linux-kernel.vger.kernel.org archive mirror
 help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: tip-bot for Quentin Perret <tipbot@zytor.com>
To: linux-tip-commits@vger.kernel.org
Cc: mingo@kernel.org, peterz@infradead.org, tglx@linutronix.de,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, efault@gmx.de,
	torvalds@linux-foundation.org, quentin.perret@arm.com,
	hpa@zytor.com
Subject: [tip:sched/core] sched/topology: Disable EAS on inappropriate platforms
Date: Tue, 11 Dec 2018 07:35:31 -0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <tip-b68a4c0dba3b1e1dda1ede49f3c2fc72d3b54567@git.kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20181203095628.11858-8-quentin.perret@arm.com>

Commit-ID:  b68a4c0dba3b1e1dda1ede49f3c2fc72d3b54567
Gitweb:     https://git.kernel.org/tip/b68a4c0dba3b1e1dda1ede49f3c2fc72d3b54567
Author:     Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@arm.com>
AuthorDate: Mon, 3 Dec 2018 09:56:20 +0000
Committer:  Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
CommitDate: Tue, 11 Dec 2018 15:17:00 +0100

sched/topology: Disable EAS on inappropriate platforms

Energy Aware Scheduling (EAS) in its current form is most relevant on
platforms with asymmetric CPU topologies (e.g. Arm big.LITTLE) since
this is where there is a lot of potential for saving energy through
scheduling. This is particularly true since the Energy Model only
includes the active power costs of CPUs, hence not providing enough data
to compare packing-vs-spreading strategies.

As such, disable EAS on root domains where the SD_ASYM_CPUCAPACITY flag
is not set. While at it, disable EAS on systems where the complexity of
the Energy Model is too high since that could lead to unacceptable
scheduling overhead.

All in all, EAS can be used on a root domain if and only if:
  1. an Energy Model is available;
  2. the root domain has an asymmetric CPU capacity topology;
  3. the complexity of the root domain's EM is low enough to keep
     scheduling overheads low.

Signed-off-by: Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: adharmap@codeaurora.org
Cc: chris.redpath@arm.com
Cc: currojerez@riseup.net
Cc: dietmar.eggemann@arm.com
Cc: edubezval@gmail.com
Cc: gregkh@linuxfoundation.org
Cc: javi.merino@kernel.org
Cc: joel@joelfernandes.org
Cc: juri.lelli@redhat.com
Cc: morten.rasmussen@arm.com
Cc: patrick.bellasi@arm.com
Cc: pkondeti@codeaurora.org
Cc: rjw@rjwysocki.net
Cc: skannan@codeaurora.org
Cc: smuckle@google.com
Cc: srinivas.pandruvada@linux.intel.com
Cc: thara.gopinath@linaro.org
Cc: tkjos@google.com
Cc: valentin.schneider@arm.com
Cc: vincent.guittot@linaro.org
Cc: viresh.kumar@linaro.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181203095628.11858-8-quentin.perret@arm.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
 kernel/sched/topology.c | 49 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 48 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/topology.c b/kernel/sched/topology.c
index 137ccfed9a43..6ddb804b2dec 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/topology.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/topology.c
@@ -270,12 +270,45 @@ static void destroy_perf_domain_rcu(struct rcu_head *rp)
 	free_pd(pd);
 }
 
+/*
+ * EAS can be used on a root domain if it meets all the following conditions:
+ *    1. an Energy Model (EM) is available;
+ *    2. the SD_ASYM_CPUCAPACITY flag is set in the sched_domain hierarchy.
+ *    3. the EM complexity is low enough to keep scheduling overheads low;
+ *
+ * The complexity of the Energy Model is defined as:
+ *
+ *              C = nr_pd * (nr_cpus + nr_cs)
+ *
+ * with parameters defined as:
+ *  - nr_pd:    the number of performance domains
+ *  - nr_cpus:  the number of CPUs
+ *  - nr_cs:    the sum of the number of capacity states of all performance
+ *              domains (for example, on a system with 2 performance domains,
+ *              with 10 capacity states each, nr_cs = 2 * 10 = 20).
+ *
+ * It is generally not a good idea to use such a model in the wake-up path on
+ * very complex platforms because of the associated scheduling overheads. The
+ * arbitrary constraint below prevents that. It makes EAS usable up to 16 CPUs
+ * with per-CPU DVFS and less than 8 capacity states each, for example.
+ */
+#define EM_MAX_COMPLEXITY 2048
+
 static void build_perf_domains(const struct cpumask *cpu_map)
 {
+	int i, nr_pd = 0, nr_cs = 0, nr_cpus = cpumask_weight(cpu_map);
 	struct perf_domain *pd = NULL, *tmp;
 	int cpu = cpumask_first(cpu_map);
 	struct root_domain *rd = cpu_rq(cpu)->rd;
-	int i;
+
+	/* EAS is enabled for asymmetric CPU capacity topologies. */
+	if (!per_cpu(sd_asym_cpucapacity, cpu)) {
+		if (sched_debug()) {
+			pr_info("rd %*pbl: CPUs do not have asymmetric capacities\n",
+					cpumask_pr_args(cpu_map));
+		}
+		goto free;
+	}
 
 	for_each_cpu(i, cpu_map) {
 		/* Skip already covered CPUs. */
@@ -288,6 +321,20 @@ static void build_perf_domains(const struct cpumask *cpu_map)
 			goto free;
 		tmp->next = pd;
 		pd = tmp;
+
+		/*
+		 * Count performance domains and capacity states for the
+		 * complexity check.
+		 */
+		nr_pd++;
+		nr_cs += em_pd_nr_cap_states(pd->em_pd);
+	}
+
+	/* Bail out if the Energy Model complexity is too high. */
+	if (nr_pd * (nr_cs + nr_cpus) > EM_MAX_COMPLEXITY) {
+		WARN(1, "rd %*pbl: Failed to start EAS, EM complexity is too high\n",
+						cpumask_pr_args(cpu_map));
+		goto free;
 	}
 
 	perf_domain_debug(cpu_map, pd);

  reply	other threads:[~2018-12-11 15:36 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 45+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-12-03  9:56 [PATCH v10 00/15] Energy Aware Scheduling Quentin Perret
2018-12-03  9:56 ` [PATCH v10 01/15] sched: Relocate arch_scale_cpu_capacity Quentin Perret
2018-12-11 15:32   ` [tip:sched/core] sched/topology: Relocate arch_scale_cpu_capacity() to the internal header tip-bot for Quentin Perret
2018-12-03  9:56 ` [PATCH v10 02/15] sched/cpufreq: Prepare schedutil for Energy Aware Scheduling Quentin Perret
2018-12-11 12:01   ` Rafael J. Wysocki
2018-12-11 12:17     ` Quentin Perret
2018-12-11 12:22       ` Rafael J. Wysocki
2018-12-11 12:24         ` Quentin Perret
2018-12-11 15:33   ` [tip:sched/core] " tip-bot for Quentin Perret
2018-12-03  9:56 ` [PATCH v10 03/15] PM: Introduce an Energy Model management framework Quentin Perret
2018-12-11 15:33   ` [tip:sched/core] " tip-bot for Quentin Perret
2018-12-03  9:56 ` [PATCH v10 04/15] PM / EM: Expose the Energy Model in sysfs Quentin Perret
2018-12-11 14:18   ` Ingo Molnar
2018-12-11 15:04     ` Quentin Perret
2018-12-03  9:56 ` [PATCH v10 05/15] sched/topology: Reference the Energy Model of CPUs when available Quentin Perret
2018-12-11 15:34   ` [tip:sched/core] " tip-bot for Quentin Perret
2018-12-03  9:56 ` [PATCH v10 06/15] sched/topology: Lowest CPU asymmetry sched_domain level pointer Quentin Perret
2018-12-11 15:34   ` [tip:sched/core] sched/topology: Add lowest " tip-bot for Quentin Perret
2018-12-03  9:56 ` [PATCH v10 07/15] sched/topology: Disable EAS on inappropriate platforms Quentin Perret
2018-12-11 15:35   ` tip-bot for Quentin Perret [this message]
2018-12-03  9:56 ` [PATCH v10 08/15] sched/topology: Make Energy Aware Scheduling depend on schedutil Quentin Perret
2018-12-11 15:36   ` [tip:sched/core] " tip-bot for Quentin Perret
2018-12-03  9:56 ` [PATCH v10 09/15] sched: Introduce sched_energy_present static key Quentin Perret
2018-12-11 15:36   ` [tip:sched/core] sched/toplogy: Introduce the 'sched_energy_present' " tip-bot for Quentin Perret
2018-12-13 13:56     ` Quentin Perret
2018-12-03  9:56 ` [PATCH v10 10/15] sched: Introduce a sysctl for Energy Aware Scheduling Quentin Perret
2018-12-11 14:15   ` Ingo Molnar
2018-12-11 14:49     ` Quentin Perret
2018-12-13 14:03       ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-01-21 11:35   ` [tip:sched/core] sched/topology: " tip-bot for Quentin Perret
2019-01-21 13:51   ` tip-bot for Quentin Perret
2019-01-27 11:34   ` tip-bot for Quentin Perret
2018-12-03  9:56 ` [PATCH v10 11/15] sched/fair: Clean-up update_sg_lb_stats parameters Quentin Perret
2018-12-11 15:37   ` [tip:sched/core] " tip-bot for Quentin Perret
2018-12-03  9:56 ` [PATCH v10 12/15] sched: Add over-utilization/tipping point indicator Quentin Perret
2018-12-11 15:37   ` [tip:sched/core] sched/fair: " tip-bot for Morten Rasmussen
2018-12-03  9:56 ` [PATCH v10 13/15] sched/fair: Introduce an energy estimation helper function Quentin Perret
2018-12-11 15:38   ` [tip:sched/core] " tip-bot for Quentin Perret
2018-12-03  9:56 ` [PATCH v10 14/15] sched/fair: Select an energy-efficient CPU on task wake-up Quentin Perret
2018-12-11 15:39   ` [tip:sched/core] " tip-bot for Quentin Perret
2018-12-03  9:56 ` [PATCH v10 15/15] OPTIONAL: cpufreq: dt: Register an Energy Model Quentin Perret
2019-01-08 20:38   ` Matthias Kaehlcke
2019-01-09 10:57     ` Quentin Perret
2019-01-09 18:14       ` Matthias Kaehlcke
2019-01-10  9:08         ` Quentin Perret

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=tip-b68a4c0dba3b1e1dda1ede49f3c2fc72d3b54567@git.kernel.org \
    --to=tipbot@zytor.com \
    --cc=efault@gmx.de \
    --cc=hpa@zytor.com \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-tip-commits@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=mingo@kernel.org \
    --cc=peterz@infradead.org \
    --cc=quentin.perret@arm.com \
    --cc=tglx@linutronix.de \
    --cc=torvalds@linux-foundation.org \
    --subject='Re: [tip:sched/core] sched/topology: Disable EAS on inappropriate platforms' \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).