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* [PATCH v6] usbip: Implement SG support to vhci-hcd and stub driver
@ 2019-08-22 22:11 Suwan Kim
  2019-08-24 19:41 ` shuah
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: Suwan Kim @ 2019-08-22 22:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: shuah, valentina.manea.m, gregkh, stern
  Cc: linux-usb, linux-kernel, Suwan Kim

There are bugs on vhci with usb 3.0 storage device. In USB, each SG
list entry buffer should be divisible by the bulk max packet size.
But with native SG support, this problem doesn't matter because the
SG buffer is treated as contiguous buffer. But without native SG
support, USB storage driver breaks SG list into several URBs and the
error occurs because of a buffer size of URB that cannot be divided
by the bulk max packet size. The error situation is as follows.

When USB Storage driver requests 31.5 KB data and has SG list which
has 3584 bytes buffer followed by 7 4096 bytes buffer for some
reason. USB Storage driver splits this SG list into several URBs
because VHCI doesn't support SG and sends them separately. So the
first URB buffer size is 3584 bytes. When receiving data from device,
USB 3.0 device sends data packet of 1024 bytes size because the max
packet size of BULK pipe is 1024 bytes. So device sends 4096 bytes.
But the first URB buffer has only 3584 bytes buffer size. So host
controller terminates the transfer even though there is more data to
receive. So, vhci needs to support SG transfer to prevent this error.

In this patch, vhci supports SG regardless of whether the server's
host controller supports SG or not, because stub driver splits SG
list into several URBs if the server's host controller doesn't
support SG.

To support SG, vhci sets URB_DMA_MAP_SG flag in urb->transfer_flags
if URB has SG list and this flag will tell stub driver to use SG
list. After receiving urb from stub driver, vhci clear URB_DMA_MAP_SG
flag to avoid unnecessary dma unmapping in HCD.

vhci sends each SG list entry to stub driver. Then, stub driver sees
the total length of the buffer and allocates SG table and pages
according to the total buffer length calling sgl_alloc(). After stub
driver receives completed URB, it again sends each SG list entry to
vhci.

If the server's host controller doesn't support SG, stub driver
breaks a single SG request into several URBs and submits them to
the server's host controller. When all the split URBs are completed,
stub driver reassembles the URBs into a single return command and
sends it to vhci.

Moreover, in the situation where vhci supports SG, but stub driver
does not, or vice versa, usbip works normally. Because there is no
protocol modification, there is no problem in communication between
server and client even if the one has a kernel without SG support.

In the case of vhci supports SG and stub driver doesn't, because
vhci sends only the total length of the buffer to stub driver as
it did before the patch applied, stub driver only needs to allocate
the required length of buffers using only kmalloc() regardless of
whether vhci supports SG or not. But stub driver has to allocate
buffer with kmalloc() as much as the total length of SG buffer which
is quite huge when vhci sends SG request, so it has overhead in
buffer allocation in this situation.

If stub driver needs to send data buffer to vhci because of IN pipe,
stub driver also sends only total length of buffer as metadata and
then sends real data as vhci does. Then vhci receive data from stub
driver and store it to the corresponding buffer of SG list entry.

And for the case of stub driver supports SG and vhci doesn't, since
the USB storage driver checks that vhci doesn't support SG and sends
the request to stub driver by splitting the SG list into multiple
URBs, stub driver allocates a buffer for each URB with kmalloc() as
it did before this patch.

* Test environment

Test uses two difference machines and two different kernel version
to make mismatch situation between the client and the server where
vhci supports SG, but stub driver does not, or vice versa. All tests
are conducted in both full SG support that both vhci and stub support
SG and half SG support that is the mismatch situation.

 - Test kernel version
    - 5.2-rc6 with SG support
    - 5.1.20-200.fc29.x86_64 without SG support

* SG support test

 - Test devices
    - Super-speed storage device - SanDisk Ultra USB 3.0
    - High-speed storage device - SMI corporation USB 2.0 flash drive

 - Test description

Test read and write operation of mass storage device that uses the
BULK transfer. In test, the client reads and writes files whose size
is over 1G and it works normally.

* Regression test

 - Test devices
    - Super-speed device - Logitech Brio webcam
    - High-speed device  - Logitech C920 HD Pro webcam
    - Full-speed device  - Logitech bluetooth mouse
                         - Britz BR-Orion speaker
    - Low-speed device   - Logitech wired mouse

 - Test description

Moving and click test for mouse. To test the webcam, use gnome-cheese.
To test the speaker, play music and video on the client. All works
normally.

* VUDC compatibility test

VUDC also works well with this patch. Tests are done with two USB
gadget created by CONFIGFS USB gadget. Both use the BULK pipe.

        1. Serial gadget
        2. Mass storage gadget

 - Serial gadget test

Serial gadget on the host sends and receives data using cat command
on the /dev/ttyGS<N>. The client uses minicom to communicate with
the serial gadget.

 - Mass storage gadget test

After connecting the gadget with vhci, use "dd" to test read and
write operation on the client side.

Read  - dd if=/dev/sd<N> iflag=direct of=/dev/null bs=1G count=1
Write - dd if=<my file path> iflag=direct of=/dev/sd<N> bs=1G count=1

Signed-off-by: Suwan Kim <suwan.kim027@gmail.com>
---
v5 - v6
- The patch1 is dropped because Christoph's patch series does what
  patch1 did. And patch1 is no longer needed as vhci doesn't set
  HCD_DMA flag.

- Because the patch1 is dropped, move setting URB_DMA_MAP_SG flag
  from vhci_map_urb_for_dma() which is removed in v6 to
  vhci_send_cmd_submit().

- Add clearing URB_DMA_MAP_SG flag before vhci gives back URB to
  it’s driver to avoid dma unmapping in hcd_unmap_urb_for_dma().

- Rewrite the desxcription about setting URB_DMA_MAP_SG flag in
  commit log.

v4 - v5
- Add the test description about SG support test and regression test
  for other USB devices which have various speed.
- Fix list_del() error in stub_device_cleanup_urbs()
  - when stub_device_cleanup_urbs() calls stub_pirv_pop() to get a
  stub_priv, stub_priv_pop() uses list_del_init() instead of
  list_del(). After getting the stub_priv, stub_device_cleanup_urbs()
  calls stub_free_priv_and_urb() and it checks if list of the
  stub_priv is empty. Because stub_priv_pop() calls list_del_init(),
  stub_free_priv_and_urb() doesn't call list_del()

v3 - v4
- Rewrite the description about the vhci bug with USB 3.0 storage
  device.
- Add the description about the test with VUDC.
- Fix the error message in stub_recv_cmd_unlink().

v2 - v3
- Rewrite the commit log to make it more clear.
- Add the description about the mismatch situation in commit log.
- Run chechpatch.pl and fix errors with coding style and typos.
- Fix the error path of usbip_recv_xbuff() to stop receiving data
  after TCP error occurs.
- Consolidate the duplicated error path in usbip_recv_xbuff() and
  vhci_send_cmd_submit().
- Undo the unnecessary changes
  * Undo the deletion of empty line in stub_send_ret_submit()
  * Move memset() lines in stub_send_ret_submit() to the original
    position.

v1 - v2
- Add the logic that splits single SG request into several URBs in
  stub driver if server’s HC doesn’t support SG.
---
 drivers/usb/usbip/stub.h         |   7 +-
 drivers/usb/usbip/stub_main.c    |  57 ++++++---
 drivers/usb/usbip/stub_rx.c      | 204 ++++++++++++++++++++++---------
 drivers/usb/usbip/stub_tx.c      |  99 +++++++++++----
 drivers/usb/usbip/usbip_common.c |  59 ++++++---
 drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_hcd.c     |  12 +-
 drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_rx.c      |   3 +
 drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_tx.c      |  66 ++++++++--
 8 files changed, 380 insertions(+), 127 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub.h b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub.h
index 35618ceb2791..d11270560c24 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub.h
+++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub.h
@@ -52,7 +52,11 @@ struct stub_priv {
 	unsigned long seqnum;
 	struct list_head list;
 	struct stub_device *sdev;
-	struct urb *urb;
+	struct urb **urbs;
+	struct scatterlist *sgl;
+	int num_urbs;
+	int completed_urbs;
+	int urb_status;
 
 	int unlinking;
 };
@@ -86,6 +90,7 @@ extern struct usb_device_driver stub_driver;
 struct bus_id_priv *get_busid_priv(const char *busid);
 void put_busid_priv(struct bus_id_priv *bid);
 int del_match_busid(char *busid);
+void stub_free_priv_and_urb(struct stub_priv *priv);
 void stub_device_cleanup_urbs(struct stub_device *sdev);
 
 /* stub_rx.c */
diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_main.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_main.c
index 2e4bfccd4bfc..c1c0bbc9f8b1 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_main.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_main.c
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@
 #include <linux/string.h>
 #include <linux/module.h>
 #include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
 
 #include "usbip_common.h"
 #include "stub.h"
@@ -281,13 +282,49 @@ static struct stub_priv *stub_priv_pop_from_listhead(struct list_head *listhead)
 	struct stub_priv *priv, *tmp;
 
 	list_for_each_entry_safe(priv, tmp, listhead, list) {
-		list_del(&priv->list);
+		list_del_init(&priv->list);
 		return priv;
 	}
 
 	return NULL;
 }
 
+void stub_free_priv_and_urb(struct stub_priv *priv)
+{
+	struct urb *urb;
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++) {
+		urb = priv->urbs[i];
+
+		if (!urb)
+			return;
+
+		kfree(urb->setup_packet);
+		urb->setup_packet = NULL;
+
+
+		if (urb->transfer_buffer && !priv->sgl) {
+			kfree(urb->transfer_buffer);
+			urb->transfer_buffer = NULL;
+		}
+
+		if (urb->num_sgs) {
+			sgl_free(urb->sg);
+			urb->sg = NULL;
+			urb->num_sgs = 0;
+		}
+
+		usb_free_urb(urb);
+	}
+	if (!list_empty(&priv->list))
+		list_del(&priv->list);
+	if (priv->sgl)
+		sgl_free(priv->sgl);
+	kfree(priv->urbs);
+	kmem_cache_free(stub_priv_cache, priv);
+}
+
 static struct stub_priv *stub_priv_pop(struct stub_device *sdev)
 {
 	unsigned long flags;
@@ -314,25 +351,15 @@ static struct stub_priv *stub_priv_pop(struct stub_device *sdev)
 void stub_device_cleanup_urbs(struct stub_device *sdev)
 {
 	struct stub_priv *priv;
-	struct urb *urb;
+	int i;
 
 	dev_dbg(&sdev->udev->dev, "Stub device cleaning up urbs\n");
 
 	while ((priv = stub_priv_pop(sdev))) {
-		urb = priv->urb;
-		dev_dbg(&sdev->udev->dev, "free urb seqnum %lu\n",
-			priv->seqnum);
-		usb_kill_urb(urb);
-
-		kmem_cache_free(stub_priv_cache, priv);
+		for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++)
+			usb_kill_urb(priv->urbs[i]);
 
-		kfree(urb->transfer_buffer);
-		urb->transfer_buffer = NULL;
-
-		kfree(urb->setup_packet);
-		urb->setup_packet = NULL;
-
-		usb_free_urb(urb);
+		stub_free_priv_and_urb(priv);
 	}
 }
 
diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_rx.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_rx.c
index b0a855acafa3..66edfeea68fe 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_rx.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_rx.c
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
 #include <linux/kthread.h>
 #include <linux/usb.h>
 #include <linux/usb/hcd.h>
+#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
 
 #include "usbip_common.h"
 #include "stub.h"
@@ -201,7 +202,7 @@ static void tweak_special_requests(struct urb *urb)
 static int stub_recv_cmd_unlink(struct stub_device *sdev,
 				struct usbip_header *pdu)
 {
-	int ret;
+	int ret, i;
 	unsigned long flags;
 	struct stub_priv *priv;
 
@@ -246,12 +247,14 @@ static int stub_recv_cmd_unlink(struct stub_device *sdev,
 		 * so a driver in a client host will know the failure
 		 * of the unlink request ?
 		 */
-		ret = usb_unlink_urb(priv->urb);
-		if (ret != -EINPROGRESS)
-			dev_err(&priv->urb->dev->dev,
-				"failed to unlink a urb # %lu, ret %d\n",
-				priv->seqnum, ret);
-
+		for (i = priv->completed_urbs; i < priv->num_urbs; i++) {
+			ret = usb_unlink_urb(priv->urbs[i]);
+			if (ret != -EINPROGRESS)
+				dev_err(&priv->urbs[i]->dev->dev,
+					"failed to unlink %d/%d urb of seqnum %lu, ret %d\n",
+					i + 1, priv->num_urbs,
+					priv->seqnum, ret);
+		}
 		return 0;
 	}
 
@@ -433,14 +436,36 @@ static void masking_bogus_flags(struct urb *urb)
 	urb->transfer_flags &= allowed;
 }
 
+static int stub_recv_xbuff(struct usbip_device *ud, struct stub_priv *priv)
+{
+	int ret;
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++) {
+		ret = usbip_recv_xbuff(ud, priv->urbs[i]);
+		if (ret < 0)
+			break;
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
 static void stub_recv_cmd_submit(struct stub_device *sdev,
 				 struct usbip_header *pdu)
 {
-	int ret;
 	struct stub_priv *priv;
 	struct usbip_device *ud = &sdev->ud;
 	struct usb_device *udev = sdev->udev;
+	struct scatterlist *sgl = NULL, *sg;
+	void *buffer = NULL;
+	unsigned long long buf_len;
+	int nents;
+	int num_urbs = 1;
 	int pipe = get_pipe(sdev, pdu);
+	int use_sg = pdu->u.cmd_submit.transfer_flags & URB_DMA_MAP_SG;
+	int support_sg = 1;
+	int np = 0;
+	int ret, i;
 
 	if (pipe == -1)
 		return;
@@ -449,76 +474,139 @@ static void stub_recv_cmd_submit(struct stub_device *sdev,
 	if (!priv)
 		return;
 
-	/* setup a urb */
-	if (usb_pipeisoc(pipe))
-		priv->urb = usb_alloc_urb(pdu->u.cmd_submit.number_of_packets,
-					  GFP_KERNEL);
-	else
-		priv->urb = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
+	buf_len = (unsigned long long)pdu->u.cmd_submit.transfer_buffer_length;
 
-	if (!priv->urb) {
-		usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_MALLOC);
-		return;
+	/* allocate urb transfer buffer, if needed */
+	if (buf_len) {
+		if (use_sg) {
+			sgl = sgl_alloc(buf_len, GFP_KERNEL, &nents);
+			if (!sgl)
+				goto err_malloc;
+		} else {
+			buffer = kzalloc(buf_len, GFP_KERNEL);
+			if (!buffer)
+				goto err_malloc;
+		}
 	}
 
-	/* allocate urb transfer buffer, if needed */
-	if (pdu->u.cmd_submit.transfer_buffer_length > 0) {
-		priv->urb->transfer_buffer =
-			kzalloc(pdu->u.cmd_submit.transfer_buffer_length,
-				GFP_KERNEL);
-		if (!priv->urb->transfer_buffer) {
+	/* Check if the server's HCD supports SG */
+	if (use_sg && !udev->bus->sg_tablesize) {
+		/*
+		 * If the server's HCD doesn't support SG, break a single SG
+		 * request into several URBs and map each SG list entry to
+		 * corresponding URB buffer. The previously allocated SG
+		 * list is stored in priv->sgl (If the server's HCD support SG,
+		 * SG list is stored only in urb->sg) and it is used as an
+		 * indicator that the server split single SG request into
+		 * several URBs. Later, priv->sgl is used by stub_complete() and
+		 * stub_send_ret_submit() to reassemble the divied URBs.
+		 */
+		support_sg = 0;
+		num_urbs = nents;
+		priv->completed_urbs = 0;
+		pdu->u.cmd_submit.transfer_flags &= ~URB_DMA_MAP_SG;
+	}
+
+	/* allocate urb array */
+	priv->num_urbs = num_urbs;
+	priv->urbs = kmalloc_array(num_urbs, sizeof(*priv->urbs), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!priv->urbs)
+		goto err_urbs;
+
+	/* setup a urb */
+	if (support_sg) {
+		if (usb_pipeisoc(pipe))
+			np = pdu->u.cmd_submit.number_of_packets;
+
+		priv->urbs[0] = usb_alloc_urb(np, GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!priv->urbs[0])
+			goto err_urb;
+
+		if (buf_len) {
+			if (use_sg) {
+				priv->urbs[0]->sg = sgl;
+				priv->urbs[0]->num_sgs = nents;
+				priv->urbs[0]->transfer_buffer = NULL;
+			} else {
+				priv->urbs[0]->transfer_buffer = buffer;
+			}
+		}
+
+		/* copy urb setup packet */
+		priv->urbs[0]->setup_packet = kmemdup(&pdu->u.cmd_submit.setup,
+					8, GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!priv->urbs[0]->setup_packet) {
 			usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_MALLOC);
 			return;
 		}
-	}
 
-	/* copy urb setup packet */
-	priv->urb->setup_packet = kmemdup(&pdu->u.cmd_submit.setup, 8,
-					  GFP_KERNEL);
-	if (!priv->urb->setup_packet) {
-		dev_err(&udev->dev, "allocate setup_packet\n");
-		usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_MALLOC);
-		return;
+		usbip_pack_pdu(pdu, priv->urbs[0], USBIP_CMD_SUBMIT, 0);
+	} else {
+		for_each_sg(sgl, sg, nents, i) {
+			priv->urbs[i] = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
+			/* The URBs which is previously allocated will be freed
+			 * in stub_device_cleanup_urbs() if error occurs.
+			 */
+			if (!priv->urbs[i])
+				goto err_urb;
+
+			usbip_pack_pdu(pdu, priv->urbs[i], USBIP_CMD_SUBMIT, 0);
+			priv->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer = sg_virt(sg);
+			priv->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer_length = sg->length;
+		}
+		priv->sgl = sgl;
 	}
 
-	/* set other members from the base header of pdu */
-	priv->urb->context                = (void *) priv;
-	priv->urb->dev                    = udev;
-	priv->urb->pipe                   = pipe;
-	priv->urb->complete               = stub_complete;
+	for (i = 0; i < num_urbs; i++) {
+		/* set other members from the base header of pdu */
+		priv->urbs[i]->context = (void *) priv;
+		priv->urbs[i]->dev = udev;
+		priv->urbs[i]->pipe = pipe;
+		priv->urbs[i]->complete = stub_complete;
 
-	usbip_pack_pdu(pdu, priv->urb, USBIP_CMD_SUBMIT, 0);
+		/* no need to submit an intercepted request, but harmless? */
+		tweak_special_requests(priv->urbs[i]);
 
+		masking_bogus_flags(priv->urbs[i]);
+	}
 
-	if (usbip_recv_xbuff(ud, priv->urb) < 0)
+	if (stub_recv_xbuff(ud, priv) < 0)
 		return;
 
-	if (usbip_recv_iso(ud, priv->urb) < 0)
+	if (usbip_recv_iso(ud, priv->urbs[0]) < 0)
 		return;
 
-	/* no need to submit an intercepted request, but harmless? */
-	tweak_special_requests(priv->urb);
-
-	masking_bogus_flags(priv->urb);
 	/* urb is now ready to submit */
-	ret = usb_submit_urb(priv->urb, GFP_KERNEL);
-
-	if (ret == 0)
-		usbip_dbg_stub_rx("submit urb ok, seqnum %u\n",
-				  pdu->base.seqnum);
-	else {
-		dev_err(&udev->dev, "submit_urb error, %d\n", ret);
-		usbip_dump_header(pdu);
-		usbip_dump_urb(priv->urb);
-
-		/*
-		 * Pessimistic.
-		 * This connection will be discarded.
-		 */
-		usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_SUBMIT);
+	for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++) {
+		ret = usb_submit_urb(priv->urbs[i], GFP_KERNEL);
+
+		if (ret == 0)
+			usbip_dbg_stub_rx("submit urb ok, seqnum %u\n",
+					pdu->base.seqnum);
+		else {
+			dev_err(&udev->dev, "submit_urb error, %d\n", ret);
+			usbip_dump_header(pdu);
+			usbip_dump_urb(priv->urbs[i]);
+
+			/*
+			 * Pessimistic.
+			 * This connection will be discarded.
+			 */
+			usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_SUBMIT);
+			break;
+		}
 	}
 
 	usbip_dbg_stub_rx("Leave\n");
+	return;
+
+err_urb:
+	kfree(priv->urbs);
+err_urbs:
+	kfree(buffer);
+	sgl_free(sgl);
+err_malloc:
+	usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_MALLOC);
 }
 
 /* recv a pdu */
diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_tx.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_tx.c
index f0ec41a50cbc..36010a82b359 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_tx.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_tx.c
@@ -5,25 +5,11 @@
 
 #include <linux/kthread.h>
 #include <linux/socket.h>
+#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
 
 #include "usbip_common.h"
 #include "stub.h"
 
-static void stub_free_priv_and_urb(struct stub_priv *priv)
-{
-	struct urb *urb = priv->urb;
-
-	kfree(urb->setup_packet);
-	urb->setup_packet = NULL;
-
-	kfree(urb->transfer_buffer);
-	urb->transfer_buffer = NULL;
-
-	list_del(&priv->list);
-	kmem_cache_free(stub_priv_cache, priv);
-	usb_free_urb(urb);
-}
-
 /* be in spin_lock_irqsave(&sdev->priv_lock, flags) */
 void stub_enqueue_ret_unlink(struct stub_device *sdev, __u32 seqnum,
 			     __u32 status)
@@ -85,6 +71,22 @@ void stub_complete(struct urb *urb)
 		break;
 	}
 
+	/*
+	 * If the server breaks single SG request into the several URBs, the
+	 * URBs must be reassembled before sending completed URB to the vhci.
+	 * Don't wake up the tx thread until all the URBs are completed.
+	 */
+	if (priv->sgl) {
+		priv->completed_urbs++;
+
+		/* Only save the first error status */
+		if (urb->status && !priv->urb_status)
+			priv->urb_status = urb->status;
+
+		if (priv->completed_urbs < priv->num_urbs)
+			return;
+	}
+
 	/* link a urb to the queue of tx. */
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&sdev->priv_lock, flags);
 	if (sdev->ud.tcp_socket == NULL) {
@@ -156,18 +158,22 @@ static int stub_send_ret_submit(struct stub_device *sdev)
 	size_t total_size = 0;
 
 	while ((priv = dequeue_from_priv_tx(sdev)) != NULL) {
-		int ret;
-		struct urb *urb = priv->urb;
+		struct urb *urb = priv->urbs[0];
 		struct usbip_header pdu_header;
 		struct usbip_iso_packet_descriptor *iso_buffer = NULL;
 		struct kvec *iov = NULL;
+		struct scatterlist *sg;
+		u32 actual_length = 0;
 		int iovnum = 0;
+		int ret;
+		int i;
 
 		txsize = 0;
 		memset(&pdu_header, 0, sizeof(pdu_header));
 		memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
 
-		if (urb->actual_length > 0 && !urb->transfer_buffer) {
+		if (urb->actual_length > 0 && !urb->transfer_buffer &&
+		   !urb->num_sgs) {
 			dev_err(&sdev->udev->dev,
 				"urb: actual_length %d transfer_buffer null\n",
 				urb->actual_length);
@@ -176,6 +182,11 @@ static int stub_send_ret_submit(struct stub_device *sdev)
 
 		if (usb_pipetype(urb->pipe) == PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS)
 			iovnum = 2 + urb->number_of_packets;
+		else if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) && urb->actual_length > 0 &&
+			urb->num_sgs)
+			iovnum = 1 + urb->num_sgs;
+		else if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) && priv->sgl)
+			iovnum = 1 + priv->num_urbs;
 		else
 			iovnum = 2;
 
@@ -192,6 +203,15 @@ static int stub_send_ret_submit(struct stub_device *sdev)
 		setup_ret_submit_pdu(&pdu_header, urb);
 		usbip_dbg_stub_tx("setup txdata seqnum: %d\n",
 				  pdu_header.base.seqnum);
+
+		if (priv->sgl) {
+			for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++)
+				actual_length += priv->urbs[i]->actual_length;
+
+			pdu_header.u.ret_submit.status = priv->urb_status;
+			pdu_header.u.ret_submit.actual_length = actual_length;
+		}
+
 		usbip_header_correct_endian(&pdu_header, 1);
 
 		iov[iovnum].iov_base = &pdu_header;
@@ -200,12 +220,47 @@ static int stub_send_ret_submit(struct stub_device *sdev)
 		txsize += sizeof(pdu_header);
 
 		/* 2. setup transfer buffer */
-		if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) &&
+		if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) && priv->sgl) {
+			/* If the server split a single SG request into several
+			 * URBs because the server's HCD doesn't support SG,
+			 * reassemble the split URB buffers into a single
+			 * return command.
+			 */
+			for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++) {
+				iov[iovnum].iov_base =
+					priv->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer;
+				iov[iovnum].iov_len =
+					priv->urbs[i]->actual_length;
+				iovnum++;
+			}
+			txsize += actual_length;
+		} else if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) &&
 		    usb_pipetype(urb->pipe) != PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS &&
 		    urb->actual_length > 0) {
-			iov[iovnum].iov_base = urb->transfer_buffer;
-			iov[iovnum].iov_len  = urb->actual_length;
-			iovnum++;
+			if (urb->num_sgs) {
+				unsigned int copy = urb->actual_length;
+				int size;
+
+				for_each_sg(urb->sg, sg, urb->num_sgs, i) {
+					if (copy == 0)
+						break;
+
+					if (copy < sg->length)
+						size = copy;
+					else
+						size = sg->length;
+
+					iov[iovnum].iov_base = sg_virt(sg);
+					iov[iovnum].iov_len = size;
+
+					iovnum++;
+					copy -= size;
+				}
+			} else {
+				iov[iovnum].iov_base = urb->transfer_buffer;
+				iov[iovnum].iov_len  = urb->actual_length;
+				iovnum++;
+			}
 			txsize += urb->actual_length;
 		} else if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) &&
 			   usb_pipetype(urb->pipe) == PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS) {
diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/usbip_common.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/usbip_common.c
index 45da3e01c7b0..6532d68e8808 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/usbip/usbip_common.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/usbip_common.c
@@ -680,8 +680,12 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usbip_pad_iso);
 /* some members of urb must be substituted before. */
 int usbip_recv_xbuff(struct usbip_device *ud, struct urb *urb)
 {
-	int ret;
+	struct scatterlist *sg;
+	int ret = 0;
+	int recv;
 	int size;
+	int copy;
+	int i;
 
 	if (ud->side == USBIP_STUB || ud->side == USBIP_VUDC) {
 		/* the direction of urb must be OUT. */
@@ -701,29 +705,48 @@ int usbip_recv_xbuff(struct usbip_device *ud, struct urb *urb)
 	if (!(size > 0))
 		return 0;
 
-	if (size > urb->transfer_buffer_length) {
+	if (size > urb->transfer_buffer_length)
 		/* should not happen, probably malicious packet */
-		if (ud->side == USBIP_STUB) {
-			usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
-			return 0;
-		} else {
-			usbip_event_add(ud, VDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
-			return -EPIPE;
-		}
-	}
+		goto error;
 
-	ret = usbip_recv(ud->tcp_socket, urb->transfer_buffer, size);
-	if (ret != size) {
-		dev_err(&urb->dev->dev, "recv xbuf, %d\n", ret);
-		if (ud->side == USBIP_STUB || ud->side == USBIP_VUDC) {
-			usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
-		} else {
-			usbip_event_add(ud, VDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
-			return -EPIPE;
+	if (urb->num_sgs) {
+		copy = size;
+		for_each_sg(urb->sg, sg, urb->num_sgs, i) {
+			int recv_size;
+
+			if (copy < sg->length)
+				recv_size = copy;
+			else
+				recv_size = sg->length;
+
+			recv = usbip_recv(ud->tcp_socket, sg_virt(sg),
+						recv_size);
+
+			if (recv != recv_size)
+				goto error;
+
+			copy -= recv;
+			ret += recv;
 		}
+
+		if (ret != size)
+			goto error;
+	} else {
+		ret = usbip_recv(ud->tcp_socket, urb->transfer_buffer, size);
+		if (ret != size)
+			goto error;
 	}
 
 	return ret;
+
+error:
+	dev_err(&urb->dev->dev, "recv xbuf, %d\n", ret);
+	if (ud->side == USBIP_STUB || ud->side == USBIP_VUDC)
+		usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
+	else
+		usbip_event_add(ud, VDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
+
+	return -EPIPE;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usbip_recv_xbuff);
 
diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_hcd.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_hcd.c
index 000ab7225717..585a84d319bd 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_hcd.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_hcd.c
@@ -697,7 +697,8 @@ static int vhci_urb_enqueue(struct usb_hcd *hcd, struct urb *urb, gfp_t mem_flag
 	}
 	vdev = &vhci_hcd->vdev[portnum-1];
 
-	if (!urb->transfer_buffer && urb->transfer_buffer_length) {
+	if (!urb->transfer_buffer && !urb->num_sgs &&
+	     urb->transfer_buffer_length) {
 		dev_dbg(dev, "Null URB transfer buffer\n");
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
@@ -1143,6 +1144,15 @@ static int vhci_setup(struct usb_hcd *hcd)
 		hcd->speed = HCD_USB3;
 		hcd->self.root_hub->speed = USB_SPEED_SUPER;
 	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Support SG.
+	 * sg_tablesize is an arbitrary value to alleviate memory pressure
+	 * on the host.
+	 */
+	hcd->self.sg_tablesize = 32;
+	hcd->self.no_sg_constraint = 1;
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_rx.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_rx.c
index 44cd64518925..33f8972ba842 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_rx.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_rx.c
@@ -90,6 +90,9 @@ static void vhci_recv_ret_submit(struct vhci_device *vdev,
 	if (usbip_dbg_flag_vhci_rx)
 		usbip_dump_urb(urb);
 
+	if (urb->num_sgs)
+		urb->transfer_flags &= ~URB_DMA_MAP_SG;
+
 	usbip_dbg_vhci_rx("now giveback urb %u\n", pdu->base.seqnum);
 
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&vhci->lock, flags);
diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_tx.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_tx.c
index 2fa26d0578d7..f9c92e042874 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_tx.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_tx.c
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
 
 #include <linux/kthread.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
 
 #include "usbip_common.h"
 #include "vhci.h"
@@ -50,19 +51,23 @@ static struct vhci_priv *dequeue_from_priv_tx(struct vhci_device *vdev)
 
 static int vhci_send_cmd_submit(struct vhci_device *vdev)
 {
+	struct usbip_iso_packet_descriptor *iso_buffer = NULL;
 	struct vhci_priv *priv = NULL;
+	struct scatterlist *sg;
 
 	struct msghdr msg;
-	struct kvec iov[3];
+	struct kvec *iov;
 	size_t txsize;
 
 	size_t total_size = 0;
+	int iovnum;
+	int err = -ENOMEM;
+	int i;
 
 	while ((priv = dequeue_from_priv_tx(vdev)) != NULL) {
 		int ret;
 		struct urb *urb = priv->urb;
 		struct usbip_header pdu_header;
-		struct usbip_iso_packet_descriptor *iso_buffer = NULL;
 
 		txsize = 0;
 		memset(&pdu_header, 0, sizeof(pdu_header));
@@ -72,18 +77,45 @@ static int vhci_send_cmd_submit(struct vhci_device *vdev)
 		usbip_dbg_vhci_tx("setup txdata urb seqnum %lu\n",
 				  priv->seqnum);
 
+		if (urb->num_sgs && usb_pipeout(urb->pipe))
+			iovnum = 2 + urb->num_sgs;
+		else
+			iovnum = 3;
+
+		if (urb->num_sgs)
+			urb->transfer_flags |= URB_DMA_MAP_SG;
+
+		iov = kcalloc(iovnum, sizeof(*iov), GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!iov) {
+			usbip_event_add(&vdev->ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_MALLOC);
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		}
+
 		/* 1. setup usbip_header */
 		setup_cmd_submit_pdu(&pdu_header, urb);
 		usbip_header_correct_endian(&pdu_header, 1);
+		iovnum = 0;
 
-		iov[0].iov_base = &pdu_header;
-		iov[0].iov_len  = sizeof(pdu_header);
+		iov[iovnum].iov_base = &pdu_header;
+		iov[iovnum].iov_len  = sizeof(pdu_header);
 		txsize += sizeof(pdu_header);
+		iovnum++;
 
 		/* 2. setup transfer buffer */
 		if (!usb_pipein(urb->pipe) && urb->transfer_buffer_length > 0) {
-			iov[1].iov_base = urb->transfer_buffer;
-			iov[1].iov_len  = urb->transfer_buffer_length;
+			if (urb->num_sgs &&
+				      !usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc(&urb->ep->desc)) {
+				for_each_sg(urb->sg, sg, urb->num_sgs, i) {
+					iov[iovnum].iov_base = sg_virt(sg);
+					iov[iovnum].iov_len = sg->length;
+					iovnum++;
+				}
+			} else {
+				iov[iovnum].iov_base = urb->transfer_buffer;
+				iov[iovnum].iov_len  =
+						urb->transfer_buffer_length;
+				iovnum++;
+			}
 			txsize += urb->transfer_buffer_length;
 		}
 
@@ -95,23 +127,26 @@ static int vhci_send_cmd_submit(struct vhci_device *vdev)
 			if (!iso_buffer) {
 				usbip_event_add(&vdev->ud,
 						SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_MALLOC);
-				return -1;
+				goto err_iso_buffer;
 			}
 
-			iov[2].iov_base = iso_buffer;
-			iov[2].iov_len  = len;
+			iov[iovnum].iov_base = iso_buffer;
+			iov[iovnum].iov_len  = len;
+			iovnum++;
 			txsize += len;
 		}
 
-		ret = kernel_sendmsg(vdev->ud.tcp_socket, &msg, iov, 3, txsize);
+		ret = kernel_sendmsg(vdev->ud.tcp_socket, &msg, iov, iovnum,
+				     txsize);
 		if (ret != txsize) {
 			pr_err("sendmsg failed!, ret=%d for %zd\n", ret,
 			       txsize);
-			kfree(iso_buffer);
 			usbip_event_add(&vdev->ud, VDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
-			return -1;
+			err = -EPIPE;
+			goto err_tx;
 		}
 
+		kfree(iov);
 		kfree(iso_buffer);
 		usbip_dbg_vhci_tx("send txdata\n");
 
@@ -119,6 +154,13 @@ static int vhci_send_cmd_submit(struct vhci_device *vdev)
 	}
 
 	return total_size;
+
+err_tx:
+	kfree(iso_buffer);
+err_iso_buffer:
+	kfree(iov);
+
+	return err;
 }
 
 static struct vhci_unlink *dequeue_from_unlink_tx(struct vhci_device *vdev)
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v6] usbip: Implement SG support to vhci-hcd and stub driver
  2019-08-22 22:11 [PATCH v6] usbip: Implement SG support to vhci-hcd and stub driver Suwan Kim
@ 2019-08-24 19:41 ` shuah
  2019-08-26 13:53   ` Suwan Kim
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: shuah @ 2019-08-24 19:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Suwan Kim, valentina.manea.m, gregkh, stern
  Cc: linux-usb, linux-kernel, shuah

Hi Suwan,

Thanks for the patch. A few comments.

On 8/22/19 4:11 PM, Suwan Kim wrote:
> There are bugs on vhci with usb 3.0 storage device. In USB, each SG
> list entry buffer should be divisible by the bulk max packet size.
> But with native SG support, this problem doesn't matter because the
> SG buffer is treated as contiguous buffer. But without native SG
> support, USB storage driver breaks SG list into several URBs and the
> error occurs because of a buffer size of URB that cannot be divided
> by the bulk max packet size. The error situation is as follows.
> 
> When USB Storage driver requests 31.5 KB data and has SG list which
> has 3584 bytes buffer followed by 7 4096 bytes buffer for some
> reason. USB Storage driver splits this SG list into several URBs
> because VHCI doesn't support SG and sends them separately. So the
> first URB buffer size is 3584 bytes. When receiving data from device,
> USB 3.0 device sends data packet of 1024 bytes size because the max
> packet size of BULK pipe is 1024 bytes. So device sends 4096 bytes.
> But the first URB buffer has only 3584 bytes buffer size. So host
> controller terminates the transfer even though there is more data to
> receive. So, vhci needs to support SG transfer to prevent this error.
> 
> In this patch, vhci supports SG regardless of whether the server's
> host controller supports SG or not, because stub driver splits SG
> list into several URBs if the server's host controller doesn't
> support SG.
> 
> To support SG, vhci sets URB_DMA_MAP_SG flag in urb->transfer_flags
> if URB has SG list and this flag will tell stub driver to use SG
> list. After receiving urb from stub driver, vhci clear URB_DMA_MAP_SG
> flag to avoid unnecessary dma unmapping in HCD.
> 
> vhci sends each SG list entry to stub driver. Then, stub driver sees
> the total length of the buffer and allocates SG table and pages
> according to the total buffer length calling sgl_alloc(). After stub
> driver receives completed URB, it again sends each SG list entry to
> vhci.
> 
> If the server's host controller doesn't support SG, stub driver
> breaks a single SG request into several URBs and submits them to
> the server's host controller. When all the split URBs are completed,
> stub driver reassembles the URBs into a single return command and
> sends it to vhci.
> 
> Moreover, in the situation where vhci supports SG, but stub driver
> does not, or vice versa, usbip works normally. Because there is no
> protocol modification, there is no problem in communication between
> server and client even if the one has a kernel without SG support.
> 
> In the case of vhci supports SG and stub driver doesn't, because
> vhci sends only the total length of the buffer to stub driver as
> it did before the patch applied, stub driver only needs to allocate
> the required length of buffers using only kmalloc() regardless of
> whether vhci supports SG or not. But stub driver has to allocate
> buffer with kmalloc() as much as the total length of SG buffer which
> is quite huge when vhci sends SG request, so it has overhead in
> buffer allocation in this situation.
> 
> If stub driver needs to send data buffer to vhci because of IN pipe,
> stub driver also sends only total length of buffer as metadata and
> then sends real data as vhci does. Then vhci receive data from stub
> driver and store it to the corresponding buffer of SG list entry.
> 
> And for the case of stub driver supports SG and vhci doesn't, since
> the USB storage driver checks that vhci doesn't support SG and sends
> the request to stub driver by splitting the SG list into multiple
> URBs, stub driver allocates a buffer for each URB with kmalloc() as
> it did before this patch.
> 
> * Test environment
> 
> Test uses two difference machines and two different kernel version
> to make mismatch situation between the client and the server where
> vhci supports SG, but stub driver does not, or vice versa. All tests
> are conducted in both full SG support that both vhci and stub support
> SG and half SG support that is the mismatch situation.
> 
>   - Test kernel version
>      - 5.2-rc6 with SG support
>      - 5.1.20-200.fc29.x86_64 without SG support
> 

Please test this patch with 5.3-rc6 and with Christoph's DMA changes.

> * SG support test
> 
>   - Test devices
>      - Super-speed storage device - SanDisk Ultra USB 3.0
>      - High-speed storage device - SMI corporation USB 2.0 flash drive
> 
>   - Test description
> 
> Test read and write operation of mass storage device that uses the
> BULK transfer. In test, the client reads and writes files whose size
> is over 1G and it works normally.
> 
> * Regression test
> 
>   - Test devices
>      - Super-speed device - Logitech Brio webcam
>      - High-speed device  - Logitech C920 HD Pro webcam
>      - Full-speed device  - Logitech bluetooth mouse
>                           - Britz BR-Orion speaker
>      - Low-speed device   - Logitech wired mouse
> 
>   - Test description
> 
> Moving and click test for mouse. To test the webcam, use gnome-cheese.
> To test the speaker, play music and video on the client. All works
> normally.
> 
> * VUDC compatibility test
> 
> VUDC also works well with this patch. Tests are done with two USB
> gadget created by CONFIGFS USB gadget. Both use the BULK pipe.
> 
>          1. Serial gadget
>          2. Mass storage gadget
> 
>   - Serial gadget test
> 
> Serial gadget on the host sends and receives data using cat command
> on the /dev/ttyGS<N>. The client uses minicom to communicate with
> the serial gadget.
> 
>   - Mass storage gadget test
> 
> After connecting the gadget with vhci, use "dd" to test read and
> write operation on the client side.
> 
> Read  - dd if=/dev/sd<N> iflag=direct of=/dev/null bs=1G count=1
> Write - dd if=<my file path> iflag=direct of=/dev/sd<N> bs=1G count=1
> 
> Signed-off-by: Suwan Kim <suwan.kim027@gmail.com>
> ---
> v5 - v6
> - The patch1 is dropped because Christoph's patch series does what
>    patch1 did. And patch1 is no longer needed as vhci doesn't set
>    HCD_DMA flag.
> 
> - Because the patch1 is dropped, move setting URB_DMA_MAP_SG flag
>    from vhci_map_urb_for_dma() which is removed in v6 to
>    vhci_send_cmd_submit().

Assuming you meant "moved" Wasn't clear what you meant by "removed
in v6 to vhci_send_cmd_submit()."

> 
> - Add clearing URB_DMA_MAP_SG flag before vhci gives back URB to
>    it’s driver to avoid dma unmapping in hcd_unmap_urb_for_dma().
> 

Please see comment - I think the flag set should be moved down
after kalloc.

> - Rewrite the desxcription about setting URB_DMA_MAP_SG flag in
>    commit log.
> 
> v4 - v5
> - Add the test description about SG support test and regression test
>    for other USB devices which have various speed.
> - Fix list_del() error in stub_device_cleanup_urbs()
>    - when stub_device_cleanup_urbs() calls stub_pirv_pop() to get a
>    stub_priv, stub_priv_pop() uses list_del_init() instead of
>    list_del(). After getting the stub_priv, stub_device_cleanup_urbs()
>    calls stub_free_priv_and_urb() and it checks if list of the
>    stub_priv is empty. Because stub_priv_pop() calls list_del_init(),
>    stub_free_priv_and_urb() doesn't call list_del()
> 
> v3 - v4
> - Rewrite the description about the vhci bug with USB 3.0 storage
>    device.
> - Add the description about the test with VUDC.
> - Fix the error message in stub_recv_cmd_unlink().
> 
> v2 - v3
> - Rewrite the commit log to make it more clear.
> - Add the description about the mismatch situation in commit log.
> - Run chechpatch.pl and fix errors with coding style and typos.
> - Fix the error path of usbip_recv_xbuff() to stop receiving data
>    after TCP error occurs.
> - Consolidate the duplicated error path in usbip_recv_xbuff() and
>    vhci_send_cmd_submit().
> - Undo the unnecessary changes
>    * Undo the deletion of empty line in stub_send_ret_submit()
>    * Move memset() lines in stub_send_ret_submit() to the original
>      position.
> 
> v1 - v2
> - Add the logic that splits single SG request into several URBs in
>    stub driver if server’s HC doesn’t support SG.
> ---
>   drivers/usb/usbip/stub.h         |   7 +-
>   drivers/usb/usbip/stub_main.c    |  57 ++++++---
>   drivers/usb/usbip/stub_rx.c      | 204 ++++++++++++++++++++++---------
>   drivers/usb/usbip/stub_tx.c      |  99 +++++++++++----
>   drivers/usb/usbip/usbip_common.c |  59 ++++++---
>   drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_hcd.c     |  12 +-
>   drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_rx.c      |   3 +
>   drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_tx.c      |  66 ++++++++--
>   8 files changed, 380 insertions(+), 127 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub.h b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub.h
> index 35618ceb2791..d11270560c24 100644
> --- a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub.h
> +++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub.h
> @@ -52,7 +52,11 @@ struct stub_priv {
>   	unsigned long seqnum;
>   	struct list_head list;
>   	struct stub_device *sdev;
> -	struct urb *urb;
> +	struct urb **urbs;
> +	struct scatterlist *sgl;
> +	int num_urbs;
> +	int completed_urbs;
> +	int urb_status;
>   
>   	int unlinking;
>   };
> @@ -86,6 +90,7 @@ extern struct usb_device_driver stub_driver;
>   struct bus_id_priv *get_busid_priv(const char *busid);
>   void put_busid_priv(struct bus_id_priv *bid);
>   int del_match_busid(char *busid);
> +void stub_free_priv_and_urb(struct stub_priv *priv);
>   void stub_device_cleanup_urbs(struct stub_device *sdev);
>   
>   /* stub_rx.c */
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_main.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_main.c
> index 2e4bfccd4bfc..c1c0bbc9f8b1 100644
> --- a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_main.c
> +++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_main.c
> @@ -6,6 +6,7 @@
>   #include <linux/string.h>
>   #include <linux/module.h>
>   #include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
>   
>   #include "usbip_common.h"
>   #include "stub.h"
> @@ -281,13 +282,49 @@ static struct stub_priv *stub_priv_pop_from_listhead(struct list_head *listhead)
>   	struct stub_priv *priv, *tmp;
>   
>   	list_for_each_entry_safe(priv, tmp, listhead, list) {
> -		list_del(&priv->list);
> +		list_del_init(&priv->list);
>   		return priv;
>   	}
>   
>   	return NULL;
>   }
>   
> +void stub_free_priv_and_urb(struct stub_priv *priv)
> +{
> +	struct urb *urb;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++) {
> +		urb = priv->urbs[i];
> +
> +		if (!urb)
> +			return;
> +
> +		kfree(urb->setup_packet);
> +		urb->setup_packet = NULL;
> +
> +
> +		if (urb->transfer_buffer && !priv->sgl) {
> +			kfree(urb->transfer_buffer);
> +			urb->transfer_buffer = NULL;
> +		}
> +
> +		if (urb->num_sgs) {
> +			sgl_free(urb->sg);
> +			urb->sg = NULL;
> +			urb->num_sgs = 0;
> +		}
> +
> +		usb_free_urb(urb);
> +	}
> +	if (!list_empty(&priv->list))
> +		list_del(&priv->list);
> +	if (priv->sgl)
> +		sgl_free(priv->sgl);
> +	kfree(priv->urbs);
> +	kmem_cache_free(stub_priv_cache, priv);
> +}
> +
>   static struct stub_priv *stub_priv_pop(struct stub_device *sdev)
>   {
>   	unsigned long flags;
> @@ -314,25 +351,15 @@ static struct stub_priv *stub_priv_pop(struct stub_device *sdev)
>   void stub_device_cleanup_urbs(struct stub_device *sdev)
>   {
>   	struct stub_priv *priv;
> -	struct urb *urb;
> +	int i;
>   
>   	dev_dbg(&sdev->udev->dev, "Stub device cleaning up urbs\n");
>   
>   	while ((priv = stub_priv_pop(sdev))) {
> -		urb = priv->urb;
> -		dev_dbg(&sdev->udev->dev, "free urb seqnum %lu\n",
> -			priv->seqnum);
> -		usb_kill_urb(urb);
> -
> -		kmem_cache_free(stub_priv_cache, priv);
> +		for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++)
> +			usb_kill_urb(priv->urbs[i]);
>   
> -		kfree(urb->transfer_buffer);
> -		urb->transfer_buffer = NULL;
> -
> -		kfree(urb->setup_packet);
> -		urb->setup_packet = NULL;
> -
> -		usb_free_urb(urb);
> +		stub_free_priv_and_urb(priv);
>   	}
>   }
>   
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_rx.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_rx.c
> index b0a855acafa3..66edfeea68fe 100644
> --- a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_rx.c
> +++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_rx.c
> @@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
>   #include <linux/kthread.h>
>   #include <linux/usb.h>
>   #include <linux/usb/hcd.h>
> +#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
>   
>   #include "usbip_common.h"
>   #include "stub.h"
> @@ -201,7 +202,7 @@ static void tweak_special_requests(struct urb *urb)
>   static int stub_recv_cmd_unlink(struct stub_device *sdev,
>   				struct usbip_header *pdu)
>   {
> -	int ret;
> +	int ret, i;
>   	unsigned long flags;
>   	struct stub_priv *priv;
>   
> @@ -246,12 +247,14 @@ static int stub_recv_cmd_unlink(struct stub_device *sdev,
>   		 * so a driver in a client host will know the failure
>   		 * of the unlink request ?
>   		 */
> -		ret = usb_unlink_urb(priv->urb);
> -		if (ret != -EINPROGRESS)
> -			dev_err(&priv->urb->dev->dev,
> -				"failed to unlink a urb # %lu, ret %d\n",
> -				priv->seqnum, ret);
> -
> +		for (i = priv->completed_urbs; i < priv->num_urbs; i++) {
> +			ret = usb_unlink_urb(priv->urbs[i]);
> +			if (ret != -EINPROGRESS)
> +				dev_err(&priv->urbs[i]->dev->dev,
> +					"failed to unlink %d/%d urb of seqnum %lu, ret %d\n",
> +					i + 1, priv->num_urbs,
> +					priv->seqnum, ret);
> +		}
>   		return 0;
>   	}
>   
> @@ -433,14 +436,36 @@ static void masking_bogus_flags(struct urb *urb)
>   	urb->transfer_flags &= allowed;
>   }
>   
> +static int stub_recv_xbuff(struct usbip_device *ud, struct stub_priv *priv)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++) {
> +		ret = usbip_recv_xbuff(ud, priv->urbs[i]);
> +		if (ret < 0)
> +			break;
> +	}
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
>   static void stub_recv_cmd_submit(struct stub_device *sdev,
>   				 struct usbip_header *pdu)
>   {
> -	int ret;
>   	struct stub_priv *priv;
>   	struct usbip_device *ud = &sdev->ud;
>   	struct usb_device *udev = sdev->udev;
> +	struct scatterlist *sgl = NULL, *sg;
> +	void *buffer = NULL;
> +	unsigned long long buf_len;
> +	int nents;
> +	int num_urbs = 1;
>   	int pipe = get_pipe(sdev, pdu);
> +	int use_sg = pdu->u.cmd_submit.transfer_flags & URB_DMA_MAP_SG;
> +	int support_sg = 1;
> +	int np = 0;
> +	int ret, i;
>   
>   	if (pipe == -1)
>   		return;
> @@ -449,76 +474,139 @@ static void stub_recv_cmd_submit(struct stub_device *sdev,
>   	if (!priv)
>   		return;
>   
> -	/* setup a urb */
> -	if (usb_pipeisoc(pipe))
> -		priv->urb = usb_alloc_urb(pdu->u.cmd_submit.number_of_packets,
> -					  GFP_KERNEL);
> -	else
> -		priv->urb = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
> +	buf_len = (unsigned long long)pdu->u.cmd_submit.transfer_buffer_length;
>   
> -	if (!priv->urb) {
> -		usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_MALLOC);
> -		return;
> +	/* allocate urb transfer buffer, if needed */
> +	if (buf_len) {
> +		if (use_sg) {
> +			sgl = sgl_alloc(buf_len, GFP_KERNEL, &nents);
> +			if (!sgl)
> +				goto err_malloc;
> +		} else {
> +			buffer = kzalloc(buf_len, GFP_KERNEL);
> +			if (!buffer)
> +				goto err_malloc;
> +		}
>   	}
>   
> -	/* allocate urb transfer buffer, if needed */
> -	if (pdu->u.cmd_submit.transfer_buffer_length > 0) {
> -		priv->urb->transfer_buffer =
> -			kzalloc(pdu->u.cmd_submit.transfer_buffer_length,
> -				GFP_KERNEL);
> -		if (!priv->urb->transfer_buffer) {
> +	/* Check if the server's HCD supports SG */
> +	if (use_sg && !udev->bus->sg_tablesize) {
> +		/*
> +		 * If the server's HCD doesn't support SG, break a single SG
> +		 * request into several URBs and map each SG list entry to
> +		 * corresponding URB buffer. The previously allocated SG
> +		 * list is stored in priv->sgl (If the server's HCD support SG,
> +		 * SG list is stored only in urb->sg) and it is used as an
> +		 * indicator that the server split single SG request into
> +		 * several URBs. Later, priv->sgl is used by stub_complete() and
> +		 * stub_send_ret_submit() to reassemble the divied URBs.
> +		 */
> +		support_sg = 0;
> +		num_urbs = nents;
> +		priv->completed_urbs = 0;
> +		pdu->u.cmd_submit.transfer_flags &= ~URB_DMA_MAP_SG;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* allocate urb array */
> +	priv->num_urbs = num_urbs;
> +	priv->urbs = kmalloc_array(num_urbs, sizeof(*priv->urbs), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!priv->urbs)
> +		goto err_urbs;
> +
> +	/* setup a urb */
> +	if (support_sg) {
> +		if (usb_pipeisoc(pipe))
> +			np = pdu->u.cmd_submit.number_of_packets;
> +
> +		priv->urbs[0] = usb_alloc_urb(np, GFP_KERNEL);
> +		if (!priv->urbs[0])
> +			goto err_urb;
> +
> +		if (buf_len) {
> +			if (use_sg) {
> +				priv->urbs[0]->sg = sgl;
> +				priv->urbs[0]->num_sgs = nents;
> +				priv->urbs[0]->transfer_buffer = NULL;
> +			} else {
> +				priv->urbs[0]->transfer_buffer = buffer;
> +			}
> +		}
> +
> +		/* copy urb setup packet */
> +		priv->urbs[0]->setup_packet = kmemdup(&pdu->u.cmd_submit.setup,
> +					8, GFP_KERNEL);
> +		if (!priv->urbs[0]->setup_packet) {
>   			usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_MALLOC);
>   			return;
>   		}
> -	}
>   
> -	/* copy urb setup packet */
> -	priv->urb->setup_packet = kmemdup(&pdu->u.cmd_submit.setup, 8,
> -					  GFP_KERNEL);
> -	if (!priv->urb->setup_packet) {
> -		dev_err(&udev->dev, "allocate setup_packet\n");
> -		usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_MALLOC);
> -		return;
> +		usbip_pack_pdu(pdu, priv->urbs[0], USBIP_CMD_SUBMIT, 0);
> +	} else {
> +		for_each_sg(sgl, sg, nents, i) {
> +			priv->urbs[i] = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
> +			/* The URBs which is previously allocated will be freed
> +			 * in stub_device_cleanup_urbs() if error occurs.
> +			 */
> +			if (!priv->urbs[i])
> +				goto err_urb;
> +
> +			usbip_pack_pdu(pdu, priv->urbs[i], USBIP_CMD_SUBMIT, 0);
> +			priv->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer = sg_virt(sg);
> +			priv->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer_length = sg->length;
> +		}
> +		priv->sgl = sgl;
>   	}
>   
> -	/* set other members from the base header of pdu */
> -	priv->urb->context                = (void *) priv;
> -	priv->urb->dev                    = udev;
> -	priv->urb->pipe                   = pipe;
> -	priv->urb->complete               = stub_complete;
> +	for (i = 0; i < num_urbs; i++) {
> +		/* set other members from the base header of pdu */
> +		priv->urbs[i]->context = (void *) priv;
> +		priv->urbs[i]->dev = udev;
> +		priv->urbs[i]->pipe = pipe;
> +		priv->urbs[i]->complete = stub_complete;
>   
> -	usbip_pack_pdu(pdu, priv->urb, USBIP_CMD_SUBMIT, 0);
> +		/* no need to submit an intercepted request, but harmless? */
> +		tweak_special_requests(priv->urbs[i]);
>   
> +		masking_bogus_flags(priv->urbs[i]);
> +	}
>   
> -	if (usbip_recv_xbuff(ud, priv->urb) < 0)
> +	if (stub_recv_xbuff(ud, priv) < 0)
>   		return;
>   
> -	if (usbip_recv_iso(ud, priv->urb) < 0)
> +	if (usbip_recv_iso(ud, priv->urbs[0]) < 0)
>   		return;
>   
> -	/* no need to submit an intercepted request, but harmless? */
> -	tweak_special_requests(priv->urb);
> -
> -	masking_bogus_flags(priv->urb);
>   	/* urb is now ready to submit */
> -	ret = usb_submit_urb(priv->urb, GFP_KERNEL);
> -
> -	if (ret == 0)
> -		usbip_dbg_stub_rx("submit urb ok, seqnum %u\n",
> -				  pdu->base.seqnum);
> -	else {
> -		dev_err(&udev->dev, "submit_urb error, %d\n", ret);
> -		usbip_dump_header(pdu);
> -		usbip_dump_urb(priv->urb);
> -
> -		/*
> -		 * Pessimistic.
> -		 * This connection will be discarded.
> -		 */
> -		usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_SUBMIT);
> +	for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++) {
> +		ret = usb_submit_urb(priv->urbs[i], GFP_KERNEL);
> +
> +		if (ret == 0)
> +			usbip_dbg_stub_rx("submit urb ok, seqnum %u\n",
> +					pdu->base.seqnum);
> +		else {
> +			dev_err(&udev->dev, "submit_urb error, %d\n", ret);
> +			usbip_dump_header(pdu);
> +			usbip_dump_urb(priv->urbs[i]);
> +
> +			/*
> +			 * Pessimistic.
> +			 * This connection will be discarded.
> +			 */
> +			usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_SUBMIT);
> +			break;
> +		}
>   	}
>   
>   	usbip_dbg_stub_rx("Leave\n");
> +	return;
> +
> +err_urb:
> +	kfree(priv->urbs);
> +err_urbs:
> +	kfree(buffer);
> +	sgl_free(sgl);
> +err_malloc:
> +	usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_MALLOC);
>   }
>   
>   /* recv a pdu */
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_tx.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_tx.c
> index f0ec41a50cbc..36010a82b359 100644
> --- a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_tx.c
> +++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_tx.c
> @@ -5,25 +5,11 @@
>   
>   #include <linux/kthread.h>
>   #include <linux/socket.h>
> +#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
>   
>   #include "usbip_common.h"
>   #include "stub.h"
>   
> -static void stub_free_priv_and_urb(struct stub_priv *priv)
> -{
> -	struct urb *urb = priv->urb;
> -
> -	kfree(urb->setup_packet);
> -	urb->setup_packet = NULL;
> -
> -	kfree(urb->transfer_buffer);
> -	urb->transfer_buffer = NULL;
> -
> -	list_del(&priv->list);
> -	kmem_cache_free(stub_priv_cache, priv);
> -	usb_free_urb(urb);
> -}
> -
>   /* be in spin_lock_irqsave(&sdev->priv_lock, flags) */
>   void stub_enqueue_ret_unlink(struct stub_device *sdev, __u32 seqnum,
>   			     __u32 status)
> @@ -85,6 +71,22 @@ void stub_complete(struct urb *urb)
>   		break;
>   	}
>   
> +	/*
> +	 * If the server breaks single SG request into the several URBs, the
> +	 * URBs must be reassembled before sending completed URB to the vhci.
> +	 * Don't wake up the tx thread until all the URBs are completed.
> +	 */
> +	if (priv->sgl) {
> +		priv->completed_urbs++;
> +
> +		/* Only save the first error status */
> +		if (urb->status && !priv->urb_status)
> +			priv->urb_status = urb->status;
> +
> +		if (priv->completed_urbs < priv->num_urbs)
> +			return;
> +	}
> +
>   	/* link a urb to the queue of tx. */
>   	spin_lock_irqsave(&sdev->priv_lock, flags);
>   	if (sdev->ud.tcp_socket == NULL) {
> @@ -156,18 +158,22 @@ static int stub_send_ret_submit(struct stub_device *sdev)
>   	size_t total_size = 0;
>   
>   	while ((priv = dequeue_from_priv_tx(sdev)) != NULL) {
> -		int ret;
> -		struct urb *urb = priv->urb;
> +		struct urb *urb = priv->urbs[0];
>   		struct usbip_header pdu_header;
>   		struct usbip_iso_packet_descriptor *iso_buffer = NULL;
>   		struct kvec *iov = NULL;
> +		struct scatterlist *sg;
> +		u32 actual_length = 0;
>   		int iovnum = 0;
> +		int ret;
> +		int i;
>   
>   		txsize = 0;
>   		memset(&pdu_header, 0, sizeof(pdu_header));
>   		memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
>   
> -		if (urb->actual_length > 0 && !urb->transfer_buffer) {
> +		if (urb->actual_length > 0 && !urb->transfer_buffer &&
> +		   !urb->num_sgs) {
>   			dev_err(&sdev->udev->dev,
>   				"urb: actual_length %d transfer_buffer null\n",
>   				urb->actual_length);
> @@ -176,6 +182,11 @@ static int stub_send_ret_submit(struct stub_device *sdev)
>   
>   		if (usb_pipetype(urb->pipe) == PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS)
>   			iovnum = 2 + urb->number_of_packets;
> +		else if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) && urb->actual_length > 0 &&
> +			urb->num_sgs)
> +			iovnum = 1 + urb->num_sgs;
> +		else if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) && priv->sgl)
> +			iovnum = 1 + priv->num_urbs;
>   		else
>   			iovnum = 2;
>   
> @@ -192,6 +203,15 @@ static int stub_send_ret_submit(struct stub_device *sdev)
>   		setup_ret_submit_pdu(&pdu_header, urb);
>   		usbip_dbg_stub_tx("setup txdata seqnum: %d\n",
>   				  pdu_header.base.seqnum);
> +
> +		if (priv->sgl) {
> +			for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++)
> +				actual_length += priv->urbs[i]->actual_length;
> +
> +			pdu_header.u.ret_submit.status = priv->urb_status;
> +			pdu_header.u.ret_submit.actual_length = actual_length;
> +		}
> +
>   		usbip_header_correct_endian(&pdu_header, 1);
>   
>   		iov[iovnum].iov_base = &pdu_header;
> @@ -200,12 +220,47 @@ static int stub_send_ret_submit(struct stub_device *sdev)
>   		txsize += sizeof(pdu_header);
>   
>   		/* 2. setup transfer buffer */
> -		if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) &&
> +		if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) && priv->sgl) {
> +			/* If the server split a single SG request into several
> +			 * URBs because the server's HCD doesn't support SG,
> +			 * reassemble the split URB buffers into a single
> +			 * return command.
> +			 */
> +			for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++) {
> +				iov[iovnum].iov_base =
> +					priv->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer;
> +				iov[iovnum].iov_len =
> +					priv->urbs[i]->actual_length;
> +				iovnum++;
> +			}
> +			txsize += actual_length;
> +		} else if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) &&
>   		    usb_pipetype(urb->pipe) != PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS &&
>   		    urb->actual_length > 0) {
> -			iov[iovnum].iov_base = urb->transfer_buffer;
> -			iov[iovnum].iov_len  = urb->actual_length;
> -			iovnum++;
> +			if (urb->num_sgs) {
> +				unsigned int copy = urb->actual_length;
> +				int size;
> +
> +				for_each_sg(urb->sg, sg, urb->num_sgs, i) {
> +					if (copy == 0)
> +						break;
> +
> +					if (copy < sg->length)
> +						size = copy;
> +					else
> +						size = sg->length;
> +
> +					iov[iovnum].iov_base = sg_virt(sg);
> +					iov[iovnum].iov_len = size;
> +
> +					iovnum++;
> +					copy -= size;
> +				}
> +			} else {
> +				iov[iovnum].iov_base = urb->transfer_buffer;
> +				iov[iovnum].iov_len  = urb->actual_length;
> +				iovnum++;
> +			}
>   			txsize += urb->actual_length;
>   		} else if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) &&
>   			   usb_pipetype(urb->pipe) == PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS) {
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/usbip_common.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/usbip_common.c
> index 45da3e01c7b0..6532d68e8808 100644
> --- a/drivers/usb/usbip/usbip_common.c
> +++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/usbip_common.c
> @@ -680,8 +680,12 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usbip_pad_iso);
>   /* some members of urb must be substituted before. */
>   int usbip_recv_xbuff(struct usbip_device *ud, struct urb *urb)
>   {
> -	int ret;
> +	struct scatterlist *sg;
> +	int ret = 0;
> +	int recv;
>   	int size;
> +	int copy;
> +	int i;
>   
>   	if (ud->side == USBIP_STUB || ud->side == USBIP_VUDC) {
>   		/* the direction of urb must be OUT. */
> @@ -701,29 +705,48 @@ int usbip_recv_xbuff(struct usbip_device *ud, struct urb *urb)
>   	if (!(size > 0))
>   		return 0;
>   
> -	if (size > urb->transfer_buffer_length) {
> +	if (size > urb->transfer_buffer_length)
>   		/* should not happen, probably malicious packet */
> -		if (ud->side == USBIP_STUB) {
> -			usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
> -			return 0;
> -		} else {
> -			usbip_event_add(ud, VDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
> -			return -EPIPE;
> -		}
> -	}
> +		goto error;
>   
> -	ret = usbip_recv(ud->tcp_socket, urb->transfer_buffer, size);
> -	if (ret != size) {
> -		dev_err(&urb->dev->dev, "recv xbuf, %d\n", ret);
> -		if (ud->side == USBIP_STUB || ud->side == USBIP_VUDC) {
> -			usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
> -		} else {
> -			usbip_event_add(ud, VDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
> -			return -EPIPE;
> +	if (urb->num_sgs) {
> +		copy = size;
> +		for_each_sg(urb->sg, sg, urb->num_sgs, i) {
> +			int recv_size;
> +
> +			if (copy < sg->length)
> +				recv_size = copy;
> +			else
> +				recv_size = sg->length;
> +
> +			recv = usbip_recv(ud->tcp_socket, sg_virt(sg),
> +						recv_size);
> +
> +			if (recv != recv_size)
> +				goto error;
> +
> +			copy -= recv;
> +			ret += recv;
>   		}
> +
> +		if (ret != size)
> +			goto error;
> +	} else {
> +		ret = usbip_recv(ud->tcp_socket, urb->transfer_buffer, size);
> +		if (ret != size)
> +			goto error;
>   	}
>   
>   	return ret;
> +
> +error:
> +	dev_err(&urb->dev->dev, "recv xbuf, %d\n", ret);
> +	if (ud->side == USBIP_STUB || ud->side == USBIP_VUDC)
> +		usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
> +	else
> +		usbip_event_add(ud, VDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
> +
> +	return -EPIPE;
>   }
>   EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usbip_recv_xbuff);
>   
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_hcd.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_hcd.c
> index 000ab7225717..585a84d319bd 100644
> --- a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_hcd.c
> +++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_hcd.c
> @@ -697,7 +697,8 @@ static int vhci_urb_enqueue(struct usb_hcd *hcd, struct urb *urb, gfp_t mem_flag
>   	}
>   	vdev = &vhci_hcd->vdev[portnum-1];
>   
> -	if (!urb->transfer_buffer && urb->transfer_buffer_length) {
> +	if (!urb->transfer_buffer && !urb->num_sgs &&
> +	     urb->transfer_buffer_length) {
>   		dev_dbg(dev, "Null URB transfer buffer\n");
>   		return -EINVAL;
>   	}
> @@ -1143,6 +1144,15 @@ static int vhci_setup(struct usb_hcd *hcd)
>   		hcd->speed = HCD_USB3;
>   		hcd->self.root_hub->speed = USB_SPEED_SUPER;
>   	}
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Support SG.
> +	 * sg_tablesize is an arbitrary value to alleviate memory pressure
> +	 * on the host.
> +	 */
> +	hcd->self.sg_tablesize = 32;
> +	hcd->self.no_sg_constraint = 1;
> +
>   	return 0;
>   }
>   
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_rx.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_rx.c
> index 44cd64518925..33f8972ba842 100644
> --- a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_rx.c
> +++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_rx.c
> @@ -90,6 +90,9 @@ static void vhci_recv_ret_submit(struct vhci_device *vdev,
>   	if (usbip_dbg_flag_vhci_rx)
>   		usbip_dump_urb(urb);
>   
> +	if (urb->num_sgs)
> +		urb->transfer_flags &= ~URB_DMA_MAP_SG;
> +
>   	usbip_dbg_vhci_rx("now giveback urb %u\n", pdu->base.seqnum);
>   
>   	spin_lock_irqsave(&vhci->lock, flags);
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_tx.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_tx.c
> index 2fa26d0578d7..f9c92e042874 100644
> --- a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_tx.c
> +++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_tx.c
> @@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
>   
>   #include <linux/kthread.h>
>   #include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
>   
>   #include "usbip_common.h"
>   #include "vhci.h"
> @@ -50,19 +51,23 @@ static struct vhci_priv *dequeue_from_priv_tx(struct vhci_device *vdev)
>   
>   static int vhci_send_cmd_submit(struct vhci_device *vdev)
>   {
> +	struct usbip_iso_packet_descriptor *iso_buffer = NULL;
>   	struct vhci_priv *priv = NULL;
> +	struct scatterlist *sg;
>   
>   	struct msghdr msg;
> -	struct kvec iov[3];
> +	struct kvec *iov;
>   	size_t txsize;
>   
>   	size_t total_size = 0;
> +	int iovnum;
> +	int err = -ENOMEM;
> +	int i;
>   
>   	while ((priv = dequeue_from_priv_tx(vdev)) != NULL) {
>   		int ret;
>   		struct urb *urb = priv->urb;
>   		struct usbip_header pdu_header;
> -		struct usbip_iso_packet_descriptor *iso_buffer = NULL;
>   
>   		txsize = 0;
>   		memset(&pdu_header, 0, sizeof(pdu_header));
> @@ -72,18 +77,45 @@ static int vhci_send_cmd_submit(struct vhci_device *vdev)
>   		usbip_dbg_vhci_tx("setup txdata urb seqnum %lu\n",
>   				  priv->seqnum);
>   
> +		if (urb->num_sgs && usb_pipeout(urb->pipe))
> +			iovnum = 2 + urb->num_sgs;
> +		else
> +			iovnum = 3;
> +
> +		if (urb->num_sgs)
> +			urb->transfer_flags |= URB_DMA_MAP_SG;
> +

Move this down after the kcalloc()

> +		iov = kcalloc(iovnum, sizeof(*iov), GFP_KERNEL);
> +		if (!iov) {
> +			usbip_event_add(&vdev->ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_MALLOC);
> +			return -ENOMEM;
> +		}
> +
>   		/* 1. setup usbip_header */
>   		setup_cmd_submit_pdu(&pdu_header, urb);
>   		usbip_header_correct_endian(&pdu_header, 1);
> +		iovnum = 0;
>   
> -		iov[0].iov_base = &pdu_header;
> -		iov[0].iov_len  = sizeof(pdu_header);
> +		iov[iovnum].iov_base = &pdu_header;
> +		iov[iovnum].iov_len  = sizeof(pdu_header);
>   		txsize += sizeof(pdu_header);
> +		iovnum++;
>   
>   		/* 2. setup transfer buffer */
>   		if (!usb_pipein(urb->pipe) && urb->transfer_buffer_length > 0) {
> -			iov[1].iov_base = urb->transfer_buffer;
> -			iov[1].iov_len  = urb->transfer_buffer_length;
> +			if (urb->num_sgs &&
> +				      !usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc(&urb->ep->desc)) {
> +				for_each_sg(urb->sg, sg, urb->num_sgs, i) {
> +					iov[iovnum].iov_base = sg_virt(sg);
> +					iov[iovnum].iov_len = sg->length;
> +					iovnum++;
> +				}
> +			} else {
> +				iov[iovnum].iov_base = urb->transfer_buffer;
> +				iov[iovnum].iov_len  =
> +						urb->transfer_buffer_length;
> +				iovnum++;
> +			}
>   			txsize += urb->transfer_buffer_length;
>   		}
>   
> @@ -95,23 +127,26 @@ static int vhci_send_cmd_submit(struct vhci_device *vdev)
>   			if (!iso_buffer) {
>   				usbip_event_add(&vdev->ud,
>   						SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_MALLOC);
> -				return -1;
> +				goto err_iso_buffer;
>   			}
>   
> -			iov[2].iov_base = iso_buffer;
> -			iov[2].iov_len  = len;
> +			iov[iovnum].iov_base = iso_buffer;
> +			iov[iovnum].iov_len  = len;
> +			iovnum++;
>   			txsize += len;
>   		}
>   
> -		ret = kernel_sendmsg(vdev->ud.tcp_socket, &msg, iov, 3, txsize);
> +		ret = kernel_sendmsg(vdev->ud.tcp_socket, &msg, iov, iovnum,
> +				     txsize);
>   		if (ret != txsize) {
>   			pr_err("sendmsg failed!, ret=%d for %zd\n", ret,
>   			       txsize);
> -			kfree(iso_buffer);
>   			usbip_event_add(&vdev->ud, VDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
> -			return -1;
> +			err = -EPIPE;
> +			goto err_tx;
>   		}
>   
> +		kfree(iov);
>   		kfree(iso_buffer);
>   		usbip_dbg_vhci_tx("send txdata\n");
>   
> @@ -119,6 +154,13 @@ static int vhci_send_cmd_submit(struct vhci_device *vdev)
>   	}
>   
>   	return total_size;
> +
> +err_tx:
> +	kfree(iso_buffer);
> +err_iso_buffer:
> +	kfree(iov);
> +
> +	return err;
>   }
>   
>   static struct vhci_unlink *dequeue_from_unlink_tx(struct vhci_device *vdev)
> 

thanks,
-- Shuah

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v6] usbip: Implement SG support to vhci-hcd and stub driver
  2019-08-24 19:41 ` shuah
@ 2019-08-26 13:53   ` Suwan Kim
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: Suwan Kim @ 2019-08-26 13:53 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: shuah; +Cc: valentina.manea.m, gregkh, stern, linux-usb, linux-kernel

On Sat, Aug 24, 2019 at 01:41:50PM -0600, shuah wrote:
> Hi Suwan,
> 
> Thanks for the patch. A few comments.
> 
> On 8/22/19 4:11 PM, Suwan Kim wrote:
> > There are bugs on vhci with usb 3.0 storage device. In USB, each SG
> > list entry buffer should be divisible by the bulk max packet size.
> > But with native SG support, this problem doesn't matter because the
> > SG buffer is treated as contiguous buffer. But without native SG
> > support, USB storage driver breaks SG list into several URBs and the
> > error occurs because of a buffer size of URB that cannot be divided
> > by the bulk max packet size. The error situation is as follows.
> > 
> > When USB Storage driver requests 31.5 KB data and has SG list which
> > has 3584 bytes buffer followed by 7 4096 bytes buffer for some
> > reason. USB Storage driver splits this SG list into several URBs
> > because VHCI doesn't support SG and sends them separately. So the
> > first URB buffer size is 3584 bytes. When receiving data from device,
> > USB 3.0 device sends data packet of 1024 bytes size because the max
> > packet size of BULK pipe is 1024 bytes. So device sends 4096 bytes.
> > But the first URB buffer has only 3584 bytes buffer size. So host
> > controller terminates the transfer even though there is more data to
> > receive. So, vhci needs to support SG transfer to prevent this error.
> > 
> > In this patch, vhci supports SG regardless of whether the server's
> > host controller supports SG or not, because stub driver splits SG
> > list into several URBs if the server's host controller doesn't
> > support SG.
> > 
> > To support SG, vhci sets URB_DMA_MAP_SG flag in urb->transfer_flags
> > if URB has SG list and this flag will tell stub driver to use SG
> > list. After receiving urb from stub driver, vhci clear URB_DMA_MAP_SG
> > flag to avoid unnecessary dma unmapping in HCD.
> > 
> > vhci sends each SG list entry to stub driver. Then, stub driver sees
> > the total length of the buffer and allocates SG table and pages
> > according to the total buffer length calling sgl_alloc(). After stub
> > driver receives completed URB, it again sends each SG list entry to
> > vhci.
> > 
> > If the server's host controller doesn't support SG, stub driver
> > breaks a single SG request into several URBs and submits them to
> > the server's host controller. When all the split URBs are completed,
> > stub driver reassembles the URBs into a single return command and
> > sends it to vhci.
> > 
> > Moreover, in the situation where vhci supports SG, but stub driver
> > does not, or vice versa, usbip works normally. Because there is no
> > protocol modification, there is no problem in communication between
> > server and client even if the one has a kernel without SG support.
> > 
> > In the case of vhci supports SG and stub driver doesn't, because
> > vhci sends only the total length of the buffer to stub driver as
> > it did before the patch applied, stub driver only needs to allocate
> > the required length of buffers using only kmalloc() regardless of
> > whether vhci supports SG or not. But stub driver has to allocate
> > buffer with kmalloc() as much as the total length of SG buffer which
> > is quite huge when vhci sends SG request, so it has overhead in
> > buffer allocation in this situation.
> > 
> > If stub driver needs to send data buffer to vhci because of IN pipe,
> > stub driver also sends only total length of buffer as metadata and
> > then sends real data as vhci does. Then vhci receive data from stub
> > driver and store it to the corresponding buffer of SG list entry.
> > 
> > And for the case of stub driver supports SG and vhci doesn't, since
> > the USB storage driver checks that vhci doesn't support SG and sends
> > the request to stub driver by splitting the SG list into multiple
> > URBs, stub driver allocates a buffer for each URB with kmalloc() as
> > it did before this patch.
> > 
> > * Test environment
> > 
> > Test uses two difference machines and two different kernel version
> > to make mismatch situation between the client and the server where
> > vhci supports SG, but stub driver does not, or vice versa. All tests
> > are conducted in both full SG support that both vhci and stub support
> > SG and half SG support that is the mismatch situation.
> > 
> >   - Test kernel version
> >      - 5.2-rc6 with SG support
> >      - 5.1.20-200.fc29.x86_64 without SG support
> > 
> 
> Please test this patch with 5.3-rc6 and with Christoph's DMA changes.

I have tested 5.3-rc6 with Christoph's patch series and greg's
usb-next branch (5.3-rc5). It works normally. I will modify commit
log and resend the patch.

> > * SG support test
> > 
> >   - Test devices
> >      - Super-speed storage device - SanDisk Ultra USB 3.0
> >      - High-speed storage device - SMI corporation USB 2.0 flash drive
> > 
> >   - Test description
> > 
> > Test read and write operation of mass storage device that uses the
> > BULK transfer. In test, the client reads and writes files whose size
> > is over 1G and it works normally.
> > 
> > * Regression test
> > 
> >   - Test devices
> >      - Super-speed device - Logitech Brio webcam
> >      - High-speed device  - Logitech C920 HD Pro webcam
> >      - Full-speed device  - Logitech bluetooth mouse
> >                           - Britz BR-Orion speaker
> >      - Low-speed device   - Logitech wired mouse
> > 
> >   - Test description
> > 
> > Moving and click test for mouse. To test the webcam, use gnome-cheese.
> > To test the speaker, play music and video on the client. All works
> > normally.
> > 
> > * VUDC compatibility test
> > 
> > VUDC also works well with this patch. Tests are done with two USB
> > gadget created by CONFIGFS USB gadget. Both use the BULK pipe.
> > 
> >          1. Serial gadget
> >          2. Mass storage gadget
> > 
> >   - Serial gadget test
> > 
> > Serial gadget on the host sends and receives data using cat command
> > on the /dev/ttyGS<N>. The client uses minicom to communicate with
> > the serial gadget.
> > 
> >   - Mass storage gadget test
> > 
> > After connecting the gadget with vhci, use "dd" to test read and
> > write operation on the client side.
> > 
> > Read  - dd if=/dev/sd<N> iflag=direct of=/dev/null bs=1G count=1
> > Write - dd if=<my file path> iflag=direct of=/dev/sd<N> bs=1G count=1
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Suwan Kim <suwan.kim027@gmail.com>
> > ---
> > v5 - v6
> > - The patch1 is dropped because Christoph's patch series does what
> >    patch1 did. And patch1 is no longer needed as vhci doesn't set
> >    HCD_DMA flag.
> > 
> > - Because the patch1 is dropped, move setting URB_DMA_MAP_SG flag
> >    from vhci_map_urb_for_dma() which is removed in v6 to
> >    vhci_send_cmd_submit().
> 
> Assuming you meant "moved" Wasn't clear what you meant by "removed
> in v6 to vhci_send_cmd_submit()."

What I meant was that because vhci_map_urb_for_dma() was removed
in v6, I moved setting flag to vhci_send_cmd_submit().

> > 
> > - Add clearing URB_DMA_MAP_SG flag before vhci gives back URB to
> >    it’s driver to avoid dma unmapping in hcd_unmap_urb_for_dma().
> > 
> 
> Please see comment - I think the flag set should be moved down
> after kalloc.
> 
> > - Rewrite the desxcription about setting URB_DMA_MAP_SG flag in
> >    commit log.
> > 
> > v4 - v5
> > - Add the test description about SG support test and regression test
> >    for other USB devices which have various speed.
> > - Fix list_del() error in stub_device_cleanup_urbs()
> >    - when stub_device_cleanup_urbs() calls stub_pirv_pop() to get a
> >    stub_priv, stub_priv_pop() uses list_del_init() instead of
> >    list_del(). After getting the stub_priv, stub_device_cleanup_urbs()
> >    calls stub_free_priv_and_urb() and it checks if list of the
> >    stub_priv is empty. Because stub_priv_pop() calls list_del_init(),
> >    stub_free_priv_and_urb() doesn't call list_del()
> > 
> > v3 - v4
> > - Rewrite the description about the vhci bug with USB 3.0 storage
> >    device.
> > - Add the description about the test with VUDC.
> > - Fix the error message in stub_recv_cmd_unlink().
> > 
> > v2 - v3
> > - Rewrite the commit log to make it more clear.
> > - Add the description about the mismatch situation in commit log.
> > - Run chechpatch.pl and fix errors with coding style and typos.
> > - Fix the error path of usbip_recv_xbuff() to stop receiving data
> >    after TCP error occurs.
> > - Consolidate the duplicated error path in usbip_recv_xbuff() and
> >    vhci_send_cmd_submit().
> > - Undo the unnecessary changes
> >    * Undo the deletion of empty line in stub_send_ret_submit()
> >    * Move memset() lines in stub_send_ret_submit() to the original
> >      position.
> > 
> > v1 - v2
> > - Add the logic that splits single SG request into several URBs in
> >    stub driver if server’s HC doesn’t support SG.
> > ---
> >   drivers/usb/usbip/stub.h         |   7 +-
> >   drivers/usb/usbip/stub_main.c    |  57 ++++++---
> >   drivers/usb/usbip/stub_rx.c      | 204 ++++++++++++++++++++++---------
> >   drivers/usb/usbip/stub_tx.c      |  99 +++++++++++----
> >   drivers/usb/usbip/usbip_common.c |  59 ++++++---
> >   drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_hcd.c     |  12 +-
> >   drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_rx.c      |   3 +
> >   drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_tx.c      |  66 ++++++++--
> >   8 files changed, 380 insertions(+), 127 deletions(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub.h b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub.h
> > index 35618ceb2791..d11270560c24 100644
> > --- a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub.h
> > +++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub.h
> > @@ -52,7 +52,11 @@ struct stub_priv {
> >   	unsigned long seqnum;
> >   	struct list_head list;
> >   	struct stub_device *sdev;
> > -	struct urb *urb;
> > +	struct urb **urbs;
> > +	struct scatterlist *sgl;
> > +	int num_urbs;
> > +	int completed_urbs;
> > +	int urb_status;
> >   	int unlinking;
> >   };
> > @@ -86,6 +90,7 @@ extern struct usb_device_driver stub_driver;
> >   struct bus_id_priv *get_busid_priv(const char *busid);
> >   void put_busid_priv(struct bus_id_priv *bid);
> >   int del_match_busid(char *busid);
> > +void stub_free_priv_and_urb(struct stub_priv *priv);
> >   void stub_device_cleanup_urbs(struct stub_device *sdev);
> >   /* stub_rx.c */
> > diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_main.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_main.c
> > index 2e4bfccd4bfc..c1c0bbc9f8b1 100644
> > --- a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_main.c
> > +++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_main.c
> > @@ -6,6 +6,7 @@
> >   #include <linux/string.h>
> >   #include <linux/module.h>
> >   #include <linux/device.h>
> > +#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
> >   #include "usbip_common.h"
> >   #include "stub.h"
> > @@ -281,13 +282,49 @@ static struct stub_priv *stub_priv_pop_from_listhead(struct list_head *listhead)
> >   	struct stub_priv *priv, *tmp;
> >   	list_for_each_entry_safe(priv, tmp, listhead, list) {
> > -		list_del(&priv->list);
> > +		list_del_init(&priv->list);
> >   		return priv;
> >   	}
> >   	return NULL;
> >   }
> > +void stub_free_priv_and_urb(struct stub_priv *priv)
> > +{
> > +	struct urb *urb;
> > +	int i;
> > +
> > +	for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++) {
> > +		urb = priv->urbs[i];
> > +
> > +		if (!urb)
> > +			return;
> > +
> > +		kfree(urb->setup_packet);
> > +		urb->setup_packet = NULL;
> > +
> > +
> > +		if (urb->transfer_buffer && !priv->sgl) {
> > +			kfree(urb->transfer_buffer);
> > +			urb->transfer_buffer = NULL;
> > +		}
> > +
> > +		if (urb->num_sgs) {
> > +			sgl_free(urb->sg);
> > +			urb->sg = NULL;
> > +			urb->num_sgs = 0;
> > +		}
> > +
> > +		usb_free_urb(urb);
> > +	}
> > +	if (!list_empty(&priv->list))
> > +		list_del(&priv->list);
> > +	if (priv->sgl)
> > +		sgl_free(priv->sgl);
> > +	kfree(priv->urbs);
> > +	kmem_cache_free(stub_priv_cache, priv);
> > +}
> > +
> >   static struct stub_priv *stub_priv_pop(struct stub_device *sdev)
> >   {
> >   	unsigned long flags;
> > @@ -314,25 +351,15 @@ static struct stub_priv *stub_priv_pop(struct stub_device *sdev)
> >   void stub_device_cleanup_urbs(struct stub_device *sdev)
> >   {
> >   	struct stub_priv *priv;
> > -	struct urb *urb;
> > +	int i;
> >   	dev_dbg(&sdev->udev->dev, "Stub device cleaning up urbs\n");
> >   	while ((priv = stub_priv_pop(sdev))) {
> > -		urb = priv->urb;
> > -		dev_dbg(&sdev->udev->dev, "free urb seqnum %lu\n",
> > -			priv->seqnum);
> > -		usb_kill_urb(urb);
> > -
> > -		kmem_cache_free(stub_priv_cache, priv);
> > +		for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++)
> > +			usb_kill_urb(priv->urbs[i]);
> > -		kfree(urb->transfer_buffer);
> > -		urb->transfer_buffer = NULL;
> > -
> > -		kfree(urb->setup_packet);
> > -		urb->setup_packet = NULL;
> > -
> > -		usb_free_urb(urb);
> > +		stub_free_priv_and_urb(priv);
> >   	}
> >   }
> > diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_rx.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_rx.c
> > index b0a855acafa3..66edfeea68fe 100644
> > --- a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_rx.c
> > +++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_rx.c
> > @@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
> >   #include <linux/kthread.h>
> >   #include <linux/usb.h>
> >   #include <linux/usb/hcd.h>
> > +#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
> >   #include "usbip_common.h"
> >   #include "stub.h"
> > @@ -201,7 +202,7 @@ static void tweak_special_requests(struct urb *urb)
> >   static int stub_recv_cmd_unlink(struct stub_device *sdev,
> >   				struct usbip_header *pdu)
> >   {
> > -	int ret;
> > +	int ret, i;
> >   	unsigned long flags;
> >   	struct stub_priv *priv;
> > @@ -246,12 +247,14 @@ static int stub_recv_cmd_unlink(struct stub_device *sdev,
> >   		 * so a driver in a client host will know the failure
> >   		 * of the unlink request ?
> >   		 */
> > -		ret = usb_unlink_urb(priv->urb);
> > -		if (ret != -EINPROGRESS)
> > -			dev_err(&priv->urb->dev->dev,
> > -				"failed to unlink a urb # %lu, ret %d\n",
> > -				priv->seqnum, ret);
> > -
> > +		for (i = priv->completed_urbs; i < priv->num_urbs; i++) {
> > +			ret = usb_unlink_urb(priv->urbs[i]);
> > +			if (ret != -EINPROGRESS)
> > +				dev_err(&priv->urbs[i]->dev->dev,
> > +					"failed to unlink %d/%d urb of seqnum %lu, ret %d\n",
> > +					i + 1, priv->num_urbs,
> > +					priv->seqnum, ret);
> > +		}
> >   		return 0;
> >   	}
> > @@ -433,14 +436,36 @@ static void masking_bogus_flags(struct urb *urb)
> >   	urb->transfer_flags &= allowed;
> >   }
> > +static int stub_recv_xbuff(struct usbip_device *ud, struct stub_priv *priv)
> > +{
> > +	int ret;
> > +	int i;
> > +
> > +	for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++) {
> > +		ret = usbip_recv_xbuff(ud, priv->urbs[i]);
> > +		if (ret < 0)
> > +			break;
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> >   static void stub_recv_cmd_submit(struct stub_device *sdev,
> >   				 struct usbip_header *pdu)
> >   {
> > -	int ret;
> >   	struct stub_priv *priv;
> >   	struct usbip_device *ud = &sdev->ud;
> >   	struct usb_device *udev = sdev->udev;
> > +	struct scatterlist *sgl = NULL, *sg;
> > +	void *buffer = NULL;
> > +	unsigned long long buf_len;
> > +	int nents;
> > +	int num_urbs = 1;
> >   	int pipe = get_pipe(sdev, pdu);
> > +	int use_sg = pdu->u.cmd_submit.transfer_flags & URB_DMA_MAP_SG;
> > +	int support_sg = 1;
> > +	int np = 0;
> > +	int ret, i;
> >   	if (pipe == -1)
> >   		return;
> > @@ -449,76 +474,139 @@ static void stub_recv_cmd_submit(struct stub_device *sdev,
> >   	if (!priv)
> >   		return;
> > -	/* setup a urb */
> > -	if (usb_pipeisoc(pipe))
> > -		priv->urb = usb_alloc_urb(pdu->u.cmd_submit.number_of_packets,
> > -					  GFP_KERNEL);
> > -	else
> > -		priv->urb = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
> > +	buf_len = (unsigned long long)pdu->u.cmd_submit.transfer_buffer_length;
> > -	if (!priv->urb) {
> > -		usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_MALLOC);
> > -		return;
> > +	/* allocate urb transfer buffer, if needed */
> > +	if (buf_len) {
> > +		if (use_sg) {
> > +			sgl = sgl_alloc(buf_len, GFP_KERNEL, &nents);
> > +			if (!sgl)
> > +				goto err_malloc;
> > +		} else {
> > +			buffer = kzalloc(buf_len, GFP_KERNEL);
> > +			if (!buffer)
> > +				goto err_malloc;
> > +		}
> >   	}
> > -	/* allocate urb transfer buffer, if needed */
> > -	if (pdu->u.cmd_submit.transfer_buffer_length > 0) {
> > -		priv->urb->transfer_buffer =
> > -			kzalloc(pdu->u.cmd_submit.transfer_buffer_length,
> > -				GFP_KERNEL);
> > -		if (!priv->urb->transfer_buffer) {
> > +	/* Check if the server's HCD supports SG */
> > +	if (use_sg && !udev->bus->sg_tablesize) {
> > +		/*
> > +		 * If the server's HCD doesn't support SG, break a single SG
> > +		 * request into several URBs and map each SG list entry to
> > +		 * corresponding URB buffer. The previously allocated SG
> > +		 * list is stored in priv->sgl (If the server's HCD support SG,
> > +		 * SG list is stored only in urb->sg) and it is used as an
> > +		 * indicator that the server split single SG request into
> > +		 * several URBs. Later, priv->sgl is used by stub_complete() and
> > +		 * stub_send_ret_submit() to reassemble the divied URBs.
> > +		 */
> > +		support_sg = 0;
> > +		num_urbs = nents;
> > +		priv->completed_urbs = 0;
> > +		pdu->u.cmd_submit.transfer_flags &= ~URB_DMA_MAP_SG;
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	/* allocate urb array */
> > +	priv->num_urbs = num_urbs;
> > +	priv->urbs = kmalloc_array(num_urbs, sizeof(*priv->urbs), GFP_KERNEL);
> > +	if (!priv->urbs)
> > +		goto err_urbs;
> > +
> > +	/* setup a urb */
> > +	if (support_sg) {
> > +		if (usb_pipeisoc(pipe))
> > +			np = pdu->u.cmd_submit.number_of_packets;
> > +
> > +		priv->urbs[0] = usb_alloc_urb(np, GFP_KERNEL);
> > +		if (!priv->urbs[0])
> > +			goto err_urb;
> > +
> > +		if (buf_len) {
> > +			if (use_sg) {
> > +				priv->urbs[0]->sg = sgl;
> > +				priv->urbs[0]->num_sgs = nents;
> > +				priv->urbs[0]->transfer_buffer = NULL;
> > +			} else {
> > +				priv->urbs[0]->transfer_buffer = buffer;
> > +			}
> > +		}
> > +
> > +		/* copy urb setup packet */
> > +		priv->urbs[0]->setup_packet = kmemdup(&pdu->u.cmd_submit.setup,
> > +					8, GFP_KERNEL);
> > +		if (!priv->urbs[0]->setup_packet) {
> >   			usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_MALLOC);
> >   			return;
> >   		}
> > -	}
> > -	/* copy urb setup packet */
> > -	priv->urb->setup_packet = kmemdup(&pdu->u.cmd_submit.setup, 8,
> > -					  GFP_KERNEL);
> > -	if (!priv->urb->setup_packet) {
> > -		dev_err(&udev->dev, "allocate setup_packet\n");
> > -		usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_MALLOC);
> > -		return;
> > +		usbip_pack_pdu(pdu, priv->urbs[0], USBIP_CMD_SUBMIT, 0);
> > +	} else {
> > +		for_each_sg(sgl, sg, nents, i) {
> > +			priv->urbs[i] = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
> > +			/* The URBs which is previously allocated will be freed
> > +			 * in stub_device_cleanup_urbs() if error occurs.
> > +			 */
> > +			if (!priv->urbs[i])
> > +				goto err_urb;
> > +
> > +			usbip_pack_pdu(pdu, priv->urbs[i], USBIP_CMD_SUBMIT, 0);
> > +			priv->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer = sg_virt(sg);
> > +			priv->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer_length = sg->length;
> > +		}
> > +		priv->sgl = sgl;
> >   	}
> > -	/* set other members from the base header of pdu */
> > -	priv->urb->context                = (void *) priv;
> > -	priv->urb->dev                    = udev;
> > -	priv->urb->pipe                   = pipe;
> > -	priv->urb->complete               = stub_complete;
> > +	for (i = 0; i < num_urbs; i++) {
> > +		/* set other members from the base header of pdu */
> > +		priv->urbs[i]->context = (void *) priv;
> > +		priv->urbs[i]->dev = udev;
> > +		priv->urbs[i]->pipe = pipe;
> > +		priv->urbs[i]->complete = stub_complete;
> > -	usbip_pack_pdu(pdu, priv->urb, USBIP_CMD_SUBMIT, 0);
> > +		/* no need to submit an intercepted request, but harmless? */
> > +		tweak_special_requests(priv->urbs[i]);
> > +		masking_bogus_flags(priv->urbs[i]);
> > +	}
> > -	if (usbip_recv_xbuff(ud, priv->urb) < 0)
> > +	if (stub_recv_xbuff(ud, priv) < 0)
> >   		return;
> > -	if (usbip_recv_iso(ud, priv->urb) < 0)
> > +	if (usbip_recv_iso(ud, priv->urbs[0]) < 0)
> >   		return;
> > -	/* no need to submit an intercepted request, but harmless? */
> > -	tweak_special_requests(priv->urb);
> > -
> > -	masking_bogus_flags(priv->urb);
> >   	/* urb is now ready to submit */
> > -	ret = usb_submit_urb(priv->urb, GFP_KERNEL);
> > -
> > -	if (ret == 0)
> > -		usbip_dbg_stub_rx("submit urb ok, seqnum %u\n",
> > -				  pdu->base.seqnum);
> > -	else {
> > -		dev_err(&udev->dev, "submit_urb error, %d\n", ret);
> > -		usbip_dump_header(pdu);
> > -		usbip_dump_urb(priv->urb);
> > -
> > -		/*
> > -		 * Pessimistic.
> > -		 * This connection will be discarded.
> > -		 */
> > -		usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_SUBMIT);
> > +	for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++) {
> > +		ret = usb_submit_urb(priv->urbs[i], GFP_KERNEL);
> > +
> > +		if (ret == 0)
> > +			usbip_dbg_stub_rx("submit urb ok, seqnum %u\n",
> > +					pdu->base.seqnum);
> > +		else {
> > +			dev_err(&udev->dev, "submit_urb error, %d\n", ret);
> > +			usbip_dump_header(pdu);
> > +			usbip_dump_urb(priv->urbs[i]);
> > +
> > +			/*
> > +			 * Pessimistic.
> > +			 * This connection will be discarded.
> > +			 */
> > +			usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_SUBMIT);
> > +			break;
> > +		}
> >   	}
> >   	usbip_dbg_stub_rx("Leave\n");
> > +	return;
> > +
> > +err_urb:
> > +	kfree(priv->urbs);
> > +err_urbs:
> > +	kfree(buffer);
> > +	sgl_free(sgl);
> > +err_malloc:
> > +	usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_MALLOC);
> >   }
> >   /* recv a pdu */
> > diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_tx.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_tx.c
> > index f0ec41a50cbc..36010a82b359 100644
> > --- a/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_tx.c
> > +++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/stub_tx.c
> > @@ -5,25 +5,11 @@
> >   #include <linux/kthread.h>
> >   #include <linux/socket.h>
> > +#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
> >   #include "usbip_common.h"
> >   #include "stub.h"
> > -static void stub_free_priv_and_urb(struct stub_priv *priv)
> > -{
> > -	struct urb *urb = priv->urb;
> > -
> > -	kfree(urb->setup_packet);
> > -	urb->setup_packet = NULL;
> > -
> > -	kfree(urb->transfer_buffer);
> > -	urb->transfer_buffer = NULL;
> > -
> > -	list_del(&priv->list);
> > -	kmem_cache_free(stub_priv_cache, priv);
> > -	usb_free_urb(urb);
> > -}
> > -
> >   /* be in spin_lock_irqsave(&sdev->priv_lock, flags) */
> >   void stub_enqueue_ret_unlink(struct stub_device *sdev, __u32 seqnum,
> >   			     __u32 status)
> > @@ -85,6 +71,22 @@ void stub_complete(struct urb *urb)
> >   		break;
> >   	}
> > +	/*
> > +	 * If the server breaks single SG request into the several URBs, the
> > +	 * URBs must be reassembled before sending completed URB to the vhci.
> > +	 * Don't wake up the tx thread until all the URBs are completed.
> > +	 */
> > +	if (priv->sgl) {
> > +		priv->completed_urbs++;
> > +
> > +		/* Only save the first error status */
> > +		if (urb->status && !priv->urb_status)
> > +			priv->urb_status = urb->status;
> > +
> > +		if (priv->completed_urbs < priv->num_urbs)
> > +			return;
> > +	}
> > +
> >   	/* link a urb to the queue of tx. */
> >   	spin_lock_irqsave(&sdev->priv_lock, flags);
> >   	if (sdev->ud.tcp_socket == NULL) {
> > @@ -156,18 +158,22 @@ static int stub_send_ret_submit(struct stub_device *sdev)
> >   	size_t total_size = 0;
> >   	while ((priv = dequeue_from_priv_tx(sdev)) != NULL) {
> > -		int ret;
> > -		struct urb *urb = priv->urb;
> > +		struct urb *urb = priv->urbs[0];
> >   		struct usbip_header pdu_header;
> >   		struct usbip_iso_packet_descriptor *iso_buffer = NULL;
> >   		struct kvec *iov = NULL;
> > +		struct scatterlist *sg;
> > +		u32 actual_length = 0;
> >   		int iovnum = 0;
> > +		int ret;
> > +		int i;
> >   		txsize = 0;
> >   		memset(&pdu_header, 0, sizeof(pdu_header));
> >   		memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
> > -		if (urb->actual_length > 0 && !urb->transfer_buffer) {
> > +		if (urb->actual_length > 0 && !urb->transfer_buffer &&
> > +		   !urb->num_sgs) {
> >   			dev_err(&sdev->udev->dev,
> >   				"urb: actual_length %d transfer_buffer null\n",
> >   				urb->actual_length);
> > @@ -176,6 +182,11 @@ static int stub_send_ret_submit(struct stub_device *sdev)
> >   		if (usb_pipetype(urb->pipe) == PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS)
> >   			iovnum = 2 + urb->number_of_packets;
> > +		else if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) && urb->actual_length > 0 &&
> > +			urb->num_sgs)
> > +			iovnum = 1 + urb->num_sgs;
> > +		else if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) && priv->sgl)
> > +			iovnum = 1 + priv->num_urbs;
> >   		else
> >   			iovnum = 2;
> > @@ -192,6 +203,15 @@ static int stub_send_ret_submit(struct stub_device *sdev)
> >   		setup_ret_submit_pdu(&pdu_header, urb);
> >   		usbip_dbg_stub_tx("setup txdata seqnum: %d\n",
> >   				  pdu_header.base.seqnum);
> > +
> > +		if (priv->sgl) {
> > +			for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++)
> > +				actual_length += priv->urbs[i]->actual_length;
> > +
> > +			pdu_header.u.ret_submit.status = priv->urb_status;
> > +			pdu_header.u.ret_submit.actual_length = actual_length;
> > +		}
> > +
> >   		usbip_header_correct_endian(&pdu_header, 1);
> >   		iov[iovnum].iov_base = &pdu_header;
> > @@ -200,12 +220,47 @@ static int stub_send_ret_submit(struct stub_device *sdev)
> >   		txsize += sizeof(pdu_header);
> >   		/* 2. setup transfer buffer */
> > -		if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) &&
> > +		if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) && priv->sgl) {
> > +			/* If the server split a single SG request into several
> > +			 * URBs because the server's HCD doesn't support SG,
> > +			 * reassemble the split URB buffers into a single
> > +			 * return command.
> > +			 */
> > +			for (i = 0; i < priv->num_urbs; i++) {
> > +				iov[iovnum].iov_base =
> > +					priv->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer;
> > +				iov[iovnum].iov_len =
> > +					priv->urbs[i]->actual_length;
> > +				iovnum++;
> > +			}
> > +			txsize += actual_length;
> > +		} else if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) &&
> >   		    usb_pipetype(urb->pipe) != PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS &&
> >   		    urb->actual_length > 0) {
> > -			iov[iovnum].iov_base = urb->transfer_buffer;
> > -			iov[iovnum].iov_len  = urb->actual_length;
> > -			iovnum++;
> > +			if (urb->num_sgs) {
> > +				unsigned int copy = urb->actual_length;
> > +				int size;
> > +
> > +				for_each_sg(urb->sg, sg, urb->num_sgs, i) {
> > +					if (copy == 0)
> > +						break;
> > +
> > +					if (copy < sg->length)
> > +						size = copy;
> > +					else
> > +						size = sg->length;
> > +
> > +					iov[iovnum].iov_base = sg_virt(sg);
> > +					iov[iovnum].iov_len = size;
> > +
> > +					iovnum++;
> > +					copy -= size;
> > +				}
> > +			} else {
> > +				iov[iovnum].iov_base = urb->transfer_buffer;
> > +				iov[iovnum].iov_len  = urb->actual_length;
> > +				iovnum++;
> > +			}
> >   			txsize += urb->actual_length;
> >   		} else if (usb_pipein(urb->pipe) &&
> >   			   usb_pipetype(urb->pipe) == PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS) {
> > diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/usbip_common.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/usbip_common.c
> > index 45da3e01c7b0..6532d68e8808 100644
> > --- a/drivers/usb/usbip/usbip_common.c
> > +++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/usbip_common.c
> > @@ -680,8 +680,12 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usbip_pad_iso);
> >   /* some members of urb must be substituted before. */
> >   int usbip_recv_xbuff(struct usbip_device *ud, struct urb *urb)
> >   {
> > -	int ret;
> > +	struct scatterlist *sg;
> > +	int ret = 0;
> > +	int recv;
> >   	int size;
> > +	int copy;
> > +	int i;
> >   	if (ud->side == USBIP_STUB || ud->side == USBIP_VUDC) {
> >   		/* the direction of urb must be OUT. */
> > @@ -701,29 +705,48 @@ int usbip_recv_xbuff(struct usbip_device *ud, struct urb *urb)
> >   	if (!(size > 0))
> >   		return 0;
> > -	if (size > urb->transfer_buffer_length) {
> > +	if (size > urb->transfer_buffer_length)
> >   		/* should not happen, probably malicious packet */
> > -		if (ud->side == USBIP_STUB) {
> > -			usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
> > -			return 0;
> > -		} else {
> > -			usbip_event_add(ud, VDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
> > -			return -EPIPE;
> > -		}
> > -	}
> > +		goto error;
> > -	ret = usbip_recv(ud->tcp_socket, urb->transfer_buffer, size);
> > -	if (ret != size) {
> > -		dev_err(&urb->dev->dev, "recv xbuf, %d\n", ret);
> > -		if (ud->side == USBIP_STUB || ud->side == USBIP_VUDC) {
> > -			usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
> > -		} else {
> > -			usbip_event_add(ud, VDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
> > -			return -EPIPE;
> > +	if (urb->num_sgs) {
> > +		copy = size;
> > +		for_each_sg(urb->sg, sg, urb->num_sgs, i) {
> > +			int recv_size;
> > +
> > +			if (copy < sg->length)
> > +				recv_size = copy;
> > +			else
> > +				recv_size = sg->length;
> > +
> > +			recv = usbip_recv(ud->tcp_socket, sg_virt(sg),
> > +						recv_size);
> > +
> > +			if (recv != recv_size)
> > +				goto error;
> > +
> > +			copy -= recv;
> > +			ret += recv;
> >   		}
> > +
> > +		if (ret != size)
> > +			goto error;
> > +	} else {
> > +		ret = usbip_recv(ud->tcp_socket, urb->transfer_buffer, size);
> > +		if (ret != size)
> > +			goto error;
> >   	}
> >   	return ret;
> > +
> > +error:
> > +	dev_err(&urb->dev->dev, "recv xbuf, %d\n", ret);
> > +	if (ud->side == USBIP_STUB || ud->side == USBIP_VUDC)
> > +		usbip_event_add(ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
> > +	else
> > +		usbip_event_add(ud, VDEV_EVENT_ERROR_TCP);
> > +
> > +	return -EPIPE;
> >   }
> >   EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usbip_recv_xbuff);
> > diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_hcd.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_hcd.c
> > index 000ab7225717..585a84d319bd 100644
> > --- a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_hcd.c
> > +++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_hcd.c
> > @@ -697,7 +697,8 @@ static int vhci_urb_enqueue(struct usb_hcd *hcd, struct urb *urb, gfp_t mem_flag
> >   	}
> >   	vdev = &vhci_hcd->vdev[portnum-1];
> > -	if (!urb->transfer_buffer && urb->transfer_buffer_length) {
> > +	if (!urb->transfer_buffer && !urb->num_sgs &&
> > +	     urb->transfer_buffer_length) {
> >   		dev_dbg(dev, "Null URB transfer buffer\n");
> >   		return -EINVAL;
> >   	}
> > @@ -1143,6 +1144,15 @@ static int vhci_setup(struct usb_hcd *hcd)
> >   		hcd->speed = HCD_USB3;
> >   		hcd->self.root_hub->speed = USB_SPEED_SUPER;
> >   	}
> > +
> > +	/*
> > +	 * Support SG.
> > +	 * sg_tablesize is an arbitrary value to alleviate memory pressure
> > +	 * on the host.
> > +	 */
> > +	hcd->self.sg_tablesize = 32;
> > +	hcd->self.no_sg_constraint = 1;
> > +
> >   	return 0;
> >   }
> > diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_rx.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_rx.c
> > index 44cd64518925..33f8972ba842 100644
> > --- a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_rx.c
> > +++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_rx.c
> > @@ -90,6 +90,9 @@ static void vhci_recv_ret_submit(struct vhci_device *vdev,
> >   	if (usbip_dbg_flag_vhci_rx)
> >   		usbip_dump_urb(urb);
> > +	if (urb->num_sgs)
> > +		urb->transfer_flags &= ~URB_DMA_MAP_SG;
> > +

I will remove this modification. Please see below comment.

> >   	usbip_dbg_vhci_rx("now giveback urb %u\n", pdu->base.seqnum);
> >   	spin_lock_irqsave(&vhci->lock, flags);
> > diff --git a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_tx.c b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_tx.c
> > index 2fa26d0578d7..f9c92e042874 100644
> > --- a/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_tx.c
> > +++ b/drivers/usb/usbip/vhci_tx.c
> > @@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
> >   #include <linux/kthread.h>
> >   #include <linux/slab.h>
> > +#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
> >   #include "usbip_common.h"
> >   #include "vhci.h"
> > @@ -50,19 +51,23 @@ static struct vhci_priv *dequeue_from_priv_tx(struct vhci_device *vdev)
> >   static int vhci_send_cmd_submit(struct vhci_device *vdev)
> >   {
> > +	struct usbip_iso_packet_descriptor *iso_buffer = NULL;
> >   	struct vhci_priv *priv = NULL;
> > +	struct scatterlist *sg;
> >   	struct msghdr msg;
> > -	struct kvec iov[3];
> > +	struct kvec *iov;
> >   	size_t txsize;
> >   	size_t total_size = 0;
> > +	int iovnum;
> > +	int err = -ENOMEM;
> > +	int i;
> >   	while ((priv = dequeue_from_priv_tx(vdev)) != NULL) {
> >   		int ret;
> >   		struct urb *urb = priv->urb;
> >   		struct usbip_header pdu_header;
> > -		struct usbip_iso_packet_descriptor *iso_buffer = NULL;
> >   		txsize = 0;
> >   		memset(&pdu_header, 0, sizeof(pdu_header));
> > @@ -72,18 +77,45 @@ static int vhci_send_cmd_submit(struct vhci_device *vdev)
> >   		usbip_dbg_vhci_tx("setup txdata urb seqnum %lu\n",
> >   				  priv->seqnum);
> > +		if (urb->num_sgs && usb_pipeout(urb->pipe))
> > +			iovnum = 2 + urb->num_sgs;
> > +		else
> > +			iovnum = 3;
> > +
> > +		if (urb->num_sgs)
> > +			urb->transfer_flags |= URB_DMA_MAP_SG;
> > +
> 
> Move this down after the kcalloc()

You are right. Setting flag should be a part of "setup usbip_header"
And I think the flag should be set inside setup_cmd_submit_pdu().

> > +		iov = kcalloc(iovnum, sizeof(*iov), GFP_KERNEL);
> > +		if (!iov) {
> > +			usbip_event_add(&vdev->ud, SDEV_EVENT_ERROR_MALLOC);
> > +			return -ENOMEM;
> > +		}
> > +
> >   		/* 1. setup usbip_header */
> >   		setup_cmd_submit_pdu(&pdu_header, urb);

The flag should be set in this function.
And I think that it is better to manipulate the flag of pdu_header
rather than modify the urb->transfer_flags directly because if I set
urb->transfer_flags directly, vhci_rx should clear URB_DMA_MAP_SG
flag in order to avoid DMA unmap in HCD.

If I set flag of pdu_header, I can remove clearing URB_DMA_MAP_SG
flag in vhci_recv_ret_submit() that I newly added in v6.

Regards
Suwan Kim

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

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Thread overview: 3+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-08-22 22:11 [PATCH v6] usbip: Implement SG support to vhci-hcd and stub driver Suwan Kim
2019-08-24 19:41 ` shuah
2019-08-26 13:53   ` Suwan Kim

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