LKML Archive on lore.kernel.org
 help / color / Atom feed
From: Giovanni Gherdovich <ggherdovich@suse.cz>
To: Srinivas Pandruvada <srinivas.pandruvada@linux.intel.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>, Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>,
	"Rafael J . Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: x86@kernel.org, linux-pm@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>,
	Matt Fleming <matt@codeblueprint.co.uk>,
	Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org>,
	Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@redhat.com>, Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>,
	Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@linaro.org>,
	Quentin Perret <qperret@qperret.net>,
	Dietmar Eggemann <dietmar.eggemann@arm.com>,
	Doug Smythies <dsmythies@telus.net>,
	Giovanni Gherdovich <ggherdovich@suse.cz>
Subject: [PATCH v4 5/6] x86,sched: Add support for frequency invariance on ATOM
Date: Wed, 13 Nov 2019 13:46:53 +0100
Message-ID: <20191113124654.18122-6-ggherdovich@suse.cz> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20191113124654.18122-1-ggherdovich@suse.cz>

The scheduler needs the ratio freq_curr/freq_max for frequency-invariant
accounting. On all ATOM CPUs prior to Goldmont, set freq_max to the 1-core
turbo ratio.

We intended to perform tests validating that this patch doesn't regress in
terms of energy efficiency, given that this is the primary concern on Atom
processors. Alas, we found out that turbostat doesn't support reading RAPL
interfaces on our test machine (Airmont), and we don't have external equipment
to measure power consumption; all we have is the performance results of the
benchmarks we ran.

Test machine:

Platform    : Dell Wyse 3040 Thin Client[1]
CPU Model   : Intel Atom x5-Z8350 (aka Cherry Trail, aka Airmont)
Fam/Mod/Ste : 6:76:4
Topology    : 1 socket, 4 cores / 4 threads
Memory      : 2G
Storage     : onboard flash, XFS filesystem

[1] https://www.dell.com/en-us/work/shop/wyse-endpoints-and-software/wyse-3040-thin-client/spd/wyse-3040-thin-client

Base frequency and available turbo levels (MHz):

    Min Operating Freq   266 |***
    Low Freq Mode        800 |********
    Base Freq           2400 |************************
    4 Cores             2800 |****************************
    3 Cores             2800 |****************************
    2 Cores             3200 |********************************
    1 Core              3200 |********************************

Tested kernels:

Baseline      : v5.4-rc1,              intel_pstate passive,  schedutil
Comparison #1 : v5.4-rc1,              intel_pstate active ,  powersave
Comparison #2 : v5.4-rc1, this patch,  intel_pstate passive,  schedutil

tbench, hackbench and kernbench performed the same under all three kernels;
dbench ran faster with intel_pstate/powersave and the git unit tests were a
lot faster with intel_pstate/powersave and invariant schedutil wrt the
baseline. Not that any of this is terrbily interesting anyway, one doesn't buy
an Atom system to go fast. Power consumption regressions aren't expected but
we lack the equipment to make that measurement. Turbostat seems to think that
reading RAPL on this machine isn't a good idea and we're trusting that
decision.

comparison ratio of performance with baseline; 1.00 means neutral,
lower is better:

                      I_PSTATE      FREQ-INV
    ----------------------------------------
    dbench                0.90             ~
    kernbench             0.98          0.97
    gitsource             0.63          0.43

Signed-off-by: Giovanni Gherdovich <ggherdovich@suse.cz>
---
 arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c | 29 +++++++++++++++++++++--------
 1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c b/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
index 4d192abf337d..8988177064be 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
@@ -1821,6 +1821,24 @@ static bool turbo_disabled(void)
 	return (misc_en & MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TURBO_DISABLE);
 }
 
+static bool slv_set_cpu_max_freq(u64 *ratio, u64 *turbo_ratio)
+{
+	int err;
+
+	err = rdmsrl_safe(MSR_ATOM_CORE_RATIOS, ratio);
+	if (err)
+		return false;
+
+	err = rdmsrl_safe(MSR_ATOM_CORE_TURBO_RATIOS, turbo_ratio);
+	if (err)
+		return false;
+
+	*ratio = (*ratio >> 16) & 0x3F;      /* max P state ratio */
+	*turbo_ratio = *turbo_ratio & 0x3F;  /* 1C turbo ratio */
+
+	return true;
+}
+
 #include <asm/cpu_device_id.h>
 #include <asm/intel-family.h>
 
@@ -1984,19 +2002,14 @@ static bool core_set_cpu_max_freq(u64 *ratio, u64 *turbo_ratio)
 
 static void intel_set_cpu_max_freq(void)
 {
-	/*
-	 * TODO: add support for:
-	 *
-	 * - Atom Silvermont
-	 *
-	 * which all now get by default arch_max_freq = SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE
-	 */
-
 	u64 ratio = 1, turbo_ratio = 1;
 
 	if (turbo_disabled())
 		return;
 
+	if (slv_set_cpu_max_freq(&ratio, &turbo_ratio))
+		goto set_value;
+
 	if (glm_set_cpu_max_freq(&ratio, &turbo_ratio))
 		goto set_value;
 
-- 
2.16.4


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 35+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-11-13 12:46 [PATCH v4 0/6] Add support for frequency invariance for (some) x86 Giovanni Gherdovich
2019-11-13 12:46 ` [PATCH v4 1/6] x86,sched: Add support for frequency invariance Giovanni Gherdovich
2019-11-24  7:49   ` Doug Smythies
2019-11-25  8:16     ` Doug Smythies
2019-11-25  9:16     ` Mel Gorman
2019-11-25 16:06     ` Giovanni Gherdovich
2019-11-26  5:59       ` Doug Smythies
2019-11-26 15:20         ` Giovanni Gherdovich
2019-11-27  7:32           ` Doug Smythies
2019-11-28 22:48             ` Doug Smythies
2019-12-19 10:48               ` Qais Yousef
2019-12-23  7:47                 ` Doug Smythies
2019-12-23 14:07                   ` Qais Yousef
2019-12-23 14:40                     ` Qais Yousef
2019-12-23 16:34                       ` Doug Smythies
2019-12-23 19:10                         ` Qais Yousef
2019-12-24  1:16                           ` Doug Smythies
2019-12-24 11:08                             ` Qais Yousef
2019-12-02 16:34   ` Ionela Voinescu
2019-12-06 11:57     ` Giovanni Gherdovich
2019-12-18 19:34       ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-12-19 20:27         ` Giovanni Gherdovich
2019-11-13 12:46 ` [PATCH v4 2/6] x86,sched: Add support for frequency invariance on SKYLAKE_X Giovanni Gherdovich
2019-12-18 20:06   ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-12-19 20:29     ` Giovanni Gherdovich
2019-11-13 12:46 ` [PATCH v4 3/6] x86,sched: Add support for frequency invariance on XEON_PHI_KNL/KNM Giovanni Gherdovich
2019-12-18 20:22   ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-12-19 20:32     ` Giovanni Gherdovich
2019-11-13 12:46 ` [PATCH v4 4/6] x86,sched: Add support for frequency invariance on ATOM_GOLDMONT* Giovanni Gherdovich
2019-11-13 12:46 ` Giovanni Gherdovich [this message]
2019-11-13 16:50   ` [PATCH v4 5/6] x86,sched: Add support for frequency invariance on ATOM Srinivas Pandruvada
2019-11-15 10:34     ` Giovanni Gherdovich
2019-11-13 12:46 ` [PATCH v4 6/6] x86: intel_pstate: handle runtime turbo disablement/enablement in freq. invariance Giovanni Gherdovich
2019-12-18 20:37 ` [PATCH v4 0/6] Add support for frequency invariance for (some) x86 Peter Zijlstra
2019-12-19 20:33   ` Giovanni Gherdovich

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=20191113124654.18122-6-ggherdovich@suse.cz \
    --to=ggherdovich@suse.cz \
    --cc=bp@suse.de \
    --cc=dietmar.eggemann@arm.com \
    --cc=dsmythies@telus.net \
    --cc=juri.lelli@redhat.com \
    --cc=lenb@kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-pm@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=matt@codeblueprint.co.uk \
    --cc=mgorman@techsingularity.net \
    --cc=mingo@redhat.com \
    --cc=peterz@infradead.org \
    --cc=pjt@google.com \
    --cc=qperret@qperret.net \
    --cc=rjw@rjwysocki.net \
    --cc=srinivas.pandruvada@linux.intel.com \
    --cc=tglx@linutronix.de \
    --cc=vincent.guittot@linaro.org \
    --cc=viresh.kumar@linaro.org \
    --cc=x86@kernel.org \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

LKML Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/0 lkml/git/0.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/1 lkml/git/1.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/2 lkml/git/2.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/3 lkml/git/3.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/4 lkml/git/4.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/5 lkml/git/5.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/6 lkml/git/6.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/7 lkml/git/7.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/8 lkml/git/8.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/9 lkml/git/9.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 lkml lkml/ https://lore.kernel.org/lkml \
		linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index lkml

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kernel.vger.linux-kernel


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git