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From: Russell King - ARM Linux <>
To: Rafael David Tinoco <>
	Mark Brown <>,
	Sergey Senozhatsky <>,
	Nitin Gupta <>, Minchan Kim <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/2] mm/zsmalloc.c: check encoded object value overflow for PAE
Date: Thu, 25 Oct 2018 14:43:44 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On Thu, Oct 25, 2018 at 09:37:59AM -0300, Rafael David Tinoco wrote:
> Is it okay to propose using only MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS for zsmalloc (like
> it was before commit 02390b87) instead, and make sure *at least* ARM
> 32/64 and x86/x64, for now, have it defined outside sparsemem headers
> as well ?

It looks to me like this has been broken on ARM for quite some time,
predating that commit.  The original was:

#else /* !CONFIG_HIGHMEM64G */
#define _PFN_BITS              (MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS - PAGE_SHIFT)

On ARM, CONFIG_HIGHMEM64G is never defined (it's an x86 private symbol)
which means that the above sets MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS to 32 on non-sparsemem
ARM LPAE platforms.  So commit 02390b87 hasn't really changed anything
as far as ARM LPAE is concerned - and this looks to be a bug that goes
all the way back to when zsmalloc.c was moved out of staging in 2014.

Digging further back, it seems this brokenness was introduced with:

commit 6e00ec00b1a76a199b8c0acae401757b795daf57
Author: Seth Jennings <>
Date:   Mon Mar 5 11:33:22 2012 -0600

    staging: zsmalloc: calculate MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS if not defined

    This patch provides a way to determine or "set a
    reasonable value for" MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS in the case that
    it is not defined (i.e. !SPARSEMEM)

    Signed-off-by: Seth Jennings <>
    Acked-by: Nitin Gupta <>
    Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>

which, at the time, realised the problem with SPARSEMEM, but decided
that in the absense of SPARSEMEM, that MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS shall be
BITS_PER_LONG which seems absurd (see below.)

> This way I can WARN_ONCE(), instead of BUG(), when specific
> arch does not define it - enforcing behavior - showing BITS_PER_LONG
> is being used instead of MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS (warning, at least once, for
> the possibility of an overflow, like the issue showed in here).

Assuming that the maximum number of physical memory bits are
BITS_PER_LONG in the absense of MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS is a nonsense
- we have had the potential for PAE systems for a long time, and to
introduce new code that makes this assumption was plainly wrong.

We know when there's the potential for PAE, and thus more than
BITS_PER_LONG bits of physical memory address, through
CONFIG_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT.  So if we have the situation where
being defined, but CONFIG_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT set, we should've been
erroring or something based on not knowing how many physical memory
bits are possible - it would be more than BITS_PER_LONG but less
than some unknown number of bits.

This is why I think any fallback here to BITS_PER_LONG is wrong.

What I suggested is to not fall back to BITS_PER_LONG in any case, but
always define MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS.  However, I now see that won't work for
x86 because MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS is not a constant anymore.

So I suggest everything that uses zsmalloc.c should instead define

Note that there should _also_ be some protection in zsmalloc.c against

#define OBJ_TAG_BITS 1

which means there's an implicit limitation on _PFN_BITS being less than
BITS_PER_LONG - OBJ_TAG_BITS (where, if it's equal to this, and hence
OBJ_INDEX_BITS will be zero.)  This imples that MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS
must be smaller than BITS_PER_LONG + PAGE_SHIFT - OBJ_TAG_BITS, or
43 bits on a 32 bit system.  If you want to guarantee a minimum number
of objects, then that limitation needs to be reduced further.

RMK's Patch system:
FTTC broadband for 0.8mile line in suburbia: sync at 12.1Mbps down 622kbps up
According to 11.9Mbps down 500kbps up

  reply	other threads:[~2018-10-25 13:43 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 12+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-10-25  1:27 [PATCH 1/2] mm/zsmalloc.c: check encoded object value overflow for PAE Rafael David Tinoco
2018-10-25  1:27 ` [PATCH 2/2] mm/zsmalloc.c: fix zsmalloc ARM LPAE support Rafael David Tinoco
2018-10-25  5:29 ` [PATCH 1/2] mm/zsmalloc.c: check encoded object value overflow for PAE Sergey Senozhatsky
2018-10-25 11:03   ` Rafael David Tinoco
2018-10-25 12:00 ` Russell King - ARM Linux
2018-10-25 12:37   ` Rafael David Tinoco
2018-10-25 13:43     ` Russell King - ARM Linux [this message]
2018-11-21  0:11       ` [PATCH v2] mm/zsmalloc.c: Fix zsmalloc 32-bit PAE support Rafael David Tinoco
2018-11-21  0:18         ` Rafael David Tinoco
2018-11-27 20:33           ` Rafael David Tinoco
2018-11-29  2:53             ` Sergey Senozhatsky
2018-10-25 12:42 ` [PATCH 1/2] mm/zsmalloc.c: check encoded object value overflow for PAE kbuild test robot

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