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From: Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@gmail.com>
To: Elijah Newren <newren@gmail.com>
Cc: "Johannes Schindelin" <Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de>,
	"Phillip Wood" <phillip.wood@dunelm.org.uk>,
	"Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget" <gitgitgadget@gmail.com>,
	"Git Mailing List" <git@vger.kernel.org>,
	"Denton Liu" <liu.denton@gmail.com>,
	"Junio C Hamano" <gitster@pobox.com>,
	"Pavel Roskin" <plroskin@gmail.com>,
	"Alban Gruin" <alban.gruin@gmail.com>,
	"SZEDER Gábor" <szeder.dev@gmail.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 15/15] rebase: change the default backend from "am" to "merge"
Date: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 22:39:12 +0000
Message-ID: <20200116223912.GB71299@google.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CABPp-BHiYDLRgPX4A1-8f-zgfsDqf6PkToStaV3ukC5Dsq=3-w@mail.gmail.com>

Elijah Newren wrote:
> On Thu, Jan 16, 2020 at 12:35 PM Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@gmail.com> wrote:

>> Historically "git cherry-pick" ran "git commit", causing it to run the
>
> What do you mean "historically"?

Before 356ee4659bb (sequencer: try to commit without forking 'git
commit', 2017-11-24).  See also 4627bc777e9 (sequencer: run
post-commit hook, 2019-10-15).

>                                  I'm pretty sure this piece of code
> is shared in the sequencer between rebase -i, rebase --merge, and
> cherry-pick, so all three currently call post-commit unless I'm
> mistaken.

Yep, that's right.

[...]
>>  A. run post-commit hook consistently in rebase --am and --merge modes
>
> Could you spell these out a bit more?  I think by this option you mean
> "Always run post-commit when commits are created", which includes
> whether those commits were created by git-commit, git-rebase (any
> backend), git-merge, git-cherry-pick, git-revert, git-am, etc. (but
> with a glaring exception for fast-import and things that call it, much
> like the exception post-rewrite already carves out for it).
>
> Much as I don't see a reason to make rebase --merge different than
> rebase --am, I don't see a reason to differentiate between git-merge
> and git-commit.  I also don't see why rebase --am should be different
> than am.

Sure, that matches the general gist behind (A).

[...]
>>  B. stop running the post-commit hook in rebase
>
> AND sometimes in both cherry-pick and git-revert, depending on the
> number of commit(s) picked/reverted (see below).

Interesting.  Doesn't "git cherry-pick A..B" run post-commit after
each commit today?  It would be possible to do (B) and retain that
behavior.

> Also, even if we go this route, I think the post-commit hook should be
> added to git-merge whenever it creates a merge commit.

Agreed.

>>     Advantages:
>>     * makes --am and --merge consistent with minimal user impact
>
> ...and also makes --interactive and --exec and other cases consistent too.

Hm.  My initial thought with (B) was to stop running post-commit in
non-interactive rebase but keep running it in rebase --interactive.

I don't have a strong opinion about this, though.

>>     Disadvantages:
>>     * meaning of the post-commit hook remains a muddle
>
> Why?  "Commands which create no more than one commit (git-commit,
> git-merge, maybe single-commit git-revert or git-cherry-pick) call
> post-commit, commands which create several commits derived from others
> (git-am, git-rebase, git-cherry-pick, sometimes git-revert ) call
> post-rewrite instead for performance reasons"

Example: if I run "git revert A..B", following that rule we'd want to
call post-rewrite instead of post-commit.  But post-rewrite gets input

	<old-sha1> SP <new-sha1> [ SP <extra-info> ] LF

so that it can be used to copy data such as notes.  What do I pass in as
<old-sha1>?

Relatedly, if I remember correctly, we don't call post-rewrite in "git
cherry-pick" because cherry-pick is considered to represent a *new*
commit instead of a modified version of the old one.  In C++ terms,
it's a copy constructor instead of a move constructor. ;-)  See
notes.rewrite.* in "git help notes" for more on that subject.

[...]
>>  C. stop running the post-commit hook in rebase --merge or commit --amend
>>
>>     Advantages:
>>     * produces a consistent definition of post-commit ("it's about new
>>       commits only")
>
> But cherry-pick never creates "new" commits if commit --amend doesn't,
> so we'd also want to turn the post-commit hook off for cherry-pick,
> right?

With the copy/modify distinction described above, "git commit --amend"
acts as a "modify" operation in a user's workflow, while "git
cherry-pick" acts as a "copy" operation.

That means that with this definition, post-commit is appropriate to
run in cherry-pick but not in commit --amend.

This matches the distinction used by note rewriting and the
post-rewrite hook.  Looking back at the discussion in
https://lore.kernel.org/git/cover.1266164150.git.trast@student.ethz.ch/
I don't see this covered, so it's possible I'm remembering wrong (a
pointer to the motivating discussion that inspired that patch series
would be welcome).  In the context of note copying, this distinction
ended up being a good decision in practice in most workflows I've
seen.

[...]
>>     Disadvantages:
>>     * the change to historical "git commit --amend" behavior is likely
>>       to be surprising
>
> That is certainly one issue, but I'd say this case is riddled with
> problems and is the most muddled of all.

I'm inclined to agree, based on the "git commit --amend" example.

[...]
> I think it was useful to phrase it this way and list the various
> advantages, disadvantages, and mitigations; thanks.
>
> Is there anything I've missed in my additional details?  Anything
> sound crazy (beyond what I said I think case C leads to)?

To sum it up, I lean toward (B), but (A) is not so bad, either
(especially with the "I need some time to adapt to the change" opt-out
config described under mitigations).

Thanks for patiently working it through with me.

My two cents,
Jonathan

  reply index

Thread overview: 161+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-12-20 17:09 [PATCH 00/15] rebase: make the default backend configurable Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-20 17:09 ` [PATCH 01/15] rebase: extend the options for handling of empty commits Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-20 21:29   ` Junio C Hamano
2019-12-21  0:32     ` Elijah Newren
2019-12-21 18:52       ` Elijah Newren
2019-12-21 23:49       ` Junio C Hamano
2019-12-20 17:09 ` [PATCH 02/15] t3406: simplify an already simple test Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-20 17:09 ` [PATCH 03/15] rebase, sequencer: remove the broken GIT_QUIET handling Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-20 21:34   ` Junio C Hamano
2019-12-20 17:09 ` [PATCH 04/15] rebase: make sure to pass along the quiet flag to the sequencer Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-20 17:09 ` [PATCH 05/15] rebase: fix handling of restrict_revision Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-20 21:37   ` Junio C Hamano
2019-12-20 17:09 ` [PATCH 06/15] t3432: make these tests work with either am or merge backends Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-22  5:11   ` Denton Liu
2019-12-23 17:17     ` Elijah Newren
2019-12-20 17:09 ` [PATCH 07/15] rebase: allow more types of rebases to fast-forward Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-20 17:09 ` [PATCH 08/15] git-rebase.txt: add more details about behavioral differences of backends Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-20 17:09 ` [PATCH 09/15] rebase: move incompatibility checks between backend options a bit earlier Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-20 17:09 ` [PATCH 10/15] rebase: add an --am option Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-20 17:09 ` [PATCH 11/15] contrib: change the prompt for am-based rebases Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-20 23:07   ` SZEDER Gábor
2019-12-21  0:17     ` Elijah Newren
2019-12-20 17:09 ` [PATCH 12/15] rebase tests: mark tests specific to the am-backend with --am Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-20 17:09 ` [PATCH 13/15] rebase tests: repeat some tests using the merge backend instead of am Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-20 17:09 ` [PATCH 14/15] rebase: make the backend configurable via config setting Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-20 17:09 ` [PATCH 15/15] rebase: change the default backend from "am" to "merge" Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-20 18:51 ` [PATCH 00/15] rebase: make the default backend configurable Alban Gruin
2019-12-20 18:55   ` Elijah Newren
2019-12-23 18:49 ` [PATCH v2 " Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-23 18:49   ` [PATCH v2 01/15] rebase: extend the options for handling of empty commits Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-23 18:49   ` [PATCH v2 02/15] t3406: simplify an already simple test Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-23 18:49   ` [PATCH v2 03/15] rebase, sequencer: remove the broken GIT_QUIET handling Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-23 18:49   ` [PATCH v2 04/15] rebase: make sure to pass along the quiet flag to the sequencer Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-23 18:49   ` [PATCH v2 05/15] rebase: fix handling of restrict_revision Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-23 18:49   ` [PATCH v2 06/15] t3432: make these tests work with either am or merge backends Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-23 18:49   ` [PATCH v2 07/15] rebase: allow more types of rebases to fast-forward Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-23 18:49   ` [PATCH v2 08/15] git-rebase.txt: add more details about behavioral differences of backends Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-23 18:49   ` [PATCH v2 09/15] rebase: move incompatibility checks between backend options a bit earlier Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-23 18:49   ` [PATCH v2 10/15] rebase: add an --am option Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-23 18:49   ` [PATCH v2 11/15] contrib: change the prompt for interactive-based rebases Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-23 22:00     ` Denton Liu
2019-12-23 18:49   ` [PATCH v2 12/15] rebase tests: mark tests specific to the am-backend with --am Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-23 18:49   ` [PATCH v2 13/15] rebase tests: repeat some tests using the merge backend instead of am Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-23 18:49   ` [PATCH v2 14/15] rebase: make the backend configurable via config setting Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-23 18:49   ` [PATCH v2 15/15] rebase: change the default backend from "am" to "merge" Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-24 19:54   ` [PATCH v3 00/15] rebase: make the default backend configurable Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-24 19:54     ` [PATCH v3 01/15] rebase: extend the options for handling of empty commits Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-07 14:37       ` Phillip Wood
2020-01-07 19:15         ` Elijah Newren
2020-01-08 14:27           ` Phillip Wood
2020-01-09 21:32             ` Johannes Schindelin
2019-12-24 19:54     ` [PATCH v3 02/15] t3406: simplify an already simple test Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-24 19:54     ` [PATCH v3 03/15] rebase, sequencer: remove the broken GIT_QUIET handling Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-24 19:54     ` [PATCH v3 04/15] rebase: make sure to pass along the quiet flag to the sequencer Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-24 19:54     ` [PATCH v3 05/15] rebase: fix handling of restrict_revision Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-24 19:54     ` [PATCH v3 06/15] t3432: make these tests work with either am or merge backends Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-24 19:54     ` [PATCH v3 07/15] rebase: allow more types of rebases to fast-forward Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-24 19:54     ` [PATCH v3 08/15] git-rebase.txt: add more details about behavioral differences of backends Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-24 19:54     ` [PATCH v3 09/15] rebase: move incompatibility checks between backend options a bit earlier Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-24 19:54     ` [PATCH v3 10/15] rebase: add an --am option Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-07 14:43       ` Phillip Wood
2020-01-07 19:26         ` Elijah Newren
2020-01-07 20:11           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-01-08 14:32             ` Phillip Wood
2020-01-08 17:18               ` Junio C Hamano
2020-01-08 18:55                 ` Phillip Wood
2019-12-24 19:54     ` [PATCH v3 11/15] git-prompt: change the prompt for interactive-based rebases Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-24 19:54     ` [PATCH v3 12/15] rebase tests: mark tests specific to the am-backend with --am Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-24 19:54     ` [PATCH v3 13/15] rebase tests: repeat some tests using the merge backend instead of am Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-24 19:54     ` [PATCH v3 14/15] rebase: make the backend configurable via config setting Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2019-12-24 19:54     ` [PATCH v3 15/15] rebase: change the default backend from "am" to "merge" Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-10 23:14       ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-01-11  1:16         ` Elijah Newren
2020-01-11 14:41           ` Phillip Wood
2020-01-12 17:59             ` Johannes Schindelin
2020-01-16  6:32               ` Elijah Newren
2020-01-16  7:58                 ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-01-16  8:06                   ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-01-16 16:18                     ` Elijah Newren
2020-01-16 20:35                       ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-01-16 21:30                         ` Elijah Newren
2020-01-16 22:39                           ` Jonathan Nieder [this message]
2020-01-16 23:19                             ` Elijah Newren
2020-01-16 23:25                           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-01-17  0:51                             ` Elijah Newren
2020-01-16 15:35                   ` Elijah Newren
2020-01-16 20:05                   ` Junio C Hamano
2020-01-16 10:48                 ` Johannes Schindelin
2020-01-12 21:23             ` Junio C Hamano
2020-01-15 19:50             ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-01-15 21:59               ` Emily Shaffer
2020-01-16  6:14     ` [PATCH v4 00/19] rebase: make the default backend configurable Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 01/19] git-rebase.txt: update description of --allow-empty-message Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-09 15:59         ` Phillip Wood
2020-02-13 18:35           ` Elijah Newren
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 02/19] t3404: directly test the behavior of interest Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 03/19] rebase (interactive-backend): make --keep-empty the default Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-09 15:59         ` Phillip Wood
2020-02-13 18:52           ` Elijah Newren
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 04/19] rebase (interactive-backend): fix handling of commits that become empty Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-10 14:27         ` Phillip Wood
2020-02-13 18:54           ` Elijah Newren
2020-02-16 14:46             ` Phillip Wood
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 05/19] t3406: simplify an already simple test Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 06/19] rebase, sequencer: remove the broken GIT_QUIET handling Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 07/19] rebase: make sure to pass along the quiet flag to the sequencer Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 08/19] rebase: fix handling of restrict_revision Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 09/19] t3432: make these tests work with either am or merge backends Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 10/19] rebase: allow more types of rebases to fast-forward Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 11/19] git-rebase.txt: add more details about behavioral differences of backends Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 12/19] rebase: move incompatibility checks between backend options a bit earlier Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 13/19] rebase: add an --am option Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 14/19] git-prompt: change the prompt for interactive-based rebases Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 15/19] rebase: drop '-i' from the reflog " Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 16/19] rebase tests: mark tests specific to the am-backend with --am Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 17/19] rebase tests: repeat some tests using the merge backend instead of am Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 18/19] rebase: make the backend configurable via config setting Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-16  6:14       ` [PATCH v4 19/19] rebase: change the default backend from "am" to "merge" Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-01-17 16:58       ` [PATCH v4 00/19] rebase: make the default backend configurable Phillip Wood
2020-02-05 21:06         ` Junio C Hamano
2020-02-05 22:38           ` Elijah Newren
2020-02-15 21:36       ` [PATCH v5 00/20] rebase: make the default backend configurable and change the default Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 01/20] git-rebase.txt: update description of --allow-empty-message Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 02/20] t3404: directly test the behavior of interest Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 03/20] rebase (interactive-backend): make --keep-empty the default Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 04/20] rebase (interactive-backend): fix handling of commits that become empty Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 05/20] t3406: simplify an already simple test Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 06/20] rebase, sequencer: remove the broken GIT_QUIET handling Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 07/20] rebase: make sure to pass along the quiet flag to the sequencer Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 08/20] rebase: fix handling of restrict_revision Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 09/20] t3432: make these tests work with either am or merge backends Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 10/20] rebase: allow more types of rebases to fast-forward Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 11/20] git-rebase.txt: add more details about behavioral differences of backends Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 12/20] rebase: move incompatibility checks between backend options a bit earlier Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 13/20] rebase: add an --am option Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 14/20] git-prompt: change the prompt for interactive-based rebases Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 15/20] rebase: drop '-i' from the reflog " Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 16/20] rebase tests: mark tests specific to the am-backend with --am Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 17/20] rebase tests: repeat some tests using the merge backend instead of am Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 18/20] rebase: make the backend configurable via config setting Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 19/20] rebase: change the default backend from "am" to "merge" Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 21:36         ` [PATCH v5 20/20] rebase: rename the two primary rebase backends Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-12 15:13           ` Emily Shaffer
2020-03-12 16:33             ` Elijah Newren
2020-03-12 17:55               ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-03-12 18:39                 ` Elijah Newren
2020-03-12 18:46                   ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-03-12 19:31                     ` Elijah Newren
2020-03-17  2:58                       ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-03-17  4:45                         ` Elijah Newren
2020-03-12 19:54                     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-12 19:07               ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-12 19:12                 ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-03-12 19:12               ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-12 19:29                 ` Elijah Newren
2020-03-12 20:37                   ` Jeff King
2020-03-12 21:27                     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-12 22:06                       ` Elijah Newren
2020-03-13  0:04                         ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-12 23:30                       ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-02-16 15:01         ` [PATCH v5 00/20] rebase: make the default backend configurable and change the default Phillip Wood

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