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* [PATCH tip/core/rcu 0/6] Track callbacks on a per-segment basis
@ 2021-01-06  1:25 Paul E. McKenney
  2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 1/6] rcu/tree: Make rcu_do_batch count how many callbacks were executed paulmck
                   ` (5 more replies)
  0 siblings, 6 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: Paul E. McKenney @ 2021-01-06  1:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: rcu
  Cc: linux-kernel, kernel-team, mingo, jiangshanlai, akpm,
	mathieu.desnoyers, josh, tglx, peterz, rostedt, dhowells,
	edumazet, fweisbec, oleg, joel

Hello!

This series adds counts to the rcu_segcblist structure that track the
number of callbacks in each segment, allowing RCU to distinguish between
(for example) a need to get grace periods done or get callbacks invoked
(or, for that matter, both).

1.	Make rcu_do_batch count how many callbacks were executed,
	courtesy of "Joel Fernandes (Google)".

2.	Add additional comments to explain smp_mb(), courtesy of "Joel
	Fernandes (Google)".

3.	Add counters to segcblist datastructure, courtesy of "Joel
	Fernandes (Google)".

4.	segcblist: Remove redundant smp_mb()s, courtesy of "Joel Fernandes
	(Google)".

5.	Add tracing for how segcb list changes, courtesy of "Joel
	Fernandes (Google)".

6.	Add debug checks for segment lengths, courtesy of "Joel Fernandes
	(Google)".

						Thanx, Paul

------------------------------------------------------------------------

 include/linux/rcu_segcblist.h |    1 
 include/trace/events/rcu.h    |   26 +++++
 kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c    |  203 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h    |    6 -
 kernel/rcu/srcutree.c         |    5 -
 kernel/rcu/tree.c             |   29 ++++--
 6 files changed, 209 insertions(+), 61 deletions(-)

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [PATCH tip/core/rcu 1/6] rcu/tree: Make rcu_do_batch count how many callbacks were executed
  2021-01-06  1:25 [PATCH tip/core/rcu 0/6] Track callbacks on a per-segment basis Paul E. McKenney
@ 2021-01-06  1:26 ` paulmck
  2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 2/6] rcu/segcblist: Add additional comments to explain smp_mb() paulmck
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  5 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: paulmck @ 2021-01-06  1:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: rcu
  Cc: linux-kernel, kernel-team, mingo, jiangshanlai, akpm,
	mathieu.desnoyers, josh, tglx, peterz, rostedt, dhowells,
	edumazet, fweisbec, oleg, joel, Paul E . McKenney

From: "Joel Fernandes (Google)" <joel@joelfernandes.org>

The rcu_do_batch() function extracts the ready-to-invoke callbacks
from the rcu_segcblist located in the ->cblist field of the current
CPU's rcu_data structure.  These callbacks are first moved to a local
(unsegmented) rcu_cblist.  The rcu_do_batch() function then uses this
rcu_cblist's ->len field to count how many CBs it has invoked, but it
does so by counting that field down from zero.  Finally, this function
negates the value in this ->len field (resulting in a positive number)
and subtracts the result from the ->len field of the current CPU's
->cblist field.

Except that it is sometimes necessary for rcu_do_batch() to stop invoking
callbacks mid-stream, despite there being more ready to invoke, for
example, if a high-priority task wakes up.  In this case the remaining
not-yet-invoked callbacks are requeued back onto the CPU's ->cblist,
but remain in the ready-to-invoke segment of that list.  As above, the
negative of the local rcu_cblist's ->len field is still subtracted from
the ->len field of the current CPU's ->cblist field.

The design of counting down from 0 is confusing and error-prone, plus
use of a positive count will make it easier to provide a uniform and
consistent API to deal with the per-segment counts that are added
later in this series.  For example, rcu_segcblist_extract_done_cbs()
can unconditionally populate the resulting unsegmented list's ->len
field during extraction.

This commit therefore explicitly counts how many callbacks were executed
in rcu_do_batch() itself, counting up from zero, and then uses that
to update the per-CPU segcb list's ->len field, without relying on the
downcounting of rcl->len from zero.

Reviewed-by: Frederic Weisbecker <frederic@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Neeraj Upadhyay <neeraju@codeaurora.org>
Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
---
 kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c |  2 +-
 kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h |  1 +
 kernel/rcu/tree.c          | 11 +++++------
 3 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
index 2d2a6b6b9..bb246d8 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
@@ -95,7 +95,7 @@ static void rcu_segcblist_set_len(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, long v)
  * This increase is fully ordered with respect to the callers accesses
  * both before and after.
  */
-static void rcu_segcblist_add_len(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, long v)
+void rcu_segcblist_add_len(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, long v)
 {
 #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
 	smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* Up to the caller! */
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h
index 492262b..1d2d614 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h
@@ -76,6 +76,7 @@ static inline bool rcu_segcblist_restempty(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int seg)
 }
 
 void rcu_segcblist_inc_len(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp);
+void rcu_segcblist_add_len(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, long v);
 void rcu_segcblist_init(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp);
 void rcu_segcblist_disable(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp);
 void rcu_segcblist_offload(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp);
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index 40e5e3d..cc6f379 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -2434,7 +2434,7 @@ static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_data *rdp)
 	const bool offloaded = rcu_segcblist_is_offloaded(&rdp->cblist);
 	struct rcu_head *rhp;
 	struct rcu_cblist rcl = RCU_CBLIST_INITIALIZER(rcl);
-	long bl, count;
+	long bl, count = 0;
 	long pending, tlimit = 0;
 
 	/* If no callbacks are ready, just return. */
@@ -2479,6 +2479,7 @@ static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_data *rdp)
 	for (; rhp; rhp = rcu_cblist_dequeue(&rcl)) {
 		rcu_callback_t f;
 
+		count++;
 		debug_rcu_head_unqueue(rhp);
 
 		rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_callback_map);
@@ -2492,15 +2493,14 @@ static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_data *rdp)
 
 		/*
 		 * Stop only if limit reached and CPU has something to do.
-		 * Note: The rcl structure counts down from zero.
 		 */
-		if (-rcl.len >= bl && !offloaded &&
+		if (count >= bl && !offloaded &&
 		    (need_resched() ||
 		     (!is_idle_task(current) && !rcu_is_callbacks_kthread())))
 			break;
 		if (unlikely(tlimit)) {
 			/* only call local_clock() every 32 callbacks */
-			if (likely((-rcl.len & 31) || local_clock() < tlimit))
+			if (likely((count & 31) || local_clock() < tlimit))
 				continue;
 			/* Exceeded the time limit, so leave. */
 			break;
@@ -2517,7 +2517,6 @@ static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_data *rdp)
 
 	local_irq_save(flags);
 	rcu_nocb_lock(rdp);
-	count = -rcl.len;
 	rdp->n_cbs_invoked += count;
 	trace_rcu_batch_end(rcu_state.name, count, !!rcl.head, need_resched(),
 			    is_idle_task(current), rcu_is_callbacks_kthread());
@@ -2525,7 +2524,7 @@ static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_data *rdp)
 	/* Update counts and requeue any remaining callbacks. */
 	rcu_segcblist_insert_done_cbs(&rdp->cblist, &rcl);
 	smp_mb(); /* List handling before counting for rcu_barrier(). */
-	rcu_segcblist_insert_count(&rdp->cblist, &rcl);
+	rcu_segcblist_add_len(&rdp->cblist, -count);
 
 	/* Reinstate batch limit if we have worked down the excess. */
 	count = rcu_segcblist_n_cbs(&rdp->cblist);
-- 
2.9.5


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [PATCH tip/core/rcu 2/6] rcu/segcblist: Add additional comments to explain smp_mb()
  2021-01-06  1:25 [PATCH tip/core/rcu 0/6] Track callbacks on a per-segment basis Paul E. McKenney
  2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 1/6] rcu/tree: Make rcu_do_batch count how many callbacks were executed paulmck
@ 2021-01-06  1:26 ` paulmck
  2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 3/6] rcu/segcblist: Add counters to segcblist datastructure paulmck
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  5 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: paulmck @ 2021-01-06  1:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: rcu
  Cc: linux-kernel, kernel-team, mingo, jiangshanlai, akpm,
	mathieu.desnoyers, josh, tglx, peterz, rostedt, dhowells,
	edumazet, fweisbec, oleg, joel, Paul E . McKenney

From: "Joel Fernandes (Google)" <joel@joelfernandes.org>

One counter-intuitive property of RCU is the fact that full memory
barriers are needed both before and after updates to the full
(non-segmented) length.  This patch therefore helps to assist the
reader's intuition by adding appropriate comments.

[ paulmck:  Wordsmithing. ]
Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
---
 kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c | 68 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 64 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
index bb246d8..0f55864 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
@@ -94,17 +94,77 @@ static void rcu_segcblist_set_len(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, long v)
  * field to disagree with the actual number of callbacks on the structure.
  * This increase is fully ordered with respect to the callers accesses
  * both before and after.
+ *
+ * So why on earth is a memory barrier required both before and after
+ * the update to the ->len field???
+ *
+ * The reason is that rcu_barrier() locklessly samples each CPU's ->len
+ * field, and if a given CPU's field is zero, avoids IPIing that CPU.
+ * This can of course race with both queuing and invoking of callbacks.
+ * Failng to correctly handle either of these races could result in
+ * rcu_barrier() failing to IPI a CPU that actually had callbacks queued
+ * which rcu_barrier() was obligated to wait on.  And if rcu_barrier()
+ * failed to wait on such a callback, unloading certain kernel modules
+ * would result in calls to functions whose code was no longer present in
+ * the kernel, for but one example.
+ *
+ * Therefore, ->len transitions from 1->0 and 0->1 have to be carefully
+ * ordered with respect with both list modifications and the rcu_barrier().
+ *
+ * The queuing case is CASE 1 and the invoking case is CASE 2.
+ *
+ * CASE 1: Suppose that CPU 0 has no callbacks queued, but invokes
+ * call_rcu() just as CPU 1 invokes rcu_barrier().  CPU 0's ->len field
+ * will transition from 0->1, which is one of the transitions that must
+ * be handled carefully.  Without the full memory barriers after the ->len
+ * update and at the beginning of rcu_barrier(), the following could happen:
+ *
+ * CPU 0				CPU 1
+ *
+ * call_rcu().
+ *                      		rcu_barrier() sees ->len as 0.
+ * set ->len = 1.
+ *                      		rcu_barrier() does nothing.
+ *					module is unloaded.
+ * callback invokes unloaded function!
+ *
+ * With the full barriers, any case where rcu_barrier() sees ->len as 0 will
+ * have unambiguously preceded the return from the racing call_rcu(), which
+ * means that this call_rcu() invocation is OK to not wait on.  After all,
+ * you are supposed to make sure that any problematic call_rcu() invocations
+ * happen before the rcu_barrier().
+ *
+ *
+ * CASE 2: Suppose that CPU 0 is invoking its last callback just as
+ * CPU 1 invokes rcu_barrier().  CPU 0's ->len field will transition from
+ * 1->0, which is one of the transitions that must be handled carefully.
+ * Without the full memory barriers before the ->len update and at the
+ * end of rcu_barrier(), the following could happen:
+ * 
+ * CPU 0				CPU 1
+ *
+ * start invoking last callback
+ * set ->len = 0 (reordered)
+ *                      		rcu_barrier() sees ->len as 0
+ *                      		rcu_barrier() does nothing.
+ *					module is unloaded
+ * callback executing after unloaded!
+ *
+ * With the full barriers, any case where rcu_barrier() sees ->len as 0
+ * will be fully ordered after the completion of the callback function,
+ * so that the module unloading operation is completely safe.
+ * 
  */
 void rcu_segcblist_add_len(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, long v)
 {
 #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
-	smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* Up to the caller! */
+	smp_mb__before_atomic(); // Read header comment above.
 	atomic_long_add(v, &rsclp->len);
-	smp_mb__after_atomic(); /* Up to the caller! */
+	smp_mb__after_atomic();  // Read header comment above.
 #else
-	smp_mb(); /* Up to the caller! */
+	smp_mb(); // Read header comment above.
 	WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->len, rsclp->len + v);
-	smp_mb(); /* Up to the caller! */
+	smp_mb(); // Read header comment above.
 #endif
 }
 
-- 
2.9.5


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [PATCH tip/core/rcu 3/6] rcu/segcblist: Add counters to segcblist datastructure
  2021-01-06  1:25 [PATCH tip/core/rcu 0/6] Track callbacks on a per-segment basis Paul E. McKenney
  2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 1/6] rcu/tree: Make rcu_do_batch count how many callbacks were executed paulmck
  2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 2/6] rcu/segcblist: Add additional comments to explain smp_mb() paulmck
@ 2021-01-06  1:26 ` paulmck
  2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 4/6] rcu/tree: segcblist: Remove redundant smp_mb()s paulmck
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  5 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: paulmck @ 2021-01-06  1:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: rcu
  Cc: linux-kernel, kernel-team, mingo, jiangshanlai, akpm,
	mathieu.desnoyers, josh, tglx, peterz, rostedt, dhowells,
	edumazet, fweisbec, oleg, joel, Paul E . McKenney

From: "Joel Fernandes (Google)" <joel@joelfernandes.org>

Add counting of segment lengths of segmented callback list.

This will be useful for a number of things such as knowing how big the
ready-to-execute segment have gotten. The immediate benefit is ability
to trace how the callbacks in the segmented callback list change.

Also this patch remove hacks related to using donecbs's ->len field as a
temporary variable to save the segmented callback list's length. This cannot be
done anymore and is not needed.

Also fix SRCU:
The negative counting of the unsegmented list cannot be used to adjust
the segmented one. To fix this, sample the unsegmented length in
advance, and use it after CB execution to adjust the segmented list's
length.

Reviewed-by: Frederic Weisbecker <frederic@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
---
 include/linux/rcu_segcblist.h |   1 +
 kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c    | 120 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
 kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h    |   2 -
 kernel/rcu/srcutree.c         |   5 +-
 4 files changed, 82 insertions(+), 46 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/rcu_segcblist.h b/include/linux/rcu_segcblist.h
index b36afe7..6c01f09 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcu_segcblist.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcu_segcblist.h
@@ -72,6 +72,7 @@ struct rcu_segcblist {
 #else
 	long len;
 #endif
+	long seglen[RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS];
 	u8 enabled;
 	u8 offloaded;
 };
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
index 0f55864..0504fc83 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
@@ -7,10 +7,10 @@
  * Authors: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.ibm.com>
  */
 
-#include <linux/types.h>
-#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/cpu.h>
 #include <linux/interrupt.h>
-#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
 
 #include "rcu_segcblist.h"
 
@@ -88,6 +88,46 @@ static void rcu_segcblist_set_len(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, long v)
 #endif
 }
 
+/* Get the length of a segment of the rcu_segcblist structure. */
+static long rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int seg)
+{
+	return READ_ONCE(rsclp->seglen[seg]);
+}
+
+/* Set the length of a segment of the rcu_segcblist structure. */
+static void rcu_segcblist_set_seglen(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int seg, long v)
+{
+	WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->seglen[seg], v);
+}
+
+/* Increase the numeric length of a segment by a specified amount. */
+static void rcu_segcblist_add_seglen(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int seg, long v)
+{
+	WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->seglen[seg], rsclp->seglen[seg] + v);
+}
+
+/* Move from's segment length to to's segment. */
+static void rcu_segcblist_move_seglen(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int from, int to)
+{
+	long len;
+
+	if (from == to)
+		return;
+
+	len = rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(rsclp, from);
+	if (!len)
+		return;
+
+	rcu_segcblist_add_seglen(rsclp, to, len);
+	rcu_segcblist_set_seglen(rsclp, from, 0);
+}
+
+/* Increment segment's length. */
+static void rcu_segcblist_inc_seglen(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int seg)
+{
+	rcu_segcblist_add_seglen(rsclp, seg, 1);
+}
+
 /*
  * Increase the numeric length of an rcu_segcblist structure by the
  * specified amount, which can be negative.  This can cause the ->len
@@ -180,26 +220,6 @@ void rcu_segcblist_inc_len(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp)
 }
 
 /*
- * Exchange the numeric length of the specified rcu_segcblist structure
- * with the specified value.  This can cause the ->len field to disagree
- * with the actual number of callbacks on the structure.  This exchange is
- * fully ordered with respect to the callers accesses both before and after.
- */
-static long rcu_segcblist_xchg_len(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, long v)
-{
-#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
-	return atomic_long_xchg(&rsclp->len, v);
-#else
-	long ret = rsclp->len;
-
-	smp_mb(); /* Up to the caller! */
-	WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->len, v);
-	smp_mb(); /* Up to the caller! */
-	return ret;
-#endif
-}
-
-/*
  * Initialize an rcu_segcblist structure.
  */
 void rcu_segcblist_init(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp)
@@ -209,8 +229,10 @@ void rcu_segcblist_init(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp)
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(RCU_NEXT_TAIL + 1 != ARRAY_SIZE(rsclp->gp_seq));
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(ARRAY_SIZE(rsclp->tails) != ARRAY_SIZE(rsclp->gp_seq));
 	rsclp->head = NULL;
-	for (i = 0; i < RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS; i++)
+	for (i = 0; i < RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS; i++) {
 		rsclp->tails[i] = &rsclp->head;
+		rcu_segcblist_set_seglen(rsclp, i, 0);
+	}
 	rcu_segcblist_set_len(rsclp, 0);
 	rsclp->enabled = 1;
 }
@@ -306,6 +328,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_enqueue(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
 {
 	rcu_segcblist_inc_len(rsclp);
 	smp_mb(); /* Ensure counts are updated before callback is enqueued. */
+	rcu_segcblist_inc_seglen(rsclp, RCU_NEXT_TAIL);
 	rhp->next = NULL;
 	WRITE_ONCE(*rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL], rhp);
 	WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL], &rhp->next);
@@ -334,6 +357,7 @@ bool rcu_segcblist_entrain(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
 	for (i = RCU_NEXT_TAIL; i > RCU_DONE_TAIL; i--)
 		if (rsclp->tails[i] != rsclp->tails[i - 1])
 			break;
+	rcu_segcblist_inc_seglen(rsclp, i);
 	WRITE_ONCE(*rsclp->tails[i], rhp);
 	for (; i <= RCU_NEXT_TAIL; i++)
 		WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[i], &rhp->next);
@@ -341,21 +365,6 @@ bool rcu_segcblist_entrain(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
 }
 
 /*
- * Extract only the counts from the specified rcu_segcblist structure,
- * and place them in the specified rcu_cblist structure.  This function
- * supports both callback orphaning and invocation, hence the separation
- * of counts and callbacks.  (Callbacks ready for invocation must be
- * orphaned and adopted separately from pending callbacks, but counts
- * apply to all callbacks.  Locking must be used to make sure that
- * both orphaned-callbacks lists are consistent.)
- */
-void rcu_segcblist_extract_count(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
-					       struct rcu_cblist *rclp)
-{
-	rclp->len = rcu_segcblist_xchg_len(rsclp, 0);
-}
-
-/*
  * Extract only those callbacks ready to be invoked from the specified
  * rcu_segcblist structure and place them in the specified rcu_cblist
  * structure.
@@ -367,6 +376,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_extract_done_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
 
 	if (!rcu_segcblist_ready_cbs(rsclp))
 		return; /* Nothing to do. */
+	rclp->len = rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(rsclp, RCU_DONE_TAIL);
 	*rclp->tail = rsclp->head;
 	WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->head, *rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL]);
 	WRITE_ONCE(*rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL], NULL);
@@ -374,6 +384,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_extract_done_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
 	for (i = RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS - 1; i >= RCU_DONE_TAIL; i--)
 		if (rsclp->tails[i] == rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL])
 			WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[i], &rsclp->head);
+	rcu_segcblist_set_seglen(rsclp, RCU_DONE_TAIL, 0);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -390,11 +401,15 @@ void rcu_segcblist_extract_pend_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
 
 	if (!rcu_segcblist_pend_cbs(rsclp))
 		return; /* Nothing to do. */
+	rclp->len = 0;
 	*rclp->tail = *rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL];
 	rclp->tail = rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL];
 	WRITE_ONCE(*rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL], NULL);
-	for (i = RCU_DONE_TAIL + 1; i < RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS; i++)
+	for (i = RCU_DONE_TAIL + 1; i < RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS; i++) {
+		rclp->len += rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(rsclp, i);
 		WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[i], rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL]);
+		rcu_segcblist_set_seglen(rsclp, i, 0);
+	}
 }
 
 /*
@@ -405,7 +420,6 @@ void rcu_segcblist_insert_count(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
 				struct rcu_cblist *rclp)
 {
 	rcu_segcblist_add_len(rsclp, rclp->len);
-	rclp->len = 0;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -419,6 +433,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_insert_done_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
 
 	if (!rclp->head)
 		return; /* No callbacks to move. */
+	rcu_segcblist_add_seglen(rsclp, RCU_DONE_TAIL, rclp->len);
 	*rclp->tail = rsclp->head;
 	WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->head, rclp->head);
 	for (i = RCU_DONE_TAIL; i < RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS; i++)
@@ -439,6 +454,8 @@ void rcu_segcblist_insert_pend_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
 {
 	if (!rclp->head)
 		return; /* Nothing to do. */
+
+	rcu_segcblist_add_seglen(rsclp, RCU_NEXT_TAIL, rclp->len);
 	WRITE_ONCE(*rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL], rclp->head);
 	WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL], rclp->tail);
 }
@@ -463,6 +480,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_advance(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, unsigned long seq)
 		if (ULONG_CMP_LT(seq, rsclp->gp_seq[i]))
 			break;
 		WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL], rsclp->tails[i]);
+		rcu_segcblist_move_seglen(rsclp, i, RCU_DONE_TAIL);
 	}
 
 	/* If no callbacks moved, nothing more need be done. */
@@ -483,6 +501,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_advance(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, unsigned long seq)
 		if (rsclp->tails[j] == rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL])
 			break;  /* No more callbacks. */
 		WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[j], rsclp->tails[i]);
+		rcu_segcblist_move_seglen(rsclp, i, j);
 		rsclp->gp_seq[j] = rsclp->gp_seq[i];
 	}
 }
@@ -504,7 +523,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_advance(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, unsigned long seq)
  */
 bool rcu_segcblist_accelerate(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, unsigned long seq)
 {
-	int i;
+	int i, j;
 
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_segcblist_is_enabled(rsclp));
 	if (rcu_segcblist_restempty(rsclp, RCU_DONE_TAIL))
@@ -547,6 +566,10 @@ bool rcu_segcblist_accelerate(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, unsigned long seq)
 	if (rcu_segcblist_restempty(rsclp, i) || ++i >= RCU_NEXT_TAIL)
 		return false;
 
+	/* Accounting: everything below i is about to get merged into i. */
+	for (j = i + 1; j <= RCU_NEXT_TAIL; j++)
+		rcu_segcblist_move_seglen(rsclp, j, i);
+
 	/*
 	 * Merge all later callbacks, including newly arrived callbacks,
 	 * into the segment located by the for-loop above.  Assign "seq"
@@ -574,13 +597,24 @@ void rcu_segcblist_merge(struct rcu_segcblist *dst_rsclp,
 	struct rcu_cblist donecbs;
 	struct rcu_cblist pendcbs;
 
+	lockdep_assert_cpus_held();
+
 	rcu_cblist_init(&donecbs);
 	rcu_cblist_init(&pendcbs);
-	rcu_segcblist_extract_count(src_rsclp, &donecbs);
+
 	rcu_segcblist_extract_done_cbs(src_rsclp, &donecbs);
 	rcu_segcblist_extract_pend_cbs(src_rsclp, &pendcbs);
+
+	/*
+	 * No need smp_mb() before setting length to 0, because CPU hotplug
+	 * lock excludes rcu_barrier.
+	 */
+	rcu_segcblist_set_len(src_rsclp, 0);
+
 	rcu_segcblist_insert_count(dst_rsclp, &donecbs);
+	rcu_segcblist_insert_count(dst_rsclp, &pendcbs);
 	rcu_segcblist_insert_done_cbs(dst_rsclp, &donecbs);
 	rcu_segcblist_insert_pend_cbs(dst_rsclp, &pendcbs);
+
 	rcu_segcblist_init(src_rsclp);
 }
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h
index 1d2d614..cd35c9f 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h
@@ -89,8 +89,6 @@ void rcu_segcblist_enqueue(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
 			   struct rcu_head *rhp);
 bool rcu_segcblist_entrain(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
 			   struct rcu_head *rhp);
-void rcu_segcblist_extract_count(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
-				 struct rcu_cblist *rclp);
 void rcu_segcblist_extract_done_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
 				    struct rcu_cblist *rclp);
 void rcu_segcblist_extract_pend_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/srcutree.c b/kernel/rcu/srcutree.c
index 0f23d20..79b7081 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/srcutree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/srcutree.c
@@ -1160,6 +1160,7 @@ static void srcu_advance_state(struct srcu_struct *ssp)
  */
 static void srcu_invoke_callbacks(struct work_struct *work)
 {
+	long len;
 	bool more;
 	struct rcu_cblist ready_cbs;
 	struct rcu_head *rhp;
@@ -1182,6 +1183,7 @@ static void srcu_invoke_callbacks(struct work_struct *work)
 	/* We are on the job!  Extract and invoke ready callbacks. */
 	sdp->srcu_cblist_invoking = true;
 	rcu_segcblist_extract_done_cbs(&sdp->srcu_cblist, &ready_cbs);
+	len = ready_cbs.len;
 	spin_unlock_irq_rcu_node(sdp);
 	rhp = rcu_cblist_dequeue(&ready_cbs);
 	for (; rhp != NULL; rhp = rcu_cblist_dequeue(&ready_cbs)) {
@@ -1190,13 +1192,14 @@ static void srcu_invoke_callbacks(struct work_struct *work)
 		rhp->func(rhp);
 		local_bh_enable();
 	}
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(ready_cbs.len);
 
 	/*
 	 * Update counts, accelerate new callbacks, and if needed,
 	 * schedule another round of callback invocation.
 	 */
 	spin_lock_irq_rcu_node(sdp);
-	rcu_segcblist_insert_count(&sdp->srcu_cblist, &ready_cbs);
+	rcu_segcblist_add_len(&sdp->srcu_cblist, -len);
 	(void)rcu_segcblist_accelerate(&sdp->srcu_cblist,
 				       rcu_seq_snap(&ssp->srcu_gp_seq));
 	sdp->srcu_cblist_invoking = false;
-- 
2.9.5


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [PATCH tip/core/rcu 4/6] rcu/tree: segcblist: Remove redundant smp_mb()s
  2021-01-06  1:25 [PATCH tip/core/rcu 0/6] Track callbacks on a per-segment basis Paul E. McKenney
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 3/6] rcu/segcblist: Add counters to segcblist datastructure paulmck
@ 2021-01-06  1:26 ` paulmck
  2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 5/6] rcu/trace: Add tracing for how segcb list changes paulmck
  2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 6/6] rcu/segcblist: Add debug checks for segment lengths paulmck
  5 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: paulmck @ 2021-01-06  1:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: rcu
  Cc: linux-kernel, kernel-team, mingo, jiangshanlai, akpm,
	mathieu.desnoyers, josh, tglx, peterz, rostedt, dhowells,
	edumazet, fweisbec, oleg, joel, Paul E . McKenney

From: "Joel Fernandes (Google)" <joel@joelfernandes.org>

The full memory barriers in rcu_segcblist_enqueue() and in rcu_do_batch()
are not needed because rcu_segcblist_add_len(), and thus also
rcu_segcblist_inc_len(), already includes a memory barrier *before*
and *after* the length of the list is updated.

This commit therefore removes these redundant smp_mb() invocations.

Reviewed-by: Frederic Weisbecker <frederic@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
---
 kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c | 1 -
 kernel/rcu/tree.c          | 1 -
 2 files changed, 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
index 0504fc83..5059b61 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
@@ -327,7 +327,6 @@ void rcu_segcblist_enqueue(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
 			   struct rcu_head *rhp)
 {
 	rcu_segcblist_inc_len(rsclp);
-	smp_mb(); /* Ensure counts are updated before callback is enqueued. */
 	rcu_segcblist_inc_seglen(rsclp, RCU_NEXT_TAIL);
 	rhp->next = NULL;
 	WRITE_ONCE(*rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL], rhp);
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index cc6f379..b0fb654 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -2523,7 +2523,6 @@ static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_data *rdp)
 
 	/* Update counts and requeue any remaining callbacks. */
 	rcu_segcblist_insert_done_cbs(&rdp->cblist, &rcl);
-	smp_mb(); /* List handling before counting for rcu_barrier(). */
 	rcu_segcblist_add_len(&rdp->cblist, -count);
 
 	/* Reinstate batch limit if we have worked down the excess. */
-- 
2.9.5


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [PATCH tip/core/rcu 5/6] rcu/trace: Add tracing for how segcb list changes
  2021-01-06  1:25 [PATCH tip/core/rcu 0/6] Track callbacks on a per-segment basis Paul E. McKenney
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 4/6] rcu/tree: segcblist: Remove redundant smp_mb()s paulmck
@ 2021-01-06  1:26 ` paulmck
  2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 6/6] rcu/segcblist: Add debug checks for segment lengths paulmck
  5 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: paulmck @ 2021-01-06  1:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: rcu
  Cc: linux-kernel, kernel-team, mingo, jiangshanlai, akpm,
	mathieu.desnoyers, josh, tglx, peterz, rostedt, dhowells,
	edumazet, fweisbec, oleg, joel, Paul E . McKenney

From: "Joel Fernandes (Google)" <joel@joelfernandes.org>

This commit adds tracing to track how the segcb list changes before/after
acceleration, during queuing and during dequeuing.

This tracing helped discover an optimization that avoided needless GP
requests when no callbacks were accelerated. The tracing overhead is
minimal as each segment's length is now stored in the respective segment.

Reviewed-by: Frederic Weisbecker <frederic@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Neeraj Upadhyay <neeraju@codeaurora.org>
Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
---
 include/trace/events/rcu.h | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 kernel/rcu/tree.c          |  9 +++++++++
 2 files changed, 35 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/trace/events/rcu.h b/include/trace/events/rcu.h
index 155b5cb..5fc2940 100644
--- a/include/trace/events/rcu.h
+++ b/include/trace/events/rcu.h
@@ -505,6 +505,32 @@ TRACE_EVENT_RCU(rcu_callback,
 		  __entry->qlen)
 );
 
+TRACE_EVENT_RCU(rcu_segcb_stats,
+
+		TP_PROTO(struct rcu_segcblist *rs, const char *ctx),
+
+		TP_ARGS(rs, ctx),
+
+		TP_STRUCT__entry(
+			__field(const char *, ctx)
+			__array(unsigned long, gp_seq, RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS)
+			__array(long, seglen, RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS)
+		),
+
+		TP_fast_assign(
+			__entry->ctx = ctx;
+			memcpy(__entry->seglen, rs->seglen, RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS * sizeof(long));
+			memcpy(__entry->gp_seq, rs->gp_seq, RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS * sizeof(unsigned long));
+
+		),
+
+		TP_printk("%s seglen: (DONE=%ld, WAIT=%ld, NEXT_READY=%ld, NEXT=%ld) "
+			  "gp_seq: (DONE=%lu, WAIT=%lu, NEXT_READY=%lu, NEXT=%lu)", __entry->ctx,
+			  __entry->seglen[0], __entry->seglen[1], __entry->seglen[2], __entry->seglen[3],
+			  __entry->gp_seq[0], __entry->gp_seq[1], __entry->gp_seq[2], __entry->gp_seq[3])
+
+);
+
 /*
  * Tracepoint for the registration of a single RCU callback of the special
  * kvfree() form.  The first argument is the RCU type, the second argument
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index b0fb654..6bf269c 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -1495,6 +1495,8 @@ static bool rcu_accelerate_cbs(struct rcu_node *rnp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
 	if (!rcu_segcblist_pend_cbs(&rdp->cblist))
 		return false;
 
+	trace_rcu_segcb_stats(&rdp->cblist, TPS("SegCbPreAcc"));
+
 	/*
 	 * Callbacks are often registered with incomplete grace-period
 	 * information.  Something about the fact that getting exact
@@ -1515,6 +1517,8 @@ static bool rcu_accelerate_cbs(struct rcu_node *rnp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
 	else
 		trace_rcu_grace_period(rcu_state.name, gp_seq_req, TPS("AccReadyCB"));
 
+	trace_rcu_segcb_stats(&rdp->cblist, TPS("SegCbPostAcc"));
+
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -2471,11 +2475,14 @@ static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_data *rdp)
 	rcu_segcblist_extract_done_cbs(&rdp->cblist, &rcl);
 	if (offloaded)
 		rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check = rcu_segcblist_n_cbs(&rdp->cblist);
+
+	trace_rcu_segcb_stats(&rdp->cblist, TPS("SegCbDequeued"));
 	rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
 
 	/* Invoke callbacks. */
 	tick_dep_set_task(current, TICK_DEP_BIT_RCU);
 	rhp = rcu_cblist_dequeue(&rcl);
+
 	for (; rhp; rhp = rcu_cblist_dequeue(&rcl)) {
 		rcu_callback_t f;
 
@@ -2987,6 +2994,8 @@ __call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func)
 		trace_rcu_callback(rcu_state.name, head,
 				   rcu_segcblist_n_cbs(&rdp->cblist));
 
+	trace_rcu_segcb_stats(&rdp->cblist, TPS("SegCBQueued"));
+
 	/* Go handle any RCU core processing required. */
 	if (unlikely(rcu_segcblist_is_offloaded(&rdp->cblist))) {
 		__call_rcu_nocb_wake(rdp, was_alldone, flags); /* unlocks */
-- 
2.9.5


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [PATCH tip/core/rcu 6/6] rcu/segcblist: Add debug checks for segment lengths
  2021-01-06  1:25 [PATCH tip/core/rcu 0/6] Track callbacks on a per-segment basis Paul E. McKenney
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 5/6] rcu/trace: Add tracing for how segcb list changes paulmck
@ 2021-01-06  1:26 ` paulmck
  5 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: paulmck @ 2021-01-06  1:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: rcu
  Cc: linux-kernel, kernel-team, mingo, jiangshanlai, akpm,
	mathieu.desnoyers, josh, tglx, peterz, rostedt, dhowells,
	edumazet, fweisbec, oleg, joel, Paul E . McKenney

From: "Joel Fernandes (Google)" <joel@joelfernandes.org>

This commit adds debug checks near the end of rcu_do_batch() that emit
warnings if an empty rcu_segcblist structure has non-zero segment counts,
or, conversely, if a non-empty structure has all-zero segment counts.

Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
[ paulmck: Fix queue/segment-length checks. ]
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
---
 kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c | 12 ++++++++++++
 kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h |  3 +++
 kernel/rcu/tree.c          |  8 ++++++--
 3 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
index 5059b61..094de25 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
@@ -94,6 +94,18 @@ static long rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int seg)
 	return READ_ONCE(rsclp->seglen[seg]);
 }
 
+/* Return number of callbacks in segmented callback list by summing seglen. */
+long rcu_segcblist_n_segment_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp)
+{
+	long len = 0;
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = RCU_DONE_TAIL; i < RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS; i++)
+		len += rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(rsclp, i);
+
+	return len;
+}
+
 /* Set the length of a segment of the rcu_segcblist structure. */
 static void rcu_segcblist_set_seglen(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int seg, long v)
 {
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h
index cd35c9f..18e101d 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h
@@ -15,6 +15,9 @@ static inline long rcu_cblist_n_cbs(struct rcu_cblist *rclp)
 	return READ_ONCE(rclp->len);
 }
 
+/* Return number of callbacks in segmented callback list by summing seglen. */
+long rcu_segcblist_n_segment_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp);
+
 void rcu_cblist_init(struct rcu_cblist *rclp);
 void rcu_cblist_enqueue(struct rcu_cblist *rclp, struct rcu_head *rhp);
 void rcu_cblist_flush_enqueue(struct rcu_cblist *drclp,
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index 6bf269c..8086c04 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -2434,6 +2434,7 @@ int rcutree_dead_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
 static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_data *rdp)
 {
 	int div;
+	bool __maybe_unused empty;
 	unsigned long flags;
 	const bool offloaded = rcu_segcblist_is_offloaded(&rdp->cblist);
 	struct rcu_head *rhp;
@@ -2548,9 +2549,12 @@ static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_data *rdp)
 	 * The following usually indicates a double call_rcu().  To track
 	 * this down, try building with CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD=y.
 	 */
-	WARN_ON_ONCE(count == 0 && !rcu_segcblist_empty(&rdp->cblist));
+	empty = rcu_segcblist_empty(&rdp->cblist);
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(count == 0 && !empty);
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU) &&
-		     count != 0 && rcu_segcblist_empty(&rdp->cblist));
+		     count != 0 && empty);
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(count == 0 && rcu_segcblist_n_segment_cbs(&rdp->cblist) != 0);
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(!empty && rcu_segcblist_n_segment_cbs(&rdp->cblist) == 0);
 
 	rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
 
-- 
2.9.5


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 7+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2021-01-06  1:25 [PATCH tip/core/rcu 0/6] Track callbacks on a per-segment basis Paul E. McKenney
2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 1/6] rcu/tree: Make rcu_do_batch count how many callbacks were executed paulmck
2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 2/6] rcu/segcblist: Add additional comments to explain smp_mb() paulmck
2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 3/6] rcu/segcblist: Add counters to segcblist datastructure paulmck
2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 4/6] rcu/tree: segcblist: Remove redundant smp_mb()s paulmck
2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 5/6] rcu/trace: Add tracing for how segcb list changes paulmck
2021-01-06  1:26 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 6/6] rcu/segcblist: Add debug checks for segment lengths paulmck

RCU Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/rcu/0 rcu/git/0.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 rcu rcu/ https://lore.kernel.org/rcu \
		rcu@vger.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index rcu

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kernel.vger.rcu


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git