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* [PATCH v2] PCI: PM: Move to D0 before calling pci_legacy_resume_early()
@ 2019-08-14  1:06 Dexuan Cui
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: Dexuan Cui @ 2019-08-14  1:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: lorenzo.pieralisi, bhelgaas, linux-pci
  Cc: Michael Kelley, linux-hyperv, linux-kernel, driverdev-devel,
	Sasha Levin, Haiyang Zhang, KY Srinivasan, olaf, apw, jasowang,
	vkuznets, marcelo.cerri, Stephen Hemminger, jackm, Dexuan Cui

In pci_legacy_suspend_late(), the device state is moved to PCI_UNKNOWN.

In pci_pm_thaw_noirq(), the state is supposed to be moved back to PCI_D0,
but the current code misses the pci_legacy_resume_early() path, so the
state remains in PCI_UNKNOWN in that path. As a result, in the resume
phase of hibernation, this causes an error for the Mellanox VF driver,
which fails to enable MSI-X because pci_msi_supported() is false due
to dev->current_state != PCI_D0:

mlx4_core a6d1:00:02.0: Detected virtual function - running in slave mode
mlx4_core a6d1:00:02.0: Sending reset
mlx4_core a6d1:00:02.0: Sending vhcr0
mlx4_core a6d1:00:02.0: HCA minimum page size:512
mlx4_core a6d1:00:02.0: Timestamping is not supported in slave mode
mlx4_core a6d1:00:02.0: INTx is not supported in multi-function mode, aborting
PM: dpm_run_callback(): pci_pm_thaw+0x0/0xd7 returns -95
PM: Device a6d1:00:02.0 failed to thaw: error -95

To be more accurate, the "resume" phase means the "thaw" callbacks which
run before the system enters hibernation: when the user runs the command
"echo disk > /sys/power/state" for hibernation, first the kernel "freezes"
all the devices and creates a hibernation image, then the kernel "thaws"
the devices including the disk/NIC, writes the memory to the disk, and
powers down. This patch fixes the error message for the Mellanox VF driver
in this phase.

When the system starts again, a fresh kernel starts to run, and when the
kernel detects that a hibernation image was saved, the kernel "quiesces"
the devices, and then "restores" the devices from the saved image. In this
device_resume_noirq() -> ... ->
  pci_pm_restore_noirq() ->
    pci_pm_default_resume_early() ->
      pci_power_up() moves the device states back to PCI_D0. This path is
not broken and doesn't need my patch.

Signed-off-by: Dexuan Cui <>

changes in v2:
	Updated the changelog with more details.

 drivers/pci/pci-driver.c | 7 ++++---
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c b/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
index 36dbe960306b..27dfc68db9e7 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
@@ -1074,15 +1074,16 @@ static int pci_pm_thaw_noirq(struct device *dev)
 			return error;
-	if (pci_has_legacy_pm_support(pci_dev))
-		return pci_legacy_resume_early(dev);
 	 * pci_restore_state() requires the device to be in D0 (because of MSI
 	 * restoration among other things), so force it into D0 in case the
 	 * driver's "freeze" callbacks put it into a low-power state directly.
 	pci_set_power_state(pci_dev, PCI_D0);
+	if (pci_has_legacy_pm_support(pci_dev))
+		return pci_legacy_resume_early(dev);
 	if (drv && drv->pm && drv->pm->thaw_noirq)

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2019-08-14  1:06 [PATCH v2] PCI: PM: Move to D0 before calling pci_legacy_resume_early() Dexuan Cui

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