historical-speck.lore.kernel.org archive mirror
 help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Mark Gross <mgross@linux.intel.com>
To: speck@linutronix.de
Subject: [MODERATED] [PATCH 4/5] Slow Randomizing Boosts DoS v4.4.219 backport 4
Date: Thu, 16 Apr 2020 17:54:04 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <=?utf-8?q?=3Ca1a70f5919806e80c949793355d7b7e36c4eb80e=2E158800?= =?utf-8?q?1639=2Egit=2Emgross=40linux=2Eintel=2Ecom=3E?=> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <cover.1588001639.git.mgross@linux.intel.com>

From: Mark Gross <mgross@linux.intel.com>
Subject: [PATCH 4/5] x86/speculation: Add Special Register Buffer Data
 Sampling (SRBDS) mitigation

commit 7e5b3c267d256822407a22fdce6afdf9cd13f9fb upstream

SRBDS is an MDS-like speculative side channel that can leak bits from the
random number generator (RNG) across cores and threads. New microcode
serializes the processor access during the execution of RDRAND and
RDSEED. This ensures that the shared buffer is overwritten before it is
released for reuse.

While it is present on all affected CPU models, the microcode mitigation
is not needed on models that enumerate ARCH_CAPABILITIES[MDS_NO] in the
cases where TSX is not supported or has been disabled with TSX_CTRL.

The mitigation is activated by default on affected processors and it
increases latency for RDRAND and RDSEED instructions. Among other
effects this will reduce throughput from /dev/urandom.

* Enable administrator to configure the mitigation off when desired using
  either mitigations=off or srbds=off.

* Export vulnerability status via sysfs

* Rename file-scoped macros to apply for non-whitelist table initializations.

 [ bp: Massage,
   - s/VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPING/VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS/g,
   - do not read arch cap MSR a second time in tsx_fused_off() - just pass it in,
   - flip check in cpu_set_bug_bits() to save an indentation level,
   - reflow comments.
   jpoimboe: s/Mitigated/Mitigation/ in user-visible strings
   tglx: Dropped the fused off magic for now
 ]

Signed-off-by: Mark Gross <mgross@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Pawan Gupta <pawan.kumar.gupta@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Neelima Krishnan <neelima.krishnan@intel.com>
---
 .../ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu      |   1 +
 Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt           |  20 ++++
 arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h            |   2 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h              |   4 +
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c                    | 106 ++++++++++++++++++
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c                  |  31 +++++
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cpu.h                     |   1 +
 drivers/base/cpu.c                            |   8 ++
 8 files changed, 173 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu
index f97d1aaec1f9..e9f9ce0688bc 100644
--- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu
@@ -279,6 +279,7 @@ What:		/sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities
 		/sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/spec_store_bypass
 		/sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/l1tf
 		/sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/mds
+		/sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/srbds
 		/sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/tsx_async_abort
 		/sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/itlb_multihit
 Date:		January 2018
diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index da9acfb23383..b19d872feb56 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -3787,6 +3787,26 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes can also be entirely omitted.
 	spia_pedr=
 	spia_peddr=
 
+	srbds=		[X86,INTEL]
+			Control the Special Register Buffer Data Sampling
+			(SRBDS) mitigation.
+
+			Certain CPUs are vulnerable to an MDS-like
+			exploit which can leak bits from the random
+			number generator.
+
+			By default, this issue is mitigated by
+			microcode.  However, the microcode fix can cause
+			the RDRAND and RDSEED instructions to become
+			much slower.  Among other effects, this will
+			result in reduced throughput from /dev/urandom.
+
+			The microcode mitigation can be disabled with
+			the following option:
+
+			off:    Disable mitigation and remove
+				performance impact to RDRAND and RDSEED
+
 	stack_guard_gap=	[MM]
 			override the default stack gap protection. The value
 			is in page units and it defines how many pages prior
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
index 01ec126c5969..492889d92146 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
@@ -312,6 +312,7 @@
 /* Intel-defined CPU features, CPUID level 0x00000007:0 (EDX), word 18 */
 #define X86_FEATURE_AVX512_4VNNIW	(18*32+ 2) /* AVX-512 Neural Network Instructions */
 #define X86_FEATURE_AVX512_4FMAPS	(18*32+ 3) /* AVX-512 Multiply Accumulation Single precision */
+#define X86_FEATURE_SRBDS_CTRL		(18*32+ 9) /* "" SRBDS mitigation MSR available */
 #define X86_FEATURE_MD_CLEAR		(18*32+10) /* VERW clears CPU buffers */
 #define X86_FEATURE_SPEC_CTRL		(18*32+26) /* "" Speculation Control (IBRS + IBPB) */
 #define X86_FEATURE_INTEL_STIBP		(18*32+27) /* "" Single Thread Indirect Branch Predictors */
@@ -343,5 +344,6 @@
 #define X86_BUG_SWAPGS		X86_BUG(21) /* CPU is affected by speculation through SWAPGS */
 #define X86_BUG_TAA		X86_BUG(22) /* CPU is affected by TSX Async Abort(TAA) */
 #define X86_BUG_ITLB_MULTIHIT	X86_BUG(23) /* CPU may incur MCE during certain page attribute changes */
+#define X86_BUG_SRBDS		X86_BUG(24) /* CPU may leak RNG bits if not mitigated */
 
 #endif /* _ASM_X86_CPUFEATURES_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
index 854a20efa771..4ee65ec8c29c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
@@ -91,6 +91,10 @@
 #define TSX_CTRL_RTM_DISABLE		BIT(0)	/* Disable RTM feature */
 #define TSX_CTRL_CPUID_CLEAR		BIT(1)	/* Disable TSX enumeration */
 
+/* SRBDS support */
+#define MSR_IA32_MCU_OPT_CTRL		0x00000123
+#define RNGDS_MITG_DIS			BIT(0)
+
 #define MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS		0x00000174
 #define MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_ESP		0x00000175
 #define MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_EIP		0x00000176
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
index e9aa50ba4f97..56e90b1d59b6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
@@ -39,6 +39,7 @@ static void __init l1tf_select_mitigation(void);
 static void __init mds_select_mitigation(void);
 static void __init mds_print_mitigation(void);
 static void __init taa_select_mitigation(void);
+static void __init srbds_select_mitigation(void);
 
 /* The base value of the SPEC_CTRL MSR that always has to be preserved. */
 u64 x86_spec_ctrl_base;
@@ -99,6 +100,7 @@ void __init check_bugs(void)
 	l1tf_select_mitigation();
 	mds_select_mitigation();
 	taa_select_mitigation();
+	srbds_select_mitigation();
 
 	/*
 	 * As MDS and TAA mitigations are inter-related, print MDS
@@ -363,6 +365,97 @@ static int __init tsx_async_abort_parse_cmdline(char *str)
 }
 early_param("tsx_async_abort", tsx_async_abort_parse_cmdline);
 
+#undef pr_fmt
+#define pr_fmt(fmt)	"SRBDS: " fmt
+
+enum srbds_mitigations {
+	SRBDS_MITIGATION_OFF,
+	SRBDS_MITIGATION_UCODE_NEEDED,
+	SRBDS_MITIGATION_FULL,
+	SRBDS_MITIGATION_TSX_OFF,
+	SRBDS_MITIGATION_HYPERVISOR,
+};
+
+static enum srbds_mitigations srbds_mitigation = SRBDS_MITIGATION_FULL;
+
+static const char * const srbds_strings[] = {
+	[SRBDS_MITIGATION_OFF]		= "Vulnerable",
+	[SRBDS_MITIGATION_UCODE_NEEDED]	= "Vulnerable: No microcode",
+	[SRBDS_MITIGATION_FULL]		= "Mitigation: Microcode",
+	[SRBDS_MITIGATION_TSX_OFF]	= "Mitigation: TSX disabled",
+	[SRBDS_MITIGATION_HYPERVISOR]	= "Unknown: Dependent on hypervisor status",
+};
+
+static bool srbds_off;
+
+void update_srbds_msr(void)
+{
+	u64 mcu_ctrl;
+
+	if (!boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_SRBDS))
+		return;
+
+	if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_HYPERVISOR))
+		return;
+
+	if (srbds_mitigation == SRBDS_MITIGATION_UCODE_NEEDED)
+		return;
+
+	rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_MCU_OPT_CTRL, mcu_ctrl);
+
+	switch (srbds_mitigation) {
+	case SRBDS_MITIGATION_OFF:
+	case SRBDS_MITIGATION_TSX_OFF:
+		mcu_ctrl |= RNGDS_MITG_DIS;
+		break;
+	case SRBDS_MITIGATION_FULL:
+		mcu_ctrl &= ~RNGDS_MITG_DIS;
+		break;
+	default:
+		break;
+	}
+
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_MCU_OPT_CTRL, mcu_ctrl);
+}
+
+static void __init srbds_select_mitigation(void)
+{
+	u64 ia32_cap;
+
+	if (!boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_SRBDS))
+		return;
+
+	/*
+	 * Check to see if this is one of the MDS_NO systems supporting
+	 * TSX that are only exposed to SRBDS when TSX is enabled.
+	 */
+	ia32_cap = x86_read_arch_cap_msr();
+	if ((ia32_cap & ARCH_CAP_MDS_NO) && !boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RTM))
+		srbds_mitigation = SRBDS_MITIGATION_TSX_OFF;
+	else if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_HYPERVISOR))
+		srbds_mitigation = SRBDS_MITIGATION_HYPERVISOR;
+	else if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SRBDS_CTRL))
+		srbds_mitigation = SRBDS_MITIGATION_UCODE_NEEDED;
+	else if (cpu_mitigations_off() || srbds_off)
+		srbds_mitigation = SRBDS_MITIGATION_OFF;
+
+	update_srbds_msr();
+	pr_info("%s\n", srbds_strings[srbds_mitigation]);
+}
+
+static int __init srbds_parse_cmdline(char *str)
+{
+	if (!str)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (!boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_SRBDS))
+		return 0;
+
+	srbds_off = !strcmp(str, "off");
+	return 0;
+}
+early_param("srbds", srbds_parse_cmdline);
+
 #undef pr_fmt
 #define pr_fmt(fmt)     "Spectre V1 : " fmt
 
@@ -1372,6 +1465,11 @@ static char *ibpb_state(void)
 	return "";
 }
 
+static ssize_t srbds_show_state(char *buf)
+{
+	return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", srbds_strings[srbds_mitigation]);
+}
+
 static ssize_t cpu_show_common(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
 			       char *buf, unsigned int bug)
 {
@@ -1413,6 +1511,9 @@ static ssize_t cpu_show_common(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr
 	case X86_BUG_ITLB_MULTIHIT:
 		return itlb_multihit_show_state(buf);
 
+	case X86_BUG_SRBDS:
+		return srbds_show_state(buf);
+
 	default:
 		break;
 	}
@@ -1459,4 +1560,9 @@ ssize_t cpu_show_itlb_multihit(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr
 {
 	return cpu_show_common(dev, attr, buf, X86_BUG_ITLB_MULTIHIT);
 }
+
+ssize_t cpu_show_srbds(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	return cpu_show_common(dev, attr, buf, X86_BUG_SRBDS);
+}
 #endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
index 5c1274beaf7a..32567a5bb8d3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -912,6 +912,27 @@ static const __initconst struct x86_cpu_id cpu_vuln_whitelist[] = {
 	{}
 };
 
+#define VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(model, steppings, issues)		   \
+	X86_MATCH_VENDOR_FAM_MODEL_STEPPINGS_FEATURE(INTEL, 6,		   \
+					    INTEL_FAM6_##model, steppings, \
+					    X86_FEATURE_ANY, issues)
+
+#define SRBDS		BIT(0)
+
+static const struct x86_cpu_id cpu_vuln_blacklist[] __initconst = {
+	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(IVYBRIDGE,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS),
+	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(HASWELL_CORE,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS),
+	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(HASWELL_ULT,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS),
+	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(HASWELL_GT3E,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS),
+	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(BROADWELL_GT3E,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS),
+	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(BROADWELL_CORE,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS),
+	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(SKYLAKE_MOBILE,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS),
+	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(SKYLAKE_DESKTOP,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS),
+	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(KABYLAKE_MOBILE,	X86_STEPPINGS(0x0, 0xC),	SRBDS),
+	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(KABYLAKE_DESKTOP,X86_STEPPINGS(0x0, 0xD),	SRBDS),
+	{}
+};
+
 static bool __init cpu_matches(const struct x86_cpu_id *table, unsigned long which)
 {
 	const struct x86_cpu_id *m = x86_match_cpu(table);
@@ -977,6 +998,15 @@ static void __init cpu_set_bug_bits(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
 	     (ia32_cap & ARCH_CAP_TSX_CTRL_MSR)))
 		setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_TAA);
 
+	/*
+	 * SRBDS affects CPUs which support RDRAND or RDSEED and are listed
+	 * in the vulnerability blacklist.
+	 */
+	if ((cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_RDRAND) ||
+	     cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_RDSEED)) &&
+	    cpu_matches(cpu_vuln_blacklist, SRBDS))
+		    setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_SRBDS);
+
 	if (cpu_matches(cpu_vuln_whitelist, NO_MELTDOWN))
 		return;
 
@@ -1330,6 +1360,7 @@ void identify_secondary_cpu(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
 #endif
 	mtrr_ap_init();
 	x86_spec_ctrl_setup_ap();
+	update_srbds_msr();
 }
 
 struct msr_range {
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cpu.h b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cpu.h
index c42cc1acd668..f2eca5632f7d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cpu.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cpu.h
@@ -64,6 +64,7 @@ extern void get_cpu_cap(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c);
 extern void cpu_detect_cache_sizes(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c);
 
 extern void x86_spec_ctrl_setup_ap(void);
+extern void update_srbds_msr(void);
 
 extern u64 x86_read_arch_cap_msr(void);
 
diff --git a/drivers/base/cpu.c b/drivers/base/cpu.c
index 9666effc0799..919043e7cc76 100644
--- a/drivers/base/cpu.c
+++ b/drivers/base/cpu.c
@@ -549,6 +549,12 @@ ssize_t __weak cpu_show_itlb_multihit(struct device *dev,
 	return sprintf(buf, "Not affected\n");
 }
 
+ssize_t __weak cpu_show_srbds(struct device *dev,
+			      struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	return sprintf(buf, "Not affected\n");
+}
+
 static DEVICE_ATTR(meltdown, 0444, cpu_show_meltdown, NULL);
 static DEVICE_ATTR(spectre_v1, 0444, cpu_show_spectre_v1, NULL);
 static DEVICE_ATTR(spectre_v2, 0444, cpu_show_spectre_v2, NULL);
@@ -557,6 +563,7 @@ static DEVICE_ATTR(l1tf, 0444, cpu_show_l1tf, NULL);
 static DEVICE_ATTR(mds, 0444, cpu_show_mds, NULL);
 static DEVICE_ATTR(tsx_async_abort, 0444, cpu_show_tsx_async_abort, NULL);
 static DEVICE_ATTR(itlb_multihit, 0444, cpu_show_itlb_multihit, NULL);
+static DEVICE_ATTR(srbds, 0444, cpu_show_srbds, NULL);
 
 static struct attribute *cpu_root_vulnerabilities_attrs[] = {
 	&dev_attr_meltdown.attr,
@@ -567,6 +574,7 @@ static struct attribute *cpu_root_vulnerabilities_attrs[] = {
 	&dev_attr_mds.attr,
 	&dev_attr_tsx_async_abort.attr,
 	&dev_attr_itlb_multihit.attr,
+	&dev_attr_srbds.attr,
 	NULL
 };
 
-- 
2.17.1

  parent reply	other threads:[~2020-04-27 15:40 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 16+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-04-27 15:33 [MODERATED] [PATCH 0/5] Slow Randomizing Boosts DoS v4.4.219 backport 0 mark gross
2018-01-01  1:52 ` [MODERATED] [MODERATED] [PATCH 1/5] Slow Randomizing Boosts DoS v4.4.219 backport 1 Jia Zhang
2020-04-16 15:23 ` [MODERATED] [PATCH 2/5] Slow Randomizing Boosts DoS v4.4.219 backport 2 Mark Gross
2020-04-16 15:32 ` [MODERATED] [PATCH 3/5] Slow Randomizing Boosts DoS v4.4.219 backport 3 Mark Gross
2020-04-16 15:54 ` Mark Gross [this message]
2020-04-16 16:21 ` [MODERATED] [PATCH 5/5] Slow Randomizing Boosts DoS v4.4.219 backport 5 Mark Gross
2020-04-27 19:37 ` [PATCH 0/5] Slow Randomizing Boosts DoS v4.4.219 backport 0 Thomas Gleixner
2020-04-27 19:47   ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-04-28 14:54     ` [MODERATED] " mark gross
2020-04-28 15:35     ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-04-28 21:27       ` [MODERATED] " mark gross
2020-04-28 14:39   ` mark gross
2020-04-28 15:22     ` Greg KH
2020-04-28 21:38       ` mark gross
2020-04-28 22:25         ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-04-29 15:04           ` [MODERATED] " mark gross

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to='=?utf-8?q?=3Ca1a70f5919806e80c949793355d7b7e36c4eb80e=2E158800?= =?utf-8?q?1639=2Egit=2Emgross=40linux=2Eintel=2Ecom=3E?=' \
    --to=mgross@linux.intel.com \
    --cc=speck@linutronix.de \
    --subject='Re: [MODERATED] [PATCH 4/5] Slow Randomizing Boosts DoS v4.4.219 backport 4' \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).