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From: Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com>
To: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
	Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>,
	Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>,
	LSM List <linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org>,
	James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>, Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>,
	Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>,
	Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>,
	"David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>,
	Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>,
	Network Development <netdev@vger.kernel.org>,
	bpf <bpf@vger.kernel.org>, kernel-team <kernel-team@fb.com>,
	Linux API <linux-api@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH bpf-next] bpf, capabilities: introduce CAP_BPF
Date: Wed, 28 Aug 2019 15:08:28 -0700
Message-ID: <20190828220826.nlkpp632rsomocve@ast-mbp.dhcp.thefacebook.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190828071421.GK2332@hirez.programming.kicks-ass.net>

On Wed, Aug 28, 2019 at 09:14:21AM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Tue, Aug 27, 2019 at 04:01:08PM -0700, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
> 
> > > Tracing:
> > >
> > > CAP_BPF and perf_paranoid_tracepoint_raw() (which is kernel.perf_event_paranoid == -1)
> > > are necessary to:
> 
> That's not tracing, that's perf.
> 
> > > +bool cap_bpf_tracing(void)
> > > +{
> > > +       return capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN) ||
> > > +              (capable(CAP_BPF) && !perf_paranoid_tracepoint_raw());
> > > +}
> 
> A whole long time ago, I proposed we introduce CAP_PERF or something
> along those lines; as a replacement for that horrible crap Android and
> Debian ship. But nobody was ever interested enough.
> 
> The nice thing about that is that you can then disallow perf/tracing in
> general, but tag the perf executable (and similar tools) with the
> capability so that unpriv users can still use it, but only limited
> through the tool, not the syscalls directly.

Exactly.
Similar motivation for CAP_BPF as well.

re: your first comment above.
I'm not sure what difference you see in words 'tracing' and 'perf'.
I really hope we don't partition the overall tracing category
into CAP_PERF and CAP_FTRACE only because these pieces are maintained
by different people.
On one side perf_event_open() isn't really doing tracing (as step by
step ftracing of function sequences), but perf_event_open() opens
an event and the sequence of events (may include IP) becomes a trace.
imo CAP_TRACING is the best name to descibe the privileged space
of operations possible via perf_event_open, ftrace, kprobe, stack traces, etc.

Another reason are kuprobes. They can be crated via perf_event_open
and via tracefs. Are they in CAP_PERF or in CAP_FTRACE ? In both, right?
Should then CAP_KPROBE be used ? that would be an overkill.
It would partition the space even further without obvious need.

Looking from BPF angle... BPF doesn't have integration with ftrace yet.
bpf_trace_printk is using ftrace mechanism, but that's 1% of ftrace.
In the long run I really like to see bpf using all of ftrace.
Whereas bpf is using a lot of 'perf'.
And extending some perf things in bpf specific way.
Take a look at how BPF_F_STACK_BUILD_ID. It's clearly perf/stack_tracing
feature that generic perf can use one day.
Currently it sits in bpf land and accessible via bpf only.
Though its bpf only today I categorize it under CAP_TRACING.

I think CAP_TRACING privilege should allow task to do all of perf_event_open,
kuprobe, stack trace, ftrace, and kallsyms.
We can think of some exceptions that should stay under CAP_SYS_ADMIN,
but most of the functionality available by 'perf' binary should be
usable with CAP_TRACING. 'perf' can do bpf too.
With CAP_BPF it would be all set.


  reply index

Thread overview: 44+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
     [not found] <20190827205213.456318-1-ast@kernel.org>
2019-08-27 23:01 ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-08-27 23:21   ` Steven Rostedt
2019-08-27 23:34     ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-08-28  0:44       ` Steven Rostedt
2019-08-28  1:12         ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-08-28  2:22           ` Steven Rostedt
2019-08-28  0:38     ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-08-28  3:30     ` Masami Hiramatsu
2019-08-28  4:47       ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-08-28  0:34   ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-08-28  0:55     ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-08-28  2:00       ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-08-28  4:49         ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-08-28  6:20           ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-08-28 23:38             ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-08-29  0:58               ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-08-28  4:43       ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-08-28  6:12         ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-08-28 22:55           ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-08-29  0:45             ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-08-29  0:53               ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-08-29  4:07               ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-09-28 23:37                 ` Steven Rostedt
2019-09-30 18:31                   ` Kees Cook
2019-10-01  1:22                     ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-10-01 22:10                       ` Steven Rostedt
2019-10-01 22:18                         ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-10-01 22:47                           ` Steven Rostedt
2019-10-02 17:18                             ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-10-02 23:00                               ` Steven Rostedt
2019-10-03 16:18                                 ` trace_printk issue. Was: " Alexei Starovoitov
2019-10-03 16:41                                   ` Steven Rostedt
2019-10-04 19:56                                     ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-10-03  6:12                     ` Masami Hiramatsu
2019-10-03 16:20                       ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-08-28  7:14   ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-08-28 22:08     ` Alexei Starovoitov [this message]
2019-08-29 13:34       ` Steven Rostedt
2019-08-29 15:43         ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-08-29 17:23           ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-08-29 17:36             ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-08-29 17:49             ` Steven Rostedt
2019-08-29 17:19         ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-08-29 17:47           ` Steven Rostedt

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