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From: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
To: "Tzvetomir Stoyanov (VMware)" <tz.stoyanov@gmail.com>
Cc: linux-trace-devel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 3/5] trace-cmd: New libtracefs APIs for ftrace instances
Date: Wed, 8 Jan 2020 14:37:06 -0500
Message-ID: <20200108143706.20170bb2@gandalf.local.home> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200106154058.60660-4-tz.stoyanov@gmail.com>

On Mon,  6 Jan 2020 17:40:56 +0200
"Tzvetomir Stoyanov (VMware)" <tz.stoyanov@gmail.com> wrote:

> The functionality related to ftrace instances is moved from
> trace-cmd application to libtracefs. The following new
> library APIs are introduced:
>     struct tracefs_instance;
>     struct tracefs_instance *tracefs_alloc_instance(const char *name);
>     int tracefs_free_instance(struct tracefs_instance *instance);
>     int tracefs_make_instance(struct tracefs_instance *instance);
>     int tracefs_remove_instance(struct tracefs_instance *instance);

I'm thinking that "make" should be "create" and "remove" should be
"destroy". The "make" and "remove" does match "mkdir" and "rmdir" but
that's just the behind-the-scenes of what the OS does. But from an
application point of view, "create" and "destroy" seem more
appropriate.

What do you think?


>     char *tracefs_get_instance_name(struct tracefs_instance *instance);
>     char *tracefs_get_instance_file(struct tracefs_instance *instance, const char *file);
>     char *tracefs_get_instance_dir(struct tracefs_instance *instance);
>     int tracefs_write_instance_file(struct tracefs_instance *instance,
> 				 const char *file, const char *str, const char *type);
>     char *tracefs_read_instance_file(struct tracefs_instance *instance, char *file, int *psize);

Also, another naming convention used commonly, is when you have a set
of functions working on the same thing, is to use the name of what it
is working on first. That is, instead of the above, we should have:

 tracefs_instance_alloc()
 tracefs_instance_free()
 tracefs_instance_create() (instead of "make")
 tracefs_instance_destroy() (instead of "remove")
 tracefs_instance_get_name()
 tracefs_instance_get_file()
 tracefs_instance_file_read()
 tracefs_instance_file_write()

That way it is easier to find these functions with just searching for
"tracefs_instance"

The "get_*" is ok to keep, but as I showed above, I think "_file_read"
and "_file_write" is a better name.

[ more below ]

> 
> Signed-off-by: Tzvetomir Stoyanov (VMware) <tz.stoyanov@gmail.com>
> ---
>  include/tracefs/tracefs.h           |  17 ++
>  lib/tracefs/Makefile                |   1 +
>  lib/tracefs/include/tracefs-local.h |   1 +
>  lib/tracefs/tracefs-instance.c      | 267 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  lib/tracefs/tracefs-utils.c         |  43 +++++
>  tracecmd/include/trace-local.h      |   5 +-
>  tracecmd/trace-list.c               |   2 +-
>  tracecmd/trace-record.c             | 264 +++++++++------------------
>  tracecmd/trace-show.c               |   2 +
>  tracecmd/trace-stat.c               |  21 ++-
>  10 files changed, 431 insertions(+), 192 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 lib/tracefs/tracefs-instance.c
> 
> diff --git a/include/tracefs/tracefs.h b/include/tracefs/tracefs.h
> index e844c75..6b27ff7 100644
> --- a/include/tracefs/tracefs.h
> +++ b/include/tracefs/tracefs.h
> @@ -17,4 +17,21 @@ const char *tracefs_get_tracing_dir(void);
>  /* tracefs_find_tracing_dir must be freed */
>  char *tracefs_find_tracing_dir(void);
>  
> +/* ftarce instances */
> +struct tracefs_instance;
> +
> +struct tracefs_instance *tracefs_alloc_instance(const char *name);
> +int tracefs_free_instance(struct tracefs_instance *instance);
> +int tracefs_make_instance(struct tracefs_instance *instance);
> +int tracefs_remove_instance(struct tracefs_instance *instance);
> +char *tracefs_get_instance_name(struct tracefs_instance *instance);
> +char *
> +tracefs_get_instance_file(struct tracefs_instance *instance, const char *file);
> +char *tracefs_get_instance_dir(struct tracefs_instance *instance);
> +int tracefs_write_instance_file(struct tracefs_instance *instance,
> +				const char *file, const char *str,
> +				const char *type);
> +char *tracefs_read_instance_file(struct tracefs_instance *instance,
> +				 char *file, int *psize);
> +
>  #endif /* _TRACE_FS_H */
> diff --git a/lib/tracefs/Makefile b/lib/tracefs/Makefile
> index 86d7845..4030272 100644
> --- a/lib/tracefs/Makefile
> +++ b/lib/tracefs/Makefile
> @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ DEFAULT_TARGET = $(bdir)/libtracefs.a
>  
>  OBJS =
>  OBJS += tracefs-utils.o
> +OBJS += tracefs-instance.o
>  
>  OBJS := $(OBJS:%.o=$(bdir)/%.o)
>  DEPS := $(OBJS:$(bdir)/%.o=$(bdir)/.%.d)
> diff --git a/lib/tracefs/include/tracefs-local.h b/lib/tracefs/include/tracefs-local.h
> index 231edd1..fe327a0 100644
> --- a/lib/tracefs/include/tracefs-local.h
> +++ b/lib/tracefs/include/tracefs-local.h
> @@ -8,5 +8,6 @@
>  
>  /* Can be overridden */
>  void warning(const char *fmt, ...);
> +int str_read_file(const char *file, char **buffer);
>  
>  #endif /* _TRACE_FS_LOCAL_H */
> diff --git a/lib/tracefs/tracefs-instance.c b/lib/tracefs/tracefs-instance.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..14e8eed
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/lib/tracefs/tracefs-instance.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,267 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: LGPL-2.1
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2008, 2009, 2010 Red Hat Inc, Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
> + *
> + * Updates:
> + * Copyright (C) 2019, VMware, Tzvetomir Stoyanov <tz.stoyanov@gmail.com>
> + *
> + */
> +
> +#include <stdio.h>
> +#include <stdlib.h>
> +#include <unistd.h>
> +#include <errno.h>
> +#include <sys/stat.h>
> +#include <fcntl.h>
> +
> +#include "tracefs.h"
> +#include "tracefs-local.h"
> +
> +struct tracefs_instance {
> +	char *name;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * tracefs_alloc_instance - allocate a new ftrace instance
> + * @name: The name of the instance (instance will point to this)
> + *
> + * Returns a newly allocated instance, or NULL in case of an error.
> + */
> +struct tracefs_instance *tracefs_alloc_instance(const char *name)
> +{
> +	struct tracefs_instance *instance;
> +
> +	instance = calloc(1, sizeof(*instance));
> +	if (!instance)
> +		return NULL;
> +	if (name)
> +		instance->name = strdup(name);

We can remove make this a little simpler (and with the name check):

	instance = calloc(1, sizeof(*instance));
	if (instance && name) {
		instance->name = strdup(name);
		if (!instance->name) {
			free(instance);
			instance = NULL;
		}
	}

	return instance;

> +
> +	return instance;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * tracefs_free_instance - Free an instance, previously allocated by
> +			   tracefs_alloc_instance()
> + * @instance: Pointer to the instance to be freed
> + *
> + * Returns -1 in case of an error, or 0 otherwise.

I don't think the free should return a value. Make it void.

> + */
> +int tracefs_free_instance(struct tracefs_instance *instance)
> +{
> +	if (!instance)
> +		return -1;
> +
> +	free(instance->name);
> +	free(instance);
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * tracefs_make_instance - Create a new ftrace instance
> + * @instance: Pointer to the instance to be created
> + *
> + * Returns 1 if the instance already exist, 0 if the instance
> + * is created successful or -1 in case of an error
> + */
> +int tracefs_make_instance(struct tracefs_instance *instance)
> +{
> +	struct stat st;
> +	char *path;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	path = tracefs_get_instance_dir(instance);
> +	ret = stat(path, &st);
> +	if (ret < 0) {
> +		ret = mkdir(path, 0777);
> +		if (ret < 0)
> +			return ret;

Remove the check of ret here, as the return skips the freeing of path.

Should be just:

	if (ret < 0)
		ret = mkdir(path, 0777);
	else
		ret = 1;

> +
> +	} else
> +		ret = 1;
> +	tracefs_put_tracing_file(path);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * tracefs_remove_instance - Remove a ftrace instance
> + * @instance: Pointer to the instance to be removed
> + *
> + * Returns -1 in case of an error, or 0 otherwise.
> + */
> +int tracefs_remove_instance(struct tracefs_instance *instance)
> +{
> +	char *path;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	if (!instance || !instance->name) {
> +		warning("Cannot remove top instance");
> +		return -1;
> +	}
> +
> +	path = tracefs_get_instance_dir(instance);

path could be NULL here due to failed allocation. Need to check that
and return an error.

> +	ret = rmdir(path);
> +	tracefs_put_tracing_file(path);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * tracefs_get_instance_file - return the path to an instance file.
> + * @instance: ftrace instance, can be NULL for the top instance
> + * @file: name of file to return
> + *
> + * Returns the path of the @file for the given @instance, or NULL in
> + * case of an error.
> + *
> + * Must use tracefs_put_tracing_file() to free the returned string.
> + */
> +char *
> +tracefs_get_instance_file(struct tracefs_instance *instance, const char *file)
> +{
> +	char *path;
> +	char *buf;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	if (instance && instance->name) {
> +		ret = asprintf(&buf, "instances/%s/%s", instance->name, file);
> +		if (ret < 0) {
> +			warning("Failed to allocate name for %s/%s",
> +				 instance->name, file);

For this being in a library, we should probably remove warnings.

> +			return NULL;
> +		}
> +		path = tracefs_get_tracing_file(buf);
> +		free(buf);
> +	} else
> +		path = tracefs_get_tracing_file(file);
> +
> +	return path;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * tracefs_get_instance_dir - return the path to the instance directory.
> + * @instance: ftrace instance, can be NULL for the top instance
> + *
> + * Returns the full path to the instance directory
> + *
> + * Must use tracefs_put_tracing_file() to free the returned string.
> + */
> +char *tracefs_get_instance_dir(struct tracefs_instance *instance)
> +{
> +	char *buf;
> +	char *path;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	if (instance && instance->name) {
> +		ret = asprintf(&buf, "instances/%s", instance->name);
> +		if (ret < 0) {
> +			warning("Failed to allocate path for instance %s",
> +				 instance->name);
> +			return NULL;
> +		}
> +		path = tracefs_get_tracing_file(buf);
> +		free(buf);
> +	} else
> +		path = tracefs_find_tracing_dir();
> +
> +	return path;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * tracefs_get_instance_name - return the name of an instance
> + * @instance: ftrace instance
> + *
> + * Returns the name of the given @instance.
> + * The returned string must *not* be freed.
> + */
> +char *tracefs_get_instance_name(struct tracefs_instance *instance)
> +{
> +	if (instance)
> +		return instance->name;
> +	return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static int write_file(const char *file, const char *str, const char *type)
> +{
> +	char buf[BUFSIZ];
> +	int ret;
> +	int fd;
> +
> +	fd = open(file, O_WRONLY | O_TRUNC);
> +	if (fd < 0) {
> +		warning("Failed to open '%s'", file);
> +		return -1;
> +	}
> +	ret = write(fd, str, strlen(str));
> +	close(fd);
> +	if (ret < 0 && type) {
> +		/* write failed */
> +		fd = open(file, O_RDONLY);
> +		if (fd < 0) {
> +			warning("Failed to write in '%s'", file);
> +			return -1;
> +		}
> +
> +		while ((ret = read(fd, buf, BUFSIZ)) > 0)
> +			fprintf(stderr, "%.*s", ret, buf);
> +		warning("Failed %s of %s\n", type, file);

The library function should not bother reading the file on error. This
is only applicable for some (one or two) files in the instance
directory. Thus remove this code.

> +		close(fd);
> +	}
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +
> +/**
> + * tracefs_write_instance_file - Write in trace file of specific instance.
> + * @instance: ftrace instance, can be NULL for the top instance
> + * @file: name of the file
> + * @str: nul terminated string, that will be written in the file.
> + * @type: nul terminated string, describing the current write operation.
> + *	  Used for logging purposes.
> + *
> + * Returns the number of written bytes, or -1 in case of an error
> + */
> +int tracefs_write_instance_file(struct tracefs_instance *instance,
> +				 const char *file, const char *str,
> +				 const char *type)

Let's get rid of the "type", it's confusing for a library function. If
the output should be read, that should be for a different operation.


> +{
> +	struct stat st;
> +	char *path;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	path = tracefs_get_instance_file(instance, file);

Need to check for path == NULL.

> +	ret = stat(path, &st);
> +	if (ret == 0)
> +		ret = write_file(path, str, type);
> +	tracefs_put_tracing_file(path);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * tracefs_read_instance_file - Read from a trace file of specific instance.
> + * @instance: ftrace instance, can be NULL for the top instance
> + * @file: name of the file
> + * @psize: returns the number of bytes read
> + *
> + * Returns a pointer to a nul terminated string, read from the file, or NULL in
> + * case of an error.
> + * The return string must be freed by free()
> + */
> +char *tracefs_read_instance_file(struct tracefs_instance *instance,
> +				  char *file, int *psize)
> +{
> +	char *buf = NULL;
> +	int size = 0;
> +	char *path;
> +
> +	path = tracefs_get_instance_file(instance, file);

Need to check for path == NULL.

> +
> +	size = str_read_file(path, &buf);
> +
> +	tracefs_put_tracing_file(path);
> +	if (buf && psize)
> +		*psize = size;
> +
> +	return buf;
> +}
> diff --git a/lib/tracefs/tracefs-utils.c b/lib/tracefs/tracefs-utils.c
> index 0ef16fc..bdab130 100644
> --- a/lib/tracefs/tracefs-utils.c
> +++ b/lib/tracefs/tracefs-utils.c
> @@ -10,6 +10,9 @@
>  #include <sys/mount.h>
>  #include <sys/stat.h>
>  #include <linux/limits.h>
> +#include <sys/stat.h>
> +#include <fcntl.h>
> +#include <unistd.h>
>  
>  #include "tracefs.h"
>  
> @@ -181,3 +184,43 @@ void tracefs_put_tracing_file(char *name)
>  {
>  	free(name);
>  }
> +
> +int str_read_file(const char *file, char **buffer)
> +{
> +	char stbuf[BUFSIZ];
> +	char *buf = NULL;
> +	int size = 0;
> +	char *nbuf;
> +	int fd;
> +	int r;
> +
> +	fd = open(file, O_RDONLY);
> +	if (fd < 0) {
> +		warning("File %s not found", file);
> +		return -1;
> +	}
> +
> +	do {
> +		r = read(fd, stbuf, BUFSIZ);
> +		if (r <= 0)
> +			continue;
> +		nbuf = realloc(buf, size+r+1);
> +		if (!nbuf) {
> +			warning("Failed to allocate file buffer");

Again, we should remove warnings from the library function. But this
can be done later. I just wanted to document that we need to do that.

> +			size = -1;
> +			break;
> +		}
> +		buf = nbuf;
> +		memcpy(buf+size, stbuf, r);
> +		size += r;
> +	} while (r);

Hmm, this probably should be:

	} while (r > 0);

(I know this was broken before this patch)

> +
> +	close(fd);
> +	if (size > 0) {

Hmm, if r is less than zero here, we have a bug. Perhaps this needs to
be:

	if (r == 0 && size > 0) {

> +		buf[size] = '\0';
> +		*buffer = buf;
> +	} else
> +		free(buf);
> +
> +	return size;
> +}


-- Steve

  reply index

Thread overview: 15+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-01-06 15:40 [PATCH v2 0/5] tracefs library Tzvetomir Stoyanov (VMware)
2020-01-06 15:40 ` [PATCH v2 1/5] trace-cmd: Introduce libtracefs library Tzvetomir Stoyanov (VMware)
2020-01-06 15:40 ` [PATCH v2 2/5] kernel-shark: Use new tracefs library Tzvetomir Stoyanov (VMware)
2020-01-08 19:05   ` Steven Rostedt
2020-01-08 20:09   ` Steven Rostedt
2020-01-06 15:40 ` [PATCH v2 3/5] trace-cmd: New libtracefs APIs for ftrace instances Tzvetomir Stoyanov (VMware)
2020-01-08 19:37   ` Steven Rostedt [this message]
2020-01-09 13:29     ` Tzvetomir Stoyanov
2020-01-06 15:40 ` [PATCH v2 4/5] trace-cmd,kernel-shark: New libtracefs APIs for ftrace events and systems Tzvetomir Stoyanov (VMware)
2020-01-08 20:22   ` Steven Rostedt
2020-01-09 13:37     ` Tzvetomir Stoyanov
2020-01-08 21:09   ` Steven Rostedt
2020-01-09 14:14     ` Tzvetomir Stoyanov
2020-01-09  2:32   ` Steven Rostedt
2020-01-06 15:40 ` [PATCH v2 5/5] trace-cmd,kernel-shark: New libtracefs APIs for loading ftrace events Tzvetomir Stoyanov (VMware)

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