IOMMU Archive on lore.kernel.org
 help / color / Atom feed
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
To: Xu Zaibo <xuzaibo-hv44wF8Li93QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>,
	"linux-arm-kernel-IAPFreCvJWM7uuMidbF8XUB+6BGkLq7r@public.gmane.org"
	<linux-arm-kernel-IAPFreCvJWM7uuMidbF8XUB+6BGkLq7r@public.gmane.org>,
	"linux-pci-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org"
	<linux-pci-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org>,
	"linux-acpi-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org"
	<linux-acpi-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org>,
	"devicetree-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org"
	<devicetree-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org>,
	"iommu-cunTk1MwBs9QetFLy7KEm3xJsTq8ys+cHZ5vskTnxNA@public.gmane.org"
	<iommu-cunTk1MwBs9QetFLy7KEm3xJsTq8ys+cHZ5vskTnxNA@public.gmane.org>,
	"kvm-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org"
	<kvm-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org>,
	"linux-mm-Bw31MaZKKs3YtjvyW6yDsg@public.gmane.org"
	<linux-mm-Bw31MaZKKs3YtjvyW6yDsg@public.gmane.org>
Cc: "ashok.raj-ral2JQCrhuEAvxtiuMwx3w@public.gmane.org"
	<ashok.raj-ral2JQCrhuEAvxtiuMwx3w@public.gmane.org>,
	"dwmw2-wEGCiKHe2LqWVfeAwA7xHQ@public.gmane.org"
	<dwmw2-wEGCiKHe2LqWVfeAwA7xHQ@public.gmane.org>,
	"ilias.apalodimas-QSEj5FYQhm4dnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org"
	<ilias.apalodimas-QSEj5FYQhm4dnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>,
	Will Deacon <Will.Deacon-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>,
	"okaya-sgV2jX0FEOL9JmXXK+q4OQ@public.gmane.org"
	<okaya-sgV2jX0FEOL9JmXXK+q4OQ@public.gmane.org>,
	"rgummal-gjFFaj9aHVfQT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org"
	<rgummal-gjFFaj9aHVfQT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>,
	"rfranz-YGCgFSpz5w/QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org"
	<rfranz-YGCgFSpz5w/QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>,
	"liguozhu-C8/M+/jPZTeaMJb+Lgu22Q@public.gmane.org"
	<liguozhu-C8/M+/jPZTeaMJb+Lgu22Q@public.gmane.org>,
	"christian.koenig-5C7GfCeVMHo@public.gmane.org"
	<christian.koenig-5C7GfCeVMHo@public.gmane.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 13/40] vfio: Add support for Shared Virtual Addressing
Date: Tue, 29 May 2018 12:55:49 +0100
Message-ID: <99ff4f89-86ef-a251-894c-8aa8a47d2a69@arm.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <5B08DA21.3070507-hv44wF8Li93QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>

(If possible, please reply in plain text to the list. Reading this in a
text-only reader is confusing, because all quotes have the same level)

On 26/05/18 04:53, Xu Zaibo wrote:
> I guess there may be some misunderstandings :).
> 
> From the current patches, 'iommu_sva_device_shutdown' is called by 'vfio_iommu_sva_shutdown', which
> is mainly used by 'vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group' that is finally called by processes' release of vfio facilitiy
> automatically or called by 'VFIO_GROUP_UNSET_CONTAINER' manually in the processes.
> 
> So, just image that 2 processes is working on the device with IOPF feature, and the 2 do the following to enable SVA:
> 
>     1.open("/dev/vfio/vfio") ;
> 
>    2.open the group of the devcie by calling open("/dev/vfio/x"), but now,
>      I think the second processes will fail to open the group because current VFIO thinks that one group only can be used by one process/vm,
>      at present, I use mediated device to create more groups on the parent device to support multiple processes;
> 
>     3.VFIO_GROUP_SET_CONTAINER;
> 
>     4.VFIO_SET_IOMMU;
> 
>     5.VFIO_IOMMU_BIND;

I have a concern regarding your driver. With mdev you can't allow
processes to program the PASID themselves, since the parent device has a
single PASID table. You lose all isolation since processes could write
any value in the PASID field and access address spaces of other
processes bound to this parent device (even if the BIND call was for
other mdevs).

The wrap driver has to mediate calls to bind(), and either program the
PASID into the device itself, or at least check that, when receiving a
SET_PASID ioctl from a process, the given PASID was actually allocated
to the process.

>     6.Do some works with the hardware working unit filled by PASID on the device;
> 
>    7.VFIO_IOMMU_UNBIND;
> 
>     8.VFIO_GROUP_UNSET_CONTAINER;---here, have to sleep to wait another process to finish works of the step 6;
> 
>     9. close(group); close(containner);
> 
> 
> So, my idea is: If it is possible to just release the params or facilities that only belong to the current process while the process shutdown the device,
> and while the last process releases them all. Then, as in the above step 8, we
> don't need to wait, or maybe wait for a very long time if the other process is doing lots of work on the device.
Given that you need to notify the mediating driver of IOMMU_BIND calls
as explained above, you could do something similar for shutdown: from
the mdev driver, call iommu_sva_shutdown_device() only for the last mdev.

Thanks,
Jean

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 123+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-05-11 19:06 [PATCH v2 00/40] Shared Virtual Addressing for the IOMMU Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found] ` <20180511190641.23008-1-jean-philippe.brucker-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 01/40] iommu: Introduce Shared Virtual Addressing API Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]     ` <20180511190641.23008-2-jean-philippe.brucker-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-16 20:41       ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-17 10:02         ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-17 17:00           ` Jacob Pan
2018-09-05 11:29       ` Auger Eric
     [not found]         ` <bf42affd-e9d0-e4fc-6d28-f3c3f7795348-H+wXaHxf7aLQT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-06 11:09           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]             ` <03d31ba5-1eda-ea86-8c0c-91d14c86fe83-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-06 11:12               ` Christian König
     [not found]                 ` <ed39159c-087e-7e56-7d29-d1de9fa1677f-5C7GfCeVMHo@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-06 12:45                   ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]                     ` <f0b317d5-e2e9-5478-952c-05e8b97bd68b-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-07  8:55                       ` Christian König
     [not found]                         ` <2fd4a0a1-1a35-bf82-df84-b995cce011d9-5C7GfCeVMHo@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-07 15:45                           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]                             ` <65e7accd-4446-19f5-c667-c6407e89cfa6-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-07 18:02                               ` Christian König
     [not found]                                 ` <5bbc0332-b94b-75cc-ca42-a9b196811daf-5C7GfCeVMHo@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-07 21:25                                   ` Jacob Pan
2018-09-08  7:29                                     ` Christian König
     [not found]                                       ` <3e3a6797-a233-911b-3a7d-d9b549160960-5C7GfCeVMHo@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-12 12:40                                         ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]                                           ` <9445a0be-fb5b-d195-4fdf-7ad6cb36ef4f-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-12 12:56                                             ` Christian König
2018-09-13  7:15                                     ` Tian, Kevin
2018-09-13  7:26                           ` Tian, Kevin
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 02/40] iommu/sva: Bind process address spaces to devices Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]     ` <20180511190641.23008-3-jean-philippe.brucker-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-17 13:10       ` Jonathan Cameron
     [not found]         ` <20180517141058.00001c76-hv44wF8Li93QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-21 14:43           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-09-05 11:29       ` Auger Eric
     [not found]         ` <471873d4-a1a6-1a3a-cf17-1e686b4ade96-H+wXaHxf7aLQT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-06 11:09           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 03/40] iommu/sva: Manage process address spaces Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]     ` <20180511190641.23008-4-jean-philippe.brucker-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-16 23:31       ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-17 10:02         ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]           ` <de478769-9f7a-d40b-a55e-e2c63ad883e8-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-22 16:43             ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-24 11:44               ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-24 11:50                 ` Ilias Apalodimas
2018-05-24 15:04                   ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]                     ` <19e82a74-429a-3f86-119e-32b12082d0ff-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-25  6:33                       ` Ilias Apalodimas
2018-05-25  8:39                         ` Jonathan Cameron
     [not found]                           ` <20180525093959.000040a7-hv44wF8Li93QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-26  2:24                             ` Kenneth Lee
2018-05-26  2:24                           ` Kenneth Lee
     [not found]                           ` <20180526022445.GA6069@kllp05>
2018-06-11 16:10                             ` Kenneth Lee
2018-06-11 16:10                             ` Kenneth Lee
2018-06-11 16:32                           ` Kenneth Lee
2018-05-17 14:25       ` Jonathan Cameron
     [not found]         ` <20180517150516.000067ca-hv44wF8Li93QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-21 14:44           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-09-05 12:14       ` Auger Eric
     [not found]         ` <d785ec89-6743-d0f1-1a7f-85599a033e5b-H+wXaHxf7aLQT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-05 18:18           ` Jacob Pan
2018-09-06 17:40             ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-09-06 11:10           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 04/40] iommu/sva: Add a mm_exit callback for device drivers Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]     ` <20180511190641.23008-5-jean-philippe.brucker-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-05 13:23       ` Auger Eric
     [not found]         ` <d1dc28c4-7742-9c41-3f91-3fbcb8b13c1c-H+wXaHxf7aLQT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-06 11:10           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 05/40] iommu/sva: Track mm changes with an MMU notifier Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]     ` <20180511190641.23008-6-jean-philippe.brucker-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-17 14:25       ` Jonathan Cameron
     [not found]         ` <20180517152514.00004247-hv44wF8Li93QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-21 14:44           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 06/40] iommu/sva: Search mm by PASID Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 07/40] iommu: Add a page fault handler Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]     ` <20180511190641.23008-8-jean-philippe.brucker-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-17 15:25       ` Jonathan Cameron
     [not found]         ` <20180517162555.00002bd3-hv44wF8Li93QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-21 14:48           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-18 18:04       ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-21 14:49         ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]           ` <8a640794-a6f3-fa01-82a9-06479a6f779a-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-22 23:35             ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-24 11:44               ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]                 ` <bdf9f221-ab97-2168-d072-b7f6a0dba840-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-26  0:35                   ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-29 10:00                     ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 08/40] iommu/iopf: Handle mm faults Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 09/40] iommu/sva: Register page fault handler Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 10/40] mm: export symbol mm_access Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 11/40] mm: export symbol find_get_task_by_vpid Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 12/40] mm: export symbol mmput_async Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 13/40] vfio: Add support for Shared Virtual Addressing Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]     ` <20180511190641.23008-14-jean-philippe.brucker-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-17 15:58       ` Jonathan Cameron
     [not found]         ` <20180517165845.00000cc9-hv44wF8Li93QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-21 14:51           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-23  9:38       ` Xu Zaibo
     [not found]         ` <5B0536A3.1000304-hv44wF8Li93QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-24 11:44           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]             ` <cd13f60d-b282-3804-4ca7-2d34476c597f-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-24 12:35               ` Xu Zaibo
     [not found]                 ` <5B06B17C.1090809-hv44wF8Li93QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-24 15:04                   ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]                     ` <205c1729-8026-3efe-c363-d37d7150d622-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-25  2:39                       ` Xu Zaibo
2018-05-25  9:47                         ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]                           ` <fea420ff-e738-e2ed-ab1e-a3f4dde4b6ef-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-26  3:53                             ` Xu Zaibo
     [not found]                               ` <5B08DA21.3070507-hv44wF8Li93QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-29 11:55                                 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker [this message]
     [not found]                                   ` <99ff4f89-86ef-a251-894c-8aa8a47d2a69-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-29 12:24                                     ` Xu Zaibo
2018-08-27  8:06       ` Xu Zaibo
     [not found]         ` <5B83B11E.7010807-hv44wF8Li93QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-08-31 13:34           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]             ` <1d5b6529-4e5a-723c-3f1b-dd5a9adb490c-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-01  2:23               ` Xu Zaibo
     [not found]                 ` <5B89F818.7060300-hv44wF8Li93QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-03 10:34                   ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]                     ` <3a961aff-e830-64bb-b6a9-14e08de1abf5-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-04  2:12                       ` Xu Zaibo
     [not found]                         ` <5B8DEA15.7020404-hv44wF8Li93QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-04 10:57                           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]                             ` <bc27f902-4d12-21b7-b9e9-18bcae170503-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-05  3:15                               ` Xu Zaibo
     [not found]                                 ` <5B8F4A59.20004-hv44wF8Li93QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-05 11:02                                   ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]                                     ` <b51107b8-a525-13ce-f4c3-d423b8502c27-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-09-06  7:26                                       ` Xu Zaibo
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 14/40] dt-bindings: document stall and PASID properties for IOMMU masters Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 15/40] iommu/of: Add stall and pasid properties to iommu_fwspec Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 16/40] arm64: mm: Pin down ASIDs for sharing mm with devices Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]     ` <20180511190641.23008-17-jean-philippe.brucker-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-15 14:16       ` Catalin Marinas
     [not found]         ` <20180515141658.vivrgcyww2pxumye-+1aNUgJU5qkijLcmloz0ER/iLCjYCKR+VpNB7YpNyf8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-17 10:01           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 17/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Link domains and devices Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]     ` <20180511190641.23008-18-jean-philippe.brucker-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-17 16:07       ` Jonathan Cameron
     [not found]         ` <20180517170748.00004927-hv44wF8Li93QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-21 14:49           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-09-10 15:16       ` Auger Eric
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 18/40] iommu/io-pgtable-arm: Factor out ARM LPAE register defines Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 19/40] iommu: Add generic PASID table library Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 20/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Move context descriptor code Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 21/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for Substream IDs Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]     ` <20180511190641.23008-22-jean-philippe.brucker-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-31 11:01       ` Bharat Kumar Gogada
     [not found]         ` <BLUPR0201MB1505AA55707BE2E13392FFAFA5630-hRBPhS1iNj/g9tdZWAsUFxrHTHEw16jenBOFsp37pqbUKgpGm//BTAC/G2K4zDHf@public.gmane.org>
2018-06-01 10:46           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 22/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add second level of context descriptor table Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 23/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Share process page tables Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 24/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Seize private ASID Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 25/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for VHE Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 26/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Enable broadcast TLB maintenance Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 27/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add SVA feature checking Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 28/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Implement mm operations Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 29/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for Hardware Translation Table Update Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 30/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Register I/O Page Fault queue Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 31/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Improve add_device error handling Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 32/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Maintain a SID->device structure Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 33/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add stall support for platform devices Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 34/40] ACPI/IORT: Check ATS capability in root complex nodes Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 35/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for PCI ATS Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]     ` <20180511190641.23008-36-jean-philippe.brucker-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-19 17:25       ` Sinan Kaya
     [not found]         ` <922474e8-0aa5-e022-0502-f1e51b0d4859-sgV2jX0FEOL9JmXXK+q4OQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-21 14:52           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 36/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Hook up ATC invalidation to mm ops Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 37/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Disable tagged pointers Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 38/40] PCI: Make "PRG Response PASID Required" handling common Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 39/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for PRI Jean-Philippe Brucker
     [not found]     ` <20180511190641.23008-40-jean-philippe.brucker-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-25 14:08       ` Bharat Kumar Gogada
     [not found]         ` <BLUPR0201MB150513BBAA161355DE9B3A48A5690-hRBPhS1iNj/g9tdZWAsUFxrHTHEw16jenBOFsp37pqbUKgpGm//BTAC/G2K4zDHf@public.gmane.org>
2018-05-29 10:27           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 19:06   ` [PATCH v2 40/40] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for PCI PASID Jean-Philippe Brucker

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=99ff4f89-86ef-a251-894c-8aa8a47d2a69@arm.com \
    --to=jean-philippe.brucker-5wv7dgnigg8@public.gmane.org \
    --cc=Will.Deacon-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org \
    --cc=ashok.raj-ral2JQCrhuEAvxtiuMwx3w@public.gmane.org \
    --cc=christian.koenig-5C7GfCeVMHo@public.gmane.org \
    --cc=devicetree-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org \
    --cc=dwmw2-wEGCiKHe2LqWVfeAwA7xHQ@public.gmane.org \
    --cc=ilias.apalodimas-QSEj5FYQhm4dnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org \
    --cc=iommu-cunTk1MwBs9QetFLy7KEm3xJsTq8ys+cHZ5vskTnxNA@public.gmane.org \
    --cc=kvm-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org \
    --cc=liguozhu-C8/M+/jPZTeaMJb+Lgu22Q@public.gmane.org \
    --cc=linux-acpi-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org \
    --cc=linux-arm-kernel-IAPFreCvJWM7uuMidbF8XUB+6BGkLq7r@public.gmane.org \
    --cc=linux-mm-Bw31MaZKKs3YtjvyW6yDsg@public.gmane.org \
    --cc=linux-pci-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org \
    --cc=okaya-sgV2jX0FEOL9JmXXK+q4OQ@public.gmane.org \
    --cc=rfranz-YGCgFSpz5w/QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org \
    --cc=rgummal-gjFFaj9aHVfQT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org \
    --cc=xuzaibo-hv44wF8Li93QT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

IOMMU Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/linux-iommu/0 linux-iommu/git/0.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 linux-iommu linux-iommu/ https://lore.kernel.org/linux-iommu \
		iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
	public-inbox-index linux-iommu

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.linux-foundation.lists.iommu


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git