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From: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
To: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>, Linux-MM <linux-mm@kvack.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>, Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>,
	Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Subject: [PATCH 12/27] mm, vmscan: Make shrink_node decisions more node-centric
Date: Thu,  9 Jun 2016 19:04:28 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <1465495483-11855-13-git-send-email-mgorman@techsingularity.net> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1465495483-11855-1-git-send-email-mgorman@techsingularity.net>

Earlier patches focused on having direct reclaim and kswapd use data that
is node-centric for reclaiming but shrink_node() itself still uses too much
zone information. This patch removes unnecessary zone-based information
with the most important decision being whether to continue reclaim or
not. Some memcg APIs are adjusted as a result even though memcg itself
still uses some zone information.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
---
 include/linux/memcontrol.h |  9 +++----
 include/linux/mmzone.h     |  4 ++--
 include/linux/swap.h       |  2 +-
 mm/memcontrol.c            | 17 +++++++-------
 mm/page_alloc.c            |  2 +-
 mm/vmscan.c                | 58 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
 mm/workingset.c            |  6 ++---
 7 files changed, 54 insertions(+), 44 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/memcontrol.h b/include/linux/memcontrol.h
index 9adb1bebb487..beee5be5d5d5 100644
--- a/include/linux/memcontrol.h
+++ b/include/linux/memcontrol.h
@@ -306,7 +306,8 @@ void mem_cgroup_uncharge_list(struct list_head *page_list);
 
 void mem_cgroup_migrate(struct page *oldpage, struct page *newpage);
 
-struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_zone_lruvec(struct zone *, struct mem_cgroup *);
+struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_lruvec(struct pglist_data *, struct zone *zone,
+				 struct mem_cgroup *);
 struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(struct page *, struct pglist_data *);
 
 bool task_in_mem_cgroup(struct task_struct *task, struct mem_cgroup *memcg);
@@ -573,10 +574,10 @@ static inline void mem_cgroup_migrate(struct page *old, struct page *new)
 {
 }
 
-static inline struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_zone_lruvec(struct zone *zone,
-						    struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+static inline struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_lruvec(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
+				struct zone *zone, struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
 {
-	return zone_lruvec(zone);
+	return node_lruvec(pgdat);
 }
 
 static inline struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(struct page *page,
diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index 15ce454d0d59..16da23c095a0 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -735,9 +735,9 @@ static inline spinlock_t *zone_lru_lock(struct zone *zone)
 	return &zone->zone_pgdat->lru_lock;
 }
 
-static inline struct lruvec *zone_lruvec(struct zone *zone)
+static inline struct lruvec *node_lruvec(struct pglist_data *pgdat)
 {
-	return &zone->zone_pgdat->lruvec;
+	return &pgdat->lruvec;
 }
 
 static inline unsigned long pgdat_end_pfn(pg_data_t *pgdat)
diff --git a/include/linux/swap.h b/include/linux/swap.h
index cc5c958c050b..575efae79a66 100644
--- a/include/linux/swap.h
+++ b/include/linux/swap.h
@@ -324,7 +324,7 @@ extern unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
 						  unsigned long nr_pages,
 						  gfp_t gfp_mask,
 						  bool may_swap);
-extern unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node_zone(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
+extern unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
 						gfp_t gfp_mask, bool noswap,
 						struct zone *zone,
 						unsigned long *nr_scanned);
diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index 12f796e52e5e..cda2342af10e 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -944,22 +944,23 @@ static void invalidate_reclaim_iterators(struct mem_cgroup *dead_memcg)
 	     iter = mem_cgroup_iter(NULL, iter, NULL))
 
 /**
- * mem_cgroup_zone_lruvec - get the lru list vector for a zone and memcg
+ * mem_cgroup_lruvec - get the lru list vector for a node or a memcg zone
+ * @node: node of the wanted lruvec
  * @zone: zone of the wanted lruvec
  * @memcg: memcg of the wanted lruvec
  *
- * Returns the lru list vector holding pages for the given @zone and
- * @mem.  This can be the global zone lruvec, if the memory controller
+ * Returns the lru list vector holding pages for a given @node or a given
+ * @memcg and @zone. This can be the node lruvec, if the memory controller
  * is disabled.
  */
-struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_zone_lruvec(struct zone *zone,
-				      struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_lruvec(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
+				 struct zone *zone, struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
 {
 	struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz;
 	struct lruvec *lruvec;
 
 	if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) {
-		lruvec = zone_lruvec(zone);
+		lruvec = node_lruvec(pgdat);
 		goto out;
 	}
 
@@ -1473,8 +1474,8 @@ static int mem_cgroup_soft_reclaim(struct mem_cgroup *root_memcg,
 			}
 			continue;
 		}
-		total += mem_cgroup_shrink_node_zone(victim, gfp_mask, false,
-						     zone, &nr_scanned);
+		total += mem_cgroup_shrink_node(victim, gfp_mask, false,
+					zone, &nr_scanned);
 		*total_scanned += nr_scanned;
 		if (!soft_limit_excess(root_memcg))
 			break;
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index d8cb483d5cad..fc5bad895732 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -5905,6 +5905,7 @@ static void __paginginit free_area_init_core(struct pglist_data *pgdat)
 	init_waitqueue_head(&pgdat->kcompactd_wait);
 #endif
 	pgdat_page_ext_init(pgdat);
+	lruvec_init(node_lruvec(pgdat));
 
 	for (j = 0; j < MAX_NR_ZONES; j++) {
 		struct zone *zone = pgdat->node_zones + j;
@@ -5968,7 +5969,6 @@ static void __paginginit free_area_init_core(struct pglist_data *pgdat)
 		/* For bootup, initialized properly in watermark setup */
 		mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ALLOC_BATCH, zone->managed_pages);
 
-		lruvec_init(zone_lruvec(zone));
 		if (!size)
 			continue;
 
diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index 6663fc75c3bc..93523944abb0 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -2196,10 +2196,11 @@ static inline void init_tlb_ubc(void)
 /*
  * This is a basic per-zone page freer.  Used by both kswapd and direct reclaim.
  */
-static void shrink_zone_memcg(struct zone *zone, struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
+static void shrink_node_memcg(struct pglist_data *pgdat, struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
 			      struct scan_control *sc, unsigned long *lru_pages)
 {
-	struct lruvec *lruvec = mem_cgroup_zone_lruvec(zone, memcg);
+	struct zone *zone = &pgdat->node_zones[sc->reclaim_idx];
+	struct lruvec *lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(pgdat, zone, memcg);
 	unsigned long nr[NR_LRU_LISTS];
 	unsigned long targets[NR_LRU_LISTS];
 	unsigned long nr_to_scan;
@@ -2332,13 +2333,14 @@ static bool in_reclaim_compaction(struct scan_control *sc)
  * calls try_to_compact_zone() that it will have enough free pages to succeed.
  * It will give up earlier than that if there is difficulty reclaiming pages.
  */
-static inline bool should_continue_reclaim(struct zone *zone,
+static inline bool should_continue_reclaim(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
 					unsigned long nr_reclaimed,
 					unsigned long nr_scanned,
 					struct scan_control *sc)
 {
 	unsigned long pages_for_compaction;
 	unsigned long inactive_lru_pages;
+	int z;
 
 	/* If not in reclaim/compaction mode, stop */
 	if (!in_reclaim_compaction(sc))
@@ -2372,21 +2374,27 @@ static inline bool should_continue_reclaim(struct zone *zone,
 	 * inactive lists are large enough, continue reclaiming
 	 */
 	pages_for_compaction = (2UL << sc->order);
-	inactive_lru_pages = node_page_state(zone->zone_pgdat, NR_INACTIVE_FILE);
+	inactive_lru_pages = node_page_state(pgdat, NR_INACTIVE_FILE);
 	if (get_nr_swap_pages() > 0)
-		inactive_lru_pages += node_page_state(zone->zone_pgdat, NR_INACTIVE_ANON);
+		inactive_lru_pages += node_page_state(pgdat, NR_INACTIVE_ANON);
 	if (sc->nr_reclaimed < pages_for_compaction &&
 			inactive_lru_pages > pages_for_compaction)
 		return true;
 
 	/* If compaction would go ahead or the allocation would succeed, stop */
-	switch (compaction_suitable(zone, sc->order, 0, 0)) {
-	case COMPACT_PARTIAL:
-	case COMPACT_CONTINUE:
-		return false;
-	default:
-		return true;
+	for (z = 0; z <= sc->reclaim_idx; z++) {
+		struct zone *zone = &pgdat->node_zones[z];
+
+		switch (compaction_suitable(zone, sc->order, 0, 0)) {
+		case COMPACT_PARTIAL:
+		case COMPACT_CONTINUE:
+			return false;
+		default:
+			/* check next zone */
+			;
+		}
 	}
+	return true;
 }
 
 static bool shrink_node(pg_data_t *pgdat, struct scan_control *sc,
@@ -2395,15 +2403,14 @@ static bool shrink_node(pg_data_t *pgdat, struct scan_control *sc,
 	struct reclaim_state *reclaim_state = current->reclaim_state;
 	unsigned long nr_reclaimed, nr_scanned;
 	bool reclaimable = false;
-	struct zone *zone = &pgdat->node_zones[classzone_idx];
 
 	do {
 		struct mem_cgroup *root = sc->target_mem_cgroup;
 		struct mem_cgroup_reclaim_cookie reclaim = {
-			.zone = zone,
+			.zone = &pgdat->node_zones[classzone_idx],
 			.priority = sc->priority,
 		};
-		unsigned long zone_lru_pages = 0;
+		unsigned long node_lru_pages = 0;
 		struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
 
 		nr_reclaimed = sc->nr_reclaimed;
@@ -2424,11 +2431,11 @@ static bool shrink_node(pg_data_t *pgdat, struct scan_control *sc,
 			reclaimed = sc->nr_reclaimed;
 			scanned = sc->nr_scanned;
 
-			shrink_zone_memcg(zone, memcg, sc, &lru_pages);
-			zone_lru_pages += lru_pages;
+			shrink_node_memcg(pgdat, memcg, sc, &lru_pages);
+			node_lru_pages += lru_pages;
 
 			if (!global_reclaim(sc) && sc->reclaim_idx == classzone_idx)
-				shrink_slab(sc->gfp_mask, zone_to_nid(zone),
+				shrink_slab(sc->gfp_mask, pgdat->node_id,
 					    memcg, sc->nr_scanned - scanned,
 					    lru_pages);
 
@@ -2440,7 +2447,7 @@ static bool shrink_node(pg_data_t *pgdat, struct scan_control *sc,
 			/*
 			 * Direct reclaim and kswapd have to scan all memory
 			 * cgroups to fulfill the overall scan target for the
-			 * zone.
+			 * node.
 			 *
 			 * Limit reclaim, on the other hand, only cares about
 			 * nr_to_reclaim pages to be reclaimed and it will
@@ -2459,9 +2466,9 @@ static bool shrink_node(pg_data_t *pgdat, struct scan_control *sc,
 		 * the eligible LRU pages were scanned.
 		 */
 		if (global_reclaim(sc) && sc->reclaim_idx == classzone_idx)
-			shrink_slab(sc->gfp_mask, zone_to_nid(zone), NULL,
+			shrink_slab(sc->gfp_mask, pgdat->node_id, NULL,
 				    sc->nr_scanned - nr_scanned,
-				    zone_lru_pages);
+				    node_lru_pages);
 
 		if (reclaim_state) {
 			sc->nr_reclaimed += reclaim_state->reclaimed_slab;
@@ -2476,7 +2483,7 @@ static bool shrink_node(pg_data_t *pgdat, struct scan_control *sc,
 		if (sc->nr_reclaimed - nr_reclaimed)
 			reclaimable = true;
 
-	} while (should_continue_reclaim(zone, sc->nr_reclaimed - nr_reclaimed,
+	} while (should_continue_reclaim(pgdat, sc->nr_reclaimed - nr_reclaimed,
 					 sc->nr_scanned - nr_scanned, sc));
 
 	return reclaimable;
@@ -2866,7 +2873,7 @@ unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist, int order,
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
 
-unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node_zone(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
+unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
 						gfp_t gfp_mask, bool noswap,
 						struct zone *zone,
 						unsigned long *nr_scanned)
@@ -2876,6 +2883,7 @@ unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node_zone(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
 		.target_mem_cgroup = memcg,
 		.may_writepage = !laptop_mode,
 		.may_unmap = 1,
+		.reclaim_idx = zone_idx(zone),
 		.may_swap = !noswap,
 	};
 	unsigned long lru_pages;
@@ -2890,11 +2898,11 @@ unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node_zone(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
 	/*
 	 * NOTE: Although we can get the priority field, using it
 	 * here is not a good idea, since it limits the pages we can scan.
-	 * if we don't reclaim here, the shrink_zone from balance_pgdat
+	 * if we don't reclaim here, the shrink_node from balance_pgdat
 	 * will pick up pages from other mem cgroup's as well. We hack
 	 * the priority and make it zero.
 	 */
-	shrink_zone_memcg(zone, memcg, &sc, &lru_pages);
+	shrink_node_memcg(zone->zone_pgdat, memcg, &sc, &lru_pages);
 
 	trace_mm_vmscan_memcg_softlimit_reclaim_end(sc.nr_reclaimed);
 
@@ -2952,7 +2960,7 @@ static void age_active_anon(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
 
 	memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(NULL, NULL, NULL);
 	do {
-		struct lruvec *lruvec = mem_cgroup_zone_lruvec(zone, memcg);
+		struct lruvec *lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(pgdat, zone, memcg);
 
 		if (inactive_list_is_low(lruvec, false))
 			shrink_active_list(SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX, lruvec,
diff --git a/mm/workingset.c b/mm/workingset.c
index c0820e06aaff..10ddf707782a 100644
--- a/mm/workingset.c
+++ b/mm/workingset.c
@@ -218,7 +218,7 @@ void *workingset_eviction(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
 	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(page), page);
 	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page);
 
-	lruvec = mem_cgroup_zone_lruvec(zone, memcg);
+	lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(zone->zone_pgdat, zone, memcg);
 	eviction = atomic_long_inc_return(&lruvec->inactive_age);
 	return pack_shadow(memcgid, zone, eviction);
 }
@@ -267,7 +267,7 @@ bool workingset_refault(void *shadow)
 		rcu_read_unlock();
 		return false;
 	}
-	lruvec = mem_cgroup_zone_lruvec(zone, memcg);
+	lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(zone->zone_pgdat, zone, memcg);
 	refault = atomic_long_read(&lruvec->inactive_age);
 	active_file = lruvec_lru_size(lruvec, LRU_ACTIVE_FILE);
 	rcu_read_unlock();
@@ -317,7 +317,7 @@ void workingset_activation(struct page *page)
 	 */
 	if (!mem_cgroup_disabled() && !page_memcg(page))
 		goto out;
-	lruvec = mem_cgroup_zone_lruvec(page_zone(page), page_memcg(page));
+	lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(page_zone(page)->zone_pgdat, page_zone(page), page_memcg(page));
 	atomic_long_inc(&lruvec->inactive_age);
 out:
 	unlock_page_memcg(page);
-- 
2.6.4

  parent reply	other threads:[~2016-06-09 18:07 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 75+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2016-06-09 18:04 [PATCH 00/27] Move LRU page reclaim from zones to nodes v6 Mel Gorman
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 01/27] mm, vmstat: Add infrastructure for per-node vmstats Mel Gorman
2016-06-10 13:31   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-10 13:47     ` Mel Gorman
2016-06-13 17:26   ` Christoph Lameter
2016-06-14 14:25     ` Mel Gorman
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 02/27] mm, vmscan: Move lru_lock to the node Mel Gorman
2016-06-10 16:39   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-10 17:48     ` Peter Zijlstra
2016-06-14 14:41     ` Mel Gorman
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 03/27] mm, vmscan: Move LRU lists to node Mel Gorman
2016-06-10 18:00   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 04/27] mm, vmscan: Begin reclaiming pages on a per-node basis Mel Gorman
2016-06-15 12:52   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 05/27] mm, vmscan: Have kswapd only scan based on the highest requested zone Mel Gorman
2016-06-15 13:13   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-16  7:44     ` Mel Gorman
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 06/27] mm, vmscan: Make kswapd reclaim in terms of nodes Mel Gorman
2016-06-15 14:23   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 07/27] mm, vmscan: Remove balance gap Mel Gorman
2016-06-15 14:28   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 08/27] mm, vmscan: Simplify the logic deciding whether kswapd sleeps Mel Gorman
2016-06-15 15:18   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-16  8:30     ` Mel Gorman
2016-06-16  9:16       ` Mel Gorman
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 09/27] mm, vmscan: By default have direct reclaim only shrink once per node Mel Gorman
2016-06-16  8:59   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 10/27] mm, vmscan: Clear congestion, dirty and need for compaction on a per-node basis Mel Gorman
2016-06-16  9:29   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-16 10:29     ` Mel Gorman
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 11/27] mm: vmscan: Do not reclaim from kswapd if there is any eligible zone Mel Gorman
2016-06-16 10:08   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-09 18:04 ` Mel Gorman [this message]
2016-06-16 13:35   ` [PATCH 12/27] mm, vmscan: Make shrink_node decisions more node-centric Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-16 14:47     ` Mel Gorman
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 13/27] mm, memcg: Move memcg limit enforcement from zones to nodes Mel Gorman
2016-06-16 15:06   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-16 15:53     ` Mel Gorman
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 14/27] mm, workingset: Make working set detection node-aware Mel Gorman
2016-06-16 15:13   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-16 15:56     ` Mel Gorman
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 15/27] mm, page_alloc: Consider dirtyable memory in terms of nodes Mel Gorman
2016-06-16 15:45   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 16/27] mm: Move page mapped accounting to the node Mel Gorman
2016-06-16 15:52   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-16 16:04     ` Mel Gorman
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 17/27] mm: Rename NR_ANON_PAGES to NR_ANON_MAPPED Mel Gorman
2016-06-17  8:28   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 18/27] mm: Move most file-based accounting to the node Mel Gorman
2016-06-17  8:35   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 19/27] mm: Move vmscan writes and file write " Mel Gorman
2016-06-17  8:51   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 20/27] mm, vmscan: Update classzone_idx if buffer_heads_over_limit Mel Gorman
2016-06-17  8:53   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 21/27] mm, vmscan: Only wakeup kswapd once per node for the requested classzone Mel Gorman
2016-06-17 10:46   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-17 12:03     ` Mel Gorman
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 22/27] mm: Convert zone_reclaim to node_reclaim Mel Gorman
2016-06-17 10:55   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 23/27] mm, vmscan: Add classzone information to tracepoints Mel Gorman
2016-06-17 10:57   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 24/27] mm, page_alloc: Remove fair zone allocation policy Mel Gorman
2016-06-17 11:27   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-17 12:07     ` Mel Gorman
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 25/27] mm: page_alloc: Cache the last node whose dirty limit is reached Mel Gorman
2016-06-17 11:31   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 26/27] mm: vmstat: Replace __count_zone_vm_events with a zone id equivalent Mel Gorman
2016-06-17 11:36   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-06-09 18:04 ` [PATCH 27/27] mm: vmstat: Account per-zone stalls and pages skipped during reclaim Mel Gorman
2016-06-17 12:39   ` Vlastimil Babka
  -- strict thread matches above, loose matches on Subject: below --
2016-06-21 14:15 [PATCH 00/27] Move LRU page reclaim from zones to nodes v7 Mel Gorman
2016-06-21 14:15 ` [PATCH 12/27] mm, vmscan: Make shrink_node decisions more node-centric Mel Gorman
2016-06-22 13:20   ` Michal Hocko
2016-06-22 15:42   ` Vlastimil Babka
2016-04-15  9:13 [PATCH 00/27] Move LRU page reclaim from zones to nodes v5 Mel Gorman
2016-04-15  9:13 ` [PATCH 12/27] mm, vmscan: Make shrink_node decisions more node-centric Mel Gorman
2016-04-06 11:19 [RFC PATCH 00/27] Move LRU page reclaim from zones to nodes v3 Mel Gorman
2016-04-06 11:20 ` [PATCH 12/27] mm, vmscan: Make shrink_node decisions more node-centric Mel Gorman

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