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From: Luiz Augusto von Dentz <luiz.dentz@gmail.com>
To: Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi <desmondcheongzx@gmail.com>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>,
	Marcel Holtmann <marcel@holtmann.org>,
	Johan Hedberg <johan.hedberg@gmail.com>,
	David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>,
	Jakub Kicinski <kuba@kernel.org>,
	sudipm.mukherjee@gmail.com,
	"linux-bluetooth@vger.kernel.org"
	<linux-bluetooth@vger.kernel.org>,
	"open list:NETWORKING [GENERAL]" <netdev@vger.kernel.org>,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	skhan@linuxfoundation.org,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	linux-kernel-mentees@lists.linuxfoundation.org,
	syzbot+2f6d7c28bb4bf7e82060@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v6 1/6] Bluetooth: schedule SCO timeouts with delayed_work
Date: Thu, 2 Sep 2021 16:42:01 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CABBYNZJaPFzU-oXcYkuob0zw16tNcVgoVx8N-_GvL8=nT0Kn3Q@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <e54b3c01-6804-4f0d-3e4b-eba49f881039@gmail.com>

Hi Desmond,

On Thu, Sep 2, 2021 at 4:05 PM Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
<desmondcheongzx@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> On 2/9/21 6:53 pm, Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi wrote:
> > On 2/9/21 5:41 pm, Eric Dumazet wrote:
> >>
> >>
> >> On 9/2/21 12:32 PM, Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi wrote:
> >>>
> >>> Hi Eric,
> >>>
> >>> This actually seems to be a pre-existing error in sco_sock_connect
> >>> that we now hit in sco_sock_timeout.
> >>>
> >>> Any thoughts on the following patch to address the problem?
> >>>
> >>> Link:
> >>> https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210831065601.101185-1-desmondcheongzx@gmail.com/
> >>>
> >>
> >>
> >> syzbot is still working on finding a repro, this is obviously not
> >> trivial,
> >> because this is a race window.
> >>
> >> I think this can happen even with a single SCO connection.
> >>
> >> This might be triggered more easily forcing a delay in sco_sock_timeout()
> >>
> >> diff --git a/net/bluetooth/sco.c b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
> >> index
> >> 98a88158651281c9f75c4e0371044251e976e7ef..71ebe0243fab106c676c308724fe3a3f92a62cbd
> >> 100644
> >> --- a/net/bluetooth/sco.c
> >> +++ b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
> >> @@ -84,8 +84,14 @@ static void sco_sock_timeout(struct work_struct *work)
> >>          sco_conn_lock(conn);
> >>          sk = conn->sk;
> >> -       if (sk)
> >> +       if (sk) {
> >> +               // lets pretend cpu has been busy (in interrupts) for
> >> 100ms
> >> +               int i;
> >> +               for (i=0;i<100000;i++)
> >> +                       udelay(1);
> >> +
> >>                  sock_hold(sk);
> >> +       }>          sco_conn_unlock(conn);
> >>          if (!sk)
> >>
> >>
> >> Stack trace tells us that sco_sock_timeout() is running after last
> >> reference
> >> on socket has been released.
> >>
> >> __refcount_add include/linux/refcount.h:199 [inline]
> >>   __refcount_inc include/linux/refcount.h:250 [inline]
> >>   refcount_inc include/linux/refcount.h:267 [inline]
> >>   sock_hold include/net/sock.h:702 [inline]
> >>   sco_sock_timeout+0x216/0x290 net/bluetooth/sco.c:88
> >>   process_one_work+0x98d/0x1630 kernel/workqueue.c:2276
> >>   worker_thread+0x658/0x11f0 kernel/workqueue.c:2422
> >>   kthread+0x3e5/0x4d0 kernel/kthread.c:319
> >>   ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:295
> >>
> >> This is why I suggested to delay sock_put() to make sure this can not
> >> happen.
> >>
> >> diff --git a/net/bluetooth/sco.c b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
> >> index
> >> 98a88158651281c9f75c4e0371044251e976e7ef..bd0222e3f05a6bcb40cffe8405c9dfff98d7afde
> >> 100644
> >> --- a/net/bluetooth/sco.c
> >> +++ b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
> >> @@ -195,10 +195,11 @@ static void sco_conn_del(struct hci_conn *hcon,
> >> int err)
> >>                  sco_sock_clear_timer(sk);
> >>                  sco_chan_del(sk, err);
> >>                  release_sock(sk);
> >> -               sock_put(sk);
> >>                  /* Ensure no more work items will run before freeing
> >> conn. */
> >>                  cancel_delayed_work_sync(&conn->timeout_work);
> >> +
> >> +               sock_put(sk);
> >>          }
> >>          hcon->sco_data = NULL;
> >>
> >
> > I see where you're going with this, but once sco_chan_del returns, any
> > instance of sco_sock_timeout that hasn't yet called sock_hold will
> > simply return, because conn->sk is NULL. Adding a delay to the
> > sco_conn_lock critical section in sco_sock_timeout would not affect this
> > because sco_chan_del clears conn->sk while holding onto the lock.
> >
> > The main reason that cancel_delayed_work_sync is run there is to make
> > sure that we don't have a UAF on the SCO connection itself after we free
> > conn.
> >
>
> Now that I think about this, the init and cleanup isn't quite right
> either. The delayed work should be initialized when the connection is
> allocated, and we should always cancel all work before freeing:
>
> diff --git a/net/bluetooth/sco.c b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
> index ea18e5b56343..bba5cdb4cb4a 100644
> --- a/net/bluetooth/sco.c
> +++ b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
> @@ -133,6 +133,7 @@ static struct sco_conn *sco_conn_add(struct hci_conn *hcon)
>                 return NULL;
>
>         spin_lock_init(&conn->lock);
> +       INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&conn->timeout_work, sco_sock_timeout);
>
>         hcon->sco_data = conn;
>         conn->hcon = hcon;
> @@ -197,11 +198,11 @@ static void sco_conn_del(struct hci_conn *hcon, int err)
>                 sco_chan_del(sk, err);
>                 release_sock(sk);
>                 sock_put(sk);
> -
> -               /* Ensure no more work items will run before freeing conn. */
> -               cancel_delayed_work_sync(&conn->timeout_work);
>         }
>
> +       /* Ensure no more work items will run before freeing conn. */
> +       cancel_delayed_work_sync(&conn->timeout_work);
> +
>         hcon->sco_data = NULL;
>         kfree(conn);
>   }
> @@ -214,8 +215,6 @@ static void __sco_chan_add(struct sco_conn *conn, struct sock *sk,
>         sco_pi(sk)->conn = conn;
>         conn->sk = sk;
>
> -       INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&conn->timeout_work, sco_sock_timeout);
> -
>         if (parent)
>                 bt_accept_enqueue(parent, sk, true);
>   }

I have come to something similar, do you care to send a proper patch
so we can get this merged.

> > For a single SCO connection with well-formed channel, I think there
> > can't be a race. Here's the reasoning:
> >
> > - For the timeout to be scheduled, a socket must have a channel with a
> > connection.
> >
> > - When a channel between a socket and connection is established, the
> > socket transitions from BT_OPEN to BT_CONNECTED, BT_CONNECT, or
> > BT_CONNECT2.
> >
> > - For a socket to be released, it has to be zapped. For sockets that
> > have a state of BT_CONNECTED, BT_CONNECT, or BT_CONNECT2, they are
> > zapped only when the channel is deleted.
> >
> > - If the channel is deleted (which is protected by sco_conn_lock), then
> > conn->sk is NULL, and sco_sock_timeout simply exits. If we had entered
> > the critical section in sco_sock_timeout before the channel was deleted,
> > then we increased the reference count on the socket, so it won't be
> > freed until sco_sock_timeout is done.
> >
> > Hence, sco_sock_timeout doesn't race with the release of a socket that
> > has a well-formed channel with a connection.
> >
> > But if multiple connections are allocated and overwritten in
> > sco_sock_connect, then none of the above assumptions hold because the
> > SCO connection can't be cleaned up (i.e. conn->sk cannot be set to NULL)
> > when the associated socket is released. This scenario happens in the
> > syzbot reproducer for the crash here:
> > https://syzkaller.appspot.com/bug?id=bcc246d137428d00ed14b476c2068579515fe2bc
> >
> >
> > That aside, upon taking a closer look, I think there is indeed a race
> > lurking in sco_conn_del, but it's not the one that syzbot is hitting.
> > Our sock_hold simply comes too late, and by the time it's called we
> > might have already have freed the socket.
> >
> > So probably something like this needs to happen:
> >
> > diff --git a/net/bluetooth/sco.c b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
> > index fa25b07120c9..ea18e5b56343 100644
> > --- a/net/bluetooth/sco.c
> > +++ b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
> > @@ -187,10 +187,11 @@ static void sco_conn_del(struct hci_conn *hcon,
> > int err)
> >       /* Kill socket */
> >       sco_conn_lock(conn);
> >       sk = conn->sk;
> > +    if (sk)
> > +        sock_hold(sk);
> >       sco_conn_unlock(conn);
> >
> >       if (sk) {
> > -        sock_hold(sk);
> >           lock_sock(sk);
> >           sco_sock_clear_timer(sk);
> >           sco_chan_del(sk, err);
>


-- 
Luiz Augusto von Dentz

  reply	other threads:[~2021-09-02 23:42 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 14+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-10  4:14 [PATCH v6 0/6] Bluetooth: fix locking and socket killing in SCO and RFCOMM Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-10  4:14 ` [PATCH v6 1/6] Bluetooth: schedule SCO timeouts with delayed_work Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-09-02 19:17   ` Eric Dumazet
2021-09-02 19:32     ` Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-09-02 21:41       ` Eric Dumazet
2021-09-02 22:53         ` Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-09-02 23:05           ` Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-09-02 23:42             ` Luiz Augusto von Dentz [this message]
2021-09-03  3:17               ` Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-10  4:14 ` [PATCH v6 2/6] Bluetooth: avoid circular locks in sco_sock_connect Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-10  4:14 ` [PATCH v6 3/6] Bluetooth: switch to lock_sock in SCO Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-10  4:14 ` [PATCH v6 4/6] Bluetooth: serialize calls to sco_sock_{set,clear}_timer Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-10  4:14 ` [PATCH v6 5/6] Bluetooth: switch to lock_sock in RFCOMM Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
2021-08-10  4:14 ` [PATCH v6 6/6] Bluetooth: fix repeated calls to sco_sock_kill Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi

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