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* [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support
@ 2022-01-17  5:33 Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 01/19] kallsyms: support "big" kernel symbols Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (15 more replies)
  0 siblings, 16 replies; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-17  5:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel, Miguel Ojeda

Rust support

This is the patch series (v3) to add support for Rust as a second
language to the Linux kernel.

If you are interested in following this effort, please join us in
the mailing list at:

    rust-for-linux@vger.kernel.org

and take a look at the project itself at:

    https://github.com/Rust-for-Linux

As usual, special thanks go to ISRG (Internet Security Research
Group) and Google for their financial support on this endeavor.

Cheers,
Miguel

--

# Rust support

This cover letter explains the major changes and updates done since
the previous ones. For those, please see:

    RFC: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210414184604.23473-1-ojeda@kernel.org/
    v1:  https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210704202756.29107-1-ojeda@kernel.org/
    v2:  https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20211206140313.5653-1-ojeda@kernel.org/


## Infrastructure updates

There have been several improvements to the overall Rust support:

  - The compiler has been upgraded to Rust 1.58.0.

  - Added automatic detection of whether there is a suitable Rust
    toolchain available (`CONFIG_RUST_IS_AVAILABLE`, which replaces
    `HAS_RUST`), and made `CONFIG_RUST` depend on it. It also comes
    with an easy way for users/developers to understand why the Rust
    toolchain might not be available: a Makefile target is provided
    (`rustavailable`) which explains why that is the case, using
    the same logic that Kbuild/Kconfig use.

  - Removed the `!COMPILE_TEST` gate, which will eventually allow us
    to increase testing the Rust support in places that run
    `all{yes,mod}config`.

  - Other build system improvements, such as improved cleaning
    behavior.

  - Documentation: reorganization, new section on naming,
    clarifications...


One of the unstable features we need, `-Zsymbol-mangling-version=v0`,
is getting stabilized in 1.59.0. Another one, `maybe_uninit_extra`,
will be in 1.60.0. As usual, please see the following link for the
live list of unstable features we are using:

    https://github.com/Rust-for-Linux/linux/issues/2


## Abstractions and driver updates

Some of the improvements to the abstractions and example drivers are:

  - Added `IdArray` and `IdTable` which will be used in buses to
    allow drivers to specify device ID tables that are guaranteed to
    be zero-terminated at compile time.

  - Updated `amba` to use the new constant device ID table support.

  - Initial common clock framework abstractions.

  - Platform drivers are now defined by implementing a trait.
    Includes a new macro for simplified registration of platform
    drivers and a new sample/template.

  - `dev_*` printing macros.

  - `{read,write}*_relaxed` methods for `IoMem<T>`.

  - Simplified file operations by removing `FileOpener`.

  - Added `ThisModule` to the arguments of driver registration.

  - A basic template for an out-of-tree Linux kernel module written
    in Rust can be found in:

        https://github.com/Rust-for-Linux/rust-out-of-tree-module


## Patch series status

Like we mentioned last time, the Rust support is still to be
considered experimental. However, support is good enough that kernel
developers can start working on the Rust abstractions for subsystems
and write drivers and other modules.

The current series has just arrived in `linux-next`, thus the first
run will happen in a day. Similarly, the preview docs for this series
can be seen at:

    https://rust-for-linux.github.io/docs/kernel/


## Conferences, meetings and liaisons

We would want to thank you the venues we were invited to:

  - Open Source Summit Japan 2021


## Acknowledgements

The signatures in the main commits correspond to the people that
wrote code that has ended up in them at the present time. For details
on contributions to code and discussions, please see our repository:

    https://github.com/Rust-for-Linux/linux

However, we would like to give credit to everyone that has contributed
in one way or another to the Rust for Linux project. Since the
previous cover letter:

  - Nick Desaulniers, Masahiro Yamada and Greg Kroah-Hartman for
    their reviews & feedback on the previous round.

  - Maciej Falkowski for adding the initial common clock framework
    abstractions and the `{read,write}*_relaxed` methods to
    `IoMem<T>`.

  - Daniel Xu for improving the docs and `File`.

  - Mauro Baladés for improving the CI.

  - SeongJae Park for the `rust-next` patch to fix the `-mm` tree.

  - Hsiang-Cheng Yang for fixing a typo.

  - bjorn3 and Gary Guo for all the input on Rust compiler details
    and all the reviews and suggestions.

  - Josh Triplett for pushing `-Zsymbol-mangling-version=v0` to the
    finish line.

  - Philip Herrons (and his supporters Open Source Security and
    Embecosm) et. al. for their ongoing work on GCC Rust.

  - Antoni Boucher (and his supporters) et. al. for their ongoing
    work on `rustc_codegen_gcc`.

  - Mats Larsen, Marc Poulhiès et. al. for their ongoing work on
    improving Rust support in Compiler Explorer.

  - Many folks that have reported issues, tested the project,
    helped spread the word, joined discussions and contributed in
    other ways!

Please see also the acknowledgements on the previous cover letters.


Boqun Feng (1):
  kallsyms: use the correct buffer size for symbols

Gary Guo (2):
  rust: add `build_error` crate
  vsprintf: add new `%pA` format specifier

Miguel Ojeda (13):
  kallsyms: support "big" kernel symbols
  kallsyms: increase maximum kernel symbol length to 512
  rust: add C helpers
  rust: add `compiler_builtins` crate
  rust: add `alloc` crate
  rust: add `macros` crate
  rust: export generated symbols
  scripts: add `generate_rust_analyzer.py`
  scripts: decode_stacktrace: demangle Rust symbols
  docs: add Rust documentation
  Kbuild: add Rust support
  samples: add Rust examples
  MAINTAINERS: Rust

Wedson Almeida Filho (3):
  rust: add `kernel` crate
  [RFC] drivers: gpio: PrimeCell PL061 in Rust
  [RFC] drivers: android: Binder IPC in Rust

 .gitignore                                   |    5 +
 .rustfmt.toml                                |   12 +
 Documentation/doc-guide/kernel-doc.rst       |    3 +
 Documentation/index.rst                      |    1 +
 Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst              |    4 +
 Documentation/process/changes.rst            |   42 +
 Documentation/rust/arch-support.rst          |   35 +
 Documentation/rust/assets/favicon-16x16.png  |  Bin 0 -> 798 bytes
 Documentation/rust/assets/favicon-32x32.png  |  Bin 0 -> 2076 bytes
 Documentation/rust/assets/rust-logo.png      |  Bin 0 -> 53976 bytes
 Documentation/rust/coding-guidelines.rst     |  151 +
 Documentation/rust/general-information.rst   |   80 +
 Documentation/rust/index.rst                 |   21 +
 Documentation/rust/quick-start.rst           |  231 ++
 MAINTAINERS                                  |   16 +
 Makefile                                     |  152 +-
 arch/arm/rust/target.json                    |   27 +
 arch/arm64/rust/target.json                  |   34 +
 arch/powerpc/rust/target.json                |   29 +
 arch/riscv/Makefile                          |    1 +
 arch/riscv/rust/rv32ima.json                 |   36 +
 arch/riscv/rust/rv32imac.json                |   36 +
 arch/riscv/rust/rv64ima.json                 |   36 +
 arch/riscv/rust/rv64imac.json                |   36 +
 arch/x86/rust/target.json                    |   36 +
 drivers/android/Kconfig                      |    7 +
 drivers/android/Makefile                     |    2 +
 drivers/android/allocation.rs                |  266 ++
 drivers/android/context.rs                   |   80 +
 drivers/android/defs.rs                      |   99 +
 drivers/android/node.rs                      |  476 +++
 drivers/android/process.rs                   |  964 +++++
 drivers/android/range_alloc.rs               |  189 +
 drivers/android/rust_binder.rs               |  114 +
 drivers/android/thread.rs                    |  871 +++++
 drivers/android/transaction.rs               |  326 ++
 drivers/gpio/Kconfig                         |    8 +
 drivers/gpio/Makefile                        |    1 +
 drivers/gpio/gpio_pl061_rust.rs              |  362 ++
 include/linux/kallsyms.h                     |    2 +-
 include/linux/spinlock.h                     |   17 +-
 include/uapi/linux/android/binder.h          |   28 +-
 init/Kconfig                                 |   44 +-
 kernel/kallsyms.c                            |   26 +-
 kernel/livepatch/core.c                      |    4 +-
 kernel/printk/printk.c                       |    5 +-
 lib/Kconfig.debug                            |  144 +
 lib/rust.h                                   |   14 +
 lib/vsprintf.c                               |    7 +
 rust/.gitignore                              |    7 +
 rust/Makefile                                |  352 ++
 rust/alloc/README.md                         |   32 +
 rust/alloc/alloc.rs                          |  427 +++
 rust/alloc/borrow.rs                         |  498 +++
 rust/alloc/boxed.rs                          | 1847 ++++++++++
 rust/alloc/collections/mod.rs                |  156 +
 rust/alloc/fmt.rs                            |  601 ++++
 rust/alloc/lib.rs                            |  217 ++
 rust/alloc/macros.rs                         |  126 +
 rust/alloc/raw_vec.rs                        |  549 +++
 rust/alloc/slice.rs                          | 1279 +++++++
 rust/alloc/str.rs                            |  624 ++++
 rust/alloc/string.rs                         | 2864 +++++++++++++++
 rust/alloc/vec/drain.rs                      |  159 +
 rust/alloc/vec/drain_filter.rs               |  145 +
 rust/alloc/vec/into_iter.rs                  |  356 ++
 rust/alloc/vec/is_zero.rs                    |  106 +
 rust/alloc/vec/mod.rs                        | 3359 ++++++++++++++++++
 rust/alloc/vec/partial_eq.rs                 |   49 +
 rust/alloc/vec/set_len_on_drop.rs            |   30 +
 rust/alloc/vec/spec_extend.rs                |  172 +
 rust/bindgen_parameters                      |   13 +
 rust/build_error.rs                          |   29 +
 rust/compiler_builtins.rs                    |   57 +
 rust/exports.c                               |   16 +
 rust/helpers.c                               |  508 +++
 rust/kernel/allocator.rs                     |   65 +
 rust/kernel/amba.rs                          |  259 ++
 rust/kernel/bindings.rs                      |   47 +
 rust/kernel/bindings_helper.h                |   31 +
 rust/kernel/buffer.rs                        |   52 +
 rust/kernel/build_assert.rs                  |   80 +
 rust/kernel/c_types.rs                       |  119 +
 rust/kernel/chrdev.rs                        |  209 ++
 rust/kernel/clk.rs                           |   75 +
 rust/kernel/cred.rs                          |   73 +
 rust/kernel/device.rs                        |  549 +++
 rust/kernel/driver.rs                        |  440 +++
 rust/kernel/error.rs                         |  542 +++
 rust/kernel/file.rs                          |  147 +
 rust/kernel/file_operations.rs               |  726 ++++
 rust/kernel/gpio.rs                          |  477 +++
 rust/kernel/io_buffer.rs                     |  153 +
 rust/kernel/io_mem.rs                        |  227 ++
 rust/kernel/iov_iter.rs                      |   81 +
 rust/kernel/irq.rs                           |  409 +++
 rust/kernel/lib.rs                           |  262 ++
 rust/kernel/linked_list.rs                   |  247 ++
 rust/kernel/miscdev.rs                       |  196 +
 rust/kernel/module_param.rs                  |  497 +++
 rust/kernel/of.rs                            |   63 +
 rust/kernel/pages.rs                         |  162 +
 rust/kernel/platform.rs                      |  224 ++
 rust/kernel/power.rs                         |  118 +
 rust/kernel/prelude.rs                       |   36 +
 rust/kernel/print.rs                         |  441 +++
 rust/kernel/random.rs                        |   50 +
 rust/kernel/raw_list.rs                      |  361 ++
 rust/kernel/rbtree.rs                        |  562 +++
 rust/kernel/revocable.rs                     |  163 +
 rust/kernel/security.rs                      |   36 +
 rust/kernel/static_assert.rs                 |   39 +
 rust/kernel/std_vendor.rs                    |  150 +
 rust/kernel/str.rs                           |  375 ++
 rust/kernel/sync/arc.rs                      |  500 +++
 rust/kernel/sync/condvar.rs                  |  138 +
 rust/kernel/sync/guard.rs                    |  181 +
 rust/kernel/sync/locked_by.rs                |  112 +
 rust/kernel/sync/mod.rs                      |   92 +
 rust/kernel/sync/mutex.rs                    |  112 +
 rust/kernel/sync/revocable_mutex.rs          |  184 +
 rust/kernel/sync/seqlock.rs                  |  202 ++
 rust/kernel/sync/spinlock.rs                 |  180 +
 rust/kernel/sysctl.rs                        |  197 +
 rust/kernel/task.rs                          |  182 +
 rust/kernel/types.rs                         |  486 +++
 rust/kernel/user_ptr.rs                      |  175 +
 rust/macros/helpers.rs                       |   79 +
 rust/macros/lib.rs                           |   94 +
 rust/macros/module.rs                        |  622 ++++
 samples/Kconfig                              |    2 +
 samples/Makefile                             |    1 +
 samples/rust/Kconfig                         |  123 +
 samples/rust/Makefile                        |   13 +
 samples/rust/rust_chrdev.rs                  |   53 +
 samples/rust/rust_minimal.rs                 |   38 +
 samples/rust/rust_miscdev.rs                 |  147 +
 samples/rust/rust_module_parameters.rs       |   72 +
 samples/rust/rust_platform.rs                |   25 +
 samples/rust/rust_print.rs                   |   57 +
 samples/rust/rust_random.rs                  |   64 +
 samples/rust/rust_semaphore.rs               |  175 +
 samples/rust/rust_semaphore_c.c              |  212 ++
 samples/rust/rust_stack_probing.rs           |   40 +
 samples/rust/rust_sync.rs                    |   81 +
 scripts/Kconfig.include                      |    6 +-
 scripts/Makefile.build                       |   22 +
 scripts/Makefile.debug                       |   10 +
 scripts/Makefile.lib                         |   12 +
 scripts/Makefile.modfinal                    |    8 +-
 scripts/cc-version.sh                        |   12 +-
 scripts/decode_stacktrace.sh                 |   14 +
 scripts/generate_rust_analyzer.py            |  133 +
 scripts/is_rust_module.sh                    |   19 +
 scripts/kallsyms.c                           |   40 +-
 scripts/kconfig/confdata.c                   |   75 +
 scripts/min-tool-version.sh                  |    6 +
 scripts/rust-is-available-bindgen-libclang.h |    2 +
 scripts/rust-is-available.sh                 |  159 +
 tools/include/linux/kallsyms.h               |    2 +-
 tools/lib/perf/include/perf/event.h          |    2 +-
 tools/lib/symbol/kallsyms.h                  |    2 +-
 162 files changed, 33506 insertions(+), 58 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 .rustfmt.toml
 create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/arch-support.rst
 create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/assets/favicon-16x16.png
 create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/assets/favicon-32x32.png
 create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/assets/rust-logo.png
 create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/coding-guidelines.rst
 create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/general-information.rst
 create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/index.rst
 create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/quick-start.rst
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/rust/target.json
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/rust/target.json
 create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/rust/target.json
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/rust/rv32ima.json
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/rust/rv32imac.json
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/rust/rv64ima.json
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/rust/rv64imac.json
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/rust/target.json
 create mode 100644 drivers/android/allocation.rs
 create mode 100644 drivers/android/context.rs
 create mode 100644 drivers/android/defs.rs
 create mode 100644 drivers/android/node.rs
 create mode 100644 drivers/android/process.rs
 create mode 100644 drivers/android/range_alloc.rs
 create mode 100644 drivers/android/rust_binder.rs
 create mode 100644 drivers/android/thread.rs
 create mode 100644 drivers/android/transaction.rs
 create mode 100644 drivers/gpio/gpio_pl061_rust.rs
 create mode 100644 lib/rust.h
 create mode 100644 rust/.gitignore
 create mode 100644 rust/Makefile
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/README.md
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/alloc.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/borrow.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/boxed.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/collections/mod.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/fmt.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/lib.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/macros.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/raw_vec.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/slice.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/str.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/string.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/vec/drain.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/vec/drain_filter.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/vec/into_iter.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/vec/is_zero.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/vec/mod.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/vec/partial_eq.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/vec/set_len_on_drop.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/alloc/vec/spec_extend.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/bindgen_parameters
 create mode 100644 rust/build_error.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/compiler_builtins.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/exports.c
 create mode 100644 rust/helpers.c
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/allocator.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/amba.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/bindings.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/bindings_helper.h
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/buffer.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/build_assert.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/c_types.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/chrdev.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/clk.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/cred.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/device.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/driver.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/error.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/file.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/file_operations.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/gpio.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/io_buffer.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/io_mem.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/iov_iter.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/irq.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/lib.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/linked_list.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/miscdev.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/module_param.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/of.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/pages.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/platform.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/power.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/prelude.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/print.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/random.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/raw_list.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/rbtree.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/revocable.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/security.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/static_assert.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/std_vendor.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/str.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/sync/arc.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/sync/condvar.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/sync/guard.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/sync/locked_by.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/sync/mod.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/sync/mutex.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/sync/revocable_mutex.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/sync/seqlock.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/sync/spinlock.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/sysctl.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/task.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/types.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/user_ptr.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/macros/helpers.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/macros/lib.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/macros/module.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/Kconfig
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/Makefile
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_chrdev.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_minimal.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_miscdev.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_module_parameters.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_platform.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_print.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_random.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_semaphore.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_semaphore_c.c
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_stack_probing.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_sync.rs
 create mode 100755 scripts/generate_rust_analyzer.py
 create mode 100755 scripts/is_rust_module.sh
 create mode 100644 scripts/rust-is-available-bindgen-libclang.h
 create mode 100755 scripts/rust-is-available.sh

-- 
2.34.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 01/19] kallsyms: support "big" kernel symbols
  2022-01-17  5:33 [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support Miguel Ojeda
@ 2022-01-17  5:33 ` Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 02/19] kallsyms: increase maximum kernel symbol length to 512 Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (14 subsequent siblings)
  15 siblings, 0 replies; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-17  5:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel,
	Miguel Ojeda, Alex Gaynor, Wedson Almeida Filho, Gary Guo,
	Boqun Feng, Matthew Wilcox

Rust symbols can become quite long due to namespacing introduced
by modules, types, traits, generics, etc.

Increasing to 255 is not enough in some cases, and therefore
we need to introduce longer lengths to the symbol table.

In order to avoid increasing all lengths to 2 bytes (since most
of them are small, including many Rust ones), we use ULEB128 to
keep smaller symbols in 1 byte, with the rest in 2 bytes.

Co-developed-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Co-developed-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Signed-off-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Co-developed-by: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
 kernel/kallsyms.c  | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++----
 scripts/kallsyms.c | 29 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 2 files changed, 48 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/kallsyms.c b/kernel/kallsyms.c
index 3011bc33a5ba..80702273494a 100644
--- a/kernel/kallsyms.c
+++ b/kernel/kallsyms.c
@@ -69,12 +69,20 @@ static unsigned int kallsyms_expand_symbol(unsigned int off,
 	data = &kallsyms_names[off];
 	len = *data;
 	data++;
+	off++;
+
+	/* If MSB is 1, it is a "big" symbol, so needs an additional byte. */
+	if ((len & 0x80) != 0) {
+		len = (len & 0x7F) | (*data << 7);
+		data++;
+		off++;
+	}
 
 	/*
 	 * Update the offset to return the offset for the next symbol on
 	 * the compressed stream.
 	 */
-	off += len + 1;
+	off += len;
 
 	/*
 	 * For every byte on the compressed symbol data, copy the table
@@ -127,7 +135,7 @@ static char kallsyms_get_symbol_type(unsigned int off)
 static unsigned int get_symbol_offset(unsigned long pos)
 {
 	const u8 *name;
-	int i;
+	int i, len;
 
 	/*
 	 * Use the closest marker we have. We have markers every 256 positions,
@@ -141,8 +149,18 @@ static unsigned int get_symbol_offset(unsigned long pos)
 	 * so we just need to add the len to the current pointer for every
 	 * symbol we wish to skip.
 	 */
-	for (i = 0; i < (pos & 0xFF); i++)
-		name = name + (*name) + 1;
+	for (i = 0; i < (pos & 0xFF); i++) {
+		len = *name;
+
+		/*
+		 * If MSB is 1, it is a "big" symbol, so we need to look into
+		 * the next byte (and skip it, too).
+		 */
+		if ((len & 0x80) != 0)
+			len = ((len & 0x7F) | (name[1] << 7)) + 1;
+
+		name = name + len + 1;
+	}
 
 	return name - kallsyms_names;
 }
diff --git a/scripts/kallsyms.c b/scripts/kallsyms.c
index 54ad86d13784..79b11bb7f07d 100644
--- a/scripts/kallsyms.c
+++ b/scripts/kallsyms.c
@@ -470,12 +470,35 @@ static void write_src(void)
 		if ((i & 0xFF) == 0)
 			markers[i >> 8] = off;
 
-		printf("\t.byte 0x%02x", table[i]->len);
+		/* There cannot be any symbol of length zero. */
+		if (table[i]->len == 0) {
+			fprintf(stderr, "kallsyms failure: "
+				"unexpected zero symbol length\n");
+			exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+		}
+
+		/* Only lengths that fit in up-to-two-byte ULEB128 are supported. */
+		if (table[i]->len > 0x3FFF) {
+			fprintf(stderr, "kallsyms failure: "
+				"unexpected huge symbol length\n");
+			exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+		}
+
+		/* Encode length with ULEB128. */
+		if (table[i]->len <= 0x7F) {
+			/* Most symbols use a single byte for the length. */
+			printf("\t.byte 0x%02x", table[i]->len);
+			off += table[i]->len + 1;
+		} else {
+			/* "Big" symbols use two bytes. */
+			printf("\t.byte 0x%02x, 0x%02x",
+				(table[i]->len & 0x7F) | 0x80,
+				(table[i]->len >> 7) & 0x7F);
+			off += table[i]->len + 2;
+		}
 		for (k = 0; k < table[i]->len; k++)
 			printf(", 0x%02x", table[i]->sym[k]);
 		printf("\n");
-
-		off += table[i]->len + 1;
 	}
 	printf("\n");
 
-- 
2.34.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 02/19] kallsyms: increase maximum kernel symbol length to 512
  2022-01-17  5:33 [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 01/19] kallsyms: support "big" kernel symbols Miguel Ojeda
@ 2022-01-17  5:33 ` Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 03/19] kallsyms: use the correct buffer size for symbols Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (13 subsequent siblings)
  15 siblings, 0 replies; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-17  5:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel,
	Miguel Ojeda, Alex Gaynor, Wedson Almeida Filho, Gary Guo,
	Boqun Feng

Rust symbols can become quite long due to namespacing introduced
by modules, types, traits, generics, etc. For instance,
the following code:

    pub mod my_module {
        pub struct MyType;
        pub struct MyGenericType<T>(T);

        pub trait MyTrait {
            fn my_method() -> u32;
        }

        impl MyTrait for MyGenericType<MyType> {
            fn my_method() -> u32 {
                42
            }
        }
    }

generates a symbol of length 96 when using the upcoming v0 mangling scheme:

    _RNvXNtCshGpAVYOtgW1_7example9my_moduleINtB2_13MyGenericTypeNtB2_6MyTypeENtB2_7MyTrait9my_method

At the moment, Rust symbols may reach up to 300 in length.
Setting 512 as the maximum seems like a reasonable choice to
keep some headroom.

Co-developed-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Co-developed-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Signed-off-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Co-developed-by: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
 include/linux/kallsyms.h            | 2 +-
 kernel/livepatch/core.c             | 4 ++--
 scripts/kallsyms.c                  | 2 +-
 tools/include/linux/kallsyms.h      | 2 +-
 tools/lib/perf/include/perf/event.h | 2 +-
 tools/lib/symbol/kallsyms.h         | 2 +-
 6 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/kallsyms.h b/include/linux/kallsyms.h
index 4176c7eca7b5..5fb17dd4b6fa 100644
--- a/include/linux/kallsyms.h
+++ b/include/linux/kallsyms.h
@@ -15,7 +15,7 @@
 
 #include <asm/sections.h>
 
-#define KSYM_NAME_LEN 128
+#define KSYM_NAME_LEN 512
 #define KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN (sizeof("%s+%#lx/%#lx [%s %s]") + \
 			(KSYM_NAME_LEN - 1) + \
 			2*(BITS_PER_LONG*3/10) + (MODULE_NAME_LEN - 1) + \
diff --git a/kernel/livepatch/core.c b/kernel/livepatch/core.c
index 335d988bd811..73874e5edfda 100644
--- a/kernel/livepatch/core.c
+++ b/kernel/livepatch/core.c
@@ -213,7 +213,7 @@ static int klp_resolve_symbols(Elf64_Shdr *sechdrs, const char *strtab,
 	 * we use the smallest/strictest upper bound possible (56, based on
 	 * the current definition of MODULE_NAME_LEN) to prevent overflows.
 	 */
-	BUILD_BUG_ON(MODULE_NAME_LEN < 56 || KSYM_NAME_LEN != 128);
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(MODULE_NAME_LEN < 56 || KSYM_NAME_LEN != 512);
 
 	relas = (Elf_Rela *) relasec->sh_addr;
 	/* For each rela in this klp relocation section */
@@ -227,7 +227,7 @@ static int klp_resolve_symbols(Elf64_Shdr *sechdrs, const char *strtab,
 
 		/* Format: .klp.sym.sym_objname.sym_name,sympos */
 		cnt = sscanf(strtab + sym->st_name,
-			     ".klp.sym.%55[^.].%127[^,],%lu",
+			     ".klp.sym.%55[^.].%511[^,],%lu",
 			     sym_objname, sym_name, &sympos);
 		if (cnt != 3) {
 			pr_err("symbol %s has an incorrectly formatted name\n",
diff --git a/scripts/kallsyms.c b/scripts/kallsyms.c
index 79b11bb7f07d..72ba0fe4e43b 100644
--- a/scripts/kallsyms.c
+++ b/scripts/kallsyms.c
@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@
 
 #define ARRAY_SIZE(arr) (sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]))
 
-#define KSYM_NAME_LEN		128
+#define KSYM_NAME_LEN		512
 
 struct sym_entry {
 	unsigned long long addr;
diff --git a/tools/include/linux/kallsyms.h b/tools/include/linux/kallsyms.h
index efb6c3f5f2a9..5a37ccbec54f 100644
--- a/tools/include/linux/kallsyms.h
+++ b/tools/include/linux/kallsyms.h
@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@
 #include <stdio.h>
 #include <unistd.h>
 
-#define KSYM_NAME_LEN 128
+#define KSYM_NAME_LEN 512
 
 struct module;
 
diff --git a/tools/lib/perf/include/perf/event.h b/tools/lib/perf/include/perf/event.h
index 75ee385fb078..acc4fa065ec7 100644
--- a/tools/lib/perf/include/perf/event.h
+++ b/tools/lib/perf/include/perf/event.h
@@ -95,7 +95,7 @@ struct perf_record_throttle {
 };
 
 #ifndef KSYM_NAME_LEN
-#define KSYM_NAME_LEN 256
+#define KSYM_NAME_LEN 512
 #endif
 
 struct perf_record_ksymbol {
diff --git a/tools/lib/symbol/kallsyms.h b/tools/lib/symbol/kallsyms.h
index 72ab9870454b..542f9b059c3b 100644
--- a/tools/lib/symbol/kallsyms.h
+++ b/tools/lib/symbol/kallsyms.h
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@
 #include <linux/types.h>
 
 #ifndef KSYM_NAME_LEN
-#define KSYM_NAME_LEN 256
+#define KSYM_NAME_LEN 512
 #endif
 
 static inline u8 kallsyms2elf_binding(char type)
-- 
2.34.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 03/19] kallsyms: use the correct buffer size for symbols
  2022-01-17  5:33 [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 01/19] kallsyms: support "big" kernel symbols Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 02/19] kallsyms: increase maximum kernel symbol length to 512 Miguel Ojeda
@ 2022-01-17  5:33 ` Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 04/19] rust: add C helpers Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (12 subsequent siblings)
  15 siblings, 0 replies; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-17  5:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel,
	Miguel Ojeda, Boqun Feng

From: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>

The buffered name size should be larger than `KSYM_NAME_LEN`, otherwise
we cannot tell whether the size of a symbol name is too long.

Signed-off-by: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
 scripts/kallsyms.c | 9 ++++++---
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/scripts/kallsyms.c b/scripts/kallsyms.c
index 72ba0fe4e43b..0e37c19d84af 100644
--- a/scripts/kallsyms.c
+++ b/scripts/kallsyms.c
@@ -27,6 +27,9 @@
 
 #define ARRAY_SIZE(arr) (sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]))
 
+#define _stringify_1(x)	#x
+#define _stringify(x)	_stringify_1(x)
+
 #define KSYM_NAME_LEN		512
 
 struct sym_entry {
@@ -197,15 +200,15 @@ static void check_symbol_range(const char *sym, unsigned long long addr,
 
 static struct sym_entry *read_symbol(FILE *in)
 {
-	char name[500], type;
+	char name[KSYM_NAME_LEN+1], type;
 	unsigned long long addr;
 	unsigned int len;
 	struct sym_entry *sym;
 	int rc;
 
-	rc = fscanf(in, "%llx %c %499s\n", &addr, &type, name);
+	rc = fscanf(in, "%llx %c %" _stringify(KSYM_NAME_LEN) "s\n", &addr, &type, name);
 	if (rc != 3) {
-		if (rc != EOF && fgets(name, 500, in) == NULL)
+		if (rc != EOF && fgets(name, KSYM_NAME_LEN + 1, in) == NULL)
 			fprintf(stderr, "Read error or end of file.\n");
 		return NULL;
 	}
-- 
2.34.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 04/19] rust: add C helpers
  2022-01-17  5:33 [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 03/19] kallsyms: use the correct buffer size for symbols Miguel Ojeda
@ 2022-01-17  5:33 ` Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 05/19] rust: add `compiler_builtins` crate Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (11 subsequent siblings)
  15 siblings, 0 replies; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-17  5:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel,
	Miguel Ojeda, Alex Gaynor, Geoffrey Thomas, Wedson Almeida Filho,
	Sven Van Asbroeck, Gary Guo, Boqun Feng, Maciej Falkowski

This source file contains forwarders to C macros and inlined
functions.

Co-developed-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Geoffrey Thomas <geofft@ldpreload.com>
Signed-off-by: Geoffrey Thomas <geofft@ldpreload.com>
Co-developed-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Co-developed-by: Sven Van Asbroeck <thesven73@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Sven Van Asbroeck <thesven73@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Signed-off-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Co-developed-by: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Maciej Falkowski <m.falkowski@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Maciej Falkowski <m.falkowski@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
 rust/helpers.c | 508 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 508 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 rust/helpers.c

diff --git a/rust/helpers.c b/rust/helpers.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..324ed4dc27d5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rust/helpers.c
@@ -0,0 +1,508 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+#include <linux/bug.h>
+#include <linux/build_bug.h>
+#include <linux/clk.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
+#include <linux/gfp.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
+#include <linux/uio.h>
+#include <linux/errname.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/security.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <linux/irq.h>
+#include <linux/irqchip/chained_irq.h>
+#include <linux/irqdomain.h>
+#include <linux/amba/bus.h>
+#include <linux/of_device.h>
+
+__noreturn void rust_helper_BUG(void)
+{
+	BUG();
+}
+
+void rust_helper_clk_disable_unprepare(struct clk *clk)
+{
+	return clk_disable_unprepare(clk);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_clk_disable_unprepare);
+
+int rust_helper_clk_prepare_enable(struct clk *clk)
+{
+	return clk_prepare_enable(clk);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_clk_prepare_enable);
+
+unsigned long rust_helper_copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n)
+{
+	return copy_from_user(to, from, n);
+}
+
+unsigned long rust_helper_copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n)
+{
+	return copy_to_user(to, from, n);
+}
+
+unsigned long rust_helper_clear_user(void __user *to, unsigned long n)
+{
+	return clear_user(to, n);
+}
+
+void __iomem *rust_helper_ioremap(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size)
+{
+	return ioremap(offset, size);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_ioremap);
+
+u8 rust_helper_readb(const volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+	return readb(addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_readb);
+
+u16 rust_helper_readw(const volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+	return readw(addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_readw);
+
+u32 rust_helper_readl(const volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+	return readl(addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_readl);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+u64 rust_helper_readq(const volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+	return readq(addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_readq);
+#endif
+
+void rust_helper_writeb(u8 value, volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+	writeb(value, addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_writeb);
+
+void rust_helper_writew(u16 value, volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+	writew(value, addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_writew);
+
+void rust_helper_writel(u32 value, volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+	writel(value, addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_writel);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+void rust_helper_writeq(u64 value, volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+	writeq(value, addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_writeq);
+#endif
+
+u8 rust_helper_readb_relaxed(const volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+	return readb_relaxed(addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_readb_relaxed);
+
+u16 rust_helper_readw_relaxed(const volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+	return readw_relaxed(addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_readw_relaxed);
+
+u32 rust_helper_readl_relaxed(const volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+	return readl_relaxed(addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_readl_relaxed);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+u64 rust_helper_readq_relaxed(const volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+	return readq_relaxed(addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_readq_relaxed);
+#endif
+
+void rust_helper_writeb_relaxed(u8 value, volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+        writeb_relaxed(value, addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_writeb_relaxed);
+
+void rust_helper_writew_relaxed(u16 value, volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+        writew_relaxed(value, addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_writew_relaxed);
+
+void rust_helper_writel_relaxed(u32 value, volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+        writel_relaxed(value, addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_writel_relaxed);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+void rust_helper_writeq_relaxed(u64 value, volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+        writeq_relaxed(value, addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_writeq_relaxed);
+#endif
+void rust_helper___spin_lock_init(spinlock_t *lock, const char *name,
+				  struct lock_class_key *key)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK
+	__spin_lock_init(lock, name, key);
+#else
+	spin_lock_init(lock);
+#endif
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper___spin_lock_init);
+
+void rust_helper_spin_lock(spinlock_t *lock)
+{
+	spin_lock(lock);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_spin_lock);
+
+void rust_helper_spin_unlock(spinlock_t *lock)
+{
+	spin_unlock(lock);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_spin_unlock);
+
+unsigned long rust_helper_spin_lock_irqsave(spinlock_t *lock)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags);
+	return flags;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_spin_lock_irqsave);
+
+void rust_helper_spin_unlock_irqrestore(spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long flags)
+{
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_spin_unlock_irqrestore);
+
+void rust_helper_init_wait(struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry)
+{
+	init_wait(wq_entry);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_init_wait);
+
+int rust_helper_signal_pending(struct task_struct *t)
+{
+	return signal_pending(t);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_signal_pending);
+
+struct page *rust_helper_alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order)
+{
+	return alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_alloc_pages);
+
+void *rust_helper_kmap(struct page *page)
+{
+	return kmap(page);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_kmap);
+
+void rust_helper_kunmap(struct page *page)
+{
+	return kunmap(page);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_kunmap);
+
+int rust_helper_cond_resched(void)
+{
+	return cond_resched();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_cond_resched);
+
+size_t rust_helper_copy_from_iter(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i)
+{
+	return copy_from_iter(addr, bytes, i);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_copy_from_iter);
+
+size_t rust_helper_copy_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i)
+{
+	return copy_to_iter(addr, bytes, i);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_copy_to_iter);
+
+bool rust_helper_IS_ERR(__force const void *ptr)
+{
+	return IS_ERR(ptr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_IS_ERR);
+
+long rust_helper_PTR_ERR(__force const void *ptr)
+{
+	return PTR_ERR(ptr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_PTR_ERR);
+
+const char *rust_helper_errname(int err)
+{
+	return errname(err);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_errname);
+
+void rust_helper_mutex_lock(struct mutex *lock)
+{
+	mutex_lock(lock);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_mutex_lock);
+
+void rust_helper_amba_set_drvdata(struct amba_device *dev, void *data)
+{
+	amba_set_drvdata(dev, data);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_amba_set_drvdata);
+
+void *rust_helper_amba_get_drvdata(struct amba_device *dev)
+{
+	return amba_get_drvdata(dev);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_amba_get_drvdata);
+
+void *
+rust_helper_platform_get_drvdata(const struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+	return platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_platform_get_drvdata);
+
+void
+rust_helper_platform_set_drvdata(struct platform_device *pdev,
+				 void *data)
+{
+	return platform_set_drvdata(pdev, data);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_platform_set_drvdata);
+
+refcount_t rust_helper_REFCOUNT_INIT(int n)
+{
+	return (refcount_t)REFCOUNT_INIT(n);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_REFCOUNT_INIT);
+
+void rust_helper_refcount_inc(refcount_t *r)
+{
+	refcount_inc(r);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_refcount_inc);
+
+bool rust_helper_refcount_dec_and_test(refcount_t *r)
+{
+	return refcount_dec_and_test(r);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_refcount_dec_and_test);
+
+void rust_helper_rb_link_node(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_node *parent,
+			      struct rb_node **rb_link)
+{
+	rb_link_node(node, parent, rb_link);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_rb_link_node);
+
+struct task_struct *rust_helper_get_current(void)
+{
+	return current;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_get_current);
+
+void rust_helper_get_task_struct(struct task_struct * t)
+{
+	get_task_struct(t);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_get_task_struct);
+
+void rust_helper_put_task_struct(struct task_struct * t)
+{
+	put_task_struct(t);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_put_task_struct);
+
+int rust_helper_security_binder_set_context_mgr(const struct cred *mgr)
+{
+	return security_binder_set_context_mgr(mgr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_security_binder_set_context_mgr);
+
+int rust_helper_security_binder_transaction(const struct cred *from,
+					    const struct cred *to)
+{
+	return security_binder_transaction(from, to);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_security_binder_transaction);
+
+int rust_helper_security_binder_transfer_binder(const struct cred *from,
+						const struct cred *to)
+{
+	return security_binder_transfer_binder(from, to);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_security_binder_transfer_binder);
+
+int rust_helper_security_binder_transfer_file(const struct cred *from,
+					      const struct cred *to,
+					      struct file *file)
+{
+	return security_binder_transfer_file(from, to, file);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_security_binder_transfer_file);
+
+void rust_helper_rcu_read_lock(void)
+{
+	rcu_read_lock();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_rcu_read_lock);
+
+void rust_helper_rcu_read_unlock(void)
+{
+	rcu_read_unlock();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_rcu_read_unlock);
+
+void rust_helper_synchronize_rcu(void)
+{
+	synchronize_rcu();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_synchronize_rcu);
+
+void *rust_helper_dev_get_drvdata(struct device *dev)
+{
+	return dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_dev_get_drvdata);
+
+const char *rust_helper_dev_name(const struct device *dev)
+{
+	return dev_name(dev);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_dev_name);
+
+void rust_helper___seqcount_init(seqcount_t *s, const char *name,
+				 struct lock_class_key *key)
+{
+	__seqcount_init(s, name, key);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper___seqcount_init);
+
+unsigned rust_helper_read_seqcount_begin(seqcount_t *s)
+{
+	return read_seqcount_begin(s);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_read_seqcount_begin);
+
+int rust_helper_read_seqcount_retry(seqcount_t *s, unsigned start)
+{
+	return read_seqcount_retry(s, start);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_read_seqcount_retry);
+
+void rust_helper_write_seqcount_begin(seqcount_t *s)
+{
+	do_write_seqcount_begin(s);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_write_seqcount_begin);
+
+void rust_helper_write_seqcount_end(seqcount_t *s)
+{
+	do_write_seqcount_end(s);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_write_seqcount_end);
+
+void rust_helper_irq_set_handler_locked(struct irq_data *data,
+					irq_flow_handler_t handler)
+{
+	irq_set_handler_locked(data, handler);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_irq_set_handler_locked);
+
+void *rust_helper_irq_data_get_irq_chip_data(struct irq_data *d)
+{
+	return irq_data_get_irq_chip_data(d);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_irq_data_get_irq_chip_data);
+
+struct irq_chip *rust_helper_irq_desc_get_chip(struct irq_desc *desc)
+{
+	return irq_desc_get_chip(desc);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_irq_desc_get_chip);
+
+void *rust_helper_irq_desc_get_handler_data(struct irq_desc *desc)
+{
+	return irq_desc_get_handler_data(desc);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_irq_desc_get_handler_data);
+
+void rust_helper_chained_irq_enter(struct irq_chip *chip,
+				   struct irq_desc *desc)
+{
+	chained_irq_enter(chip, desc);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_chained_irq_enter);
+
+void rust_helper_chained_irq_exit(struct irq_chip *chip,
+				   struct irq_desc *desc)
+{
+	chained_irq_exit(chip, desc);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_chained_irq_exit);
+
+const struct cred *rust_helper_get_cred(const struct cred *cred)
+{
+	return get_cred(cred);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_get_cred);
+
+void rust_helper_put_cred(const struct cred *cred) {
+	put_cred(cred);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_put_cred);
+
+const struct of_device_id *rust_helper_of_match_device(
+		const struct of_device_id *matches, const struct device *dev)
+{
+	return of_match_device(matches, dev);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rust_helper_of_match_device);
+
+/* We use bindgen's --size_t-is-usize option to bind the C size_t type
+ * as the Rust usize type, so we can use it in contexts where Rust
+ * expects a usize like slice (array) indices. usize is defined to be
+ * the same as C's uintptr_t type (can hold any pointer) but not
+ * necessarily the same as size_t (can hold the size of any single
+ * object). Most modern platforms use the same concrete integer type for
+ * both of them, but in case we find ourselves on a platform where
+ * that's not true, fail early instead of risking ABI or
+ * integer-overflow issues.
+ *
+ * If your platform fails this assertion, it means that you are in
+ * danger of integer-overflow bugs (even if you attempt to remove
+ * --size_t-is-usize). It may be easiest to change the kernel ABI on
+ * your platform such that size_t matches uintptr_t (i.e., to increase
+ * size_t, because uintptr_t has to be at least as big as size_t).
+*/
+static_assert(
+	sizeof(size_t) == sizeof(uintptr_t) &&
+	__alignof__(size_t) == __alignof__(uintptr_t),
+	"Rust code expects C size_t to match Rust usize"
+);
-- 
2.34.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 05/19] rust: add `compiler_builtins` crate
  2022-01-17  5:33 [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 04/19] rust: add C helpers Miguel Ojeda
@ 2022-01-17  5:33 ` Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 07/19] rust: add `build_error` crate Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (10 subsequent siblings)
  15 siblings, 0 replies; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-17  5:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel,
	Miguel Ojeda, Alex Gaynor, Wedson Almeida Filho,
	Sven Van Asbroeck, Gary Guo

Rust provides `compiler_builtins` as a port of LLVM's `compiler-rt`.
Since we do not need the vast majority of them, we avoid the
dependency by providing our own crate.

Co-developed-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Co-developed-by: Sven Van Asbroeck <thesven73@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Sven Van Asbroeck <thesven73@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Signed-off-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
 rust/compiler_builtins.rs | 57 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 57 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 rust/compiler_builtins.rs

diff --git a/rust/compiler_builtins.rs b/rust/compiler_builtins.rs
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..a5a0be72591b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rust/compiler_builtins.rs
@@ -0,0 +1,57 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+//! Our own `compiler_builtins`.
+//!
+//! Rust provides [`compiler_builtins`] as a port of LLVM's [`compiler-rt`].
+//! Since we do not need the vast majority of them, we avoid the dependency
+//! by providing this file.
+//!
+//! At the moment, some builtins are required that should not be. For instance,
+//! [`core`] has floating-point functionality which we should not be compiling
+//! in. We will work with upstream [`core`] to provide feature flags to disable
+//! the parts we do not need. For the moment, we define them to [`panic!`] at
+//! runtime for simplicity to catch mistakes, instead of performing surgery
+//! on `core.o`.
+//!
+//! In any case, all these symbols are weakened to ensure we do not override
+//! those that may be provided by the rest of the kernel.
+//!
+//! [`compiler_builtins`]: https://github.com/rust-lang/compiler-builtins
+//! [`compiler-rt`]: https://compiler-rt.llvm.org/
+
+#![feature(compiler_builtins)]
+#![compiler_builtins]
+#![no_builtins]
+#![no_std]
+
+macro_rules! define_panicking_intrinsics(
+    ($reason: tt, { $($ident: ident, )* }) => {
+        $(
+            #[doc(hidden)]
+            #[no_mangle]
+            pub extern "C" fn $ident() {
+                panic!($reason);
+            }
+        )*
+    }
+);
+
+define_panicking_intrinsics!("`i128` should not be used", {
+    __ashrti3,
+    __muloti4,
+    __multi3,
+});
+
+define_panicking_intrinsics!("`u128` should not be used", {
+    __ashlti3,
+    __lshrti3,
+    __udivmodti4,
+    __udivti3,
+    __umodti3,
+});
+
+#[cfg(target_arch = "arm")]
+define_panicking_intrinsics!("`u64` division/modulo should not be used", {
+    __aeabi_uldivmod,
+    __mulodi4,
+});
-- 
2.34.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 07/19] rust: add `build_error` crate
  2022-01-17  5:33 [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 05/19] rust: add `compiler_builtins` crate Miguel Ojeda
@ 2022-01-17  5:33 ` Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 08/19] rust: add `macros` crate Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (9 subsequent siblings)
  15 siblings, 0 replies; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-17  5:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel,
	Miguel Ojeda, Gary Guo, Alex Gaynor, Wedson Almeida Filho

From: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>

The `build_error` crate provides the `build_error` function which
is then used to provide the `build_error!` and the `build_assert!`
macros.

`build_assert!` is intended to be used when `static_assert!` cannot
be used, e.g. when the condition refers to generic parameters or
parameters of an inline function.

Co-developed-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Co-developed-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
 rust/build_error.rs | 29 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 29 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 rust/build_error.rs

diff --git a/rust/build_error.rs b/rust/build_error.rs
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..34e589149d3e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rust/build_error.rs
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+//! Build-time error.
+//!
+//! This crate provides a function `build_error`, which will panic in
+//! compile-time if executed in const context, and will cause a build error
+//! if not executed at compile time and the optimizer does not optimise away the
+//! call.
+//!
+//! It is used by `build_assert!` in the kernel crate, allowing checking of
+//! conditions that could be checked statically, but could not be enforced in
+//! Rust yet (e.g. perform some checks in const functions, but those
+//! functions could still be called in the runtime).
+
+#![no_std]
+
+/// Panics if executed in const context, or triggers a build error if not.
+#[inline(never)]
+#[cold]
+#[no_mangle]
+#[track_caller]
+pub const fn build_error(msg: &'static str) -> ! {
+    panic!("{}", msg);
+}
+
+#[cfg(CONFIG_RUST_BUILD_ASSERT_WARN)]
+#[link_section = ".gnu.warning.build_error"]
+#[used]
+static BUILD_ERROR_WARNING: [u8; 45] = *b"call to build_error present after compilation";
-- 
2.34.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 08/19] rust: add `macros` crate
  2022-01-17  5:33 [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 07/19] rust: add `build_error` crate Miguel Ojeda
@ 2022-01-17  5:33 ` Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 10/19] rust: export generated symbols Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (8 subsequent siblings)
  15 siblings, 0 replies; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-17  5:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel,
	Miguel Ojeda, Alex Gaynor, Finn Behrens, Adam Bratschi-Kaye,
	Wedson Almeida Filho, Sumera Priyadarsini, Gary Guo,
	Matthew Bakhtiari

This crate contains all the procedural macros ("proc macros")
shared by all the kernel.

Procedural macros allow to create syntax extensions. They run at
compile-time and can consume as well as produce Rust syntax.

For instance, the `module!` macro that is used by Rust modules
is implemented here. It allows to easily declare the equivalent
information to the `MODULE_*` macros in C modules, e.g.:

    module! {
        type: RustMinimal,
        name: b"rust_minimal",
        author: b"Rust for Linux Contributors",
        description: b"Rust minimal sample",
        license: b"GPL v2",
    }

Co-developed-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Finn Behrens <me@kloenk.de>
Signed-off-by: Finn Behrens <me@kloenk.de>
Co-developed-by: Adam Bratschi-Kaye <ark.email@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Adam Bratschi-Kaye <ark.email@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Co-developed-by: Sumera Priyadarsini <sylphrenadin@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Sumera Priyadarsini <sylphrenadin@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Signed-off-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Co-developed-by: Matthew Bakhtiari <dev@mtbk.me>
Signed-off-by: Matthew Bakhtiari <dev@mtbk.me>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
 rust/macros/helpers.rs |  79 ++++++
 rust/macros/lib.rs     |  94 +++++++
 rust/macros/module.rs  | 622 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 795 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 rust/macros/helpers.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/macros/lib.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/macros/module.rs

diff --git a/rust/macros/helpers.rs b/rust/macros/helpers.rs
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ad210563e5a6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rust/macros/helpers.rs
@@ -0,0 +1,79 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+use proc_macro::{token_stream, Group, TokenTree};
+
+pub(crate) fn try_ident(it: &mut token_stream::IntoIter) -> Option<String> {
+    if let Some(TokenTree::Ident(ident)) = it.next() {
+        Some(ident.to_string())
+    } else {
+        None
+    }
+}
+
+pub(crate) fn try_literal(it: &mut token_stream::IntoIter) -> Option<String> {
+    if let Some(TokenTree::Literal(literal)) = it.next() {
+        Some(literal.to_string())
+    } else {
+        None
+    }
+}
+
+pub(crate) fn try_byte_string(it: &mut token_stream::IntoIter) -> Option<String> {
+    try_literal(it).and_then(|byte_string| {
+        if byte_string.starts_with("b\"") && byte_string.ends_with('\"') {
+            Some(byte_string[2..byte_string.len() - 1].to_string())
+        } else {
+            None
+        }
+    })
+}
+
+pub(crate) fn expect_ident(it: &mut token_stream::IntoIter) -> String {
+    try_ident(it).expect("Expected Ident")
+}
+
+pub(crate) fn expect_punct(it: &mut token_stream::IntoIter) -> char {
+    if let TokenTree::Punct(punct) = it.next().expect("Reached end of token stream for Punct") {
+        punct.as_char()
+    } else {
+        panic!("Expected Punct");
+    }
+}
+
+pub(crate) fn expect_literal(it: &mut token_stream::IntoIter) -> String {
+    try_literal(it).expect("Expected Literal")
+}
+
+pub(crate) fn expect_group(it: &mut token_stream::IntoIter) -> Group {
+    if let TokenTree::Group(group) = it.next().expect("Reached end of token stream for Group") {
+        group
+    } else {
+        panic!("Expected Group");
+    }
+}
+
+pub(crate) fn expect_byte_string(it: &mut token_stream::IntoIter) -> String {
+    try_byte_string(it).expect("Expected byte string")
+}
+
+pub(crate) fn expect_end(it: &mut token_stream::IntoIter) {
+    if it.next().is_some() {
+        panic!("Expected end");
+    }
+}
+
+pub(crate) fn get_literal(it: &mut token_stream::IntoIter, expected_name: &str) -> String {
+    assert_eq!(expect_ident(it), expected_name);
+    assert_eq!(expect_punct(it), ':');
+    let literal = expect_literal(it);
+    assert_eq!(expect_punct(it), ',');
+    literal
+}
+
+pub(crate) fn get_byte_string(it: &mut token_stream::IntoIter, expected_name: &str) -> String {
+    assert_eq!(expect_ident(it), expected_name);
+    assert_eq!(expect_punct(it), ':');
+    let byte_string = expect_byte_string(it);
+    assert_eq!(expect_punct(it), ',');
+    byte_string
+}
diff --git a/rust/macros/lib.rs b/rust/macros/lib.rs
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5f0732be3992
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rust/macros/lib.rs
@@ -0,0 +1,94 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+//! Crate for all kernel procedural macros.
+
+mod helpers;
+mod module;
+
+use proc_macro::TokenStream;
+
+/// Declares a kernel module.
+///
+/// The `type` argument should be a type which implements the [`KernelModule`]
+/// trait. Also accepts various forms of kernel metadata.
+///
+/// C header: [`include/linux/moduleparam.h`](../../../include/linux/moduleparam.h)
+///
+/// [`KernelModule`]: ../kernel/trait.KernelModule.html
+///
+/// # Examples
+///
+/// ```ignore
+/// use kernel::prelude::*;
+///
+/// module!{
+///     type: MyKernelModule,
+///     name: b"my_kernel_module",
+///     author: b"Rust for Linux Contributors",
+///     description: b"My very own kernel module!",
+///     license: b"GPL v2",
+///     params: {
+///        my_i32: i32 {
+///            default: 42,
+///            permissions: 0o000,
+///            description: b"Example of i32",
+///        },
+///        writeable_i32: i32 {
+///            default: 42,
+///            permissions: 0o644,
+///            description: b"Example of i32",
+///        },
+///    },
+/// }
+///
+/// struct MyKernelModule;
+///
+/// impl KernelModule for MyKernelModule {
+///     fn init() -> Result<Self> {
+///         // If the parameter is writeable, then the kparam lock must be
+///         // taken to read the parameter:
+///         {
+///             let lock = THIS_MODULE.kernel_param_lock();
+///             pr_info!("i32 param is:  {}\n", writeable_i32.read(&lock));
+///         }
+///         // If the parameter is read only, it can be read without locking
+///         // the kernel parameters:
+///         pr_info!("i32 param is:  {}\n", my_i32.read());
+///         Ok(MyKernelModule)
+///     }
+/// }
+/// ```
+///
+/// # Supported argument types
+///   - `type`: type which implements the [`KernelModule`] trait (required).
+///   - `name`: byte array of the name of the kernel module (required).
+///   - `author`: byte array of the author of the kernel module.
+///   - `description`: byte array of the description of the kernel module.
+///   - `license`: byte array of the license of the kernel module (required).
+///   - `alias`: byte array of alias name of the kernel module.
+///   - `alias_rtnl_link`: byte array of the `rtnl_link_alias` of the kernel module (mutually exclusive with `alias`).
+///   - `params`: parameters for the kernel module, as described below.
+///
+/// # Supported parameter types
+///
+///   - `bool`: Corresponds to C `bool` param type.
+///   - `i8`: No equivalent C param type.
+///   - `u8`: Corresponds to C `char` param type.
+///   - `i16`: Corresponds to C `short` param type.
+///   - `u16`: Corresponds to C `ushort` param type.
+///   - `i32`: Corresponds to C `int` param type.
+///   - `u32`: Corresponds to C `uint` param type.
+///   - `i64`: No equivalent C param type.
+///   - `u64`: Corresponds to C `ullong` param type.
+///   - `isize`: No equivalent C param type.
+///   - `usize`: No equivalent C param type.
+///   - `str`: Corresponds to C `charp` param type. Reading returns a byte slice.
+///   - `ArrayParam<T,N>`: Corresponds to C parameters created using `module_param_array`. An array
+///     of `T`'s of length at **most** `N`.
+///
+/// `invbool` is unsupported: it was only ever used in a few modules.
+/// Consider using a `bool` and inverting the logic instead.
+#[proc_macro]
+pub fn module(ts: TokenStream) -> TokenStream {
+    module::module(ts)
+}
diff --git a/rust/macros/module.rs b/rust/macros/module.rs
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f43ff3ea01cd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rust/macros/module.rs
@@ -0,0 +1,622 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+use proc_macro::{token_stream, Delimiter, Group, Literal, TokenStream, TokenTree};
+
+use crate::helpers::*;
+
+#[derive(Clone, PartialEq)]
+enum ParamType {
+    Ident(String),
+    Array { vals: String, max_length: usize },
+}
+
+fn expect_array_fields(it: &mut token_stream::IntoIter) -> ParamType {
+    assert_eq!(expect_punct(it), '<');
+    let vals = expect_ident(it);
+    assert_eq!(expect_punct(it), ',');
+    let max_length_str = expect_literal(it);
+    let max_length = max_length_str
+        .parse::<usize>()
+        .expect("Expected usize length");
+    assert_eq!(expect_punct(it), '>');
+    ParamType::Array { vals, max_length }
+}
+
+fn expect_type(it: &mut token_stream::IntoIter) -> ParamType {
+    if let TokenTree::Ident(ident) = it
+        .next()
+        .expect("Reached end of token stream for param type")
+    {
+        match ident.to_string().as_ref() {
+            "ArrayParam" => expect_array_fields(it),
+            _ => ParamType::Ident(ident.to_string()),
+        }
+    } else {
+        panic!("Expected Param Type")
+    }
+}
+
+struct ModInfoBuilder<'a> {
+    module: &'a str,
+    counter: usize,
+    buffer: String,
+}
+
+impl<'a> ModInfoBuilder<'a> {
+    fn new(module: &'a str) -> Self {
+        ModInfoBuilder {
+            module,
+            counter: 0,
+            buffer: String::new(),
+        }
+    }
+
+    fn emit_base(&mut self, field: &str, content: &str, builtin: bool) {
+        use std::fmt::Write;
+
+        let string = if builtin {
+            // Built-in modules prefix their modinfo strings by `module.`.
+            format!(
+                "{module}.{field}={content}\0",
+                module = self.module,
+                field = field,
+                content = content
+            )
+        } else {
+            // Loadable modules' modinfo strings go as-is.
+            format!("{field}={content}\0", field = field, content = content)
+        };
+
+        write!(
+            &mut self.buffer,
+            "
+                {cfg}
+                #[doc(hidden)]
+                #[link_section = \".modinfo\"]
+                #[used]
+                pub static __{module}_{counter}: [u8; {length}] = *{string};
+            ",
+            cfg = if builtin {
+                "#[cfg(not(MODULE))]"
+            } else {
+                "#[cfg(MODULE)]"
+            },
+            module = self.module,
+            counter = self.counter,
+            length = string.len(),
+            string = Literal::byte_string(string.as_bytes()),
+        )
+        .unwrap();
+
+        self.counter += 1;
+    }
+
+    fn emit_only_builtin(&mut self, field: &str, content: &str) {
+        self.emit_base(field, content, true)
+    }
+
+    fn emit_only_loadable(&mut self, field: &str, content: &str) {
+        self.emit_base(field, content, false)
+    }
+
+    fn emit(&mut self, field: &str, content: &str) {
+        self.emit_only_builtin(field, content);
+        self.emit_only_loadable(field, content);
+    }
+
+    fn emit_param(&mut self, field: &str, param: &str, content: &str) {
+        let content = format!("{param}:{content}", param = param, content = content);
+        self.emit(field, &content);
+    }
+}
+
+fn permissions_are_readonly(perms: &str) -> bool {
+    let (radix, digits) = if let Some(n) = perms.strip_prefix("0x") {
+        (16, n)
+    } else if let Some(n) = perms.strip_prefix("0o") {
+        (8, n)
+    } else if let Some(n) = perms.strip_prefix("0b") {
+        (2, n)
+    } else {
+        (10, perms)
+    };
+    match u32::from_str_radix(digits, radix) {
+        Ok(perms) => perms & 0o222 == 0,
+        Err(_) => false,
+    }
+}
+
+fn param_ops_path(param_type: &str) -> &'static str {
+    match param_type {
+        "bool" => "kernel::module_param::PARAM_OPS_BOOL",
+        "i8" => "kernel::module_param::PARAM_OPS_I8",
+        "u8" => "kernel::module_param::PARAM_OPS_U8",
+        "i16" => "kernel::module_param::PARAM_OPS_I16",
+        "u16" => "kernel::module_param::PARAM_OPS_U16",
+        "i32" => "kernel::module_param::PARAM_OPS_I32",
+        "u32" => "kernel::module_param::PARAM_OPS_U32",
+        "i64" => "kernel::module_param::PARAM_OPS_I64",
+        "u64" => "kernel::module_param::PARAM_OPS_U64",
+        "isize" => "kernel::module_param::PARAM_OPS_ISIZE",
+        "usize" => "kernel::module_param::PARAM_OPS_USIZE",
+        "str" => "kernel::module_param::PARAM_OPS_STR",
+        t => panic!("Unrecognized type {}", t),
+    }
+}
+
+fn try_simple_param_val(
+    param_type: &str,
+) -> Box<dyn Fn(&mut token_stream::IntoIter) -> Option<String>> {
+    match param_type {
+        "bool" => Box::new(try_ident),
+        "str" => Box::new(|param_it| {
+            try_byte_string(param_it)
+                .map(|s| format!("kernel::module_param::StringParam::Ref(b\"{}\")", s))
+        }),
+        _ => Box::new(try_literal),
+    }
+}
+
+fn get_default(param_type: &ParamType, param_it: &mut token_stream::IntoIter) -> String {
+    let try_param_val = match param_type {
+        ParamType::Ident(ref param_type)
+        | ParamType::Array {
+            vals: ref param_type,
+            max_length: _,
+        } => try_simple_param_val(param_type),
+    };
+    assert_eq!(expect_ident(param_it), "default");
+    assert_eq!(expect_punct(param_it), ':');
+    let default = match param_type {
+        ParamType::Ident(_) => try_param_val(param_it).expect("Expected default param value"),
+        ParamType::Array {
+            vals: _,
+            max_length: _,
+        } => {
+            let group = expect_group(param_it);
+            assert_eq!(group.delimiter(), Delimiter::Bracket);
+            let mut default_vals = Vec::new();
+            let mut it = group.stream().into_iter();
+
+            while let Some(default_val) = try_param_val(&mut it) {
+                default_vals.push(default_val);
+                match it.next() {
+                    Some(TokenTree::Punct(punct)) => assert_eq!(punct.as_char(), ','),
+                    None => break,
+                    _ => panic!("Expected ',' or end of array default values"),
+                }
+            }
+
+            let mut default_array = "kernel::module_param::ArrayParam::create(&[".to_string();
+            default_array.push_str(
+                &default_vals
+                    .iter()
+                    .map(|val| val.to_string())
+                    .collect::<Vec<String>>()
+                    .join(","),
+            );
+            default_array.push_str("])");
+            default_array
+        }
+    };
+    assert_eq!(expect_punct(param_it), ',');
+    default
+}
+
+fn generated_array_ops_name(vals: &str, max_length: usize) -> String {
+    format!(
+        "__generated_array_ops_{vals}_{max_length}",
+        vals = vals,
+        max_length = max_length
+    )
+}
+
+#[derive(Debug, Default)]
+struct ModuleInfo {
+    type_: String,
+    license: String,
+    name: String,
+    author: Option<String>,
+    description: Option<String>,
+    alias: Option<String>,
+    params: Option<Group>,
+}
+
+impl ModuleInfo {
+    fn parse(it: &mut token_stream::IntoIter) -> Self {
+        let mut info = ModuleInfo::default();
+
+        const EXPECTED_KEYS: &[&str] = &[
+            "type",
+            "name",
+            "author",
+            "description",
+            "license",
+            "alias",
+            "alias_rtnl_link",
+            "params",
+        ];
+        const REQUIRED_KEYS: &[&str] = &["type", "name", "license"];
+        let mut seen_keys = Vec::new();
+
+        loop {
+            let key = match it.next() {
+                Some(TokenTree::Ident(ident)) => ident.to_string(),
+                Some(_) => panic!("Expected Ident or end"),
+                None => break,
+            };
+
+            if seen_keys.contains(&key) {
+                panic!(
+                    "Duplicated key \"{}\". Keys can only be specified once.",
+                    key
+                );
+            }
+
+            assert_eq!(expect_punct(it), ':');
+
+            match key.as_str() {
+                "type" => info.type_ = expect_ident(it),
+                "name" => info.name = expect_byte_string(it),
+                "author" => info.author = Some(expect_byte_string(it)),
+                "description" => info.description = Some(expect_byte_string(it)),
+                "license" => info.license = expect_byte_string(it),
+                "alias" => info.alias = Some(expect_byte_string(it)),
+                "alias_rtnl_link" => {
+                    info.alias = Some(format!("rtnl-link-{}", expect_byte_string(it)))
+                }
+                "params" => info.params = Some(expect_group(it)),
+                _ => panic!(
+                    "Unknown key \"{}\". Valid keys are: {:?}.",
+                    key, EXPECTED_KEYS
+                ),
+            }
+
+            assert_eq!(expect_punct(it), ',');
+
+            seen_keys.push(key);
+        }
+
+        expect_end(it);
+
+        for key in REQUIRED_KEYS {
+            if !seen_keys.iter().any(|e| e == key) {
+                panic!("Missing required key \"{}\".", key);
+            }
+        }
+
+        let mut ordered_keys: Vec<&str> = Vec::new();
+        for key in EXPECTED_KEYS {
+            if seen_keys.iter().any(|e| e == key) {
+                ordered_keys.push(key);
+            }
+        }
+
+        if seen_keys != ordered_keys {
+            panic!(
+                "Keys are not ordered as expected. Order them like: {:?}.",
+                ordered_keys
+            );
+        }
+
+        info
+    }
+}
+
+pub(crate) fn module(ts: TokenStream) -> TokenStream {
+    let mut it = ts.into_iter();
+
+    let info = ModuleInfo::parse(&mut it);
+
+    let mut modinfo = ModInfoBuilder::new(info.name.as_ref());
+    if let Some(author) = info.author {
+        modinfo.emit("author", &author);
+    }
+    if let Some(description) = info.description {
+        modinfo.emit("description", &description);
+    }
+    modinfo.emit("license", &info.license);
+    if let Some(alias) = info.alias {
+        modinfo.emit("alias", &alias);
+    }
+
+    // Built-in modules also export the `file` modinfo string
+    let file =
+        std::env::var("RUST_MODFILE").expect("Unable to fetch RUST_MODFILE environmental variable");
+    modinfo.emit_only_builtin("file", &file);
+
+    let mut array_types_to_generate = Vec::new();
+    if let Some(params) = info.params {
+        assert_eq!(params.delimiter(), Delimiter::Brace);
+
+        let mut it = params.stream().into_iter();
+
+        loop {
+            let param_name = match it.next() {
+                Some(TokenTree::Ident(ident)) => ident.to_string(),
+                Some(_) => panic!("Expected Ident or end"),
+                None => break,
+            };
+
+            assert_eq!(expect_punct(&mut it), ':');
+            let param_type = expect_type(&mut it);
+            let group = expect_group(&mut it);
+            assert_eq!(expect_punct(&mut it), ',');
+
+            assert_eq!(group.delimiter(), Delimiter::Brace);
+
+            let mut param_it = group.stream().into_iter();
+            let param_default = get_default(&param_type, &mut param_it);
+            let param_permissions = get_literal(&mut param_it, "permissions");
+            let param_description = get_byte_string(&mut param_it, "description");
+            expect_end(&mut param_it);
+
+            // TODO: more primitive types
+            // TODO: other kinds: unsafes, etc.
+            let (param_kernel_type, ops): (String, _) = match param_type {
+                ParamType::Ident(ref param_type) => (
+                    param_type.to_string(),
+                    param_ops_path(param_type).to_string(),
+                ),
+                ParamType::Array {
+                    ref vals,
+                    max_length,
+                } => {
+                    array_types_to_generate.push((vals.clone(), max_length));
+                    (
+                        format!("__rust_array_param_{}_{}", vals, max_length),
+                        generated_array_ops_name(vals, max_length),
+                    )
+                }
+            };
+
+            modinfo.emit_param("parmtype", &param_name, &param_kernel_type);
+            modinfo.emit_param("parm", &param_name, &param_description);
+            let param_type_internal = match param_type {
+                ParamType::Ident(ref param_type) => match param_type.as_ref() {
+                    "str" => "kernel::module_param::StringParam".to_string(),
+                    other => other.to_string(),
+                },
+                ParamType::Array {
+                    ref vals,
+                    max_length,
+                } => format!(
+                    "kernel::module_param::ArrayParam<{vals}, {max_length}>",
+                    vals = vals,
+                    max_length = max_length
+                ),
+            };
+            let read_func = if permissions_are_readonly(&param_permissions) {
+                format!(
+                    "
+                        fn read(&self) -> &<{param_type_internal} as kernel::module_param::ModuleParam>::Value {{
+                            // SAFETY: Parameters do not need to be locked because they are read only or sysfs is not enabled.
+                            unsafe {{ <{param_type_internal} as kernel::module_param::ModuleParam>::value(&__{name}_{param_name}_value) }}
+                        }}
+                    ",
+                    name = info.name,
+                    param_name = param_name,
+                    param_type_internal = param_type_internal,
+                )
+            } else {
+                format!(
+                    "
+                        fn read<'lck>(&self, lock: &'lck kernel::KParamGuard) -> &'lck <{param_type_internal} as kernel::module_param::ModuleParam>::Value {{
+                            // SAFETY: Parameters are locked by `KParamGuard`.
+                            unsafe {{ <{param_type_internal} as kernel::module_param::ModuleParam>::value(&__{name}_{param_name}_value) }}
+                        }}
+                    ",
+                    name = info.name,
+                    param_name = param_name,
+                    param_type_internal = param_type_internal,
+                )
+            };
+            let kparam = format!(
+                "
+                    kernel::bindings::kernel_param__bindgen_ty_1 {{
+                        arg: unsafe {{ &__{name}_{param_name}_value }} as *const _ as *mut kernel::c_types::c_void,
+                    }},
+                ",
+                name = info.name,
+                param_name = param_name,
+            );
+            modinfo.buffer.push_str(
+                &format!(
+                    "
+                    static mut __{name}_{param_name}_value: {param_type_internal} = {param_default};
+
+                    struct __{name}_{param_name};
+
+                    impl __{name}_{param_name} {{ {read_func} }}
+
+                    const {param_name}: __{name}_{param_name} = __{name}_{param_name};
+
+                    // Note: the C macro that generates the static structs for the `__param` section
+                    // asks for them to be `aligned(sizeof(void *))`. However, that was put in place
+                    // in 2003 in commit 38d5b085d2 (\"[PATCH] Fix over-alignment problem on x86-64\")
+                    // to undo GCC over-alignment of static structs of >32 bytes. It seems that is
+                    // not the case anymore, so we simplify to a transparent representation here
+                    // in the expectation that it is not needed anymore.
+                    // TODO: revisit this to confirm the above comment and remove it if it happened
+                    #[repr(transparent)]
+                    struct __{name}_{param_name}_RacyKernelParam(kernel::bindings::kernel_param);
+
+                    unsafe impl Sync for __{name}_{param_name}_RacyKernelParam {{
+                    }}
+
+                    #[cfg(not(MODULE))]
+                    const __{name}_{param_name}_name: *const kernel::c_types::c_char = b\"{name}.{param_name}\\0\" as *const _ as *const kernel::c_types::c_char;
+
+                    #[cfg(MODULE)]
+                    const __{name}_{param_name}_name: *const kernel::c_types::c_char = b\"{param_name}\\0\" as *const _ as *const kernel::c_types::c_char;
+
+                    #[link_section = \"__param\"]
+                    #[used]
+                    static __{name}_{param_name}_struct: __{name}_{param_name}_RacyKernelParam = __{name}_{param_name}_RacyKernelParam(kernel::bindings::kernel_param {{
+                        name: __{name}_{param_name}_name,
+                        // SAFETY: `__this_module` is constructed by the kernel at load time and will not be freed until the module is unloaded.
+                        #[cfg(MODULE)]
+                        mod_: unsafe {{ &kernel::bindings::__this_module as *const _ as *mut _ }},
+                        #[cfg(not(MODULE))]
+                        mod_: core::ptr::null_mut(),
+                        ops: unsafe {{ &{ops} }} as *const kernel::bindings::kernel_param_ops,
+                        perm: {permissions},
+                        level: -1,
+                        flags: 0,
+                        __bindgen_anon_1: {kparam}
+                    }});
+                    ",
+                    name = info.name,
+                    param_type_internal = param_type_internal,
+                    read_func = read_func,
+                    param_default = param_default,
+                    param_name = param_name,
+                    ops = ops,
+                    permissions = param_permissions,
+                    kparam = kparam,
+                )
+            );
+        }
+    }
+
+    let mut generated_array_types = String::new();
+
+    for (vals, max_length) in array_types_to_generate {
+        let ops_name = generated_array_ops_name(&vals, max_length);
+        generated_array_types.push_str(&format!(
+            "
+                kernel::make_param_ops!(
+                    {ops_name},
+                    kernel::module_param::ArrayParam<{vals}, {{ {max_length} }}>
+                );
+            ",
+            ops_name = ops_name,
+            vals = vals,
+            max_length = max_length,
+        ));
+    }
+
+    format!(
+        "
+            /// The module name.
+            ///
+            /// Used by the printing macros, e.g. [`info!`].
+            const __LOG_PREFIX: &[u8] = b\"{name}\\0\";
+
+            static mut __MOD: Option<{type_}> = None;
+
+            // SAFETY: `__this_module` is constructed by the kernel at load time and will not be freed until the module is unloaded.
+            #[cfg(MODULE)]
+            static THIS_MODULE: kernel::ThisModule = unsafe {{ kernel::ThisModule::from_ptr(&kernel::bindings::__this_module as *const _ as *mut _) }};
+            #[cfg(not(MODULE))]
+            static THIS_MODULE: kernel::ThisModule = unsafe {{ kernel::ThisModule::from_ptr(core::ptr::null_mut()) }};
+
+            // Loadable modules need to export the `{{init,cleanup}}_module` identifiers
+            #[cfg(MODULE)]
+            #[doc(hidden)]
+            #[no_mangle]
+            pub extern \"C\" fn init_module() -> kernel::c_types::c_int {{
+                __init()
+            }}
+
+            #[cfg(MODULE)]
+            #[doc(hidden)]
+            #[no_mangle]
+            pub extern \"C\" fn cleanup_module() {{
+                __exit()
+            }}
+
+            // Built-in modules are initialized through an initcall pointer
+            // and the identifiers need to be unique
+            #[cfg(not(MODULE))]
+            #[cfg(not(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS))]
+            #[doc(hidden)]
+            #[link_section = \"{initcall_section}\"]
+            #[used]
+            pub static __{name}_initcall: extern \"C\" fn() -> kernel::c_types::c_int = __{name}_init;
+
+            #[cfg(not(MODULE))]
+            #[cfg(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS)]
+            global_asm!(
+                r#\".section \"{initcall_section}\", \"a\"
+                __{name}_initcall:
+                    .long   __{name}_init - .
+                    .previous
+                \"#
+            );
+
+            #[cfg(not(MODULE))]
+            #[doc(hidden)]
+            #[no_mangle]
+            pub extern \"C\" fn __{name}_init() -> kernel::c_types::c_int {{
+                __init()
+            }}
+
+            #[cfg(not(MODULE))]
+            #[doc(hidden)]
+            #[no_mangle]
+            pub extern \"C\" fn __{name}_exit() {{
+                __exit()
+            }}
+
+            fn __init() -> kernel::c_types::c_int {{
+                match <{type_} as kernel::KernelModule>::init(kernel::c_str!(\"{name}\"), &THIS_MODULE) {{
+                    Ok(m) => {{
+                        unsafe {{
+                            __MOD = Some(m);
+                        }}
+                        return 0;
+                    }}
+                    Err(e) => {{
+                        return e.to_kernel_errno();
+                    }}
+                }}
+            }}
+
+            fn __exit() {{
+                unsafe {{
+                    // Invokes `drop()` on `__MOD`, which should be used for cleanup.
+                    __MOD = None;
+                }}
+            }}
+
+            {modinfo}
+
+            {generated_array_types}
+        ",
+        type_ = info.type_,
+        name = info.name,
+        modinfo = modinfo.buffer,
+        generated_array_types = generated_array_types,
+        initcall_section = ".initcall6.init"
+    ).parse().expect("Error parsing formatted string into token stream.")
+}
+
+#[cfg(test)]
+mod tests {
+    use super::*;
+
+    #[test]
+    fn test_permissions_are_readonly() {
+        assert!(permissions_are_readonly("0b000000000"));
+        assert!(permissions_are_readonly("0o000"));
+        assert!(permissions_are_readonly("000"));
+        assert!(permissions_are_readonly("0x000"));
+
+        assert!(!permissions_are_readonly("0b111111111"));
+        assert!(!permissions_are_readonly("0o777"));
+        assert!(!permissions_are_readonly("511"));
+        assert!(!permissions_are_readonly("0x1ff"));
+
+        assert!(permissions_are_readonly("0o014"));
+        assert!(permissions_are_readonly("0o015"));
+
+        assert!(!permissions_are_readonly("0o214"));
+        assert!(!permissions_are_readonly("0o024"));
+        assert!(!permissions_are_readonly("0o012"));
+
+        assert!(!permissions_are_readonly("0o315"));
+        assert!(!permissions_are_readonly("0o065"));
+        assert!(!permissions_are_readonly("0o017"));
+    }
+}
-- 
2.34.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 10/19] rust: export generated symbols
  2022-01-17  5:33 [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 08/19] rust: add `macros` crate Miguel Ojeda
@ 2022-01-17  5:33 ` Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 11/19] vsprintf: add new `%pA` format specifier Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (7 subsequent siblings)
  15 siblings, 0 replies; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-17  5:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel,
	Miguel Ojeda, Alex Gaynor, Wedson Almeida Filho

All symbols are reexported reusing the `EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL` macro
from C. The lists of symbols are generated on the fly.

There are three main sets of symbols to distinguish:

  - The ones from the `core` and `alloc` crates (from the Rust
    standard library). The code is licensed as Apache/MIT.

  - The ones from our abstractions in the `kernel` crate.

  - The helpers (already exported since they are not generated).

We export everything as GPL. This ensures we do not mistakenly
expose GPL kernel symbols/features as non-GPL, even indirectly.

Co-developed-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
 rust/exports.c | 16 ++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 16 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 rust/exports.c

diff --git a/rust/exports.c b/rust/exports.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d7dff1b3b919
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rust/exports.c
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+//
+// A hack to export Rust symbols for loadable modules without having to redo
+// the entire `include/linux/export.h` logic in Rust.
+//
+// This requires the Rust's new/future `v0` mangling scheme because the default
+// one ("legacy") uses invalid characters for C identifiers (thus we cannot use
+// the `EXPORT_SYMBOL_*` macros).
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+
+#define EXPORT_SYMBOL_RUST_GPL(sym) extern int sym; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sym);
+
+#include "exports_core_generated.h"
+#include "exports_alloc_generated.h"
+#include "exports_kernel_generated.h"
-- 
2.34.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 11/19] vsprintf: add new `%pA` format specifier
  2022-01-17  5:33 [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (7 preceding siblings ...)
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 10/19] rust: export generated symbols Miguel Ojeda
@ 2022-01-17  5:33 ` Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 12/19] scripts: add `generate_rust_analyzer.py` Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  15 siblings, 0 replies; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-17  5:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel,
	Miguel Ojeda, Gary Guo, Alex Gaynor, Wedson Almeida Filho

From: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>

This patch adds a format specifier `%pA` to `vsprintf` which formats
a pointer as `core::fmt::Arguments`. Doing so allows us to directly
format to the internal buffer of `printf`, so we do not have to use
a temporary buffer on the stack to pre-assemble the message on
the Rust side.

This specifier is intended only to be used from Rust and not for C, so
`checkpatch.pl` is intentionally unchanged to catch any misuse.

Co-developed-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Co-developed-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
 lib/rust.h     | 14 ++++++++++++++
 lib/vsprintf.c |  7 +++++++
 2 files changed, 21 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 lib/rust.h

diff --git a/lib/rust.h b/lib/rust.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..9cf0b102b496
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/rust.h
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef _LIB_RUST_H
+#define _LIB_RUST_H
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_RUST
+char *rust_fmt_argument(char* buf, char* end, void *ptr);
+#else
+static inline char *rust_fmt_argument(char* buf, char* end, void *ptr)
+{
+	return NULL;
+}
+#endif
+
+#endif /* _LIB_RUST_H */
diff --git a/lib/vsprintf.c b/lib/vsprintf.c
index 58d5e567f836..84a1c9496e6e 100644
--- a/lib/vsprintf.c
+++ b/lib/vsprintf.c
@@ -52,6 +52,7 @@
 
 #include <linux/string_helpers.h>
 #include "kstrtox.h"
+#include "rust.h"
 
 static noinline unsigned long long simple_strntoull(const char *startp, size_t max_chars, char **endp, unsigned int base)
 {
@@ -2388,6 +2389,10 @@ early_param("no_hash_pointers", no_hash_pointers_enable);
  *
  * Note: The default behaviour (unadorned %p) is to hash the address,
  * rendering it useful as a unique identifier.
+ *
+ * There is also a '%pA' format specifier, but it is only intended to be used
+ * from Rust code to format core::fmt::Arguments. Do *not* use it from C.
+ * See rust/kernel/print.rs for details.
  */
 static noinline_for_stack
 char *pointer(const char *fmt, char *buf, char *end, void *ptr,
@@ -2460,6 +2465,8 @@ char *pointer(const char *fmt, char *buf, char *end, void *ptr,
 		return device_node_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt + 1);
 	case 'f':
 		return fwnode_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt + 1);
+	case 'A':
+		return rust_fmt_argument(buf, end, ptr);
 	case 'x':
 		return pointer_string(buf, end, ptr, spec);
 	case 'e':
-- 
2.34.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 12/19] scripts: add `generate_rust_analyzer.py`
  2022-01-17  5:33 [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (8 preceding siblings ...)
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 11/19] vsprintf: add new `%pA` format specifier Miguel Ojeda
@ 2022-01-17  5:33 ` Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 13/19] scripts: decode_stacktrace: demangle Rust symbols Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  15 siblings, 0 replies; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-17  5:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel,
	Miguel Ojeda, Alex Gaynor, Finn Behrens, Wedson Almeida Filho,
	Gary Guo, Boris-Chengbiao Zhou

The `generate_rust_analyzer.py` script generates the configuration
file (`rust-project.json`) for rust-analyzer.

rust-analyzer is a modular compiler frontend for the Rust language.
It provides an LSP server which can be used in editors such as
VS Code, Emacs or Vim.

Co-developed-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Finn Behrens <me@kloenk.de>
Signed-off-by: Finn Behrens <me@kloenk.de>
Co-developed-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Co-developed-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Signed-off-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Co-developed-by: Boris-Chengbiao Zhou <bobo1239@web.de>
Signed-off-by: Boris-Chengbiao Zhou <bobo1239@web.de>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
 scripts/generate_rust_analyzer.py | 133 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 133 insertions(+)
 create mode 100755 scripts/generate_rust_analyzer.py

diff --git a/scripts/generate_rust_analyzer.py b/scripts/generate_rust_analyzer.py
new file mode 100755
index 000000000000..024f8b884c1b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/generate_rust_analyzer.py
@@ -0,0 +1,133 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env python3
+"""generate_rust_analyzer - Generates the `rust-project.json` file for `rust-analyzer`.
+"""
+
+import argparse
+import json
+import logging
+import pathlib
+import sys
+
+def generate_crates(srctree, objtree, sysroot_src):
+    # Generate the configuration list.
+    cfg = []
+    with open(objtree / "include" / "generated" / "rustc_cfg") as fd:
+        for line in fd:
+            line = line.replace("--cfg=", "")
+            line = line.replace("\n", "")
+            cfg.append(line)
+
+    # Now fill the crates list -- dependencies need to come first.
+    #
+    # Avoid O(n^2) iterations by keeping a map of indexes.
+    crates = []
+    crates_indexes = {}
+
+    def append_crate(display_name, root_module, deps, cfg=[], is_workspace_member=True, is_proc_macro=False):
+        crates_indexes[display_name] = len(crates)
+        crates.append({
+            "display_name": display_name,
+            "root_module": str(root_module),
+            "is_workspace_member": is_workspace_member,
+            "is_proc_macro": is_proc_macro,
+            "deps": [{"crate": crates_indexes[dep], "name": dep} for dep in deps],
+            "cfg": cfg,
+            "edition": "2021",
+            "env": {
+                "RUST_MODFILE": "This is only for rust-analyzer"
+            }
+        })
+
+    # First, the ones in `rust/` since they are a bit special.
+    append_crate(
+        "core",
+        sysroot_src / "core" / "src" / "lib.rs",
+        [],
+        is_workspace_member=False,
+    )
+
+    append_crate(
+        "compiler_builtins",
+        srctree / "rust" / "compiler_builtins.rs",
+        [],
+    )
+
+    append_crate(
+        "alloc",
+        srctree / "rust" / "alloc" / "lib.rs",
+        ["core", "compiler_builtins"],
+    )
+
+    append_crate(
+        "macros",
+        srctree / "rust" / "macros" / "lib.rs",
+        [],
+        is_proc_macro=True,
+    )
+    crates[-1]["proc_macro_dylib_path"] = "rust/libmacros.so"
+
+    append_crate(
+        "build_error",
+        srctree / "rust" / "build_error.rs",
+        ["core", "compiler_builtins"],
+    )
+
+    append_crate(
+        "kernel",
+        srctree / "rust" / "kernel" / "lib.rs",
+        ["core", "alloc", "macros", "build_error"],
+        cfg=cfg,
+    )
+    crates[-1]["env"]["OBJTREE"] = str(objtree.resolve(True))
+    crates[-1]["source"] = {
+        "include_dirs": [
+            str(srctree / "rust" / "kernel"),
+            str(objtree / "rust")
+        ],
+        "exclude_dirs": [],
+    }
+
+    # Then, the rest outside of `rust/`.
+    #
+    # We explicitly mention the top-level folders we want to cover.
+    for folder in ("samples", "drivers"):
+        for path in (srctree / folder).rglob("*.rs"):
+            logging.info("Checking %s", path)
+            name = path.name.replace(".rs", "")
+
+            # Skip those that are not crate roots.
+            if f"{name}.o" not in open(path.parent / "Makefile").read():
+                continue
+
+            logging.info("Adding %s", name)
+            append_crate(
+                name,
+                path,
+                ["core", "alloc", "kernel"],
+                cfg=cfg,
+            )
+
+    return crates
+
+def main():
+    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
+    parser.add_argument('--verbose', '-v', action='store_true')
+    parser.add_argument("srctree", type=pathlib.Path)
+    parser.add_argument("objtree", type=pathlib.Path)
+    parser.add_argument("sysroot_src", type=pathlib.Path)
+    args = parser.parse_args()
+
+    logging.basicConfig(
+        format="[%(asctime)s] [%(levelname)s] %(message)s",
+        level=logging.INFO if args.verbose else logging.WARNING
+    )
+
+    rust_project = {
+        "crates": generate_crates(args.srctree, args.objtree, args.sysroot_src),
+        "sysroot_src": str(args.sysroot_src),
+    }
+
+    json.dump(rust_project, sys.stdout, sort_keys=True, indent=4)
+
+if __name__ == "__main__":
+    main()
-- 
2.34.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 13/19] scripts: decode_stacktrace: demangle Rust symbols
  2022-01-17  5:33 [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (9 preceding siblings ...)
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 12/19] scripts: add `generate_rust_analyzer.py` Miguel Ojeda
@ 2022-01-17  5:33 ` Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 14/19] docs: add Rust documentation Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  15 siblings, 0 replies; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-17  5:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel,
	Miguel Ojeda, Alex Gaynor, Wedson Almeida Filho

Recent versions of both Binutils (`c++filt`) and LLVM (`llvm-cxxfilt`)
provide Rust v0 mangling support.

Co-developed-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
I would like to use this patch for discussing the demangling topic.

The following discusses the different approaches we could take.


# Leave demangling to userspace

This is the easiest and less invasive approach, the one implemented
by this patch.

The `decode_stacktrace.sh` script is already needed to map
the offsets to the source code. Therefore, we could also take
the chance to demangle the symbols here.

With this approach, we do not need to introduce any change in the
`vsprintf` machinery and we minimize the risk of breaking user tools.

Note that, if we take this approach, it is likely we want to ask
for a minimum version of either of the tools (since there may be
users of the script that do not have recent enough toolchains).


# Demangling in kernelspace on-the-fly

That is, at backtrace print time, we demangle the Rust symbols.

The size of the code that would be needed is fairly small; around
5 KiB using the "official" library (written in Rust), e.g.:

    text    data    bss     dec      hex    filename
    7799976 1689820 2129920 11619716 b14d84 vmlinux
    7801111 1693916 2129920 11624947 b161f3 vmlinux + demangling

We can remove a few bits from the official library, e.g. punycode
support that we do not need (all our identifiers will be ASCII),
but it does not make a substantial difference.

The official library performs the demangling without requiring
allocations. However, of course, it will increased our stack usage
and complexity, specially considering a stack dump may be requested
in not ideal conditions.

Furthermore, this approach (and the ones below) likely require adding
a new `%p` specifier (or a new modifier to existing ones) if we do
not want to affect non-backtrace uses of the `B`/`S` ones. Also,
it is unclear whether we should write the demangled versions in an
extra, different line or replace the real symbol -- we could be
breaking user tools relying on parsing backtraces (e.g. our own
`decode_stacktrace.sh`). For instance, they could be relying on
having real symbols there, or may break due to e.g. spaces.


# Demangling at compile-time

This implies having kallsyms demangle all the Rust symbols.

The size of this data is around the same order of magnitude of the
non-demangled ones. However, this is notably more than the demangling
code (see previous point), e.g. 120 KiB (uncompressed) in a
small kernel.

This approach also brings the same concerns regarding modifying
the backtrace printing (see previous point).


# Demangling at compile-time and substituting symbols by hashes

One variation of the previous alternative is avoiding the mangled
names inside the kernel, by hashing them. This would avoid having
to support "big symbols" and would also reduce the size of the
kallsyms tables, while still allowing to link modules.

However, if we do not have the real symbols around, then we do not
have the possibility of providing both the mangled and demangled
versions in the backtrace, which brings us back to the issues
related to breaking userspace tools. There are also other places
other than backtraces using "real" symbols that users may be
relying on, such as `/proc/*/stack`.


 scripts/decode_stacktrace.sh | 14 ++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 14 insertions(+)

diff --git a/scripts/decode_stacktrace.sh b/scripts/decode_stacktrace.sh
index 5fbad61fe490..f3c7b506d440 100755
--- a/scripts/decode_stacktrace.sh
+++ b/scripts/decode_stacktrace.sh
@@ -8,6 +8,14 @@ usage() {
 	echo "	$0 -r <release> | <vmlinux> [<base path>|auto] [<modules path>]"
 }
 
+# Try to find a Rust demangler
+if type llvm-cxxfilt >/dev/null 2>&1 ; then
+	cppfilt=llvm-cxxfilt
+elif type c++filt >/dev/null 2>&1 ; then
+	cppfilt=c++filt
+	cppfilt_opts=-i
+fi
+
 if [[ $1 == "-r" ]] ; then
 	vmlinux=""
 	basepath="auto"
@@ -169,6 +177,12 @@ parse_symbol() {
 	# In the case of inlines, move everything to same line
 	code=${code//$'\n'/' '}
 
+	# Demangle if the name looks like a Rust symbol and if
+	# we got a Rust demangler
+	if [[ $name =~ ^_R && $cppfilt != "" ]] ; then
+		name=$("$cppfilt" "$cppfilt_opts" "$name")
+	fi
+
 	# Replace old address with pretty line numbers
 	symbol="$segment$name ($code)"
 }
-- 
2.34.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 14/19] docs: add Rust documentation
  2022-01-17  5:33 [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (10 preceding siblings ...)
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 13/19] scripts: decode_stacktrace: demangle Rust symbols Miguel Ojeda
@ 2022-01-17  5:33 ` Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-18 22:33   ` Jonathan Corbet
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 15/19] Kbuild: add Rust support Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  15 siblings, 1 reply; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-17  5:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel,
	Miguel Ojeda, Alex Gaynor, Finn Behrens, Adam Bratschi-Kaye,
	Wedson Almeida Filho, Michael Ellerman, Sven Van Asbroeck,
	Wu XiangCheng, Gary Guo, Boris-Chengbiao Zhou, Yuki Okushi,
	Wei Liu, Daniel Xu

Most of the documentation for Rust is written within the source code
itself, as it is idiomatic for Rust projects. This applies to both
the shared infrastructure at `rust/` as well as any other Rust module
(e.g. drivers) written across the kernel.

However, these documents contain general information that does not
fit particularly well in the source code, like the Quick Start guide.

It also contains a few binary assets used for the `rustdoc` target
and a few other small changes elsewhere in the documentation folder.

Co-developed-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Finn Behrens <me@kloenk.de>
Signed-off-by: Finn Behrens <me@kloenk.de>
Co-developed-by: Adam Bratschi-Kaye <ark.email@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Adam Bratschi-Kaye <ark.email@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Co-developed-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Co-developed-by: Sven Van Asbroeck <thesven73@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Sven Van Asbroeck <thesven73@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Wu XiangCheng <bobwxc@email.cn>
Signed-off-by: Wu XiangCheng <bobwxc@email.cn>
Co-developed-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Signed-off-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Co-developed-by: Boris-Chengbiao Zhou <bobo1239@web.de>
Signed-off-by: Boris-Chengbiao Zhou <bobo1239@web.de>
Co-developed-by: Yuki Okushi <jtitor@2k36.org>
Signed-off-by: Yuki Okushi <jtitor@2k36.org>
Co-developed-by: Wei Liu <wei.liu@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Wei Liu <wei.liu@kernel.org>
Co-developed-by: Daniel Xu <dxu@dxuuu.xyz>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Xu <dxu@dxuuu.xyz>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
 Documentation/doc-guide/kernel-doc.rst      |   3 +
 Documentation/index.rst                     |   1 +
 Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst             |   4 +
 Documentation/process/changes.rst           |  42 ++++
 Documentation/rust/arch-support.rst         |  35 +++
 Documentation/rust/assets/favicon-16x16.png | Bin 0 -> 798 bytes
 Documentation/rust/assets/favicon-32x32.png | Bin 0 -> 2076 bytes
 Documentation/rust/assets/rust-logo.png     | Bin 0 -> 53976 bytes
 Documentation/rust/coding-guidelines.rst    | 151 +++++++++++++
 Documentation/rust/general-information.rst  |  80 +++++++
 Documentation/rust/index.rst                |  21 ++
 Documentation/rust/quick-start.rst          | 231 ++++++++++++++++++++
 12 files changed, 568 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/arch-support.rst
 create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/assets/favicon-16x16.png
 create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/assets/favicon-32x32.png
 create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/assets/rust-logo.png
 create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/coding-guidelines.rst
 create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/general-information.rst
 create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/index.rst
 create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/quick-start.rst

diff --git a/Documentation/doc-guide/kernel-doc.rst b/Documentation/doc-guide/kernel-doc.rst
index 79aaa55d6bcf..724e2ffddff1 100644
--- a/Documentation/doc-guide/kernel-doc.rst
+++ b/Documentation/doc-guide/kernel-doc.rst
@@ -11,6 +11,9 @@ when it is embedded in source files.
    reasons. The kernel source contains tens of thousands of kernel-doc
    comments. Please stick to the style described here.
 
+.. note:: kernel-doc does not cover Rust code: please see
+   Documentation/rust/docs.rst instead.
+
 The kernel-doc structure is extracted from the comments, and proper
 `Sphinx C Domain`_ function and type descriptions with anchors are
 generated from them. The descriptions are filtered for special kernel-doc
diff --git a/Documentation/index.rst b/Documentation/index.rst
index 54ce34fd6fbd..1b13c2445e87 100644
--- a/Documentation/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/index.rst
@@ -82,6 +82,7 @@ merged much easier.
    maintainer/index
    fault-injection/index
    livepatch/index
+   rust/index
 
 
 Kernel API documentation
diff --git a/Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst b/Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst
index 2d1fc03d346e..468a0d216c29 100644
--- a/Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst
+++ b/Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst
@@ -57,6 +57,10 @@ CFLAGS_MODULE
 -------------
 Additional module specific options to use for $(CC).
 
+KRUSTFLAGS
+----------
+Additional options to the Rust compiler (for built-in and modules).
+
 LDFLAGS_MODULE
 --------------
 Additional options used for $(LD) when linking modules.
diff --git a/Documentation/process/changes.rst b/Documentation/process/changes.rst
index cf908d79666e..0f5d64d3993f 100644
--- a/Documentation/process/changes.rst
+++ b/Documentation/process/changes.rst
@@ -31,6 +31,8 @@ you probably needn't concern yourself with pcmciautils.
 ====================== ===============  ========================================
 GNU C                  5.1              gcc --version
 Clang/LLVM (optional)  10.0.1           clang --version
+Rust (optional)        1.58.0           rustc --version
+bindgen (optional)     0.56.0           bindgen --version
 GNU make               3.81             make --version
 binutils               2.23             ld -v
 flex                   2.5.35           flex --version
@@ -78,6 +80,29 @@ kernels. Older releases aren't guaranteed to work, and we may drop workarounds
 from the kernel that were used to support older versions. Please see additional
 docs on :ref:`Building Linux with Clang/LLVM <kbuild_llvm>`.
 
+Rust (optional)
+---------------
+
+A particular version of the Rust toolchain is required. Newer versions may or
+may not work because the kernel depends on some unstable Rust features, for
+the moment.
+
+Each Rust toolchain comes with several "components", some of which are required
+(like ``rustc``) and some that are optional. The ``rust-src`` component (which
+is optional) needs to be installed to build the kernel. Other components are
+useful for developing.
+
+Please see :ref:`Documentation/rust/quick-start.rst <rust_quick_start>` for
+instructions on how to satify the build requirements of Rust support. In
+particular, the Makefile target 'rustavailable' is useful to check why the Rust
+toolchain may not be detected.
+
+bindgen (optional)
+------------------
+
+``bindgen`` is used to generate the Rust bindings to the C side of the kernel.
+It depends on ``libclang``.
+
 Make
 ----
 
@@ -340,6 +365,13 @@ Sphinx
 Please see :ref:`sphinx_install` in :ref:`Documentation/doc-guide/sphinx.rst <sphinxdoc>`
 for details about Sphinx requirements.
 
+rustdoc
+-------
+
+``rustdoc`` is used to generate the documentation for Rust code. Please see
+:ref:`Documentation/rust/general-information.rst <rust_general_information>`
+for more information.
+
 Getting updated software
 ========================
 
@@ -356,6 +388,16 @@ Clang/LLVM
 
 - :ref:`Getting LLVM <getting_llvm>`.
 
+Rust
+----
+
+- :ref:`Documentation/rust/quick-start.rst <rust_quick_start>`.
+
+bindgen
+-------
+
+- :ref:`Documentation/rust/quick-start.rst <rust_quick_start>`.
+
 Make
 ----
 
diff --git a/Documentation/rust/arch-support.rst b/Documentation/rust/arch-support.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..fdcce6452623
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/rust/arch-support.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,35 @@
+.. _rust_arch_support:
+
+Arch Support
+============
+
+Currently, the Rust compiler (``rustc``) uses LLVM for code generation,
+which limits the supported architectures that can be targeted. In addition,
+support for building the kernel with LLVM/Clang varies (see :ref:`kbuild_llvm`).
+This support is needed for ``bindgen`` which uses ``libclang``.
+
+Below is a general summary of architectures that currently work. Level of
+support corresponds to ``S`` values in the ``MAINTAINERS`` file.
+
+.. list-table::
+   :widths: 10 10 10
+   :header-rows: 1
+
+   * - Architecture
+     - Level of support
+     - Constraints
+   * - ``arm``
+     - Maintained
+     - ``armv6`` and compatible only, ``RUST_OPT_LEVEL >= 2``
+   * - ``arm64``
+     - Maintained
+     - None
+   * - ``powerpc``
+     - Maintained
+     - ``ppc64le`` only, ``RUST_OPT_LEVEL < 2`` requires ``CONFIG_THREAD_SHIFT=15``
+   * - ``riscv``
+     - Maintained
+     - ``riscv64`` only
+   * - ``x86``
+     - Maintained
+     - ``x86_64`` only
diff --git a/Documentation/rust/assets/favicon-16x16.png b/Documentation/rust/assets/favicon-16x16.png
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000..d93115e8f47a939635b73ad3b3226837f83f7584
GIT binary patch
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diff --git a/Documentation/rust/coding-guidelines.rst b/Documentation/rust/coding-guidelines.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c8f3714935d5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/rust/coding-guidelines.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,151 @@
+.. _rust_coding_guidelines:
+
+Coding Guidelines
+=================
+
+This document describes how to write Rust code in the kernel.
+
+
+Style & formatting
+------------------
+
+The code should be formatted using ``rustfmt``. In this way, a person
+contributing from time to time to the kernel does not need to learn and
+remember one more style guide. More importantly, reviewers and maintainers
+do not need to spend time pointing out style issues anymore, and thus
+less patch roundtrips may be needed to land a change.
+
+.. note:: Conventions on comments and documentation are not checked by
+  ``rustfmt``. Thus those are still needed to be taken care of.
+
+The default settings of ``rustfmt`` are used. This means the idiomatic Rust
+style is followed. For instance, 4 spaces are used for indentation rather
+than tabs.
+
+It is convenient to instruct editors/IDEs to format while typing,
+when saving or at commit time. However, if for some reason reformatting
+the entire kernel Rust sources is needed at some point, the following can be
+run::
+
+	make LLVM=1 rustfmt
+
+It is also possible to check if everything is formatted (printing a diff
+otherwise), for instance for a CI, with::
+
+	make LLVM=1 rustfmtcheck
+
+Like ``clang-format`` for the rest of the kernel, ``rustfmt`` works on
+individual files, and does not require a kernel configuration. Sometimes it may
+even work with broken code.
+
+
+Code documentation
+------------------
+
+Rust kernel code is not documented like C kernel code (i.e. via kernel-doc).
+Instead, the usual system for documenting Rust code is used: the ``rustdoc``
+tool, which uses Markdown (a lightweight markup language).
+
+To learn Markdown, there are many guides available out there. For instance,
+the one at:
+
+	https://commonmark.org/help/
+
+This is how a well-documented Rust function may look like::
+
+	/// Returns the contained [`Some`] value, consuming the `self` value,
+	/// without checking that the value is not [`None`].
+	///
+	/// # Safety
+	///
+	/// Calling this method on [`None`] is *[undefined behavior]*.
+	///
+	/// [undefined behavior]: https://doc.rust-lang.org/reference/behavior-considered-undefined.html
+	///
+	/// # Examples
+	///
+	/// ```
+	/// let x = Some("air");
+	/// assert_eq!(unsafe { x.unwrap_unchecked() }, "air");
+	/// ```
+	pub unsafe fn unwrap_unchecked(self) -> T {
+		match self {
+			Some(val) => val,
+
+			// SAFETY: the safety contract must be upheld by the caller.
+			None => unsafe { hint::unreachable_unchecked() },
+		}
+	}
+
+This example showcases a few ``rustdoc`` features and some conventions followed
+in the kernel:
+
+  - The first paragraph must be a single sentence briefly describing what
+    the documented item does. Further explanations must go in extra paragraphs.
+
+  - Unsafe functions must document their safety preconditions under
+    a ``# Safety`` section.
+
+  - While not shown here, if a function may panic, the conditions under which
+    that happens must be described under a ``# Panics`` section.
+
+    Please note that panicking should be very rare and used only with a good
+    reason. In almost all cases, a fallible approach should be used, typically
+    returning a ``Result``.
+
+  - If providing examples of usage would help readers, they must be written in
+    a section called ``# Examples``.
+
+  - Rust items (functions, types, constants...) must be linked appropriately
+    (``rustdoc`` will create a link automatically).
+
+  - Any ``unsafe`` block must be preceded by a ``// SAFETY:`` comment
+    describing why the code inside is sound.
+
+    While sometimes the reason might look trivial and therefore unneeded, writing
+    these comments is not just a good way of documenting what has been taken into
+    account, but most importantly, it provides a way to know that there are
+    no *extra* implicit constraints.
+
+To learn more about how to write documentation for Rust and extra features,
+please take a look at the ``rustdoc`` `book`_.
+
+.. _book: https://doc.rust-lang.org/rustdoc/how-to-write-documentation.html
+
+
+Naming
+------
+
+Rust kernel code follows the usual Rust naming conventions:
+
+	https://rust-lang.github.io/api-guidelines/naming.html
+
+When existing C concepts (e.g. macros, functions, objects...) are wrapped into
+a Rust abstraction, a name as close as reasonably possible to the C side should
+be used in order to avoid confusion and to improve readability when switching
+back and forth between the C and Rust sides. For instance, macros such as
+``pr_info`` from C are named the same in the Rust side.
+
+Having said that, casing should be adjusted to follow the Rust naming
+conventions, and namespacing introduced by modules and types should not be
+repeated in the item names. For instance, when wrapping constants like:
+
+.. code-block:: c
+
+	#define GPIO_LINE_DIRECTION_IN	0
+	#define GPIO_LINE_DIRECTION_OUT	1
+
+The equivalent in Rust may look like (ignoring documentation):
+
+.. code-block:: rust
+
+	pub mod gpio {
+	    pub enum LineDirection {
+	        In = bindings::GPIO_LINE_DIRECTION_IN as _,
+	        Out = bindings::GPIO_LINE_DIRECTION_OUT as _,
+	    }
+	}
+
+That is, the equivalent of ``GPIO_LINE_DIRECTION_IN`` would be referred to as
+``gpio::LineDirection::In``. In particular, it should not be named
+``gpio::gpio_line_direction::GPIO_LINE_DIRECTION_IN``.
diff --git a/Documentation/rust/general-information.rst b/Documentation/rust/general-information.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..9ee4c6994d08
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/rust/general-information.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,80 @@
+.. _rust_general_information:
+
+General Information
+===================
+
+This document contains useful information to know when working with
+the Rust support in the kernel.
+
+
+Code documentation
+------------------
+
+Rust kernel code is documented using ``rustdoc``, its built-in documentation
+generator.
+
+The generated HTML docs include integrated search, linked items (e.g. types,
+functions, constants), source code, etc. They may be read at (TODO: link when
+in mainline and generated alongside the rest of the documentation):
+
+	http://kernel.org/
+
+The docs can also be easily generated and read locally. This is quite fast
+(same order as compiling the code itself) and no special tools or environment
+are needed. This has the added advantage that they will be tailored to
+the particular kernel configuration used. To generate them, use the ``rustdoc``
+target with the same invocation used for compilation, e.g.::
+
+	make LLVM=1 rustdoc
+
+To read the docs locally in your web browser, run e.g.::
+
+	xdg-open rust/doc/kernel/index.html
+
+To learn about how to write the documentation, please see the coding guidelines
+at :ref:`Documentation/rust/coding-guidelines.rst <rust_coding_guidelines>`.
+
+
+Extra lints
+-----------
+
+While ``rustc`` is a very helpful compiler, some extra lints and analyses are
+available via ``clippy``, a Rust linter. To enable it, pass ``CLIPPY=1`` to
+the same invocation used for compilation, e.g.::
+
+	make LLVM=1 CLIPPY=1
+
+Please note that Clippy may change code generation, thus it should not be
+enabled while building a production kernel.
+
+
+Abstractions vs. bindings
+-------------------------
+
+Abstractions are Rust code wrapping kernel functionality from the C side.
+
+In order to use functions and types from the C side, bindings are created.
+Bindings are the declarations for Rust of those functions and types from
+the C side.
+
+For instance, one may write a ``Mutex`` abstraction in Rust which wraps
+a ``struct mutex`` from the C side and calls its functions through the bindings.
+
+Abstractions are not available for all the kernel internal APIs and concepts,
+but it is intended that coverage is expanded as time goes on. "Leaf" modules
+(e.g. drivers) should not use the C bindings directly. Instead, subsystems
+should provide as-safe-as-possible abstractions as needed.
+
+
+Conditional compilation
+-----------------------
+
+Rust code has access to conditional compilation based on the kernel
+configuration:
+
+.. code-block:: rust
+
+	#[cfg(CONFIG_X)]       // Enabled               (`y` or `m`)
+	#[cfg(CONFIG_X="y")]   // Enabled as a built-in (`y`)
+	#[cfg(CONFIG_X="m")]   // Enabled as a module   (`m`)
+	#[cfg(not(CONFIG_X))]  // Disabled
diff --git a/Documentation/rust/index.rst b/Documentation/rust/index.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..6e20af5b723a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/rust/index.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
+Rust
+====
+
+Documentation related to Rust within the kernel. To start using Rust
+in the kernel, please read the
+:ref:`Documentation/rust/quick-start.rst <rust_quick_start>` guide.
+
+.. toctree::
+    :maxdepth: 1
+
+    quick-start
+    general-information
+    coding-guidelines
+    arch-support
+
+.. only::  subproject and html
+
+   Indices
+   =======
+
+   * :ref:`genindex`
diff --git a/Documentation/rust/quick-start.rst b/Documentation/rust/quick-start.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..260393c48379
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/rust/quick-start.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,231 @@
+.. _rust_quick_start:
+
+Quick Start
+===========
+
+This document describes how to get started with kernel development in Rust.
+
+
+Requirements: Building
+----------------------
+
+This section explains how to fetch the tools needed for building.
+
+Some of these requirements might be available from Linux distributions
+under names like ``rustc``, ``rust-src``, ``rust-bindgen``, etc. However,
+at the time of writing, they are likely not to be recent enough unless
+the distribution tracks the latest releases.
+
+To easily check whether the requirements are met, the following target
+can be used::
+
+	make LLVM=1 rustavailable
+
+This triggers the same logic used by Kconfig to determine whether
+``RUST_IS_AVAILABLE`` should be enabled; but it also explains why not
+if that is the case.
+
+
+rustc
+*****
+
+A particular version of the Rust compiler is required. Newer versions may or
+may not work because, for the moment, the kernel depends on some unstable
+Rust features.
+
+If ``rustup`` is being used, enter the checked out source code directory
+and run::
+
+	rustup override set $(scripts/min-tool-version.sh rustc)
+
+Otherwise, fetch a standalone installer or install ``rustup`` from:
+
+	https://www.rust-lang.org
+
+
+Rust standard library source
+****************************
+
+The Rust standard library source is required because the build system will
+cross-compile ``core`` and ``alloc``.
+
+If ``rustup`` is being used, run::
+
+	rustup component add rust-src
+
+The components are installed per toolchain, thus upgrading the Rust compiler
+version later on requires re-adding the component.
+
+Otherwise, if a standalone installer is used, the Rust repository may be cloned
+into the installation folder of the toolchain::
+
+	git clone --recurse-submodules \
+		--branch $(scripts/min-tool-version.sh rustc) \
+		https://github.com/rust-lang/rust \
+		$(rustc --print sysroot)/lib/rustlib/src/rust
+
+In this case, upgrading the Rust compiler version later on requires manually
+updating this clone.
+
+
+libclang
+********
+
+``libclang`` (part of LLVM) is used by ``bindgen`` to understand the C code
+in the kernel, which means LLVM needs to be installed; like when the kernel
+is compiled with ``CC=clang`` or ``LLVM=1``.
+
+Linux distributions are likely to have a suitable one available, so it is
+best to check that first.
+
+There are also some binaries for several systems and architectures uploaded at:
+
+	https://releases.llvm.org/download.html
+
+Otherwise, building LLVM takes quite a while, but it is not a complex process:
+
+	https://llvm.org/docs/GettingStarted.html#getting-the-source-code-and-building-llvm
+
+See :ref:`Documentation/kbuild/llvm.rst <kbuild_llvm>` for more information and
+further ways to fetch pre-built releases and distribution packages.
+
+
+bindgen
+*******
+
+The bindings to the C side of the kernel are generated at build time using
+the ``bindgen`` tool. A particular version is required.
+
+Install it via (note that this will download and build the tool from source)::
+
+	cargo install --locked --version $(scripts/min-tool-version.sh bindgen) bindgen
+
+
+Requirements: Developing
+------------------------
+
+This section explains how to fetch the tools needed for developing. That is,
+they are not needed when just building the kernel.
+
+
+rustfmt
+*******
+
+The ``rustfmt`` tool is used to automatically format all the Rust kernel code,
+including the generated C bindings (for details, please see
+:ref:`Documentation/rust/coding-guidelines.rst <rust_coding_guidelines>`).
+
+If ``rustup`` is being used, its ``default`` profile already installs the tool,
+thus nothing needs to be done. If another profile is being used, the component
+can be installed manually::
+
+	rustup component add rustfmt
+
+The standalone installers also come with ``rustfmt``.
+
+
+clippy
+******
+
+``clippy`` is a Rust linter. Running it provides extra warnings for Rust code.
+It can be run by passing ``CLIPPY=1`` to ``make`` (for details, please see
+:ref:`Documentation/rust/general-information.rst <rust_general_information>`).
+
+If ``rustup`` is being used, its ``default`` profile already installs the tool,
+thus nothing needs to be done. If another profile is being used, the component
+can be installed manually::
+
+	rustup component add clippy
+
+The standalone installers also come with ``clippy``.
+
+
+cargo
+*****
+
+``cargo`` is the Rust native build system. It is currently required to run
+the tests since it is used to build a custom standard library that contains
+the facilities provided by the custom ``alloc`` in the kernel. The tests can
+be run using the ``rusttest`` Make target.
+
+If ``rustup`` is being used, all the profiles already install the tool,
+thus nothing needs to be done.
+
+The standalone installers also come with ``cargo``.
+
+
+rustdoc
+*******
+
+``rustdoc`` is the documentation tool for Rust. It generates pretty HTML
+documentation for Rust code (for details, please see
+:ref:`Documentation/rust/general-information.rst <rust_general_information>`).
+
+``rustdoc`` is also used to test the examples provided in documented Rust code
+(called doctests or documentation tests). The ``rusttest`` Make target uses
+this feature.
+
+If ``rustup`` is being used, all the profiles already install the tool,
+thus nothing needs to be done.
+
+The standalone installers also come with ``rustdoc``.
+
+
+rust-analyzer
+*************
+
+The `rust-analyzer <https://rust-analyzer.github.io/>`_ language server can
+be used with many editors to enable syntax highlighting, completion, go to
+definition, and other features.
+
+``rust-analyzer`` needs a configuration file, ``rust-project.json``, which
+can be generated by the ``rust-analyzer`` Make target.
+
+
+Configuration
+-------------
+
+``Rust support`` (``CONFIG_RUST``) needs to be enabled in the ``General setup``
+menu. The option is only shown if a suitable Rust toolchain is found (see
+above). In turn, this will make visible the rest of options that depend on Rust.
+
+Afterwards, go to::
+
+	Kernel hacking
+	    -> Sample kernel code
+	        -> Rust samples
+
+And enable some sample modules either as built-in or as loadable.
+
+
+Building
+--------
+
+Building a kernel with a complete LLVM toolchain is the best supported setup
+at the moment. That is::
+
+	make LLVM=1
+
+For architectures that do not support a full LLVM toolchain, use::
+
+	make CC=clang
+
+Using GCC also works for some configurations, but it is very experimental at
+the moment.
+
+
+Hacking
+-------
+
+To dive deeper, take a look at the source code of the samples
+at ``samples/rust/``, the Rust support code under ``rust/`` and
+the ``Rust hacking`` menu under ``Kernel hacking``.
+
+If GDB/Binutils is used and Rust symbols are not getting demangled, the reason
+is the toolchain does not support Rust's new v0 mangling scheme yet.
+There are a few ways out:
+
+  - Install a newer release (GDB >= 10.2, Binutils >= 2.36).
+
+  - Some versions of GDB (e.g. vanilla GDB 10.1) are able to use
+    the pre-demangled names embedded in the debug info (``CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO``).
-- 
2.34.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 15/19] Kbuild: add Rust support
  2022-01-17  5:33 [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (11 preceding siblings ...)
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 14/19] docs: add Rust documentation Miguel Ojeda
@ 2022-01-17  5:33 ` Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 16/19] samples: add Rust examples Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  15 siblings, 0 replies; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-17  5:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel,
	Miguel Ojeda, Alex Gaynor, Finn Behrens, Adam Bratschi-Kaye,
	Wedson Almeida Filho, Michael Ellerman, Sven Van Asbroeck,
	Gary Guo, Boris-Chengbiao Zhou, Boqun Feng, Douglas Su,
	Dariusz Sosnowski, Antonio Terceiro, Daniel Xu

Having all the new files in place, we now enable Rust support
in the build system, including `Kconfig` entries related to Rust,
the Rust configuration printer, the target definition files,
the version detection script and a few other bits.

In the future, we will likely want to generate the target files
on the fly via a script.

Co-developed-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Finn Behrens <me@kloenk.de>
Signed-off-by: Finn Behrens <me@kloenk.de>
Co-developed-by: Adam Bratschi-Kaye <ark.email@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Adam Bratschi-Kaye <ark.email@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Co-developed-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Co-developed-by: Sven Van Asbroeck <thesven73@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Sven Van Asbroeck <thesven73@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Signed-off-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Co-developed-by: Boris-Chengbiao Zhou <bobo1239@web.de>
Signed-off-by: Boris-Chengbiao Zhou <bobo1239@web.de>
Co-developed-by: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Douglas Su <d0u9.su@outlook.com>
Signed-off-by: Douglas Su <d0u9.su@outlook.com>
Co-developed-by: Dariusz Sosnowski <dsosnowski@dsosnowski.pl>
Signed-off-by: Dariusz Sosnowski <dsosnowski@dsosnowski.pl>
Co-developed-by: Antonio Terceiro <antonio.terceiro@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Antonio Terceiro <antonio.terceiro@linaro.org>
Co-developed-by: Daniel Xu <dxu@dxuuu.xyz>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Xu <dxu@dxuuu.xyz>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
 .gitignore                                   |   5 +
 .rustfmt.toml                                |  12 +
 Makefile                                     | 152 +++++++-
 arch/arm/rust/target.json                    |  27 ++
 arch/arm64/rust/target.json                  |  34 ++
 arch/powerpc/rust/target.json                |  29 ++
 arch/riscv/Makefile                          |   1 +
 arch/riscv/rust/rv32ima.json                 |  36 ++
 arch/riscv/rust/rv32imac.json                |  36 ++
 arch/riscv/rust/rv64ima.json                 |  36 ++
 arch/riscv/rust/rv64imac.json                |  36 ++
 arch/x86/rust/target.json                    |  36 ++
 init/Kconfig                                 |  44 ++-
 lib/Kconfig.debug                            | 144 ++++++++
 rust/.gitignore                              |   7 +
 rust/Makefile                                | 352 +++++++++++++++++++
 rust/bindgen_parameters                      |  13 +
 scripts/Kconfig.include                      |   6 +-
 scripts/Makefile.build                       |  22 ++
 scripts/Makefile.debug                       |  10 +
 scripts/Makefile.lib                         |  12 +
 scripts/Makefile.modfinal                    |   8 +-
 scripts/cc-version.sh                        |  12 +-
 scripts/is_rust_module.sh                    |  19 +
 scripts/kconfig/confdata.c                   |  75 ++++
 scripts/min-tool-version.sh                  |   6 +
 scripts/rust-is-available-bindgen-libclang.h |   2 +
 scripts/rust-is-available.sh                 | 159 +++++++++
 28 files changed, 1310 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 .rustfmt.toml
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/rust/target.json
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/rust/target.json
 create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/rust/target.json
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/rust/rv32ima.json
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/rust/rv32imac.json
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/rust/rv64ima.json
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/rust/rv64imac.json
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/rust/target.json
 create mode 100644 rust/.gitignore
 create mode 100644 rust/Makefile
 create mode 100644 rust/bindgen_parameters
 create mode 100755 scripts/is_rust_module.sh
 create mode 100644 scripts/rust-is-available-bindgen-libclang.h
 create mode 100755 scripts/rust-is-available.sh

diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index 7afd412dadd2..48c68948f476 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -37,6 +37,7 @@
 *.o
 *.o.*
 *.patch
+*.rmeta
 *.s
 *.so
 *.so.dbg
@@ -96,6 +97,7 @@ modules.order
 !.gitattributes
 !.gitignore
 !.mailmap
+!.rustfmt.toml
 
 #
 # Generated include files
@@ -161,3 +163,6 @@ x509.genkey
 
 # Documentation toolchain
 sphinx_*/
+
+# Rust analyzer configuration
+/rust-project.json
diff --git a/.rustfmt.toml b/.rustfmt.toml
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..3de5cc497465
--- /dev/null
+++ b/.rustfmt.toml
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+edition = "2021"
+newline_style = "Unix"
+
+# Unstable options that help catching some mistakes in formatting and that we may want to enable
+# when they become stable.
+#
+# They are kept here since they are useful to run from time to time.
+#format_code_in_doc_comments = true
+#reorder_impl_items = true
+#comment_width = 100
+#wrap_comments = true
+#normalize_comments = true
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 08510230b42f..432aa39ecd4e 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -120,6 +120,13 @@ endif
 
 export KBUILD_CHECKSRC
 
+# Enable "clippy" (a linter) as part of the Rust compilation.
+#
+# Use 'make CLIPPY=1' to enable it.
+ifeq ("$(origin CLIPPY)", "command line")
+  KBUILD_CLIPPY := $(CLIPPY)
+endif
+
 # Use make M=dir or set the environment variable KBUILD_EXTMOD to specify the
 # directory of external module to build. Setting M= takes precedence.
 ifeq ("$(origin M)", "command line")
@@ -267,7 +274,7 @@ no-dot-config-targets := $(clean-targets) \
 			 cscope gtags TAGS tags help% %docs check% coccicheck \
 			 $(version_h) headers headers_% archheaders archscripts \
 			 %asm-generic kernelversion %src-pkg dt_binding_check \
-			 outputmakefile
+			 outputmakefile rustavailable rustfmt rustfmtcheck
 # Installation targets should not require compiler. Unfortunately, vdso_install
 # is an exception where build artifacts may be updated. This must be fixed.
 no-compiler-targets := $(no-dot-config-targets) install dtbs_install \
@@ -461,6 +468,12 @@ OBJDUMP		= $(CROSS_COMPILE)objdump
 READELF		= $(CROSS_COMPILE)readelf
 STRIP		= $(CROSS_COMPILE)strip
 endif
+RUSTC		= rustc
+RUSTDOC		= rustdoc
+RUSTFMT		= rustfmt
+CLIPPY_DRIVER	= clippy-driver
+BINDGEN		= bindgen
+CARGO		= cargo
 PAHOLE		= pahole
 RESOLVE_BTFIDS	= $(objtree)/tools/bpf/resolve_btfids/resolve_btfids
 LEX		= flex
@@ -486,9 +499,11 @@ CHECKFLAGS     := -D__linux__ -Dlinux -D__STDC__ -Dunix -D__unix__ \
 		  -Wbitwise -Wno-return-void -Wno-unknown-attribute $(CF)
 NOSTDINC_FLAGS :=
 CFLAGS_MODULE   =
+RUSTFLAGS_MODULE =
 AFLAGS_MODULE   =
 LDFLAGS_MODULE  =
 CFLAGS_KERNEL	=
+RUSTFLAGS_KERNEL =
 AFLAGS_KERNEL	=
 LDFLAGS_vmlinux =
 
@@ -517,15 +532,46 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS   := -Wall -Wundef -Werror=strict-prototypes -Wno-trigraphs \
 		   -Werror=return-type -Wno-format-security \
 		   -std=gnu89
 KBUILD_CPPFLAGS := -D__KERNEL__
+KBUILD_RUST_TARGET := $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/rust/target.json
+KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS := --emit=dep-info,obj,metadata --edition=2021 \
+		     -Cpanic=abort -Cembed-bitcode=n -Clto=n -Crpath=n \
+		     -Cforce-unwind-tables=n -Ccodegen-units=1 \
+		     -Zbinary_dep_depinfo=y -Zsymbol-mangling-version=v0 \
+		     -Dunsafe_op_in_unsafe_fn -Drust_2018_idioms \
+		     -Dunreachable_pub -Dnon_ascii_idents \
+		     -Wmissing_docs \
+		     -Drustdoc::missing_crate_level_docs \
+		     -Dclippy::correctness -Dclippy::style -Dclippy::suspicious \
+		     -Dclippy::complexity -Dclippy::perf -Dclippy::float_arithmetic \
+		     -Dclippy::let_unit_value -Dclippy::mut_mut \
+		     -Dclippy::needless_bitwise_bool -Dclippy::needless_continue \
+		     -Wclippy::dbg_macro
 KBUILD_AFLAGS_KERNEL :=
 KBUILD_CFLAGS_KERNEL :=
+KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS_KERNEL :=
 KBUILD_AFLAGS_MODULE  := -DMODULE
 KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE  := -DMODULE
+KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS_MODULE := --cfg MODULE
 KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE :=
 KBUILD_LDFLAGS :=
 CLANG_FLAGS :=
 
+ifeq ($(KBUILD_CLIPPY),1)
+	RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY_QUIET := CLIPPY
+	RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY = $(CLIPPY_DRIVER)
+else
+	RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY_QUIET := RUSTC
+	RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY = $(RUSTC)
+endif
+
+ifdef RUST_LIB_SRC
+	export RUST_LIB_SRC
+endif
+
+export RUSTC_BOOTSTRAP := 1
+
 export ARCH SRCARCH CONFIG_SHELL BASH HOSTCC KBUILD_HOSTCFLAGS CROSS_COMPILE LD CC
+export RUSTC RUSTDOC RUSTFMT RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY_QUIET RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY BINDGEN CARGO
 export CPP AR NM STRIP OBJCOPY OBJDUMP READELF PAHOLE RESOLVE_BTFIDS LEX YACC AWK INSTALLKERNEL
 export PERL PYTHON3 CHECK CHECKFLAGS MAKE UTS_MACHINE HOSTCXX
 export KGZIP KBZIP2 KLZOP LZMA LZ4 XZ ZSTD
@@ -533,9 +579,10 @@ export KBUILD_HOSTCXXFLAGS KBUILD_HOSTLDFLAGS KBUILD_HOSTLDLIBS LDFLAGS_MODULE
 
 export KBUILD_CPPFLAGS NOSTDINC_FLAGS LINUXINCLUDE OBJCOPYFLAGS KBUILD_LDFLAGS
 export KBUILD_CFLAGS CFLAGS_KERNEL CFLAGS_MODULE
+export KBUILD_RUST_TARGET KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS RUSTFLAGS_KERNEL RUSTFLAGS_MODULE
 export KBUILD_AFLAGS AFLAGS_KERNEL AFLAGS_MODULE
-export KBUILD_AFLAGS_MODULE KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE
-export KBUILD_AFLAGS_KERNEL KBUILD_CFLAGS_KERNEL
+export KBUILD_AFLAGS_MODULE KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS_MODULE KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE
+export KBUILD_AFLAGS_KERNEL KBUILD_CFLAGS_KERNEL KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS_KERNEL
 export PAHOLE_FLAGS
 
 # Files to ignore in find ... statements
@@ -727,7 +774,7 @@ $(KCONFIG_CONFIG):
 #
 # Do not use $(call cmd,...) here. That would suppress prompts from syncconfig,
 # so you cannot notice that Kconfig is waiting for the user input.
-%/config/auto.conf %/config/auto.conf.cmd %/generated/autoconf.h: $(KCONFIG_CONFIG)
+%/config/auto.conf %/config/auto.conf.cmd %/generated/autoconf.h %/generated/rustc_cfg: $(KCONFIG_CONFIG)
 	$(Q)$(kecho) "  SYNC    $@"
 	$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/Makefile syncconfig
 else # !may-sync-config
@@ -756,11 +803,27 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= $(call cc-disable-warning, address-of-packed-member)
 
 ifdef CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE
 KBUILD_CFLAGS += -O2
+KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS_OPT_LEVEL_MAP := 2
 else ifdef CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3
 KBUILD_CFLAGS += -O3
+KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS_OPT_LEVEL_MAP := 3
 else ifdef CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE
 KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Os
-endif
+KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS_OPT_LEVEL_MAP := s
+endif
+
+# Always set `debug-assertions` and `overflow-checks` because their default
+# depends on `opt-level` and `debug-assertions`, respectively.
+KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS += -Cdebug-assertions=$(if $(CONFIG_RUST_DEBUG_ASSERTIONS),y,n)
+KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS += -Coverflow-checks=$(if $(CONFIG_RUST_OVERFLOW_CHECKS),y,n)
+KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS += -Copt-level=$\
+	$(if $(CONFIG_RUST_OPT_LEVEL_SIMILAR_AS_CHOSEN_FOR_C),$(KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS_OPT_LEVEL_MAP))$\
+	$(if $(CONFIG_RUST_OPT_LEVEL_0),0)$\
+	$(if $(CONFIG_RUST_OPT_LEVEL_1),1)$\
+	$(if $(CONFIG_RUST_OPT_LEVEL_2),2)$\
+	$(if $(CONFIG_RUST_OPT_LEVEL_3),3)$\
+	$(if $(CONFIG_RUST_OPT_LEVEL_S),s)$\
+	$(if $(CONFIG_RUST_OPT_LEVEL_Z),z)
 
 # Tell gcc to never replace conditional load with a non-conditional one
 ifdef CONFIG_CC_IS_GCC
@@ -791,6 +854,9 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(stackp-flags-y)
 KBUILD_CFLAGS-$(CONFIG_WERROR) += -Werror
 KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(KBUILD_CFLAGS-y) $(CONFIG_CC_IMPLICIT_FALLTHROUGH:"%"=%)
 
+KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS-$(CONFIG_WERROR) += -Dwarnings
+KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS += $(KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS-y)
+
 ifdef CONFIG_CC_IS_CLANG
 KBUILD_CPPFLAGS += -Qunused-arguments
 # The kernel builds with '-std=gnu89' so use of GNU extensions is acceptable.
@@ -812,6 +878,7 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, unused-const-variable)
 
 ifdef CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER
 KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= -fno-omit-frame-pointer -fno-optimize-sibling-calls
+KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS += -Cforce-frame-pointers=y
 else
 # Some targets (ARM with Thumb2, for example), can't be built with frame
 # pointers.  For those, we don't have FUNCTION_TRACER automatically
@@ -1022,10 +1089,11 @@ include $(addprefix $(srctree)/, $(include-y))
 # Do not add $(call cc-option,...) below this line. When you build the kernel
 # from the clean source tree, the GCC plugins do not exist at this point.
 
-# Add user supplied CPPFLAGS, AFLAGS and CFLAGS as the last assignments
+# Add user supplied CPPFLAGS, AFLAGS, CFLAGS and RUSTFLAGS as the last assignments
 KBUILD_CPPFLAGS += $(KCPPFLAGS)
 KBUILD_AFLAGS   += $(KAFLAGS)
 KBUILD_CFLAGS   += $(KCFLAGS)
+KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS += $(KRUSTFLAGS)
 
 KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE += --build-id=sha1
 LDFLAGS_vmlinux += --build-id=sha1
@@ -1094,6 +1162,7 @@ export MODULES_NSDEPS := $(extmod_prefix)modules.nsdeps
 ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
 core-y			+= kernel/ certs/ mm/ fs/ ipc/ security/ crypto/
 core-$(CONFIG_BLOCK)	+= block/
+core-$(CONFIG_RUST)	+= rust/
 
 vmlinux-dirs	:= $(patsubst %/,%,$(filter %/, \
 		     $(core-y) $(core-m) $(drivers-y) $(drivers-m) \
@@ -1195,6 +1264,10 @@ archprepare: outputmakefile archheaders archscripts scripts include/config/kerne
 prepare0: archprepare
 	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts/mod
 	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=.
+ifdef CONFIG_RUST
+	$(Q)$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/rust-is-available.sh -v
+	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=rust
+endif
 
 # All the preparing..
 prepare: prepare0
@@ -1495,7 +1568,7 @@ endif # CONFIG_MODULES
 # Directories & files removed with 'make clean'
 CLEAN_FILES += include/ksym vmlinux.symvers modules-only.symvers \
 	       modules.builtin modules.builtin.modinfo modules.nsdeps \
-	       compile_commands.json .thinlto-cache
+	       compile_commands.json .thinlto-cache rust/test rust/doc
 
 # Directories & files removed with 'make mrproper'
 MRPROPER_FILES += include/config include/generated          \
@@ -1506,7 +1579,8 @@ MRPROPER_FILES += include/config include/generated          \
 		  certs/signing_key.pem certs/signing_key.x509 \
 		  certs/x509.genkey \
 		  vmlinux-gdb.py \
-		  *.spec
+		  *.spec \
+		  rust/libmacros.so
 
 # clean - Delete most, but leave enough to build external modules
 #
@@ -1531,6 +1605,9 @@ $(mrproper-dirs):
 
 mrproper: clean $(mrproper-dirs)
 	$(call cmd,rmfiles)
+	@find . $(RCS_FIND_IGNORE) \
+		\( -name '*.rmeta' \) \
+		-type f -print | xargs rm -f
 
 # distclean
 #
@@ -1618,6 +1695,19 @@ help:
 	@echo  '  kselftest-merge   - Merge all the config dependencies of'
 	@echo  '		      kselftest to existing .config.'
 	@echo  ''
+	@echo  'Rust targets:'
+	@echo  '  rustavailable   - Checks whether the Rust toolchain is'
+	@echo  '		    available and, if not, explains why.'
+	@echo  '  rustfmt	  - Reformat all the Rust code in the kernel'
+	@echo  '  rustfmtcheck	  - Checks if all the Rust code in the kernel'
+	@echo  '		    is formatted, printing a diff otherwise.'
+	@echo  '  rustdoc	  - Generate Rust documentation'
+	@echo  '		    (requires kernel .config)'
+	@echo  '  rusttest        - Runs the Rust tests'
+	@echo  '                    (requires kernel .config; downloads external repos)'
+	@echo  '  rust-analyzer	  - Generate rust-project.json rust-analyzer support file'
+	@echo  '		    (requires kernel .config)'
+	@echo  ''
 	@$(if $(dtstree), \
 		echo 'Devicetree:'; \
 		echo '* dtbs             - Build device tree blobs for enabled boards'; \
@@ -1689,6 +1779,52 @@ PHONY += $(DOC_TARGETS)
 $(DOC_TARGETS):
 	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=Documentation $@
 
+
+# Rust targets
+# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+# "Is Rust available?" target
+PHONY += rustavailable
+rustavailable:
+	$(Q)$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/rust-is-available.sh -v && echo >&2 "Rust is available!"
+
+# Documentation target
+#
+# Using the singular to avoid running afoul of `no-dot-config-targets`.
+PHONY += rustdoc
+rustdoc: prepare0
+	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=rust $@
+
+# Testing target
+PHONY += rusttest
+rusttest: prepare0
+	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=rust $@
+
+# Formatting targets
+PHONY += rustfmt rustfmtcheck
+
+# We skip `rust/alloc` since we want to minimize the diff w.r.t. upstream.
+#
+# We match using absolute paths since `find` does not resolve them
+# when matching, which is a problem when e.g. `srctree` is `..`.
+# We `grep` afterwards in order to remove the directory entry itself.
+rustfmt:
+	$(Q)find $(abs_srctree) -type f -name '*.rs' \
+		-o -path $(abs_srctree)/rust/alloc -prune \
+		-o -path $(abs_objtree)/rust/test -prune \
+		| grep -Fv $(abs_srctree)/rust/alloc \
+		| grep -Fv $(abs_objtree)/rust/test \
+		| grep -Fv generated \
+		| xargs $(RUSTFMT) $(rustfmt_flags)
+
+rustfmtcheck: rustfmt_flags = --check
+rustfmtcheck: rustfmt
+
+# IDE support targets
+PHONY += rust-analyzer
+rust-analyzer: prepare0
+	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=rust $@
+
 # Misc
 # ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
diff --git a/arch/arm/rust/target.json b/arch/arm/rust/target.json
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..3f845b8221dc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/rust/target.json
@@ -0,0 +1,27 @@
+{
+  "arch": "arm",
+  "crt-static-respected": true,
+  "data-layout": "e-m:e-p:32:32-Fi8-i64:64-v128:64:128-a:0:32-n32-S64",
+  "dynamic-linking": true,
+  "env": "gnu",
+  "executables": true,
+  "features": "+strict-align,+v6",
+  "function-sections": false,
+  "has-elf-tls": true,
+  "has-rpath": true,
+  "linker-is-gnu": true,
+  "llvm-target": "arm-unknown-linux-gnueabi",
+  "max-atomic-width": 64,
+  "os": "linux",
+  "position-independent-executables": true,
+  "pre-link-args": {
+    "gcc": [
+      "-Wl,--as-needed",
+      "-Wl,-z,noexecstack"
+    ]
+  },
+  "relocation-model": "static",
+  "target-family": "unix",
+  "target-mcount": "\u0001__gnu_mcount_nc",
+  "target-pointer-width": "32"
+}
diff --git a/arch/arm64/rust/target.json b/arch/arm64/rust/target.json
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..09a264df26c7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/rust/target.json
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+{
+  "arch": "aarch64",
+  "data-layout": "e-m:e-i8:8:32-i16:16:32-i64:64-i128:128-n32:64-S128",
+  "disable-redzone": true,
+  "emit-debug-gdb-scripts": false,
+  "env": "gnu",
+  "features": "+strict-align,+neon,+fp-armv8",
+  "frame-pointer": "always",
+  "function-sections": false,
+  "linker-flavor": "gcc",
+  "linker-is-gnu": true,
+  "llvm-target": "aarch64-unknown-none",
+  "max-atomic-width": 128,
+  "needs-plt": true,
+  "os": "none",
+  "panic-strategy": "abort",
+  "position-independent-executables": true,
+  "pre-link-args": {
+    "gcc": [
+      "-Wl,--as-needed",
+      "-Wl,-z,noexecstack",
+      "-m64"
+    ]
+  },
+  "relocation-model": "static",
+  "relro-level": "full",
+  "stack-probes": {
+    "kind": "none"
+  },
+  "target-c-int-width": "32",
+  "target-endian": "little",
+  "target-pointer-width": "64",
+  "vendor": ""
+}
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/rust/target.json b/arch/powerpc/rust/target.json
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..2420c8e6a520
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/rust/target.json
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@
+{
+  "arch": "powerpc64",
+  "code-model": "large",
+  "cpu": "ppc64le",
+  "data-layout": "e-m:e-i64:64-n32:64",
+  "env": "gnu",
+  "features": "-altivec,-vsx,-hard-float",
+  "function-sections": false,
+  "linker-flavor": "gcc",
+  "linker-is-gnu": true,
+  "llvm-target": "powerpc64le-elf",
+  "max-atomic-width": 64,
+  "os": "none",
+  "panic-strategy": "abort",
+  "position-independent-executables": true,
+  "pre-link-args": {
+    "gcc": [
+      "-Wl,--as-needed",
+      "-Wl,-z,noexecstack",
+      "-m64"
+    ]
+  },
+  "relocation-model": "static",
+  "relro-level": "full",
+  "target-family": "unix",
+  "target-mcount": "_mcount",
+  "target-endian": "little",
+  "target-pointer-width": "64"
+}
diff --git a/arch/riscv/Makefile b/arch/riscv/Makefile
index 8a107ed18b0d..0487db1e54c6 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/Makefile
+++ b/arch/riscv/Makefile
@@ -52,6 +52,7 @@ riscv-march-$(CONFIG_FPU)		:= $(riscv-march-y)fd
 riscv-march-$(CONFIG_RISCV_ISA_C)	:= $(riscv-march-y)c
 KBUILD_CFLAGS += -march=$(subst fd,,$(riscv-march-y))
 KBUILD_AFLAGS += -march=$(riscv-march-y)
+KBUILD_RUST_TARGET := $(srctree)/arch/riscv/rust/$(subst fd,,$(riscv-march-y)).json
 
 KBUILD_CFLAGS += -mno-save-restore
 KBUILD_CFLAGS += -DCONFIG_PAGE_OFFSET=$(CONFIG_PAGE_OFFSET)
diff --git a/arch/riscv/rust/rv32ima.json b/arch/riscv/rust/rv32ima.json
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..bcdda88c1604
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/rust/rv32ima.json
@@ -0,0 +1,36 @@
+{
+  "arch": "riscv32",
+  "code-model": "medium",
+  "cpu": "generic-rv32",
+  "data-layout": "e-m:e-p:32:32-i64:64-n32-S128",
+  "disable-redzone": true,
+  "emit-debug-gdb-scripts": false,
+  "env": "gnu",
+  "features": "+m,+a",
+  "frame-pointer": "always",
+  "function-sections": false,
+  "linker-flavor": "gcc",
+  "linker-is-gnu": true,
+  "llvm-target": "riscv32",
+  "max-atomic-width": 32,
+  "needs-plt": true,
+  "os": "none",
+  "panic-strategy": "abort",
+  "position-independent-executables": true,
+  "pre-link-args": {
+    "gcc": [
+      "-Wl,--as-needed",
+      "-Wl,-z,noexecstack",
+      "-m32"
+    ]
+  },
+  "relocation-model": "static",
+  "relro-level": "full",
+  "stack-probes": {
+    "kind": "none"
+  },
+  "target-c-int-width": "32",
+  "target-endian": "little",
+  "target-pointer-width": "32",
+  "vendor": ""
+}
diff --git a/arch/riscv/rust/rv32imac.json b/arch/riscv/rust/rv32imac.json
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..45873c10a5c3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/rust/rv32imac.json
@@ -0,0 +1,36 @@
+{
+  "arch": "riscv32",
+  "code-model": "medium",
+  "cpu": "generic-rv32",
+  "data-layout": "e-m:e-p:32:32-i64:64-n32-S128",
+  "disable-redzone": true,
+  "emit-debug-gdb-scripts": false,
+  "env": "gnu",
+  "features": "+m,+a,+c",
+  "frame-pointer": "always",
+  "function-sections": false,
+  "linker-flavor": "gcc",
+  "linker-is-gnu": true,
+  "llvm-target": "riscv32",
+  "max-atomic-width": 32,
+  "needs-plt": true,
+  "os": "none",
+  "panic-strategy": "abort",
+  "position-independent-executables": true,
+  "pre-link-args": {
+    "gcc": [
+      "-Wl,--as-needed",
+      "-Wl,-z,noexecstack",
+      "-m32"
+    ]
+  },
+  "relocation-model": "static",
+  "relro-level": "full",
+  "stack-probes": {
+    "kind": "none"
+  },
+  "target-c-int-width": "32",
+  "target-endian": "little",
+  "target-pointer-width": "32",
+  "vendor": ""
+}
diff --git a/arch/riscv/rust/rv64ima.json b/arch/riscv/rust/rv64ima.json
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..853d758c5461
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/rust/rv64ima.json
@@ -0,0 +1,36 @@
+{
+  "arch": "riscv64",
+  "code-model": "medium",
+  "cpu": "generic-rv64",
+  "data-layout": "e-m:e-p:64:64-i64:64-i128:128-n64-S128",
+  "disable-redzone": true,
+  "emit-debug-gdb-scripts": false,
+  "env": "gnu",
+  "features": "+m,+a",
+  "frame-pointer": "always",
+  "function-sections": false,
+  "linker-flavor": "gcc",
+  "linker-is-gnu": true,
+  "llvm-target": "riscv64",
+  "max-atomic-width": 64,
+  "needs-plt": true,
+  "os": "none",
+  "panic-strategy": "abort",
+  "position-independent-executables": true,
+  "pre-link-args": {
+    "gcc": [
+      "-Wl,--as-needed",
+      "-Wl,-z,noexecstack",
+      "-m64"
+    ]
+  },
+  "relocation-model": "static",
+  "relro-level": "full",
+  "stack-probes": {
+    "kind": "none"
+  },
+  "target-c-int-width": "32",
+  "target-endian": "little",
+  "target-pointer-width": "64",
+  "vendor": ""
+}
diff --git a/arch/riscv/rust/rv64imac.json b/arch/riscv/rust/rv64imac.json
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ce50ee8e8c93
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/rust/rv64imac.json
@@ -0,0 +1,36 @@
+{
+  "arch": "riscv64",
+  "code-model": "medium",
+  "cpu": "generic-rv64",
+  "data-layout": "e-m:e-p:64:64-i64:64-i128:128-n64-S128",
+  "disable-redzone": true,
+  "emit-debug-gdb-scripts": false,
+  "env": "gnu",
+  "features": "+m,+a,+c",
+  "frame-pointer": "always",
+  "function-sections": false,
+  "linker-flavor": "gcc",
+  "linker-is-gnu": true,
+  "llvm-target": "riscv64",
+  "max-atomic-width": 64,
+  "needs-plt": true,
+  "os": "none",
+  "panic-strategy": "abort",
+  "position-independent-executables": true,
+  "pre-link-args": {
+    "gcc": [
+      "-Wl,--as-needed",
+      "-Wl,-z,noexecstack",
+      "-m64"
+    ]
+  },
+  "relocation-model": "static",
+  "relro-level": "full",
+  "stack-probes": {
+    "kind": "none"
+  },
+  "target-c-int-width": "32",
+  "target-endian": "little",
+  "target-pointer-width": "64",
+  "vendor": ""
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/rust/target.json b/arch/x86/rust/target.json
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..379cf39e8941
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/rust/target.json
@@ -0,0 +1,36 @@
+{
+  "arch": "x86_64",
+  "code-model": "kernel",
+  "cpu": "x86-64",
+  "data-layout": "e-m:e-p270:32:32-p271:32:32-p272:64:64-i64:64-f80:128-n8:16:32:64-S128",
+  "disable-redzone": true,
+  "emit-debug-gdb-scripts": false,
+  "env": "gnu",
+  "features": "-mmx,-sse,-sse2,-sse3,-ssse3,-sse4.1,-sse4.2,-3dnow,-3dnowa,-avx,-avx2,+soft-float",
+  "frame-pointer": "always",
+  "function-sections": false,
+  "linker-flavor": "gcc",
+  "linker-is-gnu": true,
+  "llvm-target": "x86_64-elf",
+  "max-atomic-width": 64,
+  "needs-plt": true,
+  "os": "none",
+  "panic-strategy": "abort",
+  "position-independent-executables": true,
+  "pre-link-args": {
+    "gcc": [
+      "-Wl,--as-needed",
+      "-Wl,-z,noexecstack",
+      "-m64"
+    ]
+  },
+  "relocation-model": "static",
+  "relro-level": "full",
+  "stack-probes": {
+    "kind": "none"
+  },
+  "target-c-int-width": "32",
+  "target-endian": "little",
+  "target-pointer-width": "64",
+  "vendor": "unknown"
+}
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index 4b7bac10c72d..a98f39039cc9 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -60,6 +60,17 @@ config LLD_VERSION
 	default $(ld-version) if LD_IS_LLD
 	default 0
 
+config RUST_IS_AVAILABLE
+	def_bool $(success,$(srctree)/scripts/rust-is-available.sh)
+	help
+	  This shows whether a suitable Rust toolchain is available (found).
+
+	  Please see Documentation/rust/quick-start.rst for instructions on how
+	  to satify the build requirements of Rust support.
+
+	  In particular, the Makefile target 'rustavailable' is useful to check
+	  why the Rust toolchain is not being detected.
+
 config CC_CAN_LINK
 	bool
 	default $(success,$(srctree)/scripts/cc-can-link.sh $(CC) $(CLANG_FLAGS) $(m64-flag)) if 64BIT
@@ -142,7 +153,8 @@ config WERROR
 	default COMPILE_TEST
 	help
 	  A kernel build should not cause any compiler warnings, and this
-	  enables the '-Werror' flag to enforce that rule by default.
+	  enables the '-Werror' (for C) and '-Dwarnings' (for Rust) flags
+	  to enforce that rule by default.
 
 	  However, if you have a new (or very old) compiler with odd and
 	  unusual warnings, or you have some architecture with problems,
@@ -2044,6 +2056,36 @@ config PROFILING
 	  Say Y here to enable the extended profiling support mechanisms used
 	  by profilers.
 
+config RUST
+	bool "Rust support"
+	depends on RUST_IS_AVAILABLE
+	depends on ARM64 || CPU_32v6 || CPU_32v6K || (PPC64 && CPU_LITTLE_ENDIAN) || X86_64 || RISCV
+	depends on !MODVERSIONS
+	depends on !GCC_PLUGIN_RANDSTRUCT
+	default n
+	help
+	  Enables Rust support in the kernel.
+
+	  This allows other Rust-related options, like drivers written in Rust,
+	  to be selected.
+
+	  It is also required to be able to load external kernel modules
+	  written in Rust.
+
+	  See Documentation/rust/ for more information.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
+config RUSTC_VERSION_TEXT
+	string
+	depends on RUST
+	default $(shell,command -v $(RUSTC) >/dev/null 2>&1 && $(RUSTC) --version || echo n)
+
+config BINDGEN_VERSION_TEXT
+	string
+	depends on RUST
+	default $(shell,command -v $(BINDGEN) >/dev/null 2>&1 && $(BINDGEN) --version || echo n)
+
 #
 # Place an empty function call at each tracepoint site. Can be
 # dynamically changed for a probe function.
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index 5e14e32056ad..b9bc9ca74359 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -2651,6 +2651,150 @@ config HYPERV_TESTING
 
 endmenu # "Kernel Testing and Coverage"
 
+menu "Rust hacking"
+
+config RUST_DEBUG_ASSERTIONS
+	bool "Debug assertions"
+	default n
+	depends on RUST
+	help
+	  Enables rustc's `-Cdebug-assertions` codegen option.
+
+	  This flag lets you turn `cfg(debug_assertions)` conditional
+	  compilation on or off. This can be used to enable extra debugging
+	  code in development but not in production. For example, it controls
+	  the behavior of the standard library's `debug_assert!` macro.
+
+	  Note that this will apply to all Rust code, including `core`.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
+config RUST_OVERFLOW_CHECKS
+	bool "Overflow checks"
+	default y
+	depends on RUST
+	help
+	  Enables rustc's `-Coverflow-checks` codegen option.
+
+	  This flag allows you to control the behavior of runtime integer
+	  overflow. When overflow-checks are enabled, a Rust panic will occur
+	  on overflow.
+
+	  Note that this will apply to all Rust code, including `core`.
+
+	  If unsure, say Y.
+
+choice
+	prompt "Optimization level"
+	default RUST_OPT_LEVEL_SIMILAR_AS_CHOSEN_FOR_C
+	depends on RUST
+	help
+	  Controls rustc's `-Copt-level` codegen option.
+
+	  This flag controls the optimization level.
+
+	  If unsure, say "Similar as chosen for C".
+
+config RUST_OPT_LEVEL_SIMILAR_AS_CHOSEN_FOR_C
+	bool "Similar as chosen for C"
+	help
+	  This choice will pick a similar optimization level as chosen in
+	  the "Compiler optimization level" for C:
+
+	      -O2 is currently mapped to -Copt-level=2
+	      -O3 is currently mapped to -Copt-level=3
+	      -Os is currently mapped to -Copt-level=z
+
+	  The mapping may change over time to follow the intended semantics
+	  of the choice for C as sensibly as possible.
+
+	  This is the default.
+
+config RUST_OPT_LEVEL_0
+	bool "No optimizations (-Copt-level=0)"
+	help
+	  Not recommended for most purposes. It may come in handy for debugging
+	  suspected optimizer bugs, unexpected undefined behavior, etc.
+
+	  Note that this level will *not* enable debug assertions nor overflow
+	  checks on its own (like it happens when interacting with rustc
+	  directly). Use the corresponding configuration options to control
+	  that instead, orthogonally.
+
+	  Note this level may cause excessive stack usage, which can lead to stack
+	  overflow and subsequent crashes.
+
+config RUST_OPT_LEVEL_1
+	bool "Basic optimizations (-Copt-level=1)"
+	help
+	  Useful for debugging without getting too lost, but without
+	  the overhead and boilerplate of no optimizations at all.
+
+	  Note this level may cause excessive stack usage, which can lead to stack
+	  overflow and subsequent crashes.
+
+config RUST_OPT_LEVEL_2
+	bool "Some optimizations (-Copt-level=2)"
+	help
+	  The sensible choice in most cases.
+
+config RUST_OPT_LEVEL_3
+	bool "All optimizations (-Copt-level=3)"
+	help
+	  Yet more performance (hopefully).
+
+config RUST_OPT_LEVEL_S
+	bool "Optimize for size (-Copt-level=s)"
+	help
+	  Smaller kernel, ideally without too much performance loss.
+
+config RUST_OPT_LEVEL_Z
+	bool "Optimize for size, no loop vectorization (-Copt-level=z)"
+	help
+	  Like the previous level, but also turn off loop vectorization.
+
+endchoice
+
+choice
+	prompt "Build-time assertions"
+	default RUST_BUILD_ASSERT_ALLOW if RUST_OPT_LEVEL_0
+	default RUST_BUILD_ASSERT_DENY if !RUST_OPT_LEVEL_0
+	depends on RUST
+	help
+	  Controls how are `build_error!` and `build_assert!` handled during build.
+
+	  If calls to them exist in the binary, it may indicate a violated invariant
+	  or that the optimizer failed to verify the invariant during compilation.
+	  You can choose to abort compilation or ignore them during build and let the
+	  check be carried to runtime.
+
+	  If optimizations are turned off, you cannot select "Deny".
+
+	  If unsure, say "Deny".
+
+config RUST_BUILD_ASSERT_ALLOW
+	bool "Allow"
+	help
+	  Unoptimized calls to `build_error!` will be converted to `panic!`
+	  and checked at runtime.
+
+config RUST_BUILD_ASSERT_WARN
+	bool "Warn"
+	help
+	  Unoptimized calls to `build_error!` will be converted to `panic!`
+	  and checked at runtime, but warnings will be generated when building.
+
+config RUST_BUILD_ASSERT_DENY
+	bool "Deny"
+	depends on !RUST_OPT_LEVEL_0
+	help
+	  Unoptimized calls to `build_error!` will abort compilation.
+
+endchoice
+
+
+endmenu # "Rust"
+
 source "Documentation/Kconfig"
 
 endmenu # Kernel hacking
diff --git a/rust/.gitignore b/rust/.gitignore
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..168cb26a31b9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rust/.gitignore
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+bindings_generated.rs
+bindings_helpers_generated.rs
+exports_*_generated.h
+doc/
+test/
diff --git a/rust/Makefile b/rust/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..769c9857445f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rust/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,352 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_RUST) += core.o compiler_builtins.o helpers.o
+always-$(CONFIG_RUST) += exports_core_generated.h
+
+always-$(CONFIG_RUST) += libmacros.so
+no-clean-files += libmacros.so
+
+always-$(CONFIG_RUST) += bindings_generated.rs bindings_helpers_generated.rs
+obj-$(CONFIG_RUST) += alloc.o kernel.o
+always-$(CONFIG_RUST) += exports_alloc_generated.h exports_kernel_generated.h
+
+ifdef CONFIG_RUST_BUILD_ASSERT_DENY
+always-$(CONFIG_RUST) += build_error.o
+else
+obj-$(CONFIG_RUST) += build_error.o
+endif
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_RUST) += exports.o
+
+# Avoids running `$(RUSTC)` for the sysroot when it may not be available.
+ifdef CONFIG_RUST
+
+ifeq ($(quiet),silent_)
+cargo_quiet=-q
+rust_test_quiet=-q
+rustdoc_test_quiet=--test-args -q
+else ifeq ($(quiet),quiet_)
+rust_test_quiet=-q
+rustdoc_test_quiet=--test-args -q
+else
+cargo_quiet=--verbose
+endif
+
+core-cfgs = \
+    --cfg no_fp_fmt_parse
+
+alloc-cfgs = \
+    --cfg no_global_oom_handling \
+    --cfg no_rc \
+    --cfg no_sync
+
+quiet_cmd_rustdoc = RUSTDOC $(if $(rustdoc_host),H, ) $<
+      cmd_rustdoc = \
+	OBJTREE=$(abspath $(objtree)) \
+	$(RUSTDOC) $(if $(rustdoc_host),,$(rust_cross_flags)) \
+		$(filter-out -Cpanic=abort, $(filter-out --emit=%, $(rust_flags))) \
+		$(rustc_target_flags) -L $(objtree)/rust \
+		--output $(objtree)/rust/doc --crate-name $(subst rustdoc-,,$@) \
+		@$(objtree)/include/generated/rustc_cfg $<
+
+rustdoc: rustdoc-core rustdoc-macros rustdoc-compiler_builtins rustdoc-alloc rustdoc-kernel
+	$(Q)cp $(srctree)/Documentation/rust/assets/* $(objtree)/rust/doc
+
+rustdoc-macros: private rustdoc_host = yes
+rustdoc-macros: private rustc_target_flags = --crate-type proc-macro \
+    --extern proc_macro
+rustdoc-macros: $(srctree)/rust/macros/lib.rs FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,rustdoc)
+
+rustdoc-compiler_builtins: $(srctree)/rust/compiler_builtins.rs rustdoc-core FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,rustdoc)
+
+# We need to allow `rustdoc::broken_intra_doc_links` because some
+# `no_global_oom_handling` functions refer to non-`no_global_oom_handling`
+# functions. Ideally `rustdoc` would have a way to distinguish broken links
+# due to things that are "configured out" vs. entirely non-existing ones.
+rustdoc-alloc: private rustc_target_flags = $(alloc-cfgs) \
+    -Arustdoc::broken_intra_doc_links
+rustdoc-alloc: $(srctree)/rust/alloc/lib.rs rustdoc-core \
+    rustdoc-compiler_builtins FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,rustdoc)
+
+rustdoc-kernel: private rustc_target_flags = --extern alloc \
+    --extern build_error \
+    --extern macros=$(objtree)/rust/libmacros.so
+rustdoc-kernel: $(srctree)/rust/kernel/lib.rs rustdoc-core \
+    rustdoc-macros rustdoc-compiler_builtins rustdoc-alloc \
+    $(objtree)/rust/libmacros.so $(objtree)/rust/bindings_generated.rs \
+    $(objtree)/rust/bindings_helpers_generated.rs FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,rustdoc)
+
+quiet_cmd_rustc_test_library = RUSTC TL $<
+      cmd_rustc_test_library = \
+	OBJTREE=$(abspath $(objtree)) \
+	$(RUSTC) $(filter-out --sysroot=%, $(filter-out -Cpanic=abort, $(filter-out --emit=%, $(rust_flags)))) \
+		$(rustc_target_flags) --crate-type $(if $(rustc_test_library_proc),proc-macro,rlib) \
+		--out-dir $(objtree)/rust/test/ --cfg testlib \
+		--sysroot $(objtree)/rust/test/sysroot \
+		-L $(objtree)/rust/test/ --crate-name $(subst rusttest-,,$(subst rusttestlib-,,$@)) $<
+
+rusttestlib-build_error: $(srctree)/rust/build_error.rs rusttest-prepare FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,rustc_test_library)
+
+rusttestlib-macros: private rustc_target_flags = --extern proc_macro
+rusttestlib-macros: private rustc_test_library_proc = yes
+rusttestlib-macros: $(srctree)/rust/macros/lib.rs rusttest-prepare FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,rustc_test_library)
+
+quiet_cmd_rustdoc_test = RUSTDOC T $<
+      cmd_rustdoc_test = \
+	OBJTREE=$(abspath $(objtree)) \
+	$(RUSTDOC) --test $(filter-out --sysroot=%, $(filter-out -Cpanic=abort, $(filter-out --emit=%, $(rust_flags)))) \
+		$(rustc_target_flags) $(rustdoc_test_target_flags) \
+		--sysroot $(objtree)/rust/test/sysroot $(rustdoc_test_quiet) \
+		-L $(objtree)/rust/test \
+		--output $(objtree)/rust/doc --crate-name $(subst rusttest-,,$@) \
+		@$(objtree)/include/generated/rustc_cfg $<
+
+# We cannot use `-Zpanic-abort-tests` because some tests are dynamic,
+# so for the moment we skip `-Cpanic=abort`.
+quiet_cmd_rustc_test = RUSTC T  $<
+      cmd_rustc_test = \
+	OBJTREE=$(abspath $(objtree)) \
+	$(RUSTC) --test $(filter-out --sysroot=%, $(filter-out -Cpanic=abort, $(filter-out --emit=%, $(rust_flags)))) \
+		$(rustc_target_flags) --out-dir $(objtree)/rust/test \
+		--sysroot $(objtree)/rust/test/sysroot \
+		-L $(objtree)/rust/test/ --crate-name $(subst rusttest-,,$@) $<; \
+	$(objtree)/rust/test/$(subst rusttest-,,$@) $(rust_test_quiet) \
+		$(rustc_test_run_flags)
+
+rusttest: rusttest-macros rusttest-kernel
+
+# This prepares a custom sysroot with our custom `alloc` instead of
+# the standard one.
+#
+# This requires several hacks:
+#   - Unlike `core` and `alloc`, `std` depends on more than a dozen crates,
+#     including third-party crates that need to be downloaded, plus custom
+#     `build.rs` steps. Thus hardcoding things here is not maintainable.
+#   - `cargo` knows how to build the standard library, but it is an unstable
+#     feature so far (`-Zbuild-std`).
+#   - `cargo` only considers the use case of building the standard library
+#     to use it in a given package. Thus we need to create a dummy package
+#     and pick the generated libraries from there.
+#   - Since we only keep a subset of upstream `alloc` in-tree, we need
+#     to recreate it on the fly by putting our sources on top.
+#   - The usual ways of modifying the dependency graph in `cargo` do not seem
+#     to apply for the `-Zbuild-std` steps, thus we have to mislead it
+#     by modifying the sources in the sysroot.
+#   - To avoid messing with the user's Rust installation, we create a clone
+#     of the sysroot. However, `cargo` ignores `RUSTFLAGS` in the `-Zbuild-std`
+#     steps, thus we use a wrapper binary passed via `RUSTC` to pass the flag.
+#
+# In the future, we hope to avoid the whole ordeal by either:
+#   - Making the `test` crate not depend on `std` (either improving upstream
+#     or having our own custom crate).
+#   - Making the tests run in kernel space (requires the previous point).
+#   - Making `std` and friends be more like a "normal" crate, so that
+#     `-Zbuild-std` and related hacks are not needed.
+quiet_cmd_rustsysroot = RUSTSYSROOT
+      cmd_rustsysroot = \
+	rm -rf $(objtree)/rust/test; \
+	mkdir -p $(objtree)/rust/test; \
+	cp -a $(rustc_sysroot) $(objtree)/rust/test/sysroot; \
+	cp -r $(srctree)/rust/alloc/* \
+		$(objtree)/rust/test/sysroot/lib/rustlib/src/rust/library/alloc/src; \
+	echo '\#!/bin/sh' > $(objtree)/rust/test/rustc_sysroot; \
+	echo "$(RUSTC) --sysroot=$(abspath $(objtree)/rust/test/sysroot) \"\$$@\"" \
+		>> $(objtree)/rust/test/rustc_sysroot; \
+	chmod u+x $(objtree)/rust/test/rustc_sysroot; \
+	$(CARGO) -q new $(objtree)/rust/test/dummy; \
+	RUSTC=$(objtree)/rust/test/rustc_sysroot $(CARGO) $(cargo_quiet) \
+		test -Zbuild-std --target $(rustc_host_target) \
+		--manifest-path $(objtree)/rust/test/dummy/Cargo.toml; \
+	rm $(objtree)/rust/test/sysroot/lib/rustlib/$(rustc_host_target)/lib/*; \
+	cp $(objtree)/rust/test/dummy/target/$(rustc_host_target)/debug/deps/* \
+		$(objtree)/rust/test/sysroot/lib/rustlib/$(rustc_host_target)/lib
+
+rusttest-prepare: FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,rustsysroot)
+
+rusttest-macros: private rustc_target_flags = --extern proc_macro
+rusttest-macros: private rustdoc_test_target_flags = --crate-type proc-macro
+rusttest-macros: $(srctree)/rust/macros/lib.rs rusttest-prepare FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,rustc_test)
+	$(call if_changed,rustdoc_test)
+
+rusttest-kernel: private rustc_target_flags = --extern alloc \
+    --extern build_error --extern macros
+rusttest-kernel: private rustc_test_run_flags = \
+    --skip bindgen_test_layout_
+rusttest-kernel: $(srctree)/rust/kernel/lib.rs rusttest-prepare \
+    rusttestlib-build_error rusttestlib-macros FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,rustc_test)
+	$(call if_changed,rustc_test_library)
+	$(call if_changed,rustdoc_test)
+
+ifdef CONFIG_CC_IS_CLANG
+bindgen_c_flags = $(c_flags)
+else
+# bindgen relies on libclang to parse C. Ideally, bindgen would support a GCC
+# plugin backend and/or the Clang driver would be perfectly compatible with GCC.
+#
+# For the moment, here we are tweaking the flags on the fly. This is a hack,
+# and some kernel configurations may not work (e.g. `GCC_PLUGIN_RANDSTRUCT`
+# if we end up using one of those structs).
+bindgen_skip_c_flags := -mno-fp-ret-in-387 -mpreferred-stack-boundary=% \
+	-mskip-rax-setup -mgeneral-regs-only -msign-return-address=% \
+	-mindirect-branch=thunk-extern -mindirect-branch-register -mrecord-mcount \
+	-mabi=lp64 -mstack-protector-guard% -mtraceback=no \
+	-mno-pointers-to-nested-functions -mno-string -mno-strict-align \
+	-fconserve-stack -falign-jumps=% -falign-loops=% \
+	-femit-struct-debug-baseonly -fno-ipa-cp-clone -fno-ipa-sra \
+	-fno-partial-inlining -fplugin-arg-arm_ssp_per_task_plugin-% \
+	-fno-reorder-blocks -fno-allow-store-data-races -fasan-shadow-offset=% \
+	-Wno-packed-not-aligned -Wno-format-truncation -Wno-format-overflow \
+	-Wno-stringop-truncation -Wno-unused-but-set-variable \
+	-Wno-stringop-overflow -Wno-restrict -Wno-maybe-uninitialized \
+	-Werror=designated-init -Wno-zero-length-bounds -Wimplicit-fallthrough=% \
+	-Wno-alloc-size-larger-than \
+	--param=% --param asan-%
+
+# Derived from `scripts/Makefile.clang`
+BINDGEN_TARGET_arm	:= arm-linux-gnueabi
+BINDGEN_TARGET_arm64	:= aarch64-linux-gnu
+BINDGEN_TARGET_powerpc	:= powerpc64le-linux-gnu
+BINDGEN_TARGET_riscv	:= riscv64-linux-gnu
+BINDGEN_TARGET_x86	:= x86_64-linux-gnu
+BINDGEN_TARGET		:= $(BINDGEN_TARGET_$(SRCARCH))
+
+bindgen_extra_c_flags = --target=$(BINDGEN_TARGET) \
+	-Wno-address-of-packed-member \
+	-Wno-gnu-variable-sized-type-not-at-end
+bindgen_c_flags = $(filter-out $(bindgen_skip_c_flags), $(c_flags)) \
+	$(bindgen_extra_c_flags)
+endif
+
+ifdef CONFIG_LTO
+bindgen_c_flags_lto = $(filter-out $(CC_FLAGS_LTO), $(bindgen_c_flags))
+else
+bindgen_c_flags_lto = $(bindgen_c_flags)
+endif
+
+# To avoid several recompilations in PowerPC, which inserts `-D_TASK_CPU`
+bindgen_c_flags_final = $(filter-out -D_TASK_CPU=%, $(bindgen_c_flags_lto))
+
+quiet_cmd_bindgen = BINDGEN $@
+      cmd_bindgen = \
+	$(BINDGEN) $< $(shell grep -v '^\#\|^$$' $(srctree)/rust/bindgen_parameters) \
+		--use-core --with-derive-default --ctypes-prefix c_types \
+		--no-debug '.*' \
+		--size_t-is-usize -o $@ -- $(bindgen_c_flags_final) -DMODULE
+
+$(objtree)/rust/bindings_generated.rs: $(srctree)/rust/kernel/bindings_helper.h \
+	$(srctree)/rust/bindgen_parameters FORCE
+	$(call if_changed_dep,bindgen)
+
+quiet_cmd_bindgen_helper = BINDGEN $@
+      cmd_bindgen_helper = \
+	$(BINDGEN) $< --blacklist-type '.*' --whitelist-var '' \
+		--whitelist-function 'rust_helper_.*' \
+		--use-core --with-derive-default --ctypes-prefix c_types \
+		--no-debug '.*' \
+		--size_t-is-usize -o $@ -- $(bindgen_c_flags_final) \
+		-I$(objtree)/rust/ -DMODULE; \
+	sed -Ei 's/pub fn rust_helper_([a-zA-Z0-9_]*)/\#[link_name="rust_helper_\1"]\n    pub fn \1/g' $@
+
+$(objtree)/rust/bindings_helpers_generated.rs: $(srctree)/rust/helpers.c FORCE
+	$(call if_changed_dep,bindgen_helper)
+
+quiet_cmd_exports = EXPORTS $@
+      cmd_exports = \
+	$(NM) -p --defined-only $< \
+		| grep -E ' (T|R|D) ' | cut -d ' ' -f 3 \
+		| xargs -Isymbol \
+		echo 'EXPORT_SYMBOL_RUST_GPL(symbol);' > $@
+
+$(objtree)/rust/exports_core_generated.h: $(objtree)/rust/core.o FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,exports)
+
+$(objtree)/rust/exports_alloc_generated.h: $(objtree)/rust/alloc.o FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,exports)
+
+$(objtree)/rust/exports_kernel_generated.h: $(objtree)/rust/kernel.o FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,exports)
+
+# `-Cpanic=unwind -Cforce-unwind-tables=y` overrides `rust_flags` in order to
+# avoid the https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/82320 rustc crash.
+quiet_cmd_rustc_procmacro = $(RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY_QUIET) P $@
+      cmd_rustc_procmacro = \
+	$(RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY) $(rust_flags) \
+		--emit=dep-info,link --extern proc_macro \
+		-Cpanic=unwind -Cforce-unwind-tables=y \
+		--crate-type proc-macro --out-dir $(objtree)/rust/ \
+		--crate-name $(patsubst lib%.so,%,$(notdir $@)) $<; \
+	mv $(objtree)/rust/$(patsubst lib%.so,%,$(notdir $@)).d $(depfile); \
+	sed -i '/^\#/d' $(depfile)
+
+# Procedural macros can only be used with the `rustc` that compiled it.
+# Therefore, to get `libmacros.so` automatically recompiled when the compiler
+# version changes, we add `core.o` as a dependency (even if it is not needed).
+$(objtree)/rust/libmacros.so: $(srctree)/rust/macros/lib.rs \
+	$(objtree)/rust/core.o FORCE
+	$(call if_changed_dep,rustc_procmacro)
+
+quiet_cmd_rustc_library = $(if $(skip_clippy),RUSTC,$(RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY_QUIET)) L $@
+      cmd_rustc_library = \
+	OBJTREE=$(abspath $(objtree)) \
+	$(if $(skip_clippy),$(RUSTC),$(RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY)) \
+		$(filter-out $(skip_flags),$(rust_flags) $(rust_cross_flags) $(rustc_target_flags)) \
+		--crate-type rlib --out-dir $(objtree)/rust/ -L $(objtree)/rust/ \
+		--crate-name $(patsubst %.o,%,$(notdir $@)) $<; \
+	mv $(objtree)/rust/$(patsubst %.o,%,$(notdir $@)).d $(depfile); \
+	sed -i '/^\#/d' $(depfile) \
+	$(if $(rustc_objcopy),;$(OBJCOPY) $(rustc_objcopy) $@)
+
+# `$(rust_flags)` is passed in case the user added `--sysroot`.
+rustc_sysroot := $(shell $(RUSTC) $(rust_flags) --print sysroot)
+rustc_host_target := $(shell $(RUSTC) --version --verbose | grep -F 'host: ' | cut -d' ' -f2)
+RUST_LIB_SRC ?= $(rustc_sysroot)/lib/rustlib/src/rust/library
+
+rust-analyzer:
+	$(Q)$(srctree)/scripts/generate_rust_analyzer.py $(srctree) $(objtree) $(RUST_LIB_SRC) > $(objtree)/rust-project.json
+
+$(objtree)/rust/compiler_builtins.o: private rustc_objcopy = -w -W '__*'
+$(objtree)/rust/compiler_builtins.o: $(srctree)/rust/compiler_builtins.rs \
+    $(objtree)/rust/core.o FORCE
+	$(call if_changed_dep,rustc_library)
+
+$(objtree)/rust/alloc.o: private skip_clippy = 1
+$(objtree)/rust/alloc.o: private skip_flags = -Dunreachable_pub
+$(objtree)/rust/alloc.o: private rustc_target_flags = $(alloc-cfgs)
+$(objtree)/rust/alloc.o: $(srctree)/rust/alloc/lib.rs \
+    $(objtree)/rust/compiler_builtins.o FORCE
+	$(call if_changed_dep,rustc_library)
+
+$(objtree)/rust/build_error.o: $(srctree)/rust/build_error.rs \
+    $(objtree)/rust/compiler_builtins.o FORCE
+	$(call if_changed_dep,rustc_library)
+
+# ICE on `--extern macros`: https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/56935
+$(objtree)/rust/kernel.o: private rustc_target_flags = --extern alloc \
+    --extern build_error \
+    --extern macros=$(objtree)/rust/libmacros.so
+$(objtree)/rust/kernel.o: $(srctree)/rust/kernel/lib.rs $(objtree)/rust/alloc.o \
+    $(objtree)/rust/build_error.o \
+    $(objtree)/rust/libmacros.so $(objtree)/rust/bindings_generated.rs \
+    $(objtree)/rust/bindings_helpers_generated.rs FORCE
+	$(call if_changed_dep,rustc_library)
+
+$(objtree)/rust/core.o: private skip_clippy = 1
+$(objtree)/rust/core.o: private skip_flags = -Dunreachable_pub --edition=2021
+$(objtree)/rust/core.o: private rustc_target_flags = $(core-cfgs) --edition=2018
+$(objtree)/rust/core.o: $(RUST_LIB_SRC)/core/src/lib.rs FORCE
+	$(call if_changed_dep,rustc_library)
+
+rustdoc-core: private rustc_target_flags = $(core-cfgs)
+rustdoc-core: $(RUST_LIB_SRC)/core/src/lib.rs FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,rustdoc)
+
+endif # CONFIG_RUST
diff --git a/rust/bindgen_parameters b/rust/bindgen_parameters
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c2cc4a88234e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rust/bindgen_parameters
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+--opaque-type xregs_state
+--opaque-type desc_struct
+--opaque-type arch_lbr_state
+--opaque-type local_apic
+
+# If SMP is disabled, `arch_spinlock_t` is defined as a ZST which triggers a Rust
+# warning. We don't need to peek into it anyway.
+--opaque-type spinlock
+
+# `seccomp`'s comment gets understood as a doctest
+--no-doc-comments
diff --git a/scripts/Kconfig.include b/scripts/Kconfig.include
index 0496efd6e117..83e850321eb6 100644
--- a/scripts/Kconfig.include
+++ b/scripts/Kconfig.include
@@ -36,12 +36,12 @@ ld-option = $(success,$(LD) -v $(1))
 as-instr = $(success,printf "%b\n" "$(1)" | $(CC) $(CLANG_FLAGS) -c -x assembler -o /dev/null -)
 
 # check if $(CC) and $(LD) exist
-$(error-if,$(failure,command -v $(CC)),compiler '$(CC)' not found)
+$(error-if,$(failure,command -v $(CC)),C compiler '$(CC)' not found)
 $(error-if,$(failure,command -v $(LD)),linker '$(LD)' not found)
 
-# Get the compiler name, version, and error out if it is not supported.
+# Get the C compiler name, version, and error out if it is not supported.
 cc-info := $(shell,$(srctree)/scripts/cc-version.sh $(CC))
-$(error-if,$(success,test -z "$(cc-info)"),Sorry$(comma) this compiler is not supported.)
+$(error-if,$(success,test -z "$(cc-info)"),Sorry$(comma) this C compiler is not supported.)
 cc-name := $(shell,set -- $(cc-info) && echo $1)
 cc-version := $(shell,set -- $(cc-info) && echo $2)
 
diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.build b/scripts/Makefile.build
index 78656b527fe5..7adac231fafd 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.build
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.build
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@ EXTRA_CPPFLAGS :=
 EXTRA_LDFLAGS  :=
 asflags-y  :=
 ccflags-y  :=
+rustflags-y :=
 cppflags-y :=
 ldflags-y  :=
 
@@ -323,6 +324,27 @@ quiet_cmd_cc_lst_c = MKLST   $@
 $(obj)/%.lst: $(src)/%.c FORCE
 	$(call if_changed_dep,cc_lst_c)
 
+# Compile Rust sources (.rs)
+# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+# Need to use absolute path here and have symbolic links resolved;
+# otherwise rustdoc and rustc compute different hashes for the target.
+rust_cross_flags := --target=$(realpath $(KBUILD_RUST_TARGET))
+
+quiet_cmd_rustc_o_rs = $(RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY_QUIET) $(quiet_modtag) $@
+      cmd_rustc_o_rs = \
+	RUST_MODFILE=$(modfile) \
+	$(RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY) $(rust_flags) $(rust_cross_flags) \
+		-Zallow-features=allocator_api,bench_black_box,concat_idents,generic_associated_types,global_asm \
+		--extern alloc --extern kernel \
+		--crate-type rlib --out-dir $(obj) -L $(objtree)/rust/ \
+		--crate-name $(patsubst %.o,%,$(notdir $@)) $<; \
+	mv $(obj)/$(subst .o,,$(notdir $@)).d $(depfile); \
+	sed -i '/^\#/d' $(depfile)
+
+$(obj)/%.o: $(src)/%.rs FORCE
+	$(call if_changed_dep,rustc_o_rs)
+
 # Compile assembler sources (.S)
 # ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.debug b/scripts/Makefile.debug
index 9f39b0130551..fe87389d52c0 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.debug
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.debug
@@ -1,4 +1,5 @@
 DEBUG_CFLAGS	:=
+DEBUG_RUSTFLAGS	:=
 
 ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_SPLIT
 DEBUG_CFLAGS	+= -gsplit-dwarf
@@ -10,6 +11,12 @@ ifndef CONFIG_AS_IS_LLVM
 KBUILD_AFLAGS	+= -Wa,-gdwarf-2
 endif
 
+ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_REDUCED
+DEBUG_RUSTFLAGS += -Cdebuginfo=1
+else
+DEBUG_RUSTFLAGS += -Cdebuginfo=2
+endif
+
 ifndef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF_TOOLCHAIN_DEFAULT
 dwarf-version-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF4) := 4
 dwarf-version-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF5) := 5
@@ -31,3 +38,6 @@ endif
 
 KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(DEBUG_CFLAGS)
 export DEBUG_CFLAGS
+
+KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS += $(DEBUG_RUSTFLAGS)
+export DEBUG_RUSTFLAGS
diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.lib b/scripts/Makefile.lib
index d1f865b8c0cb..ce6142238835 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.lib
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.lib
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ ldflags-y  += $(EXTRA_LDFLAGS)
 # flags that take effect in current and sub directories
 KBUILD_AFLAGS += $(subdir-asflags-y)
 KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(subdir-ccflags-y)
+KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS += $(subdir-rustflags-y)
 
 # Figure out what we need to build from the various variables
 # ===========================================================================
@@ -133,6 +134,10 @@ _c_flags       = $(filter-out $(CFLAGS_REMOVE_$(target-stem).o), \
                      $(filter-out $(ccflags-remove-y), \
                          $(KBUILD_CPPFLAGS) $(KBUILD_CFLAGS) $(ccflags-y)) \
                      $(CFLAGS_$(target-stem).o))
+_rust_flags    = $(filter-out $(RUSTFLAGS_REMOVE_$(target-stem).o), \
+                     $(filter-out $(rustflags-remove-y), \
+                         $(KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS) $(rustflags-y)) \
+                     $(RUSTFLAGS_$(target-stem).o))
 _a_flags       = $(filter-out $(AFLAGS_REMOVE_$(target-stem).o), \
                      $(filter-out $(asflags-remove-y), \
                          $(KBUILD_CPPFLAGS) $(KBUILD_AFLAGS) $(asflags-y)) \
@@ -202,6 +207,11 @@ modkern_cflags =                                          \
 		$(KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE) $(CFLAGS_MODULE), \
 		$(KBUILD_CFLAGS_KERNEL) $(CFLAGS_KERNEL) $(modfile_flags))
 
+modkern_rustflags =                                              \
+	$(if $(part-of-module),                                   \
+		$(KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS_MODULE) $(RUSTFLAGS_MODULE), \
+		$(KBUILD_RUSTFLAGS_KERNEL) $(RUSTFLAGS_KERNEL))
+
 modkern_aflags = $(if $(part-of-module),				\
 			$(KBUILD_AFLAGS_MODULE) $(AFLAGS_MODULE),	\
 			$(KBUILD_AFLAGS_KERNEL) $(AFLAGS_KERNEL))
@@ -211,6 +221,8 @@ c_flags        = -Wp,-MMD,$(depfile) $(NOSTDINC_FLAGS) $(LINUXINCLUDE)     \
 		 $(_c_flags) $(modkern_cflags)                           \
 		 $(basename_flags) $(modname_flags)
 
+rust_flags     = $(_rust_flags) $(modkern_rustflags) @$(objtree)/include/generated/rustc_cfg
+
 a_flags        = -Wp,-MMD,$(depfile) $(NOSTDINC_FLAGS) $(LINUXINCLUDE)     \
 		 $(_a_flags) $(modkern_aflags)
 
diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.modfinal b/scripts/Makefile.modfinal
index 7f39599e9fae..0518b6d3e620 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.modfinal
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.modfinal
@@ -39,11 +39,13 @@ quiet_cmd_ld_ko_o = LD [M]  $@
 
 quiet_cmd_btf_ko = BTF [M] $@
       cmd_btf_ko = 							\
-	if [ -f vmlinux ]; then						\
+	if [ ! -f vmlinux ]; then					\
+		printf "Skipping BTF generation for %s due to unavailability of vmlinux\n" $@ 1>&2; \
+	elif $(srctree)/scripts/is_rust_module.sh $@; then 		\
+		printf "Skipping BTF generation for %s because it's a Rust module\n" $@ 1>&2; \
+	else								\
 		LLVM_OBJCOPY="$(OBJCOPY)" $(PAHOLE) -J $(PAHOLE_FLAGS) --btf_base vmlinux $@; \
 		$(RESOLVE_BTFIDS) -b vmlinux $@; 			\
-	else								\
-		printf "Skipping BTF generation for %s due to unavailability of vmlinux\n" $@ 1>&2; \
 	fi;
 
 # Same as newer-prereqs, but allows to exclude specified extra dependencies
diff --git a/scripts/cc-version.sh b/scripts/cc-version.sh
index f1952c522466..2401c86fcf53 100755
--- a/scripts/cc-version.sh
+++ b/scripts/cc-version.sh
@@ -1,13 +1,13 @@
 #!/bin/sh
 # SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
 #
-# Print the compiler name and its version in a 5 or 6-digit form.
+# Print the C compiler name and its version in a 5 or 6-digit form.
 # Also, perform the minimum version check.
 
 set -e
 
-# Print the compiler name and some version components.
-get_compiler_info()
+# Print the C compiler name and some version components.
+get_c_compiler_info()
 {
 	cat <<- EOF | "$@" -E -P -x c - 2>/dev/null
 	#if defined(__clang__)
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@ get_canonical_version()
 
 # $@ instead of $1 because multiple words might be given, e.g. CC="ccache gcc".
 orig_args="$@"
-set -- $(get_compiler_info "$@")
+set -- $(get_c_compiler_info "$@")
 
 name=$1
 
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@ ICC)
 	min_version=$($min_tool_version icc)
 	;;
 *)
-	echo "$orig_args: unknown compiler" >&2
+	echo "$orig_args: unknown C compiler" >&2
 	exit 1
 	;;
 esac
@@ -62,7 +62,7 @@ min_cversion=$(get_canonical_version $min_version)
 
 if [ "$cversion" -lt "$min_cversion" ]; then
 	echo >&2 "***"
-	echo >&2 "*** Compiler is too old."
+	echo >&2 "*** C compiler is too old."
 	echo >&2 "***   Your $name version:    $version"
 	echo >&2 "***   Minimum $name version: $min_version"
 	echo >&2 "***"
diff --git a/scripts/is_rust_module.sh b/scripts/is_rust_module.sh
new file mode 100755
index 000000000000..ff24d9c16f09
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/is_rust_module.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,19 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#
+# is_rust_module.sh MOD.ko
+#
+# Returns 0 if MOD.ko is a rust module, 1 otherwise.
+
+set -e
+module="$*"
+
+while IFS= read -r line
+do
+  # Any symbol beginning with "_R" is a v0 mangled rust symbol
+  if [[ $line =~ ^[0-9a-fA-F]+[[:space:]]+[uUtTrR][[:space:]]+_R[^[:space:]]+$ ]]; then
+    exit 0
+  fi
+done < <(nm "$module")
+
+exit 1
diff --git a/scripts/kconfig/confdata.c b/scripts/kconfig/confdata.c
index 42bc56ee238c..9225234f0e4c 100644
--- a/scripts/kconfig/confdata.c
+++ b/scripts/kconfig/confdata.c
@@ -216,6 +216,13 @@ static const char *conf_get_autoheader_name(void)
 	return name ? name : "include/generated/autoconf.h";
 }
 
+static const char *conf_get_rustccfg_name(void)
+{
+	char *name = getenv("KCONFIG_RUSTCCFG");
+
+	return name ? name : "include/generated/rustc_cfg";
+}
+
 static int conf_set_sym_val(struct symbol *sym, int def, int def_flags, char *p)
 {
 	char *p2;
@@ -603,6 +610,9 @@ static const struct comment_style comment_style_c = {
 
 static void conf_write_heading(FILE *fp, const struct comment_style *cs)
 {
+	if (!cs)
+		return;
+
 	fprintf(fp, "%s\n", cs->prefix);
 
 	fprintf(fp, "%s Automatically generated file; DO NOT EDIT.\n",
@@ -750,6 +760,65 @@ static void print_symbol_for_c(FILE *fp, struct symbol *sym)
 	free(escaped);
 }
 
+static void print_symbol_for_rustccfg(FILE *fp, struct symbol *sym)
+{
+	const char *val;
+	const char *val_prefix = "";
+	char *val_prefixed = NULL;
+	size_t val_prefixed_len;
+	char *escaped = NULL;
+
+	if (sym->type == S_UNKNOWN)
+		return;
+
+	val = sym_get_string_value(sym);
+
+	switch (sym->type) {
+	case S_BOOLEAN:
+	case S_TRISTATE:
+		/*
+		 * We do not care about disabled ones, i.e. no need for
+		 * what otherwise are "comments" in other printers.
+		 */
+		if (*val == 'n')
+			return;
+
+		/*
+		 * To have similar functionality to the C macro `IS_ENABLED()`
+		 * we provide an empty `--cfg CONFIG_X` here in both `y`
+		 * and `m` cases.
+		 *
+		 * Then, the common `fprintf()` below will also give us
+		 * a `--cfg CONFIG_X="y"` or `--cfg CONFIG_X="m"`, which can
+		 * be used as the equivalent of `IS_BUILTIN()`/`IS_MODULE()`.
+		 */
+		fprintf(fp, "--cfg=%s%s\n", CONFIG_, sym->name);
+		break;
+	case S_HEX:
+		if (val[0] != '0' || (val[1] != 'x' && val[1] != 'X'))
+			val_prefix = "0x";
+		break;
+	default:
+		break;
+	}
+
+	if (strlen(val_prefix) > 0) {
+		val_prefixed_len = strlen(val) + strlen(val_prefix) + 1;
+		val_prefixed = xmalloc(val_prefixed_len);
+		snprintf(val_prefixed, val_prefixed_len, "%s%s", val_prefix, val);
+		val = val_prefixed;
+	}
+
+	/* All values get escaped: the `--cfg` option only takes strings */
+	escaped = escape_string_value(val);
+	val = escaped;
+
+	fprintf(fp, "--cfg=%s%s=%s\n", CONFIG_, sym->name, val);
+
+	free(escaped);
+	free(val_prefixed);
+}
+
 /*
  * Write out a minimal config.
  * All values that has default values are skipped as this is redundant.
@@ -1129,6 +1198,12 @@ int conf_write_autoconf(int overwrite)
 	if (ret)
 		return ret;
 
+	ret = __conf_write_autoconf(conf_get_rustccfg_name(),
+				    print_symbol_for_rustccfg,
+				    NULL);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
 	/*
 	 * Create include/config/auto.conf. This must be the last step because
 	 * Kbuild has a dependency on auto.conf and this marks the successful
diff --git a/scripts/min-tool-version.sh b/scripts/min-tool-version.sh
index 4edc708baa63..05c95710d7e3 100755
--- a/scripts/min-tool-version.sh
+++ b/scripts/min-tool-version.sh
@@ -31,6 +31,12 @@ llvm)
 		echo 10.0.1
 	fi
 	;;
+rustc)
+	echo 1.58.0
+	;;
+bindgen)
+	echo 0.56.0
+	;;
 *)
 	echo "$1: unknown tool" >&2
 	exit 1
diff --git a/scripts/rust-is-available-bindgen-libclang.h b/scripts/rust-is-available-bindgen-libclang.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0ef6db10d674
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/rust-is-available-bindgen-libclang.h
@@ -0,0 +1,2 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#pragma message("clang version " __clang_version__)
diff --git a/scripts/rust-is-available.sh b/scripts/rust-is-available.sh
new file mode 100755
index 000000000000..1522e854858f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/rust-is-available.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,159 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#
+# Tests whether a suitable Rust toolchain is available.
+#
+# Pass `-v` for human output and more checks (as warnings).
+
+set -e
+
+min_tool_version=$(dirname $0)/min-tool-version.sh
+
+# Convert the version string x.y.z to a canonical up-to-7-digits form.
+#
+# Note that this function uses one more digit (compared to other
+# instances in other version scripts) to give a bit more space to
+# `rustc` since it will reach 1.100.0 in late 2026.
+get_canonical_version()
+{
+	IFS=.
+	set -- $1
+	echo $((100000 * $1 + 100 * $2 + $3))
+}
+
+# Check that the Rust compiler exists.
+if ! command -v "$RUSTC" >/dev/null; then
+	if [ "$1" = -v ]; then
+		echo >&2 "***"
+		echo >&2 "*** Rust compiler '$RUSTC' could not be found."
+		echo >&2 "***"
+	fi
+	exit 1
+fi
+
+# Check that the Rust bindings generator exists.
+if ! command -v "$BINDGEN" >/dev/null; then
+	if [ "$1" = -v ]; then
+		echo >&2 "***"
+		echo >&2 "*** Rust bindings generator '$BINDGEN' could not be found."
+		echo >&2 "***"
+	fi
+	exit 1
+fi
+
+# Check that the Rust compiler version is suitable.
+#
+# Non-stable and distributions' versions may have a version suffix, e.g. `-dev`.
+rust_compiler_version=$( \
+	LC_ALL=C "$RUSTC" --version 2>/dev/null \
+		| head -n 1 \
+		| grep -oE '[0-9]+\.[0-9]+\.[0-9]+' \
+)
+rust_compiler_min_version=$($min_tool_version rustc)
+rust_compiler_cversion=$(get_canonical_version $rust_compiler_version)
+rust_compiler_min_cversion=$(get_canonical_version $rust_compiler_min_version)
+if [ "$rust_compiler_cversion" -lt "$rust_compiler_min_cversion" ]; then
+	if [ "$1" = -v ]; then
+		echo >&2 "***"
+		echo >&2 "*** Rust compiler '$RUSTC' is too old."
+		echo >&2 "***   Your version:    $rust_compiler_version"
+		echo >&2 "***   Minimum version: $rust_compiler_min_version"
+		echo >&2 "***"
+	fi
+	exit 1
+fi
+if [ "$1" = -v ] && [ "$rust_compiler_cversion" -gt "$rust_compiler_min_cversion" ]; then
+	echo >&2 "***"
+	echo >&2 "*** Rust compiler '$RUSTC' is too new. This may or may not work."
+	echo >&2 "***   Your version:     $rust_compiler_version"
+	echo >&2 "***   Expected version: $rust_compiler_min_version"
+	echo >&2 "***"
+fi
+
+# Check that the Rust bindings generator is suitable.
+#
+# Non-stable and distributions' versions may have a version suffix, e.g. `-dev`.
+rust_bindings_generator_version=$( \
+	LC_ALL=C "$BINDGEN" --version 2>/dev/null \
+		| head -n 1 \
+		| grep -oE '[0-9]+\.[0-9]+\.[0-9]+' \
+)
+rust_bindings_generator_min_version=$($min_tool_version bindgen)
+rust_bindings_generator_cversion=$(get_canonical_version $rust_bindings_generator_version)
+rust_bindings_generator_min_cversion=$(get_canonical_version $rust_bindings_generator_min_version)
+if [ "$rust_bindings_generator_cversion" -lt "$rust_bindings_generator_min_cversion" ]; then
+	if [ "$1" = -v ]; then
+		echo >&2 "***"
+		echo >&2 "*** Rust bindings generator '$BINDGEN' is too old."
+		echo >&2 "***   Your version:    $rust_bindings_generator_version"
+		echo >&2 "***   Minimum version: $rust_bindings_generator_min_version"
+		echo >&2 "***"
+	fi
+	exit 1
+fi
+if [ "$1" = -v ] && [ "$rust_bindings_generator_cversion" -gt "$rust_bindings_generator_min_cversion" ]; then
+	echo >&2 "***"
+	echo >&2 "*** Rust bindings generator '$BINDGEN' is too new. This may or may not work."
+	echo >&2 "***   Your version:     $rust_bindings_generator_version"
+	echo >&2 "***   Expected version: $rust_bindings_generator_min_version"
+	echo >&2 "***"
+fi
+
+# Check that the `libclang` used by the Rust bindings generator is suitable.
+bindgen_libclang_version=$( \
+	LC_ALL=C "$BINDGEN" $(dirname $0)/rust-is-available-bindgen-libclang.h 2>&1 >/dev/null \
+		| grep -F 'clang version ' \
+		| grep -oE '[0-9]+\.[0-9]+\.[0-9]+' \
+)
+bindgen_libclang_min_version=$($min_tool_version llvm)
+bindgen_libclang_cversion=$(get_canonical_version $bindgen_libclang_version)
+bindgen_libclang_min_cversion=$(get_canonical_version $bindgen_libclang_min_version)
+if [ "$bindgen_libclang_cversion" -lt "$bindgen_libclang_min_cversion" ]; then
+	if [ "$1" = -v ]; then
+		echo >&2 "***"
+		echo >&2 "*** libclang (used by the Rust bindings generator '$BINDGEN') is too old."
+		echo >&2 "***   Your version:    $bindgen_libclang_version"
+		echo >&2 "***   Minimum version: $bindgen_libclang_min_version"
+		echo >&2 "***"
+	fi
+	exit 1
+fi
+
+# If the C compiler is Clang, then we can also check whether its version
+# matches the `libclang` version used by the Rust bindings generator.
+#
+# In the future, we might be able to perform a full version check, see
+# https://github.com/rust-lang/rust-bindgen/issues/2138.
+if [ "$1" = -v ]; then
+	cc_name=$($(dirname $0)/cc-version.sh "$CC" | cut -f1 -d' ')
+	if [ "$cc_name" = Clang ]; then
+		clang_version=$( \
+			LC_ALL=C "$CC" --version 2>/dev/null \
+				| head -n 1 \
+				| grep -oE '[0-9]+\.[0-9]+\.[0-9]+' \
+		)
+		if [ "$clang_version" != "$bindgen_libclang_version" ]; then
+			echo >&2 "***"
+			echo >&2 "*** libclang (used by the Rust bindings generator '$BINDGEN') version does not match Clang's. This may be a problem."
+			echo >&2 "***   libclang version: $bindgen_libclang_version"
+			echo >&2 "***   Clang version:    $clang_version"
+			echo >&2 "***"
+		fi
+	fi
+fi
+
+# Check that the source code for the `core` standard library exists.
+#
+# `$KRUSTFLAGS` is passed in case the user added `--sysroot`.
+rustc_sysroot=$("$RUSTC" $KRUSTFLAGS --print sysroot)
+rustc_src="$rustc_sysroot/lib/rustlib/src/rust/library"
+rustc_src_core="$rustc_src/core/src/lib.rs"
+if [ ! -e "$rustc_src_core" ]; then
+	if [ "$1" = -v ]; then
+		echo >&2 "***"
+		echo >&2 "*** Source code for the 'core' standard library could not be found"
+		echo >&2 "*** at '$rustc_src_core'."
+		echo >&2 "***"
+	fi
+	exit 1
+fi
-- 
2.34.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 16/19] samples: add Rust examples
  2022-01-17  5:33 [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (12 preceding siblings ...)
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 15/19] Kbuild: add Rust support Miguel Ojeda
@ 2022-01-17  5:33 ` Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 17/19] MAINTAINERS: Rust Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [RFC PATCH v3 18/19] drivers: gpio: PrimeCell PL061 in Rust Miguel Ojeda
  15 siblings, 0 replies; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-17  5:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel,
	Miguel Ojeda, Alex Gaynor, Finn Behrens, Wedson Almeida Filho,
	Sven Van Asbroeck, Gary Guo, Boris-Chengbiao Zhou, Ayaan Zaidi,
	Milan Landaverde

A set of Rust modules that showcase how Rust modules look like
and how to use the abstracted kernel features.

These samples also double as tests in the CI.

The semaphore sample comes with a C version for comparison.

Co-developed-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Finn Behrens <me@kloenk.de>
Signed-off-by: Finn Behrens <me@kloenk.de>
Co-developed-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Co-developed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Co-developed-by: Sven Van Asbroeck <thesven73@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Sven Van Asbroeck <thesven73@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Signed-off-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Co-developed-by: Boris-Chengbiao Zhou <bobo1239@web.de>
Signed-off-by: Boris-Chengbiao Zhou <bobo1239@web.de>
Co-developed-by: Ayaan Zaidi <zaidi.ayaan@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Ayaan Zaidi <zaidi.ayaan@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Milan Landaverde <milan@mdaverde.com>
Signed-off-by: Milan Landaverde <milan@mdaverde.com>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
 samples/Kconfig                        |   2 +
 samples/Makefile                       |   1 +
 samples/rust/Kconfig                   | 123 ++++++++++++++
 samples/rust/Makefile                  |  13 ++
 samples/rust/rust_chrdev.rs            |  53 +++++++
 samples/rust/rust_minimal.rs           |  38 +++++
 samples/rust/rust_miscdev.rs           | 147 +++++++++++++++++
 samples/rust/rust_module_parameters.rs |  72 +++++++++
 samples/rust/rust_platform.rs          |  25 +++
 samples/rust/rust_print.rs             |  57 +++++++
 samples/rust/rust_random.rs            |  64 ++++++++
 samples/rust/rust_semaphore.rs         | 175 ++++++++++++++++++++
 samples/rust/rust_semaphore_c.c        | 212 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 samples/rust/rust_stack_probing.rs     |  40 +++++
 samples/rust/rust_sync.rs              |  81 ++++++++++
 15 files changed, 1103 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/Kconfig
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/Makefile
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_chrdev.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_minimal.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_miscdev.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_module_parameters.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_platform.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_print.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_random.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_semaphore.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_semaphore_c.c
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_stack_probing.rs
 create mode 100644 samples/rust/rust_sync.rs

diff --git a/samples/Kconfig b/samples/Kconfig
index 43d2e9aa557f..a3a5166837b1 100644
--- a/samples/Kconfig
+++ b/samples/Kconfig
@@ -241,6 +241,8 @@ config SAMPLE_WATCH_QUEUE
 	  Build example userspace program to use the new mount_notify(),
 	  sb_notify() syscalls and the KEYCTL_WATCH_KEY keyctl() function.
 
+source "samples/rust/Kconfig"
+
 endif # SAMPLES
 
 config HAVE_SAMPLE_FTRACE_DIRECT
diff --git a/samples/Makefile b/samples/Makefile
index 4bcd6b93bffa..d66f49a9f080 100644
--- a/samples/Makefile
+++ b/samples/Makefile
@@ -32,3 +32,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_INTEL_MEI)		+= mei/
 subdir-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_WATCHDOG)	+= watchdog
 subdir-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_WATCH_QUEUE)	+= watch_queue
 obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_KMEMLEAK_TEST)	+= kmemleak/
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLES_RUST)		+= rust/
diff --git a/samples/rust/Kconfig b/samples/rust/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e234be7c341c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/rust/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,123 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+menuconfig SAMPLES_RUST
+	bool "Rust samples"
+	depends on RUST
+	help
+	  You can build sample Rust kernel code here.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
+if SAMPLES_RUST
+
+config SAMPLE_RUST_MINIMAL
+	tristate "Minimal"
+	help
+	  This option builds the Rust minimal module sample.
+
+	  To compile this as a module, choose M here:
+	  the module will be called rust_minimal.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
+config SAMPLE_RUST_PRINT
+	tristate "Printing macros"
+	help
+	  This option builds the Rust printing macros sample.
+
+	  To compile this as a module, choose M here:
+	  the module will be called rust_print.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
+config SAMPLE_RUST_MODULE_PARAMETERS
+	tristate "Module parameters"
+	help
+	  This option builds the Rust module parameters sample.
+
+	  To compile this as a module, choose M here:
+	  the module will be called rust_module_parameters.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
+config SAMPLE_RUST_SYNC
+	tristate "Synchronisation primitives"
+	help
+	  This option builds the Rust synchronisation primitives sample.
+
+	  To compile this as a module, choose M here:
+	  the module will be called rust_sync.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
+config SAMPLE_RUST_CHRDEV
+	tristate "Character device"
+	help
+	  This option builds the Rust character device sample.
+
+	  To compile this as a module, choose M here:
+	  the module will be called rust_chrdev.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
+config SAMPLE_RUST_MISCDEV
+	tristate "Miscellaneous device"
+	help
+	  This option builds the Rust miscellaneous device sample.
+
+	  To compile this as a module, choose M here:
+	  the module will be called rust_miscdev.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
+config SAMPLE_RUST_STACK_PROBING
+	tristate "Stack probing"
+	help
+	  This option builds the Rust stack probing sample.
+
+	  To compile this as a module, choose M here:
+	  the module will be called rust_stack_probing.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
+config SAMPLE_RUST_SEMAPHORE
+	tristate "Semaphore"
+	help
+	  This option builds the Rust semaphore sample.
+
+	  To compile this as a module, choose M here:
+	  the module will be called rust_semaphore.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
+config SAMPLE_RUST_SEMAPHORE_C
+	tristate "Semaphore (in C, for comparison)"
+	help
+	  This option builds the Rust semaphore sample (in C, for comparison).
+
+	  To compile this as a module, choose M here:
+	  the module will be called rust_semaphore_c.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
+config SAMPLE_RUST_RANDOM
+	tristate "Random"
+	help
+	  This option builds the Rust random sample.
+
+	  To compile this as a module, choose M here:
+	  the module will be called rust_random.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
+config SAMPLE_RUST_PLATFORM
+	tristate "Platform device driver"
+	help
+	  This option builds the Rust platform device driver sample.
+
+	  To compile this as a module, choose M here:
+	  the module will be called rust_platform.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
+endif # SAMPLES_RUST
diff --git a/samples/rust/Makefile b/samples/rust/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..96ffeb7d334a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/rust/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_RUST_MINIMAL)		+= rust_minimal.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_RUST_PRINT)			+= rust_print.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_RUST_MODULE_PARAMETERS)	+= rust_module_parameters.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_RUST_SYNC)			+= rust_sync.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_RUST_CHRDEV)		+= rust_chrdev.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_RUST_MISCDEV)		+= rust_miscdev.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_RUST_STACK_PROBING)		+= rust_stack_probing.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_RUST_SEMAPHORE)		+= rust_semaphore.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_RUST_SEMAPHORE_C)		+= rust_semaphore_c.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_RUST_RANDOM)		+= rust_random.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_RUST_PLATFORM)		+= rust_platform.o
diff --git a/samples/rust/rust_chrdev.rs b/samples/rust/rust_chrdev.rs
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ea2635ee23ed
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/rust/rust_chrdev.rs
@@ -0,0 +1,53 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+//! Rust character device sample
+
+#![no_std]
+#![feature(allocator_api, global_asm)]
+
+use kernel::prelude::*;
+use kernel::{chrdev, file, file_operations::FileOperations};
+
+module! {
+    type: RustChrdev,
+    name: b"rust_chrdev",
+    author: b"Rust for Linux Contributors",
+    description: b"Rust character device sample",
+    license: b"GPL v2",
+}
+
+struct RustFile;
+
+impl FileOperations for RustFile {
+    kernel::declare_file_operations!();
+
+    fn open(_shared: &(), _file: &file::File) -> Result {
+        Ok(())
+    }
+}
+
+struct RustChrdev {
+    _dev: Pin<Box<chrdev::Registration<2>>>,
+}
+
+impl KernelModule for RustChrdev {
+    fn init(name: &'static CStr, module: &'static ThisModule) -> Result<Self> {
+        pr_info!("Rust character device sample (init)\n");
+
+        let mut chrdev_reg = chrdev::Registration::new_pinned(name, 0, module)?;
+
+        // Register the same kind of device twice, we're just demonstrating
+        // that you can use multiple minors. There are two minors in this case
+        // because its type is `chrdev::Registration<2>`
+        chrdev_reg.as_mut().register::<RustFile>()?;
+        chrdev_reg.as_mut().register::<RustFile>()?;
+
+        Ok(RustChrdev { _dev: chrdev_reg })
+    }
+}
+
+impl Drop for RustChrdev {
+    fn drop(&mut self) {
+        pr_info!("Rust character device sample (exit)\n");
+    }
+}
diff --git a/samples/rust/rust_minimal.rs b/samples/rust/rust_minimal.rs
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..3276dbe8ae94
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/rust/rust_minimal.rs
@@ -0,0 +1,38 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+//! Rust minimal sample
+
+#![no_std]
+#![feature(allocator_api, global_asm)]
+
+use kernel::prelude::*;
+
+module! {
+    type: RustMinimal,
+    name: b"rust_minimal",
+    author: b"Rust for Linux Contributors",
+    description: b"Rust minimal sample",
+    license: b"GPL v2",
+}
+
+struct RustMinimal {
+    message: String,
+}
+
+impl KernelModule for RustMinimal {
+    fn init(_name: &'static CStr, _module: &'static ThisModule) -> Result<Self> {
+        pr_info!("Rust minimal sample (init)\n");
+        pr_info!("Am I built-in? {}\n", !cfg!(MODULE));
+
+        Ok(RustMinimal {
+            message: "on the heap!".try_to_owned()?,
+        })
+    }
+}
+
+impl Drop for RustMinimal {
+    fn drop(&mut self) {
+        pr_info!("My message is {}\n", self.message);
+        pr_info!("Rust minimal sample (exit)\n");
+    }
+}
diff --git a/samples/rust/rust_miscdev.rs b/samples/rust/rust_miscdev.rs
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1064a4caeb4f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/rust/rust_miscdev.rs
@@ -0,0 +1,147 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+//! Rust miscellaneous device sample
+
+#![no_std]
+#![feature(allocator_api, global_asm)]
+
+use kernel::prelude::*;
+use kernel::{
+    file::File,
+    file_operations::FileOperations,
+    io_buffer::{IoBufferReader, IoBufferWriter},
+    miscdev,
+    sync::{CondVar, Mutex, Ref, RefBorrow, UniqueRef},
+};
+
+module! {
+    type: RustMiscdev,
+    name: b"rust_miscdev",
+    author: b"Rust for Linux Contributors",
+    description: b"Rust miscellaneous device sample",
+    license: b"GPL v2",
+}
+
+const MAX_TOKENS: usize = 3;
+
+struct SharedStateInner {
+    token_count: usize,
+}
+
+struct SharedState {
+    state_changed: CondVar,
+    inner: Mutex<SharedStateInner>,
+}
+
+impl SharedState {
+    fn try_new() -> Result<Ref<Self>> {
+        let mut state = Pin::from(UniqueRef::try_new(Self {
+            // SAFETY: `condvar_init!` is called below.
+            state_changed: unsafe { CondVar::new() },
+            // SAFETY: `mutex_init!` is called below.
+            inner: unsafe { Mutex::new(SharedStateInner { token_count: 0 }) },
+        })?);
+
+        // SAFETY: `state_changed` is pinned when `state` is.
+        let pinned = unsafe { state.as_mut().map_unchecked_mut(|s| &mut s.state_changed) };
+        kernel::condvar_init!(pinned, "SharedState::state_changed");
+
+        // SAFETY: `inner` is pinned when `state` is.
+        let pinned = unsafe { state.as_mut().map_unchecked_mut(|s| &mut s.inner) };
+        kernel::mutex_init!(pinned, "SharedState::inner");
+
+        Ok(state.into())
+    }
+}
+
+struct Token;
+impl FileOperations for Token {
+    type Wrapper = Ref<SharedState>;
+    type OpenData = Ref<SharedState>;
+
+    kernel::declare_file_operations!(read, write);
+
+    fn open(shared: &Ref<SharedState>, _file: &File) -> Result<Self::Wrapper> {
+        Ok(shared.clone())
+    }
+
+    fn read(
+        shared: RefBorrow<'_, SharedState>,
+        _: &File,
+        data: &mut impl IoBufferWriter,
+        offset: u64,
+    ) -> Result<usize> {
+        // Succeed if the caller doesn't provide a buffer or if not at the start.
+        if data.is_empty() || offset != 0 {
+            return Ok(0);
+        }
+
+        {
+            let mut inner = shared.inner.lock();
+
+            // Wait until we are allowed to decrement the token count or a signal arrives.
+            while inner.token_count == 0 {
+                if shared.state_changed.wait(&mut inner) {
+                    return Err(Error::EINTR);
+                }
+            }
+
+            // Consume a token.
+            inner.token_count -= 1;
+        }
+
+        // Notify a possible writer waiting.
+        shared.state_changed.notify_all();
+
+        // Write a one-byte 1 to the reader.
+        data.write_slice(&[1u8; 1])?;
+        Ok(1)
+    }
+
+    fn write(
+        shared: RefBorrow<'_, SharedState>,
+        _: &File,
+        data: &mut impl IoBufferReader,
+        _offset: u64,
+    ) -> Result<usize> {
+        {
+            let mut inner = shared.inner.lock();
+
+            // Wait until we are allowed to increment the token count or a signal arrives.
+            while inner.token_count == MAX_TOKENS {
+                if shared.state_changed.wait(&mut inner) {
+                    return Err(Error::EINTR);
+                }
+            }
+
+            // Increment the number of token so that a reader can be released.
+            inner.token_count += 1;
+        }
+
+        // Notify a possible reader waiting.
+        shared.state_changed.notify_all();
+        Ok(data.len())
+    }
+}
+
+struct RustMiscdev {
+    _dev: Pin<Box<miscdev::Registration<Token>>>,
+}
+
+impl KernelModule for RustMiscdev {
+    fn init(name: &'static CStr, _module: &'static ThisModule) -> Result<Self> {
+        pr_info!("Rust miscellaneous device sample (init)\n");
+
+        let state = SharedState::try_new()?;
+
+        Ok(RustMiscdev {
+            _dev: miscdev::Registration::new_pinned(name, None, state)?,
+        })
+    }
+}
+
+impl Drop for RustMiscdev {
+    fn drop(&mut self) {
+        pr_info!("Rust miscellaneous device sample (exit)\n");
+    }
+}
diff --git a/samples/rust/rust_module_parameters.rs b/samples/rust/rust_module_parameters.rs
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5e4c39648010
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/rust/rust_module_parameters.rs
@@ -0,0 +1,72 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+//! Rust module parameters sample
+
+#![no_std]
+#![feature(allocator_api, global_asm)]
+
+use kernel::prelude::*;
+
+module! {
+    type: RustModuleParameters,
+    name: b"rust_module_parameters",
+    author: b"Rust for Linux Contributors",
+    description: b"Rust module parameters sample",
+    license: b"GPL v2",
+    params: {
+        my_bool: bool {
+            default: true,
+            permissions: 0,
+            description: b"Example of bool",
+        },
+        my_i32: i32 {
+            default: 42,
+            permissions: 0o644,
+            description: b"Example of i32",
+        },
+        my_str: str {
+            default: b"default str val",
+            permissions: 0o644,
+            description: b"Example of a string param",
+        },
+        my_usize: usize {
+            default: 42,
+            permissions: 0o644,
+            description: b"Example of usize",
+        },
+        my_array: ArrayParam<i32, 3> {
+            default: [0, 1],
+            permissions: 0,
+            description: b"Example of array",
+        },
+    },
+}
+
+struct RustModuleParameters;
+
+impl KernelModule for RustModuleParameters {
+    fn init(_name: &'static CStr, module: &'static ThisModule) -> Result<Self> {
+        pr_info!("Rust module parameters sample (init)\n");
+
+        {
+            let lock = module.kernel_param_lock();
+            pr_info!("Parameters:\n");
+            pr_info!("  my_bool:    {}\n", my_bool.read());
+            pr_info!("  my_i32:     {}\n", my_i32.read(&lock));
+            pr_info!(
+                "  my_str:     {}\n",
+                core::str::from_utf8(my_str.read(&lock))?
+            );
+            pr_info!("  my_usize:   {}\n", my_usize.read(&lock));
+            pr_info!("  my_array:   {:?}\n", my_array.read());
+        }
+
+        Ok(RustModuleParameters)
+    }
+}
+
+impl Drop for RustModuleParameters {
+    fn drop(&mut self) {
+        pr_info!("Rust module parameters sample (exit)\n");
+    }
+}
diff --git a/samples/rust/rust_platform.rs b/samples/rust/rust_platform.rs
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..43ff1694a278
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/rust/rust_platform.rs
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+//! Rust platform device driver sample.
+
+#![no_std]
+#![feature(allocator_api, global_asm)]
+
+use kernel::{module_platform_driver, of, platform, prelude::*};
+
+module_platform_driver! {
+    type: Driver,
+    name: b"rust_platform",
+    license: b"GPL v2",
+}
+
+struct Driver;
+impl platform::Driver for Driver {
+    kernel::define_of_id_table! {(), [
+        (of::DeviceId::Compatible(b"rust,sample"), None),
+    ]}
+
+    fn probe(_dev: &mut platform::Device, _id_info: Option<&Self::IdInfo>) -> Result {
+        Ok(())
+    }
+}
diff --git a/samples/rust/rust_print.rs b/samples/rust/rust_print.rs
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1b4d14a2d9cc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/rust/rust_print.rs
@@ -0,0 +1,57 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+//! Rust printing macros sample
+
+#![no_std]
+#![feature(allocator_api, global_asm)]
+
+use kernel::prelude::*;
+use kernel::{pr_cont, str::CStr, ThisModule};
+
+module! {
+    type: RustPrint,
+    name: b"rust_print",
+    author: b"Rust for Linux Contributors",
+    description: b"Rust printing macros sample",
+    license: b"GPL v2",
+}
+
+struct RustPrint;
+
+impl KernelModule for RustPrint {
+    fn init(_name: &'static CStr, _module: &'static ThisModule) -> Result<Self> {
+        pr_info!("Rust printing macros sample (init)\n");
+
+        pr_emerg!("Emergency message (level 0) without args\n");
+        pr_alert!("Alert message (level 1) without args\n");
+        pr_crit!("Critical message (level 2) without args\n");
+        pr_err!("Error message (level 3) without args\n");
+        pr_warn!("Warning message (level 4) without args\n");
+        pr_notice!("Notice message (level 5) without args\n");
+        pr_info!("Info message (level 6) without args\n");
+
+        pr_info!("A line that");
+        pr_cont!(" is continued");
+        pr_cont!(" without args\n");
+
+        pr_emerg!("{} message (level {}) with args\n", "Emergency", 0);
+        pr_alert!("{} message (level {}) with args\n", "Alert", 1);
+        pr_crit!("{} message (level {}) with args\n", "Critical", 2);
+        pr_err!("{} message (level {}) with args\n", "Error", 3);
+        pr_warn!("{} message (level {}) with args\n", "Warning", 4);
+        pr_notice!("{} message (level {}) with args\n", "Notice", 5);
+        pr_info!("{} message (level {}) with args\n", "Info", 6);
+
+        pr_info!("A {} that", "line");
+        pr_cont!(" is {}", "continued");
+        pr_cont!(" with {}\n", "args");
+
+        Ok(RustPrint)
+    }
+}
+
+impl Drop for RustPrint {
+    fn drop(&mut self) {
+        pr_info!("Rust printing macros sample (exit)\n");
+    }
+}
diff --git a/samples/rust/rust_random.rs b/samples/rust/rust_random.rs
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5dec88291f81
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/rust/rust_random.rs
@@ -0,0 +1,64 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+//! Rust random device
+//!
+//! Adapted from Alex Gaynor's original available at
+//! <https://github.com/alex/just-use/blob/master/src/lib.rs>.
+
+#![no_std]
+#![feature(allocator_api, global_asm)]
+
+use kernel::{
+    file::File,
+    file_operations::FileOperations,
+    io_buffer::{IoBufferReader, IoBufferWriter},
+    prelude::*,
+};
+
+struct RandomFile;
+
+impl FileOperations for RandomFile {
+    kernel::declare_file_operations!(read, write, read_iter, write_iter);
+
+    fn open(_data: &(), _file: &File) -> Result {
+        Ok(())
+    }
+
+    fn read(_this: (), file: &File, buf: &mut impl IoBufferWriter, _: u64) -> Result<usize> {
+        let total_len = buf.len();
+        let mut chunkbuf = [0; 256];
+
+        while !buf.is_empty() {
+            let len = chunkbuf.len().min(buf.len());
+            let chunk = &mut chunkbuf[0..len];
+
+            if file.is_blocking() {
+                kernel::random::getrandom(chunk)?;
+            } else {
+                kernel::random::getrandom_nonblock(chunk)?;
+            }
+            buf.write_slice(chunk)?;
+        }
+        Ok(total_len)
+    }
+
+    fn write(_this: (), _file: &File, buf: &mut impl IoBufferReader, _: u64) -> Result<usize> {
+        let total_len = buf.len();
+        let mut chunkbuf = [0; 256];
+        while !buf.is_empty() {
+            let len = chunkbuf.len().min(buf.len());
+            let chunk = &mut chunkbuf[0..len];
+            buf.read_slice(chunk)?;
+            kernel::random::add_randomness(chunk);
+        }
+        Ok(total_len)
+    }
+}
+
+module_misc_device! {
+    type: RandomFile,
+    name: b"rust_random",
+    author: b"Rust for Linux Contributors",
+    description: b"Just use /dev/urandom: Now with early-boot safety",
+    license: b"GPL v2",
+}
diff --git a/samples/rust/rust_semaphore.rs b/samples/rust/rust_semaphore.rs
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7ba871ba67e3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/rust/rust_semaphore.rs
@@ -0,0 +1,175 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+//! Rust semaphore sample
+//!
+//! A counting semaphore that can be used by userspace.
+//!
+//! The count is incremented by writes to the device. A write of `n` bytes results in an increment
+//! of `n`. It is decremented by reads; each read results in the count being decremented by 1. If
+//! the count is already zero, a read will block until another write increments it.
+//!
+//! This can be used in user space from the shell for example  as follows (assuming a node called
+//! `semaphore`): `cat semaphore` decrements the count by 1 (waiting for it to become non-zero
+//! before decrementing); `echo -n 123 > semaphore` increments the semaphore by 3, potentially
+//! unblocking up to 3 blocked readers.
+
+#![no_std]
+#![feature(allocator_api, global_asm, generic_associated_types)]
+
+use core::sync::atomic::{AtomicU64, Ordering};
+use kernel::{
+    condvar_init, declare_file_operations,
+    file::File,
+    file_operations::{FileOperations, IoctlCommand, IoctlHandler},
+    io_buffer::{IoBufferReader, IoBufferWriter},
+    miscdev::Registration,
+    mutex_init,
+    prelude::*,
+    sync::{CondVar, Mutex, Ref, UniqueRef},
+    user_ptr::{UserSlicePtrReader, UserSlicePtrWriter},
+};
+
+module! {
+    type: RustSemaphore,
+    name: b"rust_semaphore",
+    author: b"Rust for Linux Contributors",
+    description: b"Rust semaphore sample",
+    license: b"GPL v2",
+}
+
+struct SemaphoreInner {
+    count: usize,
+    max_seen: usize,
+}
+
+struct Semaphore {
+    changed: CondVar,
+    inner: Mutex<SemaphoreInner>,
+}
+
+struct FileState {
+    read_count: AtomicU64,
+    shared: Ref<Semaphore>,
+}
+
+impl FileState {
+    fn consume(&self) -> Result {
+        let mut inner = self.shared.inner.lock();
+        while inner.count == 0 {
+            if self.shared.changed.wait(&mut inner) {
+                return Err(Error::EINTR);
+            }
+        }
+        inner.count -= 1;
+        Ok(())
+    }
+}
+
+impl FileOperations for FileState {
+    type Wrapper = Box<Self>;
+    type OpenData = Ref<Semaphore>;
+
+    declare_file_operations!(read, write, ioctl);
+
+    fn open(shared: &Ref<Semaphore>, _file: &File) -> Result<Box<Self>> {
+        Ok(Box::try_new(Self {
+            read_count: AtomicU64::new(0),
+            shared: shared.clone(),
+        })?)
+    }
+
+    fn read(this: &Self, _: &File, data: &mut impl IoBufferWriter, offset: u64) -> Result<usize> {
+        if data.is_empty() || offset > 0 {
+            return Ok(0);
+        }
+        this.consume()?;
+        data.write_slice(&[0u8; 1])?;
+        this.read_count.fetch_add(1, Ordering::Relaxed);
+        Ok(1)
+    }
+
+    fn write(this: &Self, _: &File, data: &mut impl IoBufferReader, _offs: u64) -> Result<usize> {
+        {
+            let mut inner = this.shared.inner.lock();
+            inner.count = inner.count.saturating_add(data.len());
+            if inner.count > inner.max_seen {
+                inner.max_seen = inner.count;
+            }
+        }
+
+        this.shared.changed.notify_all();
+        Ok(data.len())
+    }
+
+    fn ioctl(this: &Self, file: &File, cmd: &mut IoctlCommand) -> Result<i32> {
+        cmd.dispatch::<Self>(this, file)
+    }
+}
+
+struct RustSemaphore {
+    _dev: Pin<Box<Registration<FileState>>>,
+}
+
+impl KernelModule for RustSemaphore {
+    fn init(name: &'static CStr, _module: &'static ThisModule) -> Result<Self> {
+        pr_info!("Rust semaphore sample (init)\n");
+
+        let mut sema = Pin::from(UniqueRef::try_new(Semaphore {
+            // SAFETY: `condvar_init!` is called below.
+            changed: unsafe { CondVar::new() },
+
+            // SAFETY: `mutex_init!` is called below.
+            inner: unsafe {
+                Mutex::new(SemaphoreInner {
+                    count: 0,
+                    max_seen: 0,
+                })
+            },
+        })?);
+
+        // SAFETY: `changed` is pinned when `sema` is.
+        let pinned = unsafe { sema.as_mut().map_unchecked_mut(|s| &mut s.changed) };
+        condvar_init!(pinned, "Semaphore::changed");
+
+        // SAFETY: `inner` is pinned when `sema` is.
+        let pinned = unsafe { sema.as_mut().map_unchecked_mut(|s| &mut s.inner) };
+        mutex_init!(pinned, "Semaphore::inner");
+
+        Ok(Self {
+            _dev: Registration::new_pinned(name, None, sema.into())?,
+        })
+    }
+}
+
+impl Drop for RustSemaphore {
+    fn drop(&mut self) {
+        pr_info!("Rust semaphore sample (exit)\n");
+    }
+}
+
+const IOCTL_GET_READ_COUNT: u32 = 0x80086301;
+const IOCTL_SET_READ_COUNT: u32 = 0x40086301;
+
+impl IoctlHandler for FileState {
+    type Target<'a> = &'a Self;
+
+    fn read(this: &Self, _: &File, cmd: u32, writer: &mut UserSlicePtrWriter) -> Result<i32> {
+        match cmd {
+            IOCTL_GET_READ_COUNT => {
+                writer.write(&this.read_count.load(Ordering::Relaxed))?;
+                Ok(0)
+            }
+            _ => Err(Error::EINVAL),
+        }
+    }
+
+    fn write(this: &Self, _: &File, cmd: u32, reader: &mut UserSlicePtrReader) -> Result<i32> {
+        match cmd {
+            IOCTL_SET_READ_COUNT => {
+                this.read_count.store(reader.read()?, Ordering::Relaxed);
+                Ok(0)
+            }
+            _ => Err(Error::EINVAL),
+        }
+    }
+}
diff --git a/samples/rust/rust_semaphore_c.c b/samples/rust/rust_semaphore_c.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..cdc121d4030d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/rust/rust_semaphore_c.c
@@ -0,0 +1,212 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Rust semaphore sample (in C, for comparison)
+ *
+ * This is a C implementation of `rust_semaphore.rs`. Refer to the description
+ * in that file for details on the device.
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
+
+#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/refcount.h>
+#include <linux/wait.h>
+
+#define IOCTL_GET_READ_COUNT _IOR('c', 1, u64)
+#define IOCTL_SET_READ_COUNT _IOW('c', 1, u64)
+
+struct semaphore_state {
+	struct kref ref;
+	struct miscdevice miscdev;
+	wait_queue_head_t changed;
+	struct mutex mutex;
+	size_t count;
+	size_t max_seen;
+};
+
+struct file_state {
+	atomic64_t read_count;
+	struct semaphore_state *shared;
+};
+
+static int semaphore_consume(struct semaphore_state *state)
+{
+	DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
+
+	mutex_lock(&state->mutex);
+	while (state->count == 0) {
+		prepare_to_wait(&state->changed, &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
+		mutex_unlock(&state->mutex);
+		schedule();
+		finish_wait(&state->changed, &wait);
+		if (signal_pending(current))
+			return -EINTR;
+		mutex_lock(&state->mutex);
+	}
+
+	state->count--;
+	mutex_unlock(&state->mutex);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int semaphore_open(struct inode *nodp, struct file *filp)
+{
+	struct semaphore_state *shared =
+		container_of(filp->private_data, struct semaphore_state, miscdev);
+	struct file_state *state;
+
+	state = kzalloc(sizeof(*state), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!state)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	kref_get(&shared->ref);
+	state->shared = shared;
+	atomic64_set(&state->read_count, 0);
+
+	filp->private_data = state;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static ssize_t semaphore_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *buffer, size_t count,
+			       loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	struct file_state *state = filp->private_data;
+	struct semaphore_state *shared = state->shared;
+
+	mutex_lock(&shared->mutex);
+
+	shared->count += count;
+	if (shared->count < count)
+		shared->count = SIZE_MAX;
+
+	if (shared->count > shared->max_seen)
+		shared->max_seen = shared->count;
+
+	mutex_unlock(&shared->mutex);
+
+	wake_up_all(&shared->changed);
+
+	return count;
+}
+
+static ssize_t semaphore_read(struct file *filp, char __user *buffer,
+			      size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	struct file_state *state = filp->private_data;
+	char c = 0;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (count == 0 || *ppos > 0)
+		return 0;
+
+	ret = semaphore_consume(state->shared);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	if (copy_to_user(buffer, &c, sizeof(c)))
+		return -EFAULT;
+
+	atomic64_add(1, &state->read_count);
+	*ppos += 1;
+	return 1;
+}
+
+static long semaphore_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+	struct file_state *state = filp->private_data;
+	void __user *buffer = (void __user *)arg;
+	u64 value;
+
+	switch (cmd) {
+	case IOCTL_GET_READ_COUNT:
+		value = atomic64_read(&state->read_count);
+		if (copy_to_user(buffer, &value, sizeof(value)))
+			return -EFAULT;
+		return 0;
+	case IOCTL_SET_READ_COUNT:
+		if (copy_from_user(&value, buffer, sizeof(value)))
+			return -EFAULT;
+		atomic64_set(&state->read_count, value);
+		return 0;
+	default:
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+}
+
+static void semaphore_free(struct kref *kref)
+{
+	struct semaphore_state *device;
+
+	device = container_of(kref, struct semaphore_state, ref);
+	kfree(device);
+}
+
+static int semaphore_release(struct inode *nodp, struct file *filp)
+{
+	struct file_state *state = filp->private_data;
+
+	kref_put(&state->shared->ref, semaphore_free);
+	kfree(state);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations semaphore_fops = {
+	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
+	.open = semaphore_open,
+	.read = semaphore_read,
+	.write = semaphore_write,
+	.compat_ioctl = semaphore_ioctl,
+	.release = semaphore_release,
+};
+
+static struct semaphore_state *device;
+
+static int __init semaphore_init(void)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct semaphore_state *state;
+
+	pr_info("Rust semaphore sample (in C, for comparison) (init)\n");
+
+	state = kzalloc(sizeof(*state), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!state)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	mutex_init(&state->mutex);
+	kref_init(&state->ref);
+	init_waitqueue_head(&state->changed);
+
+	state->miscdev.fops = &semaphore_fops;
+	state->miscdev.minor = MISC_DYNAMIC_MINOR;
+	state->miscdev.name = "semaphore";
+
+	ret = misc_register(&state->miscdev);
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		kfree(state);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	device = state;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void __exit semaphore_exit(void)
+{
+	pr_info("Rust semaphore sample (in C, for comparison) (exit)\n");
+
+	misc_deregister(&device->miscdev);
+	kref_put(&device->ref, semaphore_free);
+}
+
+module_init(semaphore_init);
+module_exit(semaphore_exit);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Rust for Linux Contributors");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Rust semaphore sample (in C, for comparison)");
diff --git a/samples/rust/rust_stack_probing.rs b/samples/rust/rust_stack_probing.rs
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4f44fade96aa
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/rust/rust_stack_probing.rs
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+//! Rust stack probing sample
+
+#![no_std]
+#![feature(allocator_api, global_asm)]
+#![feature(bench_black_box)]
+
+use kernel::prelude::*;
+
+module! {
+    type: RustStackProbing,
+    name: b"rust_stack_probing",
+    author: b"Rust for Linux Contributors",
+    description: b"Rust stack probing sample",
+    license: b"GPL v2",
+}
+
+struct RustStackProbing;
+
+impl KernelModule for RustStackProbing {
+    fn init(_name: &'static CStr, _module: &'static ThisModule) -> Result<Self> {
+        pr_info!("Rust stack probing sample (init)\n");
+
+        // Including this large variable on the stack will trigger
+        // stack probing on the supported archs.
+        // This will verify that stack probing does not lead to
+        // any errors if we need to link `__rust_probestack`.
+        let x: [u64; 514] = core::hint::black_box([5; 514]);
+        pr_info!("Large array has length: {}\n", x.len());
+
+        Ok(RustStackProbing)
+    }
+}
+
+impl Drop for RustStackProbing {
+    fn drop(&mut self) {
+        pr_info!("Rust stack probing sample (exit)\n");
+    }
+}
diff --git a/samples/rust/rust_sync.rs b/samples/rust/rust_sync.rs
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f71f8928d16e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/rust/rust_sync.rs
@@ -0,0 +1,81 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+//! Rust synchronisation primitives sample
+
+#![no_std]
+#![feature(allocator_api, global_asm)]
+
+use kernel::prelude::*;
+use kernel::{
+    condvar_init, mutex_init, spinlock_init,
+    sync::{CondVar, Mutex, SpinLock},
+};
+
+module! {
+    type: RustSync,
+    name: b"rust_sync",
+    author: b"Rust for Linux Contributors",
+    description: b"Rust synchronisation primitives sample",
+    license: b"GPL v2",
+}
+
+struct RustSync;
+
+impl KernelModule for RustSync {
+    fn init(_name: &'static CStr, _module: &'static ThisModule) -> Result<Self> {
+        pr_info!("Rust synchronisation primitives sample (init)\n");
+
+        // Test mutexes.
+        {
+            // SAFETY: `init` is called below.
+            let mut data = Pin::from(Box::try_new(unsafe { Mutex::new(0) })?);
+            mutex_init!(data.as_mut(), "RustSync::init::data1");
+            *data.lock() = 10;
+            pr_info!("Value: {}\n", *data.lock());
+
+            // SAFETY: `init` is called below.
+            let mut cv = Pin::from(Box::try_new(unsafe { CondVar::new() })?);
+            condvar_init!(cv.as_mut(), "RustSync::init::cv1");
+
+            {
+                let mut guard = data.lock();
+                while *guard != 10 {
+                    let _ = cv.wait(&mut guard);
+                }
+            }
+            cv.notify_one();
+            cv.notify_all();
+            cv.free_waiters();
+        }
+
+        // Test spinlocks.
+        {
+            // SAFETY: `init` is called below.
+            let mut data = Pin::from(Box::try_new(unsafe { SpinLock::new(0) })?);
+            spinlock_init!(data.as_mut(), "RustSync::init::data2");
+            *data.lock() = 10;
+            pr_info!("Value: {}\n", *data.lock());
+
+            // SAFETY: `init` is called below.
+            let mut cv = Pin::from(Box::try_new(unsafe { CondVar::new() })?);
+            condvar_init!(cv.as_mut(), "RustSync::init::cv2");
+            {
+                let mut guard = data.lock();
+                while *guard != 10 {
+                    let _ = cv.wait(&mut guard);
+                }
+            }
+            cv.notify_one();
+            cv.notify_all();
+            cv.free_waiters();
+        }
+
+        Ok(RustSync)
+    }
+}
+
+impl Drop for RustSync {
+    fn drop(&mut self) {
+        pr_info!("Rust synchronisation primitives sample (exit)\n");
+    }
+}
-- 
2.34.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 17/19] MAINTAINERS: Rust
  2022-01-17  5:33 [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (13 preceding siblings ...)
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 16/19] samples: add Rust examples Miguel Ojeda
@ 2022-01-17  5:33 ` Miguel Ojeda
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [RFC PATCH v3 18/19] drivers: gpio: PrimeCell PL061 in Rust Miguel Ojeda
  15 siblings, 0 replies; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-17  5:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel,
	Miguel Ojeda, Alex Gaynor, Wedson Almeida Filho

Miguel, Alex and Wedson will be maintaining the Rust support.

Co-developed-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
 MAINTAINERS | 16 ++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 16 insertions(+)

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index dd36acc87ce6..5f3816c713fc 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -16578,6 +16578,22 @@ L:	linux-rdma@vger.kernel.org
 S:	Maintained
 F:	drivers/infiniband/ulp/rtrs/
 
+RUST
+M:	Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
+M:	Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
+M:	Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
+L:	rust-for-linux@vger.kernel.org
+S:	Supported
+W:	https://github.com/Rust-for-Linux/linux
+B:	https://github.com/Rust-for-Linux/linux/issues
+T:	git https://github.com/Rust-for-Linux/linux.git rust-next
+F:	rust/
+F:	samples/rust/
+F:	Documentation/rust/
+F:	lib/rust.h
+F:	scripts/*rust*
+K:	\b(?i:rust)\b
+
 RXRPC SOCKETS (AF_RXRPC)
 M:	David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
 M:	Marc Dionne <marc.dionne@auristor.com>
-- 
2.34.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* [RFC PATCH v3 18/19] drivers: gpio: PrimeCell PL061 in Rust
  2022-01-17  5:33 [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support Miguel Ojeda
                   ` (14 preceding siblings ...)
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 17/19] MAINTAINERS: Rust Miguel Ojeda
@ 2022-01-17  5:33 ` Miguel Ojeda
  15 siblings, 0 replies; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-17  5:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel,
	Miguel Ojeda, Wedson Almeida Filho

From: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>

A port to Rust of the PrimeCell PL061 GPIO driver.

This module is a work in progress and will be sent for review later
on, as well as separately from the Rust support.

However, it is included to show how an actual working module
written in Rust may look like.

Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
 drivers/gpio/Kconfig            |   8 +
 drivers/gpio/Makefile           |   1 +
 drivers/gpio/gpio_pl061_rust.rs | 362 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 371 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/gpio/gpio_pl061_rust.rs

diff --git a/drivers/gpio/Kconfig b/drivers/gpio/Kconfig
index 60d9374c72c0..8bc208ece49d 100644
--- a/drivers/gpio/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/gpio/Kconfig
@@ -471,6 +471,14 @@ config GPIO_PL061
 	help
 	  Say yes here to support the PrimeCell PL061 GPIO device.
 
+config GPIO_PL061_RUST
+	tristate "PrimeCell PL061 GPIO support written in Rust"
+	depends on ARM_AMBA && RUST
+	select IRQ_DOMAIN
+	select GPIOLIB_IRQCHIP
+	help
+	  Say yes here to support the PrimeCell PL061 GPIO device
+
 config GPIO_PMIC_EIC_SPRD
 	tristate "Spreadtrum PMIC EIC support"
 	depends on MFD_SC27XX_PMIC || COMPILE_TEST
diff --git a/drivers/gpio/Makefile b/drivers/gpio/Makefile
index 71ee9fc2ff83..5021316a5037 100644
--- a/drivers/gpio/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/gpio/Makefile
@@ -118,6 +118,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_PCIE_IDIO_24)		+= gpio-pcie-idio-24.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_PCI_IDIO_16)		+= gpio-pci-idio-16.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_PISOSR)		+= gpio-pisosr.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_PL061)		+= gpio-pl061.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_PL061_RUST)		+= gpio_pl061_rust.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_PMIC_EIC_SPRD)	+= gpio-pmic-eic-sprd.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_PXA)			+= gpio-pxa.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_RASPBERRYPI_EXP)	+= gpio-raspberrypi-exp.o
diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpio_pl061_rust.rs b/drivers/gpio/gpio_pl061_rust.rs
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..40dbd7bed849
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/gpio/gpio_pl061_rust.rs
@@ -0,0 +1,362 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+//! Driver for the ARM PrimeCell(tm) General Purpose Input/Output (PL061).
+//!
+//! Based on the C driver written by Baruch Siach <baruch@tkos.co.il>.
+
+#![no_std]
+#![feature(global_asm, allocator_api)]
+
+use kernel::{
+    amba, bit, bits_iter, define_amba_id_table, device, gpio,
+    io_mem::IoMem,
+    irq::{self, ExtraResult, IrqData, LockedIrqData},
+    power,
+    prelude::*,
+    sync::{Ref, RefBorrow, SpinLock},
+};
+
+const GPIODIR: usize = 0x400;
+const GPIOIS: usize = 0x404;
+const GPIOIBE: usize = 0x408;
+const GPIOIEV: usize = 0x40C;
+const GPIOIE: usize = 0x410;
+const GPIOMIS: usize = 0x418;
+const GPIOIC: usize = 0x41C;
+const GPIO_SIZE: usize = 0x1000;
+
+const PL061_GPIO_NR: u16 = 8;
+
+#[derive(Default)]
+struct ContextSaveRegs {
+    gpio_data: u8,
+    gpio_dir: u8,
+    gpio_is: u8,
+    gpio_ibe: u8,
+    gpio_iev: u8,
+    gpio_ie: u8,
+}
+
+#[derive(Default)]
+struct PL061Data {
+    csave_regs: ContextSaveRegs,
+}
+
+struct PL061Resources {
+    base: IoMem<GPIO_SIZE>,
+    parent_irq: u32,
+}
+
+type PL061Registrations = gpio::RegistrationWithIrqChip<PL061Device>;
+
+type DeviceData = device::Data<PL061Registrations, PL061Resources, SpinLock<PL061Data>>;
+
+struct PL061Device;
+
+impl gpio::Chip for PL061Device {
+    type Data = Ref<DeviceData>;
+
+    kernel::declare_gpio_chip_operations!(
+        get_direction,
+        direction_input,
+        direction_output,
+        get,
+        set
+    );
+
+    fn get_direction(data: RefBorrow<'_, DeviceData>, offset: u32) -> Result<gpio::LineDirection> {
+        let pl061 = data.resources().ok_or(Error::ENXIO)?;
+        Ok(if pl061.base.readb(GPIODIR) & bit(offset) != 0 {
+            gpio::LineDirection::Out
+        } else {
+            gpio::LineDirection::In
+        })
+    }
+
+    fn direction_input(data: RefBorrow<'_, DeviceData>, offset: u32) -> Result {
+        let _guard = data.lock_irqdisable();
+        let pl061 = data.resources().ok_or(Error::ENXIO)?;
+        let mut gpiodir = pl061.base.readb(GPIODIR);
+        gpiodir &= !bit(offset);
+        pl061.base.writeb(gpiodir, GPIODIR);
+        Ok(())
+    }
+
+    fn direction_output(data: RefBorrow<'_, DeviceData>, offset: u32, value: bool) -> Result {
+        let woffset = bit(offset + 2).into();
+        let _guard = data.lock_irqdisable();
+        let pl061 = data.resources().ok_or(Error::ENXIO)?;
+        pl061.base.try_writeb((value as u8) << offset, woffset)?;
+        let mut gpiodir = pl061.base.readb(GPIODIR);
+        gpiodir |= bit(offset);
+        pl061.base.writeb(gpiodir, GPIODIR);
+
+        // gpio value is set again, because pl061 doesn't allow to set value of a gpio pin before
+        // configuring it in OUT mode.
+        pl061.base.try_writeb((value as u8) << offset, woffset)?;
+        Ok(())
+    }
+
+    fn get(data: RefBorrow<'_, DeviceData>, offset: u32) -> Result<bool> {
+        let pl061 = data.resources().ok_or(Error::ENXIO)?;
+        Ok(pl061.base.try_readb(bit(offset + 2).into())? != 0)
+    }
+
+    fn set(data: RefBorrow<'_, DeviceData>, offset: u32, value: bool) {
+        if let Some(pl061) = data.resources() {
+            let woffset = bit(offset + 2).into();
+            let _ = pl061.base.try_writeb((value as u8) << offset, woffset);
+        }
+    }
+}
+
+impl gpio::ChipWithIrqChip for PL061Device {
+    fn handle_irq_flow(
+        data: RefBorrow<'_, DeviceData>,
+        desc: &irq::Descriptor,
+        domain: &irq::Domain,
+    ) {
+        let chained = desc.enter_chained();
+
+        if let Some(pl061) = data.resources() {
+            let pending = pl061.base.readb(GPIOMIS);
+            for offset in bits_iter(pending) {
+                domain.generic_handle_chained(offset, &chained);
+            }
+        }
+    }
+}
+
+impl irq::Chip for PL061Device {
+    type Data = Ref<DeviceData>;
+
+    kernel::declare_irq_chip_operations!(set_type, set_wake);
+
+    fn set_type(
+        data: RefBorrow<'_, DeviceData>,
+        irq_data: &mut LockedIrqData,
+        trigger: u32,
+    ) -> Result<ExtraResult> {
+        let offset = irq_data.hwirq();
+        let bit = bit(offset);
+
+        if offset >= PL061_GPIO_NR.into() {
+            return Err(Error::EINVAL);
+        }
+
+        if trigger & (irq::Type::LEVEL_HIGH | irq::Type::LEVEL_LOW) != 0
+            && trigger & (irq::Type::EDGE_RISING | irq::Type::EDGE_FALLING) != 0
+        {
+            pr_err!(
+                "trying to configure line {} for both level and edge detection, choose one!\n",
+                offset
+            );
+            return Err(Error::EINVAL);
+        }
+
+        let _guard = data.lock_irqdisable();
+        let pl061 = data.resources().ok_or(Error::ENXIO)?;
+
+        let mut gpioiev = pl061.base.readb(GPIOIEV);
+        let mut gpiois = pl061.base.readb(GPIOIS);
+        let mut gpioibe = pl061.base.readb(GPIOIBE);
+
+        if trigger & (irq::Type::LEVEL_HIGH | irq::Type::LEVEL_LOW) != 0 {
+            let polarity = trigger & irq::Type::LEVEL_HIGH != 0;
+
+            // Disable edge detection.
+            gpioibe &= !bit;
+            // Enable level detection.
+            gpiois |= bit;
+            // Select polarity.
+            if polarity {
+                gpioiev |= bit;
+            } else {
+                gpioiev &= !bit;
+            }
+            irq_data.set_level_handler();
+            pr_debug!(
+                "line {}: IRQ on {} level\n",
+                offset,
+                if polarity { "HIGH" } else { "LOW" }
+            );
+        } else if (trigger & irq::Type::EDGE_BOTH) == irq::Type::EDGE_BOTH {
+            // Disable level detection.
+            gpiois &= !bit;
+            // Select both edges, settings this makes GPIOEV be ignored.
+            gpioibe |= bit;
+            irq_data.set_edge_handler();
+            pr_debug!("line {}: IRQ on both edges\n", offset);
+        } else if trigger & (irq::Type::EDGE_RISING | irq::Type::EDGE_FALLING) != 0 {
+            let rising = trigger & irq::Type::EDGE_RISING != 0;
+
+            // Disable level detection.
+            gpiois &= !bit;
+            // Clear detection on both edges.
+            gpioibe &= !bit;
+            // Select edge.
+            if rising {
+                gpioiev |= bit;
+            } else {
+                gpioiev &= !bit;
+            }
+            irq_data.set_edge_handler();
+            pr_debug!(
+                "line {}: IRQ on {} edge\n",
+                offset,
+                if rising { "RISING" } else { "FALLING}" }
+            );
+        } else {
+            // No trigger: disable everything.
+            gpiois &= !bit;
+            gpioibe &= !bit;
+            gpioiev &= !bit;
+            irq_data.set_bad_handler();
+            pr_warn!("no trigger selected for line {}\n", offset);
+        }
+
+        pl061.base.writeb(gpiois, GPIOIS);
+        pl061.base.writeb(gpioibe, GPIOIBE);
+        pl061.base.writeb(gpioiev, GPIOIEV);
+
+        Ok(ExtraResult::None)
+    }
+
+    fn mask(data: RefBorrow<'_, DeviceData>, irq_data: &IrqData) {
+        let mask = bit(irq_data.hwirq() % irq::HwNumber::from(PL061_GPIO_NR));
+        let _guard = data.lock();
+        if let Some(pl061) = data.resources() {
+            let gpioie = pl061.base.readb(GPIOIE) & !mask;
+            pl061.base.writeb(gpioie, GPIOIE);
+        }
+    }
+
+    fn unmask(data: RefBorrow<'_, DeviceData>, irq_data: &IrqData) {
+        let mask = bit(irq_data.hwirq() % irq::HwNumber::from(PL061_GPIO_NR));
+        let _guard = data.lock();
+        if let Some(pl061) = data.resources() {
+            let gpioie = pl061.base.readb(GPIOIE) | mask;
+            pl061.base.writeb(gpioie, GPIOIE);
+        }
+    }
+
+    // This gets called from the edge IRQ handler to ACK the edge IRQ in the GPIOIC
+    // (interrupt-clear) register. For level IRQs this is not needed: these go away when the level
+    // signal goes away.
+    fn ack(data: RefBorrow<'_, DeviceData>, irq_data: &IrqData) {
+        let mask = bit(irq_data.hwirq() % irq::HwNumber::from(PL061_GPIO_NR));
+        let _guard = data.lock();
+        if let Some(pl061) = data.resources() {
+            pl061.base.writeb(mask.into(), GPIOIC);
+        }
+    }
+
+    fn set_wake(data: RefBorrow<'_, DeviceData>, _irq_data: &IrqData, on: bool) -> Result {
+        let pl061 = data.resources().ok_or(Error::ENXIO)?;
+        irq::set_wake(pl061.parent_irq, on)
+    }
+}
+
+impl amba::Driver for PL061Device {
+    type Data = Ref<DeviceData>;
+    type PowerOps = Self;
+
+    define_amba_id_table! {(), [
+        ({id: 0x00041061, mask: 0x000fffff}, None),
+    ]}
+
+    fn probe(dev: &mut amba::Device, _data: Option<&Self::IdInfo>) -> Result<Ref<DeviceData>> {
+        let res = dev.take_resource().ok_or(Error::ENXIO)?;
+        let irq = dev.irq(0).ok_or(Error::ENXIO)?;
+
+        let mut data = kernel::new_device_data!(
+            gpio::RegistrationWithIrqChip::new(),
+            PL061Resources {
+                // SAFETY: This device doesn't support DMA.
+                base: unsafe { IoMem::try_new(res)? },
+                parent_irq: irq,
+            },
+            // SAFETY: We call `spinlock_init` below.
+            unsafe { SpinLock::new(PL061Data::default()) },
+            "PL061::Registrations"
+        )?;
+
+        // SAFETY: General part of the data is pinned when `data` is.
+        let gen = unsafe { data.as_mut().map_unchecked_mut(|d| &mut **d) };
+        kernel::spinlock_init!(gen, "PL061::General");
+
+        let data = Ref::<DeviceData>::from(data);
+
+        data.resources().ok_or(Error::ENXIO)?.base.writeb(0, GPIOIE); // disable irqs
+
+        data.registrations()
+            .ok_or(Error::ENXIO)?
+            .as_pinned_mut()
+            .register::<Self>(PL061_GPIO_NR, None, dev, data.clone(), irq)?;
+
+        pr_info!("PL061 GPIO chip registered\n");
+
+        Ok(data)
+    }
+}
+
+impl power::Operations for PL061Device {
+    type Data = Ref<DeviceData>;
+
+    fn suspend(data: RefBorrow<'_, DeviceData>) -> Result {
+        let mut inner = data.lock();
+        let pl061 = data.resources().ok_or(Error::ENXIO)?;
+        inner.csave_regs.gpio_data = 0;
+        inner.csave_regs.gpio_dir = pl061.base.readb(GPIODIR);
+        inner.csave_regs.gpio_is = pl061.base.readb(GPIOIS);
+        inner.csave_regs.gpio_ibe = pl061.base.readb(GPIOIBE);
+        inner.csave_regs.gpio_iev = pl061.base.readb(GPIOIEV);
+        inner.csave_regs.gpio_ie = pl061.base.readb(GPIOIE);
+
+        for offset in 0..PL061_GPIO_NR {
+            if inner.csave_regs.gpio_dir & bit(offset) != 0 {
+                if let Ok(v) = <Self as gpio::Chip>::get(data, offset.into()) {
+                    inner.csave_regs.gpio_data |= (v as u8) << offset;
+                }
+            }
+        }
+
+        Ok(())
+    }
+
+    fn resume(data: RefBorrow<'_, DeviceData>) -> Result {
+        let inner = data.lock();
+        let pl061 = data.resources().ok_or(Error::ENXIO)?;
+
+        for offset in 0..PL061_GPIO_NR {
+            if inner.csave_regs.gpio_dir & bit(offset) != 0 {
+                let value = inner.csave_regs.gpio_data & bit(offset) != 0;
+                let _ = <Self as gpio::Chip>::direction_output(data, offset.into(), value);
+            } else {
+                let _ = <Self as gpio::Chip>::direction_input(data, offset.into());
+            }
+        }
+
+        pl061.base.writeb(inner.csave_regs.gpio_is, GPIOIS);
+        pl061.base.writeb(inner.csave_regs.gpio_ibe, GPIOIBE);
+        pl061.base.writeb(inner.csave_regs.gpio_iev, GPIOIEV);
+        pl061.base.writeb(inner.csave_regs.gpio_ie, GPIOIE);
+
+        Ok(())
+    }
+
+    fn freeze(data: RefBorrow<'_, DeviceData>) -> Result {
+        Self::suspend(data)
+    }
+
+    fn restore(data: RefBorrow<'_, DeviceData>) -> Result {
+        Self::resume(data)
+    }
+}
+
+module_amba_driver! {
+    type: PL061Device,
+    name: b"pl061_gpio",
+    author: b"Wedson Almeida Filho",
+    license: b"GPL v2",
+}
-- 
2.34.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 14/19] docs: add Rust documentation
  2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 14/19] docs: add Rust documentation Miguel Ojeda
@ 2022-01-18 22:33   ` Jonathan Corbet
  2022-01-19 13:58     ` Miguel Ojeda
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 19+ messages in thread
From: Jonathan Corbet @ 2022-01-18 22:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Miguel Ojeda, Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: rust-for-linux, linux-kbuild, linux-doc, linux-kernel,
	Miguel Ojeda, Alex Gaynor, Finn Behrens, Adam Bratschi-Kaye,
	Wedson Almeida Filho, Michael Ellerman, Sven Van Asbroeck,
	Wu XiangCheng, Gary Guo, Boris-Chengbiao Zhou, Yuki Okushi,
	Wei Liu, Daniel Xu

Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org> writes:

> Most of the documentation for Rust is written within the source code
> itself, as it is idiomatic for Rust projects. This applies to both
> the shared infrastructure at `rust/` as well as any other Rust module
> (e.g. drivers) written across the kernel.
>
> However, these documents contain general information that does not
> fit particularly well in the source code, like the Quick Start guide.
>
> It also contains a few binary assets used for the `rustdoc` target
> and a few other small changes elsewhere in the documentation folder.

Glad to see documentation!

That said, I have one little request...

>  Documentation/doc-guide/kernel-doc.rst      |   3 +
>  Documentation/index.rst                     |   1 +
>  Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst             |   4 +
>  Documentation/process/changes.rst           |  42 ++++
>  Documentation/rust/arch-support.rst         |  35 +++
>  Documentation/rust/assets/favicon-16x16.png | Bin 0 -> 798 bytes
>  Documentation/rust/assets/favicon-32x32.png | Bin 0 -> 2076 bytes
>  Documentation/rust/assets/rust-logo.png     | Bin 0 -> 53976 bytes

We have really tried to keep binary files (like PNG images) out of the
documentation tree.  If we really need these images, can they be
provided in SVG form?

Thanks,

jon

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 14/19] docs: add Rust documentation
  2022-01-18 22:33   ` Jonathan Corbet
@ 2022-01-19 13:58     ` Miguel Ojeda
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 19+ messages in thread
From: Miguel Ojeda @ 2022-01-19 13:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jonathan Corbet
  Cc: Miguel Ojeda, Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman, rust-for-linux,
	Linux Kbuild mailing list, Linux Doc Mailing List, linux-kernel,
	Alex Gaynor, Finn Behrens, Adam Bratschi-Kaye,
	Wedson Almeida Filho, Michael Ellerman, Sven Van Asbroeck,
	Wu XiangCheng, Gary Guo, Boris-Chengbiao Zhou, Yuki Okushi,
	Wei Liu, Daniel Xu

On Tue, Jan 18, 2022 at 11:33 PM Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> wrote:
>
> We have really tried to keep binary files (like PNG images) out of the
> documentation tree.  If we really need these images, can they be
> provided in SVG form?

Yeah, they are not critical -- I can change them to a single SVG, or
use Tux, or drop them (although it is a nice way to tell one is not in
the Rust standard library docs).

Is there a preferred SVG version of Tux? (I cannot find one in the
tree, only the GIF one at `Doc/logo.gif`). If not, perhaps we could
ask permission to integrate one like https://github.com/garrett/Tux.

Cheers,
Miguel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 19+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2022-01-19 13:59 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 19+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2022-01-17  5:33 [PATCH v3 00/19] Rust support Miguel Ojeda
2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 01/19] kallsyms: support "big" kernel symbols Miguel Ojeda
2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 02/19] kallsyms: increase maximum kernel symbol length to 512 Miguel Ojeda
2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 03/19] kallsyms: use the correct buffer size for symbols Miguel Ojeda
2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 04/19] rust: add C helpers Miguel Ojeda
2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 05/19] rust: add `compiler_builtins` crate Miguel Ojeda
2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 07/19] rust: add `build_error` crate Miguel Ojeda
2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 08/19] rust: add `macros` crate Miguel Ojeda
2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 10/19] rust: export generated symbols Miguel Ojeda
2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 11/19] vsprintf: add new `%pA` format specifier Miguel Ojeda
2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 12/19] scripts: add `generate_rust_analyzer.py` Miguel Ojeda
2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 13/19] scripts: decode_stacktrace: demangle Rust symbols Miguel Ojeda
2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 14/19] docs: add Rust documentation Miguel Ojeda
2022-01-18 22:33   ` Jonathan Corbet
2022-01-19 13:58     ` Miguel Ojeda
2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 15/19] Kbuild: add Rust support Miguel Ojeda
2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 16/19] samples: add Rust examples Miguel Ojeda
2022-01-17  5:33 ` [PATCH v3 17/19] MAINTAINERS: Rust Miguel Ojeda
2022-01-17  5:33 ` [RFC PATCH v3 18/19] drivers: gpio: PrimeCell PL061 in Rust Miguel Ojeda

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