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* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
       [not found]   ` <rbhuamrc6ajy3l1qereb60l8.1440494220682@email.android.com>
@ 2015-08-25 19:34     ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  2015-08-25 19:46       ` Takashi Iwai
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Luis R. Rodriguez @ 2015-08-25 19:34 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang, joonas.lahtinen
  Cc: Takashi Iwai, Dmitry Torokhov, Tom Gundersen, Ming Lei, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, Linus Torvalds, David Woodhouse,
	mcgrof, linux-kernel

On Tue, Aug 25, 2015 at 10:17:00AM +0100, David Woodhouse wrote:
> Luis, did you tell me the other day that you made the kernel get firmware
> directly from the file system? This regression would be yours then?

I didn't implement that, Linus did in 2012 (see commit abb139e75c2c titled
"firmware: teach the kernel to load firmware files directly from the
filesystem"). But we used to fallback to a userspace helper when the fw was
not present and then Takashi made this optional via commit 7b1269f778782d
titled "firmware: Make user-mode helper optional". Takashi noted in the
Kconfig "The user-mode helper is no longer required unless you have a
special firmware file that resides in a non-standard path". It was not
clarified why that's true though, or what you'd need to do to ensure
that the fw would be available. It would be good for us to elaborate
on that.

More on this below.

> I can also take a look next week when I'm home from vacation.

No worries, I'll look at it.

> From:Liam Girdwood <liam.r.girdwood@intel.com>
> Sent:Tue, 25 Aug 2015 09:05:00 +0100
> To:"Jie, Yang" <yang.jie@intel.com>,dwmw2@infradead.org,"joonas.lahtinen	" <joonas.lahtinen@linux.intel.com>
> Subject:Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
> 
> >On Mon, 2015-08-24 at 21:50 +0100, Liam Girdwood wrote:
> >> Currently firmware loading with built-in drivers is failing on systems
> >> that mount an initramfs before the root FS is mounted (that contains the
> >> firmware file). Modular drivers work fine.
> >> 
> >> Keyon (Jie, Yang) has done some testing with the Intel audio DSP driver
> >> and found that the built-in firmware loading only works if the firmware
> >> is included as part of the initramfs.

Note that works.

> >> The same has been seen with other
> >> Intel drivers that use firmware.
> >> 
> >> In this case it looks like userspace (udevd ?) is checking initramfs for
> >> pending firmware requests and returning not found if it cant find the
> >> files, but it's not re-checking for any pending firmware requests once
> >> the real FS is mounted. Is it possible to have udevd re-check the
> >> pending firmware requests after the real FS is mounted ?

We are phasing out CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER support in the kernel, support
for udev helper firmware loading was removed from systemd, the only requirement
for it now is the dell rbu driver.

Without CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER it its up to userspace or system
integrators to do the right thing and you have a few options if you are
enabling drivers as built-in:

  * stuff firmware in initramfs
  * built firmware into the kernel

We don't do anything special for pivot_root for built-in, I am not sure if
we should, I don't think we should... can you not do any of the above
two options?

Since folks can stuff firmware into initramfs and that's outside the scope of
how we build the kernel we can't always ensure folks will do one of the above
two options at build time for built-in drivers. If we don't want to do
something for pivot_root the only thing I think we can do is document the
expecations clearly, unless there are other ideas of course.

  Luis

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-25 19:34     ` Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs Luis R. Rodriguez
@ 2015-08-25 19:46       ` Takashi Iwai
  2015-08-25 19:58         ` Dmitry Torokhov
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Takashi Iwai @ 2015-08-25 19:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Luis R. Rodriguez
  Cc: Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang, joonas.lahtinen, Dmitry Torokhov,
	Tom Gundersen, Ming Lei, Al Viro, Greg Kroah-Hartman,
	Kay Sievers, Linus Torvalds, David Woodhouse, mcgrof,
	linux-kernel

On Tue, 25 Aug 2015 21:34:08 +0200,
Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> 
> On Tue, Aug 25, 2015 at 10:17:00AM +0100, David Woodhouse wrote:
> > Luis, did you tell me the other day that you made the kernel get firmware
> > directly from the file system? This regression would be yours then?
> 
> I didn't implement that, Linus did in 2012 (see commit abb139e75c2c titled
> "firmware: teach the kernel to load firmware files directly from the
> filesystem"). But we used to fallback to a userspace helper when the fw was
> not present and then Takashi made this optional via commit 7b1269f778782d
> titled "firmware: Make user-mode helper optional". Takashi noted in the
> Kconfig "The user-mode helper is no longer required unless you have a
> special firmware file that resides in a non-standard path". It was not
> clarified why that's true though, or what you'd need to do to ensure
> that the fw would be available. It would be good for us to elaborate
> on that.

The recent udev already dropped the firmware loading feature.


Takashi

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-25 19:46       ` Takashi Iwai
@ 2015-08-25 19:58         ` Dmitry Torokhov
  2015-08-25 20:26           ` Linus Torvalds
  2015-08-26  5:12           ` Jie, Yang
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 40+ messages in thread
From: Dmitry Torokhov @ 2015-08-25 19:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Takashi Iwai
  Cc: Luis R. Rodriguez, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang, joonas.lahtinen,
	Tom Gundersen, Ming Lei, Al Viro, Greg Kroah-Hartman,
	Kay Sievers, Linus Torvalds, David Woodhouse, Luis Rodriguez,
	lkml

On Tue, Aug 25, 2015 at 12:46 PM, Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de> wrote:
> On Tue, 25 Aug 2015 21:34:08 +0200,
> Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
>>
>> On Tue, Aug 25, 2015 at 10:17:00AM +0100, David Woodhouse wrote:
>> > Luis, did you tell me the other day that you made the kernel get firmware
>> > directly from the file system? This regression would be yours then?
>>
>> I didn't implement that, Linus did in 2012 (see commit abb139e75c2c titled
>> "firmware: teach the kernel to load firmware files directly from the
>> filesystem"). But we used to fallback to a userspace helper when the fw was
>> not present and then Takashi made this optional via commit 7b1269f778782d
>> titled "firmware: Make user-mode helper optional". Takashi noted in the
>> Kconfig "The user-mode helper is no longer required unless you have a
>> special firmware file that resides in a non-standard path". It was not
>> clarified why that's true though, or what you'd need to do to ensure
>> that the fw would be available. It would be good for us to elaborate
>> on that.
>
> The recent udev already dropped the firmware loading feature.

Note that even when we had udev helper to load the firmware it was not
always reliable depending on the exact point where we requested
firmware. If request happened in probe() path before we mounted root
fs then we'd never get it loaded because we'd be waiting for devices
settle before mounting rootfs.

Either build firmware in the kernel or ramdisk (so it is always
available), or make sure request_firmware() calls are not in driver's
probe() paths.

Thanks.

-- 
Dmitry

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-25 19:58         ` Dmitry Torokhov
@ 2015-08-25 20:26           ` Linus Torvalds
  2015-08-26  5:30             ` yalin wang
  2015-08-26  5:12           ` Jie, Yang
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Linus Torvalds @ 2015-08-25 20:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dmitry Torokhov
  Cc: Takashi Iwai, Luis R. Rodriguez, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang,
	joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Ming Lei, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, Luis Rodriguez,
	lkml

On Tue, Aug 25, 2015 at 12:58 PM, Dmitry Torokhov
<dmitry.torokhov@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> Either build firmware in the kernel or ramdisk (so it is always
> available), or make sure request_firmware() calls are not in driver's
> probe() paths.

The correct answer is almost always that second one.

Drivers that load firmware in their probe parts are generally doign
things wrong.

It's very occasionally the right thing to do - there are a few pieces
of hardware where just about _everything_ about the device is in the
firmware, and you simply can't even problem them before that, because
you don't know what they *are* before the firmware has been loaded.
The extreme case of that might be something like the base hardware
being an FPGA that has a USB interface, but before the FPGA has been
loaded, it basically has no identity. So there are probably valid
cases in theory for loading firmware at probe time, but pretty much
every single case I've ever actually seen, the probe knows what the
actual hardware is from some identifiable piece, and the actual
firmware loading should be delayed until the piece of hardware is
actually opened.

So the "load firmware in probe routine" happens, and we shouldn't
disallow it, but it should be considered a "last resort" kind of
thing.

In general, things like sound drivers should *not* need to have their
firmware in the initrd, even if you build them into the kernel. A disk
driver? Yes. Maybe the root filesystem is on that disk, and you need
the firmware for the disk driver to load it. But a sound device?
Please just make sure that you load the firmware as late as possible.

                        Linus

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* RE: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-25 19:58         ` Dmitry Torokhov
  2015-08-25 20:26           ` Linus Torvalds
@ 2015-08-26  5:12           ` Jie, Yang
  2015-08-26  5:32             ` Takashi Iwai
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Jie, Yang @ 2015-08-26  5:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dmitry Torokhov, Takashi Iwai
  Cc: Luis R. Rodriguez, Girdwood, Liam R, joonas.lahtinen,
	Tom Gundersen, Ming Lei, Al Viro, Greg Kroah-Hartman,
	Kay Sievers, Linus Torvalds, David Woodhouse, Luis Rodriguez,
	lkml

[-- Warning: decoded text below may be mangled --]
[-- Attachment #0: Type: text/plain; charset="utf-8", Size: 2540 bytes --]

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Dmitry Torokhov [mailto:dmitry.torokhov@gmail.com]
> Sent: Wednesday, August 26, 2015 3:58 AM
> To: Takashi Iwai
> Cc: Luis R. Rodriguez; Girdwood, Liam R; Jie, Yang;
> joonas.lahtinen@linux.intel.com; Tom Gundersen; Ming Lei; Al Viro; Greg
> Kroah-Hartman; Kay Sievers; Linus Torvalds; David Woodhouse; Luis
> Rodriguez; lkml
> Subject: Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels
> that use initramfs.
> 
> On Tue, Aug 25, 2015 at 12:46 PM, Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de> wrote:
> > On Tue, 25 Aug 2015 21:34:08 +0200,
> > Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> >>
> >> On Tue, Aug 25, 2015 at 10:17:00AM +0100, David Woodhouse wrote:
> >> > Luis, did you tell me the other day that you made the kernel get
> >> > firmware directly from the file system? This regression would be yours
> then?
> >>
> >> I didn't implement that, Linus did in 2012 (see commit abb139e75c2c
> >> titled
> >> "firmware: teach the kernel to load firmware files directly from the
> >> filesystem"). But we used to fallback to a userspace helper when the
> >> fw was not present and then Takashi made this optional via commit
> >> 7b1269f778782d titled "firmware: Make user-mode helper optional".
> >> Takashi noted in the Kconfig "The user-mode helper is no longer
> >> required unless you have a special firmware file that resides in a
> >> non-standard path". It was not clarified why that's true though, or
> >> what you'd need to do to ensure that the fw would be available. It
> >> would be good for us to elaborate on that.
> >
> > The recent udev already dropped the firmware loading feature.
> 
> Note that even when we had udev helper to load the firmware it was not
> always reliable depending on the exact point where we requested firmware.
> If request happened in probe() path before we mounted root fs then we'd
> never get it loaded because we'd be waiting for devices settle before
> mounting rootfs.

For request in probe(), is it possible to use request_firmware_nowait() to
wait rootfs mounted or timeout in another thread?

It looks usermodehelper_disabled is 0(at probe()) at this case then no waiting occurs
here in our testing.

Thanks,
~Keyon

> 
> Either build firmware in the kernel or ramdisk (so it is always available), or
> make sure request_firmware() calls are not in driver's
> probe() paths.
> 
> Thanks.
> 
> --
> Dmitry
ÿôèº{.nÇ+‰·Ÿ®‰­†+%ŠËÿ±éݶ\x17¥Šwÿº{.nÇ+‰·¥Š{±þG«éÿŠ{ayº\x1dʇڙë,j\a­¢f£¢·hšïêÿ‘êçz_è®\x03(­éšŽŠÝ¢j"ú\x1a¶^[m§ÿÿ¾\a«þG«éÿ¢¸?™¨è­Ú&£ø§~á¶iO•æ¬z·švØ^\x14\x04\x1a¶^[m§ÿÿÃ\fÿ¶ìÿ¢¸?–I¥

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-25 20:26           ` Linus Torvalds
@ 2015-08-26  5:30             ` yalin wang
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 40+ messages in thread
From: yalin wang @ 2015-08-26  5:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds
  Cc: Dmitry Torokhov, Takashi Iwai, Luis R. Rodriguez, Liam Girdwood,
	Jie, Yang, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Ming Lei, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, Luis Rodriguez,
	lkml


> On Aug 26, 2015, at 04:26, Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
> 
> On Tue, Aug 25, 2015 at 12:58 PM, Dmitry Torokhov
> <dmitry.torokhov@gmail.com> wrote:
>> 
>> Either build firmware in the kernel or ramdisk (so it is always
>> available), or make sure request_firmware() calls are not in driver's
>> probe() paths.
> 
> The correct answer is almost always that second one.
> 
> Drivers that load firmware in their probe parts are generally doign
> things wrong.
> 
> It's very occasionally the right thing to do - there are a few pieces
> of hardware where just about _everything_ about the device is in the
> firmware, and you simply can't even problem them before that, because
> you don't know what they *are* before the firmware has been loaded.
> The extreme case of that might be something like the base hardware
> being an FPGA that has a USB interface, but before the FPGA has been
> loaded, it basically has no identity. So there are probably valid
> cases in theory for loading firmware at probe time, but pretty much
> every single case I've ever actually seen, the probe knows what the
> actual hardware is from some identifiable piece, and the actual
> firmware loading should be delayed until the piece of hardware is
> actually opened.
> 
> So the "load firmware in probe routine" happens, and we shouldn't
> disallow it, but it should be considered a "last resort" kind of
> thing.
> 
> In general, things like sound drivers should *not* need to have their
> firmware in the initrd, even if you build them into the kernel. A disk
> driver? Yes. Maybe the root filesystem is on that disk, and you need
> the firmware for the disk driver to load it. But a sound device?
> Please just make sure that you load the firmware as late as possible.
> 
i remember lots of drivers load their firmware when some user space process
open the device node, that is to say, they load the firmware in 
->open() function, at this time , you can make sure the real filesystem is ready in
most time.  

i think your dsp firmware can also do like this.
you can refer to msm gnu driver:

static void load_gpu(struct drm_device *dev)
{
	static DEFINE_MUTEX(init_lock);
	struct msm_drm_private *priv = dev->dev_private;

	mutex_lock(&init_lock);

	if (!priv->gpu)
		priv->gpu = adreno_load_gpu(dev);

	mutex_unlock(&init_lock);
}

static int msm_open(struct drm_device *dev, struct drm_file *file)
{
	struct msm_file_private *ctx;

	/* For now, load gpu on open.. to avoid the requirement of having
	 * firmware in the initrd.
	 */
	load_gpu(dev);

	ctx = kzalloc(sizeof(*ctx), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!ctx)
		return -ENOMEM;

	file->driver_priv = ctx;

	return 0;
}
it load the firmware in open() function.

Thanks












^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-26  5:12           ` Jie, Yang
@ 2015-08-26  5:32             ` Takashi Iwai
  2015-08-26  6:17               ` Jie, Yang
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Takashi Iwai @ 2015-08-26  5:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jie, Yang
  Cc: Dmitry Torokhov, Luis R. Rodriguez, Girdwood, Liam R,
	joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Ming Lei, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, Linus Torvalds, David Woodhouse,
	Luis Rodriguez, lkml

On Wed, 26 Aug 2015 07:12:46 +0200,
Jie, Yang wrote:
> 
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Dmitry Torokhov [mailto:dmitry.torokhov@gmail.com]
> > Sent: Wednesday, August 26, 2015 3:58 AM
> > To: Takashi Iwai
> > Cc: Luis R. Rodriguez; Girdwood, Liam R; Jie, Yang;
> > joonas.lahtinen@linux.intel.com; Tom Gundersen; Ming Lei; Al Viro; Greg
> > Kroah-Hartman; Kay Sievers; Linus Torvalds; David Woodhouse; Luis
> > Rodriguez; lkml
> > Subject: Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels
> > that use initramfs.
> > 
> > On Tue, Aug 25, 2015 at 12:46 PM, Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de> wrote:
> > > On Tue, 25 Aug 2015 21:34:08 +0200,
> > > Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> > >>
> > >> On Tue, Aug 25, 2015 at 10:17:00AM +0100, David Woodhouse wrote:
> > >> > Luis, did you tell me the other day that you made the kernel get
> > >> > firmware directly from the file system? This regression would be yours
> > then?
> > >>
> > >> I didn't implement that, Linus did in 2012 (see commit abb139e75c2c
> > >> titled
> > >> "firmware: teach the kernel to load firmware files directly from the
> > >> filesystem"). But we used to fallback to a userspace helper when the
> > >> fw was not present and then Takashi made this optional via commit
> > >> 7b1269f778782d titled "firmware: Make user-mode helper optional".
> > >> Takashi noted in the Kconfig "The user-mode helper is no longer
> > >> required unless you have a special firmware file that resides in a
> > >> non-standard path". It was not clarified why that's true though, or
> > >> what you'd need to do to ensure that the fw would be available. It
> > >> would be good for us to elaborate on that.
> > >
> > > The recent udev already dropped the firmware loading feature.
> > 
> > Note that even when we had udev helper to load the firmware it was not
> > always reliable depending on the exact point where we requested firmware.
> > If request happened in probe() path before we mounted root fs then we'd
> > never get it loaded because we'd be waiting for devices settle before
> > mounting rootfs.
> 
> For request in probe(), is it possible to use request_firmware_nowait() to
> wait rootfs mounted or timeout in another thread?
> 
> It looks usermodehelper_disabled is 0(at probe()) at this case then no waiting occurs
> here in our testing.

It's possible -- and even with the normal request_firmware(), in
theory.  The missing piece is that you need to inform the helper to
retry the f/w loading.  Currently the direct f/w loader assumes that
the file is there and returns error if not present.

If we implement a retry, another question is how to trigger it,
i.e. how the helper can know when a fs is mounted a new file is
present.


Takashi

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* RE: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-26  5:32             ` Takashi Iwai
@ 2015-08-26  6:17               ` Jie, Yang
  2015-08-26  8:06                 ` Liam Girdwood
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Jie, Yang @ 2015-08-26  6:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Takashi Iwai
  Cc: Dmitry Torokhov, Luis R. Rodriguez, Girdwood, Liam R,
	joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Ming Lei, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, Linus Torvalds, David Woodhouse,
	Luis Rodriguez, lkml, yalin wang

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Takashi Iwai [mailto:tiwai@suse.de]
> Sent: Wednesday, August 26, 2015 1:33 PM
> To: Jie, Yang
> Cc: Dmitry Torokhov; Luis R. Rodriguez; Girdwood, Liam R;
> joonas.lahtinen@linux.intel.com; Tom Gundersen; Ming Lei; Al Viro; Greg
> Kroah-Hartman; Kay Sievers; Linus Torvalds; David Woodhouse; Luis
> Rodriguez; lkml
> Subject: Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels
> that use initramfs.
> 
> On Wed, 26 Aug 2015 07:12:46 +0200,
> Jie, Yang wrote:
> >
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: Dmitry Torokhov [mailto:dmitry.torokhov@gmail.com]
> > > Sent: Wednesday, August 26, 2015 3:58 AM
> > > To: Takashi Iwai
> > > Cc: Luis R. Rodriguez; Girdwood, Liam R; Jie, Yang;
> > > joonas.lahtinen@linux.intel.com; Tom Gundersen; Ming Lei; Al Viro;
> > > Greg Kroah-Hartman; Kay Sievers; Linus Torvalds; David Woodhouse;
> > > Luis Rodriguez; lkml
> > > Subject: Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with
> > > kernels that use initramfs.
> > >
> > > On Tue, Aug 25, 2015 at 12:46 PM, Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de> wrote:
> > > > On Tue, 25 Aug 2015 21:34:08 +0200, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> > > >>
> > > >> On Tue, Aug 25, 2015 at 10:17:00AM +0100, David Woodhouse wrote:
> > > >> > Luis, did you tell me the other day that you made the kernel
> > > >> > get firmware directly from the file system? This regression
> > > >> > would be yours
> > > then?
> > > >>
> > > >> I didn't implement that, Linus did in 2012 (see commit
> > > >> abb139e75c2c titled
> > > >> "firmware: teach the kernel to load firmware files directly from
> > > >> the filesystem"). But we used to fallback to a userspace helper
> > > >> when the fw was not present and then Takashi made this optional
> > > >> via commit 7b1269f778782d titled "firmware: Make user-mode helper
> optional".
> > > >> Takashi noted in the Kconfig "The user-mode helper is no longer
> > > >> required unless you have a special firmware file that resides in
> > > >> a non-standard path". It was not clarified why that's true
> > > >> though, or what you'd need to do to ensure that the fw would be
> > > >> available. It would be good for us to elaborate on that.
> > > >
> > > > The recent udev already dropped the firmware loading feature.
> > >
> > > Note that even when we had udev helper to load the firmware it was
> > > not always reliable depending on the exact point where we requested
> firmware.
> > > If request happened in probe() path before we mounted root fs then
> > > we'd never get it loaded because we'd be waiting for devices settle
> > > before mounting rootfs.
> >
> > For request in probe(), is it possible to use
> > request_firmware_nowait() to wait rootfs mounted or timeout in another
> thread?
> >
> > It looks usermodehelper_disabled is 0(at probe()) at this case then no
> > waiting occurs here in our testing.
> 
> It's possible -- and even with the normal request_firmware(), in theory.  The
> missing piece is that you need to inform the helper to retry the f/w loading.
> Currently the direct f/w loader assumes that the file is there and returns
> error if not present.
> 
> If we implement a retry, another question is how to trigger it, i.e. how the
> helper can know when a fs is mounted a new file is present.
 
Got it, thanks Takashi and all.

So looks we should(and already done for most audio firmware) implement it 
as Dmitry and Linus proposed, that is to make sure request_firmware() calls
are not in driver's probe() paths.

Yalin help posted sample code for this implementation(to request firmware
in device node open) and actually I also did similar for Broadwell ADSP driver
and will send out later, thank you all.

Thanks,
~Keyon

> 
> 
> Takashi

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-26  6:17               ` Jie, Yang
@ 2015-08-26  8:06                 ` Liam Girdwood
  2015-08-26  8:29                   ` Jie, Yang
  2015-08-26 18:07                   ` Linus Torvalds
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 40+ messages in thread
From: Liam Girdwood @ 2015-08-26  8:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jie, Yang
  Cc: Takashi Iwai, Dmitry Torokhov, Luis R. Rodriguez,
	joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Ming Lei, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, Linus Torvalds, David Woodhouse,
	Luis Rodriguez, lkml, yalin wang

On Wed, 2015-08-26 at 07:17 +0100, Jie, Yang wrote:
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Takashi Iwai [mailto:tiwai@suse.de]
> > Sent: Wednesday, August 26, 2015 1:33 PM
> > To: Jie, Yang
> > Cc: Dmitry Torokhov; Luis R. Rodriguez; Girdwood, Liam R;
> > joonas.lahtinen@linux.intel.com; Tom Gundersen; Ming Lei; Al Viro; Greg
> > Kroah-Hartman; Kay Sievers; Linus Torvalds; David Woodhouse; Luis
> > Rodriguez; lkml
> > Subject: Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels
> > that use initramfs.
> > 
> > On Wed, 26 Aug 2015 07:12:46 +0200,
> > Jie, Yang wrote:
> > >
> > > > -----Original Message-----
> > > > From: Dmitry Torokhov [mailto:dmitry.torokhov@gmail.com]
> > > > Sent: Wednesday, August 26, 2015 3:58 AM
> > > > To: Takashi Iwai
> > > > Cc: Luis R. Rodriguez; Girdwood, Liam R; Jie, Yang;
> > > > joonas.lahtinen@linux.intel.com; Tom Gundersen; Ming Lei; Al Viro;
> > > > Greg Kroah-Hartman; Kay Sievers; Linus Torvalds; David Woodhouse;
> > > > Luis Rodriguez; lkml
> > > > Subject: Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with
> > > > kernels that use initramfs.
> > > >
> > > > On Tue, Aug 25, 2015 at 12:46 PM, Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de> wrote:
> > > > > On Tue, 25 Aug 2015 21:34:08 +0200, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> > > > >>
> > > > >> On Tue, Aug 25, 2015 at 10:17:00AM +0100, David Woodhouse wrote:
> > > > >> > Luis, did you tell me the other day that you made the kernel
> > > > >> > get firmware directly from the file system? This regression
> > > > >> > would be yours
> > > > then?
> > > > >>
> > > > >> I didn't implement that, Linus did in 2012 (see commit
> > > > >> abb139e75c2c titled
> > > > >> "firmware: teach the kernel to load firmware files directly from
> > > > >> the filesystem"). But we used to fallback to a userspace helper
> > > > >> when the fw was not present and then Takashi made this optional
> > > > >> via commit 7b1269f778782d titled "firmware: Make user-mode helper
> > optional".
> > > > >> Takashi noted in the Kconfig "The user-mode helper is no longer
> > > > >> required unless you have a special firmware file that resides in
> > > > >> a non-standard path". It was not clarified why that's true
> > > > >> though, or what you'd need to do to ensure that the fw would be
> > > > >> available. It would be good for us to elaborate on that.
> > > > >
> > > > > The recent udev already dropped the firmware loading feature.
> > > >
> > > > Note that even when we had udev helper to load the firmware it was
> > > > not always reliable depending on the exact point where we requested
> > firmware.
> > > > If request happened in probe() path before we mounted root fs then
> > > > we'd never get it loaded because we'd be waiting for devices settle
> > > > before mounting rootfs.
> > >
> > > For request in probe(), is it possible to use
> > > request_firmware_nowait() to wait rootfs mounted or timeout in another
> > thread?
> > >
> > > It looks usermodehelper_disabled is 0(at probe()) at this case then no
> > > waiting occurs here in our testing.
> > 
> > It's possible -- and even with the normal request_firmware(), in theory.  The
> > missing piece is that you need to inform the helper to retry the f/w loading.
> > Currently the direct f/w loader assumes that the file is there and returns
> > error if not present.
> > 
> > If we implement a retry, another question is how to trigger it, i.e. how the
> > helper can know when a fs is mounted a new file is present.
>  
> Got it, thanks Takashi and all.
> 
> So looks we should(and already done for most audio firmware) implement it 
> as Dmitry and Linus proposed, that is to make sure request_firmware() calls
> are not in driver's probe() paths.
> 
> Yalin help posted sample code for this implementation(to request firmware
> in device node open) and actually I also did similar for Broadwell ADSP driver
> and will send out later, thank you all.

Keyon, we have a similar situation to that of the FPGA example that
Linus described when the DSP driver uses topology data. i.e. the audio
driver will have no PCM devices that can be opened (to initiate the FW
loading) until after the FW is loaded. The topology data is part of the
FW and contains the PCMs, kcontrols, graphs etc. i.e. a PCM device is
created for every PCM description found in the FW topology data. 

I think the options are to either :-

1) Don not support audio DSP drivers using topology data as built-in
drivers. Audio is not really a critical system required for booting
anyway.

2) Create a default PCM for every driver that has topology data on the
assumption that every sound card will at least 1 PCM. This PCM can then
be re-configured when the FW is loaded. 

Liam



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* RE: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-26  8:06                 ` Liam Girdwood
@ 2015-08-26  8:29                   ` Jie, Yang
  2015-08-26  9:00                     ` Liam Girdwood
  2015-08-26 18:07                   ` Linus Torvalds
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Jie, Yang @ 2015-08-26  8:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Liam Girdwood
  Cc: Takashi Iwai, Dmitry Torokhov, Luis R. Rodriguez,
	joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Ming Lei, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, Linus Torvalds, David Woodhouse,
	Luis Rodriguez, lkml, yalin wang, Lin, Mengdong

[-- Warning: decoded text below may be mangled --]
[-- Attachment #0: Type: text/plain; charset="utf-8", Size: 3222 bytes --]

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Liam Girdwood [mailto:liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com]
> Sent: Wednesday, August 26, 2015 4:07 PM
> To: Jie, Yang
> Cc: Takashi Iwai; Dmitry Torokhov; Luis R. Rodriguez;
> joonas.lahtinen@linux.intel.com; Tom Gundersen; Ming Lei; Al Viro; Greg
> Kroah-Hartman; Kay Sievers; Linus Torvalds; David Woodhouse; Luis
> Rodriguez; lkml; yalin wang
> Subject: Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels
> that use initramfs.
> 
> On Wed, 2015-08-26 at 07:17 +0100, Jie, Yang wrote:
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: Takashi Iwai [mailto:tiwai@suse.de]
> > > Sent: Wednesday, August 26, 2015 1:33 PM
> > > To: Jie, Yang
> > > Cc: Dmitry Torokhov; Luis R. Rodriguez; Girdwood, Liam R;
> > > joonas.lahtinen@linux.intel.com; Tom Gundersen; Ming Lei; Al Viro;
> > > Greg Kroah-Hartman; Kay Sievers; Linus Torvalds; David Woodhouse;
> > > Luis Rodriguez; lkml
> > > Subject: Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with
> > > kernels that use initramfs.
> > >
> > > It's possible -- and even with the normal request_firmware(), in
> > > theory.  The missing piece is that you need to inform the helper to retry
> the f/w loading.
> > > Currently the direct f/w loader assumes that the file is there and
> > > returns error if not present.
> > >
> > > If we implement a retry, another question is how to trigger it, i.e.
> > > how the helper can know when a fs is mounted a new file is present.
> >
> > Got it, thanks Takashi and all.
> >
> > So looks we should(and already done for most audio firmware) implement
> > it as Dmitry and Linus proposed, that is to make sure
> > request_firmware() calls are not in driver's probe() paths.
> >
> > Yalin help posted sample code for this implementation(to request
> > firmware in device node open) and actually I also did similar for
> > Broadwell ADSP driver and will send out later, thank you all.
> 
> Keyon, we have a similar situation to that of the FPGA example that Linus
> described when the DSP driver uses topology data. i.e. the audio driver will
> have no PCM devices that can be opened (to initiate the FW
> loading) until after the FW is loaded. The topology data is part of the FW and
> contains the PCMs, kcontrols, graphs etc. i.e. a PCM device is created for
> every PCM description found in the FW topology data.
> 
> I think the options are to either :-
> 
> 1) Don not support audio DSP drivers using topology data as built-in drivers.
> Audio is not really a critical system required for booting anyway.
> 
> 2) Create a default PCM for every driver that has topology data on the
> assumption that every sound card will at least 1 PCM. This PCM can then be
> re-configured when the FW is loaded.

Yep, this case is quite similar with what Linus described.
 
Is it possible that we can probe pcm device after firmware is loaded for this
case?

What I am thinking about is postponing all firmware related(e.g. pcm probing,
dma/dsp/ipc initialization, ...) code to that rootfs is ready and FW is loaded.

~Keyon

> 
> Liam
> 

ÿôèº{.nÇ+‰·Ÿ®‰­†+%ŠËÿ±éݶ\x17¥Šwÿº{.nÇ+‰·¥Š{±þG«éÿŠ{ayº\x1dʇڙë,j\a­¢f£¢·hšïêÿ‘êçz_è®\x03(­éšŽŠÝ¢j"ú\x1a¶^[m§ÿÿ¾\a«þG«éÿ¢¸?™¨è­Ú&£ø§~á¶iO•æ¬z·švØ^\x14\x04\x1a¶^[m§ÿÿÃ\fÿ¶ìÿ¢¸?–I¥

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-26  8:29                   ` Jie, Yang
@ 2015-08-26  9:00                     ` Liam Girdwood
  2015-08-27  1:50                       ` Lin, Mengdong
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Liam Girdwood @ 2015-08-26  9:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jie, Yang
  Cc: Takashi Iwai, Dmitry Torokhov, Luis R. Rodriguez,
	joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Ming Lei, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, Linus Torvalds, David Woodhouse,
	Luis Rodriguez, lkml, yalin wang, Lin, Mengdong

On Wed, 2015-08-26 at 08:29 +0000, Jie, Yang wrote:
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Liam Girdwood [mailto:liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com]

> > I think the options are to either :-
> > 
> > 1) Don not support audio DSP drivers using topology data as built-in drivers.
> > Audio is not really a critical system required for booting anyway.
> > 
> > 2) Create a default PCM for every driver that has topology data on the
> > assumption that every sound card will at least 1 PCM. This PCM can then be
> > re-configured when the FW is loaded.
> 
> Yep, this case is quite similar with what Linus described.
>  
> Is it possible that we can probe pcm device after firmware is loaded for this
> case?
> 

The PCM devices are defined in the topology data so it is only possible
to create the PCM device *after* the firmware is loaded in these
drivers. 

Liam


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-26  8:06                 ` Liam Girdwood
  2015-08-26  8:29                   ` Jie, Yang
@ 2015-08-26 18:07                   ` Linus Torvalds
  2015-08-27  0:55                     ` Ming Lei
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Linus Torvalds @ 2015-08-26 18:07 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Liam Girdwood
  Cc: Jie, Yang, Takashi Iwai, Dmitry Torokhov, Luis R. Rodriguez,
	joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Ming Lei, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, Luis Rodriguez,
	lkml, yalin wang

On Wed, Aug 26, 2015 at 1:06 AM, Liam Girdwood
<liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com> wrote:
>
> I think the options are to either :-
>
> 1) Don not support audio DSP drivers using topology data as built-in
> drivers. Audio is not really a critical system required for booting
> anyway.

Yes, forcing it to be a module and not letting people compile it in by
mistake (and then not have it work) is an option.

That said, there are situations where people don't want to use
modules. I used to eschew them for security reasons, for example - now
I instead just do a one-time temporary key. But others may have other
reasons to try to avoid modules.

> 2) Create a default PCM for every driver that has topology data on the
> assumption that every sound card will at least 1 PCM. This PCM can then
> be re-configured when the FW is loaded.

That would seem to be the better option if it is reasonably implementable.

Of course, some kind of timer-based retry (limited *somehow*) of the
fw loading could work too, but smells really really hacky.

                  Linus

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-26 18:07                   ` Linus Torvalds
@ 2015-08-27  0:55                     ` Ming Lei
  2015-08-29  1:11                       ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Ming Lei @ 2015-08-27  0:55 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds
  Cc: Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang, Takashi Iwai, Dmitry Torokhov,
	Luis R. Rodriguez, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, Luis Rodriguez,
	lkml, yalin wang

On Thu, Aug 27, 2015 at 2:07 AM, Linus Torvalds
<torvalds@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
> On Wed, Aug 26, 2015 at 1:06 AM, Liam Girdwood
> <liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com> wrote:
>>
>> I think the options are to either :-
>>
>> 1) Don not support audio DSP drivers using topology data as built-in
>> drivers. Audio is not really a critical system required for booting
>> anyway.
>
> Yes, forcing it to be a module and not letting people compile it in by
> mistake (and then not have it work) is an option.
>
> That said, there are situations where people don't want to use
> modules. I used to eschew them for security reasons, for example - now
> I instead just do a one-time temporary key. But others may have other
> reasons to try to avoid modules.
>
>> 2) Create a default PCM for every driver that has topology data on the
>> assumption that every sound card will at least 1 PCM. This PCM can then
>> be re-configured when the FW is loaded.
>
> That would seem to be the better option if it is reasonably implementable.
>
> Of course, some kind of timer-based retry (limited *somehow*) of the
> fw loading could work too, but smells really really hacky.

Yeah, years ago, we discussed to use -EPROBE_DEFER for the situation,
which should be one kind of fix, but looks there were objections at that time.

thanks,

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* RE: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-26  9:00                     ` Liam Girdwood
@ 2015-08-27  1:50                       ` Lin, Mengdong
  2015-08-27  7:09                         ` Liam Girdwood
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Lin, Mengdong @ 2015-08-27  1:50 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang
  Cc: Takashi Iwai, Dmitry Torokhov, Luis R. Rodriguez,
	joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Ming Lei, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, Linus Torvalds, David Woodhouse,
	Luis Rodriguez, lkml, yalin wang

[-- Warning: decoded text below may be mangled --]
[-- Attachment #0: Type: text/plain; charset="utf-8", Size: 1942 bytes --]

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Liam Girdwood [mailto:liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com]
> Sent: Wednesday, August 26, 2015 5:01 PM
> To: Jie, Yang
> Cc: Takashi Iwai; Dmitry Torokhov; Luis R. Rodriguez;
> joonas.lahtinen@linux.intel.com; Tom Gundersen; Ming Lei; Al Viro; Greg
> Kroah-Hartman; Kay Sievers; Linus Torvalds; David Woodhouse; Luis Rodriguez;
> lkml; yalin wang; Lin, Mengdong
> Subject: Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that
> use initramfs.
> 
> On Wed, 2015-08-26 at 08:29 +0000, Jie, Yang wrote:
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: Liam Girdwood [mailto:liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com]
> 
> > > I think the options are to either :-
> > >
> > > 1) Don not support audio DSP drivers using topology data as built-in
> drivers.
> > > Audio is not really a critical system required for booting anyway.
> > >
> > > 2) Create a default PCM for every driver that has topology data on
> > > the assumption that every sound card will at least 1 PCM. This PCM
> > > can then be re-configured when the FW is loaded.
> >
> > Yep, this case is quite similar with what Linus described.
> >
> > Is it possible that we can probe pcm device after firmware is loaded
> > for this case?
> >
> 
> The PCM devices are defined in the topology data so it is only possible to
> create the PCM device *after* the firmware is loaded in these drivers.
> 
> Liam

It seems this can prevent audio device driver in built-in mode to use topology drivers.

If topology is present, the vendor driver also uses request_firmware() to load the topology data file in the probe phase. Then ASoC core will create the sound card and its PCM devices. 

Shall we force the device drivers that depends on topology to be configured as modules?

Thanks
Mengdong 

ÿôèº{.nÇ+‰·Ÿ®‰­†+%ŠËÿ±éݶ\x17¥Šwÿº{.nÇ+‰·¥Š{±þG«éÿŠ{ayº\x1dʇڙë,j\a­¢f£¢·hšïêÿ‘êçz_è®\x03(­éšŽŠÝ¢j"ú\x1a¶^[m§ÿÿ¾\a«þG«éÿ¢¸?™¨è­Ú&£ø§~á¶iO•æ¬z·švØ^\x14\x04\x1a¶^[m§ÿÿÃ\fÿ¶ìÿ¢¸?–I¥

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-27  1:50                       ` Lin, Mengdong
@ 2015-08-27  7:09                         ` Liam Girdwood
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 40+ messages in thread
From: Liam Girdwood @ 2015-08-27  7:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Lin, Mengdong
  Cc: Jie, Yang, Takashi Iwai, Dmitry Torokhov, Luis R. Rodriguez,
	joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Ming Lei, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, Linus Torvalds, David Woodhouse,
	Luis Rodriguez, lkml, yalin wang

On Thu, 2015-08-27 at 01:50 +0000, Lin, Mengdong wrote:
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Liam Girdwood [mailto:liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com]
> > Sent: Wednesday, August 26, 2015 5:01 PM
> > To: Jie, Yang
> > Cc: Takashi Iwai; Dmitry Torokhov; Luis R. Rodriguez;
> > joonas.lahtinen@linux.intel.com; Tom Gundersen; Ming Lei; Al Viro; Greg
> > Kroah-Hartman; Kay Sievers; Linus Torvalds; David Woodhouse; Luis Rodriguez;
> > lkml; yalin wang; Lin, Mengdong
> > Subject: Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that
> > use initramfs.
> > 
> > On Wed, 2015-08-26 at 08:29 +0000, Jie, Yang wrote:
> > > > -----Original Message-----
> > > > From: Liam Girdwood [mailto:liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com]
> > 
> > > > I think the options are to either :-
> > > >
> > > > 1) Don not support audio DSP drivers using topology data as built-in
> > drivers.
> > > > Audio is not really a critical system required for booting anyway.
> > > >
> > > > 2) Create a default PCM for every driver that has topology data on
> > > > the assumption that every sound card will at least 1 PCM. This PCM
> > > > can then be re-configured when the FW is loaded.
> > >
> > > Yep, this case is quite similar with what Linus described.
> > >
> > > Is it possible that we can probe pcm device after firmware is loaded
> > > for this case?
> > >
> > 
> > The PCM devices are defined in the topology data so it is only possible to
> > create the PCM device *after* the firmware is loaded in these drivers.
> > 
> > Liam
> 
> It seems this can prevent audio device driver in built-in mode to use topology drivers.
> 
> If topology is present, the vendor driver also uses request_firmware() to load the topology data file in the probe phase. Then ASoC core will create the sound card and its PCM devices. 
> 
> Shall we force the device drivers that depends on topology to be configured as modules?

Yes, this is probably the best/quickest solution for the short term
until we can implement and test option 2.

Liam


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-27  0:55                     ` Ming Lei
@ 2015-08-29  1:11                       ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  2015-08-29  4:09                         ` Ming Lei
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Luis R. Rodriguez @ 2015-08-29  1:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ming Lei
  Cc: Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang, Takashi Iwai,
	Dmitry Torokhov, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, Luis Rodriguez,
	lkml, yalin wang

On Thu, Aug 27, 2015 at 08:55:13AM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
> On Thu, Aug 27, 2015 at 2:07 AM, Linus Torvalds
> <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
> > On Wed, Aug 26, 2015 at 1:06 AM, Liam Girdwood
> > <liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com> wrote:
> >>
> >> I think the options are to either :-
> >>
> >> 1) Don not support audio DSP drivers using topology data as built-in
> >> drivers. Audio is not really a critical system required for booting
> >> anyway.
> >
> > Yes, forcing it to be a module and not letting people compile it in by
> > mistake (and then not have it work) is an option.
> >
> > That said, there are situations where people don't want to use
> > modules. I used to eschew them for security reasons, for example - now
> > I instead just do a one-time temporary key. But others may have other
> > reasons to try to avoid modules.
> >
> >> 2) Create a default PCM for every driver that has topology data on the
> >> assumption that every sound card will at least 1 PCM. This PCM can then
> >> be re-configured when the FW is loaded.
> >
> > That would seem to be the better option if it is reasonably implementable.
> >
> > Of course, some kind of timer-based retry (limited *somehow*) of the
> > fw loading could work too, but smells really really hacky.
> 
> Yeah, years ago, we discussed to use -EPROBE_DEFER for the situation,
> which should be one kind of fix, but looks there were objections at that time.

That would still be a hack. I'll note there is also asynchronous probe support
now but to use that would also be a hack for this issue. We don't want to
encourage folks to go down that road.  They'd be hacks for this issue as you
are simply delaying the driver probe for a later time and there is no guarantee
that any pivot_root() might have already been completed later to ensure your
driver's fw file is present. So it may work or it may not.

We should instead strive to be clear about expectations and requirements both
through documentation and when possible through APIs. I'll send out an RFC
which adds some grammar rules which can help us police this. I currently only
spot two drivers that require fixing.

  Luis

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-29  1:11                       ` Luis R. Rodriguez
@ 2015-08-29  4:09                         ` Ming Lei
  2015-08-29  7:11                           ` Takashi Iwai
  2015-09-02  0:39                           ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 40+ messages in thread
From: Ming Lei @ 2015-08-29  4:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Luis R. Rodriguez
  Cc: Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang, Takashi Iwai,
	Dmitry Torokhov, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, Luis Rodriguez,
	lkml, yalin wang

On Sat, Aug 29, 2015 at 9:11 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com> wrote:
> On Thu, Aug 27, 2015 at 08:55:13AM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
>> On Thu, Aug 27, 2015 at 2:07 AM, Linus Torvalds
>> <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
>> > On Wed, Aug 26, 2015 at 1:06 AM, Liam Girdwood
>> > <liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com> wrote:
>> >>
>> >> I think the options are to either :-
>> >>
>> >> 1) Don not support audio DSP drivers using topology data as built-in
>> >> drivers. Audio is not really a critical system required for booting
>> >> anyway.
>> >
>> > Yes, forcing it to be a module and not letting people compile it in by
>> > mistake (and then not have it work) is an option.
>> >
>> > That said, there are situations where people don't want to use
>> > modules. I used to eschew them for security reasons, for example - now
>> > I instead just do a one-time temporary key. But others may have other
>> > reasons to try to avoid modules.
>> >
>> >> 2) Create a default PCM for every driver that has topology data on the
>> >> assumption that every sound card will at least 1 PCM. This PCM can then
>> >> be re-configured when the FW is loaded.
>> >
>> > That would seem to be the better option if it is reasonably implementable.
>> >
>> > Of course, some kind of timer-based retry (limited *somehow*) of the
>> > fw loading could work too, but smells really really hacky.
>>
>> Yeah, years ago, we discussed to use -EPROBE_DEFER for the situation,
>> which should be one kind of fix, but looks there were objections at that time.
>
> That would still be a hack. I'll note there is also asynchronous probe support
> now but to use that would also be a hack for this issue. We don't want to

If we think firmware as one kind of resources like regulators, gpio and others,
PROBE_DEFER is one good match for firmware loading case, and
it has been used by lots of drivers, so why can't it be used for
firmware loading?

One problem is that we need to convert drivers into returning -EPROBE_DEFER
in case of request failure, and that may involve some work, but which
should be mechanical.

> encourage folks to go down that road.  They'd be hacks for this issue as you
> are simply delaying the driver probe for a later time and there is no guarantee
> that any pivot_root() might have already been completed later to ensure your
> driver's fw file is present. So it may work or it may not.

We can trigger defer probe explicitly once root fs is setup or other condition
is met.

>
> We should instead strive to be clear about expectations and requirements both
> through documentation and when possible through APIs. I'll send out an RFC
> which adds some grammar rules which can help us police this. I currently only
> spot two drivers that require fixing.
>
>   Luis

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-29  4:09                         ` Ming Lei
@ 2015-08-29  7:11                           ` Takashi Iwai
  2015-08-29  8:50                             ` Arend van Spriel
  2015-09-02  0:39                           ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Takashi Iwai @ 2015-08-29  7:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ming Lei
  Cc: Luis R. Rodriguez, Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang,
	Dmitry Torokhov, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, Luis Rodriguez,
	lkml, yalin wang

On Sat, 29 Aug 2015 06:09:01 +0200,
Ming Lei wrote:
> 
> On Sat, Aug 29, 2015 at 9:11 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com> wrote:
> > On Thu, Aug 27, 2015 at 08:55:13AM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
> >> On Thu, Aug 27, 2015 at 2:07 AM, Linus Torvalds
> >> <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
> >> > On Wed, Aug 26, 2015 at 1:06 AM, Liam Girdwood
> >> > <liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com> wrote:
> >> >>
> >> >> I think the options are to either :-
> >> >>
> >> >> 1) Don not support audio DSP drivers using topology data as built-in
> >> >> drivers. Audio is not really a critical system required for booting
> >> >> anyway.
> >> >
> >> > Yes, forcing it to be a module and not letting people compile it in by
> >> > mistake (and then not have it work) is an option.
> >> >
> >> > That said, there are situations where people don't want to use
> >> > modules. I used to eschew them for security reasons, for example - now
> >> > I instead just do a one-time temporary key. But others may have other
> >> > reasons to try to avoid modules.
> >> >
> >> >> 2) Create a default PCM for every driver that has topology data on the
> >> >> assumption that every sound card will at least 1 PCM. This PCM can then
> >> >> be re-configured when the FW is loaded.
> >> >
> >> > That would seem to be the better option if it is reasonably implementable.
> >> >
> >> > Of course, some kind of timer-based retry (limited *somehow*) of the
> >> > fw loading could work too, but smells really really hacky.
> >>
> >> Yeah, years ago, we discussed to use -EPROBE_DEFER for the situation,
> >> which should be one kind of fix, but looks there were objections at that time.
> >
> > That would still be a hack. I'll note there is also asynchronous probe support
> > now but to use that would also be a hack for this issue. We don't want to
> 
> If we think firmware as one kind of resources like regulators, gpio and others,
> PROBE_DEFER is one good match for firmware loading case, and
> it has been used by lots of drivers, so why can't it be used for
> firmware loading?
> 
> One problem is that we need to convert drivers into returning -EPROBE_DEFER
> in case of request failure, and that may involve some work, but which
> should be mechanical.

I find such a delaying mechanism not so bad, too.  It's very
straightforward, at least, no big pain in the transition in the driver
side.

> > encourage folks to go down that road.  They'd be hacks for this issue as you
> > are simply delaying the driver probe for a later time and there is no guarantee
> > that any pivot_root() might have already been completed later to ensure your
> > driver's fw file is present. So it may work or it may not.
> 
> We can trigger defer probe explicitly once root fs is setup or other condition
> is met.

Right, how to trigger the reprobe (and relevant optimization) needs to
be considered on top of the current mechanism.


Takashi

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-29  7:11                           ` Takashi Iwai
@ 2015-08-29  8:50                             ` Arend van Spriel
  2015-08-29 10:38                               ` Ming Lei
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Arend van Spriel @ 2015-08-29  8:50 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Takashi Iwai, Ming Lei
  Cc: Luis R. Rodriguez, Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang,
	Dmitry Torokhov, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, Luis Rodriguez,
	lkml, yalin wang

On 08/29/2015 09:11 AM, Takashi Iwai wrote:
> On Sat, 29 Aug 2015 06:09:01 +0200,
> Ming Lei wrote:
>>
>> On Sat, Aug 29, 2015 at 9:11 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com> wrote:
>>> On Thu, Aug 27, 2015 at 08:55:13AM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
>>>> On Thu, Aug 27, 2015 at 2:07 AM, Linus Torvalds
>>>> <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
>>>>> On Wed, Aug 26, 2015 at 1:06 AM, Liam Girdwood
>>>>> <liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com> wrote:
>>>>>>
>>>>>> I think the options are to either :-
>>>>>>
>>>>>> 1) Don not support audio DSP drivers using topology data as built-in
>>>>>> drivers. Audio is not really a critical system required for booting
>>>>>> anyway.
>>>>>
>>>>> Yes, forcing it to be a module and not letting people compile it in by
>>>>> mistake (and then not have it work) is an option.
>>>>>
>>>>> That said, there are situations where people don't want to use
>>>>> modules. I used to eschew them for security reasons, for example - now
>>>>> I instead just do a one-time temporary key. But others may have other
>>>>> reasons to try to avoid modules.
>>>>>
>>>>>> 2) Create a default PCM for every driver that has topology data on the
>>>>>> assumption that every sound card will at least 1 PCM. This PCM can then
>>>>>> be re-configured when the FW is loaded.
>>>>>
>>>>> That would seem to be the better option if it is reasonably implementable.
>>>>>
>>>>> Of course, some kind of timer-based retry (limited *somehow*) of the
>>>>> fw loading could work too, but smells really really hacky.
>>>>
>>>> Yeah, years ago, we discussed to use -EPROBE_DEFER for the situation,
>>>> which should be one kind of fix, but looks there were objections at that time.
>>>
>>> That would still be a hack. I'll note there is also asynchronous probe support
>>> now but to use that would also be a hack for this issue. We don't want to
>>
>> If we think firmware as one kind of resources like regulators, gpio and others,
>> PROBE_DEFER is one good match for firmware loading case, and
>> it has been used by lots of drivers, so why can't it be used for
>> firmware loading?
>>
>> One problem is that we need to convert drivers into returning -EPROBE_DEFER
>> in case of request failure, and that may involve some work, but which
>> should be mechanical.
>
> I find such a delaying mechanism not so bad, too.  It's very
> straightforward, at least, no big pain in the transition in the driver
> side.

Not sure how this is going to work with request_firmware_nowait(). We 
use that in our drivers to get rid of ~60 sec. delay in probe and 
consequently boot time when built-in. So basically we return 0 on probe 
lacking better knowledge. Guess we can always move back to 
request_firmware calls when defer_probe support is available.

Regards,
Arend

>>> encourage folks to go down that road.  They'd be hacks for this issue as you
>>> are simply delaying the driver probe for a later time and there is no guarantee
>>> that any pivot_root() might have already been completed later to ensure your
>>> driver's fw file is present. So it may work or it may not.
>>
>> We can trigger defer probe explicitly once root fs is setup or other condition
>> is met.
>
> Right, how to trigger the reprobe (and relevant optimization) needs to
> be considered on top of the current mechanism.
>
>
> Takashi
> --
> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
> the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
> Please read the FAQ at  http://www.tux.org/lkml/
>


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-29  8:50                             ` Arend van Spriel
@ 2015-08-29 10:38                               ` Ming Lei
  2015-08-30  8:25                                 ` Arend van Spriel
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Ming Lei @ 2015-08-29 10:38 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Arend van Spriel
  Cc: Takashi Iwai, Luis R. Rodriguez, Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood,
	Jie, Yang, Dmitry Torokhov, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen,
	Al Viro, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse,
	Luis Rodriguez, lkml, yalin wang, tom.leiming

On Sat, 29 Aug 2015 10:50:22 +0200
Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:

> On 08/29/2015 09:11 AM, Takashi Iwai wrote:
> > On Sat, 29 Aug 2015 06:09:01 +0200,
> > Ming Lei wrote:
> >>
> >> On Sat, Aug 29, 2015 at 9:11 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com> wrote:
> >>> On Thu, Aug 27, 2015 at 08:55:13AM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
> >>>> On Thu, Aug 27, 2015 at 2:07 AM, Linus Torvalds
> >>>> <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
> >>>>> On Wed, Aug 26, 2015 at 1:06 AM, Liam Girdwood
> >>>>> <liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com> wrote:
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> I think the options are to either :-
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> 1) Don not support audio DSP drivers using topology data as built-in
> >>>>>> drivers. Audio is not really a critical system required for booting
> >>>>>> anyway.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Yes, forcing it to be a module and not letting people compile it in by
> >>>>> mistake (and then not have it work) is an option.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> That said, there are situations where people don't want to use
> >>>>> modules. I used to eschew them for security reasons, for example - now
> >>>>> I instead just do a one-time temporary key. But others may have other
> >>>>> reasons to try to avoid modules.
> >>>>>
> >>>>>> 2) Create a default PCM for every driver that has topology data on the
> >>>>>> assumption that every sound card will at least 1 PCM. This PCM can then
> >>>>>> be re-configured when the FW is loaded.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> That would seem to be the better option if it is reasonably implementable.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Of course, some kind of timer-based retry (limited *somehow*) of the
> >>>>> fw loading could work too, but smells really really hacky.
> >>>>
> >>>> Yeah, years ago, we discussed to use -EPROBE_DEFER for the situation,
> >>>> which should be one kind of fix, but looks there were objections at that time.
> >>>
> >>> That would still be a hack. I'll note there is also asynchronous probe support
> >>> now but to use that would also be a hack for this issue. We don't want to
> >>
> >> If we think firmware as one kind of resources like regulators, gpio and others,
> >> PROBE_DEFER is one good match for firmware loading case, and
> >> it has been used by lots of drivers, so why can't it be used for
> >> firmware loading?
> >>
> >> One problem is that we need to convert drivers into returning -EPROBE_DEFER
> >> in case of request failure, and that may involve some work, but which
> >> should be mechanical.
> >
> > I find such a delaying mechanism not so bad, too.  It's very
> > straightforward, at least, no big pain in the transition in the driver
> > side.
> 
> Not sure how this is going to work with request_firmware_nowait(). We 
> use that in our drivers to get rid of ~60 sec. delay in probe and 
> consequently boot time when built-in. So basically we return 0 on probe 
> lacking better knowledge. Guess we can always move back to 
> request_firmware calls when defer_probe support is available.

How about the following untested draft patch?

diff --git a/drivers/base/dd.c b/drivers/base/dd.c
index be0eb46..f66912f 100644
--- a/drivers/base/dd.c
+++ b/drivers/base/dd.c
@@ -171,6 +171,12 @@ static void driver_deferred_probe_trigger(void)
 	queue_work(deferred_wq, &deferred_probe_work);
 }
 
+void driver_trigger_fw_load()
+{
+	driver_deferred_probe_trigger();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(driver_trigger_fw_load);
+
 /**
  * deferred_probe_initcall() - Enable probing of deferred devices
  *
diff --git a/drivers/base/firmware_class.c b/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
index 8524450..f879a07 100644
--- a/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
+++ b/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
@@ -1132,6 +1132,11 @@ _request_firmware(const struct firmware **firmware_p, const char *name,
 	if (ret <= 0) /* error or already assigned */
 		goto out;
 
+	if (system_state == SYSTEM_BOOTING) {
+		ret = -EPROBE_DEFER;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
 	ret = 0;
 	timeout = firmware_loading_timeout();
 	if (opt_flags & FW_OPT_NOWAIT) {
@@ -1311,6 +1316,9 @@ request_firmware_nowait(
 {
 	struct firmware_work *fw_work;
 
+	if (system_state == SYSTEM_BOOTING)
+		return -EPROBE_DEFER;
+
 	fw_work = kzalloc(sizeof(struct firmware_work), gfp);
 	if (!fw_work)
 		return -ENOMEM;
diff --git a/include/linux/device.h b/include/linux/device.h
index 5d7bc63..1c189fe 100644
--- a/include/linux/device.h
+++ b/include/linux/device.h
@@ -289,6 +289,7 @@ extern struct device_driver *driver_find(const char *name,
 					 struct bus_type *bus);
 extern int driver_probe_done(void);
 extern void wait_for_device_probe(void);
+extern void driver_trigger_fw_load(void);
 
 
 /* sysfs interface for exporting driver attributes */
diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
index 9e64d70..be8411b 100644
--- a/init/main.c
+++ b/init/main.c
@@ -943,6 +943,9 @@ static int __ref kernel_init(void *unused)
 
 	flush_delayed_fput();
 
+	/* trigger probe for request_firmware and its no_wait pair */
+	driver_trigger_fw_load();
+
 	if (ramdisk_execute_command) {
 		ret = run_init_process(ramdisk_execute_command);
 		if (!ret)



Thanks,

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-29 10:38                               ` Ming Lei
@ 2015-08-30  8:25                                 ` Arend van Spriel
  2015-08-30 18:11                                   ` Linus Torvalds
  2015-08-31 14:21                                   ` Ming Lei
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 40+ messages in thread
From: Arend van Spriel @ 2015-08-30  8:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ming Lei
  Cc: Takashi Iwai, Luis R. Rodriguez, Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood,
	Jie, Yang, Dmitry Torokhov, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen,
	Al Viro, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse,
	Luis Rodriguez, lkml, yalin wang, tom.leiming

On 08/29/2015 12:38 PM, Ming Lei wrote:
> On Sat, 29 Aug 2015 10:50:22 +0200
> Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
>
>> On 08/29/2015 09:11 AM, Takashi Iwai wrote:
>>> On Sat, 29 Aug 2015 06:09:01 +0200,
>>> Ming Lei wrote:
>>>>
>>>> On Sat, Aug 29, 2015 at 9:11 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com> wrote:
>>>>> On Thu, Aug 27, 2015 at 08:55:13AM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
>>>>>> On Thu, Aug 27, 2015 at 2:07 AM, Linus Torvalds
>>>>>> <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
>>>>>>> On Wed, Aug 26, 2015 at 1:06 AM, Liam Girdwood
>>>>>>> <liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> I think the options are to either :-
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> 1) Don not support audio DSP drivers using topology data as built-in
>>>>>>>> drivers. Audio is not really a critical system required for booting
>>>>>>>> anyway.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Yes, forcing it to be a module and not letting people compile it in by
>>>>>>> mistake (and then not have it work) is an option.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> That said, there are situations where people don't want to use
>>>>>>> modules. I used to eschew them for security reasons, for example - now
>>>>>>> I instead just do a one-time temporary key. But others may have other
>>>>>>> reasons to try to avoid modules.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> 2) Create a default PCM for every driver that has topology data on the
>>>>>>>> assumption that every sound card will at least 1 PCM. This PCM can then
>>>>>>>> be re-configured when the FW is loaded.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> That would seem to be the better option if it is reasonably implementable.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Of course, some kind of timer-based retry (limited *somehow*) of the
>>>>>>> fw loading could work too, but smells really really hacky.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Yeah, years ago, we discussed to use -EPROBE_DEFER for the situation,
>>>>>> which should be one kind of fix, but looks there were objections at that time.
>>>>>
>>>>> That would still be a hack. I'll note there is also asynchronous probe support
>>>>> now but to use that would also be a hack for this issue. We don't want to
>>>>
>>>> If we think firmware as one kind of resources like regulators, gpio and others,
>>>> PROBE_DEFER is one good match for firmware loading case, and
>>>> it has been used by lots of drivers, so why can't it be used for
>>>> firmware loading?
>>>>
>>>> One problem is that we need to convert drivers into returning -EPROBE_DEFER
>>>> in case of request failure, and that may involve some work, but which
>>>> should be mechanical.
>>>
>>> I find such a delaying mechanism not so bad, too.  It's very
>>> straightforward, at least, no big pain in the transition in the driver
>>> side.
>>
>> Not sure how this is going to work with request_firmware_nowait(). We
>> use that in our drivers to get rid of ~60 sec. delay in probe and
>> consequently boot time when built-in. So basically we return 0 on probe
>> lacking better knowledge. Guess we can always move back to
>> request_firmware calls when defer_probe support is available.
>
> How about the following untested draft patch?
>
> diff --git a/drivers/base/dd.c b/drivers/base/dd.c
> index be0eb46..f66912f 100644
> --- a/drivers/base/dd.c
> +++ b/drivers/base/dd.c
> @@ -171,6 +171,12 @@ static void driver_deferred_probe_trigger(void)
>   	queue_work(deferred_wq, &deferred_probe_work);
>   }
>
> +void driver_trigger_fw_load()
> +{
> +	driver_deferred_probe_trigger();
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(driver_trigger_fw_load);
> +
>   /**
>    * deferred_probe_initcall() - Enable probing of deferred devices
>    *
> diff --git a/drivers/base/firmware_class.c b/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
> index 8524450..f879a07 100644
> --- a/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
> +++ b/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
> @@ -1132,6 +1132,11 @@ _request_firmware(const struct firmware **firmware_p, const char *name,
>   	if (ret <= 0) /* error or already assigned */
>   		goto out;
>
> +	if (system_state == SYSTEM_BOOTING) {
> +		ret = -EPROBE_DEFER;
> +		goto out;
> +	}
> +
>   	ret = 0;
>   	timeout = firmware_loading_timeout();
>   	if (opt_flags & FW_OPT_NOWAIT) {
> @@ -1311,6 +1316,9 @@ request_firmware_nowait(
>   {
>   	struct firmware_work *fw_work;
>
> +	if (system_state == SYSTEM_BOOTING)
> +		return -EPROBE_DEFER;
> +

Does this mean a built-in driver can not get firmware from initramfs or 
built in the kernel early. Seems a bit too aggressive. The problem 
stated in this thread is when the firmware is not on initramfs but only 
on the rootfs.

Regards,
Arend

>   	fw_work = kzalloc(sizeof(struct firmware_work), gfp);
>   	if (!fw_work)
>   		return -ENOMEM;
> diff --git a/include/linux/device.h b/include/linux/device.h
> index 5d7bc63..1c189fe 100644
> --- a/include/linux/device.h
> +++ b/include/linux/device.h
> @@ -289,6 +289,7 @@ extern struct device_driver *driver_find(const char *name,
>   					 struct bus_type *bus);
>   extern int driver_probe_done(void);
>   extern void wait_for_device_probe(void);
> +extern void driver_trigger_fw_load(void);
>
>
>   /* sysfs interface for exporting driver attributes */
> diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
> index 9e64d70..be8411b 100644
> --- a/init/main.c
> +++ b/init/main.c
> @@ -943,6 +943,9 @@ static int __ref kernel_init(void *unused)
>
>   	flush_delayed_fput();
>
> +	/* trigger probe for request_firmware and its no_wait pair */
> +	driver_trigger_fw_load();
> +
>   	if (ramdisk_execute_command) {
>   		ret = run_init_process(ramdisk_execute_command);
>   		if (!ret)
>
>
>
> Thanks,
>


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-30  8:25                                 ` Arend van Spriel
@ 2015-08-30 18:11                                   ` Linus Torvalds
  2015-12-17 19:24                                     ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  2015-08-31 14:21                                   ` Ming Lei
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Linus Torvalds @ 2015-08-30 18:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Arend van Spriel
  Cc: Ming Lei, Takashi Iwai, Luis R. Rodriguez, Liam Girdwood, Jie,
	Yang, Dmitry Torokhov, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, Luis Rodriguez,
	lkml, yalin wang, Ming Lei

On Sun, Aug 30, 2015 at 1:25 AM, Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
> On 08/29/2015 12:38 PM, Ming Lei wrote:
>
> Does this mean a built-in driver can not get firmware from initramfs or
> built in the kernel early. Seems a bit too aggressive.

Yeah, that seems wrong. Loading firmware from initramfs is required
for some things, like disk drivers. Of course, depending on how it's
done, it's all after the SYSTEM_BOOTING phase, but ..

What we *might* do is to not allow it for the user-mode helper
fallback, but I think it's more likely that we'll just deprecate the
usermode helper fw loader entirely, so adding new error cases for it
seems pointless.

    Linus

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-30  8:25                                 ` Arend van Spriel
  2015-08-30 18:11                                   ` Linus Torvalds
@ 2015-08-31 14:21                                   ` Ming Lei
  2015-09-02  1:19                                     ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Ming Lei @ 2015-08-31 14:21 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Arend van Spriel
  Cc: Takashi Iwai, Luis R. Rodriguez, Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood,
	Jie, Yang, Dmitry Torokhov, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen,
	Al Viro, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse,
	Luis Rodriguez, lkml, yalin wang

On Sun, Aug 30, 2015 at 4:25 PM, Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
> On 08/29/2015 12:38 PM, Ming Lei wrote:
>>
>> On Sat, 29 Aug 2015 10:50:22 +0200
>> Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
>>
>>> On 08/29/2015 09:11 AM, Takashi Iwai wrote:
>>>>
>>>> On Sat, 29 Aug 2015 06:09:01 +0200,
>>>> Ming Lei wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> On Sat, Aug 29, 2015 at 9:11 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com>
>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>
>>>>>> On Thu, Aug 27, 2015 at 08:55:13AM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> On Thu, Aug 27, 2015 at 2:07 AM, Linus Torvalds
>>>>>>> <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On Wed, Aug 26, 2015 at 1:06 AM, Liam Girdwood
>>>>>>>> <liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> I think the options are to either :-
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> 1) Don not support audio DSP drivers using topology data as
>>>>>>>>> built-in
>>>>>>>>> drivers. Audio is not really a critical system required for booting
>>>>>>>>> anyway.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Yes, forcing it to be a module and not letting people compile it in
>>>>>>>> by
>>>>>>>> mistake (and then not have it work) is an option.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> That said, there are situations where people don't want to use
>>>>>>>> modules. I used to eschew them for security reasons, for example -
>>>>>>>> now
>>>>>>>> I instead just do a one-time temporary key. But others may have
>>>>>>>> other
>>>>>>>> reasons to try to avoid modules.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> 2) Create a default PCM for every driver that has topology data on
>>>>>>>>> the
>>>>>>>>> assumption that every sound card will at least 1 PCM. This PCM can
>>>>>>>>> then
>>>>>>>>> be re-configured when the FW is loaded.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> That would seem to be the better option if it is reasonably
>>>>>>>> implementable.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Of course, some kind of timer-based retry (limited *somehow*) of the
>>>>>>>> fw loading could work too, but smells really really hacky.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Yeah, years ago, we discussed to use -EPROBE_DEFER for the situation,
>>>>>>> which should be one kind of fix, but looks there were objections at
>>>>>>> that time.
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> That would still be a hack. I'll note there is also asynchronous probe
>>>>>> support
>>>>>> now but to use that would also be a hack for this issue. We don't want
>>>>>> to
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> If we think firmware as one kind of resources like regulators, gpio and
>>>>> others,
>>>>> PROBE_DEFER is one good match for firmware loading case, and
>>>>> it has been used by lots of drivers, so why can't it be used for
>>>>> firmware loading?
>>>>>
>>>>> One problem is that we need to convert drivers into returning
>>>>> -EPROBE_DEFER
>>>>> in case of request failure, and that may involve some work, but which
>>>>> should be mechanical.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> I find such a delaying mechanism not so bad, too.  It's very
>>>> straightforward, at least, no big pain in the transition in the driver
>>>> side.
>>>
>>>
>>> Not sure how this is going to work with request_firmware_nowait(). We
>>> use that in our drivers to get rid of ~60 sec. delay in probe and
>>> consequently boot time when built-in. So basically we return 0 on probe
>>> lacking better knowledge. Guess we can always move back to
>>> request_firmware calls when defer_probe support is available.
>>
>>
>> How about the following untested draft patch?
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/base/dd.c b/drivers/base/dd.c
>> index be0eb46..f66912f 100644
>> --- a/drivers/base/dd.c
>> +++ b/drivers/base/dd.c
>> @@ -171,6 +171,12 @@ static void driver_deferred_probe_trigger(void)
>>         queue_work(deferred_wq, &deferred_probe_work);
>>   }
>>
>> +void driver_trigger_fw_load()
>> +{
>> +       driver_deferred_probe_trigger();
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(driver_trigger_fw_load);
>> +
>>   /**
>>    * deferred_probe_initcall() - Enable probing of deferred devices
>>    *
>> diff --git a/drivers/base/firmware_class.c b/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
>> index 8524450..f879a07 100644
>> --- a/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
>> +++ b/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
>> @@ -1132,6 +1132,11 @@ _request_firmware(const struct firmware
>> **firmware_p, const char *name,
>>         if (ret <= 0) /* error or already assigned */
>>                 goto out;
>>
>> +       if (system_state == SYSTEM_BOOTING) {
>> +               ret = -EPROBE_DEFER;
>> +               goto out;
>> +       }
>> +
>>         ret = 0;
>>         timeout = firmware_loading_timeout();
>>         if (opt_flags & FW_OPT_NOWAIT) {
>> @@ -1311,6 +1316,9 @@ request_firmware_nowait(
>>   {
>>         struct firmware_work *fw_work;
>>
>> +       if (system_state == SYSTEM_BOOTING)
>> +               return -EPROBE_DEFER;
>> +
>
>
> Does this mean a built-in driver can not get firmware from initramfs or
> built in the kernel early. Seems a bit too aggressive. The problem stated in
> this thread is when the firmware is not on initramfs but only on the rootfs.

Yes, strictly speaking, user mode request can't be handled with defer probe
during booting because we don't know how the user helper handles the
request, that said even checking if the firmware exists in current path doesn't
make sense for user mode request.

So the patch should have used defer proble for direct load only
during booting.

>
> Regards,
> Arend
>
>
>>         fw_work = kzalloc(sizeof(struct firmware_work), gfp);
>>         if (!fw_work)
>>                 return -ENOMEM;
>> diff --git a/include/linux/device.h b/include/linux/device.h
>> index 5d7bc63..1c189fe 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/device.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/device.h
>> @@ -289,6 +289,7 @@ extern struct device_driver *driver_find(const char
>> *name,
>>                                          struct bus_type *bus);
>>   extern int driver_probe_done(void);
>>   extern void wait_for_device_probe(void);
>> +extern void driver_trigger_fw_load(void);
>>
>>
>>   /* sysfs interface for exporting driver attributes */
>> diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
>> index 9e64d70..be8411b 100644
>> --- a/init/main.c
>> +++ b/init/main.c
>> @@ -943,6 +943,9 @@ static int __ref kernel_init(void *unused)
>>
>>         flush_delayed_fput();
>>
>> +       /* trigger probe for request_firmware and its no_wait pair */
>> +       driver_trigger_fw_load();
>> +
>>         if (ramdisk_execute_command) {
>>                 ret = run_init_process(ramdisk_execute_command);
>>                 if (!ret)
>>
>>
>>
>> Thanks,
>>
>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-29  4:09                         ` Ming Lei
  2015-08-29  7:11                           ` Takashi Iwai
@ 2015-09-02  0:39                           ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 40+ messages in thread
From: Luis R. Rodriguez @ 2015-09-02  0:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ming Lei
  Cc: Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang, Takashi Iwai,
	Dmitry Torokhov, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, Luis Rodriguez,
	lkml, yalin wang

On Sat, Aug 29, 2015 at 12:09:01PM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
> On Sat, Aug 29, 2015 at 9:11 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com> wrote:
> > On Thu, Aug 27, 2015 at 08:55:13AM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
> >> On Thu, Aug 27, 2015 at 2:07 AM, Linus Torvalds
> >> <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
> >> > On Wed, Aug 26, 2015 at 1:06 AM, Liam Girdwood
> >> > <liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com> wrote:
> >> >>
> >> >> I think the options are to either :-
> >> >>
> >> >> 1) Don not support audio DSP drivers using topology data as built-in
> >> >> drivers. Audio is not really a critical system required for booting
> >> >> anyway.
> >> >
> >> > Yes, forcing it to be a module and not letting people compile it in by
> >> > mistake (and then not have it work) is an option.
> >> >
> >> > That said, there are situations where people don't want to use
> >> > modules. I used to eschew them for security reasons, for example - now
> >> > I instead just do a one-time temporary key. But others may have other
> >> > reasons to try to avoid modules.
> >> >
> >> >> 2) Create a default PCM for every driver that has topology data on the
> >> >> assumption that every sound card will at least 1 PCM. This PCM can then
> >> >> be re-configured when the FW is loaded.
> >> >
> >> > That would seem to be the better option if it is reasonably implementable.
> >> >
> >> > Of course, some kind of timer-based retry (limited *somehow*) of the
> >> > fw loading could work too, but smells really really hacky.
> >>
> >> Yeah, years ago, we discussed to use -EPROBE_DEFER for the situation,
> >> which should be one kind of fix, but looks there were objections at that time.
> >
> > That would still be a hack. I'll note there is also asynchronous probe support
> > now but to use that would also be a hack for this issue. We don't want to
> 
> If we think firmware as one kind of resources like regulators, gpio and others,
> PROBE_DEFER is one good match for firmware loading case, and
> it has been used by lots of drivers, so why can't it be used for
> firmware loading?

I'm glad you asked, it begs the question if we could have done something better
for these other components. In short its a matter of if we have an interface
that would let devices coming up ask: are my requirements available yet? Reason
we kick -EPROBE_DEFER is we can't answer this as we have no way to map some
of these requirements pricely so -EPROBE_DEFER is the best we can do at times.

It doesn't mean we shouldn't think harder, and for firmware I think we can and
should try harder to answer these questions.

I'm arguing that its a viable solution to use -EPROBE_DEFER but I don't think
its the best we can do but also I worry about the lack of semantics that would
be implied by user if they start doing this all over. In terms of semantics
I'd want at least some undestanding by the caller over certain guarantees of
what we are going to try to do for them by using -EPROBE_DEFER.

> One problem is that we need to convert drivers into returning -EPROBE_DEFER
> in case of request failure, and that may involve some work, but which
> should be mechanical.

And there may be cases where the fs might already be available, so it would
be pointless to retry if the error was true. To me that's a bit sloppy, and
part of the sloppiness comes from the lack of clear semantics. Its why we are
having this discussion. Its also not the first of its case and its why I'm kind
of trying to be a bit pedantic. I would prefer to avoid just a bandaid.

> > encourage folks to go down that road.  They'd be hacks for this issue as you
> > are simply delaying the driver probe for a later time and there is no guarantee
> > that any pivot_root() might have already been completed later to ensure your
> > driver's fw file is present. So it may work or it may not.
> 
> We can trigger defer probe explicitly once root fs is setup or other condition
> is met.

Now we're talking, that's the sort of line of solution I'd much prefer, but again
that's building on top of a use case that I think we should try to avoid. I think
the strategy is sound but not the way we're deferring probe. I think that's prone
to error and the solution lacks clarity.

  Luis

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-31 14:21                                   ` Ming Lei
@ 2015-09-02  1:19                                     ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  2015-09-02 12:09                                       ` Arend van Spriel
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Luis R. Rodriguez @ 2015-09-02  1:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ming Lei
  Cc: Arend van Spriel, Takashi Iwai, Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood,
	Jie, Yang, Dmitry Torokhov, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen,
	Al Viro, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse,
	Luis Rodriguez, lkml, yalin wang

On Mon, Aug 31, 2015 at 10:21:34PM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
> On Sun, Aug 30, 2015 at 4:25 PM, Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
> > Does this mean a built-in driver can not get firmware from initramfs or
> > built in the kernel early. Seems a bit too aggressive. The problem stated in
> > this thread is when the firmware is not on initramfs but only on the rootfs.
> 
> Yes, strictly speaking, user mode request can't be handled with defer probe
> during booting because we don't know how the user helper handles the
> request,

FWIW I have a strategy in mind to help us compartamentalize the user mode
helper only to the dell-rbu driver, and as such phase out that code eventually
completely. Its part of the goals I have with the extensible firmware API I've
been proposing.

> that said even checking if the firmware exists in current path doesn't
> make sense for user mode request.
> 
> So the patch should have used defer proble for direct load only
> during booting.

What exact guarantees would we be giving to callers if they follow up on probe
with -EDEFER_PROBE ? I'd much prefer to try to avoid such uses in init / probe
(note that unless you're using async probe since we batch both so it doesn't really
matter where you place your code) all together and then for the few remaining
stragglers understand the requirements and provide an interface that lets them
claim their requirements and try to meets them.

A grammatical hunt for drivers who call fw API on init / probe can be
completed, although I know the hunt needs a bit more fine tuning it surely can
be completed. If we don't have many callers the compexity added for only a
few callers with rather loose criteria seems rather unnecessary, specially if
we can change the drivers and make these driver sthe exception rather than
a norm.

Then as for drivers *needing* the fw at probe why not have a proper interface
that does guarantee they get the requirements they ask for first ? For instance
a new probe type specified by the driver could enable the core to wait for say
an event and then tirgger a probe, kind of how we ended up defining the async
probe type preference:

static struct some_bus_driver some_driver = {                                  
        .probe = some_probe,                                              
        .id_table = some_id,                                              
        .driver = {                                                             
                .name = DEVICE_NAME,                                            
                .pm = &some_pm_ops,                                       
                .probe_type = PROBE_PREFER_POST_FOO,
        },                                                                      
}; 

Then we just don't try just hoping for completion but rather can do something
about the criteria passed.

  Luis

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-09-02  1:19                                     ` Luis R. Rodriguez
@ 2015-09-02 12:09                                       ` Arend van Spriel
  2015-09-02 12:13                                         ` Arend van Spriel
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Arend van Spriel @ 2015-09-02 12:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Luis R. Rodriguez, Ming Lei
  Cc: Takashi Iwai, Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang,
	Dmitry Torokhov, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, Luis Rodriguez,
	lkml, yalin wang

On 09/02/2015 03:19 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 31, 2015 at 10:21:34PM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
>> On Sun, Aug 30, 2015 at 4:25 PM, Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
>>> Does this mean a built-in driver can not get firmware from initramfs or
>>> built in the kernel early. Seems a bit too aggressive. The problem stated in
>>> this thread is when the firmware is not on initramfs but only on the rootfs.
>>
>> Yes, strictly speaking, user mode request can't be handled with defer probe
>> during booting because we don't know how the user helper handles the
>> request,
>
> FWIW I have a strategy in mind to help us compartamentalize the user mode
> helper only to the dell-rbu driver, and as such phase out that code eventually
> completely. Its part of the goals I have with the extensible firmware API I've
> been proposing.
>
>> that said even checking if the firmware exists in current path doesn't
>> make sense for user mode request.
>>
>> So the patch should have used defer proble for direct load only
>> during booting.
>
> What exact guarantees would we be giving to callers if they follow up on probe
> with -EDEFER_PROBE ? I'd much prefer to try to avoid such uses in init / probe
> (note that unless you're using async probe since we batch both so it doesn't really
> matter where you place your code) all together and then for the few remaining
> stragglers understand the requirements and provide an interface that lets them
> claim their requirements and try to meets them.
>
> A grammatical hunt for drivers who call fw API on init / probe can be
> completed, although I know the hunt needs a bit more fine tuning it surely can
> be completed. If we don't have many callers the compexity added for only a
> few callers with rather loose criteria seems rather unnecessary, specially if
> we can change the drivers and make these driver sthe exception rather than
> a norm.
>
> Then as for drivers *needing* the fw at probe why not have a proper interface
> that does guarantee they get the requirements they ask for first ? For instance
> a new probe type specified by the driver could enable the core to wait for say
> an event and then tirgger a probe, kind of how we ended up defining the async
> probe type preference:
>
> static struct some_bus_driver some_driver = {
>          .probe = some_probe,
>          .id_table = some_id,
>          .driver = {
>                  .name = DEVICE_NAME,
>                  .pm = &some_pm_ops,
>                  .probe_type = PROBE_PREFER_POST_FOO,
>          },
> };
>
> Then we just don't try just hoping for completion but rather can do something
> about the criteria passed.

That sounds good to me and learning about the async probe type. We do a 
schedule work in our module_init to avoid the probe being done in init 
context. Guess we can change that using the async probe type :-p

Regards,
Arend

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-09-02 12:09                                       ` Arend van Spriel
@ 2015-09-02 12:13                                         ` Arend van Spriel
  2015-09-02 18:58                                           ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  2015-09-02 20:43                                           ` Dmitry Torokhov
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 40+ messages in thread
From: Arend van Spriel @ 2015-09-02 12:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Luis R. Rodriguez, Ming Lei
  Cc: Takashi Iwai, Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang,
	Dmitry Torokhov, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Al Viro,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, Luis Rodriguez,
	lkml, yalin wang

On 09/02/2015 02:09 PM, Arend van Spriel wrote:
> On 09/02/2015 03:19 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
>> On Mon, Aug 31, 2015 at 10:21:34PM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
>>> On Sun, Aug 30, 2015 at 4:25 PM, Arend van Spriel
>>> <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
>>>> Does this mean a built-in driver can not get firmware from initramfs or
>>>> built in the kernel early. Seems a bit too aggressive. The problem
>>>> stated in
>>>> this thread is when the firmware is not on initramfs but only on the
>>>> rootfs.
>>>
>>> Yes, strictly speaking, user mode request can't be handled with defer
>>> probe
>>> during booting because we don't know how the user helper handles the
>>> request,
>>
>> FWIW I have a strategy in mind to help us compartamentalize the user mode
>> helper only to the dell-rbu driver, and as such phase out that code
>> eventually
>> completely. Its part of the goals I have with the extensible firmware
>> API I've
>> been proposing.
>>
>>> that said even checking if the firmware exists in current path doesn't
>>> make sense for user mode request.
>>>
>>> So the patch should have used defer proble for direct load only
>>> during booting.
>>
>> What exact guarantees would we be giving to callers if they follow up
>> on probe
>> with -EDEFER_PROBE ? I'd much prefer to try to avoid such uses in init
>> / probe
>> (note that unless you're using async probe since we batch both so it
>> doesn't really
>> matter where you place your code) all together and then for the few
>> remaining
>> stragglers understand the requirements and provide an interface that
>> lets them
>> claim their requirements and try to meets them.
>>
>> A grammatical hunt for drivers who call fw API on init / probe can be
>> completed, although I know the hunt needs a bit more fine tuning it
>> surely can
>> be completed. If we don't have many callers the compexity added for
>> only a
>> few callers with rather loose criteria seems rather unnecessary,
>> specially if
>> we can change the drivers and make these driver sthe exception rather
>> than
>> a norm.
>>
>> Then as for drivers *needing* the fw at probe why not have a proper
>> interface
>> that does guarantee they get the requirements they ask for first ? For
>> instance
>> a new probe type specified by the driver could enable the core to wait
>> for say
>> an event and then tirgger a probe, kind of how we ended up defining
>> the async
>> probe type preference:
>>
>> static struct some_bus_driver some_driver = {
>>          .probe = some_probe,
>>          .id_table = some_id,
>>          .driver = {
>>                  .name = DEVICE_NAME,
>>                  .pm = &some_pm_ops,
>>                  .probe_type = PROBE_PREFER_POST_FOO,
>>          },
>> };
>>
>> Then we just don't try just hoping for completion but rather can do
>> something
>> about the criteria passed.

So should the probe type indicate some event or should it just indicate 
what the driver needs, ie. .probe_type = PROBE_TYPE_NEED_FW.

Regards,
Arend

> That sounds good to me and learning about the async probe type. We do a
> schedule work in our module_init to avoid the probe being done in init
> context. Guess we can change that using the async probe type :-p
>
> Regards,
> Arend
> --
> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
> the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
> Please read the FAQ at  http://www.tux.org/lkml/


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-09-02 12:13                                         ` Arend van Spriel
@ 2015-09-02 18:58                                           ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  2015-09-02 21:03                                             ` Arend van Spriel
  2015-09-02 20:43                                           ` Dmitry Torokhov
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Luis R. Rodriguez @ 2015-09-02 18:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Arend van Spriel, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: Ming Lei, Takashi Iwai, Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang,
	Dmitry Torokhov, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Al Viro,
	Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, Luis Rodriguez, lkml, yalin wang

On Wed, Sep 02, 2015 at 02:13:49PM +0200, Arend van Spriel wrote:
> On 09/02/2015 02:09 PM, Arend van Spriel wrote:
> >On 09/02/2015 03:19 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> >>On Mon, Aug 31, 2015 at 10:21:34PM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
> >>>On Sun, Aug 30, 2015 at 4:25 PM, Arend van Spriel
> >>><arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
> >>>>Does this mean a built-in driver can not get firmware from initramfs or
> >>>>built in the kernel early. Seems a bit too aggressive. The problem
> >>>>stated in
> >>>>this thread is when the firmware is not on initramfs but only on the
> >>>>rootfs.
> >>>
> >>>Yes, strictly speaking, user mode request can't be handled with defer
> >>>probe
> >>>during booting because we don't know how the user helper handles the
> >>>request,
> >>
> >>FWIW I have a strategy in mind to help us compartamentalize the user mode
> >>helper only to the dell-rbu driver, and as such phase out that code
> >>eventually
> >>completely. Its part of the goals I have with the extensible firmware
> >>API I've
> >>been proposing.
> >>
> >>>that said even checking if the firmware exists in current path doesn't
> >>>make sense for user mode request.
> >>>
> >>>So the patch should have used defer proble for direct load only
> >>>during booting.
> >>
> >>What exact guarantees would we be giving to callers if they follow up
> >>on probe
> >>with -EDEFER_PROBE ? I'd much prefer to try to avoid such uses in init
> >>/ probe
> >>(note that unless you're using async probe since we batch both so it
> >>doesn't really
> >>matter where you place your code) all together and then for the few
> >>remaining
> >>stragglers understand the requirements and provide an interface that
> >>lets them
> >>claim their requirements and try to meets them.
> >>
> >>A grammatical hunt for drivers who call fw API on init / probe can be
> >>completed, although I know the hunt needs a bit more fine tuning it
> >>surely can
> >>be completed. If we don't have many callers the compexity added for
> >>only a
> >>few callers with rather loose criteria seems rather unnecessary,
> >>specially if
> >>we can change the drivers and make these driver sthe exception rather
> >>than
> >>a norm.
> >>
> >>Then as for drivers *needing* the fw at probe why not have a proper
> >>interface
> >>that does guarantee they get the requirements they ask for first ? For
> >>instance
> >>a new probe type specified by the driver could enable the core to wait
> >>for say
> >>an event and then tirgger a probe, kind of how we ended up defining
> >>the async
> >>probe type preference:
> >>
> >>static struct some_bus_driver some_driver = {
> >>         .probe = some_probe,
> >>         .id_table = some_id,
> >>         .driver = {
> >>                 .name = DEVICE_NAME,
> >>                 .pm = &some_pm_ops,
> >>                 .probe_type = PROBE_PREFER_POST_FOO,
> >>         },
> >>};
> >>
> >>Then we just don't try just hoping for completion but rather can do
> >>something
> >>about the criteria passed.
> 
> So should the probe type indicate some event or should it just
> indicate what the driver needs, ie. .probe_type =
> PROBE_TYPE_NEED_FW.

Right so this is an open question. I suggested something like the above
since the deferred probe documentation on drivers/base/dd.c states:

 * Sometimes driver probe order matters, but the kernel doesn't always have     
 * dependency information 

I'm alluding that we consider *avoiding* -EPROBE_DEFER for areas of the
kernel where some work can be done to not only list the dependency
the information from the driver but also we know we can get it from
the kernel. In this case I do believe we could not only express the
requirement but also wait for it in the kernel. Before we do that
though I think it'd be good to do a grammar hunt to determine exactly
how popular all this fw on probe needed really is.

Greg, provided we find sufficient drivers that really do need firmware
on probe, any thoughts on this line of approach to address this?

  Luis

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-09-02 12:13                                         ` Arend van Spriel
  2015-09-02 18:58                                           ` Luis R. Rodriguez
@ 2015-09-02 20:43                                           ` Dmitry Torokhov
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 40+ messages in thread
From: Dmitry Torokhov @ 2015-09-02 20:43 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Arend van Spriel
  Cc: Luis R. Rodriguez, Ming Lei, Takashi Iwai, Linus Torvalds,
	Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen,
	Al Viro, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse,
	Luis Rodriguez, lkml, yalin wang

On Wed, Sep 2, 2015 at 5:13 AM, Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
> On 09/02/2015 02:09 PM, Arend van Spriel wrote:
>>
>> On 09/02/2015 03:19 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
>>>
>>> On Mon, Aug 31, 2015 at 10:21:34PM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
>>>>
>>>> On Sun, Aug 30, 2015 at 4:25 PM, Arend van Spriel
>>>> <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>> Does this mean a built-in driver can not get firmware from initramfs or
>>>>> built in the kernel early. Seems a bit too aggressive. The problem
>>>>> stated in
>>>>> this thread is when the firmware is not on initramfs but only on the
>>>>> rootfs.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Yes, strictly speaking, user mode request can't be handled with defer
>>>> probe
>>>> during booting because we don't know how the user helper handles the
>>>> request,
>>>
>>>
>>> FWIW I have a strategy in mind to help us compartamentalize the user mode
>>> helper only to the dell-rbu driver, and as such phase out that code
>>> eventually
>>> completely. Its part of the goals I have with the extensible firmware
>>> API I've
>>> been proposing.
>>>
>>>> that said even checking if the firmware exists in current path doesn't
>>>> make sense for user mode request.
>>>>
>>>> So the patch should have used defer proble for direct load only
>>>> during booting.
>>>
>>>
>>> What exact guarantees would we be giving to callers if they follow up
>>> on probe
>>> with -EDEFER_PROBE ? I'd much prefer to try to avoid such uses in init
>>> / probe
>>> (note that unless you're using async probe since we batch both so it
>>> doesn't really
>>> matter where you place your code) all together and then for the few
>>> remaining
>>> stragglers understand the requirements and provide an interface that
>>> lets them
>>> claim their requirements and try to meets them.
>>>
>>> A grammatical hunt for drivers who call fw API on init / probe can be
>>> completed, although I know the hunt needs a bit more fine tuning it
>>> surely can
>>> be completed. If we don't have many callers the compexity added for
>>> only a
>>> few callers with rather loose criteria seems rather unnecessary,
>>> specially if
>>> we can change the drivers and make these driver sthe exception rather
>>> than
>>> a norm.
>>>
>>> Then as for drivers *needing* the fw at probe why not have a proper
>>> interface
>>> that does guarantee they get the requirements they ask for first ? For
>>> instance
>>> a new probe type specified by the driver could enable the core to wait
>>> for say
>>> an event and then tirgger a probe, kind of how we ended up defining
>>> the async
>>> probe type preference:
>>>
>>> static struct some_bus_driver some_driver = {
>>>          .probe = some_probe,
>>>          .id_table = some_id,
>>>          .driver = {
>>>                  .name = DEVICE_NAME,
>>>                  .pm = &some_pm_ops,
>>>                  .probe_type = PROBE_PREFER_POST_FOO,
>>>          },
>>> };
>>>
>>> Then we just don't try just hoping for completion but rather can do
>>> something
>>> about the criteria passed.
>
>
> So should the probe type indicate some event or should it just indicate what
> the driver needs, ie. .probe_type = PROBE_TYPE_NEED_FW.

What will kernel do when it sees such an option? It does not know when
firmware will become available (if ever). We can only try and fail and
then userspace may try re-probing devices once firmware is available.
I guess the question is how to let userspace know what devices failed
to probe because of the lack of firmware.

Thanks.

-- 
Dmitry

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-09-02 18:58                                           ` Luis R. Rodriguez
@ 2015-09-02 21:03                                             ` Arend van Spriel
  2015-09-02 23:13                                               ` Dmitry Torokhov
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Arend van Spriel @ 2015-09-02 21:03 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Luis R. Rodriguez, Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: Ming Lei, Takashi Iwai, Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang,
	Dmitry Torokhov, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Al Viro,
	Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, Luis Rodriguez, lkml, yalin wang

On 09/02/2015 08:58 PM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 02, 2015 at 02:13:49PM +0200, Arend van Spriel wrote:
>> On 09/02/2015 02:09 PM, Arend van Spriel wrote:
>>> On 09/02/2015 03:19 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
>>>> On Mon, Aug 31, 2015 at 10:21:34PM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
>>>>> On Sun, Aug 30, 2015 at 4:25 PM, Arend van Spriel
>>>>> <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
>>>>>> Does this mean a built-in driver can not get firmware from initramfs or
>>>>>> built in the kernel early. Seems a bit too aggressive. The problem
>>>>>> stated in
>>>>>> this thread is when the firmware is not on initramfs but only on the
>>>>>> rootfs.
>>>>>
>>>>> Yes, strictly speaking, user mode request can't be handled with defer
>>>>> probe
>>>>> during booting because we don't know how the user helper handles the
>>>>> request,
>>>>
>>>> FWIW I have a strategy in mind to help us compartamentalize the user mode
>>>> helper only to the dell-rbu driver, and as such phase out that code
>>>> eventually
>>>> completely. Its part of the goals I have with the extensible firmware
>>>> API I've
>>>> been proposing.
>>>>
>>>>> that said even checking if the firmware exists in current path doesn't
>>>>> make sense for user mode request.
>>>>>
>>>>> So the patch should have used defer proble for direct load only
>>>>> during booting.
>>>>
>>>> What exact guarantees would we be giving to callers if they follow up
>>>> on probe
>>>> with -EDEFER_PROBE ? I'd much prefer to try to avoid such uses in init
>>>> / probe
>>>> (note that unless you're using async probe since we batch both so it
>>>> doesn't really
>>>> matter where you place your code) all together and then for the few
>>>> remaining
>>>> stragglers understand the requirements and provide an interface that
>>>> lets them
>>>> claim their requirements and try to meets them.
>>>>
>>>> A grammatical hunt for drivers who call fw API on init / probe can be
>>>> completed, although I know the hunt needs a bit more fine tuning it
>>>> surely can
>>>> be completed. If we don't have many callers the compexity added for
>>>> only a
>>>> few callers with rather loose criteria seems rather unnecessary,
>>>> specially if
>>>> we can change the drivers and make these driver sthe exception rather
>>>> than
>>>> a norm.
>>>>
>>>> Then as for drivers *needing* the fw at probe why not have a proper
>>>> interface
>>>> that does guarantee they get the requirements they ask for first ? For
>>>> instance
>>>> a new probe type specified by the driver could enable the core to wait
>>>> for say
>>>> an event and then tirgger a probe, kind of how we ended up defining
>>>> the async
>>>> probe type preference:
>>>>
>>>> static struct some_bus_driver some_driver = {
>>>>          .probe = some_probe,
>>>>          .id_table = some_id,
>>>>          .driver = {
>>>>                  .name = DEVICE_NAME,
>>>>                  .pm = &some_pm_ops,
>>>>                  .probe_type = PROBE_PREFER_POST_FOO,
>>>>          },
>>>> };
>>>>
>>>> Then we just don't try just hoping for completion but rather can do
>>>> something
>>>> about the criteria passed.
>>
>> So should the probe type indicate some event or should it just
>> indicate what the driver needs, ie. .probe_type =
>> PROBE_TYPE_NEED_FW.
>
> Right so this is an open question. I suggested something like the above
> since the deferred probe documentation on drivers/base/dd.c states:
>
>   * Sometimes driver probe order matters, but the kernel doesn't always have
>   * dependency information
>
> I'm alluding that we consider *avoiding* -EPROBE_DEFER for areas of the
> kernel where some work can be done to not only list the dependency
> the information from the driver but also we know we can get it from
> the kernel. In this case I do believe we could not only express the
> requirement but also wait for it in the kernel. Before we do that
> though I think it'd be good to do a grammar hunt to determine exactly
> how popular all this fw on probe needed really is.

Ok. So some background why we need it in brcm80211 drivers. So as a 
wireless network device driver the answer we got when asking for an 
event to load firware is upon IF_UP for a registered net device. Because 
we try to do things smart we query the firmware running on the device 
for capabilities before we can register the net device hence we request 
the firmware during probe. This may be specific to wireless drivers 
(Intel has same approach if not mistaken) but I suspect there may be more.

Regards,
Arend


> Greg, provided we find sufficient drivers that really do need firmware
> on probe, any thoughts on this line of approach to address this?
>
>    Luis
>


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-09-02 21:03                                             ` Arend van Spriel
@ 2015-09-02 23:13                                               ` Dmitry Torokhov
  2015-09-02 23:22                                                 ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Dmitry Torokhov @ 2015-09-02 23:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Arend van Spriel
  Cc: Luis R. Rodriguez, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Ming Lei, Takashi Iwai,
	Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang, joonas.lahtinen,
	Tom Gundersen, Al Viro, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse,
	Luis Rodriguez, lkml, yalin wang

On Wed, Sep 2, 2015 at 2:03 PM, Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
> On 09/02/2015 08:58 PM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
>>
>> On Wed, Sep 02, 2015 at 02:13:49PM +0200, Arend van Spriel wrote:
>>>
>>> On 09/02/2015 02:09 PM, Arend van Spriel wrote:
>>>>
>>>> On 09/02/2015 03:19 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>> On Mon, Aug 31, 2015 at 10:21:34PM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
>>>>>>
>>>>>> On Sun, Aug 30, 2015 at 4:25 PM, Arend van Spriel
>>>>>> <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Does this mean a built-in driver can not get firmware from initramfs
>>>>>>> or
>>>>>>> built in the kernel early. Seems a bit too aggressive. The problem
>>>>>>> stated in
>>>>>>> this thread is when the firmware is not on initramfs but only on the
>>>>>>> rootfs.
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Yes, strictly speaking, user mode request can't be handled with defer
>>>>>> probe
>>>>>> during booting because we don't know how the user helper handles the
>>>>>> request,
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> FWIW I have a strategy in mind to help us compartamentalize the user
>>>>> mode
>>>>> helper only to the dell-rbu driver, and as such phase out that code
>>>>> eventually
>>>>> completely. Its part of the goals I have with the extensible firmware
>>>>> API I've
>>>>> been proposing.
>>>>>
>>>>>> that said even checking if the firmware exists in current path doesn't
>>>>>> make sense for user mode request.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> So the patch should have used defer proble for direct load only
>>>>>> during booting.
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> What exact guarantees would we be giving to callers if they follow up
>>>>> on probe
>>>>> with -EDEFER_PROBE ? I'd much prefer to try to avoid such uses in init
>>>>> / probe
>>>>> (note that unless you're using async probe since we batch both so it
>>>>> doesn't really
>>>>> matter where you place your code) all together and then for the few
>>>>> remaining
>>>>> stragglers understand the requirements and provide an interface that
>>>>> lets them
>>>>> claim their requirements and try to meets them.
>>>>>
>>>>> A grammatical hunt for drivers who call fw API on init / probe can be
>>>>> completed, although I know the hunt needs a bit more fine tuning it
>>>>> surely can
>>>>> be completed. If we don't have many callers the compexity added for
>>>>> only a
>>>>> few callers with rather loose criteria seems rather unnecessary,
>>>>> specially if
>>>>> we can change the drivers and make these driver sthe exception rather
>>>>> than
>>>>> a norm.
>>>>>
>>>>> Then as for drivers *needing* the fw at probe why not have a proper
>>>>> interface
>>>>> that does guarantee they get the requirements they ask for first ? For
>>>>> instance
>>>>> a new probe type specified by the driver could enable the core to wait
>>>>> for say
>>>>> an event and then tirgger a probe, kind of how we ended up defining
>>>>> the async
>>>>> probe type preference:
>>>>>
>>>>> static struct some_bus_driver some_driver = {
>>>>>          .probe = some_probe,
>>>>>          .id_table = some_id,
>>>>>          .driver = {
>>>>>                  .name = DEVICE_NAME,
>>>>>                  .pm = &some_pm_ops,
>>>>>                  .probe_type = PROBE_PREFER_POST_FOO,
>>>>>          },
>>>>> };
>>>>>
>>>>> Then we just don't try just hoping for completion but rather can do
>>>>> something
>>>>> about the criteria passed.
>>>
>>>
>>> So should the probe type indicate some event or should it just
>>> indicate what the driver needs, ie. .probe_type =
>>> PROBE_TYPE_NEED_FW.
>>
>>
>> Right so this is an open question. I suggested something like the above
>> since the deferred probe documentation on drivers/base/dd.c states:
>>
>>   * Sometimes driver probe order matters, but the kernel doesn't always
>> have
>>   * dependency information
>>
>> I'm alluding that we consider *avoiding* -EPROBE_DEFER for areas of the
>> kernel where some work can be done to not only list the dependency
>> the information from the driver but also we know we can get it from
>> the kernel. In this case I do believe we could not only express the
>> requirement but also wait for it in the kernel. Before we do that
>> though I think it'd be good to do a grammar hunt to determine exactly
>> how popular all this fw on probe needed really is.
>
>
> Ok. So some background why we need it in brcm80211 drivers. So as a wireless
> network device driver the answer we got when asking for an event to load
> firware is upon IF_UP for a registered net device. Because we try to do
> things smart we query the firmware running on the device for capabilities
> before we can register the net device hence we request the firmware during
> probe. This may be specific to wireless drivers (Intel has same approach if
> not mistaken) but I suspect there may be more.

We have the same issue with input devices: before we can register one
we need to set their capabilities and to know their capabilities we
quite often need to load their firmware/config and query the device.

Thanks.

-- 
Dmitry

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-09-02 23:13                                               ` Dmitry Torokhov
@ 2015-09-02 23:22                                                 ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  2015-09-02 23:29                                                   ` Dmitry Torokhov
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Luis R. Rodriguez @ 2015-09-02 23:22 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dmitry Torokhov
  Cc: Arend van Spriel, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Ming Lei, Takashi Iwai,
	Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang, joonas.lahtinen,
	Tom Gundersen, Al Viro, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse,
	Luis Rodriguez, lkml, yalin wang

On Wed, Sep 02, 2015 at 04:13:51PM -0700, Dmitry Torokhov wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 2, 2015 at 2:03 PM, Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
> > On 09/02/2015 08:58 PM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> >>
> >> On Wed, Sep 02, 2015 at 02:13:49PM +0200, Arend van Spriel wrote:
> >>>
> >>> On 09/02/2015 02:09 PM, Arend van Spriel wrote:
> >>>>
> >>>> On 09/02/2015 03:19 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> >>>>>
> >>>>> On Mon, Aug 31, 2015 at 10:21:34PM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> On Sun, Aug 30, 2015 at 4:25 PM, Arend van Spriel
> >>>>>> <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> Does this mean a built-in driver can not get firmware from initramfs
> >>>>>>> or
> >>>>>>> built in the kernel early. Seems a bit too aggressive. The problem
> >>>>>>> stated in
> >>>>>>> this thread is when the firmware is not on initramfs but only on the
> >>>>>>> rootfs.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> Yes, strictly speaking, user mode request can't be handled with defer
> >>>>>> probe
> >>>>>> during booting because we don't know how the user helper handles the
> >>>>>> request,
> >>>>>
> >>>>>
> >>>>> FWIW I have a strategy in mind to help us compartamentalize the user
> >>>>> mode
> >>>>> helper only to the dell-rbu driver, and as such phase out that code
> >>>>> eventually
> >>>>> completely. Its part of the goals I have with the extensible firmware
> >>>>> API I've
> >>>>> been proposing.
> >>>>>
> >>>>>> that said even checking if the firmware exists in current path doesn't
> >>>>>> make sense for user mode request.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> So the patch should have used defer proble for direct load only
> >>>>>> during booting.
> >>>>>
> >>>>>
> >>>>> What exact guarantees would we be giving to callers if they follow up
> >>>>> on probe
> >>>>> with -EDEFER_PROBE ? I'd much prefer to try to avoid such uses in init
> >>>>> / probe
> >>>>> (note that unless you're using async probe since we batch both so it
> >>>>> doesn't really
> >>>>> matter where you place your code) all together and then for the few
> >>>>> remaining
> >>>>> stragglers understand the requirements and provide an interface that
> >>>>> lets them
> >>>>> claim their requirements and try to meets them.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> A grammatical hunt for drivers who call fw API on init / probe can be
> >>>>> completed, although I know the hunt needs a bit more fine tuning it
> >>>>> surely can
> >>>>> be completed. If we don't have many callers the compexity added for
> >>>>> only a
> >>>>> few callers with rather loose criteria seems rather unnecessary,
> >>>>> specially if
> >>>>> we can change the drivers and make these driver sthe exception rather
> >>>>> than
> >>>>> a norm.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Then as for drivers *needing* the fw at probe why not have a proper
> >>>>> interface
> >>>>> that does guarantee they get the requirements they ask for first ? For
> >>>>> instance
> >>>>> a new probe type specified by the driver could enable the core to wait
> >>>>> for say
> >>>>> an event and then tirgger a probe, kind of how we ended up defining
> >>>>> the async
> >>>>> probe type preference:
> >>>>>
> >>>>> static struct some_bus_driver some_driver = {
> >>>>>          .probe = some_probe,
> >>>>>          .id_table = some_id,
> >>>>>          .driver = {
> >>>>>                  .name = DEVICE_NAME,
> >>>>>                  .pm = &some_pm_ops,
> >>>>>                  .probe_type = PROBE_PREFER_POST_FOO,
> >>>>>          },
> >>>>> };
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Then we just don't try just hoping for completion but rather can do
> >>>>> something
> >>>>> about the criteria passed.
> >>>
> >>>
> >>> So should the probe type indicate some event or should it just
> >>> indicate what the driver needs, ie. .probe_type =
> >>> PROBE_TYPE_NEED_FW.
> >>
> >>
> >> Right so this is an open question. I suggested something like the above
> >> since the deferred probe documentation on drivers/base/dd.c states:
> >>
> >>   * Sometimes driver probe order matters, but the kernel doesn't always
> >> have
> >>   * dependency information
> >>
> >> I'm alluding that we consider *avoiding* -EPROBE_DEFER for areas of the
> >> kernel where some work can be done to not only list the dependency
> >> the information from the driver but also we know we can get it from
> >> the kernel. In this case I do believe we could not only express the
> >> requirement but also wait for it in the kernel. Before we do that
> >> though I think it'd be good to do a grammar hunt to determine exactly
> >> how popular all this fw on probe needed really is.
> >
> >
> > Ok. So some background why we need it in brcm80211 drivers. So as a wireless
> > network device driver the answer we got when asking for an event to load
> > firware is upon IF_UP for a registered net device. Because we try to do
> > things smart we query the firmware running on the device for capabilities
> > before we can register the net device hence we request the firmware during
> > probe. This may be specific to wireless drivers (Intel has same approach if
> > not mistaken) but I suspect there may be more.
> 
> We have the same issue with input devices: before we can register one
> we need to set their capabilities and to know their capabilities we
> quite often need to load their firmware/config and query the device.

Should Arend's driver use async probe then?

IMHO its just as hacky as using -EPROBE_DEFER too, but its at least
preemptively hacky. Sadly I can't think of clear and clever way for the kernel
to know when firmware will be ready either...  Would userspace know? Should the
kernel learn this from userspace ?

For instance, if init is going to use initramfs it can pivot_root() and later
send us a smoke signal when done, and it it doesn't it can also send us a smoke
signal. In the absence of such a hint being implemented I suppose -EPROBE_DEFER,
async probe or a notifier on pivot_root() is best effort we can do, but again
*eh*.

  Luis

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-09-02 23:22                                                 ` Luis R. Rodriguez
@ 2015-09-02 23:29                                                   ` Dmitry Torokhov
  2015-09-02 23:46                                                     ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Dmitry Torokhov @ 2015-09-02 23:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Luis R. Rodriguez
  Cc: Arend van Spriel, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Ming Lei, Takashi Iwai,
	Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang, joonas.lahtinen,
	Tom Gundersen, Al Viro, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse,
	Luis Rodriguez, lkml, yalin wang

On Wed, Sep 2, 2015 at 4:22 PM, Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com> wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 02, 2015 at 04:13:51PM -0700, Dmitry Torokhov wrote:
>> On Wed, Sep 2, 2015 at 2:03 PM, Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
>> > On 09/02/2015 08:58 PM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
>> >>
>> >> On Wed, Sep 02, 2015 at 02:13:49PM +0200, Arend van Spriel wrote:
>> >>>
>> >>> On 09/02/2015 02:09 PM, Arend van Spriel wrote:
>> >>>>
>> >>>> On 09/02/2015 03:19 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
>> >>>>>
>> >>>>> On Mon, Aug 31, 2015 at 10:21:34PM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
>> >>>>>>
>> >>>>>> On Sun, Aug 30, 2015 at 4:25 PM, Arend van Spriel
>> >>>>>> <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
>> >>>>>>>
>> >>>>>>> Does this mean a built-in driver can not get firmware from initramfs
>> >>>>>>> or
>> >>>>>>> built in the kernel early. Seems a bit too aggressive. The problem
>> >>>>>>> stated in
>> >>>>>>> this thread is when the firmware is not on initramfs but only on the
>> >>>>>>> rootfs.
>> >>>>>>
>> >>>>>>
>> >>>>>> Yes, strictly speaking, user mode request can't be handled with defer
>> >>>>>> probe
>> >>>>>> during booting because we don't know how the user helper handles the
>> >>>>>> request,
>> >>>>>
>> >>>>>
>> >>>>> FWIW I have a strategy in mind to help us compartamentalize the user
>> >>>>> mode
>> >>>>> helper only to the dell-rbu driver, and as such phase out that code
>> >>>>> eventually
>> >>>>> completely. Its part of the goals I have with the extensible firmware
>> >>>>> API I've
>> >>>>> been proposing.
>> >>>>>
>> >>>>>> that said even checking if the firmware exists in current path doesn't
>> >>>>>> make sense for user mode request.
>> >>>>>>
>> >>>>>> So the patch should have used defer proble for direct load only
>> >>>>>> during booting.
>> >>>>>
>> >>>>>
>> >>>>> What exact guarantees would we be giving to callers if they follow up
>> >>>>> on probe
>> >>>>> with -EDEFER_PROBE ? I'd much prefer to try to avoid such uses in init
>> >>>>> / probe
>> >>>>> (note that unless you're using async probe since we batch both so it
>> >>>>> doesn't really
>> >>>>> matter where you place your code) all together and then for the few
>> >>>>> remaining
>> >>>>> stragglers understand the requirements and provide an interface that
>> >>>>> lets them
>> >>>>> claim their requirements and try to meets them.
>> >>>>>
>> >>>>> A grammatical hunt for drivers who call fw API on init / probe can be
>> >>>>> completed, although I know the hunt needs a bit more fine tuning it
>> >>>>> surely can
>> >>>>> be completed. If we don't have many callers the compexity added for
>> >>>>> only a
>> >>>>> few callers with rather loose criteria seems rather unnecessary,
>> >>>>> specially if
>> >>>>> we can change the drivers and make these driver sthe exception rather
>> >>>>> than
>> >>>>> a norm.
>> >>>>>
>> >>>>> Then as for drivers *needing* the fw at probe why not have a proper
>> >>>>> interface
>> >>>>> that does guarantee they get the requirements they ask for first ? For
>> >>>>> instance
>> >>>>> a new probe type specified by the driver could enable the core to wait
>> >>>>> for say
>> >>>>> an event and then tirgger a probe, kind of how we ended up defining
>> >>>>> the async
>> >>>>> probe type preference:
>> >>>>>
>> >>>>> static struct some_bus_driver some_driver = {
>> >>>>>          .probe = some_probe,
>> >>>>>          .id_table = some_id,
>> >>>>>          .driver = {
>> >>>>>                  .name = DEVICE_NAME,
>> >>>>>                  .pm = &some_pm_ops,
>> >>>>>                  .probe_type = PROBE_PREFER_POST_FOO,
>> >>>>>          },
>> >>>>> };
>> >>>>>
>> >>>>> Then we just don't try just hoping for completion but rather can do
>> >>>>> something
>> >>>>> about the criteria passed.
>> >>>
>> >>>
>> >>> So should the probe type indicate some event or should it just
>> >>> indicate what the driver needs, ie. .probe_type =
>> >>> PROBE_TYPE_NEED_FW.
>> >>
>> >>
>> >> Right so this is an open question. I suggested something like the above
>> >> since the deferred probe documentation on drivers/base/dd.c states:
>> >>
>> >>   * Sometimes driver probe order matters, but the kernel doesn't always
>> >> have
>> >>   * dependency information
>> >>
>> >> I'm alluding that we consider *avoiding* -EPROBE_DEFER for areas of the
>> >> kernel where some work can be done to not only list the dependency
>> >> the information from the driver but also we know we can get it from
>> >> the kernel. In this case I do believe we could not only express the
>> >> requirement but also wait for it in the kernel. Before we do that
>> >> though I think it'd be good to do a grammar hunt to determine exactly
>> >> how popular all this fw on probe needed really is.
>> >
>> >
>> > Ok. So some background why we need it in brcm80211 drivers. So as a wireless
>> > network device driver the answer we got when asking for an event to load
>> > firware is upon IF_UP for a registered net device. Because we try to do
>> > things smart we query the firmware running on the device for capabilities
>> > before we can register the net device hence we request the firmware during
>> > probe. This may be specific to wireless drivers (Intel has same approach if
>> > not mistaken) but I suspect there may be more.
>>
>> We have the same issue with input devices: before we can register one
>> we need to set their capabilities and to know their capabilities we
>> quite often need to load their firmware/config and query the device.
>
> Should Arend's driver use async probe then?

What has async probe have to do with anything? We will still be
waiting for async probes to finish before we mount rootfs so it will
not change absolutely anything.

>
> IMHO its just as hacky as using -EPROBE_DEFER too, but its at least
> preemptively hacky. Sadly I can't think of clear and clever way for the kernel
> to know when firmware will be ready either...  Would userspace know? Should the
> kernel learn this from userspace ?

Yes. Given only userspace knows when firmware is available (I could
have it on a separate device and mount it at some time). So maybe
userpsace should simply try and scan busses for unbound devices and
tell them to re-probe when it decides that firmware is finally
available.

Thanks.

-- 
Dmitry

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-09-02 23:29                                                   ` Dmitry Torokhov
@ 2015-09-02 23:46                                                     ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  2015-09-03 17:23                                                       ` Arend van Spriel
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Luis R. Rodriguez @ 2015-09-02 23:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dmitry Torokhov
  Cc: Arend van Spriel, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Ming Lei, Takashi Iwai,
	Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang, joonas.lahtinen,
	Al Viro, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, lkml, yalin wang,
	Tom Gundersen

On Wed, Sep 2, 2015 at 4:29 PM, Dmitry Torokhov
<dmitry.torokhov@gmail.com> wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 2, 2015 at 4:22 PM, Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com> wrote:
>> On Wed, Sep 02, 2015 at 04:13:51PM -0700, Dmitry Torokhov wrote:
>>> On Wed, Sep 2, 2015 at 2:03 PM, Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
>>> > Ok. So some background why we need it in brcm80211 drivers. So as a wireless
>>> > network device driver the answer we got when asking for an event to load
>>> > firware is upon IF_UP for a registered net device. Because we try to do
>>> > things smart we query the firmware running on the device for capabilities
>>> > before we can register the net device hence we request the firmware during
>>> > probe. This may be specific to wireless drivers (Intel has same approach if
>>> > not mistaken) but I suspect there may be more.
>>>
>>> We have the same issue with input devices: before we can register one
>>> we need to set their capabilities and to know their capabilities we
>>> quite often need to load their firmware/config and query the device.
>>
>> Should Arend's driver use async probe then?
>
> What has async probe have to do with anything? We will still be
> waiting for async probes to finish before we mount rootfs so it will
> not change absolutely anything.

:) Right, its what I was alluding to as well.

>> IMHO its just as hacky as using -EPROBE_DEFER too, but its at least
>> preemptively hacky. Sadly I can't think of clear and clever way for the kernel
>> to know when firmware will be ready either...  Would userspace know? Should the
>> kernel learn this from userspace ?
>
> Yes. Given only userspace knows when firmware is available (I could
> have it on a separate device and mount it at some time). So maybe
> userpsace should simply try and scan busses for unbound devices and
> tell them to re-probe when it decides that firmware is finally
> available.

OK, the folks wanting this mechanism can implement it then. Short of
that we only have hacks.

 Luis

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-09-02 23:46                                                     ` Luis R. Rodriguez
@ 2015-09-03 17:23                                                       ` Arend van Spriel
  2015-09-03 17:33                                                         ` Dmitry Torokhov
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Arend van Spriel @ 2015-09-03 17:23 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Luis R. Rodriguez, Dmitry Torokhov
  Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman, Ming Lei, Takashi Iwai, Linus Torvalds,
	Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang, joonas.lahtinen, Al Viro, Kay Sievers,
	David Woodhouse, lkml, yalin wang, Tom Gundersen

On 09/03/2015 01:46 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 2, 2015 at 4:29 PM, Dmitry Torokhov
> <dmitry.torokhov@gmail.com> wrote:
>> On Wed, Sep 2, 2015 at 4:22 PM, Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com> wrote:
>>> On Wed, Sep 02, 2015 at 04:13:51PM -0700, Dmitry Torokhov wrote:
>>>> On Wed, Sep 2, 2015 at 2:03 PM, Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
>>>>> Ok. So some background why we need it in brcm80211 drivers. So as a wireless
>>>>> network device driver the answer we got when asking for an event to load
>>>>> firware is upon IF_UP for a registered net device. Because we try to do
>>>>> things smart we query the firmware running on the device for capabilities
>>>>> before we can register the net device hence we request the firmware during
>>>>> probe. This may be specific to wireless drivers (Intel has same approach if
>>>>> not mistaken) but I suspect there may be more.
>>>>
>>>> We have the same issue with input devices: before we can register one
>>>> we need to set their capabilities and to know their capabilities we
>>>> quite often need to load their firmware/config and query the device.
>>>
>>> Should Arend's driver use async probe then?
>>
>> What has async probe have to do with anything? We will still be
>> waiting for async probes to finish before we mount rootfs so it will
>> not change absolutely anything.
>
> :) Right, its what I was alluding to as well.

Indeed. However, upon module_init we schedule a worker in which the 
driver are registered. We do that to make sure the probe is not done 
within module_init context. That could now be done with async probe. 
This is not the problem discussed here so let's not spend more time on this.

>>> IMHO its just as hacky as using -EPROBE_DEFER too, but its at least
>>> preemptively hacky. Sadly I can't think of clear and clever way for the kernel
>>> to know when firmware will be ready either...  Would userspace know? Should the
>>> kernel learn this from userspace ?
>>
>> Yes. Given only userspace knows when firmware is available (I could
>> have it on a separate device and mount it at some time). So maybe
>> userpsace should simply try and scan busses for unbound devices and
>> tell them to re-probe when it decides that firmware is finally
>> available.
>
> OK, the folks wanting this mechanism can implement it then. Short of
> that we only have hacks.

So what does "userspace knows when firmware is available" mean here. The 
specific firmware file the driver wants or the collection of firmware 
files which may or may not have the specific firmware file the driver 
wants. I assume the latter and re-probe will fail as expected.

Regards,
Arend

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-09-03 17:23                                                       ` Arend van Spriel
@ 2015-09-03 17:33                                                         ` Dmitry Torokhov
  2015-10-16 19:35                                                           ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 40+ messages in thread
From: Dmitry Torokhov @ 2015-09-03 17:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Arend van Spriel
  Cc: Luis R. Rodriguez, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Ming Lei, Takashi Iwai,
	Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang, joonas.lahtinen,
	Al Viro, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, lkml, yalin wang,
	Tom Gundersen

On Thu, Sep 3, 2015 at 10:23 AM, Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
> On 09/03/2015 01:46 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
>>
>> On Wed, Sep 2, 2015 at 4:29 PM, Dmitry Torokhov
>> <dmitry.torokhov@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>
>>> On Wed, Sep 2, 2015 at 4:22 PM, Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com>
>>> wrote:
>>>> IMHO its just as hacky as using -EPROBE_DEFER too, but its at least
>>>> preemptively hacky. Sadly I can't think of clear and clever way for the
>>>> kernel
>>>> to know when firmware will be ready either...  Would userspace know?
>>>> Should the
>>>> kernel learn this from userspace ?
>>>
>>>
>>> Yes. Given only userspace knows when firmware is available (I could
>>> have it on a separate device and mount it at some time). So maybe
>>> userpsace should simply try and scan busses for unbound devices and
>>> tell them to re-probe when it decides that firmware is finally
>>> available.
>>
>>
>> OK, the folks wanting this mechanism can implement it then. Short of
>> that we only have hacks.
>
>
> So what does "userspace knows when firmware is available" mean here. The
> specific firmware file the driver wants or the collection of firmware files
> which may or may not have the specific firmware file the driver wants. I
> assume the latter and re-probe will fail as expected.

Right, the latter.

-- 
Dmitry

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-09-03 17:33                                                         ` Dmitry Torokhov
@ 2015-10-16 19:35                                                           ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  2015-10-16 21:05                                                             ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  2015-10-17  8:31                                                             ` Arend van Spriel
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 40+ messages in thread
From: Luis R. Rodriguez @ 2015-10-16 19:35 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dmitry Torokhov
  Cc: Arend van Spriel, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Ming Lei, Takashi Iwai,
	Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang, joonas.lahtinen,
	Al Viro, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, lkml, yalin wang,
	Tom Gundersen, Johannes Berg, Julia Lawall

On Thu, Sep 03, 2015 at 10:33:51AM -0700, Dmitry Torokhov wrote:
> On Thu, Sep 3, 2015 at 10:23 AM, Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
> > On 09/03/2015 01:46 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> >>
> >> On Wed, Sep 2, 2015 at 4:29 PM, Dmitry Torokhov
> >> <dmitry.torokhov@gmail.com> wrote:
> >>>
> >>> On Wed, Sep 2, 2015 at 4:22 PM, Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com>
> >>> wrote:
> >>>> IMHO its just as hacky as using -EPROBE_DEFER too, but its at least
> >>>> preemptively hacky. Sadly I can't think of clear and clever way for the
> >>>> kernel
> >>>> to know when firmware will be ready either...  Would userspace know?
> >>>> Should the
> >>>> kernel learn this from userspace ?
> >>>
> >>>
> >>> Yes. Given only userspace knows when firmware is available (I could
> >>> have it on a separate device and mount it at some time). So maybe
> >>> userpsace should simply try and scan busses for unbound devices and
> >>> tell them to re-probe when it decides that firmware is finally
> >>> available.
> >>
> >>
> >> OK, the folks wanting this mechanism can implement it then. Short of
> >> that we only have hacks.
> >
> >
> > So what does "userspace knows when firmware is available" mean here. The
> > specific firmware file the driver wants or the collection of firmware files
> > which may or may not have the specific firmware file the driver wants. I
> > assume the latter and re-probe will fail as expected.
> 
> Right, the latter.

Arend, curious are you working on this? Me and Julia did some hunting and
have found quite a bit of users that could use this. I'll provide results
in another thread but figured I'd follow up to see if anyone is working
to address this. Otherwise we just have hacks for now.

 Luis

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-10-16 19:35                                                           ` Luis R. Rodriguez
@ 2015-10-16 21:05                                                             ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  2015-10-17  8:31                                                             ` Arend van Spriel
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 40+ messages in thread
From: Luis R. Rodriguez @ 2015-10-16 21:05 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dmitry Torokhov, David Howells
  Cc: Arend van Spriel, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Ming Lei, Takashi Iwai,
	Linus Torvalds, Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang, joonas.lahtinen,
	Al Viro, Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, lkml, yalin wang,
	Tom Gundersen, Johannes Berg, Julia Lawall

On Fri, Oct 16, 2015 at 09:35:12PM +0200, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> Arend, curious are you working on this? Me and Julia did some hunting and
> have found quite a bit of users that could use this. I'll provide results
> in another thread but figured I'd follow up to see if anyone is working
> to address this. Otherwise we just have hacks for now.

A lot of things are going on with firmware_class enhancements so lets
jot things down here:

http://kernelnewbies.org/KernelProjects/firmware-class-enhancements

  Luis

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-10-16 19:35                                                           ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  2015-10-16 21:05                                                             ` Luis R. Rodriguez
@ 2015-10-17  8:31                                                             ` Arend van Spriel
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 40+ messages in thread
From: Arend van Spriel @ 2015-10-17  8:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Luis R. Rodriguez, Dmitry Torokhov
  Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman, Ming Lei, Takashi Iwai, Linus Torvalds,
	Liam Girdwood, Jie, Yang, joonas.lahtinen, Al Viro, Kay Sievers,
	David Woodhouse, lkml, yalin wang, Tom Gundersen, Johannes Berg,
	Julia Lawall

On 10/16/2015 09:35 PM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> On Thu, Sep 03, 2015 at 10:33:51AM -0700, Dmitry Torokhov wrote:
>> On Thu, Sep 3, 2015 at 10:23 AM, Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
>>> On 09/03/2015 01:46 AM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
>>>>
>>>> On Wed, Sep 2, 2015 at 4:29 PM, Dmitry Torokhov
>>>> <dmitry.torokhov@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>> On Wed, Sep 2, 2015 at 4:22 PM, Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com>
>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>> IMHO its just as hacky as using -EPROBE_DEFER too, but its at least
>>>>>> preemptively hacky. Sadly I can't think of clear and clever way for the
>>>>>> kernel
>>>>>> to know when firmware will be ready either...  Would userspace know?
>>>>>> Should the
>>>>>> kernel learn this from userspace ?
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> Yes. Given only userspace knows when firmware is available (I could
>>>>> have it on a separate device and mount it at some time). So maybe
>>>>> userpsace should simply try and scan busses for unbound devices and
>>>>> tell them to re-probe when it decides that firmware is finally
>>>>> available.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> OK, the folks wanting this mechanism can implement it then. Short of
>>>> that we only have hacks.
>>>
>>>
>>> So what does "userspace knows when firmware is available" mean here. The
>>> specific firmware file the driver wants or the collection of firmware files
>>> which may or may not have the specific firmware file the driver wants. I
>>> assume the latter and re-probe will fail as expected.
>>
>> Right, the latter.
>
> Arend, curious are you working on this? Me and Julia did some hunting and
> have found quite a bit of users that could use this. I'll provide results
> in another thread but figured I'd follow up to see if anyone is working
> to address this. Otherwise we just have hacks for now.

Not doing much else than diaper changes these days. Seems to me based on 
the above that from kernel perspective we can not do much when firmware 
mounts are controlled by user-space.

Regards,
Arend


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

* Re: Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs.
  2015-08-30 18:11                                   ` Linus Torvalds
@ 2015-12-17 19:24                                     ` Luis R. Rodriguez
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 40+ messages in thread
From: Luis R. Rodriguez @ 2015-12-17 19:24 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Daniel Vetter, Josh Boyer
  Cc: Arend van Spriel, Ming Lei, Takashi Iwai, Liam Girdwood, Jie,
	Yang, Dmitry Torokhov, joonas.lahtinen, Tom Gundersen, Al Viro,
	Kay Sievers, David Woodhouse, lkml, yalin wang, Ming Lei,
	linux-wireless, linux-security-module

On Sun, Aug 30, 2015 at 11:11 AM, Linus Torvalds
<torvalds@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
> On Sun, Aug 30, 2015 at 1:25 AM, Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com> wrote:
>> On 08/29/2015 12:38 PM, Ming Lei wrote:
>>
>> Does this mean a built-in driver can not get firmware from initramfs or
>> built in the kernel early. Seems a bit too aggressive.
>
> Yeah, that seems wrong. Loading firmware from initramfs is required
> for some things, like disk drivers. Of course, depending on how it's
> done, it's all after the SYSTEM_BOOTING phase, but ..
>
> What we *might* do is to not allow it for the user-mode helper
> fallback,

FWIW, that's what we did, request_firmware_direct() now skips the
silly usermode helper. I'll note that Greg pointed out to me that
Daniel (was this right?) might have some use cases for the usermode
helper in the future on graphics though. Daniel is that right? Can you
clarify the use case, I'd just like to document this and keep it in
mind for future design changes on firmware_class. Also, it occurs to
me that if you have a need for it, perhaps others might and if we can
avoid *others* from coming up with their own solution that'd be best,
specifically as this is related to file loading -- more on this later
generalized possible use cases in another thread I'll Cc you folks on.

> but I think it's more likely that we'll just deprecate the
> usermode helper fw loader entirely, so adding new error cases for it
> seems pointless.

I was shooting hard to deprecate the usermodehelper, Greg has noted
that we can only phase it out though, so that is what I will be
shooting for: a sysdata API, what will have firmware signing support
later will *not* make use of the usermode helper. The old APIs will
still use it.

[0] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20151006090821.GB9030@kroah.com

 Luis

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 40+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 40+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
     [not found] <1440449403.2469.35.camel@loki>
     [not found] ` <1440489900.2419.4.camel@loki>
     [not found]   ` <rbhuamrc6ajy3l1qereb60l8.1440494220682@email.android.com>
2015-08-25 19:34     ` Problems loading firmware using built-in drivers with kernels that use initramfs Luis R. Rodriguez
2015-08-25 19:46       ` Takashi Iwai
2015-08-25 19:58         ` Dmitry Torokhov
2015-08-25 20:26           ` Linus Torvalds
2015-08-26  5:30             ` yalin wang
2015-08-26  5:12           ` Jie, Yang
2015-08-26  5:32             ` Takashi Iwai
2015-08-26  6:17               ` Jie, Yang
2015-08-26  8:06                 ` Liam Girdwood
2015-08-26  8:29                   ` Jie, Yang
2015-08-26  9:00                     ` Liam Girdwood
2015-08-27  1:50                       ` Lin, Mengdong
2015-08-27  7:09                         ` Liam Girdwood
2015-08-26 18:07                   ` Linus Torvalds
2015-08-27  0:55                     ` Ming Lei
2015-08-29  1:11                       ` Luis R. Rodriguez
2015-08-29  4:09                         ` Ming Lei
2015-08-29  7:11                           ` Takashi Iwai
2015-08-29  8:50                             ` Arend van Spriel
2015-08-29 10:38                               ` Ming Lei
2015-08-30  8:25                                 ` Arend van Spriel
2015-08-30 18:11                                   ` Linus Torvalds
2015-12-17 19:24                                     ` Luis R. Rodriguez
2015-08-31 14:21                                   ` Ming Lei
2015-09-02  1:19                                     ` Luis R. Rodriguez
2015-09-02 12:09                                       ` Arend van Spriel
2015-09-02 12:13                                         ` Arend van Spriel
2015-09-02 18:58                                           ` Luis R. Rodriguez
2015-09-02 21:03                                             ` Arend van Spriel
2015-09-02 23:13                                               ` Dmitry Torokhov
2015-09-02 23:22                                                 ` Luis R. Rodriguez
2015-09-02 23:29                                                   ` Dmitry Torokhov
2015-09-02 23:46                                                     ` Luis R. Rodriguez
2015-09-03 17:23                                                       ` Arend van Spriel
2015-09-03 17:33                                                         ` Dmitry Torokhov
2015-10-16 19:35                                                           ` Luis R. Rodriguez
2015-10-16 21:05                                                             ` Luis R. Rodriguez
2015-10-17  8:31                                                             ` Arend van Spriel
2015-09-02 20:43                                           ` Dmitry Torokhov
2015-09-02  0:39                           ` Luis R. Rodriguez

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