archive mirror
 help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Krzysztof Kozlowski <>
To: Stephan Gerhold <>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <>,
	Jakub Kicinski <>,
	Rob Herring <>,,,,,
	Bongsu Jeon <>,
Subject: Re: [linux-nfc] Re: [PATCH 2/2] nfc: s3fwrn5: i2c: Enable optional clock from device tree
Date: Tue, 18 May 2021 11:25:55 -0400	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On 18/05/2021 11:00, Stephan Gerhold wrote:
> Hi,
> On Tue, May 18, 2021 at 10:30:43AM -0400, Krzysztof Kozlowski wrote:
>> On 18/05/2021 09:39, Stephan Gerhold wrote:
>>> s3fwrn5 has a NFC_CLK_REQ output GPIO, which is asserted whenever
>>> the clock is needed for the current operation. This GPIO can be either
>>> connected directly to the clock provider, or must be monitored by
>>> this driver.
>>> As an example for the first case, on many Qualcomm devices the
>>> NFC clock is provided by the main PMIC. The clock can be either
>>> permanently enabled (clocks = <&rpmcc RPM_SMD_BB_CLK2>) or enabled
>>> only when requested through a special input pin on the PMIC
>>> (clocks = <&rpmcc RPM_SMD_BB_CLK2_PIN>).
>>> On the Samsung Galaxy A3/A5 (2015, Qualcomm MSM8916) this mechanism
>>> is used with S3FWRN5's NFC_CLK_REQ output GPIO to enable the clock
>>> only when necessary. However, to make that work the s3fwrn5 driver
>>> must keep the RPM_SMD_BB_CLK2_PIN clock enabled.
>> This contradicts the code. You wrote that pin should be kept enabled
>> (somehow... by driver? by it's firmware?) but your code requests the
>> clock from provider.
> Yeah, I see how that's a bit confusing. Let me try to explain it a bit
> better. So the Samsung Galaxy A5 (2015) has a "S3FWRN5XS1-YF30", some
> variant of S3FWRN5 I guess. That S3FWRN5 has a "XI" and "XO" pin in the
> schematics. "XO" seems to be floating, but "XI" goes to "BB_CLK2"
> on PM8916 (the main PMIC).
> Then, there is "GPIO2/NFC_CLK_REQ" on the S3FWRN5. This goes to
> GPIO_2_NFC_CLK_REQ on PM8916. (Note: I'm talking about two different
> GPIO2 here, one on S3FWRN5 and one on PM8916, they just happen to have
> the same number...)
> So in other words, S3FWRN5 gets some clock from BB_CLK2 on PM8916,
> and can tell PM8916 that it needs the clock via GPIO2/NFC_CLK_REQ.
> Now the confusing part is that the rpmcc/clk-smd-rpm driver has two
> clocks that represent BB_CLK2 (see include/dt-bindings/clock/qcom,rpmcc.h):
> (There are also *_CLK2_A variants but they are even more confusing
>  and not needed here...)
> Those end up in different register settings in PM8916. There is one bit
> to permanently enable BB_CLK2 (= RPM_SMD_BB_CLK2), and one bit to enable
> BB_CLK2 based on the status of GPIO_2_NFC_CLK_REQ on PM8916
> So there is indeed some kind of "AND" inside PM8916 (the register bit
> and "NFC_CLK_REQ" input pin). To make that "AND" work I need to make
> some driver (here: the s3fwrn5 driver) enable the clock so the register
> bit in PM8916 gets set.

Thanks for the explanation, it sounds good. The GPIO2 (or how you call
it NFC_CLK_REQ) on S3FWRN5 looks like non-configurable from Linux point
of view. Probably the device firmware plays with it always or at least
handles it in an unknown way for us.

In such case there is no point to do anything more with the provided
clock than what you are doing - enable it when device is on, disable
when off.

I think it is enough to rephrase the msg:
1. Add at beginning that device has one clock input (XI pin). The clock
input was so far ignored (assumed to be routed to some always-on
2. The device should enable the clock when running.
3. Add all of your paragraph about detailed logic on GPIO.

Since the GPIO is non-controllable, it actually does not matter that
much for the driver, so you can add it for relevance, but not as main
point of the patch.

>>> This commit adds support for this by requesting an optional clock
>> Don't write "This commit".
> OK, will fix this in v2 (I guess there will be a v2 to clarify things
> at least...)
>>> and keeping it permanently enabled. Note that the actual (physical)
>>> clock won't be permanently enabled since this will depend on the
>>> output of NFC_CLK_REQ from S3FWRN5.
>> What pin is that "NFC_CLK_REQ"? I cannot find such name. Is it GPIO2?
>> What clock are you talking here? The one going to the modem part?
> It's indeed GPIO2 on S3FWRN5, but that's pretty much all I can say since
> I can't seem to find any datasheet for S3FWRN5. :( I don't know what it
> is used for. As I mentioned above, BB_CLK2 goes to "XI" on S3FWRN5.
>> I also don't see here how this clock is going to be automatically
>> on-off... driver does not perform such. Unless you speak about your
>> particular HW configuration where the GPIO is somehow connected with AND
>> (but then it is not relevant to the code).
> I hope I covered this above already and it's a bit clearer now.
> Sorry for the confusion!

Yes, thanks!

Best regards,

  reply	other threads:[~2021-05-18 15:26 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 11+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-05-18 13:39 [PATCH 1/2] dt-bindings: net: nfc: s3fwrn5: Add optional clock Stephan Gerhold
2021-05-18 13:39 ` [PATCH 2/2] nfc: s3fwrn5: i2c: Enable optional clock from device tree Stephan Gerhold
2021-05-18 14:30   ` [linux-nfc] " Krzysztof Kozlowski
2021-05-18 15:00     ` Stephan Gerhold
2021-05-18 15:25       ` Krzysztof Kozlowski [this message]
2021-05-18 15:37         ` [linux-nfc] " Stephan Gerhold
2021-05-19  8:07         ` Stephan Gerhold
2021-05-19 15:58           ` Krzysztof Kozlowski
2021-05-20  7:41             ` Stephan Gerhold
2021-05-20 11:40             ` Bongsu Jeon
2021-05-21 15:02               ` Krzysztof Kozlowski

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \
    --cc=~postmarketos/ \

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link
Be sure your reply has a Subject: header at the top and a blank line before the message body.
This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).