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* [PATCH v4 0/5] Xilinx ZynqMP USB fixes
@ 2022-01-14  4:42 Robert Hancock
  2022-01-14  4:42 ` [PATCH v4 1/5] usb: dwc3: xilinx: Fix PIPE clock selection for USB2.0 mode Robert Hancock
                   ` (4 more replies)
  0 siblings, 5 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Robert Hancock @ 2022-01-14  4:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-usb
  Cc: Thinh.Nguyen, robh+dt, devicetree, michal.simek, balbi, gregkh,
	mounika.grace.akula, manish.narani, Robert Hancock

Some fixes related to the DWC3 USB driver and Xilinx ZynqMP DWC3
wrapper driver to allow ZynqMP USB to work properly when the hardware
is configured in USB 2.0-only mode.

Changes since v3:
-fixed DT schema dt-doc-validate error

Changes since v2:
-additional kerneldoc fixes

Changes since v1:
-added DT binding documentation for new attribute
-kerneldoc formatting and reworded comments

Robert Hancock (5):
  usb: dwc3: xilinx: Fix PIPE clock selection for USB2.0 mode
  usb: dwc3: xilinx: Fix error handling when getting USB3 PHY
  dt-bindings: usb: dwc3: add reference clock period fractional
    adjustment
  usb: dwc3: add reference clock FLADJ configuration
  arm64: dts: zynqmp: Add DWC3 USB reference clock period configuration

 .../devicetree/bindings/usb/snps,dwc3.yaml    | 13 +++++++
 arch/arm64/boot/dts/xilinx/zynqmp.dtsi        |  4 +++
 drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c                       | 35 +++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h                       |  5 +++
 drivers/usb/dwc3/dwc3-xilinx.c                | 17 +++++----
 5 files changed, 67 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

-- 
2.31.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v4 1/5] usb: dwc3: xilinx: Fix PIPE clock selection for USB2.0 mode
  2022-01-14  4:42 [PATCH v4 0/5] Xilinx ZynqMP USB fixes Robert Hancock
@ 2022-01-14  4:42 ` Robert Hancock
  2022-01-14  4:42 ` [PATCH v4 2/5] usb: dwc3: xilinx: Fix error handling when getting USB3 PHY Robert Hancock
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Robert Hancock @ 2022-01-14  4:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-usb
  Cc: Thinh.Nguyen, robh+dt, devicetree, michal.simek, balbi, gregkh,
	mounika.grace.akula, manish.narani, Robert Hancock

It appears that the PIPE clock should not be selected when only USB 2.0
is being used in the design and no USB 3.0 reference clock is used. Fix
to set the correct value depending on whether a USB3 PHY is present.

Fixes: 84770f028fab ("usb: dwc3: Add driver for Xilinx platforms")
Signed-off-by: Robert Hancock <robert.hancock@calian.com>
---
 drivers/usb/dwc3/dwc3-xilinx.c | 7 +++++--
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/usb/dwc3/dwc3-xilinx.c b/drivers/usb/dwc3/dwc3-xilinx.c
index 9cc3ad701a29..3bc035376394 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/dwc3/dwc3-xilinx.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/dwc3/dwc3-xilinx.c
@@ -167,8 +167,11 @@ static int dwc3_xlnx_init_zynqmp(struct dwc3_xlnx *priv_data)
 	/* Set PIPE Power Present signal in FPD Power Present Register*/
 	writel(FPD_POWER_PRSNT_OPTION, priv_data->regs + XLNX_USB_FPD_POWER_PRSNT);
 
-	/* Set the PIPE Clock Select bit in FPD PIPE Clock register */
-	writel(PIPE_CLK_SELECT, priv_data->regs + XLNX_USB_FPD_PIPE_CLK);
+	/* Set the PIPE Clock Select bit in FPD PIPE Clock register if a USB3
+	 * PHY is in use, deselect otherwise
+	 */
+	writel(usb3_phy ? PIPE_CLK_SELECT : PIPE_CLK_DESELECT,
+	       priv_data->regs + XLNX_USB_FPD_PIPE_CLK);
 
 	ret = reset_control_deassert(crst);
 	if (ret < 0) {
-- 
2.31.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v4 2/5] usb: dwc3: xilinx: Fix error handling when getting USB3 PHY
  2022-01-14  4:42 [PATCH v4 0/5] Xilinx ZynqMP USB fixes Robert Hancock
  2022-01-14  4:42 ` [PATCH v4 1/5] usb: dwc3: xilinx: Fix PIPE clock selection for USB2.0 mode Robert Hancock
@ 2022-01-14  4:42 ` Robert Hancock
  2022-01-14  4:42 ` [PATCH v4 3/5] dt-bindings: usb: dwc3: add reference clock period fractional adjustment Robert Hancock
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Robert Hancock @ 2022-01-14  4:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-usb
  Cc: Thinh.Nguyen, robh+dt, devicetree, michal.simek, balbi, gregkh,
	mounika.grace.akula, manish.narani, Robert Hancock

The code that looked up the USB3 PHY was ignoring all errors other than
EPROBE_DEFER in an attempt to handle the PHY not being present. Fix and
simplify the code by using devm_phy_optional_get and dev_err_probe so
that a missing PHY is not treated as an error and unexpected errors
are handled properly.

Fixes: 84770f028fab ("usb: dwc3: Add driver for Xilinx platforms")
Signed-off-by: Robert Hancock <robert.hancock@calian.com>
---
 drivers/usb/dwc3/dwc3-xilinx.c | 10 +++++-----
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/usb/dwc3/dwc3-xilinx.c b/drivers/usb/dwc3/dwc3-xilinx.c
index 3bc035376394..3b16e7610009 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/dwc3/dwc3-xilinx.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/dwc3/dwc3-xilinx.c
@@ -102,12 +102,12 @@ static int dwc3_xlnx_init_zynqmp(struct dwc3_xlnx *priv_data)
 	int			ret;
 	u32			reg;
 
-	usb3_phy = devm_phy_get(dev, "usb3-phy");
-	if (PTR_ERR(usb3_phy) == -EPROBE_DEFER) {
-		ret = -EPROBE_DEFER;
+	usb3_phy = devm_phy_optional_get(dev, "usb3-phy");
+	if (IS_ERR(usb3_phy)) {
+		ret = PTR_ERR(usb3_phy);
+		dev_err_probe(dev, ret,
+			      "failed to get USB3 PHY\n");
 		goto err;
-	} else if (IS_ERR(usb3_phy)) {
-		usb3_phy = NULL;
 	}
 
 	crst = devm_reset_control_get_exclusive(dev, "usb_crst");
-- 
2.31.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v4 3/5] dt-bindings: usb: dwc3: add reference clock period fractional adjustment
  2022-01-14  4:42 [PATCH v4 0/5] Xilinx ZynqMP USB fixes Robert Hancock
  2022-01-14  4:42 ` [PATCH v4 1/5] usb: dwc3: xilinx: Fix PIPE clock selection for USB2.0 mode Robert Hancock
  2022-01-14  4:42 ` [PATCH v4 2/5] usb: dwc3: xilinx: Fix error handling when getting USB3 PHY Robert Hancock
@ 2022-01-14  4:42 ` Robert Hancock
  2022-01-14  4:42 ` [PATCH v4 4/5] usb: dwc3: add reference clock FLADJ configuration Robert Hancock
  2022-01-14  4:42 ` [PATCH v4 5/5] arm64: dts: zynqmp: Add DWC3 USB reference clock period configuration Robert Hancock
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Robert Hancock @ 2022-01-14  4:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-usb
  Cc: Thinh.Nguyen, robh+dt, devicetree, michal.simek, balbi, gregkh,
	mounika.grace.akula, manish.narani, Robert Hancock

Document the new snps,ref-clock-fladj property which can be used to set
the fractional portion of the reference clock period.

Signed-off-by: Robert Hancock <robert.hancock@calian.com>
---
 .../devicetree/bindings/usb/snps,dwc3.yaml          | 13 +++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 13 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/snps,dwc3.yaml b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/snps,dwc3.yaml
index d29ffcd27472..5872a4470b16 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/snps,dwc3.yaml
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/snps,dwc3.yaml
@@ -266,6 +266,19 @@ properties:
     minimum: 1
     maximum: 0x3ff
 
+  snps,ref-clock-fladj:
+    description:
+      Value for GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ field of GFLADJ register for the
+      fractional portion of the reference clock period in nanoseconds,
+      when the hardware set default does not match the actual
+      clock. Calculated via
+      ((125000/ref_clk_period_integer)-(125000/ref_clk_period)) * ref_clk_period
+      where ref_clk_period_integer is the period specified in GUCTL_REFCLKPER and
+      ref_clk_period is the period including fractional value.
+    $ref: /schemas/types.yaml#/definitions/uint32
+    minimum: 0
+    maximum: 124999
+
   snps,rx-thr-num-pkt-prd:
     description:
       Periodic ESS RX packet threshold count (host mode only). Set this and
-- 
2.31.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v4 4/5] usb: dwc3: add reference clock FLADJ configuration
  2022-01-14  4:42 [PATCH v4 0/5] Xilinx ZynqMP USB fixes Robert Hancock
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2022-01-14  4:42 ` [PATCH v4 3/5] dt-bindings: usb: dwc3: add reference clock period fractional adjustment Robert Hancock
@ 2022-01-14  4:42 ` Robert Hancock
  2022-01-14 18:05   ` Sean Anderson
  2022-01-14  4:42 ` [PATCH v4 5/5] arm64: dts: zynqmp: Add DWC3 USB reference clock period configuration Robert Hancock
  4 siblings, 1 reply; 9+ messages in thread
From: Robert Hancock @ 2022-01-14  4:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-usb
  Cc: Thinh.Nguyen, robh+dt, devicetree, michal.simek, balbi, gregkh,
	mounika.grace.akula, manish.narani, Robert Hancock

Previously a device tree property was added to allow overriding the
reference clock period parameter if the default value used was incorrect.
However, there is another register field, GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ, which
reflects the fractional nanosecond portion of the reference clock
period. Add a snps,ref-clock-fladj property to allow configuring this
as well.

On the Xilinx ZynqMP platform, the reference clock appears to always
be 20 MHz, giving a clock period of 50 ns. However, the default value
of GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ was 1008 rather than 0 as it should have been,
which prevented many USB devices from functioning properly. The
psu_init code run by the Xilinx first-stage boot loader sets this
value to 0, however when the controller is reset by the dwc3-xilinx
layer, the incorrect default value is restored. This configuration
property allows ensuring that the correct value is always used.

Reviewed-by: Thinh Nguyen <Thinh.Nguyen@synopsys.com>
Signed-off-by: Robert Hancock <robert.hancock@calian.com>
---
 drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h |  5 +++++
 2 files changed, 40 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c b/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c
index f4c09951b517..ad224fb8088e 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c
@@ -359,6 +359,37 @@ static void dwc3_ref_clk_period(struct dwc3 *dwc)
 }
 
 
+/**
+ * dwc3_ref_clk_fladj - Reference clock period adjustment configuration
+ * @dwc: Pointer to our controller context structure
+ *
+ * GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ should be set based on the fractional portion of the
+ * reference clock period, where the integer portion is set in GUCTL_REFCLKPER.
+ * Calculated as: ((125000/ref_clk_period_integer)-(125000/ref_clk_period)) * ref_clk_period
+ * where ref_clk_period_integer is the period specified in GUCTL_REFCLKPER and
+ * ref_clk_period is the period including fractional value.
+ * This value can be specified in the device tree if the default value is incorrect.
+ * Note that 0 is a valid value.
+ */
+static void dwc3_ref_clk_fladj(struct dwc3 *dwc)
+{
+	u32 reg;
+	u32 reg_new;
+
+	if (DWC3_VER_IS_PRIOR(DWC3, 250A))
+		return;
+
+	if (!dwc->ref_clk_fladj_set)
+		return;
+
+	reg = dwc3_readl(dwc->regs, DWC3_GFLADJ);
+	reg_new = reg & ~DWC3_GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ_MASK;
+	reg_new |= FIELD_PREP(DWC3_GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ_MASK, dwc->ref_clk_fladj);
+	if (reg_new != reg)
+		dwc3_writel(dwc->regs, DWC3_GFLADJ, reg_new);
+}
+
+
 /**
  * dwc3_free_one_event_buffer - Frees one event buffer
  * @dwc: Pointer to our controller context structure
@@ -1033,6 +1064,7 @@ static int dwc3_core_init(struct dwc3 *dwc)
 
 	/* Adjust Reference Clock Period */
 	dwc3_ref_clk_period(dwc);
+	dwc3_ref_clk_fladj(dwc);
 
 	dwc3_set_incr_burst_type(dwc);
 
@@ -1418,6 +1450,9 @@ static void dwc3_get_properties(struct dwc3 *dwc)
 				 &dwc->fladj);
 	device_property_read_u32(dev, "snps,ref-clock-period-ns",
 				 &dwc->ref_clk_per);
+	if (!device_property_read_u32(dev, "snps,ref-clock-fladj",
+				      &dwc->ref_clk_fladj))
+		dwc->ref_clk_fladj_set = true;
 
 	dwc->dis_metastability_quirk = device_property_read_bool(dev,
 				"snps,dis_metastability_quirk");
diff --git a/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h b/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h
index e1cc3f7398fb..5011296786de 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h
+++ b/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h
@@ -388,6 +388,7 @@
 /* Global Frame Length Adjustment Register */
 #define DWC3_GFLADJ_30MHZ_SDBND_SEL		BIT(7)
 #define DWC3_GFLADJ_30MHZ_MASK			0x3f
+#define DWC3_GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ_MASK		0x3fff00
 
 /* Global User Control Register*/
 #define DWC3_GUCTL_REFCLKPER_MASK		0xffc00000
@@ -985,6 +986,8 @@ struct dwc3_scratchpad_array {
  * @regs_size: address space size
  * @fladj: frame length adjustment
  * @ref_clk_per: reference clock period configuration
+ * @ref_clk_fladj_set: whether ref_clk_fladj value is set/valid
+ * @ref_clk_fladj: reference clock period fractional adjustment
  * @irq_gadget: peripheral controller's IRQ number
  * @otg_irq: IRQ number for OTG IRQs
  * @current_otg_role: current role of operation while using the OTG block
@@ -1166,6 +1169,8 @@ struct dwc3 {
 
 	u32			fladj;
 	u32			ref_clk_per;
+	bool			ref_clk_fladj_set;
+	u32			ref_clk_fladj;
 	u32			irq_gadget;
 	u32			otg_irq;
 	u32			current_otg_role;
-- 
2.31.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v4 5/5] arm64: dts: zynqmp: Add DWC3 USB reference clock period configuration
  2022-01-14  4:42 [PATCH v4 0/5] Xilinx ZynqMP USB fixes Robert Hancock
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2022-01-14  4:42 ` [PATCH v4 4/5] usb: dwc3: add reference clock FLADJ configuration Robert Hancock
@ 2022-01-14  4:42 ` Robert Hancock
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Robert Hancock @ 2022-01-14  4:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-usb
  Cc: Thinh.Nguyen, robh+dt, devicetree, michal.simek, balbi, gregkh,
	mounika.grace.akula, manish.narani, Robert Hancock

Set the reference clock period and FLADJ fields in the DWC3 USB driver
to 50ns with no fractional portion to match the ZynqMP configuration.

Signed-off-by: Robert Hancock <robert.hancock@calian.com>
---
 arch/arm64/boot/dts/xilinx/zynqmp.dtsi | 4 ++++
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/boot/dts/xilinx/zynqmp.dtsi b/arch/arm64/boot/dts/xilinx/zynqmp.dtsi
index 74e66443e4ce..2f531707d5d4 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/boot/dts/xilinx/zynqmp.dtsi
+++ b/arch/arm64/boot/dts/xilinx/zynqmp.dtsi
@@ -828,6 +828,8 @@ dwc3_0: usb@fe200000 {
 				#stream-id-cells = <1>;
 				iommus = <&smmu 0x860>;
 				snps,quirk-frame-length-adjustment = <0x20>;
+				snps,ref-clock-period-ns = <50>;
+				snps,ref-clock-fladj = <0>;
 				/* dma-coherent; */
 			};
 		};
@@ -855,6 +857,8 @@ dwc3_1: usb@fe300000 {
 				#stream-id-cells = <1>;
 				iommus = <&smmu 0x861>;
 				snps,quirk-frame-length-adjustment = <0x20>;
+				snps,ref-clock-period-ns = <50>;
+				snps,ref-clock-fladj = <0>;
 				/* dma-coherent; */
 			};
 		};
-- 
2.31.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v4 4/5] usb: dwc3: add reference clock FLADJ configuration
  2022-01-14  4:42 ` [PATCH v4 4/5] usb: dwc3: add reference clock FLADJ configuration Robert Hancock
@ 2022-01-14 18:05   ` Sean Anderson
  2022-01-14 19:22     ` Robert Hancock
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 9+ messages in thread
From: Sean Anderson @ 2022-01-14 18:05 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Robert Hancock, linux-usb
  Cc: Thinh.Nguyen, robh+dt, devicetree, michal.simek, balbi, gregkh,
	mounika.grace.akula, manish.narani

Hi Robert,

On 1/13/22 11:42 PM, Robert Hancock wrote:
> Previously a device tree property was added to allow overriding the
> reference clock period parameter if the default value used was incorrect.
> However, there is another register field, GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ, which
> reflects the fractional nanosecond portion of the reference clock
> period. Add a snps,ref-clock-fladj property to allow configuring this
> as well.
>
> On the Xilinx ZynqMP platform, the reference clock appears to always
> be 20 MHz, giving a clock period of 50 ns. However, the default value
> of GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ was 1008 rather than 0 as it should have been,
> which prevented many USB devices from functioning properly. The
> psu_init code run by the Xilinx first-stage boot loader sets this
> value to 0, however when the controller is reset by the dwc3-xilinx
> layer, the incorrect default value is restored. This configuration
> property allows ensuring that the correct value is always used.
>
> Reviewed-by: Thinh Nguyen <Thinh.Nguyen@synopsys.com>
> Signed-off-by: Robert Hancock <robert.hancock@calian.com>
> ---
>   drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>   drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h |  5 +++++
>   2 files changed, 40 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c b/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c
> index f4c09951b517..ad224fb8088e 100644
> --- a/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c
> +++ b/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c
> @@ -359,6 +359,37 @@ static void dwc3_ref_clk_period(struct dwc3 *dwc)
>   }
>
>
> +/**
> + * dwc3_ref_clk_fladj - Reference clock period adjustment configuration
> + * @dwc: Pointer to our controller context structure
> + *
> + * GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ should be set based on the fractional portion of the
> + * reference clock period, where the integer portion is set in GUCTL_REFCLKPER.
> + * Calculated as: ((125000/ref_clk_period_integer)-(125000/ref_clk_period)) * ref_clk_period
> + * where ref_clk_period_integer is the period specified in GUCTL_REFCLKPER and
> + * ref_clk_period is the period including fractional value.
> + * This value can be specified in the device tree if the default value is incorrect.
> + * Note that 0 is a valid value.
> + */
> +static void dwc3_ref_clk_fladj(struct dwc3 *dwc)
> +{
> +	u32 reg;
> +	u32 reg_new;
> +
> +	if (DWC3_VER_IS_PRIOR(DWC3, 250A))
> +		return;
> +
> +	if (!dwc->ref_clk_fladj_set)
> +		return;
> +
> +	reg = dwc3_readl(dwc->regs, DWC3_GFLADJ);
> +	reg_new = reg & ~DWC3_GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ_MASK;
> +	reg_new |= FIELD_PREP(DWC3_GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ_MASK, dwc->ref_clk_fladj);
> +	if (reg_new != reg)
> +		dwc3_writel(dwc->regs, DWC3_GFLADJ, reg_new);
> +}
> +
> +
>   /**
>    * dwc3_free_one_event_buffer - Frees one event buffer
>    * @dwc: Pointer to our controller context structure
> @@ -1033,6 +1064,7 @@ static int dwc3_core_init(struct dwc3 *dwc)
>
>   	/* Adjust Reference Clock Period */
>   	dwc3_ref_clk_period(dwc);
> +	dwc3_ref_clk_fladj(dwc);
>
>   	dwc3_set_incr_burst_type(dwc);
>
> @@ -1418,6 +1450,9 @@ static void dwc3_get_properties(struct dwc3 *dwc)
>   				 &dwc->fladj);
>   	device_property_read_u32(dev, "snps,ref-clock-period-ns",
>   				 &dwc->ref_clk_per);
> +	if (!device_property_read_u32(dev, "snps,ref-clock-fladj",
> +				      &dwc->ref_clk_fladj))
> +		dwc->ref_clk_fladj_set = true;
>
>   	dwc->dis_metastability_quirk = device_property_read_bool(dev,
>   				"snps,dis_metastability_quirk");
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h b/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h
> index e1cc3f7398fb..5011296786de 100644
> --- a/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h
> +++ b/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h
> @@ -388,6 +388,7 @@
>   /* Global Frame Length Adjustment Register */
>   #define DWC3_GFLADJ_30MHZ_SDBND_SEL		BIT(7)
>   #define DWC3_GFLADJ_30MHZ_MASK			0x3f
> +#define DWC3_GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ_MASK		0x3fff00
>
>   /* Global User Control Register*/
>   #define DWC3_GUCTL_REFCLKPER_MASK		0xffc00000
> @@ -985,6 +986,8 @@ struct dwc3_scratchpad_array {
>    * @regs_size: address space size
>    * @fladj: frame length adjustment
>    * @ref_clk_per: reference clock period configuration
> + * @ref_clk_fladj_set: whether ref_clk_fladj value is set/valid
> + * @ref_clk_fladj: reference clock period fractional adjustment
>    * @irq_gadget: peripheral controller's IRQ number
>    * @otg_irq: IRQ number for OTG IRQs
>    * @current_otg_role: current role of operation while using the OTG block
> @@ -1166,6 +1169,8 @@ struct dwc3 {
>
>   	u32			fladj;
>   	u32			ref_clk_per;
> +	bool			ref_clk_fladj_set;
> +	u32			ref_clk_fladj;
>   	u32			irq_gadget;
>   	u32			otg_irq;
>   	u32			current_otg_role;
>

Doesn't this property already exist as snps,quirk-frame-length-adjustment?

---

I realize the cat is already out of the bag, but this seems like
something which could be better modeled with a frequency property, or by
using a clock. With these bindings, the board maintainer has to
determine the reference clock frequency and then manually calculate the
fractional adjustment.  If the reference clock is ever changed (e.g. in
a new board revision), the maintainer must then update two properties.
However, Linux could calculate all this automatically.

We already have a clock input for the reference with which we can
determine the frequency (according to bindings/usb/snps,dwc3.yaml,
though I cannot see where it is implemented in the driver). Even on
platforms without a reference clock (such as USB over PCIe [1]), one can
just add a fixed-rate clock to act as the reference.

--Sean

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/all/9f399bdf1ff752e31ab7497e3d5ce19bbb3ff247.1630389452.git.baruch@tkos.co.il/

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v4 4/5] usb: dwc3: add reference clock FLADJ configuration
  2022-01-14 18:05   ` Sean Anderson
@ 2022-01-14 19:22     ` Robert Hancock
  2022-01-14 19:56       ` Sean Anderson
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 9+ messages in thread
From: Robert Hancock @ 2022-01-14 19:22 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: sean.anderson, linux-usb
  Cc: robh+dt, mounika.grace.akula, devicetree, Thinh.Nguyen,
	michal.simek, balbi, manish.narani, gregkh

On Fri, 2022-01-14 at 13:05 -0500, Sean Anderson wrote:
> Hi Robert,
> 
> On 1/13/22 11:42 PM, Robert Hancock wrote:
> > Previously a device tree property was added to allow overriding the
> > reference clock period parameter if the default value used was incorrect.
> > However, there is another register field, GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ, which
> > reflects the fractional nanosecond portion of the reference clock
> > period. Add a snps,ref-clock-fladj property to allow configuring this
> > as well.
> > 
> > On the Xilinx ZynqMP platform, the reference clock appears to always
> > be 20 MHz, giving a clock period of 50 ns. However, the default value
> > of GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ was 1008 rather than 0 as it should have been,
> > which prevented many USB devices from functioning properly. The
> > psu_init code run by the Xilinx first-stage boot loader sets this
> > value to 0, however when the controller is reset by the dwc3-xilinx
> > layer, the incorrect default value is restored. This configuration
> > property allows ensuring that the correct value is always used.
> > 
> > Reviewed-by: Thinh Nguyen <Thinh.Nguyen@synopsys.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Robert Hancock <robert.hancock@calian.com>
> > ---
> >   drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >   drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h |  5 +++++
> >   2 files changed, 40 insertions(+)
> > 
> > diff --git a/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c b/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c
> > index f4c09951b517..ad224fb8088e 100644
> > --- a/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c
> > +++ b/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c
> > @@ -359,6 +359,37 @@ static void dwc3_ref_clk_period(struct dwc3 *dwc)
> >   }
> > 
> > 
> > +/**
> > + * dwc3_ref_clk_fladj - Reference clock period adjustment configuration
> > + * @dwc: Pointer to our controller context structure
> > + *
> > + * GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ should be set based on the fractional portion of
> > the
> > + * reference clock period, where the integer portion is set in
> > GUCTL_REFCLKPER.
> > + * Calculated as: ((125000/ref_clk_period_integer)-
> > (125000/ref_clk_period)) * ref_clk_period
> > + * where ref_clk_period_integer is the period specified in GUCTL_REFCLKPER
> > and
> > + * ref_clk_period is the period including fractional value.
> > + * This value can be specified in the device tree if the default value is
> > incorrect.
> > + * Note that 0 is a valid value.
> > + */
> > +static void dwc3_ref_clk_fladj(struct dwc3 *dwc)
> > +{
> > +	u32 reg;
> > +	u32 reg_new;
> > +
> > +	if (DWC3_VER_IS_PRIOR(DWC3, 250A))
> > +		return;
> > +
> > +	if (!dwc->ref_clk_fladj_set)
> > +		return;
> > +
> > +	reg = dwc3_readl(dwc->regs, DWC3_GFLADJ);
> > +	reg_new = reg & ~DWC3_GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ_MASK;
> > +	reg_new |= FIELD_PREP(DWC3_GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ_MASK, dwc-
> > >ref_clk_fladj);
> > +	if (reg_new != reg)
> > +		dwc3_writel(dwc->regs, DWC3_GFLADJ, reg_new);
> > +}
> > +
> > +
> >   /**
> >    * dwc3_free_one_event_buffer - Frees one event buffer
> >    * @dwc: Pointer to our controller context structure
> > @@ -1033,6 +1064,7 @@ static int dwc3_core_init(struct dwc3 *dwc)
> > 
> >   	/* Adjust Reference Clock Period */
> >   	dwc3_ref_clk_period(dwc);
> > +	dwc3_ref_clk_fladj(dwc);
> > 
> >   	dwc3_set_incr_burst_type(dwc);
> > 
> > @@ -1418,6 +1450,9 @@ static void dwc3_get_properties(struct dwc3 *dwc)
> >   				 &dwc->fladj);
> >   	device_property_read_u32(dev, "snps,ref-clock-period-ns",
> >   				 &dwc->ref_clk_per);
> > +	if (!device_property_read_u32(dev, "snps,ref-clock-fladj",
> > +				      &dwc->ref_clk_fladj))
> > +		dwc->ref_clk_fladj_set = true;
> > 
> >   	dwc->dis_metastability_quirk = device_property_read_bool(dev,
> >   				"snps,dis_metastability_quirk");
> > diff --git a/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h b/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h
> > index e1cc3f7398fb..5011296786de 100644
> > --- a/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h
> > +++ b/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h
> > @@ -388,6 +388,7 @@
> >   /* Global Frame Length Adjustment Register */
> >   #define DWC3_GFLADJ_30MHZ_SDBND_SEL		BIT(7)
> >   #define DWC3_GFLADJ_30MHZ_MASK			0x3f
> > +#define DWC3_GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ_MASK		0x3fff00
> > 
> >   /* Global User Control Register*/
> >   #define DWC3_GUCTL_REFCLKPER_MASK		0xffc00000
> > @@ -985,6 +986,8 @@ struct dwc3_scratchpad_array {
> >    * @regs_size: address space size
> >    * @fladj: frame length adjustment
> >    * @ref_clk_per: reference clock period configuration
> > + * @ref_clk_fladj_set: whether ref_clk_fladj value is set/valid
> > + * @ref_clk_fladj: reference clock period fractional adjustment
> >    * @irq_gadget: peripheral controller's IRQ number
> >    * @otg_irq: IRQ number for OTG IRQs
> >    * @current_otg_role: current role of operation while using the OTG block
> > @@ -1166,6 +1169,8 @@ struct dwc3 {
> > 
> >   	u32			fladj;
> >   	u32			ref_clk_per;
> > +	bool			ref_clk_fladj_set;
> > +	u32			ref_clk_fladj;
> >   	u32			irq_gadget;
> >   	u32			otg_irq;
> >   	u32			current_otg_role;
> > 
> 
> Doesn't this property already exist as snps,quirk-frame-length-adjustment?

No, it's actually a different setting, though it's a bit confusing (kind of
reflecting that the actual register settings are a bit confusing):

snps,ref-clock-period-ns and snps,ref-clock-fladj specify the reference clock
period (the whole nanoseconds and the fractional portion respectively).

snps,quirk-frame-length-adjustment is another setting which seems to reflect
the frame length according to a 30 MHz clock, and which overrides another input
value that's provided to the core in hardware. (That's my understanding anyway,
just based on the register descriptions in the ZynqMP documentation. The
Synopsys guys might have a better idea what this actually does.)

> 
> ---
> 
> I realize the cat is already out of the bag, but this seems like
> something which could be better modeled with a frequency property, or by
> using a clock. With these bindings, the board maintainer has to
> determine the reference clock frequency and then manually calculate the
> fractional adjustment.  If the reference clock is ever changed (e.g. in
> a new board revision), the maintainer must then update two properties.
> However, Linux could calculate all this automatically.
> 
> We already have a clock input for the reference with which we can
> determine the frequency (according to bindings/usb/snps,dwc3.yaml,
> though I cannot see where it is implemented in the driver). Even on
> platforms without a reference clock (such as USB over PCIe [1]), one can
> just add a fixed-rate clock to act as the reference.

That probably would make some sense.. the complication is that at least looking
at the ZynqMP setup for this USB core, in the device tree the top-level zynqmp-
dwc3 "wrapper" driver (drivers/usb/dwc3/dwc3-xilinx.c) is the one that has the
clocks mapped to it right now, not the actual snps,dwc3 device that this driver
is operating with. Other dwc3 variants like exynos, imx8mp, qcom etc. seem to
be set up similarly.

I'm not actually sure why it was setup this way with a parent and child device
node with separate drivers, rather than just having device-specific extensions
in the dwc3 driver for implementations that need it. But I'm guessing there's
probably enough device tree references to that setup that we're stuck with it
now.

Simplified example:

usb0: usb@ff9d0000 {
        compatible = "xlnx,zynqmp-dwc3";
        clock-names 
= "bus_clk", "ref_clk";
	clocks = <&zynqmp_clk USB0_BUS_REF>, <&zynqmp_clk
USB3_DUAL_REF>;

        dwc3_0: usb@fe200000 {
                compatible = "snps,dwc3";
                snps,quirk-frame-length-adjustment = <0x20>;
                snps,ref-clock-period-ns = <50>;
                snps,ref-clock-fladj = <0>;
        };
};


I'm pretty sure that the "ref_clk" clock on the zynqmp-dwc3 device is what
snps,dwc3 calls the "ref" clock which these period settings are dealing with,
and currently doesn't do anything with in its code if it's provided, other than
enabling it. As you say, the driver could just pull out the rate of that clock
and calculate the correct clock period values on its own.

But given that properties need to be added to the device tree to support the
current approach anyway, I guess the device tree should just add the ref clock
into the child node as well..

> 
> --Sean
> 
> [1] 
> https://urldefense.com/v3/__https://lore.kernel.org/all/9f399bdf1ff752e31ab7497e3d5ce19bbb3ff247.1630389452.git.baruch@tkos.co.il/__;!!IOGos0k!ytRCRnO1vDXkVSV3Nz06dhYdT5kiZU75gcjcs0bPss2UQM4mSwij8Wglzdem3ctNH5g$
>  

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v4 4/5] usb: dwc3: add reference clock FLADJ configuration
  2022-01-14 19:22     ` Robert Hancock
@ 2022-01-14 19:56       ` Sean Anderson
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Sean Anderson @ 2022-01-14 19:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Robert Hancock, linux-usb
  Cc: robh+dt, mounika.grace.akula, devicetree, Thinh.Nguyen,
	michal.simek, balbi, manish.narani, gregkh



On 1/14/22 2:22 PM, Robert Hancock wrote:
> On Fri, 2022-01-14 at 13:05 -0500, Sean Anderson wrote:
>> Hi Robert,
>>
>> On 1/13/22 11:42 PM, Robert Hancock wrote:
>> > Previously a device tree property was added to allow overriding the
>> > reference clock period parameter if the default value used was incorrect.
>> > However, there is another register field, GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ, which
>> > reflects the fractional nanosecond portion of the reference clock
>> > period. Add a snps,ref-clock-fladj property to allow configuring this
>> > as well.
>> >
>> > On the Xilinx ZynqMP platform, the reference clock appears to always
>> > be 20 MHz, giving a clock period of 50 ns. However, the default value
>> > of GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ was 1008 rather than 0 as it should have been,
>> > which prevented many USB devices from functioning properly. The
>> > psu_init code run by the Xilinx first-stage boot loader sets this
>> > value to 0, however when the controller is reset by the dwc3-xilinx
>> > layer, the incorrect default value is restored. This configuration
>> > property allows ensuring that the correct value is always used.
>> >
>> > Reviewed-by: Thinh Nguyen <Thinh.Nguyen@synopsys.com>
>> > Signed-off-by: Robert Hancock <robert.hancock@calian.com>
>> > ---
>> >   drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> >   drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h |  5 +++++
>> >   2 files changed, 40 insertions(+)
>> >
>> > diff --git a/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c b/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c
>> > index f4c09951b517..ad224fb8088e 100644
>> > --- a/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c
>> > +++ b/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.c
>> > @@ -359,6 +359,37 @@ static void dwc3_ref_clk_period(struct dwc3 *dwc)
>> >   }
>> >
>> >
>> > +/**
>> > + * dwc3_ref_clk_fladj - Reference clock period adjustment configuration
>> > + * @dwc: Pointer to our controller context structure
>> > + *
>> > + * GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ should be set based on the fractional portion of
>> > the
>> > + * reference clock period, where the integer portion is set in
>> > GUCTL_REFCLKPER.
>> > + * Calculated as: ((125000/ref_clk_period_integer)-
>> > (125000/ref_clk_period)) * ref_clk_period
>> > + * where ref_clk_period_integer is the period specified in GUCTL_REFCLKPER
>> > and
>> > + * ref_clk_period is the period including fractional value.
>> > + * This value can be specified in the device tree if the default value is
>> > incorrect.
>> > + * Note that 0 is a valid value.
>> > + */
>> > +static void dwc3_ref_clk_fladj(struct dwc3 *dwc)
>> > +{
>> > +	u32 reg;
>> > +	u32 reg_new;
>> > +
>> > +	if (DWC3_VER_IS_PRIOR(DWC3, 250A))
>> > +		return;
>> > +
>> > +	if (!dwc->ref_clk_fladj_set)
>> > +		return;
>> > +
>> > +	reg = dwc3_readl(dwc->regs, DWC3_GFLADJ);
>> > +	reg_new = reg & ~DWC3_GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ_MASK;
>> > +	reg_new |= FIELD_PREP(DWC3_GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ_MASK, dwc-
>> > >ref_clk_fladj);
>> > +	if (reg_new != reg)
>> > +		dwc3_writel(dwc->regs, DWC3_GFLADJ, reg_new);
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +
>> >   /**
>> >    * dwc3_free_one_event_buffer - Frees one event buffer
>> >    * @dwc: Pointer to our controller context structure
>> > @@ -1033,6 +1064,7 @@ static int dwc3_core_init(struct dwc3 *dwc)
>> >
>> >   	/* Adjust Reference Clock Period */
>> >   	dwc3_ref_clk_period(dwc);
>> > +	dwc3_ref_clk_fladj(dwc);
>> >
>> >   	dwc3_set_incr_burst_type(dwc);
>> >
>> > @@ -1418,6 +1450,9 @@ static void dwc3_get_properties(struct dwc3 *dwc)
>> >   				 &dwc->fladj);
>> >   	device_property_read_u32(dev, "snps,ref-clock-period-ns",
>> >   				 &dwc->ref_clk_per);
>> > +	if (!device_property_read_u32(dev, "snps,ref-clock-fladj",
>> > +				      &dwc->ref_clk_fladj))
>> > +		dwc->ref_clk_fladj_set = true;
>> >
>> >   	dwc->dis_metastability_quirk = device_property_read_bool(dev,
>> >   				"snps,dis_metastability_quirk");
>> > diff --git a/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h b/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h
>> > index e1cc3f7398fb..5011296786de 100644
>> > --- a/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h
>> > +++ b/drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h
>> > @@ -388,6 +388,7 @@
>> >   /* Global Frame Length Adjustment Register */
>> >   #define DWC3_GFLADJ_30MHZ_SDBND_SEL		BIT(7)
>> >   #define DWC3_GFLADJ_30MHZ_MASK			0x3f
>> > +#define DWC3_GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ_MASK		0x3fff00
>> >
>> >   /* Global User Control Register*/
>> >   #define DWC3_GUCTL_REFCLKPER_MASK		0xffc00000
>> > @@ -985,6 +986,8 @@ struct dwc3_scratchpad_array {
>> >    * @regs_size: address space size
>> >    * @fladj: frame length adjustment
>> >    * @ref_clk_per: reference clock period configuration
>> > + * @ref_clk_fladj_set: whether ref_clk_fladj value is set/valid
>> > + * @ref_clk_fladj: reference clock period fractional adjustment
>> >    * @irq_gadget: peripheral controller's IRQ number
>> >    * @otg_irq: IRQ number for OTG IRQs
>> >    * @current_otg_role: current role of operation while using the OTG block
>> > @@ -1166,6 +1169,8 @@ struct dwc3 {
>> >
>> >   	u32			fladj;
>> >   	u32			ref_clk_per;
>> > +	bool			ref_clk_fladj_set;
>> > +	u32			ref_clk_fladj;
>> >   	u32			irq_gadget;
>> >   	u32			otg_irq;
>> >   	u32			current_otg_role;
>> >
>>
>> Doesn't this property already exist as snps,quirk-frame-length-adjustment?
>
> No, it's actually a different setting, though it's a bit confusing (kind of
> reflecting that the actual register settings are a bit confusing):
>
> snps,ref-clock-period-ns and snps,ref-clock-fladj specify the reference clock
> period (the whole nanoseconds and the fractional portion respectively).
>
> snps,quirk-frame-length-adjustment is another setting which seems to reflect
> the frame length according to a 30 MHz clock, and which overrides another input
> value that's provided to the core in hardware. (That's my understanding anyway,
> just based on the register descriptions in the ZynqMP documentation. The
> Synopsys guys might have a better idea what this actually does.)

I think it does the same thing, but when GFLADJ_REFCLK_LPM_SEL=0. Its
description is

> This field indicates the value that is used for frame length
> adjustment instead of considering from the sideband input signal
> fladj_30mhz_reg

and the description for GFLADJ_REFCLK_FLADJ is

> This field indicates the frame length adjustment to be applied when
> SOF/ITP counter is running on the ref_clk. This register value is used
> to adjust the ITP interval when GCTL[SOFITPSYNC] is set to '1'; SOF
> and ITP interval when GLADJ.GFLADJ_REFCLK_LPM_SEL is set to '1'.

Although it's possible that these are different aspects (interval vs
length?).

According to the xHCI standard section 5.2.4, "the default value
[of GFLADJ_30MHZ] is decimal 32 (20h), which gives a SOF cycle time of
60000." All in-tree bindings which set this property just set it to
0x20, so maybe we should just remove the binding and set it all the
time.

>>
>> ---
>>
>> I realize the cat is already out of the bag, but this seems like
>> something which could be better modeled with a frequency property, or by
>> using a clock. With these bindings, the board maintainer has to
>> determine the reference clock frequency and then manually calculate the
>> fractional adjustment.  If the reference clock is ever changed (e.g. in
>> a new board revision), the maintainer must then update two properties.
>> However, Linux could calculate all this automatically.
>>
>> We already have a clock input for the reference with which we can
>> determine the frequency (according to bindings/usb/snps,dwc3.yaml,
>> though I cannot see where it is implemented in the driver). Even on
>> platforms without a reference clock (such as USB over PCIe [1]), one can
>> just add a fixed-rate clock to act as the reference.
>
> That probably would make some sense.. the complication is that at least looking
> at the ZynqMP setup for this USB core, in the device tree the top-level zynqmp-
> dwc3 "wrapper" driver (drivers/usb/dwc3/dwc3-xilinx.c) is the one that has the
> clocks mapped to it right now, not the actual snps,dwc3 device that this driver
> is operating with. Other dwc3 variants like exynos, imx8mp, qcom etc. seem to
> be set up similarly.
>
> I'm not actually sure why it was setup this way with a parent and child device
> node with separate drivers, rather than just having device-specific extensions
> in the dwc3 driver for implementations that need it. But I'm guessing there's
> probably enough device tree references to that setup that we're stuck with it
> now.

I believe the motivation is that several of these drivers have auxiliary
registers and rather than creating a second entry in `regs`, the
original authors created sub-nodes instead.

> Simplified example:
>
> usb0: usb@ff9d0000 {
>          compatible = "xlnx,zynqmp-dwc3";
>          clock-names
> = "bus_clk", "ref_clk";
> 	clocks = <&zynqmp_clk USB0_BUS_REF>, <&zynqmp_clk
> USB3_DUAL_REF>;
>
>          dwc3_0: usb@fe200000 {
>                  compatible = "snps,dwc3";
>                  snps,quirk-frame-length-adjustment = <0x20>;
>                  snps,ref-clock-period-ns = <50>;
>                  snps,ref-clock-fladj = <0>;
>          };
> };
>
>
> I'm pretty sure that the "ref_clk" clock on the zynqmp-dwc3 device is what
> snps,dwc3 calls the "ref" clock which these period settings are dealing with,
> and currently doesn't do anything with in its code if it's provided, other than
> enabling it. As you say, the driver could just pull out the rate of that clock
> and calculate the correct clock period values on its own.

I believe that's correct. On my system, ref_clk is set to usb3_dual_ref,
which is running at 20MHz.

> But given that properties need to be added to the device tree to support the
> current approach anyway, I guess the device tree should just add the ref clock
> into the child node as well..

I think that's a good idea. For existing bindings, we can create a
fixed-rate clock based on snps,ref-clock-period-ns (and mark that
property as deprecated).

--Sean

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2022-01-14 19:56 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 9+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2022-01-14  4:42 [PATCH v4 0/5] Xilinx ZynqMP USB fixes Robert Hancock
2022-01-14  4:42 ` [PATCH v4 1/5] usb: dwc3: xilinx: Fix PIPE clock selection for USB2.0 mode Robert Hancock
2022-01-14  4:42 ` [PATCH v4 2/5] usb: dwc3: xilinx: Fix error handling when getting USB3 PHY Robert Hancock
2022-01-14  4:42 ` [PATCH v4 3/5] dt-bindings: usb: dwc3: add reference clock period fractional adjustment Robert Hancock
2022-01-14  4:42 ` [PATCH v4 4/5] usb: dwc3: add reference clock FLADJ configuration Robert Hancock
2022-01-14 18:05   ` Sean Anderson
2022-01-14 19:22     ` Robert Hancock
2022-01-14 19:56       ` Sean Anderson
2022-01-14  4:42 ` [PATCH v4 5/5] arm64: dts: zynqmp: Add DWC3 USB reference clock period configuration Robert Hancock

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