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From: John Hurley <john.hurley@netronome.com>
To: Vlad Buslov <vladbu@mellanox.com>
Cc: Jiri Pirko <jiri@mellanox.com>,
	"netdev@vger.kernel.org" <netdev@vger.kernel.org>,
	"simon.horman@netronome.com" <simon.horman@netronome.com>,
	"jakub.kicinski@netronome.com" <jakub.kicinski@netronome.com>,
	"oss-drivers@netronome.com" <oss-drivers@netronome.com>
Subject: Re: [RFC net-next 0/2] prevent sync issues with hw offload of flower
Date: Fri, 4 Oct 2019 17:06:11 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAK+XE==Bfc8V83F7FgtWG9+d+-99BAgAoTR3tSSDV=UHo5PtCA@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <vbf36g8jyeh.fsf@mellanox.com>

On Fri, Oct 4, 2019 at 4:58 PM Vlad Buslov <vladbu@mellanox.com> wrote:
>
>
> On Fri 04 Oct 2019 at 18:39, John Hurley <john.hurley@netronome.com> wrote:
> > On Thu, Oct 3, 2019 at 6:19 PM Vlad Buslov <vladbu@mellanox.com> wrote:
> >>
> >>
> >> On Thu 03 Oct 2019 at 19:59, John Hurley <john.hurley@netronome.com> wrote:
> >> > On Thu, Oct 3, 2019 at 5:26 PM Vlad Buslov <vladbu@mellanox.com> wrote:
> >> >>
> >> >>
> >> >> On Thu 03 Oct 2019 at 02:14, John Hurley <john.hurley@netronome.com> wrote:
> >> >> > Hi,
> >> >> >
> >> >> > Putting this out an RFC built on net-next. It fixes some issues
> >> >> > discovered in testing when using the TC API of OvS to generate flower
> >> >> > rules and subsequently offloading them to HW. Rules seen contain the same
> >> >> > match fields or may be rule modifications run as a delete plus an add.
> >> >> > We're seeing race conditions whereby the rules present in kernel flower
> >> >> > are out of sync with those offloaded. Note that there are some issues
> >> >> > that will need fixed in the RFC before it becomes a patch such as
> >> >> > potential races between releasing locks and re-taking them. However, I'm
> >> >> > putting this out for comments or potential alternative solutions.
> >> >> >
> >> >> > The main cause of the races seem to be in the chain table of cls_api. If
> >> >> > a tcf_proto is destroyed then it is removed from its chain. If a new
> >> >> > filter is then added to the same chain with the same priority and protocol
> >> >> > a new tcf_proto will be created - this may happen before the first is
> >> >> > fully removed and the hw offload message sent to the driver. In cls_flower
> >> >> > this means that the fl_ht_insert_unique() function can pass as its
> >> >> > hashtable is associated with the tcf_proto. We are then in a position
> >> >> > where the 'delete' and the 'add' are in a race to get offloaded. We also
> >> >> > noticed that doing an offload add, then checking if a tcf_proto is
> >> >> > concurrently deleting, then remove the offload if it is, can extend the
> >> >> > out of order messages. Drivers do not expect to get duplicate rules.
> >> >> > However, the kernel TC datapath they are not duplicates so we can get out
> >> >> > of sync here.
> >> >> >
> >> >> > The RFC fixes this by adding a pre_destroy hook to cls_api that is called
> >> >> > when a tcf_proto is signaled to be destroyed but before it is removed from
> >> >> > its chain (which is essentially the lock for allowing duplicates in
> >> >> > flower). Flower then uses this new hook to send the hw delete messages
> >> >> > from tcf_proto destroys, preventing them racing with duplicate adds. It
> >> >> > also moves the check for 'deleting' to before the sending the hw add
> >> >> > message.
> >> >> >
> >> >> > John Hurley (2):
> >> >> >   net: sched: add tp_op for pre_destroy
> >> >> >   net: sched: fix tp destroy race conditions in flower
> >> >> >
> >> >> >  include/net/sch_generic.h |  3 +++
> >> >> >  net/sched/cls_api.c       | 29 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> >> >> >  net/sched/cls_flower.c    | 55 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------------
> >> >> >  3 files changed, 61 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)
> >> >>
> >> >> Hi John,
> >> >>
> >> >> Thanks for working on this!
> >> >>
> >> >> Are there any other sources for race conditions described in this
> >> >> letter? When you describe tcf_proto deletion you say "main cause" but
> >> >> don't provide any others. If tcf_proto is the only problematic part,
> >> >
> >> > Hi Vlad,
> >> > Thanks for the input.
> >> > The tcf_proto deletion was the cause from the tests we ran. That's not
> >> > to say there are not more I wasn't seeing in my analysis.
> >> >
> >> >> then it might be worth to look into alternative ways to force concurrent
> >> >> users to wait for proto deletion/destruction to be properly finished.
> >> >> Maybe having some table that maps chain id + prio to completion would be
> >> >> simpler approach? With such infra tcf_proto_create() can wait for
> >> >> previous proto with same prio and chain to be fully destroyed (including
> >> >> offloads) before creating a new one.
> >> >
> >> > I think a problem with this is that the chain removal functions call
> >> > tcf_proto_put() (which calls destroy when ref is 0) so, if other
> >> > concurrent processes (like a dump) have references to the tcf_proto
> >> > then we may not get the hw offload even by the time the chain deletion
> >> > function has finished. We would need to make sure this was tracked -
> >> > say after the tcf_proto_destroy function has completed.
> >> > How would you suggest doing the wait? With a replay flag as happens in
> >> > some other places?
> >> >
> >> > To me it seems the main problem is that the tcf_proto being in a chain
> >> > almost acts like the lock to prevent duplicates filters getting to the
> >> > driver. We need some mechanism to ensure a delete has made it to HW
> >> > before we release this 'lock'.
> >>
> >> Maybe something like:
> >
> > Ok, I'll need to give this more thought.
> > Initially it does sound like overkill.
> >
> >>
> >> 1. Extend block with hash table with key being chain id and prio
> >> combined and value is some structure that contains struct completion
> >> (completed in tcf_proto_destroy() where we sure that all rules were
> >> removed from hw) and a reference counter.
> >>
> >
> > Maybe it could live in each chain rather than block to be more fine grained?
> > Or would this potentially cause a similar issue on deletion of chains?
>
> IMO just having one per block is straightforward enough, unless there is
> a reason to make it per chain.
>
> >
> >> 2. When cls API wants to delete proto instance
> >> (tcf_chain_tp_delete_empty(), chain flush, etc.), new member is added to
> >> table from 1. with chain+prio of proto that is being deleted (atomically
> >> with detaching of proto from chain).
> >>
> >> 3. When inserting new proto, verify that there are no corresponding
> >> entry in hash table with same chain+prio. If there is, increment
> >> reference counter and wait for completion. Release reference counter
> >> when completed.
> >
> > How would the 'wait' work? Loop back via replay flag?
>
> What is "loop back via replay flag"?

Ok, bad description :)
I was referring the EAGAIN error returns used in other places post RTNL removal.
e.g. https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v5.4-rc1/source/net/sched/cls_flower.c#L1606

> Anyway, I was suggesting to use struct completion from completion.h,
> which has following functions in its API:
>

thanks for the pointer.

> /**
>  * wait_for_completion: - waits for completion of a task
>  * @x:  holds the state of this particular completion
>  *
>  * This waits to be signaled for completion of a specific task. It is NOT
>  * interruptible and there is no timeout.
>  *
>  * See also similar routines (i.e. wait_for_completion_timeout()) with timeout
>  * and interrupt capability. Also see complete().
>  */
> void __sched wait_for_completion(struct completion *x)
>
> /**
>  * complete_all: - signals all threads waiting on this completion
>  * @x:  holds the state of this particular completion
>  *
>  * This will wake up all threads waiting on this particular completion event.
>  *
>  * If this function wakes up a task, it executes a full memory barrier before
>  * accessing the task state.
>  *
>  * Since complete_all() sets the completion of @x permanently to done
>  * to allow multiple waiters to finish, a call to reinit_completion()
>  * must be used on @x if @x is to be used again. The code must make
>  * sure that all waiters have woken and finished before reinitializing
>  * @x. Also note that the function completion_done() can not be used
>  * to know if there are still waiters after complete_all() has been called.
>  */
> void complete_all(struct completion *x)
>
>
> > It feels a bit like we are adding a lot more complexity to this and
> > almost hacking something in to work around a (relatively) newly
> > introduced problem.
>
> I'm not insisting on any particular approach, just suggesting something
> which in my opinion is easier to implement than reshuffling locking in
> flower and directly targets the problem you described in cover letter -
> new filters can be inserted while concurrent destruction of tp with same
> chain id and prio is in progress.
>
> >
> >>
> >> >
> >> >>
> >> >> Regards,
> >> >> Vlad

      reply	other threads:[~2019-10-04 16:06 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 11+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-10-02 23:14 John Hurley
2019-10-02 23:14 ` [RFC net-next 1/2] net: sched: add tp_op for pre_destroy John Hurley
2019-10-02 23:14 ` [RFC net-next 2/2] net: sched: fix tp destroy race conditions in flower John Hurley
2019-10-03 16:18   ` Vlad Buslov
2019-10-03 16:39     ` John Hurley
2019-10-03 16:26 ` [RFC net-next 0/2] prevent sync issues with hw offload of flower Vlad Buslov
2019-10-03 16:59   ` John Hurley
2019-10-03 17:19     ` Vlad Buslov
2019-10-04 15:39       ` John Hurley
2019-10-04 15:58         ` Vlad Buslov
2019-10-04 16:06           ` John Hurley [this message]

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