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* [PATCH v4] watchdog: initialize device before misc_register
@ 2020-07-17 10:31 Krzysztof Sobota
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: Krzysztof Sobota @ 2020-07-17 10:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: wim, linux-watchdog, linux-kernel, linux
  Cc: krzysztof.sobota, alexander.sverdlin

When watchdog device is being registered, it calls misc_register that
makes watchdog available for systemd to open. This is a data race
scenario, because when device is open it may still have device struct
not initialized - this in turn causes a crash. This patch moves
device initialization before misc_register call and it solves the
problem printed below.

------------[ cut here ]------------
WARNING: CPU: 3 PID: 1 at lib/kobject.c:612 kobject_get+0x50/0x54
kobject: '(null)' ((ptrval)): is not initialized, yet kobject_get() is being called.
Modules linked in: k2_reset_status(O) davinci_wdt(+) sfn_platform_hwbcn(O) fsmddg_sfn(O) clk_misc_mmap(O) clk_sw_bcn(O) fsp_reset(O) cma_mod(O) slave_sup_notif(O) fpga_master(O) latency(O+) evnotify(O) enable_arm_pmu(O) xge(O) rio_mport_cdev br_netfilter bridge stp llc nvrd_checksum(O) ipv6
CPU: 3 PID: 1 Comm: systemd Tainted: G           O      4.19.113-g2579778-fsm4_k2 #1
Hardware name: Keystone
[<c02126c4>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<c020da94>] (show_stack+0x18/0x1c)
[<c020da94>] (show_stack) from [<c07f87d8>] (dump_stack+0xb4/0xe8)
[<c07f87d8>] (dump_stack) from [<c0221f70>] (__warn+0xfc/0x114)
[<c0221f70>] (__warn) from [<c0221fd8>] (warn_slowpath_fmt+0x50/0x74)
[<c0221fd8>] (warn_slowpath_fmt) from [<c07fd394>] (kobject_get+0x50/0x54)
[<c07fd394>] (kobject_get) from [<c0602ce8>] (get_device+0x1c/0x24)
[<c0602ce8>] (get_device) from [<c06961e0>] (watchdog_open+0x90/0xf0)
[<c06961e0>] (watchdog_open) from [<c06001dc>] (misc_open+0x130/0x17c)
[<c06001dc>] (misc_open) from [<c0388228>] (chrdev_open+0xec/0x1a8)
[<c0388228>] (chrdev_open) from [<c037fa98>] (do_dentry_open+0x204/0x3cc)
[<c037fa98>] (do_dentry_open) from [<c0391e2c>] (path_openat+0x330/0x1148)
[<c0391e2c>] (path_openat) from [<c0394518>] (do_filp_open+0x78/0xec)
[<c0394518>] (do_filp_open) from [<c0381100>] (do_sys_open+0x130/0x1f4)
[<c0381100>] (do_sys_open) from [<c0201000>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x28)
Exception stack(0xd2ceffa8 to 0xd2cefff0)
ffa0:                   b6f69968 00000000 ffffff9c b6ebd210 000a0001 00000000
ffc0: b6f69968 00000000 00000000 00000142 fffffffd ffffffff 00b65530 bed7bb78
ffe0: 00000142 bed7ba70 b6cc2503 b6cc41d6
---[ end trace 7b16eb105513974f ]---

------------[ cut here ]------------
WARNING: CPU: 3 PID: 1 at lib/refcount.c:153 kobject_get+0x24/0x54
refcount_t: increment on 0; use-after-free.
Modules linked in: k2_reset_status(O) davinci_wdt(+) sfn_platform_hwbcn(O) fsmddg_sfn(O) clk_misc_mmap(O) clk_sw_bcn(O) fsp_reset(O) cma_mod(O) slave_sup_notif(O) fpga_master(O) latency(O+) evnotify(O) enable_arm_pmu(O) xge(O) rio_mport_cdev br_netfilter bridge stp llc nvrd_checksum(O) ipv6
CPU: 3 PID: 1 Comm: systemd Tainted: G        W  O      4.19.113-g2579778-fsm4_k2 #1
Hardware name: Keystone
[<c02126c4>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<c020da94>] (show_stack+0x18/0x1c)
[<c020da94>] (show_stack) from [<c07f87d8>] (dump_stack+0xb4/0xe8)
[<c07f87d8>] (dump_stack) from [<c0221f70>] (__warn+0xfc/0x114)
[<c0221f70>] (__warn) from [<c0221fd8>] (warn_slowpath_fmt+0x50/0x74)
[<c0221fd8>] (warn_slowpath_fmt) from [<c07fd368>] (kobject_get+0x24/0x54)
[<c07fd368>] (kobject_get) from [<c0602ce8>] (get_device+0x1c/0x24)
[<c0602ce8>] (get_device) from [<c06961e0>] (watchdog_open+0x90/0xf0)
[<c06961e0>] (watchdog_open) from [<c06001dc>] (misc_open+0x130/0x17c)
[<c06001dc>] (misc_open) from [<c0388228>] (chrdev_open+0xec/0x1a8)
[<c0388228>] (chrdev_open) from [<c037fa98>] (do_dentry_open+0x204/0x3cc)
[<c037fa98>] (do_dentry_open) from [<c0391e2c>] (path_openat+0x330/0x1148)
[<c0391e2c>] (path_openat) from [<c0394518>] (do_filp_open+0x78/0xec)
[<c0394518>] (do_filp_open) from [<c0381100>] (do_sys_open+0x130/0x1f4)
[<c0381100>] (do_sys_open) from [<c0201000>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x28)
Exception stack(0xd2ceffa8 to 0xd2cefff0)
ffa0:                   b6f69968 00000000 ffffff9c b6ebd210 000a0001 00000000
ffc0: b6f69968 00000000 00000000 00000142 fffffffd ffffffff 00b65530 bed7bb78
ffe0: 00000142 bed7ba70 b6cc2503 b6cc41d6
---[ end trace 7b16eb1055139750 ]---

Fixes: 72139dfa2464 ("watchdog: Fix the race between the release of watchdog_core_data and cdev")
Reviewed-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Reviewed-by: Alexander Sverdlin <alexander.sverdlin@nokia.com>
Signed-off-by: Krzysztof Sobota <krzysztof.sobota@nokia.com>
---
v1 -> v2
* removed Change-Id tag
* added Review-by tag
v2 -> v3
* convert spaces to tabs
* convert (hopefully) mail to plaintext
v3 -> v4
* use git send-email to fix style problems
* rebase on top of master
---
 drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c | 18 +++++++++---------
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c
index 7e4cd34a8c20..b535f5fa279b 100644
--- a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c
+++ b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c
@@ -994,6 +994,15 @@ static int watchdog_cdev_register(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
 	if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(watchdog_kworker))
 		return -ENODEV;
 
+	device_initialize(&wd_data->dev);
+	wd_data->dev.devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(watchdog_devt), wdd->id);
+	wd_data->dev.class = &watchdog_class;
+	wd_data->dev.parent = wdd->parent;
+	wd_data->dev.groups = wdd->groups;
+	wd_data->dev.release = watchdog_core_data_release;
+	dev_set_drvdata(&wd_data->dev, wdd);
+	dev_set_name(&wd_data->dev, "watchdog%d", wdd->id);
+
 	kthread_init_work(&wd_data->work, watchdog_ping_work);
 	hrtimer_init(&wd_data->timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_HARD);
 	wd_data->timer.function = watchdog_timer_expired;
@@ -1014,15 +1023,6 @@ static int watchdog_cdev_register(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
 		}
 	}
 
-	device_initialize(&wd_data->dev);
-	wd_data->dev.devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(watchdog_devt), wdd->id);
-	wd_data->dev.class = &watchdog_class;
-	wd_data->dev.parent = wdd->parent;
-	wd_data->dev.groups = wdd->groups;
-	wd_data->dev.release = watchdog_core_data_release;
-	dev_set_drvdata(&wd_data->dev, wdd);
-	dev_set_name(&wd_data->dev, "watchdog%d", wdd->id);
-
 	/* Fill in the data structures */
 	cdev_init(&wd_data->cdev, &watchdog_fops);
 
-- 
2.14.0


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2020-07-17 10:31 [PATCH v4] watchdog: initialize device before misc_register Krzysztof Sobota

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