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From: Anup Patel <anup.patel@wdc.com>
To: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@dabbelt.com>,
	Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@sifive.com>,
	Albert Ou <aou@eecs.berkeley.edu>,
	Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org>,
	Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: devicetree@vger.kernel.org,
	Damien Le Moal <damien.lemoal@wdc.com>,
	Emil Renner Berhing <kernel@esmil.dk>,
	Anup Patel <anup@brainfault.org>, Anup Patel <anup.patel@wdc.com>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Atish Patra <atish.patra@wdc.com>,
	Alistair Francis <Alistair.Francis@wdc.com>,
	linux-riscv@lists.infradead.org
Subject: [PATCH v5 2/4] clocksource/drivers: Add CLINT timer driver
Date: Thu, 23 Jul 2020 19:54:07 +0530
Message-ID: <20200723142409.47057-3-anup.patel@wdc.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200723142409.47057-1-anup.patel@wdc.com>

We add a separate CLINT timer driver for Linux RISC-V M-mode (i.e.
RISC-V NoMMU kernel).

The CLINT MMIO device provides three things:
1. 64bit free running counter register
2. 64bit per-CPU time compare registers
3. 32bit per-CPU inter-processor interrupt registers

Unlike other timer devices, CLINT provides IPI registers along with
timer registers. To use CLINT IPI registers, the CLINT timer driver
provides IPI related callbacks to arch/riscv.

Signed-off-by: Anup Patel <anup.patel@wdc.com>
Tested-by: Emil Renner Berhing <kernel@esmil.dk>
---
 drivers/clocksource/Kconfig       |   9 ++
 drivers/clocksource/Makefile      |   1 +
 drivers/clocksource/timer-clint.c | 226 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/cpuhotplug.h        |   1 +
 4 files changed, 237 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/clocksource/timer-clint.c

diff --git a/drivers/clocksource/Kconfig b/drivers/clocksource/Kconfig
index 91418381fcd4..41f1c147c178 100644
--- a/drivers/clocksource/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/clocksource/Kconfig
@@ -658,6 +658,15 @@ config RISCV_TIMER
 	  is accessed via both the SBI and the rdcycle instruction.  This is
 	  required for all RISC-V systems.
 
+config CLINT_TIMER
+	bool "CLINT Timer for the RISC-V platform" if COMPILE_TEST
+	depends on GENERIC_SCHED_CLOCK && RISCV
+	select TIMER_PROBE
+	select TIMER_OF
+	help
+	  This option enables the CLINT timer for RISC-V systems.  The CLINT
+	  driver is usually used for NoMMU RISC-V systems.
+
 config CSKY_MP_TIMER
 	bool "SMP Timer for the C-SKY platform" if COMPILE_TEST
 	depends on CSKY
diff --git a/drivers/clocksource/Makefile b/drivers/clocksource/Makefile
index bdda1a2e4097..18e700e703a0 100644
--- a/drivers/clocksource/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/clocksource/Makefile
@@ -87,6 +87,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_CLKSRC_ST_LPC)		+= clksrc_st_lpc.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_X86_NUMACHIP)		+= numachip.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ATCPIT100_TIMER)		+= timer-atcpit100.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_RISCV_TIMER)		+= timer-riscv.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_CLINT_TIMER)		+= timer-clint.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CSKY_MP_TIMER)		+= timer-mp-csky.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_GX6605S_TIMER)		+= timer-gx6605s.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_HYPERV_TIMER)		+= hyperv_timer.o
diff --git a/drivers/clocksource/timer-clint.c b/drivers/clocksource/timer-clint.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8eeafa82c03d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/clocksource/timer-clint.c
@@ -0,0 +1,226 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2020 Western Digital Corporation or its affiliates.
+ *
+ * Most of the M-mode (i.e. NoMMU) RISC-V systems usually have a
+ * CLINT MMIO timer device.
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "clint: " fmt
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/clocksource.h>
+#include <linux/clockchips.h>
+#include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/of_address.h>
+#include <linux/sched_clock.h>
+#include <linux/io-64-nonatomic-lo-hi.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/of_irq.h>
+#include <linux/smp.h>
+
+#define CLINT_IPI_OFF		0
+#define CLINT_TIMER_CMP_OFF	0x4000
+#define CLINT_TIMER_VAL_OFF	0xbff8
+
+/* CLINT manages IPI and Timer for RISC-V M-mode  */
+static u32 __iomem *clint_ipi_base;
+static u64 __iomem *clint_timer_cmp;
+static u64 __iomem *clint_timer_val;
+static unsigned long clint_timer_freq;
+static unsigned int clint_timer_irq;
+
+static void clint_send_ipi(const struct cpumask *target)
+{
+	unsigned int cpu;
+
+	for_each_cpu(cpu, target)
+		writel(1, clint_ipi_base + cpuid_to_hartid_map(cpu));
+}
+
+static void clint_clear_ipi(void)
+{
+	writel(0, clint_ipi_base + cpuid_to_hartid_map(smp_processor_id()));
+}
+
+static struct riscv_ipi_ops clint_ipi_ops = {
+	.ipi_inject = clint_send_ipi,
+	.ipi_clear = clint_clear_ipi,
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+#define clint_get_cycles()	readq_relaxed(clint_timer_val)
+#else
+#define clint_get_cycles()	readl_relaxed(clint_timer_val)
+#define clint_get_cycles_hi()	readl_relaxed(((u32 *)clint_timer_val) + 1)
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+static u64 notrace clint_get_cycles64(void)
+{
+	return clint_get_cycles();
+}
+#else /* CONFIG_64BIT */
+static u64 notrace clint_get_cycles64(void)
+{
+	u32 hi, lo;
+
+	do {
+		hi = clint_get_cycles_hi();
+		lo = clint_get_cycles();
+	} while (hi != clint_get_cycles_hi());
+
+	return ((u64)hi << 32) | lo;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_64BIT */
+
+static u64 clint_rdtime(struct clocksource *cs)
+{
+	return clint_get_cycles64();
+}
+
+static struct clocksource clint_clocksource = {
+	.name		= "clint_clocksource",
+	.rating		= 300,
+	.mask		= CLOCKSOURCE_MASK(64),
+	.flags		= CLOCK_SOURCE_IS_CONTINUOUS,
+	.read		= clint_rdtime,
+};
+
+static int clint_clock_next_event(unsigned long delta,
+				   struct clock_event_device *ce)
+{
+	void __iomem *r = clint_timer_cmp +
+			  cpuid_to_hartid_map(smp_processor_id());
+
+	csr_set(CSR_IE, IE_TIE);
+	writeq_relaxed(clint_get_cycles64() + delta, r);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct clock_event_device, clint_clock_event) = {
+	.name		= "clint_clockevent",
+	.features	= CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_ONESHOT,
+	.rating		= 100,
+	.set_next_event	= clint_clock_next_event,
+};
+
+static int clint_timer_starting_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+	struct clock_event_device *ce = per_cpu_ptr(&clint_clock_event, cpu);
+
+	ce->cpumask = cpumask_of(cpu);
+	clockevents_config_and_register(ce, clint_timer_freq, 100, 0x7fffffff);
+
+	enable_percpu_irq(clint_timer_irq,
+			  irq_get_trigger_type(clint_timer_irq));
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int clint_timer_dying_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+	disable_percpu_irq(clint_timer_irq);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static irqreturn_t clint_timer_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
+{
+	struct clock_event_device *evdev = this_cpu_ptr(&clint_clock_event);
+
+	csr_clear(CSR_IE, IE_TIE);
+	evdev->event_handler(evdev);
+
+	return IRQ_HANDLED;
+}
+
+static int __init clint_timer_init_dt(struct device_node *np)
+{
+	int rc;
+	u32 i, nr_irqs;
+	void __iomem *base;
+	struct of_phandle_args oirq;
+
+	/*
+	 * Ensure that CLINT device interrupts are either RV_IRQ_TIMER or
+	 * RV_IRQ_SOFT. If it's anything else then we ignore the device.
+	 */
+	nr_irqs = of_irq_count(np);
+	for (i = 0; i < nr_irqs; i++) {
+		if (of_irq_parse_one(np, i, &oirq)) {
+			pr_err("%pOFP: failed to parse irq %d.\n", np, i);
+			continue;
+		}
+
+		if ((oirq.args_count != 1) ||
+		    (oirq.args[0] != RV_IRQ_TIMER &&
+		     oirq.args[0] != RV_IRQ_SOFT)) {
+			pr_err("%pOFP: invalid irq %d (hwirq %d)\n",
+			       np, i, oirq.args[0]);
+			return -ENODEV;
+		}
+
+		/* Find parent irq domain and map timer irq */
+		if (!clint_timer_irq &&
+		    oirq.args[0] == RV_IRQ_TIMER &&
+		    irq_find_host(oirq.np))
+			clint_timer_irq = irq_of_parse_and_map(np, i);
+	}
+
+	/* If CLINT timer irq not found then fail */
+	if (!clint_timer_irq) {
+		pr_err("%pOFP: timer irq not found\n", np);
+		return -ENODEV;
+	}
+
+	base = of_iomap(np, 0);
+	if (!base) {
+		pr_err("%pOFP: could not map registers\n", np);
+		return -ENODEV;
+	}
+
+	clint_ipi_base = base + CLINT_IPI_OFF;
+	clint_timer_cmp = base + CLINT_TIMER_CMP_OFF;
+	clint_timer_val = base + CLINT_TIMER_VAL_OFF;
+	clint_timer_freq = riscv_timebase;
+
+	pr_info("%pOFP: timer running at %ld Hz\n", np, clint_timer_freq);
+
+	rc = clocksource_register_hz(&clint_clocksource, clint_timer_freq);
+	if (rc) {
+		pr_err("%pOFP: clocksource register failed [%d]\n", np, rc);
+		goto fail_iounmap;
+	}
+
+	sched_clock_register(clint_get_cycles64, 64, clint_timer_freq);
+
+	rc = request_percpu_irq(clint_timer_irq, clint_timer_interrupt,
+				 "clint-timer", &clint_clock_event);
+	if (rc) {
+		pr_err("registering percpu irq failed [%d]\n", rc);
+		goto fail_iounmap;
+	}
+
+	rc = cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_AP_CLINT_TIMER_STARTING,
+				"clockevents/clint/timer:starting",
+				clint_timer_starting_cpu,
+				clint_timer_dying_cpu);
+	if (rc) {
+		pr_err("%pOFP: cpuhp setup state failed [%d]\n", np, rc);
+		goto fail_free_irq;
+	}
+
+	riscv_set_ipi_ops(&clint_ipi_ops);
+	clint_clear_ipi();
+
+	return 0;
+
+fail_free_irq:
+	free_irq(clint_timer_irq, &clint_clock_event);
+fail_iounmap:
+	iounmap(base);
+	return rc;
+}
+
+TIMER_OF_DECLARE(clint_timer, "riscv,clint0", clint_timer_init_dt);
+TIMER_OF_DECLARE(clint_timer1, "sifive,clint0", clint_timer_init_dt);
diff --git a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
index 191772d4a4d7..1451f4625833 100644
--- a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
+++ b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
@@ -132,6 +132,7 @@ enum cpuhp_state {
 	CPUHP_AP_MIPS_GIC_TIMER_STARTING,
 	CPUHP_AP_ARC_TIMER_STARTING,
 	CPUHP_AP_RISCV_TIMER_STARTING,
+	CPUHP_AP_CLINT_TIMER_STARTING,
 	CPUHP_AP_CSKY_TIMER_STARTING,
 	CPUHP_AP_HYPERV_TIMER_STARTING,
 	CPUHP_AP_KVM_STARTING,
-- 
2.25.1


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  parent reply index

Thread overview: 9+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-07-23 14:24 [PATCH v5 0/4] Dedicated " Anup Patel
2020-07-23 14:24 ` [PATCH v5 1/4] RISC-V: Add mechanism to provide custom IPI operations Anup Patel
2020-07-23 14:24 ` Anup Patel [this message]
2020-07-23 14:34   ` [PATCH v5 2/4] clocksource/drivers: Add CLINT timer driver Daniel Lezcano
2020-07-23 14:24 ` [PATCH v5 3/4] RISC-V: Remove CLINT related code from timer and arch Anup Patel
2020-07-23 14:35   ` Daniel Lezcano
2020-07-23 14:24 ` [PATCH v5 4/4] dt-bindings: timer: Add CLINT bindings Anup Patel
2020-07-23 17:08   ` Rob Herring
2020-07-24  2:55     ` Anup Patel

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