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* [RFC 1/1] pmem: Add cond_resched() in bio_for_each_segment loop in pmem_make_request
@ 2020-07-29  8:45 Ritesh Harjani
  2020-08-02 23:01 ` Dave Chinner
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 4+ messages in thread
From: Ritesh Harjani @ 2020-07-29  8:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-nvdimm
  Cc: linux-ext4, linux-xfs, linux-kernel, Ritesh Harjani, Aneesh Kumar K . V

For systems which do not have CONFIG_PREEMPT set and
if there is a heavy multi-threaded load/store operation happening
on pmem + sometimes along with device latencies, softlockup warnings like
this could trigger. This was seen on Power where pagesize is 64K.

To avoid softlockup, this patch adds a cond_resched() in this path.

<...>
watchdog: BUG: soft lockup - CPU#31 stuck for 22s!
<...>
CPU: 31 PID: 15627 <..> 5.3.18-20
<...>
NIP memcpy_power7+0x43c/0x7e0
LR memcpy_flushcache+0x28/0xa0

Call Trace:
memcpy_power7+0x274/0x7e0 (unreliable)
memcpy_flushcache+0x28/0xa0
write_pmem+0xa0/0x100 [nd_pmem]
pmem_do_bvec+0x1f0/0x420 [nd_pmem]
pmem_make_request+0x14c/0x370 [nd_pmem]
generic_make_request+0x164/0x400
submit_bio+0x134/0x2e0
submit_bio_wait+0x70/0xc0
blkdev_issue_zeroout+0xf4/0x2a0
xfs_zero_extent+0x90/0xc0 [xfs]
xfs_bmapi_convert_unwritten+0x198/0x230 [xfs]
xfs_bmapi_write+0x284/0x630 [xfs]
xfs_iomap_write_direct+0x1f0/0x3e0 [xfs]
xfs_file_iomap_begin+0x344/0x690 [xfs]
dax_iomap_pmd_fault+0x488/0xc10
__xfs_filemap_fault+0x26c/0x2b0 [xfs]
__handle_mm_fault+0x794/0x1af0
handle_mm_fault+0x12c/0x220
__do_page_fault+0x290/0xe40
do_page_fault+0x38/0xc0
handle_page_fault+0x10/0x30

Reviewed-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Ritesh Harjani <riteshh@linux.ibm.com>
---
 drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c | 1 +
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)

diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c b/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
index 2df6994acf83..fcf7af13897e 100644
--- a/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
+++ b/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
@@ -214,6 +214,7 @@ static blk_qc_t pmem_make_request(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio)
 			bio->bi_status = rc;
 			break;
 		}
+		cond_resched();
 	}
 	if (do_acct)
 		nd_iostat_end(bio, start);
-- 
2.25.4


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC 1/1] pmem: Add cond_resched() in bio_for_each_segment loop in pmem_make_request
  2020-07-29  8:45 [RFC 1/1] pmem: Add cond_resched() in bio_for_each_segment loop in pmem_make_request Ritesh Harjani
@ 2020-08-02 23:01 ` Dave Chinner
  2020-08-03  7:14   ` Ritesh Harjani
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 4+ messages in thread
From: Dave Chinner @ 2020-08-02 23:01 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ritesh Harjani
  Cc: linux-nvdimm, linux-ext4, linux-xfs, linux-kernel, Aneesh Kumar K . V

On Wed, Jul 29, 2020 at 02:15:18PM +0530, Ritesh Harjani wrote:
> For systems which do not have CONFIG_PREEMPT set and
> if there is a heavy multi-threaded load/store operation happening
> on pmem + sometimes along with device latencies, softlockup warnings like
> this could trigger. This was seen on Power where pagesize is 64K.
> 
> To avoid softlockup, this patch adds a cond_resched() in this path.
> 
> <...>
> watchdog: BUG: soft lockup - CPU#31 stuck for 22s!
> <...>
> CPU: 31 PID: 15627 <..> 5.3.18-20
> <...>
> NIP memcpy_power7+0x43c/0x7e0
> LR memcpy_flushcache+0x28/0xa0
> 
> Call Trace:
> memcpy_power7+0x274/0x7e0 (unreliable)
> memcpy_flushcache+0x28/0xa0
> write_pmem+0xa0/0x100 [nd_pmem]
> pmem_do_bvec+0x1f0/0x420 [nd_pmem]
> pmem_make_request+0x14c/0x370 [nd_pmem]
> generic_make_request+0x164/0x400
> submit_bio+0x134/0x2e0
> submit_bio_wait+0x70/0xc0
> blkdev_issue_zeroout+0xf4/0x2a0
> xfs_zero_extent+0x90/0xc0 [xfs]
> xfs_bmapi_convert_unwritten+0x198/0x230 [xfs]
> xfs_bmapi_write+0x284/0x630 [xfs]
> xfs_iomap_write_direct+0x1f0/0x3e0 [xfs]
> xfs_file_iomap_begin+0x344/0x690 [xfs]
> dax_iomap_pmd_fault+0x488/0xc10
> __xfs_filemap_fault+0x26c/0x2b0 [xfs]
> __handle_mm_fault+0x794/0x1af0
> handle_mm_fault+0x12c/0x220
> __do_page_fault+0x290/0xe40
> do_page_fault+0x38/0xc0
> handle_page_fault+0x10/0x30
> 
> Reviewed-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Ritesh Harjani <riteshh@linux.ibm.com>
> ---
>  drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c | 1 +
>  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c b/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
> index 2df6994acf83..fcf7af13897e 100644
> --- a/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
> +++ b/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
> @@ -214,6 +214,7 @@ static blk_qc_t pmem_make_request(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio)
>  			bio->bi_status = rc;
>  			break;
>  		}
> +		cond_resched();

There are already cond_resched() calls between submitted bios in
blkdev_issue_zeroout() via both __blkdev_issue_zero_pages() and
__blkdev_issue_write_zeroes(), so I'm kinda wondering where the
problem is coming from here.

Just how big is the bio being issued here that it spins for 22s
trying to copy it?

And, really, if the system is that bound on cacheline bouncing that
it prevents memcpy() from making progress, I think we probably
should be issuing a soft lockup warning like this...

Cheers,

Dave.
-- 
Dave Chinner
david@fromorbit.com

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC 1/1] pmem: Add cond_resched() in bio_for_each_segment loop in pmem_make_request
  2020-08-02 23:01 ` Dave Chinner
@ 2020-08-03  7:14   ` Ritesh Harjani
  2020-08-03 21:51     ` Dave Chinner
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 4+ messages in thread
From: Ritesh Harjani @ 2020-08-03  7:14 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dave Chinner
  Cc: linux-nvdimm, linux-ext4, linux-xfs, linux-kernel, Aneesh Kumar K . V



On 8/3/20 4:31 AM, Dave Chinner wrote:
> On Wed, Jul 29, 2020 at 02:15:18PM +0530, Ritesh Harjani wrote:
>> For systems which do not have CONFIG_PREEMPT set and
>> if there is a heavy multi-threaded load/store operation happening
>> on pmem + sometimes along with device latencies, softlockup warnings like
>> this could trigger. This was seen on Power where pagesize is 64K.
>>
>> To avoid softlockup, this patch adds a cond_resched() in this path.
>>
>> <...>
>> watchdog: BUG: soft lockup - CPU#31 stuck for 22s!
>> <...>
>> CPU: 31 PID: 15627 <..> 5.3.18-20
>> <...>
>> NIP memcpy_power7+0x43c/0x7e0
>> LR memcpy_flushcache+0x28/0xa0
>>
>> Call Trace:
>> memcpy_power7+0x274/0x7e0 (unreliable)
>> memcpy_flushcache+0x28/0xa0
>> write_pmem+0xa0/0x100 [nd_pmem]
>> pmem_do_bvec+0x1f0/0x420 [nd_pmem]
>> pmem_make_request+0x14c/0x370 [nd_pmem]
>> generic_make_request+0x164/0x400
>> submit_bio+0x134/0x2e0
>> submit_bio_wait+0x70/0xc0
>> blkdev_issue_zeroout+0xf4/0x2a0
>> xfs_zero_extent+0x90/0xc0 [xfs]
>> xfs_bmapi_convert_unwritten+0x198/0x230 [xfs]
>> xfs_bmapi_write+0x284/0x630 [xfs]
>> xfs_iomap_write_direct+0x1f0/0x3e0 [xfs]
>> xfs_file_iomap_begin+0x344/0x690 [xfs]
>> dax_iomap_pmd_fault+0x488/0xc10
>> __xfs_filemap_fault+0x26c/0x2b0 [xfs]
>> __handle_mm_fault+0x794/0x1af0
>> handle_mm_fault+0x12c/0x220
>> __do_page_fault+0x290/0xe40
>> do_page_fault+0x38/0xc0
>> handle_page_fault+0x10/0x30
>>
>> Reviewed-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Ritesh Harjani <riteshh@linux.ibm.com>
>> ---
>>   drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c | 1 +
>>   1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c b/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
>> index 2df6994acf83..fcf7af13897e 100644
>> --- a/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
>> +++ b/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
>> @@ -214,6 +214,7 @@ static blk_qc_t pmem_make_request(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio)
>>   			bio->bi_status = rc;
>>   			break;
>>   		}
>> +		cond_resched();
> 
> There are already cond_resched() calls between submitted bios in
> blkdev_issue_zeroout() via both __blkdev_issue_zero_pages() and
> __blkdev_issue_write_zeroes(), so I'm kinda wondering where the
> problem is coming from here.

This problem is coming from that bio call- submit_bio()

> 
> Just how big is the bio being issued here that it spins for 22s
> trying to copy it?

It's 256 (due to BIO_MAX_PAGES) * 64KB (pagesize) = 16MB.
So this is definitely not an easy trigger as per tester was mainly seen
on a VM.

Looking at the cond_resched() inside dax_writeback_mapping_range()
in xas_for_each_marked() loop, I thought it should be good to have a
cond_resched() in the above path as well.

Hence an RFC for discussion.

> 
> And, really, if the system is that bound on cacheline bouncing that
> it prevents memcpy() from making progress, I think we probably
> should be issuing a soft lockup warning like this... >
> Cheers,
> 
> Dave.
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC 1/1] pmem: Add cond_resched() in bio_for_each_segment loop in pmem_make_request
  2020-08-03  7:14   ` Ritesh Harjani
@ 2020-08-03 21:51     ` Dave Chinner
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Dave Chinner @ 2020-08-03 21:51 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ritesh Harjani
  Cc: linux-nvdimm, linux-ext4, linux-xfs, linux-kernel, Aneesh Kumar K . V

On Mon, Aug 03, 2020 at 12:44:04PM +0530, Ritesh Harjani wrote:
> 
> 
> On 8/3/20 4:31 AM, Dave Chinner wrote:
> > On Wed, Jul 29, 2020 at 02:15:18PM +0530, Ritesh Harjani wrote:
> > > For systems which do not have CONFIG_PREEMPT set and
> > > if there is a heavy multi-threaded load/store operation happening
> > > on pmem + sometimes along with device latencies, softlockup warnings like
> > > this could trigger. This was seen on Power where pagesize is 64K.
> > > 
> > > To avoid softlockup, this patch adds a cond_resched() in this path.
> > > 
> > > <...>
> > > watchdog: BUG: soft lockup - CPU#31 stuck for 22s!
> > > <...>
> > > CPU: 31 PID: 15627 <..> 5.3.18-20
> > > <...>
> > > NIP memcpy_power7+0x43c/0x7e0
> > > LR memcpy_flushcache+0x28/0xa0
> > > 
> > > Call Trace:
> > > memcpy_power7+0x274/0x7e0 (unreliable)
> > > memcpy_flushcache+0x28/0xa0
> > > write_pmem+0xa0/0x100 [nd_pmem]
> > > pmem_do_bvec+0x1f0/0x420 [nd_pmem]
> > > pmem_make_request+0x14c/0x370 [nd_pmem]
> > > generic_make_request+0x164/0x400
> > > submit_bio+0x134/0x2e0
> > > submit_bio_wait+0x70/0xc0
> > > blkdev_issue_zeroout+0xf4/0x2a0
> > > xfs_zero_extent+0x90/0xc0 [xfs]
> > > xfs_bmapi_convert_unwritten+0x198/0x230 [xfs]
> > > xfs_bmapi_write+0x284/0x630 [xfs]
> > > xfs_iomap_write_direct+0x1f0/0x3e0 [xfs]
> > > xfs_file_iomap_begin+0x344/0x690 [xfs]
> > > dax_iomap_pmd_fault+0x488/0xc10
> > > __xfs_filemap_fault+0x26c/0x2b0 [xfs]
> > > __handle_mm_fault+0x794/0x1af0
> > > handle_mm_fault+0x12c/0x220
> > > __do_page_fault+0x290/0xe40
> > > do_page_fault+0x38/0xc0
> > > handle_page_fault+0x10/0x30
> > > 
> > > Reviewed-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: Ritesh Harjani <riteshh@linux.ibm.com>
> > > ---
> > >   drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c | 1 +
> > >   1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)
> > > 
> > > diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c b/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
> > > index 2df6994acf83..fcf7af13897e 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
> > > @@ -214,6 +214,7 @@ static blk_qc_t pmem_make_request(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio)
> > >   			bio->bi_status = rc;
> > >   			break;
> > >   		}
> > > +		cond_resched();
> > 
> > There are already cond_resched() calls between submitted bios in
> > blkdev_issue_zeroout() via both __blkdev_issue_zero_pages() and
> > __blkdev_issue_write_zeroes(), so I'm kinda wondering where the
> > problem is coming from here.
> 
> This problem is coming from that bio call- submit_bio()
> 
> > 
> > Just how big is the bio being issued here that it spins for 22s
> > trying to copy it?
> 
> It's 256 (due to BIO_MAX_PAGES) * 64KB (pagesize) = 16MB.
> So this is definitely not an easy trigger as per tester was mainly seen
> on a VM.

Right, so a memcpy() of 16MB of data in a single bio is taking >22s?

If so, then you can't solve this problem with cond_resched() - if
something that should only take half a millisecond to run is taking
22s of CPU time, there are bigger problems occurring that need
fixing.

i.e. if someone is running a workload that has effectively
livelocked the hardware cache coherency protocol across the entire
machine, then changing kernel code that requires memory bandwidth to
be available is not going to fix the problem. All is does is shoot
the messenger that tells you there is something going wrong.

> Looking at the cond_resched() inside dax_writeback_mapping_range()
> in xas_for_each_marked() loop, I thought it should be good to have a
> cond_resched() in the above path as well.

That's not done on every page/bio - that'd done every 4096 pages, or
every 256MB of memory written back on 64k page machines. IOWs, using
cond_resched() here is a sensible thing to do if you have a locked
loop that might run for seconds.

Cheers,

Dave.
-- 
Dave Chinner
david@fromorbit.com

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

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Thread overview: 4+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2020-07-29  8:45 [RFC 1/1] pmem: Add cond_resched() in bio_for_each_segment loop in pmem_make_request Ritesh Harjani
2020-08-02 23:01 ` Dave Chinner
2020-08-03  7:14   ` Ritesh Harjani
2020-08-03 21:51     ` Dave Chinner

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