Netdev Archive on lore.kernel.org
 help / color / Atom feed
From: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>
To: Michal Kubecek <mkubecek@suse.cz>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>,
	netdev <netdev@vger.kernel.org>, Firo Yang <firo.yang@suse.com>
Subject: Re: possible race in __inet_lookup_established()
Date: Wed, 20 Nov 2019 12:57:48 -0800
Message-ID: <CANn89iJeq2CCBrdgt=fFxG3Uk7f4CHbLfsOM2S8q3ucC6znzEA@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20191120204948.GC29650@unicorn.suse.cz>

On Wed, Nov 20, 2019 at 12:49 PM Michal Kubecek <mkubecek@suse.cz> wrote:
>
> On Wed, Nov 20, 2019 at 12:04:53PM -0800, Eric Dumazet wrote:
> >
> >
> > On 11/20/19 11:52 AM, Michal Kubecek wrote:
> > > On Wed, Nov 20, 2019 at 11:13:09AM -0800, Eric Dumazet wrote:
> > >> On Wed, Nov 20, 2019 at 10:10 AM Michal Kubecek <mkubecek@suse.cz> wrote:
> > >>>
> > >>> On Wed, Nov 20, 2019 at 08:12:10AM -0800, Eric Dumazet wrote:
> > >>>> On Wed, Nov 20, 2019 at 12:39 AM Michal Kubecek <mkubecek@suse.cz> wrote:
> > >>>>
> > >>>>> Hello Eric,
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> we are investigating a crash in socket lookup in a distribution kernel
> > >>>>> based on v4.12 but the possible problem we found seems to also apply to
> > >>>>> current mainline (or net) code.
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> The common pattern is:
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> - the crash always happens in __inet_lookup_established() in
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>>         sk_nulls_for_each_rcu(sk, node, &head->chain) {
> > >>>>>                 if (sk->sk_hash != hash)     <-----------------
> > >>>>>                         continue;
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>>   as sk is an invalid pointer; in particular, &sk->sk_nulls_node is null
> > >>>>>   so dereferencing sk->sk_hash faults
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> - the reason is that previous sk value pointed to a listening socket
> > >>>>>   rather than an established one; as listening socket uses sk_node, end
> > >>>>>   of the chain is marked by a null pointer which is not detected as
> > >>>>>   a chain end by sk_nulls_for_each_rcu()
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> - there is no socket matching skb which is a TCP pure ACK having
> > >>>>>   127.0.0.1 as both source and destination
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> - the chain pointed to by head variable is empty
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> Firo Yang came with the theory that this could be a race between socket
> > >>>>> lookup and freing the socket and replacing it with a listening one:
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> 1. CPU A gets a pointer to an established socket as sk in the
> > >>>>> sk_nulls_for_each_rcu() loop in __inet_lookup_established() but does not
> > >>>>> thake a reference to it.
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> 2. CPU B frees the socket
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> 3. Slab object pointed to by sk is reused for a new listening socket.
> > >>>>> This socket has null sk->sk_node->next which uses the same spot as
> > >>>>> sk->sk_nulls_node->next
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> 4. CPU A tests sk->sk_nulls_node->next with is_a_nulls() (false) and
> > >>>>> follows the pointer, resulting in a fault dereferencing sk->sk_hash.
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> Unless we missed something, there is no protection against established
> > >>>>> socket being freed and replaced by a new listening one while
> > >>>>> __inet_lookup_established() has a pointer to it. The RCU loop only
> > >>>>> prevents the slab object being reused for a different slab cache or
> > >>>>> something completely different but as established and listening sockets
> > >>>>> share the same slab cache, it does not protect us from switching from
> > >>>>> established to listening.
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> As far as I can say, this kind of race could have happened for quite
> > >>>>> long but before your commit ou3b24d854cb35 ("tcp/dccp: do not touch
> > >>>>> listener sk_refcnt under synflood"), the worst that could happen would
> > >>>>> be switching to a chain in listener lookup table, following it to its
> > >>>>> end and then (most likely) restarting the lookup or failing. Now that
> > >>>>> established and listening sockets use different list types, replacing
> > >>>>> one with the other can be deadly.
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> Do you agree that this race is possible or is there something we missed
> > >>>>> that would prevent it?
> > >>>>>
> > >>>> A listener is hashed on icsk_listen_portaddr_node, so I do not see how a
> > >>>> listener could be found in the establish chain ?
> > >>>
> > >>> It is not really in the chain. What we suspect is that between sk is
> > >>> assigned pointer to an established socket in __inet_lookup_established()
> > >>> and using sk->sk_nulls_node->next to go to the next (or stop if it's odd
> > >>> nulls value), this established socket could be freed and its slab object
> > >>> reused for a listening socket. As listening sockets no longer use a
> > >>> nulls hashlist but a normal hashlist, in the most common case where the
> > >>> socket is last in the chain, sk->sk_node->next (which occupies the same
> > >>> place as sk->sk_nulls_node->next) would be NULL so that is_a_nulls()
> > >>> does not recognize the chain end and the loop would go on to next socket
> > >>> in the chain.
> > >>>
> > >>
> > >> I hear you, but where is the sk->sk_nulls_node->next would be set to
> > >> NULL exactly ?
> > >
> > > In __inet_hash() when the new listening socket is inserted into the
> > > listening hashtable:
> > >
> > >     if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) && sk->sk_reuseport &&
> > >             sk->sk_family == AF_INET6)
> > >             hlist_add_tail_rcu(&sk->sk_node, &ilb->head);
> > >     else
> > >             hlist_add_head_rcu(&sk->sk_node, &ilb->head);
> > >
> > > If the chain is empty, sk->sk_node->next will be set to NULL by either
> > > branch. And even if it's not, the loop in __inet_lookup_established()
> > > would follow the chain from listening hashtable and still get to the
> > > NULL end marker eventually.
> >
> >
> > Oh right, I was confused by icsk_listen_portaddr_node, but listener use two
> > hashes...
> >
> > Do you have a patch, or do you want me to work on a fix ?
>
> Firo suggested something like
>
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
> --- a/net/ipv4/inet_hashtables.c
> +++ b/net/ipv4/inet_hashtables.c
> @@ -362,6 +362,8 @@ struct sock *__inet_lookup_established(struct net *net,
>
>  begin:
>         sk_nulls_for_each_rcu(sk, node, &head->chain) {
> +               if (unlikely(!node))
> +                       goto begin;
>                 if (sk->sk_hash != hash)
>                         continue;
>                 if (likely(INET_MATCH(sk, net, acookie,
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> It depends on implementation details but I believe it would work. It
> would be nicer if we could detect the switch to a listening socket but
> I don't see how to make such test race free without introducing
> unacceptable performance penalty.

No, we do not want to add more checks in the fast path really.

I was more thinking about not breaking the RCU invariants.

(ie : adding back the nulls stuff that I removed in 3b24d854cb35
("tcp/dccp: do not touch
listener sk_refcnt under synflood")

  reply index

Thread overview: 9+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-11-20  8:39 Michal Kubecek
     [not found] ` <CANn89iJYXh7AwK8_Aiz3wXqugG0icPNW6OPsPxwOvpH90kr+Ew@mail.gmail.com>
2019-11-20 18:10   ` Michal Kubecek
2019-11-20 19:13     ` Eric Dumazet
2019-11-20 19:52       ` Michal Kubecek
2019-11-20 20:04         ` Eric Dumazet
2019-11-20 20:49           ` Michal Kubecek
2019-11-20 20:57             ` Eric Dumazet [this message]
2019-11-20 21:13               ` Michal Kubecek
2019-11-20 21:54                 ` Eric Dumazet

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to='CANn89iJeq2CCBrdgt=fFxG3Uk7f4CHbLfsOM2S8q3ucC6znzEA@mail.gmail.com' \
    --to=edumazet@google.com \
    --cc=eric.dumazet@gmail.com \
    --cc=firo.yang@suse.com \
    --cc=mkubecek@suse.cz \
    --cc=netdev@vger.kernel.org \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

Netdev Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/netdev/0 netdev/git/0.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/netdev/1 netdev/git/1.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 netdev netdev/ https://lore.kernel.org/netdev \
		netdev@vger.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index netdev

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kernel.vger.netdev


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git