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* [PATCH -next v2] mm/util: annotate an data race at vm_committed_as
@ 2020-02-12 14:35 Qian Cai
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: Qian Cai @ 2020-02-12 14:35 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: akpm; +Cc: tj, elver, cl, dennis, linux-mm, linux-kernel, Qian Cai

"vm_committed_as.count" could be accessed concurrently as reported by
KCSAN,

 read to 0xffffffff923164f8 of 8 bytes by task 1268 on cpu 38:
  __vm_enough_memory+0x43/0x280 mm/util.c:801
  mmap_region+0x1b2/0xb90 mm/mmap.c:1726
  do_mmap+0x45c/0x700
  vm_mmap_pgoff+0xc0/0x130
  vm_mmap+0x71/0x90
  elf_map+0xa1/0x1b0
  load_elf_binary+0x9de/0x2180
  search_binary_handler+0xd8/0x2b0
  __do_execve_file+0xb61/0x1080
  __x64_sys_execve+0x5f/0x70
  do_syscall_64+0x91/0xb47
  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe

 write to 0xffffffff923164f8 of 8 bytes by task 1265 on cpu 41:
  percpu_counter_add_batch+0x83/0xd0 lib/percpu_counter.c:91
  exit_mmap+0x178/0x220 include/linux/mman.h:68
  mmput+0x10e/0x270
  flush_old_exec+0x572/0xfe0
  load_elf_binary+0x467/0x2180
  search_binary_handler+0xd8/0x2b0
  __do_execve_file+0xb61/0x1080
  __x64_sys_execve+0x5f/0x70
  do_syscall_64+0x91/0xb47
  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe

The warning is almost impossible to trigger according to the commit
82f71ae4a2b8 ("mm: catch memory commitment underflow") but leave it for
now to catch any possible unbalanced vm_unacct_memory() in the future.
Since only the read is operating as lockless, mark it as an intentional
data race using the data_race() macro to avoid modifying
percpu_counter_read() and still catch unintended races elsewhere.

Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Acked-by: Dennis Zhou <dennis@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
---

v2: add some code comments.

 mm/util.c | 8 ++++++--
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/util.c b/mm/util.c
index 988d11e6c17c..cc89e2404e19 100644
--- a/mm/util.c
+++ b/mm/util.c
@@ -798,8 +798,12 @@ int __vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages, int cap_sys_admin)
 {
 	long allowed;
 
-	VM_WARN_ONCE(percpu_counter_read(&vm_committed_as) <
-			-(s64)vm_committed_as_batch * num_online_cpus(),
+	/*
+	 * A transient decrease in the value is unlikely, so no need
+	 * READ_ONCE() for vm_committed_as.count.
+	 */
+	VM_WARN_ONCE(data_race(percpu_counter_read(&vm_committed_as) <
+			-(s64)vm_committed_as_batch * num_online_cpus()),
 			"memory commitment underflow");
 
 	vm_acct_memory(pages);
-- 
1.8.3.1


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