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From: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
To: Cedric Xing <cedric.xing@intel.com>
Cc: linux-sgx@vger.kernel.org,
	LSM List <linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org>,
	selinux@vger.kernel.org, "Schaufler,
	Casey" <casey.schaufler@intel.com>,
	James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>,
	Andrew Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
	Jethro Beekman <jethro@fortanix.com>,
	"Dr. Greg Wettstein" <greg@enjellic.com>,
	Stephen Smalley <sds@tycho.nsa.gov>,
	Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>,
	"Christopherson, Sean J" <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH v2 1/3] x86/sgx: Add SGX specific LSM hooks
Date: Sat, 29 Jun 2019 16:46:38 -0700
Message-ID: <CALCETrWQUEEwAAdPrVQMengKDhX3-fVrtJwaP2i=mWD+s+B8vg@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <72420cff8fa944b64e57df8d25c63bd30f8aacfa.1561588012.git.cedric.xing@intel.com>

On Thu, Jun 27, 2019 at 11:56 AM Cedric Xing <cedric.xing@intel.com> wrote:
>
> SGX enclaves are loaded from pages in regular memory. Given the ability to
> create executable pages, the newly added SGX subsystem may present a backdoor
> for adversaries to circumvent LSM policies, such as creating an executable
> enclave page from a modified regular page that would otherwise not be made
> executable as prohibited by LSM. Therefore arises the primary question of
> whether an enclave page should be allowed to be created from a given source
> page in regular memory.
>
> A related question is whether to grant/deny a mprotect() request on a given
> enclave page/range. mprotect() is traditionally covered by
> security_file_mprotect() hook, however, enclave pages have a different lifespan
> than either MAP_PRIVATE or MAP_SHARED. Particularly, MAP_PRIVATE pages have the
> same lifespan as the VMA while MAP_SHARED pages have the same lifespan as the
> backing file (on disk), but enclave pages have the lifespan of the enclave’s
> file descriptor. For example, enclave pages could be munmap()’ed then mmap()’ed
> again without losing contents (like MAP_SHARED), but all enclave pages will be
> lost once its file descriptor has been closed (like MAP_PRIVATE). That said,
> LSM modules need some new data structure for tracking protections of enclave
> pages/ranges so that they can make proper decisions at mmap()/mprotect()
> syscalls.
>
> The last question, which is orthogonal to the 2 above, is whether or not to
> allow a given enclave to launch/run. Enclave pages are not visible to the rest
> of the system, so to some extent offer a better place for malicious software to
> hide. Thus, it is sometimes desirable to whitelist/blacklist enclaves by their
> measurements, signing public keys, or image files.
>
> To address the questions above, 2 new LSM hooks are added for enclaves.
>   - security_enclave_load() – This hook allows LSM to decide whether or not to
>     allow instantiation of a range of enclave pages using the specified VMA. It
>     is invoked when a range of enclave pages is about to be loaded. It serves 3
>     purposes: 1) indicate to LSM that the file struct in subject is an enclave;
>     2) allow LSM to decide whether or not to instantiate those pages and 3)
>     allow LSM to initialize internal data structures for tracking
>     origins/protections of those pages.
>   - security_enclave_init() – This hook allows whitelisting/blacklisting or
>     performing whatever checks deemed appropriate before an enclave is allowed
>     to run. An LSM module may opt to use the file backing the SIGSTRUCT as a
>     proxy to dictate allowed protections for anonymous pages.
>
> mprotect() of enclave pages continue to be governed by
> security_file_mprotect(), with the expectation that LSM is able to distinguish
> between regular and enclave pages inside the hook. For mmap(), the SGX
> subsystem is expected to invoke security_file_mprotect() explicitly to check
> protections against the requested protections for existing enclave pages. As
> stated earlier, enclave pages have different lifespan than the existing
> MAP_PRIVATE and MAP_SHARED pages, so would require a new data structure outside
> of VMA to track their protections and/or origins. Enclave Memory Area (or EMA
> for short) has been introduced to address the need. EMAs are maintained by the
> LSM framework for all LSM modules to share. EMAs will be instantiated for
> enclaves only so will not impose memory/performance overheads for regular
> applications/files. Please see include/linux/lsm_ema.h and security/lsm_ema.c
> for details.
>
> A new setup parameter – lsm.ema.cache_decisions has been introduced to offer
> the choice between memory consumption and accuracy of audit logs. Enabling
> lsm.ema.cache_decisions causes LSM framework NOT to keep backing files open for
> EMAs. While that saves memory, it requires LSM modules to make and cache
> decisions ahead of time, and makes it difficult for LSM modules to generate
> accurate audit logs. System administrators are expected to run LSM in
> permissive mode with lsm.ema.cache_decisions off to determine the minimal
> permissions needed, and then turn it back on in enforcing mode for optimal
> performance and memory usage. lsm.ema.cache_decisions is on by default and
> could be turned off by appending “lsm.ema.cache_decisions=0” or
> “lsm.ema.cache_decisions=off” to the kernel command line.

Just on a very cursory review, this seems like it's creating a bunch
of complexity (a whole new library and data structure), and I'm not
convinced the result is any better than Sean's version.

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 156+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-06-19 22:23 [RFC PATCH v4 00/12] security: x86/sgx: SGX vs. LSM Sean Christopherson
2019-06-19 22:23 ` [RFC PATCH v4 01/12] x86/sgx: Use mmu_notifier.release() instead of per-vma refcounting Sean Christopherson
2019-06-20 21:03   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-08 14:57     ` Sean Christopherson
2019-07-09 16:18       ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-06-19 22:23 ` [RFC PATCH v4 02/12] x86/sgx: Do not naturally align MAP_FIXED address Sean Christopherson
2019-06-20 21:09   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-06-20 22:09     ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-06-19 22:23 ` [RFC PATCH v4 03/12] selftests: x86/sgx: Mark the enclave loader as not needing an exec stack Sean Christopherson
2019-06-20 21:17   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-06-19 22:23 ` [RFC PATCH v4 04/12] x86/sgx: Require userspace to define enclave pages' protection bits Sean Christopherson
2019-06-21  1:07   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-06-21  1:16     ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-06-21 16:42   ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-08 16:34     ` Sean Christopherson
2019-07-08 17:29       ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-01 18:00   ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-07-01 19:22     ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-19 22:23 ` [RFC PATCH v4 05/12] x86/sgx: Enforce noexec filesystem restriction for enclaves Sean Christopherson
2019-06-21  1:26   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-07 19:03     ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-19 22:23 ` [RFC PATCH v4 06/12] mm: Introduce vm_ops->may_mprotect() Sean Christopherson
2019-06-21  1:35   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-06-19 22:23 ` [RFC PATCH v4 07/12] LSM: x86/sgx: Introduce ->enclave_map() hook for Intel SGX Sean Christopherson
2019-06-21  2:28   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-06-21 16:54   ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-25 20:48     ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-27 20:29       ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-07 18:01         ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-19 22:23 ` [RFC PATCH v4 08/12] security/selinux: Require SGX_MAPWX to map enclave page WX Sean Christopherson
2019-06-21 17:09   ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-25 21:05     ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-27 20:26       ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-25 20:19   ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-26 12:49     ` Dr. Greg
2019-06-19 22:23 ` [RFC PATCH v4 09/12] LSM: x86/sgx: Introduce ->enclave_load() hook for Intel SGX Sean Christopherson
2019-06-21 17:05   ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-25 21:01     ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-25 21:49       ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-27 19:38         ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-19 22:23 ` [RFC PATCH v4 10/12] security/selinux: Add enclave_load() implementation Sean Christopherson
2019-06-21 21:22   ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-25 21:09     ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-27 20:19       ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-28 16:16         ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-28 21:20           ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-29  1:15             ` Stephen Smalley
2019-07-01 18:14               ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-29 23:41       ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-07-01 17:46         ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-01 17:53           ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-07-01 18:54             ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-01 19:03               ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-01 19:32               ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-07-01 20:03                 ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-07 18:46                   ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-25 20:34   ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-19 22:24 ` [RFC PATCH v4 11/12] security/apparmor: " Sean Christopherson
2019-06-19 22:24 ` [RFC PATCH v4 12/12] LSM: x86/sgx: Show line of sight to LSM support SGX2's EAUG Sean Christopherson
2019-06-21 17:18   ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-08 14:34     ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-21  1:32 ` [RFC PATCH v4 00/12] security: x86/sgx: SGX vs. LSM Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-06-27 18:56 ` [RFC PATCH v2 0/3] security/x86/sgx: SGX specific LSM hooks Cedric Xing
2019-07-03 23:16   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-03 23:22     ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-03 23:23       ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-06  5:04     ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-08 14:46       ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-07 23:41   ` [RFC PATCH v3 0/4] " Cedric Xing
2019-07-08 15:55     ` Sean Christopherson
2019-07-08 17:49       ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-08 18:49         ` Sean Christopherson
2019-07-08 22:26           ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-07 23:41   ` [RFC PATCH v3 1/4] x86/sgx: Add " Cedric Xing
2019-07-07 23:41   ` [RFC PATCH v3 2/4] x86/64: Call LSM hooks from SGX subsystem/module Cedric Xing
2019-07-09  1:03     ` Sean Christopherson
2019-07-07 23:41   ` [RFC PATCH v3 3/4] X86/sgx: Introduce EMA as a new LSM module Cedric Xing
2019-07-08 16:26     ` Casey Schaufler
2019-07-08 17:16       ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-08 23:53         ` Casey Schaufler
2019-07-09 22:13           ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-10  0:10             ` Casey Schaufler
2019-07-10  0:55               ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-10 21:14                 ` Casey Schaufler
2019-07-11 13:51                 ` Stephen Smalley
2019-07-11 15:12                   ` Sean Christopherson
2019-07-11 16:11                     ` Stephen Smalley
2019-07-11 16:25                       ` Sean Christopherson
2019-07-11 16:32                         ` Stephen Smalley
2019-07-11 23:41                           ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-07 23:41   ` [RFC PATCH v3 4/4] x86/sgx: Implement SGX specific hooks in SELinux Cedric Xing
2019-07-09  1:33     ` Sean Christopherson
2019-07-09 21:26       ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-10 15:49     ` Sean Christopherson
2019-07-10 16:08       ` Jethro Beekman
2019-07-10 18:16         ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-10 17:54       ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-27 18:56 ` [RFC PATCH v2 1/3] x86/sgx: Add SGX specific LSM hooks Cedric Xing
2019-06-27 22:06   ` Casey Schaufler
2019-06-27 22:52     ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-27 23:37       ` Casey Schaufler
2019-06-28  0:47         ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-28 17:22           ` Casey Schaufler
2019-06-28 22:29             ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-29  1:37             ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-29 21:35               ` Casey Schaufler
2019-07-01 17:57                 ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-01 19:53                   ` Casey Schaufler
2019-07-01 21:45                     ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-01 23:11                       ` Casey Schaufler
2019-07-02  7:42                         ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-02 15:44                           ` Casey Schaufler
2019-07-03  9:46                             ` Dr. Greg
2019-07-03 15:32                               ` Casey Schaufler
2019-07-07 13:30                                 ` Dr. Greg
2019-07-09  0:02                                   ` Casey Schaufler
2019-07-09  1:52                                     ` Sean Christopherson
2019-07-09 21:16                                       ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-11 10:22                                     ` Dr. Greg
2019-07-15 22:23                                       ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-06-28 16:37   ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-28 21:53     ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-29  1:22       ` Stephen Smalley
2019-07-01 18:02         ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-29 23:46   ` Andy Lutomirski [this message]
2019-07-01 17:11     ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-01 17:58       ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-07-01 18:31         ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-01 19:36           ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-07-01 19:56             ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-02  2:29               ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-07-02  6:35                 ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-27 18:56 ` [RFC PATCH v2 2/3] x86/sgx: Call LSM hooks from SGX subsystem/module Cedric Xing
2019-06-27 18:56 ` [RFC PATCH v2 3/3] x86/sgx: Implement SGX specific hooks in SELinux Cedric Xing
2019-07-05 16:05 ` [RFC PATCH v4 00/12] security: x86/sgx: SGX vs. LSM Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-08 17:29   ` Sean Christopherson
2019-07-08 17:33     ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-09 16:22     ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-09 17:09       ` Sean Christopherson
2019-07-09 20:41         ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-09 22:25           ` Sean Christopherson
2019-07-09 23:11             ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-10 16:57               ` Sean Christopherson
2019-07-10 20:19         ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-10 20:31           ` Sean Christopherson
2019-07-11  9:06             ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-10 22:00           ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-10 22:16         ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-10 23:16           ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-11  9:26             ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-11 14:32               ` Stephen Smalley
2019-07-11 17:51                 ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-12  0:08                   ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-10  1:28     ` Dr. Greg
2019-07-10  2:04       ` Xing, Cedric
2019-07-10  3:21     ` Jethro Beekman

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