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From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
To: linux-cachefs@redhat.com
Cc: dhowells@redhat.com, Trond Myklebust <trondmy@hammerspace.com>,
	Anna Schumaker <anna.schumaker@netapp.com>,
	Steve French <sfrench@samba.org>,
	Dominique Martinet <asmadeus@codewreck.org>,
	Jeff Layton <jlayton@kernel.org>,
	Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>,
	Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>,
	Omar Sandoval <osandov@osandov.com>,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>,
	linux-afs@lists.infradead.org, linux-nfs@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-cifs@vger.kernel.org, ceph-devel@vger.kernel.org,
	v9fs-developer@lists.sourceforge.net,
	linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH 13/64] fscache: Implement cookie-level access helpers
Date: Mon, 29 Nov 2021 14:25:50 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <163819595085.215744.1706073049250505427.stgit@warthog.procyon.org.uk> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <163819575444.215744.318477214576928110.stgit@warthog.procyon.org.uk>

Add a number of helper functions to manage access to a cookie, pinning the
cache object in place for the duration to prevent cache withdrawal from
removing it:

 (1) void fscache_init_access_gate(struct fscache_cookie *cookie);

     This function initialises the access count when a cache binds to a
     cookie.  An extra ref is taken on the access count to prevent wakeups
     while the cache is active.  We're only interested in the wakeup when a
     cookie is being withdrawn and we're waiting for it to quiesce - at
     which point the counter will be decremented before the wait.

     The FSCACHE_COOKIE_NACC_ELEVATED flag is set on the cookie to keep
     track of the extra ref in order to handle a race between
     relinquishment and withdrawal both trying to drop the extra ref.

 (2) bool fscache_begin_cookie_access(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
				      enum fscache_access_trace why);

     This function attempts to begin access upon a cookie, pinning it in
     place if it's cached.  If successful, it returns true and leaves a the
     access count incremented.

 (3) void fscache_end_cookie_access(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
				    enum fscache_access_trace why);

     This function drops the access count obtained by (2), permitting
     object withdrawal to take place when it reaches zero.

A tracepoint is provided to track changes to the access counter on a
cookie.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: linux-cachefs@redhat.com
---

 fs/fscache/cookie.c            |  104 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/fscache/internal.h          |    3 +
 fs/fscache/main.c              |    1 
 include/linux/fscache-cache.h  |    2 +
 include/trace/events/fscache.h |   29 +++++++++++
 5 files changed, 139 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/fscache/cookie.c b/fs/fscache/cookie.c
index c790f08e2f52..3dd150182d97 100644
--- a/fs/fscache/cookie.c
+++ b/fs/fscache/cookie.c
@@ -57,6 +57,110 @@ static void fscache_free_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
 	kmem_cache_free(fscache_cookie_jar, cookie);
 }
 
+/*
+ * Initialise the access gate on a cookie by keeping its n_accesses counter
+ * raised by 1.  This will prevent end-access from transitioning it to 0 until
+ * we decrement when we withdraw caching services from the cookie.
+ */
+static void fscache_init_access_gate(struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
+{
+	int n_accesses;
+
+	n_accesses = atomic_inc_return(&cookie->n_accesses);
+	trace_fscache_access(cookie->debug_id, refcount_read(&cookie->ref),
+			     n_accesses, fscache_access_cache_pin);
+	set_bit(FSCACHE_COOKIE_NACC_ELEVATED, &cookie->flags);
+}
+
+static void __fscache_end_cookie_access(struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
+{
+	if (test_bit(FSCACHE_COOKIE_DO_RELINQUISH, &cookie->flags))
+		fscache_set_cookie_state(cookie, FSCACHE_COOKIE_STATE_RELINQUISHING);
+	else if (test_bit(FSCACHE_COOKIE_DO_WITHDRAW, &cookie->flags))
+		fscache_set_cookie_state(cookie, FSCACHE_COOKIE_STATE_WITHDRAWING);
+	// PLACEHOLDER: Schedule cookie cleanup
+}
+
+/**
+ * fscache_end_cookie_access - Unpin a cache at the end of an access.
+ * @cookie: A data file cookie
+ * @why: An indication of the circumstances of the access for tracing
+ *
+ * Unpin a cache cookie after we've accessed it and bring a deferred
+ * relinquishment or withdrawal state into effect.
+ *
+ * The @why indicator is provided for tracing purposes.
+ */
+void fscache_end_cookie_access(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+			       enum fscache_access_trace why)
+{
+	int n_accesses;
+
+	smp_mb__before_atomic();
+	n_accesses = atomic_dec_return(&cookie->n_accesses);
+	trace_fscache_access(cookie->debug_id, refcount_read(&cookie->ref),
+			     n_accesses, why);
+	if (n_accesses == 0)
+		__fscache_end_cookie_access(cookie);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscache_end_cookie_access);
+
+/*
+ * Pin the cache behind a cookie so that we can access it.
+ */
+static void __fscache_begin_cookie_access(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+					  enum fscache_access_trace why)
+{
+	int n_accesses;
+
+	n_accesses = atomic_inc_return(&cookie->n_accesses);
+	smp_mb__after_atomic(); /* (Future) read state after is-caching.
+				 * Reread n_accesses after is-caching
+				 */
+	trace_fscache_access(cookie->debug_id, refcount_read(&cookie->ref),
+			     n_accesses, why);
+}
+
+/**
+ * fscache_begin_cookie_access - Pin a cache so data can be accessed
+ * @cookie: A data file cookie
+ * @why: An indication of the circumstances of the access for tracing
+ *
+ * Attempt to pin the cache to prevent it from going away whilst we're
+ * accessing data and returns true if successful.  This works as follows:
+ *
+ *  (1) If the cookie is not being cached (ie. FSCACHE_COOKIE_IS_CACHING is not
+ *      set), we return false to indicate access was not permitted.
+ *
+ *  (2) If the cookie is being cached, we increment its n_accesses count and
+ *      then recheck the IS_CACHING flag, ending the access if it got cleared.
+ *
+ *  (3) When we end the access, we decrement the cookie's n_accesses and wake
+ *      up the any waiters if it reaches 0.
+ *
+ *  (4) Whilst the cookie is actively being cached, its n_accesses is kept
+ *      artificially incremented to prevent wakeups from happening.
+ *
+ *  (5) When the cache is taken offline or if the cookie is culled, the flag is
+ *      cleared to prevent new accesses, the cookie's n_accesses is decremented
+ *      and we wait for it to become 0.
+ *
+ * The @why indicator are merely provided for tracing purposes.
+ */
+bool fscache_begin_cookie_access(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+				 enum fscache_access_trace why)
+{
+	if (!test_bit(FSCACHE_COOKIE_IS_CACHING, &cookie->flags))
+		return false;
+	__fscache_begin_cookie_access(cookie, why);
+	if (!test_bit(FSCACHE_COOKIE_IS_CACHING, &cookie->flags) ||
+	    !fscache_cache_is_live(cookie->volume->cache)) {
+		fscache_end_cookie_access(cookie, fscache_access_unlive);
+		return false;
+	}
+	return true;
+}
+
 static inline void wake_up_cookie_state(struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
 {
 	/* Use a barrier to ensure that waiters see the state variable
diff --git a/fs/fscache/internal.h b/fs/fscache/internal.h
index 8727419870aa..712be6819297 100644
--- a/fs/fscache/internal.h
+++ b/fs/fscache/internal.h
@@ -59,6 +59,9 @@ extern struct kmem_cache *fscache_cookie_jar;
 extern const struct seq_operations fscache_cookies_seq_ops;
 
 extern void fscache_print_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie, char prefix);
+extern bool fscache_begin_cookie_access(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+					enum fscache_access_trace why);
+
 static inline void fscache_see_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
 				      enum fscache_cookie_trace where)
 {
diff --git a/fs/fscache/main.c b/fs/fscache/main.c
index 6a024c45eb0b..01d57433702c 100644
--- a/fs/fscache/main.c
+++ b/fs/fscache/main.c
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@ MODULE_PARM_DESC(fscache_debug,
 
 EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL(fscache_access_cache);
 EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL(fscache_access_volume);
+EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL(fscache_access);
 
 struct workqueue_struct *fscache_wq;
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscache_wq);
diff --git a/include/linux/fscache-cache.h b/include/linux/fscache-cache.h
index fbbd8a2afe12..66624407ba84 100644
--- a/include/linux/fscache-cache.h
+++ b/include/linux/fscache-cache.h
@@ -61,6 +61,8 @@ extern struct fscache_cookie *fscache_get_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
 						 enum fscache_cookie_trace where);
 extern void fscache_put_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
 			       enum fscache_cookie_trace where);
+extern void fscache_end_cookie_access(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+				      enum fscache_access_trace why);
 extern void fscache_set_cookie_state(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
 				     enum fscache_cookie_state state);
 
diff --git a/include/trace/events/fscache.h b/include/trace/events/fscache.h
index 104aad12021b..33ef0b23cd6a 100644
--- a/include/trace/events/fscache.h
+++ b/include/trace/events/fscache.h
@@ -279,6 +279,35 @@ TRACE_EVENT(fscache_access_volume,
 		      __entry->n_accesses)
 	    );
 
+TRACE_EVENT(fscache_access,
+	    TP_PROTO(unsigned int cookie_debug_id,
+		     int ref,
+		     int n_accesses,
+		     enum fscache_access_trace why),
+
+	    TP_ARGS(cookie_debug_id, ref, n_accesses, why),
+
+	    TP_STRUCT__entry(
+		    __field(unsigned int,		cookie		)
+		    __field(int,			ref		)
+		    __field(int,			n_accesses	)
+		    __field(enum fscache_access_trace,	why		)
+			     ),
+
+	    TP_fast_assign(
+		    __entry->cookie	= cookie_debug_id;
+		    __entry->ref	= ref;
+		    __entry->n_accesses	= n_accesses;
+		    __entry->why	= why;
+			   ),
+
+	    TP_printk("c=%08x %s r=%d a=%d",
+		      __entry->cookie,
+		      __print_symbolic(__entry->why, fscache_access_traces),
+		      __entry->ref,
+		      __entry->n_accesses)
+	    );
+
 TRACE_EVENT(fscache_acquire,
 	    TP_PROTO(struct fscache_cookie *cookie),
 



  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-11-29 14:28 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 73+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-11-29 14:22 [PATCH 00/64] fscache, cachefiles: Rewrite David Howells
2021-11-29 14:22 ` [PATCH 01/64] fscache, cachefiles: Disable configuration David Howells
2021-11-29 14:22 ` [PATCH 02/64] cachefiles: Delete the cachefiles driver pending rewrite David Howells
2021-11-29 14:23 ` [PATCH 03/64] fscache: Remove the contents of the fscache driver, " David Howells
2021-11-29 14:23 ` [PATCH 04/64] netfs: Display the netfs inode number in the netfs_read tracepoint David Howells
2021-11-29 14:23 ` [PATCH 05/64] netfs: Pass a flag to ->prepare_write() to say if there's no alloc'd space David Howells
2021-11-29 14:24 ` [PATCH 06/64] fscache: Introduce new driver David Howells
2021-11-29 14:24 ` [PATCH 07/64] fscache: Implement a hash function David Howells
2021-11-29 14:24 ` [PATCH 08/64] fscache: Implement cache registration David Howells
2021-11-29 14:24 ` [PATCH 09/64] fscache: Implement volume registration David Howells
2021-11-29 14:25 ` [PATCH 10/64] fscache: Implement cookie registration David Howells
2021-11-29 14:25 ` [PATCH 11/64] fscache: Implement cache-level access helpers David Howells
2021-11-29 14:25 ` [PATCH 12/64] fscache: Implement volume-level " David Howells
2021-11-29 14:25 ` David Howells [this message]
2021-11-29 14:26 ` [PATCH 14/64] fscache: Implement functions add/remove a cache David Howells
2021-11-29 14:26 ` [PATCH 15/64] fscache: Provide and use cache methods to lookup/create/free a volume David Howells
2021-11-29 14:26 ` [PATCH 16/64] fscache: Add a function for a cache backend to note an I/O error David Howells
2021-11-29 14:26 ` [PATCH 17/64] fscache: Implement simple cookie state machine David Howells
2021-11-29 14:26 ` [PATCH 18/64] fscache: Implement cookie user counting and resource pinning David Howells
2021-11-29 14:27 ` [PATCH 19/64] fscache: Implement cookie invalidation David Howells
2021-11-29 14:27 ` [PATCH 20/64] fscache: Provide a means to begin an operation David Howells
2021-11-29 14:28 ` [PATCH 21/64] fscache: Count data storage objects in a cache David Howells
2021-11-29 14:28 ` [PATCH 22/64] fscache: Provide read/write stat counters for the cache David Howells
2021-11-29 14:28 ` [PATCH 23/64] fscache: Provide a function to let the netfs update its coherency data David Howells
2021-11-29 14:28 ` [PATCH 24/64] netfs: Pass more information on how to deal with a hole in the cache David Howells
2021-12-06 11:42   ` JeffleXu
2021-12-09 16:49   ` David Howells
2021-11-29 14:28 ` [PATCH 25/64] fscache: Implement raw I/O interface David Howells
2021-11-29 14:29 ` [PATCH 26/64] fscache: Implement higher-level write " David Howells
2021-11-29 14:29 ` [PATCH 27/64] vfs, fscache: Implement pinning of cache usage for writeback David Howells
2021-11-29 14:29 ` [PATCH 28/64] fscache: Provide a function to note the release of a page David Howells
2021-11-29 14:30 ` [PATCH 29/64] fscache: Provide a function to resize a cookie David Howells
2021-11-29 14:30 ` [PATCH 30/64] cachefiles: Introduce rewritten driver David Howells
2021-11-29 14:30 ` [PATCH 31/64] cachefiles: Define structs David Howells
2021-11-29 14:30 ` [PATCH 32/64] cachefiles: Add some error injection support David Howells
2021-11-29 14:30 ` [PATCH 33/64] cachefiles: Add a couple of tracepoints for logging errors David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 34/64] cachefiles: Add cache error reporting macro David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 35/64] cachefiles: Add security derivation David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 36/64] cachefiles: Register a miscdev and parse commands over it David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 37/64] cachefiles: Provide a function to check how much space there is David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 38/64] vfs, cachefiles: Mark a backing file in use with an inode flag David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 39/64] cachefiles: Implement a function to get/create a directory in the cache David Howells
2021-11-29 14:32 ` [PATCH 40/64] cachefiles: Implement cache registration and withdrawal David Howells
2021-11-29 14:32 ` [PATCH 41/64] cachefiles: Implement volume support David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 42/64] cachefiles: Add tracepoints for calls to the VFS David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 43/64] cachefiles: Implement object lifecycle funcs David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 44/64] cachefiles: Implement key to filename encoding David Howells
2021-12-01  5:46   ` JeffleXu
2021-12-01  8:29   ` David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 45/64] cachefiles: Implement metadata/coherency data storage in xattrs David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 46/64] cachefiles: Mark a backing file in use with an inode flag David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 47/64] cachefiles: Implement culling daemon commands David Howells
2021-11-29 14:34 ` [PATCH 48/64] cachefiles: Implement backing file wrangling David Howells
2021-11-29 14:34 ` [PATCH 49/64] cachefiles: Implement begin and end I/O operation David Howells
2021-11-29 14:34 ` [PATCH 50/64] cachefiles: Implement cookie resize for truncate David Howells
2021-11-29 14:34 ` [PATCH 51/64] cachefiles: Implement the I/O routines David Howells
2021-11-30 16:15   ` Nathan Chancellor
2021-11-30 21:05   ` David Howells
2021-11-29 14:34 ` [PATCH 52/64] cachefiles: Allow cachefiles to actually function David Howells
2021-11-29 14:35 ` [PATCH 53/64] fscache, cachefiles: Display stats of no-space events David Howells
2021-11-29 14:35 ` [PATCH 54/64] fscache, cachefiles: Display stat of culling events David Howells
2021-11-29 14:36 ` [PATCH 55/64] afs: Handle len being extending over page end in write_begin/write_end David Howells
2021-11-29 14:36 ` [PATCH 56/64] afs: Fix afs_write_end() to handle len > page size David Howells
2021-11-29 14:36 ` [PATCH 57/64] afs: Convert afs to use the new fscache API David Howells
2021-11-29 14:37 ` [PATCH 58/64] afs: Copy local writes to the cache when writing to the server David Howells
2021-11-29 14:37 ` [PATCH 59/64] afs: Skip truncation on the server of data we haven't written yet David Howells
2021-11-29 14:37 ` [PATCH 60/64] 9p: Use fscache indexing rewrite and reenable caching David Howells
2021-11-29 14:37 ` [PATCH 61/64] 9p: Copy local writes to the cache when writing to the server David Howells
2021-11-29 14:38 ` [PATCH 62/64] nfs: Convert to new fscache volume/cookie API David Howells
2021-11-29 14:38 ` [PATCH 63/64] cifs: Support fscache indexing rewrite (untested) David Howells
2021-11-29 14:38 ` [PATCH 64/64] fscache: Rewrite documentation David Howells
2021-11-29 18:12 ` [PATCH 00/64] fscache, cachefiles: Rewrite Linus Torvalds
2021-11-29 21:40 ` [PATCH 35/64] cachefiles: Add security derivation David Howells

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