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From: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: x86@kernel.org, "Andy Lutomirski" <luto@kernel.org>,
	"Paolo Bonzini" <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	"Radim Krčmář" <rkrcmar@redhat.com>,
	kvm@vger.kernel.org, "Jason A. Donenfeld" <Jason@zx2c4.com>,
	"Rik van Riel" <riel@surriel.com>,
	"Dave Hansen" <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>,
	"Sebastian Andrzej Siewior" <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Subject: [PATCH 15/27] x86/fpu: Eager switch PKRU state
Date: Wed,  3 Apr 2019 18:41:44 +0200
Message-ID: <20190403164156.19645-16-bigeasy@linutronix.de> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190403164156.19645-1-bigeasy@linutronix.de>

From: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>

While most of a task's FPU state is only needed in user space, the
protection keys need to be in place immediately after a context switch.

The reason is that any access to userspace memory while running in
kernel mode also need to abide by the memory permissions specified in
the protection keys.

The "eager switch" is a preparation for loading the FPU state on return
to userland. Instead of decoupling PKRU state from xstate I update PKRU
within xstate on write operations by the kernel.

The read/write_pkru() is moved to another header file so it can easily
accessed from pgtable.h and fpu/internal.h.

For user tasks we should always get the PKRU from the xsave area and it
should not change anything because the PKRU value was loaded as part of
FPU restore.
For kernel threads we now will have the default "init_pkru_value"
written. Before this commit the kernel thread would end up with a
random value which it inherited from the previous user task.

Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
[bigeasy: save pkru to xstate, no cache, don't use __raw_xsave_addr()]
Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
---
 arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/internal.h | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++--
 arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h   |  1 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h      |  6 ++++++
 arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c                 |  1 -
 4 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/internal.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/internal.h
index 237ff8dc8559b..82ff84a4c4ab7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/internal.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/internal.h
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
 #include <linux/compat.h>
 #include <linux/sched.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
 
 #include <asm/user.h>
 #include <asm/fpu/api.h>
@@ -531,8 +532,27 @@ switch_fpu_prepare(struct fpu *old_fpu, int cpu)
  */
 static inline void switch_fpu_finish(struct fpu *new_fpu, int cpu)
 {
-	if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU))
-		__fpregs_load_activate(new_fpu, cpu);
+	struct pkru_state *pk;
+	u32 pkru_val = init_pkru_value;
+
+	if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU))
+		return;
+
+	__fpregs_load_activate(new_fpu, cpu);
+
+	if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE))
+		return;
+
+	/*
+	 * PKRU state is switched eagerly because it needs to be valid before we
+	 * return to userland e.g. for a copy_to_user() operation.
+	 */
+	if (current->mm) {
+		pk = get_xsave_addr(&new_fpu->state.xsave, XFEATURE_PKRU);
+		if (pk)
+			pkru_val = pk->pkru;
+	}
+	__write_pkru(pkru_val);
 }
 
 /*
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h
index fbe41f808e5d8..4e18a837223ff 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
 #include <linux/types.h>
 #include <asm/processor.h>
 #include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <asm/user.h>
 
 /* Bit 63 of XCR0 is reserved for future expansion */
 #define XFEATURE_MASK_EXTEND	(~(XFEATURE_MASK_FPSSE | (1ULL << 63)))
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
index 64333e5222cd9..1df90feeea5c6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
@@ -1355,6 +1355,12 @@ static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd)
 #define PKRU_WD_BIT 0x2
 #define PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY 2
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS
+extern u32 init_pkru_value;
+#else
+#define init_pkru_value	0
+#endif
+
 static inline bool __pkru_allows_read(u32 pkru, u16 pkey)
 {
 	int pkru_pkey_bits = pkey * PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY;
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c b/arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c
index 50f65fc1b9a3f..2ecbf4155f98f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c
@@ -126,7 +126,6 @@ int __arch_override_mprotect_pkey(struct vm_area_struct *vma, int prot, int pkey
  * in the process's lifetime will not accidentally get access
  * to data which is pkey-protected later on.
  */
-static
 u32 init_pkru_value = PKRU_AD_KEY( 1) | PKRU_AD_KEY( 2) | PKRU_AD_KEY( 3) |
 		      PKRU_AD_KEY( 4) | PKRU_AD_KEY( 5) | PKRU_AD_KEY( 6) |
 		      PKRU_AD_KEY( 7) | PKRU_AD_KEY( 8) | PKRU_AD_KEY( 9) |
-- 
2.20.1

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 83+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-04-03 16:41 [PATCH v9 00/27] x86: load FPU registers on return to userland Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 01/27] x86/fpu: Remove fpu->initialized usage in __fpu__restore_sig() Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 20:46   ` [tip:x86/fpu] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 02/27] x86/fpu: Remove fpu__restore() Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 20:47   ` [tip:x86/fpu] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 03/27] x86/fpu: Remove preempt_disable() in fpu__clear() Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 20:48   ` [tip:x86/fpu] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 04/27] x86/fpu: Always init the `state' " Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 20:48   ` [tip:x86/fpu] x86/fpu: Always init the state " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 05/27] x86/fpu: Remove fpu->initialized usage in copy_fpstate_to_sigframe() Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 20:49   ` [tip:x86/fpu] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 06/27] x86/fpu: Don't save fxregs for ia32 frames " Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 20:50   ` [tip:x86/fpu] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 07/27] x86/fpu: Remove fpu->initialized Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 20:50   ` [tip:x86/fpu] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 08/27] x86/fpu: Remove user_fpu_begin() Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 20:51   ` [tip:x86/fpu] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 09/27] x86/fpu: Add (__)make_fpregs_active helpers Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 20:52   ` [tip:x86/fpu] x86/fpu: Add an __fpregs_load_activate() internal helper tip-bot for Rik van Riel
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 10/27] x86/fpu: Make __raw_xsave_addr() use feature number instead of mask Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 20:52   ` [tip:x86/fpu] x86/fpu: Make __raw_xsave_addr() use a " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 11/27] x86/fpu: Make get_xsave_field_ptr() and get_xsave_addr() use " Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 20:53   ` [tip:x86/fpu] x86/fpu: Use a feature number instead of mask in two more helpers tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 12/27] x86/pkru: Provide .*_pkru_ins() functions Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-10 16:36   ` Borislav Petkov
2019-04-10 16:52     ` Borislav Petkov
2019-04-10 21:25       ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-10 21:29         ` Dave Hansen
2019-04-11 13:24           ` Borislav Petkov
2019-04-13 20:54   ` [tip:x86/fpu] x86/pkeys: Provide *pkru() helpers tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 13/27] x86/fpu: Only write PKRU if it is different from current Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 20:55   ` [tip:x86/fpu] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 14/27] x86/pkeys: Don't check if PKRU is zero before writting it Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 20:55   ` [tip:x86/fpu] x86/pkeys: Don't check if PKRU is zero before writing it tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior [this message]
2019-04-13 20:56   ` [tip:x86/fpu] x86/fpu: Eager switch PKRU state tip-bot for Rik van Riel
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 16/27] x86/entry: Add TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 20:57   ` [tip:x86/fpu] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 17/27] x86/fpu: Always store the registers in copy_fpstate_to_sigframe() Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 20:57   ` [tip:x86/fpu] " tip-bot for Rik van Riel
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 18/27] x86/fpu: Prepare copy_fpstate_to_sigframe() for TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 20:58   ` [tip:x86/fpu] " tip-bot for Rik van Riel
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 19/27] x86/fpu: Update xstate's PKRU value on write_pkru() Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-08 18:14   ` Dave Hansen
2019-04-08 20:03     ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 20:59   ` [tip:x86/fpu] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 20/27] x86/fpu: Inline copy_user_to_fpregs_zeroing() Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 21:00   ` [tip:x86/fpu] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 21/27] x86/fpu: Let __fpu__restore_sig() restore the !32bit+fxsr frame from kernel memory Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 21:00   ` [tip:x86/fpu] x86/fpu: Restore from kernel memory on the 64-bit path too tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 22/27] x86/fpu: Merge the two code paths in __fpu__restore_sig() Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 21:01   ` [tip:x86/fpu] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 23/27] x86/fpu: Defer FPU state load until return to userspace Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-12 14:36   ` Borislav Petkov
2019-04-12 15:24     ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-12 16:22       ` Borislav Petkov
2019-04-12 16:37         ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-12 16:48           ` Borislav Petkov
2019-04-12 17:19             ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-12 17:29               ` Borislav Petkov
2019-04-15  9:14                 ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 21:02   ` [tip:x86/fpu] " tip-bot for Rik van Riel
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 24/27] x86/fpu: Add a fastpath to __fpu__restore_sig() Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-08 17:05   ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-04-08 20:02     ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-09  7:27       ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-04-12 17:17   ` Borislav Petkov
2019-04-12 17:27     ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 21:02   ` [tip:x86/fpu] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 25/27] x86/fpu: Add a fastpath to copy_fpstate_to_sigframe() Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 21:03   ` [tip:x86/fpu] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 26/27] x86/fpu: Restore FPU register in copy_fpstate_to_sigframe() in order to use the fastpath Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 21:04   ` [tip:x86/fpu] x86/fpu: Restore regs " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-03 16:41 ` [PATCH 27/27] x86/pkeys: add PKRU value to init_fpstate Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-13 21:05   ` [tip:x86/fpu] x86/pkeys: Add " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-04 14:01 ` [PATCH v9 00/27] x86: load FPU registers on return to userland David Laight
2019-04-04 14:14   ` 'Sebastian Andrzej Siewior'
2019-04-04 14:26     ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-04-04 14:31       ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2019-04-04 15:10       ` David Laight
2019-04-08 17:08 ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-04-12 18:30 ` Borislav Petkov
2019-04-15  8:58   ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior

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