vmlinux
  kbuild: lto: postpone objtool
  kbuild: lto: limit inlining
  kbuild: lto: merge module sections
  kbuild: lto: remove duplicate dependencies from .mod files
  init: lto: ensure initcall ordering
  init: lto: fix PREL32 relocations
  PCI: Fix PREL32 relocations for LTO
  modpost: lto: strip .lto from module names
  scripts/mod: disable LTO for empty.c
  efi/libstub: disable LTO
  drivers/misc/lkdtm: disable LTO for rodata.o
  x86/asm: annotate indirect jumps
  x86, vdso: disable LTO only for vDSO
  x86, cpu: disable LTO for cpu.c
  x86, build: allow LTO_CLANG and THINLTO to be selected

 .gitignore                                    |   1 +
 Makefile                                      |  68 +++--
 arch/Kconfig                                  |  74 +++++
 arch/arm/Makefile                             |   4 -
 .../module.lds => include/asm/module.lds.h}   |   2 +
 arch/arm64/Makefile                           |   4 -
 .../module.lds => include/asm/module.lds.h}   |   2 +
 arch/arm64/kernel/vdso/Makefile               |   1 -
 arch/ia64/Makefile                            |   1 -
 .../{module.lds => include/asm/module.lds.h}  |   0
 arch/m68k/Makefile                            |   1 -
 .../module.lds => include/asm/module.lds.h}   |   0
 arch/powerpc/Makefile                         |   1 -
 .../module.lds => include/asm/module.lds.h}   |   0
 arch/riscv/Makefile                           |   3 -
 .../module.lds => include/asm/module.lds.h}   |   3 +-
 arch/sparc/vdso/Makefile                      |   2 -
 arch/um/include/asm/Kbuild                    |   1 +
 arch/x86/Kconfig                              |   3 +
 arch/x86/Makefile                             |   5 +
 arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile                  |   5 +-
 arch/x86/kernel/acpi/wakeup_64.S              |   2 +
 arch/x86/platform/pvh/head.S                  |   2 +
 arch/x86/power/Makefile                       |   4 +
 arch/x86/power/hibernate_asm_64.S             |   3 +
 drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile         |   2 +
 drivers/misc/lkdtm/Makefile                   |   1 +
 include/asm-generic/Kbuild                    |   1 +
 include/asm-generic/module.lds.h              |  10 +
 include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h             |  11 +-
 include/linux/init.h                          |  79 ++++-
 include/linux/pci.h                           |  19 +-
 kernel/Makefile                               |   3 -
 kernel/trace/Kconfig                          |  29 ++
 scripts/.gitignore                            |   1 +
 scripts/Makefile                              |   3 +
 scripts/Makefile.build                        |  69 +++--
 scripts/Makefile.lib                          |  17 +-
 scripts/Makefile.modfinal                     |  29 +-
 scripts/Makefile.modpost                      |  25 +-
 scripts/generate_initcall_order.pl            | 270 ++++++++++++++++++
 scripts/link-vmlinux.sh                       |  98 ++++++-
 scripts/mod/Makefile                          |   1 +
 scripts/mod/modpost.c                         |  16 +-
 scripts/mod/modpost.h                         |   9 +
 scripts/mod/sumversion.c                      |   6 +-
 scripts/{module-common.lds => module.lds.S}   |  31 ++
 scripts/package/builddeb                      |   2 +-
 tools/objtool/builtin-check.c                 |  10 +-
 tools/objtool/builtin.h                       |   2 +-
 tools/objtool/check.c                         |  84 +++++-
 tools/objtool/check.h                         |   1 +
 tools/objtool/objtool.c                       |   1 +
 tools/objtool/objtool.h                       |   1 +
 54 files changed, 895 insertions(+), 128 deletions(-)
 rename arch/arm/{kernel/module.lds => include/asm/module.lds.h} (72%)
 rename arch/arm64/{kernel/module.lds => include/asm/module.lds.h} (76%)
 rename arch/ia64/{module.lds => include/asm/module.lds.h} (100%)
 rename arch/m68k/{kernel/module.lds => include/asm/module.lds.h} (100%)
 rename arch/powerpc/{kernel/module.lds => include/asm/module.lds.h} (100%)
 rename arch/riscv/{kernel/module.lds => include/asm/module.lds.h} (84%)
 create mode 100644 include/asm-generic/module.lds.h
 create mode 100755 scripts/generate_initcall_order.pl
 rename scripts/{module-common.lds => module.lds.S} (59%)


base-commit: a292570e9f694ed50d3e69afd6d54272fd40deca
-- 
2.28.0.1011.ga647a8990f-goog


             reply index

Thread overview: 71+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-10-13  0:31 Sami Tolvanen [this message]
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 01/25] kbuild: preprocess module linker script Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 02/25] objtool: Add a pass for generating __mcount_loc Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-14 16:50   ` Ingo Molnar
2020-10-14 18:21     ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-10-15 20:10       ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 03/25] objtool: Don't autodetect vmlinux.o Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 04/25] tracing: move function tracer options to Kconfig Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 05/25] tracing: add support for objtool mcount Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 06/25] x86, build: use " Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 07/25] treewide: remove DISABLE_LTO Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-14 22:43   ` Kees Cook
2020-10-17  1:46     ` Masahiro Yamada
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 08/25] kbuild: add support for Clang LTO Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 09/25] kbuild: lto: fix module versioning Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 10/25] objtool: Split noinstr validation from --vmlinux Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 11/25] kbuild: lto: postpone objtool Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 12/25] kbuild: lto: limit inlining Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 13/25] kbuild: lto: merge module sections Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-14 22:49   ` Kees Cook
2020-10-20 16:42     ` Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 14/25] kbuild: lto: remove duplicate dependencies from .mod files Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-14 22:50   ` Kees Cook
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 15/25] init: lto: ensure initcall ordering Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 16/25] init: lto: fix PREL32 relocations Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-14 22:53   ` Kees Cook
2020-10-15  0:12   ` Jann Horn
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 17/25] PCI: Fix PREL32 relocations for LTO Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-14 22:58   ` Kees Cook
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 18/25] modpost: lto: strip .lto from module names Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 19/25] scripts/mod: disable LTO for empty.c Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 20/25] efi/libstub: disable LTO Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:31 ` [PATCH v6 21/25] drivers/misc/lkdtm: disable LTO for rodata.o Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:32 ` [PATCH v6 22/25] x86/asm: annotate indirect jumps Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-14 22:46   ` Kees Cook
2020-10-14 23:23   ` Jann Horn
2020-10-15 10:22     ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-10-15 20:39       ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-10-20 16:45         ` Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-20 18:52           ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-10-20 19:24             ` Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-21  8:56               ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-10-21  9:08                 ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-10-21  9:32                 ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-10-21 21:27                   ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-10-22  7:25                     ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-10-23 17:48                       ` Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-23 18:04                         ` Nick Desaulniers
2020-10-21 15:01                 ` Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-22  0:22                 ` Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-23 17:36                   ` Sami Tolvanen
2020-11-09 23:11                     ` Sami Tolvanen
2020-11-10  2:29                       ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-11-10  3:18                         ` Nick Desaulniers
2020-11-10  4:48                         ` Sami Tolvanen
2020-11-10 16:11                           ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-11-10 17:46                         ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-11-10 18:59                           ` Sami Tolvanen
2020-11-13 19:54                             ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-11-13 20:24                               ` Sami Tolvanen
2020-11-13 20:52                                 ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-11-13 22:34                                 ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-11-13 22:54                                   ` Sami Tolvanen
2020-11-13 22:56                                     ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-11-13 23:31                                   ` Sami Tolvanen
2020-11-14  0:49                                     ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-10-21  9:51             ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-10-21 18:30               ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-10-13  0:32 ` [PATCH v6 23/25] x86, vdso: disable LTO only for vDSO Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:32 ` [PATCH v6 24/25] x86, cpu: disable LTO for cpu.c Sami Tolvanen
2020-10-13  0:32 ` [PATCH v6 25/25] x86, build: allow LTO_CLANG and THINLTO to be selected Sami Tolvanen

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