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From: Matt Domsch <Matt_Domsch@dell.com>
To: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: alan@redhat.com, <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>, <jgarzik@redhat.com>
Subject: Re: [RFC][PATCH] Dynamic PCI Device IDs
Date: Mon, 5 May 2003 17:51:35 -0500 (CDT)	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <Pine.LNX.4.44.0305051734050.25115-100000@humbolt.us.dell.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20030502231558.GA16209@kroah.com>

> Ah, can't you just not worry about that driver_data field somehow?  

How about this?  I've added a 'uses_driver_data' bit to the struct that
holds the dynids list, and the store_new_id() function always allows
driver_data to be passed in from userspace, but unless the driver sets
'uses_driver_data' (and therefore should check that the values are
reasonable), it only ever gets passed a 0 there.

> Either way, we shouldn't have help files within the kernel.  I'd say
> nuke them, and write up some good documentation :)

Done.

> Also, do we really need to keep a list of id's visible to
> userspace?  I'd say drop it for now, it keeps the code simpler.

Done.

I've nuked the subdirectory/kobject, probe_it file, all exporting
dynids, and fixed up Documentation/pci.txt.  Certainly much simpler.

I've tested this against 2.5.69 by removing an e100 ID from the source
and adding it back in via the new_id file.

Patch against 2.5.69 below, and at:
  http://domsch.com/linux/patches/dynids/linux-2.5/linux-2.5.69-dynids-20030505.patch.bz2
  http://domsch.com/linux/patches/dynids/linux-2.5/linux-2.5.69-dynids-20030505.patch.bz2.asc

 Documentation/pci.txt      |   24 +++
 drivers/pci/pci-driver.c   |  297 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 include/linux/pci-dynids.h |   18 ++
 include/linux/pci.h        |   16 ++
 4 files changed, 326 insertions, 29 deletions

BK (with complete change history):
http://mdomsch.bkbits.net/linux-2.5-dynids

This will update the following files:

 drivers/pci/pci-sysfs-dynids.c |  251 ---------------------------
 Documentation/pci.txt          |   24 ++
 drivers/pci/Makefile           |    4 
 drivers/pci/pci-driver.c       |  381 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
 drivers/pci/pci-sysfs-dynids.c |  251 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/pci/pci.h              |    2 
 include/linux/device.h         |   22 +-
 include/linux/pci-dynids.h     |   68 ++++---
 include/linux/pci.h            |   28 ++-
 9 files changed, 664 insertions(+), 367 deletions(-)

through these ChangeSets:

<Matt_Domsch@dell.com> (03/05/05 1.1066)
   pci.h whitespace cleanups

<Matt_Domsch@dell.com> (03/05/05 1.1065)
   PCI dynids - documentation fixes, id_table NULL check

<Matt_Domsch@dell.com> (03/05/05 1.1042.92.2)
   Shrink dynids feature set
   
   Per recommendation from GregKH:
   Remove directory 'dynamic_id'
   Remove exporting dynamic_id/0 files
   Remove probe_it driver attribute
   Move new_id into driver directory as a driver attribute.  Make it
   probe when new IDs are added.
   Move attribute existance test into pci-driver.c completely.
   

<Matt_Domsch@dell.com> (03/04/16 1.1042.8.1)
   Device Driver Dynamic PCI Device IDs
   
   Provides a mechanism to pass new PCI device IDs to device drivers
   at runtime, rather than relying only on a static compiled-in list
   of supported IDs.
   [...]


Feedback appreciated.

Thanks,
Matt

-- 
Matt Domsch
Sr. Software Engineer, Lead Engineer, Architect
Dell Linux Solutions www.dell.com/linux
Linux on Dell mailing lists @ http://lists.us.dell.com

diff -Nur --exclude=RCS --exclude=CVS --exclude=SCCS --exclude=BitKeeper --exclude=ChangeSet linux-2.5/Documentation/pci.txt dynids/linux-2.5-dynids/Documentation/pci.txt
--- linux-2.5/Documentation/pci.txt	Mon May  5 17:19:05 2003
+++ dynids/linux-2.5-dynids/Documentation/pci.txt	Mon May  5 17:16:31 2003
@@ -45,8 +45,6 @@
 	id_table	Pointer to table of device ID's the driver is
 			interested in.  Most drivers should export this
 			table using MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(pci,...).
-			Set to NULL to call probe() function for every
-			PCI device known to the system.
 	probe		Pointer to a probing function which gets called (during
 			execution of pci_register_driver for already existing
 			devices or later if a new device gets inserted) for all
@@ -82,6 +80,28 @@
 	class,		Device class to match. The class_mask tells which bits
 	class_mask	of the class are honored during the comparison.
 	driver_data	Data private to the driver.
+
+Most drivers don't need to use the driver_data field.  Best practice
+for use of driver_data is to use it as an index into a static list of
+equivalant device types, not to use it as a pointer.
+
+Have a table entry {PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID}
+to have probe() called for every PCI device known to the system.
+
+New PCI IDs may be added to a device driver at runtime by writing
+to the file /sys/bus/pci/drivers/{driver}/new_id.  When added, the
+driver will probe for all devices it can support.
+
+echo "vendor device subvendor subdevice class class_mask driver_data" > \
+ /sys/bus/pci/drivers/{driver}/new_id
+where all fields are passed in as hexadecimal values (no leading 0x).
+Users need pass only as many fields as necessary; vendor, device,
+subvendor, and subdevice fields default to PCI_ANY_ID (FFFFFFFF),
+class and classmask fields default to 0, and driver_data defaults to
+0UL.  Device drivers must call
+   pci_dynids_set_use_driver_data(pci_driver *, 1)
+in order for the driver_data field to get passed to the driver.
+Otherwise, only a 0 is passed in that field.
 
 When the driver exits, it just calls pci_unregister_driver() and the PCI layer
 automatically calls the remove hook for all devices handled by the driver.
diff -Nur --exclude=RCS --exclude=CVS --exclude=SCCS --exclude=BitKeeper --exclude=ChangeSet linux-2.5/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c dynids/linux-2.5-dynids/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
--- linux-2.5/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c	Mon May  5 17:19:31 2003
+++ dynids/linux-2.5-dynids/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c	Mon May  5 17:16:50 2003
@@ -6,6 +6,8 @@
 #include <linux/pci.h>
 #include <linux/module.h>
 #include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/pci-dynids.h>
 #include "pci.h"
 
 /*
@@ -13,6 +15,26 @@
  */
 
 /**
+ * pci_match_one_device - Tell if a PCI device structure has a matching PCI device id structure
+ * @id: single PCI device id structure to match
+ * @dev: the PCI device structure to match against
+ * 
+ * Returns the matching pci_device_id structure or %NULL if there is no match.
+ */
+
+static inline const struct pci_device_id *
+pci_match_one_device(const struct pci_device_id *id, const struct pci_dev *dev)
+{
+	if ((id->vendor == PCI_ANY_ID || id->vendor == dev->vendor) &&
+	    (id->device == PCI_ANY_ID || id->device == dev->device) &&
+	    (id->subvendor == PCI_ANY_ID || id->subvendor == dev->subsystem_vendor) &&
+	    (id->subdevice == PCI_ANY_ID || id->subdevice == dev->subsystem_device) &&
+	    !((id->class ^ dev->class) & id->class_mask))
+		return id;
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+/**
  * pci_match_device - Tell if a PCI device structure has a matching PCI device id structure
  * @ids: array of PCI device id structures to search in
  * @dev: the PCI device structure to match against
@@ -25,17 +47,90 @@
 pci_match_device(const struct pci_device_id *ids, const struct pci_dev *dev)
 {
 	while (ids->vendor || ids->subvendor || ids->class_mask) {
-		if ((ids->vendor == PCI_ANY_ID || ids->vendor == dev->vendor) &&
-		    (ids->device == PCI_ANY_ID || ids->device == dev->device) &&
-		    (ids->subvendor == PCI_ANY_ID || ids->subvendor == dev->subsystem_vendor) &&
-		    (ids->subdevice == PCI_ANY_ID || ids->subdevice == dev->subsystem_device) &&
-		    !((ids->class ^ dev->class) & ids->class_mask))
-			return ids;
+		if (pci_match_one_device(ids, dev))
+		    return ids;
 		ids++;
 	}
 	return NULL;
 }
 
+/**
+ * pci_device_probe_static()
+ * 
+ * returns 0 and sets pci_dev->driver when drv claims pci_dev, else error.
+ */
+static int
+pci_device_probe_static(struct pci_driver *drv,
+			  struct pci_dev *pci_dev)
+{		   
+	int error = -ENODEV;
+	const struct pci_device_id *id;
+
+	if (!drv->id_table)
+		return error;
+	id = pci_match_device(drv->id_table, pci_dev);
+	if (id)
+		error = drv->probe(pci_dev, id);
+	if (error >= 0) {
+		pci_dev->driver = drv;
+		return 0;
+	}
+	return error;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pci_device_probe_dynamic()
+ * 
+ * Walk the dynamic ID list looking for a match.
+ * returns 0 and sets pci_dev->driver when drv claims pci_dev, else error.
+ */
+static int
+pci_device_probe_dynamic(struct pci_driver *drv,
+			   struct pci_dev *pci_dev)
+{		   
+	int error = -ENODEV;
+	struct list_head *pos;
+	struct dynid *dynid;
+	
+	spin_lock(&drv->dynids.lock);
+	list_for_each(pos, &drv->dynids.list) {
+		dynid = list_entry(pos, struct dynid, node);
+		if (pci_match_one_device(&dynid->id, pci_dev)) {
+			spin_unlock(&drv->dynids.lock);
+			error = drv->probe(pci_dev, &dynid->id);
+			if (error >= 0) {
+				pci_dev->driver = drv;
+				return 0;
+			}
+			return error;
+		}
+	}
+	spin_unlock(&drv->dynids.lock);
+	return error;
+}
+
+/**
+ * __pci_device_probe()
+ * 
+ * returns 0  on success, else error.
+ * side-effect: pci_dev->driver is set to drv when drv claims pci_dev.
+ */
+static int
+__pci_device_probe(struct pci_driver *drv,
+		   struct pci_dev *pci_dev)
+{		   
+	int error = 0;
+
+	if (!pci_dev->driver && drv->probe) {
+		error = pci_device_probe_static(drv, pci_dev);
+		if (error >= 0)
+			return error;
+
+		error = pci_device_probe_dynamic(drv, pci_dev);
+	}
+	return error;
+}
+
 static int pci_device_probe(struct device * dev)
 {
 	int error = 0;
@@ -44,17 +139,9 @@
 
 	drv = to_pci_driver(dev->driver);
 	pci_dev = to_pci_dev(dev);
-
-	if (!pci_dev->driver && drv->probe) {
-		const struct pci_device_id *id;
-
-		id = pci_match_device(drv->id_table, pci_dev);
-		if (id)
-			error = drv->probe(pci_dev, id);
-		if (error >= 0) {
-			pci_dev->driver = drv;
-			error = 0;
-		}
+	if (get_device(dev)) {
+		error = __pci_device_probe(drv, pci_dev);
+		put_device(dev);
 	}
 	return error;
 }
@@ -101,6 +188,149 @@
 	return 0;
 }
 
+/*
+ * If __pci_device_probe() returns 0, it matched at least one previously
+ * unclaimed device.  If it returns -ENODEV, it didn't match.  Both are
+ * alright in this case, just keep searching for new devices.
+ */
+
+static int
+probe_each_pci_dev(struct pci_driver *drv)
+{
+	struct pci_dev *pci_dev=NULL;
+	int error = 0;
+	pci_for_each_dev(pci_dev) {
+		if (get_device(&pci_dev->dev)) {
+			error = __pci_device_probe(drv, pci_dev);
+			put_device(&pci_dev->dev);
+			if (error && error != -ENODEV)
+				return error;
+		}
+	}
+	return error;
+}
+
+static inline void
+dynid_init(struct dynid *dynid)
+{
+	memset(dynid, 0, sizeof(*dynid));
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dynid->node);
+}
+
+/**
+ * store_new_id
+ * @ pdrv
+ * @ buf
+ * @ count
+ *
+ * Adds a new dynamic pci device ID to this driver,
+ * and causes the driver to probe for all devices again.
+ */
+static inline ssize_t
+store_new_id(struct device_driver * driver, const char * buf, size_t count)
+{
+	struct dynid *dynid;
+	struct pci_driver *pdrv = to_pci_driver(driver);
+	__u32 vendor=PCI_ANY_ID, device=PCI_ANY_ID, subvendor=PCI_ANY_ID,
+		subdevice=PCI_ANY_ID, class=0, class_mask=0;
+	unsigned long driver_data=0;
+	int fields=0, error=0;
+
+	fields = sscanf(buf, "%x %x %x %x %x %x %lux",
+			&vendor, &device, &subvendor, &subdevice,
+			&class, &class_mask, &driver_data);
+	if (fields < 0) return -EINVAL;
+
+	dynid = kmalloc(sizeof(*dynid), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!dynid) return -ENOMEM;
+	dynid_init(dynid);
+
+	dynid->id.vendor = vendor;
+	dynid->id.device = device;
+	dynid->id.subvendor = subvendor;
+	dynid->id.subdevice = subdevice;
+	dynid->id.class = class;
+	dynid->id.class_mask = class_mask;
+	dynid->id.driver_data = pdrv->dynids.use_driver_data ? driver_data : 0UL;
+
+	spin_lock(&pdrv->dynids.lock);
+	list_add(&pdrv->dynids.list, &dynid->node);
+	spin_unlock(&pdrv->dynids.lock);
+
+        if (get_driver(&pdrv->driver)) {
+                error = probe_each_pci_dev(pdrv);
+                put_driver(&pdrv->driver);
+        }
+        if (error < 0)
+                return error;
+        return count;
+
+
+	return count;
+}
+
+static DRIVER_ATTR(new_id, S_IWUSR, NULL, store_new_id);
+
+#define kobj_to_pci_driver(obj) container_of(obj, struct device_driver, kobj)
+#define attr_to_driver_attribute(obj) container_of(obj, struct driver_attribute, attr)
+
+static ssize_t
+pci_driver_attr_show(struct kobject * kobj, struct attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct device_driver *driver = kobj_to_pci_driver(kobj);
+	struct driver_attribute *dattr = attr_to_driver_attribute(attr);
+	ssize_t ret = 0;
+
+	if (get_driver(driver)) {
+		if (dattr->show)
+			ret = dattr->show(driver, buf);
+		put_driver(driver);
+	}
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static ssize_t
+pci_driver_attr_store(struct kobject * kobj, struct attribute *attr,
+		      const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+	struct device_driver *driver = kobj_to_pci_driver(kobj);
+	struct driver_attribute *dattr = attr_to_driver_attribute(attr);
+	ssize_t ret = 0;
+
+	if (get_driver(driver)) {
+		if (dattr->store)
+			ret = dattr->store(driver, buf, count);
+		put_driver(driver);
+	}
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static struct sysfs_ops pci_driver_sysfs_ops = {
+	.show = pci_driver_attr_show,
+	.store = pci_driver_attr_store,
+};
+static struct kobj_type pci_driver_kobj_type = {
+	.sysfs_ops     = &pci_driver_sysfs_ops,
+};
+
+static int
+pci_populate_driver_dir(struct pci_driver * drv)
+{
+	int error = 0;
+
+	if (drv->probe != NULL)
+		error = sysfs_create_file(&drv->driver.kobj,&driver_attr_new_id.attr);
+	return error;
+}
+
+static inline void
+pci_init_dynids(struct pci_dynids *dynids)
+{
+	memset(dynids, 0, sizeof(*dynids));
+	spin_lock_init(&dynids->lock);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dynids->list);
+}
+
 /**
  * pci_register_driver - register a new pci driver
  * @drv: the driver structure to register
@@ -122,9 +352,16 @@
 	drv->driver.resume = pci_device_resume;
 	drv->driver.suspend = pci_device_suspend;
 	drv->driver.remove = pci_device_remove;
+	drv->driver.kobj.ktype = &pci_driver_kobj_type;
+	pci_init_dynids(&drv->dynids);
 
 	/* register with core */
 	count = driver_register(&drv->driver);
+
+	if (count >= 0) {
+		pci_populate_driver_dir(drv);
+	}
+		
 	return count ? count : 1;
 }
 
@@ -180,22 +417,30 @@
  */
 static int pci_bus_match(struct device * dev, struct device_driver * drv) 
 {
-	struct pci_dev * pci_dev = to_pci_dev(dev);
+	const struct pci_dev * pci_dev = to_pci_dev(dev);
 	struct pci_driver * pci_drv = to_pci_driver(drv);
 	const struct pci_device_id * ids = pci_drv->id_table;
+	const struct pci_device_id *found_id;
+	struct list_head *pos;
+	struct dynid *dynid;
 
-	if (!ids) 
+	if (!ids)
 		return 0;
 
-	while (ids->vendor || ids->subvendor || ids->class_mask) {
-		if ((ids->vendor == PCI_ANY_ID || ids->vendor == pci_dev->vendor) &&
-		    (ids->device == PCI_ANY_ID || ids->device == pci_dev->device) &&
-		    (ids->subvendor == PCI_ANY_ID || ids->subvendor == pci_dev->subsystem_vendor) &&
-		    (ids->subdevice == PCI_ANY_ID || ids->subdevice == pci_dev->subsystem_device) &&
-		    !((ids->class ^ pci_dev->class) & ids->class_mask))
+	found_id = pci_match_device(ids, pci_dev);
+	if (found_id) 
+		return 1;
+
+	spin_lock(&pci_drv->dynids.lock);
+	list_for_each(pos, &pci_drv->dynids.list) {
+		dynid = list_entry(pos, struct dynid, node);
+		if (pci_match_one_device(&dynid->id, pci_dev)) {
+			spin_unlock(&pci_drv->dynids.lock);
 			return 1;
-		ids++;
+		}
 	}
+	spin_unlock(&pci_drv->dynids.lock);
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
diff -Nur --exclude=RCS --exclude=CVS --exclude=SCCS --exclude=BitKeeper --exclude=ChangeSet linux-2.5/include/linux/pci-dynids.h dynids/linux-2.5-dynids/include/linux/pci-dynids.h
--- linux-2.5/include/linux/pci-dynids.h	Wed Dec 31 18:00:00 1969
+++ dynids/linux-2.5-dynids/include/linux/pci-dynids.h	Mon May  5 17:17:07 2003
@@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
+/*
+ *	PCI defines and function prototypes
+ *	Copyright 2003 Dell Computer Corporation
+ *        by Matt Domsch <Matt_Domsch@dell.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef LINUX_PCI_DYNIDS_H
+#define LINUX_PCI_DYNIDS_H
+
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/mod_devicetable.h>
+
+struct dynid {
+	struct list_head        node;
+	struct pci_device_id    id;
+};
+
+#endif
diff -Nur --exclude=RCS --exclude=CVS --exclude=SCCS --exclude=BitKeeper --exclude=ChangeSet linux-2.5/include/linux/pci.h dynids/linux-2.5-dynids/include/linux/pci.h
--- linux-2.5/include/linux/pci.h	Mon May  5 17:19:51 2003
+++ dynids/linux-2.5-dynids/include/linux/pci.h	Mon May  5 17:26:41 2003
@@ -490,10 +490,16 @@
 	unsigned long end;
 };
 
+struct pci_dynids {
+	spinlock_t lock;            /* protects list, index */
+	struct list_head list;      /* for IDs added at runtime */
+	unsigned int use_driver_data:1; /* pci_driver->driver_data is used */
+};
+
 struct pci_driver {
 	struct list_head node;
 	char *name;
-	const struct pci_device_id *id_table;	/* NULL if wants all devices */
+	const struct pci_device_id *id_table;	/* must be non-NULL for probe to be called */
 	int  (*probe)  (struct pci_dev *dev, const struct pci_device_id *id);	/* New device inserted */
 	void (*remove) (struct pci_dev *dev);	/* Device removed (NULL if not a hot-plug capable driver) */
 	int  (*save_state) (struct pci_dev *dev, u32 state);    /* Save Device Context */
@@ -502,6 +508,7 @@
 	int  (*enable_wake) (struct pci_dev *dev, u32 state, int enable);   /* Enable wake event */
 
 	struct device_driver	driver;
+	struct pci_dynids dynids;
 };
 
 #define	to_pci_driver(drv) container_of(drv,struct pci_driver, driver)
@@ -702,6 +709,12 @@
 			 struct pci_bus_wrapped *wrapped_parent);
 extern int pci_remove_device_safe(struct pci_dev *dev);
 
+static inline void
+pci_dynids_set_use_driver_data(struct pci_driver *pdrv, int val)
+{
+	pdrv->dynids.use_driver_data = val;
+}
+
 #endif /* CONFIG_PCI */
 
 /* Include architecture-dependent settings and functions */
@@ -750,6 +763,7 @@
 static inline int scsi_to_pci_dma_dir(unsigned char scsi_dir) { return scsi_dir; }
 static inline int pci_find_capability (struct pci_dev *dev, int cap) {return 0; }
 static inline const struct pci_device_id *pci_match_device(const struct pci_device_id *ids, const struct pci_dev *dev) { return NULL; }
+static inline void pci_dynids_set_use_driver_data(struct pci_driver *pdrv, int val) { }
 
 /* Power management related routines */
 static inline int pci_save_state(struct pci_dev *dev, u32 *buffer) { return 0; }



  parent reply	other threads:[~2003-05-05 22:39 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 15+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2003-05-01  0:39 Matt_Domsch
2003-05-02 23:15 ` Greg KH
2003-05-05  5:37   ` Jeff Garzik
2003-05-06  0:17     ` Greg KH
2003-05-05 22:51   ` Matt Domsch [this message]
2003-05-06  0:15     ` Greg KH
  -- strict thread matches above, loose matches on Subject: below --
2003-05-06  2:04 Matt_Domsch
2003-05-06  3:56 ` Greg KH
2003-05-06 16:35   ` Matt Domsch
2003-05-10  0:11     ` Greg KH
2003-05-13 21:28     ` Patrick Mochel
2003-05-13 21:33       ` Patrick Mochel
2003-04-30 21:45 Matt Domsch
2003-04-30 21:53 ` Jeff Garzik
2003-04-30 22:24 ` Greg KH

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