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* [PATCH v2] ftrace: print max callstack
@ 2014-06-02  4:33 Minchan Kim
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: Minchan Kim @ 2014-06-02  4:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Steven Rostedt; +Cc: Ingo Molnar, fweisbec, linux-kernel, Minchan Kim

While I played with my own feature(ex, something on the way to reclaim),
kernel went to oops easily. I guessed reason would be stack overflow
and wanted to prove it.

I found stack tracer which would be very useful for me but kernel went
oops before my user program gather the information via
"watch cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/stack_trace" so I couldn't get any
message from that. What I want was that emit the kernel stack usage
when kernel goes oops so I could find what's the stack hogger.

This patch shows callstack of max stack usage right before oops so
we can find a culprit.

So, the result is as follows.

[ 1116.522206] init: lightdm main process (1246) terminated with status 1
[ 1119.922916] init: failsafe-x main process (1272) terminated with status 1
[ 3887.728131] kworker/u24:1 (6637) used greatest stack depth: 256 bytes left
[ 6397.629227] cc1 (9554) used greatest stack depth: 128 bytes left
[ 7174.467392]         Depth    Size   Location    (47 entries)
[ 7174.467392]         -----    ----   --------
[ 7174.467785]   0)     7248     256   get_page_from_freelist+0xa7/0x920
[ 7174.468506]   1)     6992     352   __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x1cd/0xb20
[ 7174.469224]   2)     6640       8   alloc_pages_current+0x10f/0x1f0
[ 7174.469413]   3)     6632     168   new_slab+0x2c5/0x370
[ 7174.469413]   4)     6464       8   __slab_alloc+0x3a9/0x501
[ 7174.469413]   5)     6456      80   __kmalloc+0x1cb/0x200
[ 7174.469413]   6)     6376     376   vring_add_indirect+0x36/0x200
[ 7174.469413]   7)     6000     144   virtqueue_add_sgs+0x2e2/0x320
[ 7174.469413]   8)     5856     288   __virtblk_add_req+0xda/0x1b0
[ 7174.469413]   9)     5568      96   virtio_queue_rq+0xd3/0x1d0
[ 7174.469413]  10)     5472     128   __blk_mq_run_hw_queue+0x1ef/0x440
[ 7174.469413]  11)     5344      16   blk_mq_run_hw_queue+0x35/0x40
[ 7174.469413]  12)     5328      96   blk_mq_insert_requests+0xdb/0x160
[ 7174.469413]  13)     5232     112   blk_mq_flush_plug_list+0x12b/0x140
[ 7174.469413]  14)     5120     112   blk_flush_plug_list+0xc7/0x220
[ 7174.469413]  15)     5008      64   io_schedule_timeout+0x88/0x100
[ 7174.469413]  16)     4944     128   mempool_alloc+0x145/0x170
[ 7174.469413]  17)     4816      96   bio_alloc_bioset+0x10b/0x1d0
[ 7174.469413]  18)     4720      48   get_swap_bio+0x30/0x90
[ 7174.469413]  19)     4672     160   __swap_writepage+0x150/0x230
[ 7174.469413]  20)     4512      32   swap_writepage+0x42/0x90
[ 7174.469413]  21)     4480     320   shrink_page_list+0x676/0xa80
[ 7174.469413]  22)     4160     208   shrink_inactive_list+0x262/0x4e0
[ 7174.469413]  23)     3952     304   shrink_lruvec+0x3e1/0x6a0
[ 7174.469413]  24)     3648      80   shrink_zone+0x3f/0x110
[ 7174.469413]  25)     3568     128   do_try_to_free_pages+0x156/0x4c0
[ 7174.469413]  26)     3440     208   try_to_free_pages+0xf7/0x1e0
[ 7174.469413]  27)     3232     352   __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x783/0xb20
[ 7174.469413]  28)     2880       8   alloc_pages_current+0x10f/0x1f0
[ 7174.469413]  29)     2872     200   __page_cache_alloc+0x13f/0x160
[ 7174.469413]  30)     2672      80   find_or_create_page+0x4c/0xb0
[ 7174.469413]  31)     2592      80   ext4_mb_load_buddy+0x1e9/0x370
[ 7174.469413]  32)     2512     176   ext4_mb_regular_allocator+0x1b7/0x460
[ 7174.469413]  33)     2336     128   ext4_mb_new_blocks+0x458/0x5f0
[ 7174.469413]  34)     2208     256   ext4_ext_map_blocks+0x70b/0x1010
[ 7174.469413]  35)     1952     160   ext4_map_blocks+0x325/0x530
[ 7174.469413]  36)     1792     384   ext4_writepages+0x6d1/0xce0
[ 7174.469413]  37)     1408      16   do_writepages+0x23/0x40
[ 7174.469413]  38)     1392      96   __writeback_single_inode+0x45/0x2e0
[ 7174.469413]  39)     1296     176   writeback_sb_inodes+0x2ad/0x500
[ 7174.469413]  40)     1120      80   __writeback_inodes_wb+0x9e/0xd0
[ 7174.469413]  41)     1040     160   wb_writeback+0x29b/0x350
[ 7174.469413]  42)      880     208   bdi_writeback_workfn+0x11c/0x480
[ 7174.469413]  43)      672     144   process_one_work+0x1d2/0x570
[ 7174.469413]  44)      528     112   worker_thread+0x116/0x370
[ 7174.469413]  45)      416     240   kthread+0xf3/0x110
[ 7174.469413]  46)      176     176   ret_from_fork+0x7c/0xb0
[ 7174.469413] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[ 7174.469413] kernel BUG at kernel/trace/trace_stack.c:174!
[ 7174.469413] invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
[ 7174.469413] Dumping ftrace buffer:
[ 7174.469413]    (ftrace buffer empty)
[ 7174.469413] Modules linked in:
[ 7174.469413] CPU: 0 PID: 440 Comm: kworker/u24:0 Not tainted 3.14.0+ #212
[ 7174.469413] Hardware name: Bochs Bochs, BIOS Bochs 01/01/2011
[ 7174.469413] Workqueue: writeback bdi_writeback_workfn (flush-253:0)
[ 7174.469413] task: ffff880034170000 ti: ffff880029518000 task.ti: ffff880029518000
[ 7174.469413] RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff8112336e>]  [<ffffffff8112336e>] stack_trace_call+0x2de/0x340
[ 7174.469413] RSP: 0000:ffff880029518290  EFLAGS: 00010046
[ 7174.469413] RAX: 0000000000000030 RBX: 000000000000002f RCX: 0000000000000000
[ 7174.469413] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 000000000000002f RDI: ffffffff810b7159
[ 7174.469413] RBP: ffff8800295182f0 R08: ffffffffffffffff R09: 0000000000000000
[ 7174.469413] R10: 0000000000000001 R11: 0000000000000001 R12: ffffffff82768dfc
[ 7174.469413] R13: 000000000000f2e8 R14: ffff8800295182b8 R15: 00000000000000f8
[ 7174.469413] FS:  0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff880037c00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[ 7174.469413] CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 000000008005003b
[ 7174.469413] CR2: 00002acd0b994000 CR3: 0000000001c0b000 CR4: 00000000000006f0
[ 7174.469413] Stack:
[ 7174.469413]  0000000000000000 ffffffff8114fdb7 0000000000000087 0000000000001c50
[ 7174.469413]  0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
[ 7174.469413]  0000000000000002 ffff880034170000 ffff880034171028 0000000000000000
[ 7174.469413] Call Trace:
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8114fdb7>] ? get_page_from_freelist+0xa7/0x920
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff816eee3f>] ftrace_call+0x5/0x2f
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81165065>] ? next_zones_zonelist+0x5/0x70
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff810a23fa>] ? __bfs+0x11a/0x270
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81165065>] ? next_zones_zonelist+0x5/0x70
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8114fdb7>] ? get_page_from_freelist+0xa7/0x920
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8119092f>] ? alloc_pages_current+0x10f/0x1f0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff811507fd>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x1cd/0xb20
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff810a4de6>] ? check_irq_usage+0x96/0xe0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff816eee3f>] ? ftrace_call+0x5/0x2f
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8119092f>] alloc_pages_current+0x10f/0x1f0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81199cd5>] ? new_slab+0x2c5/0x370
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81199cd5>] new_slab+0x2c5/0x370
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff816eee3f>] ? ftrace_call+0x5/0x2f
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff816db002>] __slab_alloc+0x3a9/0x501
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8119af8b>] ? __kmalloc+0x1cb/0x200
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8141dc46>] ? vring_add_indirect+0x36/0x200
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8141dc46>] ? vring_add_indirect+0x36/0x200
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8141dc46>] ? vring_add_indirect+0x36/0x200
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8119af8b>] __kmalloc+0x1cb/0x200
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8141de10>] ? vring_add_indirect+0x200/0x200
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8141dc46>] vring_add_indirect+0x36/0x200
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8141e402>] virtqueue_add_sgs+0x2e2/0x320
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8148e35a>] __virtblk_add_req+0xda/0x1b0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8148e503>] virtio_queue_rq+0xd3/0x1d0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8134aa0f>] __blk_mq_run_hw_queue+0x1ef/0x440
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8134b0d5>] blk_mq_run_hw_queue+0x35/0x40
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8134b7bb>] blk_mq_insert_requests+0xdb/0x160
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8134be5b>] blk_mq_flush_plug_list+0x12b/0x140
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81342237>] blk_flush_plug_list+0xc7/0x220
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff816e60ef>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x3f/0x70
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff816e16e8>] io_schedule_timeout+0x88/0x100
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff816e1665>] ? io_schedule_timeout+0x5/0x100
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81149415>] mempool_alloc+0x145/0x170
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8109baf0>] ? __init_waitqueue_head+0x60/0x60
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff811e246b>] bio_alloc_bioset+0x10b/0x1d0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81184230>] ? end_swap_bio_read+0xc0/0xc0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81184230>] ? end_swap_bio_read+0xc0/0xc0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81184110>] get_swap_bio+0x30/0x90
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81184230>] ? end_swap_bio_read+0xc0/0xc0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81184660>] __swap_writepage+0x150/0x230
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff810ab405>] ? do_raw_spin_unlock+0x5/0xa0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81184230>] ? end_swap_bio_read+0xc0/0xc0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81184515>] ? __swap_writepage+0x5/0x230
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81184782>] swap_writepage+0x42/0x90
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8115ae96>] shrink_page_list+0x676/0xa80
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff816eee3f>] ? ftrace_call+0x5/0x2f
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8115b872>] shrink_inactive_list+0x262/0x4e0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8115c1c1>] shrink_lruvec+0x3e1/0x6a0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8115c4bf>] shrink_zone+0x3f/0x110
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff816eee3f>] ? ftrace_call+0x5/0x2f
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8115c9e6>] do_try_to_free_pages+0x156/0x4c0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8115cf47>] try_to_free_pages+0xf7/0x1e0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81150db3>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x783/0xb20
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8119092f>] alloc_pages_current+0x10f/0x1f0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81145c0f>] ? __page_cache_alloc+0x13f/0x160
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81145c0f>] __page_cache_alloc+0x13f/0x160
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81146c6c>] find_or_create_page+0x4c/0xb0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff811463e5>] ? find_get_page+0x5/0x130
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff812837b9>] ext4_mb_load_buddy+0x1e9/0x370
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81284c07>] ext4_mb_regular_allocator+0x1b7/0x460
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81281070>] ? ext4_mb_use_preallocated+0x40/0x360
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff816eee3f>] ? ftrace_call+0x5/0x2f
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81287eb8>] ext4_mb_new_blocks+0x458/0x5f0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8127d83b>] ext4_ext_map_blocks+0x70b/0x1010
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff8124e6d5>] ext4_map_blocks+0x325/0x530
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81253871>] ext4_writepages+0x6d1/0xce0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff812531a0>] ? ext4_journalled_write_end+0x330/0x330
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff811539b3>] do_writepages+0x23/0x40
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff811d2365>] __writeback_single_inode+0x45/0x2e0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff811d36ed>] writeback_sb_inodes+0x2ad/0x500
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff811d39de>] __writeback_inodes_wb+0x9e/0xd0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff811d40bb>] wb_writeback+0x29b/0x350
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81057c3d>] ? __local_bh_enable_ip+0x6d/0xd0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff811d6e9c>] bdi_writeback_workfn+0x11c/0x480
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81070610>] ? process_one_work+0x170/0x570
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81070672>] process_one_work+0x1d2/0x570
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81070610>] ? process_one_work+0x170/0x570
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81071bb6>] worker_thread+0x116/0x370
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81071aa0>] ? manage_workers.isra.19+0x2e0/0x2e0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81078e53>] kthread+0xf3/0x110
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81078d60>] ? flush_kthread_worker+0x150/0x150
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff816ef0ec>] ret_from_fork+0x7c/0xb0
[ 7174.469413]  [<ffffffff81078d60>] ? flush_kthread_worker+0x150/0x150
[ 7174.469413] Code: c0 49 bc fc 8d 76 82 ff ff ff ff e8 44 5a 5b 00 31 f6 8b 05 95 2b b3 00 48 39 c6 7d 0e 4c 8b 04 f5 20 5f c5 81 49 83 f8 ff 75 11 <0f> 0b 48 63 05 71 5a 64 01 48 29 c3 e9 d0 fd ff ff 48 8d 5e 01
[ 7174.469413] RIP  [<ffffffff8112336e>] stack_trace_call+0x2de/0x340
[ 7174.469413]  RSP <ffff880029518290>
[ 7174.469413] ---[ end trace c97d325b36b718f3 ]---

* from v1
  - Use printk - Steve
  - Do not break strings due to silly 80 character - Steve

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
---
 kernel/trace/trace_stack.c | 34 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 1 file changed, 30 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_stack.c b/kernel/trace/trace_stack.c
index 21b320e5d163..0e312d7347b9 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_stack.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_stack.c
@@ -51,11 +51,33 @@ static DEFINE_MUTEX(stack_sysctl_mutex);
 int stack_tracer_enabled;
 static int last_stack_tracer_enabled;
 
+static inline void print_max_stack(void)
+{
+	long i;
+	int size;
+
+	pr_emerg("        Depth    Size   Location    (%d entries)\n"
+			   "        -----    ----   --------\n",
+			   max_stack_trace.nr_entries - 1);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < max_stack_trace.nr_entries; i++) {
+		if (stack_dump_trace[i] == ULONG_MAX)
+			break;
+		if (i+1 == max_stack_trace.nr_entries ||
+				stack_dump_trace[i+1] == ULONG_MAX)
+			size = stack_dump_index[i];
+		else
+			size = stack_dump_index[i] - stack_dump_index[i+1];
+
+		pr_emerg("%3ld) %8d   %5d   %pS\n", i, stack_dump_index[i],
+				size, (void *)stack_dump_trace[i]);
+	}
+}
+
 static inline void
 check_stack(unsigned long ip, unsigned long *stack)
 {
-	unsigned long this_size, flags;
-	unsigned long *p, *top, *start;
+	unsigned long this_size, flags; unsigned long *p, *top, *start;
 	static int tracer_frame;
 	int frame_size = ACCESS_ONCE(tracer_frame);
 	int i;
@@ -145,8 +167,12 @@ check_stack(unsigned long ip, unsigned long *stack)
 			i++;
 	}
 
-	BUG_ON(current != &init_task &&
-		*(end_of_stack(current)) != STACK_END_MAGIC);
+	if ((current != &init_task &&
+		*(end_of_stack(current)) != STACK_END_MAGIC)) {
+		print_max_stack();
+		BUG();
+	}
+
  out:
 	arch_spin_unlock(&max_stack_lock);
 	local_irq_restore(flags);
-- 
1.9.2


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