All of lore.kernel.org
 help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
To: linux-cachefs@redhat.com
Cc: dhowells@redhat.com, Trond Myklebust <trondmy@hammerspace.com>,
	Anna Schumaker <anna.schumaker@netapp.com>,
	Steve French <sfrench@samba.org>,
	Dominique Martinet <asmadeus@codewreck.org>,
	Jeff Layton <jlayton@kernel.org>,
	Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>,
	Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>,
	Omar Sandoval <osandov@osandov.com>,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>,
	linux-afs@lists.infradead.org, linux-nfs@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-cifs@vger.kernel.org, ceph-devel@vger.kernel.org,
	v9fs-developer@lists.sourceforge.net,
	linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH 27/64] vfs, fscache: Implement pinning of cache usage for writeback
Date: Mon, 29 Nov 2021 14:29:11 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <163819615157.215744.17623791756928043114.stgit@warthog.procyon.org.uk> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <163819575444.215744.318477214576928110.stgit@warthog.procyon.org.uk>

Cachefiles has a problem in that it needs to keep the backing file for a
cookie open whilst there are local modifications pending that need to be
written to it.  However, we don't want to keep the file open indefinitely,
as that causes EMFILE/ENFILE/ENOMEM problems.

Reopening the cache file, however, is a problem if this is being done due
to writeback triggered by exit().  Some filesystems will oops if we try to
open a file in that context because they want to access current->fs or
other resources that have already been dismantled.

To get around this, I added the following:

 (1) An inode flag, I_PINNING_FSCACHE_WB, to be set on a network filesystem
     inode to indicate that we have a usage count on the cookie caching
     that inode.

 (2) A flag in struct writeback_control, unpinned_fscache_wb, that is set
     when __writeback_single_inode() clears the last dirty page from
     i_pages - at which point it clears I_PINNING_FSCACHE_WB and sets this
     flag.

     This has to be done here so that clearing I_PINNING_FSCACHE_WB can be
     done atomically with the check of PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY that clears
     I_DIRTY_PAGES.

 (3) A function, fscache_set_page_dirty(), which if it is not set, sets
     I_PINNING_FSCACHE_WB and calls fscache_use_cookie() to pin the cache
     resources.

 (4) A function, fscache_unpin_writeback(), to be called by ->write_inode()
     to unuse the cookie.

 (5) A function, fscache_clear_inode_writeback(), to be called when the
     inode is evicted, before clear_inode() is called.  This cleans up any
     lingering I_PINNING_FSCACHE_WB.

The network filesystem can then use these tools to make sure that
fscache_write_to_cache() can write locally modified data to the cache as
well as to the server.

For the future, I'm working on write helpers for netfs lib that should
allow this facility to be removed by keeping track of the dirty regions
separately - but that's incomplete at the moment and is also going to be
affected by folios, one way or another, since it deals with pages

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>cc: linux-cachefs@redhat.com
---

 fs/fs-writeback.c         |    8 ++++++++
 fs/fscache/io.c           |   38 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/fs.h        |    3 +++
 include/linux/fscache.h   |   41 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/writeback.h |    1 +
 5 files changed, 91 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/fs-writeback.c b/fs/fs-writeback.c
index 67f0e88eed01..8294a60ce323 100644
--- a/fs/fs-writeback.c
+++ b/fs/fs-writeback.c
@@ -1666,6 +1666,13 @@ __writeback_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc)
 
 	if (mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY))
 		inode->i_state |= I_DIRTY_PAGES;
+	else if (unlikely(inode->i_state & I_PINNING_FSCACHE_WB)) {
+		if (!(inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_PAGES)) {
+			inode->i_state &= ~I_PINNING_FSCACHE_WB;
+			wbc->unpinned_fscache_wb = true;
+			dirty |= I_PINNING_FSCACHE_WB; /* Cause write_inode */
+		}
+	}
 
 	spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
 
@@ -1675,6 +1682,7 @@ __writeback_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc)
 		if (ret == 0)
 			ret = err;
 	}
+	wbc->unpinned_fscache_wb = false;
 	trace_writeback_single_inode(inode, wbc, nr_to_write);
 	return ret;
 }
diff --git a/fs/fscache/io.c b/fs/fscache/io.c
index 74cde7acf434..e9e5d6758ea8 100644
--- a/fs/fscache/io.c
+++ b/fs/fscache/io.c
@@ -150,6 +150,44 @@ int __fscache_begin_read_operation(struct netfs_cache_resources *cres,
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(__fscache_begin_read_operation);
 
+/**
+ * fscache_set_page_dirty - Mark page dirty and pin a cache object for writeback
+ * @page: The page being dirtied
+ * @cookie: The cookie referring to the cache object
+ *
+ * Set the dirty flag on a page and pin an in-use cache object in memory when
+ * dirtying a page so that writeback can later write to it.  This is intended
+ * to be called from the filesystem's ->set_page_dirty() method.
+ *
+ *  Returns 1 if PG_dirty was set on the page, 0 otherwise.
+ */
+int fscache_set_page_dirty(struct page *page, struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
+{
+	struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host;
+	bool need_use = false;
+
+	_enter("");
+
+	if (!__set_page_dirty_nobuffers(page))
+		return 0;
+	if (!fscache_cookie_valid(cookie))
+		return 1;
+
+	if (!(inode->i_state & I_PINNING_FSCACHE_WB)) {
+		spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
+		if (!(inode->i_state & I_PINNING_FSCACHE_WB)) {
+			inode->i_state |= I_PINNING_FSCACHE_WB;
+			need_use = true;
+		}
+		spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+
+		if (need_use)
+			fscache_use_cookie(cookie, true);
+	}
+	return 1;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscache_set_page_dirty);
+
 struct fscache_write_request {
 	struct netfs_cache_resources cache_resources;
 	struct address_space	*mapping;
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index 1cb616fc1105..473ea3ff0ad4 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -2418,6 +2418,8 @@ static inline void kiocb_clone(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct kiocb *kiocb_src,
  *			Used to detect that mark_inode_dirty() should not move
  * 			inode between dirty lists.
  *
+ * I_PINNING_FSCACHE_WB	Inode is pinning an fscache object for writeback.
+ *
  * Q: What is the difference between I_WILL_FREE and I_FREEING?
  */
 #define I_DIRTY_SYNC		(1 << 0)
@@ -2440,6 +2442,7 @@ static inline void kiocb_clone(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct kiocb *kiocb_src,
 #define I_CREATING		(1 << 15)
 #define I_DONTCACHE		(1 << 16)
 #define I_SYNC_QUEUED		(1 << 17)
+#define I_PINNING_FSCACHE_WB	(1 << 18)
 
 #define I_DIRTY_INODE (I_DIRTY_SYNC | I_DIRTY_DATASYNC)
 #define I_DIRTY (I_DIRTY_INODE | I_DIRTY_PAGES)
diff --git a/include/linux/fscache.h b/include/linux/fscache.h
index a98c5eb865a2..912ed2d7462a 100644
--- a/include/linux/fscache.h
+++ b/include/linux/fscache.h
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
 
 #include <linux/fs.h>
 #include <linux/netfs.h>
+#include <linux/writeback.h>
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_FSCACHE) || defined(CONFIG_FSCACHE_MODULE)
 #define __fscache_available (1)
@@ -558,4 +559,44 @@ static inline void fscache_write_to_cache(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
 
 }
 
+#if __fscache_available
+extern int fscache_set_page_dirty(struct page *page, struct fscache_cookie *cookie);
+#else
+#define fscache_set_page_dirty(PAGE, COOKIE) (__set_page_dirty_nobuffers((PAGE)))
+#endif
+
+/**
+ * fscache_unpin_writeback - Unpin writeback resources
+ * @wbc: The writeback control
+ * @cookie: The cookie referring to the cache object
+ *
+ * Unpin the writeback resources pinned by fscache_set_page_dirty().  This is
+ * intended to be called by the netfs's ->write_inode() method.
+ */
+static inline void fscache_unpin_writeback(struct writeback_control *wbc,
+					   struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
+{
+	if (wbc->unpinned_fscache_wb)
+		fscache_unuse_cookie(cookie, NULL, NULL);
+}
+
+/**
+ * fscache_clear_inode_writeback - Clear writeback resources pinned by an inode
+ * @cookie: The cookie referring to the cache object
+ * @inode: The inode to clean up
+ * @aux: Auxiliary data to apply to the inode
+ *
+ * Clear any writeback resources held by an inode when the inode is evicted.
+ * This must be called before clear_inode() is called.
+ */
+static inline void fscache_clear_inode_writeback(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+						 struct inode *inode,
+						 const void *aux)
+{
+	if (inode->i_state & I_PINNING_FSCACHE_WB) {
+		loff_t i_size = i_size_read(inode);
+		fscache_unuse_cookie(cookie, aux, &i_size);
+	}
+}
+
 #endif /* _LINUX_FSCACHE_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/writeback.h b/include/linux/writeback.h
index 3bfd487d1dd2..fec248ab1fec 100644
--- a/include/linux/writeback.h
+++ b/include/linux/writeback.h
@@ -68,6 +68,7 @@ struct writeback_control {
 	unsigned for_reclaim:1;		/* Invoked from the page allocator */
 	unsigned range_cyclic:1;	/* range_start is cyclic */
 	unsigned for_sync:1;		/* sync(2) WB_SYNC_ALL writeback */
+	unsigned unpinned_fscache_wb:1;	/* Cleared I_PINNING_FSCACHE_WB */
 
 	/*
 	 * When writeback IOs are bounced through async layers, only the



  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-11-29 14:32 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 73+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-11-29 14:22 [PATCH 00/64] fscache, cachefiles: Rewrite David Howells
2021-11-29 14:22 ` [PATCH 01/64] fscache, cachefiles: Disable configuration David Howells
2021-11-29 14:22 ` [PATCH 02/64] cachefiles: Delete the cachefiles driver pending rewrite David Howells
2021-11-29 14:23 ` [PATCH 03/64] fscache: Remove the contents of the fscache driver, " David Howells
2021-11-29 14:23 ` [PATCH 04/64] netfs: Display the netfs inode number in the netfs_read tracepoint David Howells
2021-11-29 14:23 ` [PATCH 05/64] netfs: Pass a flag to ->prepare_write() to say if there's no alloc'd space David Howells
2021-11-29 14:24 ` [PATCH 06/64] fscache: Introduce new driver David Howells
2021-11-29 14:24 ` [PATCH 07/64] fscache: Implement a hash function David Howells
2021-11-29 14:24 ` [PATCH 08/64] fscache: Implement cache registration David Howells
2021-11-29 14:24 ` [PATCH 09/64] fscache: Implement volume registration David Howells
2021-11-29 14:25 ` [PATCH 10/64] fscache: Implement cookie registration David Howells
2021-11-29 14:25 ` [PATCH 11/64] fscache: Implement cache-level access helpers David Howells
2021-11-29 14:25 ` [PATCH 12/64] fscache: Implement volume-level " David Howells
2021-11-29 14:25 ` [PATCH 13/64] fscache: Implement cookie-level " David Howells
2021-11-29 14:26 ` [PATCH 14/64] fscache: Implement functions add/remove a cache David Howells
2021-11-29 14:26 ` [PATCH 15/64] fscache: Provide and use cache methods to lookup/create/free a volume David Howells
2021-11-29 14:26 ` [PATCH 16/64] fscache: Add a function for a cache backend to note an I/O error David Howells
2021-11-29 14:26 ` [PATCH 17/64] fscache: Implement simple cookie state machine David Howells
2021-11-29 14:26 ` [PATCH 18/64] fscache: Implement cookie user counting and resource pinning David Howells
2021-11-29 14:27 ` [PATCH 19/64] fscache: Implement cookie invalidation David Howells
2021-11-29 14:27 ` [PATCH 20/64] fscache: Provide a means to begin an operation David Howells
2021-11-29 14:28 ` [PATCH 21/64] fscache: Count data storage objects in a cache David Howells
2021-11-29 14:28 ` [PATCH 22/64] fscache: Provide read/write stat counters for the cache David Howells
2021-11-29 14:28 ` [PATCH 23/64] fscache: Provide a function to let the netfs update its coherency data David Howells
2021-11-29 14:28 ` [PATCH 24/64] netfs: Pass more information on how to deal with a hole in the cache David Howells
2021-12-06 11:42   ` JeffleXu
2021-12-09 16:49   ` David Howells
2021-11-29 14:28 ` [PATCH 25/64] fscache: Implement raw I/O interface David Howells
2021-11-29 14:29 ` [PATCH 26/64] fscache: Implement higher-level write " David Howells
2021-11-29 14:29 ` David Howells [this message]
2021-11-29 14:29 ` [PATCH 28/64] fscache: Provide a function to note the release of a page David Howells
2021-11-29 14:30 ` [PATCH 29/64] fscache: Provide a function to resize a cookie David Howells
2021-11-29 14:30 ` [PATCH 30/64] cachefiles: Introduce rewritten driver David Howells
2021-11-29 14:30 ` [PATCH 31/64] cachefiles: Define structs David Howells
2021-11-29 14:30 ` [PATCH 32/64] cachefiles: Add some error injection support David Howells
2021-11-29 14:30 ` [PATCH 33/64] cachefiles: Add a couple of tracepoints for logging errors David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 34/64] cachefiles: Add cache error reporting macro David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 35/64] cachefiles: Add security derivation David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 36/64] cachefiles: Register a miscdev and parse commands over it David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 37/64] cachefiles: Provide a function to check how much space there is David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 38/64] vfs, cachefiles: Mark a backing file in use with an inode flag David Howells
2021-11-29 14:31 ` [PATCH 39/64] cachefiles: Implement a function to get/create a directory in the cache David Howells
2021-11-29 14:32 ` [PATCH 40/64] cachefiles: Implement cache registration and withdrawal David Howells
2021-11-29 14:32 ` [PATCH 41/64] cachefiles: Implement volume support David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 42/64] cachefiles: Add tracepoints for calls to the VFS David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 43/64] cachefiles: Implement object lifecycle funcs David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 44/64] cachefiles: Implement key to filename encoding David Howells
2021-12-01  5:46   ` JeffleXu
2021-12-01  8:29   ` David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 45/64] cachefiles: Implement metadata/coherency data storage in xattrs David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 46/64] cachefiles: Mark a backing file in use with an inode flag David Howells
2021-11-29 14:33 ` [PATCH 47/64] cachefiles: Implement culling daemon commands David Howells
2021-11-29 14:34 ` [PATCH 48/64] cachefiles: Implement backing file wrangling David Howells
2021-11-29 14:34 ` [PATCH 49/64] cachefiles: Implement begin and end I/O operation David Howells
2021-11-29 14:34 ` [PATCH 50/64] cachefiles: Implement cookie resize for truncate David Howells
2021-11-29 14:34 ` [PATCH 51/64] cachefiles: Implement the I/O routines David Howells
2021-11-30 16:15   ` Nathan Chancellor
2021-11-30 21:05   ` David Howells
2021-11-29 14:34 ` [PATCH 52/64] cachefiles: Allow cachefiles to actually function David Howells
2021-11-29 14:35 ` [PATCH 53/64] fscache, cachefiles: Display stats of no-space events David Howells
2021-11-29 14:35 ` [PATCH 54/64] fscache, cachefiles: Display stat of culling events David Howells
2021-11-29 14:36 ` [PATCH 55/64] afs: Handle len being extending over page end in write_begin/write_end David Howells
2021-11-29 14:36 ` [PATCH 56/64] afs: Fix afs_write_end() to handle len > page size David Howells
2021-11-29 14:36 ` [PATCH 57/64] afs: Convert afs to use the new fscache API David Howells
2021-11-29 14:37 ` [PATCH 58/64] afs: Copy local writes to the cache when writing to the server David Howells
2021-11-29 14:37 ` [PATCH 59/64] afs: Skip truncation on the server of data we haven't written yet David Howells
2021-11-29 14:37 ` [PATCH 60/64] 9p: Use fscache indexing rewrite and reenable caching David Howells
2021-11-29 14:37 ` [PATCH 61/64] 9p: Copy local writes to the cache when writing to the server David Howells
2021-11-29 14:38 ` [PATCH 62/64] nfs: Convert to new fscache volume/cookie API David Howells
2021-11-29 14:38 ` [PATCH 63/64] cifs: Support fscache indexing rewrite (untested) David Howells
2021-11-29 14:38 ` [PATCH 64/64] fscache: Rewrite documentation David Howells
2021-11-29 18:12 ` [PATCH 00/64] fscache, cachefiles: Rewrite Linus Torvalds
2021-11-29 21:40 ` [PATCH 35/64] cachefiles: Add security derivation David Howells

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=163819615157.215744.17623791756928043114.stgit@warthog.procyon.org.uk \
    --to=dhowells@redhat.com \
    --cc=anna.schumaker@netapp.com \
    --cc=asmadeus@codewreck.org \
    --cc=ceph-devel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=jlayton@kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-afs@lists.infradead.org \
    --cc=linux-cachefs@redhat.com \
    --cc=linux-cifs@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-nfs@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=osandov@osandov.com \
    --cc=sfrench@samba.org \
    --cc=torvalds@linux-foundation.org \
    --cc=trondmy@hammerspace.com \
    --cc=v9fs-developer@lists.sourceforge.net \
    --cc=viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk \
    --cc=willy@infradead.org \
    --subject='Re: [PATCH 27/64] vfs, fscache: Implement pinning of cache usage for writeback' \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is an external index of several public inboxes,
see mirroring instructions on how to clone and mirror
all data and code used by this external index.