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From: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
To: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>,
	Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>,
	Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Jim Mattson <jmattson@google.com>,
	David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>,
	"Edgecombe, Rick P" <rick.p.edgecombe@intel.com>,
	"Kleen, Andi" <andi.kleen@intel.com>,
	"Yamahata, Isaku" <isaku.yamahata@intel.com>,
	Erdem Aktas <erdemaktas@google.com>,
	Steve Rutherford <srutherford@google.com>,
	Peter Gonda <pgonda@google.com>,
	David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>,
	Chao Peng <chao.p.peng@linux.intel.com>,
	x86@kernel.org, kvm@vger.kernel.org, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [RFCv2 13/13] KVM: unmap guest memory using poisoned pages
Date: Mon, 31 May 2021 23:07:12 +0300
Message-ID: <20210531200712.qjxghakcaj4s6ara@box.shutemov.name> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <YK6lrHeaeUZvHMJC@google.com>

On Wed, May 26, 2021 at 07:46:52PM +0000, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> On Fri, May 21, 2021, Kirill A. Shutemov wrote:
> > Hi Sean,
> > 
> > The core patch of the approach we've discussed before is below. It
> > introduce a new page type with the required semantics.
> > 
> > The full patchset can be found here:
> > 
> >  git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/kas/linux.git kvm-unmapped-guest-only
> > 
> > but only the patch below is relevant for TDX. QEMU patch is attached.
> 
> Can you post the whole series?

I hoped to get it posted as part of TDX host enabling.

As it is the feature is incomplete for pure KVM. I didn't implement on KVM
side checks that provided by TDX module/hardware, so nothing prevents the
same page to be added to multiple KVM instances.

> The KVM behavior and usage of FOLL_GUEST is very relevant to TDX.

The patch can be found here:

https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/kas/linux.git/commit/?h=kvm-unmapped-guest-only&id=2cd6c2c20528696a46a2a59383ca81638bf856b5

> > CONFIG_HAVE_KVM_PROTECTED_MEMORY has to be changed to what is appropriate
> > for TDX and FOLL_GUEST has to be used in hva_to_pfn_slow() when running
> > TDX guest.
> 
> This behavior in particular is relevant; KVM should provide FOLL_GUEST iff the
> access is private or the VM type doesn't differentiate between private and
> shared.

I added FOL_GUEST if the KVM instance has the feature enabled.

On top of that TDX-specific code has to check that the page is in fact
PageGuest() before inserting it into private SEPT.

The scheme makes sure that user-accessible memory cannot be not added as
private to TD.

> > When page get inserted into private sept we must make sure it is
> > PageGuest() or SIGBUS otherwise.
> 
> More KVM feedback :-)
> 
> Ideally, KVM will synchronously exit to userspace with detailed information on
> the bad behavior, not do SIGBUS.  Hopefully that infrastructure will be in place
> sooner than later.
> 
> https://lkml.kernel.org/r/YKxJLcg/WomPE422@google.com

My experiments are still v5.11, but I can rebase to whatever needed once
the infrastructure hits upstream.

> > Inserting PageGuest() into shared is fine, but the page will not be accessible
> > from userspace.
> 
> Even if it can be functionally fine, I don't think we want to allow KVM to map
> PageGuest() as shared memory.  The only reason to map memory shared is to share
> it with something, e.g. the host, that doesn't have access to private memory, so
> I can't envision a use case.
> 
> On the KVM side, it's trivially easy to omit FOLL_GUEST for shared memory, while
> always passing FOLL_GUEST would require manually zapping.  Manual zapping isn't
> a big deal, but I do think it can be avoided if userspace must either remap the
> hva or define a new KVM memslot (new gpa->hva), both of which will automatically
> zap any existing translations.
> 
> Aha, thought of a concrete problem.  If KVM maps PageGuest() into shared memory,
> then KVM must ensure that the page is not mapped private via a different hva/gpa,
> and is not mapped _any_ other guest because the TDX-Module's 1:1 PFN:TD+GPA
> enforcement only applies to private memory.  The explicit "VM_WRITE | VM_SHARED"
> requirement below makes me think this wouldn't be prevented.

Hm. I didn't realize that TDX module doesn't prevent the same page to be
used as shared and private at the same time.

Omitting FOLL_GUEST for shared memory doesn't look like a right approach.
IIUC, it would require the kernel to track what memory is share and what
private, which defeat the purpose of the rework. I would rather enforce
!PageGuest() when share SEPT is populated in addition to enforcing
PageGuest() fro private SEPT.

Do you see any problems with this?

> Oh, and the other nicety is that I think it would avoid having to explicitly
> handle PageGuest() memory that is being accessed from kernel/KVM, i.e. if all
> memory exposed to KVM must be !PageGuest(), then it is also eligible for
> copy_{to,from}_user().

copy_{to,from}_user() enforce by setting PTE entries to PROT_NONE.
Or do I miss your point?

> 
> > Any feedback is welcome.
> > 
> > -------------------------------8<-------------------------------------------
> > 
> > From: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
> > Date: Fri, 16 Apr 2021 01:30:48 +0300
> > Subject: [PATCH] mm: Introduce guest-only pages
> > 
> > PageGuest() pages are only allowed to be used as guest memory. Userspace
> > is not allowed read from or write to such pages.
> > 
> > On page fault, PageGuest() pages produce PROT_NONE page table entries.
> > Read or write there will trigger SIGBUS. Access to such pages via
> > syscall leads to -EIO.
> > 
> > The new mprotect(2) flag PROT_GUEST translates to VM_GUEST. Any page
> > fault to VM_GUEST VMA produces PageGuest() page.
> > 
> > Only shared tmpfs/shmem mappings are supported.
> 
> Is limiting this to tmpfs/shmem only for the PoC/RFC, or is it also expected to
> be the long-term behavior?

I expect it to be enough to cover all relevant cases, no?

Note that MAP_ANONYMOUS|MAP_SHARED also fits here.

-- 
 Kirill A. Shutemov

  reply index

Thread overview: 39+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-04-16 15:40 [RFCv2 00/13] TDX and guest memory unmapping Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-16 15:40 ` [RFCv2 01/13] x86/mm: Move force_dma_unencrypted() to common code Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-16 15:40 ` [RFCv2 02/13] x86/kvm: Introduce KVM memory protection feature Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-16 16:10   ` Borislav Petkov
2021-04-19 10:10     ` Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-16 15:40 ` [RFCv2 03/13] x86/kvm: Make DMA pages shared Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-16 15:40 ` [RFCv2 04/13] x86/kvm: Use bounce buffers for KVM memory protection Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-16 16:21   ` Dave Hansen
2021-04-16 15:40 ` [RFCv2 05/13] x86/kvmclock: Share hvclock memory with the host Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-16 15:40 ` [RFCv2 06/13] x86/realmode: Share trampoline area if KVM memory protection enabled Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-19 16:49   ` Dave Hansen
2021-04-16 15:41 ` [RFCv2 07/13] mm: Add hwpoison_entry_to_pfn() and hwpoison_entry_to_page() Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-16 15:41 ` [RFCv2 08/13] mm/gup: Add FOLL_ALLOW_POISONED Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-16 15:41 ` [RFCv2 09/13] shmem: Fail shmem_getpage_gfp() on poisoned pages Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-16 15:41 ` [RFCv2 10/13] mm: Keep page reference for hwpoison entries Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-16 15:41 ` [RFCv2 11/13] mm: Replace hwpoison entry with present PTE if page got unpoisoned Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-16 15:41 ` [RFCv2 12/13] KVM: passdown struct kvm to hva_to_pfn_slow() Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-16 15:41 ` [RFCv2 13/13] KVM: unmap guest memory using poisoned pages Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-16 17:30   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-04-19 11:32     ` Xiaoyao Li
2021-04-19 14:26     ` Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-19 16:01       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-04-19 16:40         ` Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-19 18:09           ` Sean Christopherson
2021-04-19 18:12             ` David Hildenbrand
2021-04-19 18:53             ` Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-19 20:09               ` Sean Christopherson
2021-04-19 22:57                 ` Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-20 17:13                   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-05-21 12:31                     ` Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-05-26 19:46                       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-05-31 20:07                         ` Kirill A. Shutemov [this message]
2021-06-02 17:51                           ` Sean Christopherson
2021-06-02 23:33                             ` Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-06-03 19:46                               ` Sean Christopherson
2021-06-04 14:29                                 ` Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-06-04 17:16                       ` Andy Lutomirski
2021-06-04 17:54                         ` Kirill A. Shutemov
2021-04-16 16:46 ` [RFCv2 00/13] TDX and guest memory unmapping Matthew Wilcox

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