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From: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>,
	Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@in.ibm.com>,
	Sandeepa Prabhu <sandeepa.prabhu@linaro.org>,
	Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>,
	x86@kernel.org, Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>,
	fche@redhat.com, mingo@redhat.com, systemtap@sourceware.org,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Subject: [PATCH -tip v9 01/26] [BUGFIX]kprobes/x86: Fix page-fault handling logic
Date: Thu, 17 Apr 2014 17:16:44 +0900
Message-ID: <20140417081644.26341.52351.stgit@ltc230.yrl.intra.hitachi.co.jp> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20140417081636.26341.87858.stgit@ltc230.yrl.intra.hitachi.co.jp>

Current kprobes in-kernel page fault handler doesn't
expect that its single-stepping can be interrupted by
an NMI handler which may cause a page fault(e.g. perf
with callback tracing).
In that case, the page-fault handled by kprobes and it
misunderstands the page-fault has been caused by the
single-stepping code and tries to recover IP address
to probed address.
But the truth is the page-fault has been caused by the
NMI handler, and do_page_fault failes to handle real
page fault because the IP address is modified and
causes Kernel BUGs like below.

 ----
 [ 2264.726905] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer
 dereference at 0000000000000020
[ 2264.727190] IP: [<ffffffff813c46e0>] copy_user_generic_string+0x0/0x40
[ 2264.727380] PGD cbcd067 PUD cbcc067 PMD 0
[ 2264.727529] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP
[ 2264.727683] Modules linked in: ipt_MASQUERADE bnep bluetooth 6lowpan_iphc iptable_nat nf_nat_ipv4 nf_nat aesni_intel aes_x86_64 ablk_helper cryptd lrw gf128mul glue_helper virtio_balloon snd_hda_intel snd_hda_codec snd_hwdep
[ 2264.728391] CPU: 1 PID: 25094 Comm: perf Not tainted 3.14.0-rc1.badprobe+ #24
[ 2264.728592] Hardware name: Bochs Bochs, BIOS Bochs 01/01/2011
[ 2264.728747] task: ffff88003db9c210 ti: ffff88000caac000 task.ti: ffff88000caac000
[ 2264.728950] RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff813c46e0>]  [<ffffffff813c46e0>] copy_user_generic_string+0x0/0x40
[ 2264.729163] RSP: 0018:ffff88003fd06bd0  EFLAGS: 00010246
[ 2264.729291] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff88003fd06bf8 RCX: 0000000000000002
[ 2264.729472] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000020 RDI: ffff88003fd06bf8
[ 2264.729661] RBP: ffff88003fd06bd8 R08: 0000000000000030 R09: 0000000000000000
[ 2264.729789] R10: 000000000000001e R11: 0000000000000015 R12: ffff88000caadfd8
[ 2264.729789] R13: ffff88003d76bc00 R14: ffff88003db9c210 R15: 0000000000000020
[ 2264.729789] FS:  00007f398bbcc780(0000) GS:ffff88003fd00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[ 2264.729789] CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 2264.729789] CR2: 0000000000000020 CR3: 00000000204f2000 CR4: 00000000000007e0
[ 2264.729789] Stack:
[ 2264.729789]  ffffffff813c5fd4 ffff88003fd06c30 ffffffff810183b0 ffff88003d76bc00
[ 2264.729789]  ffff88003fd06ef8 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 ffff88003d76bc00
[ 2264.729789]  000000000000000c 0000000000052ce0 ffff88000956f800 ffff88000caadf58
[ 2264.729789] Call Trace:
[ 2264.729789]  <NMI>
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff813c5fd4>] ? copy_from_user_nmi+0x64/0x70
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff810183b0>] perf_callchain_user+0xc0/0x220
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff8111cdb4>] perf_callchain+0x1c4/0x210
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff811193e3>] perf_prepare_sample+0x253/0x320
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81119597>] __perf_event_overflow+0xe7/0x230
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff810177c8>] ? x86_perf_event_set_period+0xe8/0x150
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff8111a034>] perf_event_overflow+0x14/0x20
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff8101cf2d>] intel_pmu_handle_irq+0x1cd/0x400
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81854c71>] ? ftrace_regs_caller+0x81/0xcd
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff813c46e0>] ? copy_user_generic_unrolled+0xc0/0xc0
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff810161bb>] perf_event_nmi_handler+0x2b/0x50
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81006ce8>] nmi_handle+0x88/0x180
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff813c46e0>] ? copy_user_generic_unrolled+0xc0/0xc0
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81006fca>] default_do_nmi+0x4a/0x140
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81007168>] do_nmi+0xa8/0xe0
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81856fe1>] end_repeat_nmi+0x1e/0x2e
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff813c46e0>] ? copy_user_generic_unrolled+0xc0/0xc0
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff810376ac>] ? skip_prefixes+0x1c/0x40
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff813c4c80>] ? bad_get_user+0x17/0x17
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81854c71>] ? ftrace_regs_caller+0x81/0xcd
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81854c71>] ? ftrace_regs_caller+0x81/0xcd
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81854c71>] ? ftrace_regs_caller+0x81/0xcd
[ 2264.729789]  <<EOE>>
[ 2264.729789]  <#DB>  [<ffffffff813c46e0>] ? copy_user_generic_unrolled+0xc0/0xc0
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff813c46e1>] ? copy_user_generic_string+0x1/0x40
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff810e4321>] ? ftrace_cmp_recs+0x1/0x30
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff813c4c85>] ? inat_get_opcode_attribute+0x5/0x20
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff813c4c85>] ? inat_get_opcode_attribute+0x5/0x20
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff810376ac>] ? skip_prefixes+0x1c/0x40
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81038107>] resume_execution+0x37/0x1d0
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff810382df>] kprobe_debug_handler+0x3f/0xe0
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff8100305f>] do_debug+0x7f/0x1d0
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81856afa>] debug+0x3a/0x50
[ 2264.729789]  <<EOE>>
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff811aae38>] ? seq_read+0x88/0x390
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81363bc4>] ? security_file_permission+0x84/0xa0
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff811ed58d>] proc_reg_read+0x3d/0x80
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81187c7b>] vfs_read+0x9b/0x160
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81188739>] SyS_read+0x49/0xa0
[ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81854f99>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
[ 2264.729789] Code: c9 75 ee 21 d2 74 10 89 d1 8a 06 88 07 48 ff c6 48 ff c7 ff
 c9 75 f2 31 c0 0f 1f 00 c3 66 66 66 66 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 <cc> 1f 00
 83 fa 08 72 27 89 f9 83 e1 07 74 15 83 e9 08 f7 d9 29
[ 2264.729789] RIP  [<ffffffff813c46e0>] copy_user_generic_string+0x0/0x40
[ 2264.729789]  RSP <ffff88003fd06bd0>
[ 2264.729789] CR2: 0000000000000020
[ 2264.729789] ---[ end trace 533fc16b4cc45447 ]---
[ 2264.729789] Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception in interrupt
[ 2264.729789] Kernel Offset: 0x0 from 0xffffffff81000000 (relocation range: 0xf
fffffff80000000-0xffffffff9fffffff)
 ----

To handle this correctly, I fixed the kprobes fault
handler to ensure the faulted ip address is its own
single-step buffer instead of checking current kprobe
state.

Changes from v8:
 - add WARN_ON() to check kprobe_status.

Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
---
 arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c |   16 +++++++---------
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c
index 79a3f96..137e873 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c
@@ -897,9 +897,10 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_fault_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr)
 	struct kprobe *cur = kprobe_running();
 	struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk();
 
-	switch (kcb->kprobe_status) {
-	case KPROBE_HIT_SS:
-	case KPROBE_REENTER:
+	if (unlikely(regs->ip == (unsigned long)cur->ainsn.insn)) {
+		/* This must happen on singlestepping */
+		WARN_ON(kcb->kprobe_status != KPROBE_HIT_SS &&
+			kcb->kprobe_status != KPROBE_REENTER);
 		/*
 		 * We are here because the instruction being single
 		 * stepped caused a page fault. We reset the current
@@ -914,9 +915,8 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_fault_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr)
 		else
 			reset_current_kprobe();
 		preempt_enable_no_resched();
-		break;
-	case KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE:
-	case KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE:
+	} else if (kcb->kprobe_status == KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE ||
+		   kcb->kprobe_status == KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE) {
 		/*
 		 * We increment the nmissed count for accounting,
 		 * we can also use npre/npostfault count for accounting
@@ -945,10 +945,8 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_fault_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr)
 		 * fixup routine could not handle it,
 		 * Let do_page_fault() fix it.
 		 */
-		break;
-	default:
-		break;
 	}
+
 	return 0;
 }
 



  reply index

Thread overview: 103+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2014-04-17  8:16 [PATCH -tip v9 00/26] kprobes: introduce NOKPROBE_SYMBOL, bugfixes and scalbility efforts Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:16 ` Masami Hiramatsu [this message]
2014-04-17  9:58   ` [tip:perf/urgent] kprobes/x86: Fix page-fault handling logic tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:16 ` [PATCH -tip v9 02/26] kprobes/x86: Allow to handle reentered kprobe on singlestepping Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 10:57   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] kprobes/x86: Allow to handle reentered kprobe on single-stepping tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:16 ` [PATCH -tip v9 03/26] kprobes: Prohibit probing on .entry.text code Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 10:57   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] " tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:17 ` [PATCH -tip v9 04/26] kprobes: Introduce NOKPROBE_SYMBOL() macro for blacklist Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 10:58   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] kprobes: Introduce NOKPROBE_SYMBOL() macro to maintain kprobes blacklist tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-05-01  5:26     ` kprobes broken in linux-next (was Re: [tip:perf/kprobes] kprobes: Introduce NOKPROBE_SYMBOL() macro to maintain kprobes blacklist) Vineet Gupta
2014-05-02  1:13       ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-05-07  4:56         ` Vineet Gupta
2014-05-07 19:18       ` [tip:perf/kprobes] kprobes: Ensure blacklist data is aligned tip-bot for Vineet Gupta
2014-05-05 20:48     ` [tip:perf/kprobes] kprobes: Introduce NOKPROBE_SYMBOL() macro to maintain kprobes blacklist Tony Luck
2014-05-06  9:25       ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-05-06 10:03       ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-05-07 11:19         ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-05-07 11:55           ` [RFT PATCH -next ] [BUGFIX] kprobes: Fix "Failed to find blacklist" error on ia64 and ppc64 Masami Hiramatsu
2014-05-07 11:59             ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-05-14  8:19               ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-05-08  4:47             ` Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli
2014-05-08  5:40               ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-05-08  6:16                 ` Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli
2014-05-09  8:06                   ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-05-26 11:25             ` Suzuki K. Poulose
2014-05-26 11:48               ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-05-27  6:31               ` [RFT PATCH -next v2] " Masami Hiramatsu
2014-05-29 19:13                 ` Suzuki K. Poulose
2014-05-30  2:47                   ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-05-30  3:18                     ` [RFT PATCH -next v3] " Masami Hiramatsu
2014-06-06  6:38                       ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-06-17 23:03                         ` Tony Luck
2014-06-18  7:56                         ` Michael Ellerman
2014-06-18  8:46                           ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-06-19  1:30                             ` Michael Ellerman
2014-06-19  4:52                               ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-06-19  6:40                                 ` Suzuki K. Poulose
2014-06-19  7:26                                   ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-06-19  9:45                                     ` Suzuki K. Poulose
2014-06-19 11:01                                       ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-06-19 11:20                                         ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-06-20  0:37                                           ` Michael Ellerman
2014-06-20  2:13                                             ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:17 ` [PATCH -tip v9 05/26] [BUGFIX] kprobes/x86: Prohibit probing on debug_stack_* Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 10:58   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] kprobes, x86: Prohibit probing on debug_stack_*() tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:17 ` [PATCH -tip v9 06/26] [BUGFIX] x86: Prohibit probing on native_set_debugreg/load_idt Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 10:58   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] kprobes, x86: Prohibit probing on native_set_debugreg()/load_idt() tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:17 ` [PATCH -tip v9 07/26] [BUGFIX] x86: Prohibit probing on thunk functions and restore Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 10:58   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] kprobes, " tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:17 ` [PATCH -tip v9 08/26] kprobes/x86: Call exception handlers directly from do_int3/do_debug Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 10:59   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] " tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 11:26     ` Jiri Kosina
2014-04-17  8:17 ` [PATCH -tip v9 09/26] x86: Call exception_enter after kprobes handled Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 10:59   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] kprobes, " tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-06-13 17:14     ` Frederic Weisbecker
2014-06-14  5:44       ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-06-14  6:47         ` [PATCH -tip ] [Bugfix] x86/kprobes: Fix build errors and blacklist context_track_user Masami Hiramatsu
2014-06-14  8:58           ` [tip:perf/urgent] " tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-06-16 15:52           ` [PATCH -tip ] [Bugfix] " Frederic Weisbecker
2014-04-17  8:17 ` [PATCH -tip v9 10/26] kprobes/x86: Allow probe on some kprobe preparation functions Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 10:59   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] " tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:17 ` [PATCH -tip v9 11/26] kprobes: Allow probe on some kprobe functions Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 10:59   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] " tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:18 ` [PATCH -tip v9 12/26] ftrace/*probes: Allow probing on some functions Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 10:59   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] kprobes, ftrace: " tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:18 ` [PATCH -tip v9 13/26] x86: Allow kprobes on text_poke/hw_breakpoint Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 11:00   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] kprobes, x86: Allow kprobes on text_poke/ hw_breakpoint tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 11:26     ` Jiri Kosina
2014-04-17  8:18 ` [PATCH -tip v9 14/26] x86: Use NOKPROBE_SYMBOL() instead of __kprobes annotation Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 11:00   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] kprobes, " tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:18 ` [PATCH -tip v9 15/26] kprobes: Use NOKPROBE_SYMBOL macro instead of __kprobes Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 11:00   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] " tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:18 ` [PATCH -tip v9 16/26] ftrace/kprobes: Use NOKPROBE_SYMBOL macro in ftrace Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 11:00   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] kprobes, ftrace: " tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:18 ` [PATCH -tip v9 17/26] notifier: Use NOKPROBE_SYMBOL macro in notifier Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17 14:40   ` Josh Triplett
2014-04-24 11:00   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] kprobes, " tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:18 ` [PATCH -tip v9 18/26] sched: Use NOKPROBE_SYMBOL macro in sched Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 11:01   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] kprobes, " tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:18 ` [PATCH -tip v9 19/26] kprobes: Show blacklist entries via debugfs Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24 11:01   ` [tip:perf/kprobes] " tip-bot for Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:18 ` [PATCH -tip v9 20/26] kprobes: Support blacklist functions in module Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24  8:56   ` Ingo Molnar
2014-04-24 11:24     ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-25  8:19       ` Ingo Molnar
2014-04-25 10:12         ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-25 10:55           ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:19 ` [PATCH -tip v9 21/26] kprobes: Use NOKPROBE_SYMBOL() in sample modules Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:19 ` [PATCH -tip v9 22/26] kprobes/x86: Use kprobe_blacklist for .kprobes.text and .entry.text Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24  8:58   ` Ingo Molnar
2014-04-24 11:22     ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:19 ` [PATCH -tip v9 23/26] kprobes/x86: Remove unneeded preempt_disable/enable in interrupt handlers Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:19 ` [PATCH -tip v9 24/26] kprobes: Enlarge hash table to 512 entries Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:19 ` [PATCH -tip v9 25/26] kprobes: Introduce kprobe cache to reduce cache misshits Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-24  9:01   ` Ingo Molnar
2014-04-24 11:38     ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-25  8:20       ` Ingo Molnar
2014-04-25  9:43         ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-26  7:12           ` Ingo Molnar
2014-04-27 12:49             ` Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:19 ` [PATCH -tip v9 26/26] ftrace: Introduce FTRACE_OPS_FL_SELF_FILTER for ftrace-kprobe Masami Hiramatsu
2014-04-17  8:37 ` [PATCH -tip v9 00/26] kprobes: introduce NOKPROBE_SYMBOL, bugfixes and scalbility efforts Ingo Molnar
2014-04-17  8:53   ` Masami Hiramatsu

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