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From: "Chang S. Bae" <chang.seok.bae@intel.com>
To: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
	"H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>,
	Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>,
	Markus T Metzger <markus.t.metzger@intel.com>,
	Ravi Shankar <ravi.v.shankar@intel.com>,
	"Chang S . Bae" <chang.seok.bae@intel.com>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: [v3 11/12] x86/elf: Enumerate kernel FSGSBASE capability in AT_HWCAP2
Date: Tue, 23 Oct 2018 11:42:33 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20181023184234.14025-12-chang.seok.bae@intel.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20181023184234.14025-1-chang.seok.bae@intel.com>

From: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>

The kernel needs to explicitly enable FSGSBASE. So, the application
needs to know if it can safely use these instructions. Just looking
at the CPUID bit is not enough because it may be running in a kernel
that does not enable the instructions.

One way for the application would be to just try and catch the SIGILL.
But that is difficult to do in libraries which may not want
to overwrite the signal handlers of the main application.

So we need to provide a way for the application to discover the kernel
capability.

I used AT_HWCAP2 in the ELF aux vector which is already used by
PPC for similar things. We define a new Linux defined bitmap
returned in AT_HWCAP.  Next to MONITOR/MWAIT, bit 1 is reserved for
FSGSBASE capability checks.

The application can then access it manually or using
the getauxval() function in newer glibc.

[ chang: Rebase and edit the patch note accordingly. ]

Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Chang S. Bae <chang.seok.bae@intel.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
---
 arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h | 3 +++
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c       | 4 +++-
 2 files changed, 6 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h
index 6ebaae90e207..c5ce54e749f6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h
@@ -5,4 +5,7 @@
 /* MONITOR/MWAIT enabled in Ring 3 */
 #define HWCAP2_RING3MWAIT		(1 << 0)
 
+/* Kernel allows FSGSBASE instructions available in Ring 3 */
+#define HWCAP2_FSGSBASE			BIT(1)
+
 #endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
index f20edc754532..6964dd24082d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -1369,8 +1369,10 @@ static void identify_cpu(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
 	setup_umip(c);
 
 	/* Enable FSGSBASE instructions if available. */
-	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_FSGSBASE))
+	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_FSGSBASE)) {
 		cr4_set_bits(X86_CR4_FSGSBASE);
+		elf_hwcap2 |= HWCAP2_FSGSBASE;
+	}
 
 	/*
 	 * The vendor-specific functions might have changed features.
-- 
2.19.1


  parent reply	other threads:[~2018-10-23 18:43 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 34+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-10-23 18:42 [v3 00/12] x86: Enable FSGSBASE instructions Chang S. Bae
2018-10-23 18:42 ` [v3 01/12] taint: Introduce a new taint flag (insecure) Chang S. Bae
2018-10-24 18:50   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-23 18:42 ` [v3 02/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Add 'unsafe_fsgsbase' to enable CR4.FSGSBASE Chang S. Bae
2018-10-24 18:51   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-23 18:42 ` [v3 03/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Add intrinsics/macros for FSGSBASE instructions Chang S. Bae
2018-10-24 18:53   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-24 19:21     ` Andi Kleen
2018-10-25 23:14       ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-25 23:31         ` Linus Torvalds
2018-10-26  0:09           ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-23 18:42 ` [v3 04/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Enable FSGSBASE instructions in the helper functions Chang S. Bae
2018-10-24 19:16   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-24 19:41     ` [Xen-devel] " Andrew Cooper
2018-10-25  6:09       ` Juergen Gross
2018-10-25 23:08         ` Andrew Cooper
2018-10-25 23:11           ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-25 23:14             ` Andrew Cooper
2018-10-25  7:32     ` Bae, Chang Seok
2018-10-25 23:00       ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-25 23:03         ` Bae, Chang Seok
2018-10-25 23:16     ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-23 18:42 ` [v3 05/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Preserve FS/GS state in __switch_to() if FSGSBASE is on Chang S. Bae
2018-10-24 19:21   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-24 19:36     ` Bae, Chang Seok
2018-10-23 18:42 ` [v3 06/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: When copying a thread, use the FSGSBASE instructions if available Chang S. Bae
2018-10-23 18:42 ` [v3 07/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Introduce the new FIND_PERCPU_BASE macro Chang S. Bae
2018-10-26  0:25   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-26  0:59     ` Nadav Amit
2018-10-23 18:42 ` [v3 08/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Use the per-CPU base as GSBASE at the paranoid_entry Chang S. Bae
2018-10-23 18:42 ` [v3 09/12] selftests/x86/fsgsbase: Test WRGSBASE Chang S. Bae
2018-10-23 18:42 ` [v3 10/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Enable FSGSBASE by default and add a chicken bit Chang S. Bae
2018-10-23 18:42 ` Chang S. Bae [this message]
2018-10-23 18:42 ` [v3 12/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Add documentation for FSGSBASE Chang S. Bae

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