linux-kernel.vger.kernel.org archive mirror
 help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Dave Hansen <haveblue@us.ibm.com>
To: Andrew Morton <akpm@zip.com.au>
Cc: "Martin J. Bligh" <Martin.Bligh@us.ibm.com>,
	William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-mm@kvack.org
Subject: [PATCH] per-zone kswapd process
Date: Thu, 12 Sep 2002 20:33:32 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <3D815C8C.4050000@us.ibm.com> (raw)

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 1119 bytes --]

This patch implements a kswapd process for each memory zone.  The original code 
came from Bill Irwin, but the current VM is quite a bit different from the one 
that he wrote it for, so not much remains.  The current kswapd interface is much 
more simple than before because there is a single waitqueue and there is a 
single place where it is emptied.

kswapd_can_sleep() and kswapd_balance() are simpler now that the extra pgdat 
level of indirection is gone.

Tested on 8-way PIII with highmem off and then 4GB support.  With 4GB support, I 
did 20 parallel greps through a 10GB fileset while some other processes 
allocated and freed 1-2GB chunks of memory.  That gave kswapd a good workout, 
and I observed it running the zone Highmem and zone Normal kswapd threads.  So, 
it survives my torture test.  It also removes more code than it adds.

include/linux/mmzone.h |    2 +
include/linux/swap.h   |    1
mm/page_alloc.c        |   11 +++++-
mm/vmscan.c            |   88 +++++++++++++++++--------------------------------
4 files changed, 42 insertions(+), 60 deletions(-)

-- 
Dave Hansen
haveblue@us.ibm.com




[-- Attachment #2: per-zone-kswapd-2.5.34-mm2-3.patch --]
[-- Type: text/plain, Size: 6092 bytes --]

# This is a BitKeeper generated patch for the following project:
# Project Name: Linux kernel tree
# This patch format is intended for GNU patch command version 2.5 or higher.
# This patch includes the following deltas:
#	           ChangeSet	1.625   -> 1.628  
#	include/linux/mmzone.h	1.19    -> 1.20   
#	include/linux/swap.h	1.57    -> 1.58   
#	     mm/page_alloc.c	1.98    -> 1.101  
#	         mm/vmscan.c	1.102   -> 1.105  
#
# The following is the BitKeeper ChangeSet Log
# --------------------------------------------
# 02/09/12	haveblue@elm3b96.(none)	1.626
# add per-zone kswapd
# --------------------------------------------
# 02/09/12	haveblue@elm3b96.(none)	1.627
# fix some wli-indicated formatting bits
# --------------------------------------------
# 02/09/12	haveblue@elm3b96.(none)	1.628
# move waitqueue init to a more appropriate place 
# --------------------------------------------
#
diff -Nru a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h	Thu Sep 12 20:24:39 2002
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h	Thu Sep 12 20:24:39 2002
@@ -108,6 +108,8 @@
 	unsigned long		wait_table_size;
 	unsigned long		wait_table_bits;
 
+	wait_queue_head_t       kswapd_wait;	
+	
 	/*
 	 * Discontig memory support fields.
 	 */
diff -Nru a/include/linux/swap.h b/include/linux/swap.h
--- a/include/linux/swap.h	Thu Sep 12 20:24:39 2002
+++ b/include/linux/swap.h	Thu Sep 12 20:24:39 2002
@@ -162,7 +162,6 @@
 extern void swap_setup(void);
 
 /* linux/mm/vmscan.c */
-extern wait_queue_head_t kswapd_wait;
 extern int try_to_free_pages(struct zone *, unsigned int, unsigned int);
 
 /* linux/mm/page_io.c */
diff -Nru a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c	Thu Sep 12 20:24:39 2002
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c	Thu Sep 12 20:24:39 2002
@@ -345,8 +345,15 @@
 	classzone->need_balance = 1;
 	mb();
 	/* we're somewhat low on memory, failed to find what we needed */
-	if (waitqueue_active(&kswapd_wait))
-		wake_up_interruptible(&kswapd_wait);
+	for (i = 0; zones[i] != NULL; i++) {
+		struct zone *z = zones[i];
+
+		/* We don't want to go swapping on zones that aren't actually
+		 * low.  This accounts for "incremental min" from last loop */
+		if (z->free_pages <= z->pages_low &&
+		    waitqueue_active(&z->kswapd_wait)) 
+			wake_up_interruptible(&z->kswapd_wait);
+	}
 
 	/* Go through the zonelist again, taking __GFP_HIGH into account */
 	min = 1UL << order;
@@ -874,6 +881,8 @@
 		for(i = 0; i < zone->wait_table_size; ++i)
 			init_waitqueue_head(zone->wait_table + i);
 
+		init_waitqueue_head(&zone->kswapd_wait);
+		
 		pgdat->nr_zones = j+1;
 
 		mask = (realsize / zone_balance_ratio[j]);
diff -Nru a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
--- a/mm/vmscan.c	Thu Sep 12 20:24:39 2002
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c	Thu Sep 12 20:24:39 2002
@@ -713,8 +713,6 @@
 	return 0;
 }
 
-DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(kswapd_wait);
-
 static int check_classzone_need_balance(struct zone *classzone)
 {
 	struct zone *first_classzone;
@@ -728,71 +726,33 @@
 	return 1;
 }
 
-static int kswapd_balance_pgdat(pg_data_t * pgdat)
+static int kswapd_balance_zone(struct zone *zone)
 {
-	int need_more_balance = 0, i;
-	struct zone *zone;
-
-	for (i = pgdat->nr_zones-1; i >= 0; i--) {
-		zone = pgdat->node_zones + i;
+	int need_more_balance = 0;
+	
+	do {
 		cond_resched();
 		if (!zone->need_balance)
-			continue;
+			break;
 		if (!try_to_free_pages(zone, GFP_KSWAPD, 0)) {
 			zone->need_balance = 0;
 			__set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
 			schedule_timeout(HZ);
-			continue;
+			break;
 		}
 		if (check_classzone_need_balance(zone))
 			need_more_balance = 1;
 		else
 			zone->need_balance = 0;
-	}
-
-	return need_more_balance;
-}
-
-static void kswapd_balance(void)
-{
-	int need_more_balance;
-	pg_data_t * pgdat;
-
-	do {
-		need_more_balance = 0;
-		pgdat = pgdat_list;
-		do
-			need_more_balance |= kswapd_balance_pgdat(pgdat);
-		while ((pgdat = pgdat->pgdat_next));
 	} while (need_more_balance);
-}
 
-static int kswapd_can_sleep_pgdat(pg_data_t * pgdat)
-{
-	struct zone *zone;
-	int i;
-
-	for (i = pgdat->nr_zones-1; i >= 0; i--) {
-		zone = pgdat->node_zones + i;
-		if (!zone->need_balance)
-			continue;
-		return 0;
-	}
-
-	return 1;
+	return 0;
 }
 
-static int kswapd_can_sleep(void)
+static int kswapd_can_sleep_zone(struct zone *zone)
 {
-	pg_data_t * pgdat;
-
-	pgdat = pgdat_list;
-	do {
-		if (kswapd_can_sleep_pgdat(pgdat))
-			continue;
-		return 0;
-	} while ((pgdat = pgdat->pgdat_next));
-
+	if (zone->need_balance)
+		return 0;	
 	return 1;
 }
 
@@ -809,13 +769,18 @@
  * If there are applications that are active memory-allocators
  * (most normal use), this basically shouldn't matter.
  */
-int kswapd(void *unused)
+int kswapd_zone(void *p)
 {
+	struct zone *zone = (struct zone *)p;
 	struct task_struct *tsk = current;
 	DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, tsk);
+	
+	printk( "kswapd%d starting for %s\n", 
+			zone - zone->zone_pgdat->node_zones, 
+			zone->name);
 
 	daemonize();
-	strcpy(tsk->comm, "kswapd");
+	sprintf(tsk->comm, "kswapd%d", zone - zone->zone_pgdat->node_zones);
 	sigfillset(&tsk->blocked);
 	
 	/*
@@ -839,30 +804,37 @@
 		if (current->flags & PF_FREEZE)
 			refrigerator(PF_IOTHREAD);
 		__set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
-		add_wait_queue(&kswapd_wait, &wait);
+		add_wait_queue(&zone->kswapd_wait, &wait);
 
 		mb();
-		if (kswapd_can_sleep())
+		if (kswapd_can_sleep_zone(zone))
 			schedule();
 
 		__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
-		remove_wait_queue(&kswapd_wait, &wait);
+		remove_wait_queue(&zone->kswapd_wait, &wait);
 
 		/*
 		 * If we actually get into a low-memory situation,
 		 * the processes needing more memory will wake us
 		 * up on a more timely basis.
 		 */
-		kswapd_balance();
+		kswapd_balance_zone(zone);
 		blk_run_queues();
 	}
 }
 
 static int __init kswapd_init(void)
 {
+	struct zone* zone;
+
 	printk("Starting kswapd\n");
 	swap_setup();
-	kernel_thread(kswapd, NULL, CLONE_FS | CLONE_FILES | CLONE_SIGNAL);
+	for_each_zone(zone)
+		if (zone->size)
+			kernel_thread(kswapd_zone, 
+				      zone, 
+				      CLONE_FS | CLONE_FILES | CLONE_SIGNAL);
+	
 	return 0;
 }
 

             reply	other threads:[~2002-09-13  3:30 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 21+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2002-09-13  3:33 Dave Hansen [this message]
2002-09-13  4:06 ` Andrew Morton
2002-09-13  4:59   ` William Lee Irwin III
2002-09-13  5:10     ` Martin J. Bligh
     [not found]       ` <3D8232DE.9090000@us.ibm.com>
     [not found]         ` <3D823702.8E29AB4F@digeo.com>
     [not found]           ` <3D8251D6.3060704@us.ibm.com>
     [not found]             ` <3D82566B.EB2939D5@digeo.com>
2002-09-13 22:52               ` [PATCH] per-zone^Wnode " Dave Hansen
2002-09-13 23:24                 ` Matthew Dobson
2002-09-13 23:29                 ` Matthew Dobson
2002-09-13 23:46                 ` William Lee Irwin III
2002-09-14  0:02                   ` Andrew Morton
2002-09-14  0:12                     ` William Lee Irwin III
2002-09-14  1:19                       ` Andrew Morton
2002-09-13  5:46     ` [PATCH] per-zone " Andrew Morton
2002-09-13  5:38       ` Martin J. Bligh
2002-09-13  6:03         ` Andrew Morton
2002-09-13 13:05     ` Alan Cox
2002-09-13 21:30       ` William Lee Irwin III
2002-09-18 16:07         ` [PATCH] recognize MAP_LOCKED in mmap() call Hubertus Franke
2002-09-18 16:29           ` Andrew Morton
2002-09-16  5:44     ` [PATCH] per-zone kswapd process Daniel Phillips
2002-09-16  7:46       ` William Lee Irwin III
2002-09-16 15:12         ` Rik van Riel

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=3D815C8C.4050000@us.ibm.com \
    --to=haveblue@us.ibm.com \
    --cc=Martin.Bligh@us.ibm.com \
    --cc=akpm@zip.com.au \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-mm@kvack.org \
    --cc=wli@holomorphy.com \
    --subject='Re: [PATCH] per-zone kswapd process' \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).