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* [PATCH] memory_hotplug: Free pages as higher order
@ 2018-09-21  9:38 Arun KS
  2018-09-21 15:42 ` Dan Williams
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: Arun KS @ 2018-09-21  9:38 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: kys, haiyangz, sthemmin, boris.ostrovsky, jgross, akpm,
	dan.j.williams, mhocko, vbabka, pasha.tatashin, iamjoonsoo.kim,
	osalvador, malat, yasu.isimatu, devel, linux-kernel, linux-mm,
	xen-devel
  Cc: svaddagi, vinmenon, Arun KS

When free pages are done with higher order, time spend on
coalescing pages by buddy allocator can be reduced. With
section size of 256MB, hot add latency of a single section
shows improvement from 50-60 ms to less than 1 ms, hence
improving the hot add latency by 60%.

Modify external providers of online callback to align with
the change.

Signed-off-by: Arun KS <arunks@codeaurora.org>

---

Changes since RFC:
- Rebase.
- As suggested by Michal Hocko remove pages_per_block.
- Modifed external providers of online_page_callback.

RFC:
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/984754/
---
 drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c        |  6 +++--
 drivers/xen/balloon.c          | 18 +++++++++++---
 include/linux/memory_hotplug.h |  2 +-
 mm/memory_hotplug.c            | 55 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
 4 files changed, 63 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c b/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
index b1b7880..c5bc0b5 100644
--- a/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
+++ b/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
@@ -771,7 +771,7 @@ static void hv_mem_hot_add(unsigned long start, unsigned long size,
 	}
 }
 
-static void hv_online_page(struct page *pg)
+static int hv_online_page(struct page *pg, unsigned int order)
 {
 	struct hv_hotadd_state *has;
 	unsigned long flags;
@@ -783,10 +783,12 @@ static void hv_online_page(struct page *pg)
 		if ((pfn < has->start_pfn) || (pfn >= has->end_pfn))
 			continue;
 
-		hv_page_online_one(has, pg);
+		hv_bring_pgs_online(has, pfn, (1UL << order));
 		break;
 	}
 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dm_device.ha_lock, flags);
+
+	return 0;
 }
 
 static int pfn_covered(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long pfn_cnt)
diff --git a/drivers/xen/balloon.c b/drivers/xen/balloon.c
index e12bb25..010cf4d 100644
--- a/drivers/xen/balloon.c
+++ b/drivers/xen/balloon.c
@@ -390,8 +390,8 @@ static enum bp_state reserve_additional_memory(void)
 
 	/*
 	 * add_memory_resource() will call online_pages() which in its turn
-	 * will call xen_online_page() callback causing deadlock if we don't
-	 * release balloon_mutex here. Unlocking here is safe because the
+	 * will call xen_bring_pgs_online() callback causing deadlock if we
+	 * don't release balloon_mutex here. Unlocking here is safe because the
 	 * callers drop the mutex before trying again.
 	 */
 	mutex_unlock(&balloon_mutex);
@@ -422,6 +422,18 @@ static void xen_online_page(struct page *page)
 	mutex_unlock(&balloon_mutex);
 }
 
+static int xen_bring_pgs_online(struct page *pg, unsigned int order)
+{
+	unsigned long i, size = (1 << order);
+	unsigned long start_pfn = page_to_pfn(pg);
+
+	pr_debug("Online %lu pages starting at pfn 0x%lx\n", size, start_pfn);
+	for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
+		xen_online_page(pfn_to_page(start_pfn + i));
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static int xen_memory_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val, void *v)
 {
 	if (val == MEM_ONLINE)
@@ -744,7 +756,7 @@ static int __init balloon_init(void)
 	balloon_stats.max_retry_count = RETRY_UNLIMITED;
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_XEN_BALLOON_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
-	set_online_page_callback(&xen_online_page);
+	set_online_page_callback(&xen_bring_pgs_online);
 	register_memory_notifier(&xen_memory_nb);
 	register_sysctl_table(xen_root);
 
diff --git a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
index 34a2822..7b04c1d 100644
--- a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
+++ b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
@@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ extern int test_pages_in_a_zone(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn,
 	unsigned long *valid_start, unsigned long *valid_end);
 extern void __offline_isolated_pages(unsigned long, unsigned long);
 
-typedef void (*online_page_callback_t)(struct page *page);
+typedef int (*online_page_callback_t)(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
 
 extern int set_online_page_callback(online_page_callback_t callback);
 extern int restore_online_page_callback(online_page_callback_t callback);
diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index 38d94b7..24c2b8e 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -47,7 +47,7 @@
  * and restore_online_page_callback() for generic callback restore.
  */
 
-static void generic_online_page(struct page *page);
+static int generic_online_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
 
 static online_page_callback_t online_page_callback = generic_online_page;
 static DEFINE_MUTEX(online_page_callback_lock);
@@ -655,26 +655,57 @@ void __online_page_free(struct page *page)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__online_page_free);
 
-static void generic_online_page(struct page *page)
+static int generic_online_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
 {
-	__online_page_set_limits(page);
-	__online_page_increment_counters(page);
-	__online_page_free(page);
+	unsigned long nr_pages = 1 << order;
+	struct page *p = page;
+	unsigned int loop;
+
+	prefetchw(p);
+	for (loop = 0 ; loop < (nr_pages - 1) ; loop++, p++) {
+		prefetch(p + 1);
+		__ClearPageReserved(p);
+		set_page_count(p, 0);
+	}
+	__ClearPageReserved(p);
+	set_page_count(p, 0);
+
+	adjust_managed_page_count(page, nr_pages);
+	set_page_refcounted(page);
+	__free_pages(page, order);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int online_pages_blocks(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages)
+{
+	unsigned long end = start + nr_pages;
+	int order, ret, onlined_pages = 0;
+
+	while (start < end) {
+		order = min(MAX_ORDER - 1UL, __ffs(start));
+
+		while (start + (1UL << order) > end)
+			order--;
+
+		ret = (*online_page_callback)(pfn_to_page(start), order);
+		if (!ret)
+			onlined_pages += (1UL << order);
+		else if (ret > 0)
+			onlined_pages += ret;
+
+		start += (1UL << order);
+	}
+	return onlined_pages;
 }
 
 static int online_pages_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
 			void *arg)
 {
-	unsigned long i;
 	unsigned long onlined_pages = *(unsigned long *)arg;
-	struct page *page;
 
 	if (PageReserved(pfn_to_page(start_pfn)))
-		for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
-			page = pfn_to_page(start_pfn + i);
-			(*online_page_callback)(page);
-			onlined_pages++;
-		}
+		onlined_pages = online_pages_blocks(start_pfn, nr_pages);
 
 	online_mem_sections(start_pfn, start_pfn + nr_pages);
 
-- 
1.9.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] memory_hotplug: Free pages as higher order
  2018-09-21  9:38 [PATCH] memory_hotplug: Free pages as higher order Arun KS
@ 2018-09-21 15:42 ` Dan Williams
  2018-09-24  7:57   ` Arun KS
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2018-09-21 15:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: arunks
  Cc: K. Y. Srinivasan, Haiyang Zhang, Stephen Hemminger,
	Boris Ostrovsky, Juergen Gross, Andrew Morton, Michal Hocko,
	Vlastimil Babka, Pavel Tatashin, Joonsoo Kim, osalvador, malat,
	Yasuaki Ishimatsu, devel, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Linux MM,
	xen-devel, svaddagi, vinmenon

On Fri, Sep 21, 2018 at 2:40 AM Arun KS <arunks@codeaurora.org> wrote:
>
> When free pages are done with higher order, time spend on
> coalescing pages by buddy allocator can be reduced. With
> section size of 256MB, hot add latency of a single section
> shows improvement from 50-60 ms to less than 1 ms, hence
> improving the hot add latency by 60%.
>
> Modify external providers of online callback to align with
> the change.
>
> Signed-off-by: Arun KS <arunks@codeaurora.org>
>
> ---
>
> Changes since RFC:
> - Rebase.
> - As suggested by Michal Hocko remove pages_per_block.
> - Modifed external providers of online_page_callback.
>
> RFC:
> https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/984754/
> ---
>  drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c        |  6 +++--
>  drivers/xen/balloon.c          | 18 +++++++++++---
>  include/linux/memory_hotplug.h |  2 +-
>  mm/memory_hotplug.c            | 55 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
>  4 files changed, 63 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c b/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
> index b1b7880..c5bc0b5 100644
> --- a/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
> +++ b/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
> @@ -771,7 +771,7 @@ static void hv_mem_hot_add(unsigned long start, unsigned long size,
>         }
>  }
>
> -static void hv_online_page(struct page *pg)
> +static int hv_online_page(struct page *pg, unsigned int order)
>  {
>         struct hv_hotadd_state *has;
>         unsigned long flags;
> @@ -783,10 +783,12 @@ static void hv_online_page(struct page *pg)
>                 if ((pfn < has->start_pfn) || (pfn >= has->end_pfn))
>                         continue;
>
> -               hv_page_online_one(has, pg);
> +               hv_bring_pgs_online(has, pfn, (1UL << order));
>                 break;
>         }
>         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dm_device.ha_lock, flags);
> +
> +       return 0;
>  }
>
>  static int pfn_covered(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long pfn_cnt)
> diff --git a/drivers/xen/balloon.c b/drivers/xen/balloon.c
> index e12bb25..010cf4d 100644
> --- a/drivers/xen/balloon.c
> +++ b/drivers/xen/balloon.c
> @@ -390,8 +390,8 @@ static enum bp_state reserve_additional_memory(void)
>
>         /*
>          * add_memory_resource() will call online_pages() which in its turn
> -        * will call xen_online_page() callback causing deadlock if we don't
> -        * release balloon_mutex here. Unlocking here is safe because the
> +        * will call xen_bring_pgs_online() callback causing deadlock if we
> +        * don't release balloon_mutex here. Unlocking here is safe because the
>          * callers drop the mutex before trying again.
>          */
>         mutex_unlock(&balloon_mutex);
> @@ -422,6 +422,18 @@ static void xen_online_page(struct page *page)
>         mutex_unlock(&balloon_mutex);
>  }
>
> +static int xen_bring_pgs_online(struct page *pg, unsigned int order)
> +{
> +       unsigned long i, size = (1 << order);
> +       unsigned long start_pfn = page_to_pfn(pg);
> +
> +       pr_debug("Online %lu pages starting at pfn 0x%lx\n", size, start_pfn);
> +       for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
> +               xen_online_page(pfn_to_page(start_pfn + i));
> +
> +       return 0;
> +}
> +
>  static int xen_memory_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val, void *v)
>  {
>         if (val == MEM_ONLINE)
> @@ -744,7 +756,7 @@ static int __init balloon_init(void)
>         balloon_stats.max_retry_count = RETRY_UNLIMITED;
>
>  #ifdef CONFIG_XEN_BALLOON_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
> -       set_online_page_callback(&xen_online_page);
> +       set_online_page_callback(&xen_bring_pgs_online);
>         register_memory_notifier(&xen_memory_nb);
>         register_sysctl_table(xen_root);
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
> index 34a2822..7b04c1d 100644
> --- a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
> +++ b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
> @@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ extern int test_pages_in_a_zone(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn,
>         unsigned long *valid_start, unsigned long *valid_end);
>  extern void __offline_isolated_pages(unsigned long, unsigned long);
>
> -typedef void (*online_page_callback_t)(struct page *page);
> +typedef int (*online_page_callback_t)(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
>
>  extern int set_online_page_callback(online_page_callback_t callback);
>  extern int restore_online_page_callback(online_page_callback_t callback);
> diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> index 38d94b7..24c2b8e 100644
> --- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> +++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> @@ -47,7 +47,7 @@
>   * and restore_online_page_callback() for generic callback restore.
>   */
>
> -static void generic_online_page(struct page *page);
> +static int generic_online_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
>
>  static online_page_callback_t online_page_callback = generic_online_page;
>  static DEFINE_MUTEX(online_page_callback_lock);
> @@ -655,26 +655,57 @@ void __online_page_free(struct page *page)
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__online_page_free);
>
> -static void generic_online_page(struct page *page)
> +static int generic_online_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
>  {
> -       __online_page_set_limits(page);
> -       __online_page_increment_counters(page);
> -       __online_page_free(page);
> +       unsigned long nr_pages = 1 << order;
> +       struct page *p = page;
> +       unsigned int loop;
> +
> +       prefetchw(p);
> +       for (loop = 0 ; loop < (nr_pages - 1) ; loop++, p++) {
> +               prefetch(p + 1);

Given commits like:

e66eed651fd1 list: remove prefetching from regular list iterators
75d65a425c01 hlist: remove software prefetching in hlist iterators

...are you sure these explicit prefetch() calls are improving
performance? My understanding is that hardware prefetchers don't need
much help these days.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] memory_hotplug: Free pages as higher order
  2018-09-21 15:42 ` Dan Williams
@ 2018-09-24  7:57   ` Arun KS
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: Arun KS @ 2018-09-24  7:57 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dan Williams
  Cc: K. Y. Srinivasan, Haiyang Zhang, Stephen Hemminger,
	Boris Ostrovsky, Juergen Gross, Andrew Morton, Michal Hocko,
	Vlastimil Babka, Pavel Tatashin, Joonsoo Kim, osalvador, malat,
	Yasuaki Ishimatsu, devel, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Linux MM,
	xen-devel, vatsa, vinmenon, getarunks

On 2018-09-21 21:12, Dan Williams wrote:
> On Fri, Sep 21, 2018 at 2:40 AM Arun KS <arunks@codeaurora.org> wrote:
>> 
>> When free pages are done with higher order, time spend on
>> coalescing pages by buddy allocator can be reduced. With
>> section size of 256MB, hot add latency of a single section
>> shows improvement from 50-60 ms to less than 1 ms, hence
>> improving the hot add latency by 60%.
>> 
>> Modify external providers of online callback to align with
>> the change.
>> 
>> Signed-off-by: Arun KS <arunks@codeaurora.org>
>> 
>> ---
>> 
>> Changes since RFC:
>> - Rebase.
>> - As suggested by Michal Hocko remove pages_per_block.
>> - Modifed external providers of online_page_callback.
>> 
>> RFC:
>> https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/984754/
>> ---
>>  drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c        |  6 +++--
>>  drivers/xen/balloon.c          | 18 +++++++++++---
>>  include/linux/memory_hotplug.h |  2 +-
>>  mm/memory_hotplug.c            | 55 
>> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
>>  4 files changed, 63 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)
>> 
>> diff --git a/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c b/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
>> index b1b7880..c5bc0b5 100644
>> --- a/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
>> +++ b/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
>> @@ -771,7 +771,7 @@ static void hv_mem_hot_add(unsigned long start, 
>> unsigned long size,
>>         }
>>  }
>> 
>> -static void hv_online_page(struct page *pg)
>> +static int hv_online_page(struct page *pg, unsigned int order)
>>  {
>>         struct hv_hotadd_state *has;
>>         unsigned long flags;
>> @@ -783,10 +783,12 @@ static void hv_online_page(struct page *pg)
>>                 if ((pfn < has->start_pfn) || (pfn >= has->end_pfn))
>>                         continue;
>> 
>> -               hv_page_online_one(has, pg);
>> +               hv_bring_pgs_online(has, pfn, (1UL << order));
>>                 break;
>>         }
>>         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dm_device.ha_lock, flags);
>> +
>> +       return 0;
>>  }
>> 
>>  static int pfn_covered(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long 
>> pfn_cnt)
>> diff --git a/drivers/xen/balloon.c b/drivers/xen/balloon.c
>> index e12bb25..010cf4d 100644
>> --- a/drivers/xen/balloon.c
>> +++ b/drivers/xen/balloon.c
>> @@ -390,8 +390,8 @@ static enum bp_state 
>> reserve_additional_memory(void)
>> 
>>         /*
>>          * add_memory_resource() will call online_pages() which in its 
>> turn
>> -        * will call xen_online_page() callback causing deadlock if we 
>> don't
>> -        * release balloon_mutex here. Unlocking here is safe because 
>> the
>> +        * will call xen_bring_pgs_online() callback causing deadlock 
>> if we
>> +        * don't release balloon_mutex here. Unlocking here is safe 
>> because the
>>          * callers drop the mutex before trying again.
>>          */
>>         mutex_unlock(&balloon_mutex);
>> @@ -422,6 +422,18 @@ static void xen_online_page(struct page *page)
>>         mutex_unlock(&balloon_mutex);
>>  }
>> 
>> +static int xen_bring_pgs_online(struct page *pg, unsigned int order)
>> +{
>> +       unsigned long i, size = (1 << order);
>> +       unsigned long start_pfn = page_to_pfn(pg);
>> +
>> +       pr_debug("Online %lu pages starting at pfn 0x%lx\n", size, 
>> start_pfn);
>> +       for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
>> +               xen_online_page(pfn_to_page(start_pfn + i));
>> +
>> +       return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>>  static int xen_memory_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned 
>> long val, void *v)
>>  {
>>         if (val == MEM_ONLINE)
>> @@ -744,7 +756,7 @@ static int __init balloon_init(void)
>>         balloon_stats.max_retry_count = RETRY_UNLIMITED;
>> 
>>  #ifdef CONFIG_XEN_BALLOON_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
>> -       set_online_page_callback(&xen_online_page);
>> +       set_online_page_callback(&xen_bring_pgs_online);
>>         register_memory_notifier(&xen_memory_nb);
>>         register_sysctl_table(xen_root);
>> 
>> diff --git a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h 
>> b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
>> index 34a2822..7b04c1d 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
>> @@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ extern int test_pages_in_a_zone(unsigned long 
>> start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn,
>>         unsigned long *valid_start, unsigned long *valid_end);
>>  extern void __offline_isolated_pages(unsigned long, unsigned long);
>> 
>> -typedef void (*online_page_callback_t)(struct page *page);
>> +typedef int (*online_page_callback_t)(struct page *page, unsigned int 
>> order);
>> 
>>  extern int set_online_page_callback(online_page_callback_t callback);
>>  extern int restore_online_page_callback(online_page_callback_t 
>> callback);
>> diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
>> index 38d94b7..24c2b8e 100644
>> --- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
>> +++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
>> @@ -47,7 +47,7 @@
>>   * and restore_online_page_callback() for generic callback restore.
>>   */
>> 
>> -static void generic_online_page(struct page *page);
>> +static int generic_online_page(struct page *page, unsigned int 
>> order);
>> 
>>  static online_page_callback_t online_page_callback = 
>> generic_online_page;
>>  static DEFINE_MUTEX(online_page_callback_lock);
>> @@ -655,26 +655,57 @@ void __online_page_free(struct page *page)
>>  }
>>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__online_page_free);
>> 
>> -static void generic_online_page(struct page *page)
>> +static int generic_online_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
>>  {
>> -       __online_page_set_limits(page);
>> -       __online_page_increment_counters(page);
>> -       __online_page_free(page);
>> +       unsigned long nr_pages = 1 << order;
>> +       struct page *p = page;
>> +       unsigned int loop;
>> +
>> +       prefetchw(p);
>> +       for (loop = 0 ; loop < (nr_pages - 1) ; loop++, p++) {
>> +               prefetch(p + 1);
> 
> Given commits like:
> 
> e66eed651fd1 list: remove prefetching from regular list iterators
> 75d65a425c01 hlist: remove software prefetching in hlist iterators
> 
> ...are you sure these explicit prefetch() calls are improving
> performance? My understanding is that hardware prefetchers don't need
> much help these days.
Hello Dan,

Thanks for your comment. I tested on arm64 with and without prefetch and 
as you guessed, the one without prefetch is slightly better.

Will remove prefetch before sending next version.

Regards,
Arun

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

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2018-09-21  9:38 [PATCH] memory_hotplug: Free pages as higher order Arun KS
2018-09-21 15:42 ` Dan Williams
2018-09-24  7:57   ` Arun KS

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