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From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
To: linux-cachefs@redhat.com
Cc: dhowells@redhat.com, Trond Myklebust <trondmy@hammerspace.com>,
	Anna Schumaker <anna.schumaker@netapp.com>,
	Steve French <sfrench@samba.org>,
	Dominique Martinet <asmadeus@codewreck.org>,
	Jeff Layton <jlayton@kernel.org>,
	Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>,
	Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>,
	Omar Sandoval <osandov@osandov.com>,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>,
	linux-afs@lists.infradead.org, linux-nfs@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-cifs@vger.kernel.org, ceph-devel@vger.kernel.org,
	v9fs-developer@lists.sourceforge.net,
	linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH 20/64] fscache: Provide a means to begin an operation
Date: Mon, 29 Nov 2021 14:27:16 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <163819603692.215744.146724961588817028.stgit@warthog.procyon.org.uk> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <163819575444.215744.318477214576928110.stgit@warthog.procyon.org.uk>

Provide a function to begin a read operation:

	int fscache_begin_read_operation(
		struct netfs_cache_resources *cres,
		struct fscache_cookie *cookie)

This is primarily intended to be called by network filesystems on behalf of
netfslib, but may also be called to use the I/O access functions directly.
It attaches the resources required by the cache to cres struct from the
supplied cookie.

This holds access to the cache behind the cookie for the duration of the
operation and forces cache withdrawal and cookie invalidation to perform
synchronisation on the operation.  cres->inval_counter is set from the
cookie at this point so that it can be compared at the end of the
operation.

Note that this does not guarantee that the cache state is fully set up and
able to perform I/O immediately; looking up and creation may be left in
progress in the background.  The operations intended to be called by the
network filesystem, such as reading and writing, are expected to wait for
the cookie to move to the correct state.

This will, however, potentially sleep, waiting for a certain minimum state
to be set or for operations such as invalidate to advance far enough that
I/O can resume.


Also provide a function for the cache to call to wait for the cache object
to get to a state where it can be used for certain things:

	bool fscache_wait_for_operation(struct netfs_cache_resources *cres,
					enum fscache_want_stage stage);

This looks at the cache resources provided by the begin function and waits
for them to get to an appropriate stage.  There's a choice of wanting just
some parameters (FSCACHE_WANT_PARAM) or the ability to do I/O
(FSCACHE_WANT_READ or FSCACHE_WANT_WRITE).

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: linux-cachefs@redhat.com
---

 fs/fscache/Makefile            |    1 
 fs/fscache/internal.h          |   11 +++
 fs/fscache/io.c                |  151 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/fscache-cache.h  |   11 +++
 include/linux/fscache.h        |   49 +++++++++++++
 include/trace/events/fscache.h |    6 ++
 6 files changed, 229 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 fs/fscache/io.c

diff --git a/fs/fscache/Makefile b/fs/fscache/Makefile
index bcc79615f93a..afb090ea16c4 100644
--- a/fs/fscache/Makefile
+++ b/fs/fscache/Makefile
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@
 fscache-y := \
 	cache.o \
 	cookie.o \
+	io.o \
 	main.o \
 	volume.o
 
diff --git a/fs/fscache/internal.h b/fs/fscache/internal.h
index e4f3a1a993f6..1308bfff94fb 100644
--- a/fs/fscache/internal.h
+++ b/fs/fscache/internal.h
@@ -70,6 +70,17 @@ static inline void fscache_see_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
 			     where);
 }
 
+/*
+ * io.c
+ */
+static inline void fscache_end_operation(struct netfs_cache_resources *cres)
+{
+	const struct netfs_cache_ops *ops = fscache_operation_valid(cres);
+
+	if (ops)
+		ops->end_operation(cres);
+}
+
 /*
  * main.c
  */
diff --git a/fs/fscache/io.c b/fs/fscache/io.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..460a43473019
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fs/fscache/io.c
@@ -0,0 +1,151 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
+/* Cache data I/O routines
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2021 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
+ * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
+ */
+#define FSCACHE_DEBUG_LEVEL OPERATION
+#include <linux/fscache-cache.h>
+#include <linux/uio.h>
+#include <linux/bvec.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/uio.h>
+#include "internal.h"
+
+/**
+ * fscache_wait_for_operation - Wait for an object become accessible
+ * @cres: The cache resources for the operation being performed
+ * @want_state: The minimum state the object must be at
+ *
+ * See if the target cache object is at the specified minimum state of
+ * accessibility yet, and if not, wait for it.
+ */
+bool fscache_wait_for_operation(struct netfs_cache_resources *cres,
+				enum fscache_want_state want_state)
+{
+	struct fscache_cookie *cookie = fscache_cres_cookie(cres);
+	enum fscache_cookie_state state;
+
+again:
+	if (!fscache_cache_is_live(cookie->volume->cache)) {
+		_leave(" [broken]");
+		return false;
+	}
+
+	state = fscache_cookie_state(cookie);
+	_enter("c=%08x{%u},%x", cookie->debug_id, state, want_state);
+
+	switch (state) {
+	case FSCACHE_COOKIE_STATE_CREATING:
+	case FSCACHE_COOKIE_STATE_INVALIDATING:
+		if (want_state == FSCACHE_WANT_PARAMS)
+			goto ready; /* There can be no content */
+		fallthrough;
+	case FSCACHE_COOKIE_STATE_LOOKING_UP:
+	case FSCACHE_COOKIE_STATE_LRU_DISCARDING:
+		wait_var_event(&cookie->state,
+			       fscache_cookie_state(cookie) != state);
+		goto again;
+
+	case FSCACHE_COOKIE_STATE_ACTIVE:
+		goto ready;
+	case FSCACHE_COOKIE_STATE_DROPPED:
+	case FSCACHE_COOKIE_STATE_RELINQUISHING:
+	default:
+		_leave(" [not live]");
+		return false;
+	}
+
+ready:
+	if (!cres->cache_priv2)
+		return cookie->volume->cache->ops->begin_operation(cres, want_state);
+	return true;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscache_wait_for_operation);
+
+/*
+ * Begin an I/O operation on the cache, waiting till we reach the right state.
+ *
+ * Attaches the resources required to the operation resources record.
+ */
+static int fscache_begin_operation(struct netfs_cache_resources *cres,
+				   struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+				   enum fscache_want_state want_state,
+				   enum fscache_access_trace why)
+{
+	enum fscache_cookie_state state;
+	long timeo;
+	bool once_only = false;
+
+	cres->ops		= NULL;
+	cres->cache_priv	= cookie;
+	cres->cache_priv2	= NULL;
+	cres->debug_id		= cookie->debug_id;
+	cres->inval_counter	= cookie->inval_counter;
+
+	if (!fscache_begin_cookie_access(cookie, why))
+		return -ENOBUFS;
+
+again:
+	spin_lock(&cookie->lock);
+
+	state = fscache_cookie_state(cookie);
+	_enter("c=%08x{%u},%x", cookie->debug_id, state, want_state);
+
+	switch (state) {
+	case FSCACHE_COOKIE_STATE_LOOKING_UP:
+	case FSCACHE_COOKIE_STATE_LRU_DISCARDING:
+	case FSCACHE_COOKIE_STATE_INVALIDATING:
+		goto wait_for_file_wrangling;
+	case FSCACHE_COOKIE_STATE_CREATING:
+		if (want_state == FSCACHE_WANT_PARAMS)
+			goto ready; /* There can be no content */
+		goto wait_for_file_wrangling;
+	case FSCACHE_COOKIE_STATE_ACTIVE:
+		goto ready;
+	case FSCACHE_COOKIE_STATE_DROPPED:
+	case FSCACHE_COOKIE_STATE_RELINQUISHING:
+		WARN(1, "Can't use cookie in state %u\n", cookie->state);
+		goto not_live;
+	default:
+		goto not_live;
+	}
+
+ready:
+	spin_unlock(&cookie->lock);
+	if (!cookie->volume->cache->ops->begin_operation(cres, want_state))
+		goto failed;
+	return 0;
+
+wait_for_file_wrangling:
+	spin_unlock(&cookie->lock);
+	trace_fscache_access(cookie->debug_id, refcount_read(&cookie->ref),
+			     atomic_read(&cookie->n_accesses),
+			     fscache_access_io_wait);
+	timeo = wait_var_event_timeout(&cookie->state,
+				       fscache_cookie_state(cookie) != state, 20 * HZ);
+	if (timeo <= 1 && !once_only) {
+		pr_warn("%s: cookie state change wait timed out: cookie->state=%u state=%u",
+			__func__, fscache_cookie_state(cookie), state);
+		fscache_print_cookie(cookie, 'O');
+		once_only = true;
+	}
+	goto again;
+
+not_live:
+	spin_unlock(&cookie->lock);
+failed:
+	cres->cache_priv = NULL;
+	cres->ops = NULL;
+	fscache_end_cookie_access(cookie, fscache_access_io_not_live);
+	_leave(" = -ENOBUFS");
+	return -ENOBUFS;
+}
+
+int __fscache_begin_read_operation(struct netfs_cache_resources *cres,
+				   struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
+{
+	return fscache_begin_operation(cres, cookie, FSCACHE_WANT_PARAMS,
+				       fscache_access_io_read);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__fscache_begin_read_operation);
diff --git a/include/linux/fscache-cache.h b/include/linux/fscache-cache.h
index 1ad56bfd9d72..566497cf5f13 100644
--- a/include/linux/fscache-cache.h
+++ b/include/linux/fscache-cache.h
@@ -67,6 +67,10 @@ struct fscache_cache_ops {
 	/* Invalidate an object */
 	bool (*invalidate_cookie)(struct fscache_cookie *cookie);
 
+	/* Begin an operation for the netfs lib */
+	bool (*begin_operation)(struct netfs_cache_resources *cres,
+				enum fscache_want_state want_state);
+
 	/* Prepare to write to a live cache object */
 	void (*prepare_to_write)(struct fscache_cookie *cookie);
 };
@@ -101,6 +105,8 @@ extern void fscache_end_cookie_access(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
 extern void fscache_cookie_lookup_negative(struct fscache_cookie *cookie);
 extern void fscache_resume_after_invalidation(struct fscache_cookie *cookie);
 extern void fscache_caching_failed(struct fscache_cookie *cookie);
+extern bool fscache_wait_for_operation(struct netfs_cache_resources *cred,
+				       enum fscache_want_state state);
 
 /**
  * fscache_cookie_state - Read the state of a cookie
@@ -129,4 +135,9 @@ static inline void *fscache_get_key(struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
 		return cookie->key;
 }
 
+static inline struct fscache_cookie *fscache_cres_cookie(struct netfs_cache_resources *cres)
+{
+	return cres->cache_priv;
+}
+
 #endif /* _LINUX_FSCACHE_CACHE_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/fscache.h b/include/linux/fscache.h
index cfbace3bdc88..b60be20107e1 100644
--- a/include/linux/fscache.h
+++ b/include/linux/fscache.h
@@ -41,6 +41,12 @@ struct fscache_cookie;
 
 #define FSCACHE_INVAL_DIO_WRITE		0x01 /* Invalidate due to DIO write */
 
+enum fscache_want_state {
+	FSCACHE_WANT_PARAMS,
+	FSCACHE_WANT_WRITE,
+	FSCACHE_WANT_READ,
+};
+
 /*
  * Data object state.
  */
@@ -156,6 +162,7 @@ extern void __fscache_use_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *, bool);
 extern void __fscache_unuse_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *, const void *, const loff_t *);
 extern void __fscache_relinquish_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *, bool);
 extern void __fscache_invalidate(struct fscache_cookie *, const void *, loff_t, unsigned int);
+extern int __fscache_begin_read_operation(struct netfs_cache_resources *, struct fscache_cookie *);
 
 /**
  * fscache_acquire_volume - Register a volume as desiring caching services
@@ -350,4 +357,46 @@ void fscache_invalidate(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
 		__fscache_invalidate(cookie, aux_data, size, flags);
 }
 
+/**
+ * fscache_operation_valid - Return true if operations resources are usable
+ * @cres: The resources to check.
+ *
+ * Returns a pointer to the operations table if usable or NULL if not.
+ */
+static inline
+const struct netfs_cache_ops *fscache_operation_valid(const struct netfs_cache_resources *cres)
+{
+	return fscache_resources_valid(cres) ? cres->ops : NULL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * fscache_begin_read_operation - Begin a read operation for the netfs lib
+ * @cres: The cache resources for the read being performed
+ * @cookie: The cookie representing the cache object
+ *
+ * Begin a read operation on behalf of the netfs helper library.  @cres
+ * indicates the cache resources to which the operation state should be
+ * attached; @cookie indicates the cache object that will be accessed.
+ *
+ * This is intended to be called from the ->begin_cache_operation() netfs lib
+ * operation as implemented by the network filesystem.
+ *
+ * @cres->inval_counter is set from @cookie->inval_counter for comparison at
+ * the end of the operation.  This allows invalidation during the operation to
+ * be detected by the caller.
+ *
+ * Returns:
+ * * 0		- Success
+ * * -ENOBUFS	- No caching available
+ * * Other error code from the cache, such as -ENOMEM.
+ */
+static inline
+int fscache_begin_read_operation(struct netfs_cache_resources *cres,
+				 struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
+{
+	if (fscache_cookie_enabled(cookie))
+		return __fscache_begin_read_operation(cres, cookie);
+	return -ENOBUFS;
+}
+
 #endif /* _LINUX_FSCACHE_H */
diff --git a/include/trace/events/fscache.h b/include/trace/events/fscache.h
index 5f88479fb06a..d8a8c56eb5d6 100644
--- a/include/trace/events/fscache.h
+++ b/include/trace/events/fscache.h
@@ -76,6 +76,9 @@ enum fscache_access_trace {
 	fscache_access_cache_unpin,
 	fscache_access_invalidate_cookie,
 	fscache_access_invalidate_cookie_end,
+	fscache_access_io_not_live,
+	fscache_access_io_read,
+	fscache_access_io_wait,
 	fscache_access_lookup_cookie,
 	fscache_access_lookup_cookie_end,
 	fscache_access_lookup_cookie_end_failed,
@@ -143,6 +146,9 @@ enum fscache_access_trace {
 	EM(fscache_access_cache_unpin,		"UNPIN cache  ")	\
 	EM(fscache_access_invalidate_cookie,	"BEGIN inval  ")	\
 	EM(fscache_access_invalidate_cookie_end,"END   inval  ")	\
+	EM(fscache_access_io_not_live,		"END   io_notl")	\
+	EM(fscache_access_io_read,		"BEGIN io_read")	\
+	EM(fscache_access_io_wait,		"WAIT  io     ")	\
 	EM(fscache_access_lookup_cookie,	"BEGIN lookup ")	\
 	EM(fscache_access_lookup_cookie_end,	"END   lookup ")	\
 	EM(fscache_access_lookup_cookie_end_failed,"END   lookupf")	\



  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-11-29 14:30 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 73+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-11-29 14:22 [PATCH 00/64] fscache, cachefiles: Rewrite David Howells
2021-11-29 14:22 ` [PATCH 01/64] fscache, cachefiles: Disable configuration David Howells
2021-11-29 14:22 ` [PATCH 02/64] cachefiles: Delete the cachefiles driver pending rewrite David Howells
2021-11-29 14:23 ` [PATCH 03/64] fscache: Remove the contents of the fscache driver, " David Howells
2021-11-29 14:23 ` [PATCH 04/64] netfs: Display the netfs inode number in the netfs_read tracepoint David Howells
2021-11-29 14:23 ` [PATCH 05/64] netfs: Pass a flag to ->prepare_write() to say if there's no alloc'd space David Howells
2021-11-29 14:24 ` [PATCH 06/64] fscache: Introduce new driver David Howells
2021-11-29 14:24 ` [PATCH 07/64] fscache: Implement a hash function David Howells
2021-11-29 14:24 ` [PATCH 08/64] fscache: Implement cache registration David Howells
2021-11-29 14:24 ` [PATCH 09/64] fscache: Implement volume registration David Howells
2021-11-29 14:25 ` [PATCH 10/64] fscache: Implement cookie registration David Howells
2021-11-29 14:25 ` [PATCH 11/64] fscache: Implement cache-level access helpers David Howells
2021-11-29 14:25 ` [PATCH 12/64] fscache: Implement volume-level " David Howells
2021-11-29 14:25 ` [PATCH 13/64] fscache: Implement cookie-level " David Howells
2021-11-29 14:26 ` [PATCH 14/64] fscache: Implement functions add/remove a cache David Howells
2021-11-29 14:26 ` [PATCH 15/64] fscache: Provide and use cache methods to lookup/create/free a volume David Howells
2021-11-29 14:26 ` [PATCH 16/64] fscache: Add a function for a cache backend to note an I/O error David Howells
2021-11-29 14:26 ` [PATCH 17/64] fscache: Implement simple cookie state machine David Howells
2021-11-29 14:26 ` [PATCH 18/64] fscache: Implement cookie user counting and resource pinning David Howells
2021-11-29 14:27 ` [PATCH 19/64] fscache: Implement cookie invalidation David Howells
2021-11-29 14:27 ` David Howells [this message]
2021-11-29 14:28 ` [PATCH 21/64] fscache: Count data storage objects in a cache David Howells
2021-11-29 14:28 ` [PATCH 22/64] fscache: Provide read/write stat counters for the cache David Howells
2021-11-29 14:28 ` [PATCH 23/64] fscache: Provide a function to let the netfs update its coherency data David Howells
2021-11-29 14:28 ` [PATCH 24/64] netfs: Pass more information on how to deal with a hole in the cache David Howells
2021-12-06 11:42   ` JeffleXu
2021-12-09 16:49   ` David Howells
2021-11-29 14:28 ` [PATCH 25/64] fscache: Implement raw I/O interface David Howells
2021-11-29 14:29 ` [PATCH 26/64] fscache: Implement higher-level write " David Howells
2021-11-29 14:29 ` [PATCH 27/64] vfs, fscache: Implement pinning of cache usage for writeback David Howells
2021-11-29 14:29 ` [PATCH 28/64] fscache: Provide a function to note the release of a page David Howells
2021-11-29 14:30 ` [PATCH 29/64] fscache: Provide a function to resize a cookie David Howells
2021-11-29 14:30 ` [PATCH 30/64] cachefiles: Introduce rewritten driver David Howells
2021-11-29 14:30 ` [PATCH 31/64] cachefiles: Define structs David Howells
2021-11-29 14:30 ` [PATCH 32/64] cachefiles: Add some error injection support David Howells
2021-11-29 14:30 ` [PATCH 33/64] cachefiles: Add a couple of tracepoints for logging errors David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 34/64] cachefiles: Add cache error reporting macro David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 35/64] cachefiles: Add security derivation David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 36/64] cachefiles: Register a miscdev and parse commands over it David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 37/64] cachefiles: Provide a function to check how much space there is David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 38/64] vfs, cachefiles: Mark a backing file in use with an inode flag David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 39/64] cachefiles: Implement a function to get/create a directory in the cache David Howells
2021-11-29 14:32 ` [PATCH 40/64] cachefiles: Implement cache registration and withdrawal David Howells
2021-11-29 14:32 ` [PATCH 41/64] cachefiles: Implement volume support David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 42/64] cachefiles: Add tracepoints for calls to the VFS David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 43/64] cachefiles: Implement object lifecycle funcs David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 44/64] cachefiles: Implement key to filename encoding David Howells
2021-12-01  5:46   ` JeffleXu
2021-12-01  8:29   ` David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 45/64] cachefiles: Implement metadata/coherency data storage in xattrs David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 46/64] cachefiles: Mark a backing file in use with an inode flag David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 47/64] cachefiles: Implement culling daemon commands David Howells
2021-11-29 14:34 ` [PATCH 48/64] cachefiles: Implement backing file wrangling David Howells
2021-11-29 14:34 ` [PATCH 49/64] cachefiles: Implement begin and end I/O operation David Howells
2021-11-29 14:34 ` [PATCH 50/64] cachefiles: Implement cookie resize for truncate David Howells
2021-11-29 14:34 ` [PATCH 51/64] cachefiles: Implement the I/O routines David Howells
2021-11-30 16:15   ` Nathan Chancellor
2021-11-30 21:05   ` David Howells
2021-11-29 14:34 ` [PATCH 52/64] cachefiles: Allow cachefiles to actually function David Howells
2021-11-29 14:35 ` [PATCH 53/64] fscache, cachefiles: Display stats of no-space events David Howells
2021-11-29 14:35 ` [PATCH 54/64] fscache, cachefiles: Display stat of culling events David Howells
2021-11-29 14:36 ` [PATCH 55/64] afs: Handle len being extending over page end in write_begin/write_end David Howells
2021-11-29 14:36 ` [PATCH 56/64] afs: Fix afs_write_end() to handle len > page size David Howells
2021-11-29 14:36 ` [PATCH 57/64] afs: Convert afs to use the new fscache API David Howells
2021-11-29 14:37 ` [PATCH 58/64] afs: Copy local writes to the cache when writing to the server David Howells
2021-11-29 14:37 ` [PATCH 59/64] afs: Skip truncation on the server of data we haven't written yet David Howells
2021-11-29 14:37 ` [PATCH 60/64] 9p: Use fscache indexing rewrite and reenable caching David Howells
2021-11-29 14:37 ` [PATCH 61/64] 9p: Copy local writes to the cache when writing to the server David Howells
2021-11-29 14:38 ` [PATCH 62/64] nfs: Convert to new fscache volume/cookie API David Howells
2021-11-29 14:38 ` [PATCH 63/64] cifs: Support fscache indexing rewrite (untested) David Howells
2021-11-29 14:38 ` [PATCH 64/64] fscache: Rewrite documentation David Howells
2021-11-29 18:12 ` [PATCH 00/64] fscache, cachefiles: Rewrite Linus Torvalds
2021-11-29 21:40 ` [PATCH 35/64] cachefiles: Add security derivation David Howells

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