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From: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
To: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Igor Stoppa <igor.stoppa@gmail.com>,
	Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>,
	Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>,
	Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>,
	James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>,
	Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>,
	Kernel Hardening <kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com>,
	linux-integrity <linux-integrity@vger.kernel.org>,
	linux-security-module <linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org>,
	Igor Stoppa <igor.stoppa@huawei.com>,
	Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>,
	Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>,
	Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com>,
	Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>,
	Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>,
	"open list:DOCUMENTATION" <linux-doc@vger.kernel.org>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 10/17] prmem: documentation
Date: Tue, 30 Oct 2018 09:37:56 -0700
Message-ID: <CAGXu5jJftJ+Hq+jrZGHX5CTDLWOog7kGsd_Ne=yMvrRs__skSg@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20181030152641.GE8177@hirez.programming.kicks-ass.net>

On Tue, Oct 30, 2018 at 8:26 AM, Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> wrote:
> I suppose the 'normal' attack goes like:
>
>  1) find buffer-overrun / bound check failure
>  2) use that to write to 'interesting' location
>  3) that write results arbitrary code execution
>  4) win
>
> Of course, if the store of 2 is to the current cred structure, and
> simply sets the effective uid to 0, we can skip 3.

In most cases, yes, gaining root is game over. However, I don't want
to discount other threat models: some systems have been designed not
to trust root, so a cred attack doesn't always get an attacker full
control (e.g. lockdown series, signed modules, encrypted VMs, etc).

> Which seems to suggest all cred structures should be made r/o like this.
> But I'm not sure I remember these patches doing that.

There are things that attempt to protect cred (and other things, like
page tables) via hypervisors (see Samsung KNOX) or via syscall
boundary checking (see Linux Kernel Runtime Guard). They're pretty
interesting, but I'm not sure if there is a clear way forward on it
working in upstream, but that's why I think these discussions are
useful.

> Also, there is an inverse situation with all this. If you make
> everything R/O, then you need this allow-write for everything you do,
> which then is about to include a case with an overflow / bound check
> fail, and we're back to square 1.

Sure -- this is the fine line in trying to build these defenses. The
point is to narrow the scope of attack. Stupid metaphor follows: right
now we have only a couple walls; if we add walls we can focus on make
sure the doors and windows are safe. If we make the relatively
easy-to-find-in-memory page tables read-only-at-rest then a whole
class of very powerful exploits that depend on page table attacks go
away.

As part of all of this is the observation that there are two types of
things clearly worth protecting: that which is updated rarely (no need
to leave it writable for so much of its lifetime), and that which is
especially sensitive (page tables, security policy, function pointers,
etc). Finding a general purpose way to deal with these (like we have
for other data-lifetime cases like const and __ro_after_init) would be
very nice. I don't think there is a slippery slope here.

-Kees

-- 
Kees Cook

  reply index

Thread overview: 140+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-10-23 21:34 [RFC v1 PATCH 00/17] prmem: protected memory Igor Stoppa
2018-10-23 21:34 ` [PATCH 01/17] prmem: linker section for static write rare Igor Stoppa
2018-10-23 21:34 ` [PATCH 02/17] prmem: write rare for static allocation Igor Stoppa
2018-10-25  0:24   ` Dave Hansen
2018-10-29 18:03     ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-26  9:41   ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-29 20:01     ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-23 21:34 ` [PATCH 03/17] prmem: vmalloc support for dynamic allocation Igor Stoppa
2018-10-25  0:26   ` Dave Hansen
2018-10-29 18:07     ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-23 21:34 ` [PATCH 04/17] prmem: " Igor Stoppa
2018-10-23 21:34 ` [PATCH 05/17] prmem: shorthands for write rare on common types Igor Stoppa
2018-10-25  0:28   ` Dave Hansen
2018-10-29 18:12     ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-23 21:34 ` [PATCH 06/17] prmem: test cases for memory protection Igor Stoppa
2018-10-24  3:27   ` Randy Dunlap
2018-10-24 14:24     ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-25 16:43   ` Dave Hansen
2018-10-29 18:16     ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-23 21:34 ` [PATCH 07/17] prmem: lkdtm tests " Igor Stoppa
2018-10-23 21:34 ` [PATCH 08/17] prmem: struct page: track vmap_area Igor Stoppa
2018-10-24  3:12   ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-10-24 23:01     ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-25  2:13       ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-10-29 18:21         ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-23 21:34 ` [PATCH 09/17] prmem: hardened usercopy Igor Stoppa
2018-10-29 11:45   ` Chris von Recklinghausen
2018-10-29 18:24     ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-23 21:34 ` [PATCH 10/17] prmem: documentation Igor Stoppa
2018-10-24  3:48   ` Randy Dunlap
2018-10-24 14:30     ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-24 23:04   ` Mike Rapoport
2018-10-29 19:05     ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-26  9:26   ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-26 10:20     ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-10-29 19:28       ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-26 10:46     ` Kees Cook
2018-10-28 18:31       ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-29 21:04         ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-30 15:26           ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-30 16:37             ` Kees Cook [this message]
2018-10-30 17:06               ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-30 17:58                 ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-10-30 18:03                   ` Dave Hansen
2018-10-31  9:18                     ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-30 18:28                   ` Tycho Andersen
2018-10-30 19:20                     ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-10-30 20:43                       ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-30 21:02                         ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-30 21:07                           ` Kees Cook
2018-10-30 21:25                             ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-30 22:15                           ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-31 10:11                             ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-31 20:38                               ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-31 20:53                                 ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-31  9:45                           ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-30 21:35                         ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-10-30 21:49                           ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-31  4:41                           ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-31  9:08                             ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-31 19:38                               ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-31 10:02                             ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-31 20:36                               ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-31 21:00                                 ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-31 22:57                                   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-31 23:10                                     ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-31 23:19                                       ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-31 23:26                                         ` Igor Stoppa
2018-11-01  8:21                                           ` Thomas Gleixner
2018-11-01 15:58                                             ` Igor Stoppa
2018-11-01 17:08                                     ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-30 18:51                   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-30 19:14                     ` Kees Cook
2018-10-30 21:25                     ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-10-30 21:55                       ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-30 22:08                         ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-10-31  9:29                       ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-30 23:18                     ` Nadav Amit
2018-10-31  9:08                       ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-11-01 16:31                         ` Nadav Amit
2018-11-02 21:11                           ` Nadav Amit
2018-10-31  9:36                   ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-31 11:33                     ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-11-13 14:25                 ` Igor Stoppa
2018-11-13 17:16                   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-11-13 17:43                     ` Nadav Amit
2018-11-13 17:47                       ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-11-13 18:06                         ` Nadav Amit
2018-11-13 18:31                         ` Igor Stoppa
2018-11-13 18:33                           ` Igor Stoppa
2018-11-13 18:36                             ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-11-13 19:03                               ` Igor Stoppa
2018-11-21 16:34                               ` Igor Stoppa
2018-11-21 17:36                                 ` Nadav Amit
2018-11-21 18:01                                   ` Igor Stoppa
2018-11-21 18:15                                 ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-11-22 19:27                                   ` Igor Stoppa
2018-11-22 20:04                                     ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-11-22 20:53                                       ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-12-04 12:34                                         ` Igor Stoppa
2018-11-13 18:48                           ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-11-13 19:35                             ` Igor Stoppa
2018-11-13 18:26                     ` Igor Stoppa
2018-11-13 18:35                       ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-11-13 19:01                         ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-31  9:27               ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-26 11:09     ` Markus Heiser
2018-10-29 19:35       ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-26 15:05     ` Jonathan Corbet
2018-10-29 19:38       ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-29 20:35     ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-23 21:34 ` [PATCH 11/17] prmem: llist: use designated initializer Igor Stoppa
2018-10-23 21:34 ` [PATCH 12/17] prmem: linked list: set alignment Igor Stoppa
2018-10-26  9:31   ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-23 21:35 ` [PATCH 13/17] prmem: linked list: disable layout randomization Igor Stoppa
2018-10-24 13:43   ` Alexey Dobriyan
2018-10-29 19:40     ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-26  9:32   ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-26 10:17     ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-10-30 15:39       ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-23 21:35 ` [PATCH 14/17] prmem: llist, hlist, both plain and rcu Igor Stoppa
2018-10-24 11:37   ` Mathieu Desnoyers
2018-10-24 14:03     ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-24 14:56       ` Tycho Andersen
2018-10-24 22:52         ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-25  8:11           ` Tycho Andersen
2018-10-28  9:52       ` Steven Rostedt
2018-10-29 19:43         ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-26  9:38   ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-23 21:35 ` [PATCH 15/17] prmem: test cases for prlist and prhlist Igor Stoppa
2018-10-23 21:35 ` [PATCH 16/17] prmem: pratomic-long Igor Stoppa
2018-10-25  0:13   ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-29 21:17     ` Igor Stoppa
2018-10-30 15:58       ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-30 16:28         ` Will Deacon
2018-10-31  9:10           ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-11-01  3:28             ` Kees Cook
2018-10-23 21:35 ` [PATCH 17/17] prmem: ima: turn the measurements list write rare Igor Stoppa
2018-10-24 23:03 ` [RFC v1 PATCH 00/17] prmem: protected memory Dave Chinner
2018-10-29 19:47   ` Igor Stoppa

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