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From: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
To: gregkh@linuxfoundation.org, keescook@google.com,
	mcgrof@kernel.org, shuah@kernel.org
Cc: joel@jms.id.au, mpe@ellerman.id.au, joe@perches.com,
	brakmo@fb.com, rostedt@goodmis.org, Tim.Bird@sony.com,
	khilman@baylibre.com, julia.lawall@lip6.fr,
	linux-kselftest@vger.kernel.org, kunit-dev@googlegroups.com,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, jdike@addtoit.com, richard@nod.at,
	linux-um@lists.infradead.org, daniel@ffwll.ch,
	dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org, robh@kernel.org,
	dan.j.williams@intel.com, linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org,
	kieran.bingham@ideasonboard.com, frowand.list@gmail.com,
	knut.omang@oracle.com,
	Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Subject: [RFC v3 00/19] kunit: introduce KUnit, the Linux kernel unit testing framework
Date: Wed, 28 Nov 2018 11:36:17 -0800
Message-ID: <20181128193636.254378-1-brendanhiggins@google.com> (raw)

This patch set proposes KUnit, a lightweight unit testing and mocking
framework for the Linux kernel.

Unlike Autotest and kselftest, KUnit is a true unit testing framework;
it does not require installing the kernel on a test machine or in a VM
and does not require tests to be written in userspace running on a host
kernel. Additionally, KUnit is fast: From invocation to completion KUnit
can run several dozen tests in under a second. Currently, the entire
KUnit test suite for KUnit runs in under a second from the initial
invocation (build time excluded).

KUnit is heavily inspired by JUnit, Python's unittest.mock, and
Googletest/Googlemock for C++. KUnit provides facilities for defining
unit test cases, grouping related test cases into test suites, providing
common infrastructure for running tests, mocking, spying, and much more.

## What's so special about unit testing?

A unit test is supposed to test a single unit of code in isolation,
hence the name. There should be no dependencies outside the control of
the test; this means no external dependencies, which makes tests orders
of magnitudes faster. Likewise, since there are no external dependencies,
there are no hoops to jump through to run the tests. Additionally, this
makes unit tests deterministic: a failing unit test always indicates a
problem. Finally, because unit tests necessarily have finer granularity,
they are able to test all code paths easily solving the classic problem
of difficulty in exercising error handling code.

## Is KUnit trying to replace other testing frameworks for the kernel?

No. Most existing tests for the Linux kernel are end-to-end tests, which
have their place. A well tested system has lots of unit tests, a
reasonable number of integration tests, and some end-to-end tests. KUnit
is just trying to address the unit test space which is currently not
being addressed.

## More information on KUnit

There is a bunch of documentation near the end of this patch set that
describes how to use KUnit and best practices for writing unit tests.
For convenience I am hosting the compiled docs here:
https://google.github.io/kunit-docs/third_party/kernel/docs/
Additionally for convenience, I have applied these patches to a branch:
https://kunit.googlesource.com/linux/+/kunit/rfc/4.19/v3
The repo may be cloned with:
git clone https://kunit.googlesource.com/linux
This patchset is on the kunit/rfc/4.19/v3 branch.

## Changes Since Last Version

 - Changed namespace prefix from `test_*` to `kunit_*` as requested by
   Shuah.
 - Started converting/cleaning up the device tree unittest to use KUnit.
 - Started adding KUnit expectations with custom messages.

-- 
2.20.0.rc0.387.gc7a69e6b6c-goog

             reply index

Thread overview: 118+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-11-28 19:36 Brendan Higgins [this message]
2018-11-28 19:36 ` [RFC v3 01/19] kunit: test: add KUnit test runner core Brendan Higgins
2018-11-30  3:14   ` Luis Chamberlain
2018-12-01  1:51     ` Brendan Higgins
2018-12-01  2:57       ` Luis Chamberlain
2018-12-05 13:15     ` Anton Ivanov
2018-12-05 14:45       ` Arnd Bergmann
2018-12-05 14:49         ` Anton Ivanov
2018-11-30  3:28   ` Luis Chamberlain
     [not found]     ` <20181130032802.GG18410-dAjH6bxAqesAS62YNPtMr3dQhYtBYE6JAL8bYrjMMd8@public.gmane.org>
2018-12-01  2:08       ` Brendan Higgins
2018-12-01  3:10         ` Luis Chamberlain
     [not found]           ` <20181201031049.GL28501-dAjH6bxAqesAS62YNPtMr3dQhYtBYE6JAL8bYrjMMd8@public.gmane.org>
2018-12-03 22:47             ` Brendan Higgins
2018-12-01  3:02   ` Luis Chamberlain
2018-11-28 19:36 ` [RFC v3 10/19] kunit: test: add test managed resource tests Brendan Higgins
     [not found] ` <20181128193636.254378-1-brendanhiggins-hpIqsD4AKlfQT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-11-28 19:36   ` [RFC v3 02/19] kunit: test: add test resource management API Brendan Higgins
2018-11-28 19:36   ` [RFC v3 03/19] kunit: test: add string_stream a std::stream like string builder Brendan Higgins
2018-11-30  3:29     ` Luis Chamberlain
2018-12-01  2:14       ` Brendan Higgins
2018-12-01  3:12         ` Luis Chamberlain
2018-12-03 10:55       ` Petr Mladek
2018-12-04  0:35         ` Brendan Higgins
2018-11-28 19:36   ` [RFC v3 04/19] kunit: test: add test_stream a std::stream like logger Brendan Higgins
2018-11-28 19:36   ` [RFC v3 05/19] kunit: test: add the concept of expectations Brendan Higgins
2018-11-28 19:36   ` [RFC v3 06/19] arch: um: enable running kunit from User Mode Linux Brendan Higgins
2018-11-28 21:26     ` Rob Herring
2018-11-30  3:37       ` Luis Chamberlain
2018-11-30 14:05         ` Rob Herring
2018-11-30 18:22           ` Luis Chamberlain
     [not found]             ` <20181130182203.GS18410-dAjH6bxAqesAS62YNPtMr3dQhYtBYE6JAL8bYrjMMd8@public.gmane.org>
2018-12-03 23:22               ` Brendan Higgins
2018-11-30  3:30     ` Luis Chamberlain
2018-11-28 19:36   ` [RFC v3 07/19] kunit: test: add initial tests Brendan Higgins
2018-11-30  3:40     ` Luis Chamberlain
2018-12-03 23:26       ` Brendan Higgins
2018-12-03 23:43         ` Luis Chamberlain
2018-11-28 19:36   ` [RFC v3 08/19] arch: um: add shim to trap to allow installing a fault catcher for tests Brendan Higgins
2018-11-30  3:34     ` Luis Chamberlain
     [not found]       ` <20181130033429.GK18410-dAjH6bxAqesAS62YNPtMr3dQhYtBYE6JAL8bYrjMMd8@public.gmane.org>
2018-12-03 23:34         ` Brendan Higgins
     [not found]           ` <CAFd5g45+MAVaSW8HN9x57Y8Um=TV1Oa=-K8yExPBS-4KjLyciQ-JsoAwUIsXosN+BqQ9rBEUg@public.gmane.org>
2018-12-03 23:46             ` Luis Chamberlain
     [not found]               ` <20181203234628.GR28501-dAjH6bxAqesAS62YNPtMr3dQhYtBYE6JAL8bYrjMMd8@public.gmane.org>
2018-12-04  0:44                 ` Brendan Higgins
2018-11-30  3:41     ` Luis Chamberlain
2018-12-03 23:37       ` Brendan Higgins
2018-11-28 19:36   ` [RFC v3 09/19] kunit: test: add the concept of assertions Brendan Higgins
2018-11-28 19:36   ` [RFC v3 11/19] kunit: add Python libraries for handing KUnit config and kernel Brendan Higgins
2018-11-29 13:54     ` Kieran Bingham
     [not found]       ` <841cf4ae-501b-05ae-5863-a51010709b67-ryLnwIuWjnjg/C1BVhZhaw@public.gmane.org>
2018-12-03 23:48         ` Brendan Higgins
2018-12-04 20:47           ` Luis Chamberlain
2018-12-06 12:32             ` Kieran Bingham
2018-12-06 15:37               ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-12-07 11:30                 ` Kieran Bingham
2018-12-11 14:09                 ` Petr Mladek
2018-12-11 14:41                   ` Steven Rostedt
2018-12-11 17:01                     ` Anton Ivanov
2019-02-09  0:40                       ` Brendan Higgins
2018-12-07  1:05               ` Luis Chamberlain
2018-12-07 18:35               ` Kent Overstreet
2018-11-30  3:44     ` Luis Chamberlain
2018-12-03 23:50       ` Brendan Higgins
2018-12-04 20:48         ` Luis Chamberlain
2018-11-28 19:36   ` [RFC v3 12/19] kunit: add KUnit wrapper script and simple output parser Brendan Higgins
2018-11-28 19:36   ` [RFC v3 13/19] kunit: improve output from python wrapper Brendan Higgins
2018-11-28 19:36   ` [RFC v3 14/19] Documentation: kunit: add documentation for KUnit Brendan Higgins
2018-11-29 13:56     ` Kieran Bingham
2018-11-30  3:45       ` Luis Chamberlain
     [not found]         ` <20181130034525.GP18410-dAjH6bxAqesAS62YNPtMr3dQhYtBYE6JAL8bYrjMMd8@public.gmane.org>
2018-12-03 23:53           ` Brendan Higgins
2018-12-06 12:16             ` Kieran Bingham
2019-02-09  0:56               ` Brendan Higgins
2019-02-11 12:16                 ` Kieran Bingham
2019-02-12 22:10                   ` Brendan Higgins
2019-02-13 21:55                     ` Kieran Bingham
2019-02-14  0:17                       ` Brendan Higgins
2019-02-14 17:26                         ` Luis Chamberlain
2019-02-14 22:07                           ` Brendan Higgins
2018-11-28 19:36   ` [RFC v3 15/19] MAINTAINERS: add entry for KUnit the unit testing framework Brendan Higgins
2018-11-28 19:36   ` [RFC v3 17/19] of: unittest: migrate tests to run on KUnit Brendan Higgins
2018-11-28 20:56     ` Rob Herring
2018-11-30  0:39       ` Randy Dunlap
     [not found]         ` <18814973-8f0a-4647-a097-fcc3dc0b3cd3-wEGCiKHe2LqWVfeAwA7xHQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-12-04  0:13           ` Brendan Higgins
2018-12-04 13:40             ` Rob Herring
     [not found]               ` <CAL_JsqL_PivQbrJFEusdKAy-2EQtKL3OHbmyYSK9bzuTOQegqA-JsoAwUIsXosN+BqQ9rBEUg@public.gmane.org>
2018-12-05 23:42                 ` Brendan Higgins
2018-12-07  0:41                   ` Rob Herring
2018-12-04  0:08       ` Brendan Higgins
2019-02-13  1:44       ` Brendan Higgins
2019-02-14 20:10         ` Rob Herring
2019-02-14 21:52           ` Brendan Higgins
2019-02-18 22:56         ` Frank Rowand
2019-02-28  0:29           ` Brendan Higgins
2018-12-04 10:56     ` Frank Rowand
2018-11-28 19:36   ` [RFC v3 18/19] of: unittest: split out a couple of test cases from unittest Brendan Higgins
2018-12-04 10:58     ` Frank Rowand
2018-12-05 23:54       ` Brendan Higgins
2019-02-14 23:57         ` Frank Rowand
2019-02-15  0:56           ` Brendan Higgins
2019-02-15  2:05             ` Frank Rowand
2019-02-15 10:56               ` Brendan Higgins
2019-02-18 22:25                 ` Frank Rowand
2019-02-20 20:44                   ` Frank Rowand
2019-02-20 20:47                     ` Frank Rowand
2019-02-28  3:52                     ` Brendan Higgins
2019-03-22  0:22                       ` Frank Rowand
2019-03-22  1:30                         ` Brendan Higgins
2019-03-22  1:47                           ` Frank Rowand
2019-03-25 22:15                             ` Brendan Higgins
2019-09-20 16:57                           ` Rob Herring
2019-09-21 23:57                             ` Frank Rowand
2019-03-22  1:34                         ` Frank Rowand
2019-03-25 22:18                           ` Brendan Higgins
2018-11-28 19:36   ` [RFC v3 19/19] of: unittest: split up some super large test cases Brendan Higgins
2018-11-28 19:36 ` [RFC v3 16/19] arch: um: make UML unflatten device tree when testing Brendan Higgins
2018-11-28 21:16   ` Rob Herring
     [not found]     ` <CAL_JsqK5cG=QzMBFSZ31_-3ujnxqxv=jj3XYajbRLT7yWYZbfw-JsoAwUIsXosN+BqQ9rBEUg@public.gmane.org>
2018-12-04  0:00       ` Brendan Higgins
2018-11-30  3:46   ` Luis Chamberlain
2018-12-04  0:02     ` Brendan Higgins
2018-12-04 10:52 ` [RFC v3 00/19] kunit: introduce KUnit, the Linux kernel unit testing framework Frank Rowand
2018-12-04 11:40 ` Frank Rowand
2018-12-04 13:49   ` Rob Herring
2018-12-05 23:10     ` Brendan Higgins
2019-03-22  0:27       ` Frank Rowand
2019-03-25 22:04         ` Brendan Higgins

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